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Study sets matching "genes chapter 4 anthropology"

39 terms
Chapter 4 Genes and Their Evolution (Anthropology 115)
Anthropogenic
Deme
Demic Diffusion
Gene Pool
Refers to any effect caused by human.
A local population of organism that have similar genes, inter…
A population's movement into an area previously uninhabited b…
All the genetic information in the breeding population.
Anthropogenic
Refers to any effect caused by human.
Deme
A local population of organism that have similar genes, inter…
26 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4: Genes and Their Evolution: Population Genetics
What is evolution about?
What do physical anthropologist and ge…
Deme
Gene pool
Evolution is about groups of potentially reproducing organism.
Reproductive populations.
Members of a species that produce offspring. (local populatio…
All the genetic information in a breeding population.
What is evolution about?
Evolution is about groups of potentially reproducing organism.
What do physical anthropologist and ge…
Reproductive populations.
23 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
language
productivity
displacement
descriptive linguistics
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
The ability to use words to refer to objects not immediately…
The study of the sounds, symbols, and gestures of a language,…
language
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
productivity
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Genes Vocab
gene
alleles
dominant allele
recessive allele
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
are symbols that represent a gene
when there are different types of alleles
two individual alleles
gene
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
alleles
are symbols that represent a gene
44 terms
Chapter 4 (Cells and Genes)
proteins
enzymes
how many different kinds of amino acid…
proteins are also called _____________…
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
20
proteins are also called polypeptides.
proteins
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
enzymes
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Genes Vocab
gene
alleles
dominant allele
recessive allele
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
are symbols that represent a gene
when there are different types of alleles
two individual alleles
gene
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
alleles
are symbols that represent a gene
34 terms
Chapter 4 Genes
Genes
Nucleotide sequence
polypeptides
Proteins
segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
functions as blueprint that directs the cell to build a polyp…
fold on themselves to produce a protein
give cells nearly all of their genetically determined charact…
Genes
segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Nucleotide sequence
functions as blueprint that directs the cell to build a polyp…
69 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
The alleles present at a specific loca…
Observable and measurable features suc…
A phenotypic trait that is the result…
Phenotypic traits that result from the…
Genotype (actual alleles)
Phenotype
Monogenic trait
Polygenic trait
The alleles present at a specific loca…
Genotype (actual alleles)
Observable and measurable features suc…
Phenotype
9 terms
Biological Anthropology, Chapter 4
alleles
gene pool
breeding
interbreeding
The gene pool is all the __________ in a population.
The ____________________ is all the alleles in a population.
__________ populations are populations within a species that…
Gene flow is the exchange of genes among populations throug…
alleles
The gene pool is all the __________ in a population.
gene pool
The ____________________ is all the alleles in a population.
13 terms
Chapter 4 - DNA - Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotides
complementary bases
double helix
hereditary material that controls all the activities of a cel…
makes up DNC; consists of three different types of material :…
Four bases are adenine (A) and thymine (T), and guanine (G) a…
shape of DNA, like a twisted ladder or spiral
DNA
hereditary material that controls all the activities of a cel…
nucleotides
makes up DNC; consists of three different types of material :…
Anthropology 101: Chapter 4
Common Primate Traits
Physical features
Social features
Length of Dependency
-Mammalia... -Bodies covered with dense hair/fur... -Warm-blooded... -…
- Arboreal existence... - Rotation forearm... - Freedom of moveme…
Group life and longer mothering of young... Group care for the…
Lemurs 2 and a half years
Common Primate Traits
-Mammalia... -Bodies covered with dense hair/fur... -Warm-blooded... -…
Physical features
- Arboreal existence... - Rotation forearm... - Freedom of moveme…
29 terms
Chapter 4 - Anthropology
bilineal
identity moratorium
polygyny
bridewealth
a kinship system in which people trace their ancestry through…
a status in which the adolescent is in crisis and unable to a…
a form a marriage between one husband and multiple wives
a cultural system where the groom (or the groom's family) mus…
bilineal
a kinship system in which people trace their ancestry through…
identity moratorium
a status in which the adolescent is in crisis and unable to a…
13 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Westernization
Developmental Anthropology
Equity, increased
Overinnovation
The diffusion of European cultures into tribal societies.
The branch of applied anthology that focuses on social issues…
A reduction in absolute poverty and a fairer (more even) dist…
Characteristic of development projects that require major cha…
Westernization
The diffusion of European cultures into tribal societies.
Developmental Anthropology
The branch of applied anthology that focuses on social issues…
14 terms
Chapter 4 Genes and DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
Ribosome
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that contains the informati…
a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrog…
ribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living ce…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that contains the informati…
Nucleotide
a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrog…
19 terms
Anthropology chapter 4
language
linguistics
design features
phonemes
the system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our ex…
the scientific study of language
those characteristics of language that, when taken together,…
basic units of distinct sound that are characteristic of a la…
language
the system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our ex…
linguistics
the scientific study of language
13 terms
Anthropology Terms - Chapter 4
ischial callosities
community
natal group
home range
Hardened, nerveless pads on the buttocks that allow baboons a…
In primatology, a unit of primate social organization compose…
The group or the community an animal has inhabited since birth.
The geographic area within which a group of primates usually…
ischial callosities
Hardened, nerveless pads on the buttocks that allow baboons a…
community
In primatology, a unit of primate social organization compose…
67 terms
Chapter 4 :Genes and Behaviour
Genotype:
Phenotype:
Chromosome
how many chromosomes does each cell ha…
:Specific genetic makeup of an idividual
:Resulting characteristics/ behaviour caused by their genotype
:tightly coiled molecule of DNA, carriers genes
46 chromosomes
Genotype:
:Specific genetic makeup of an idividual
Phenotype:
:Resulting characteristics/ behaviour caused by their genotype
25 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and DNA
Subunits of DNA are called________.
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Chargaff
Franklin
nucleotides
Sugar, phosphate, base
Found the amount of thymine allows equal the amount of adenin…
Used x-ray diffraction to discover that DNA has a spiral shape.
Subunits of DNA are called________.
nucleotides
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Sugar, phosphate, base
16 terms
Chapter 4 DNA & Genes
Rosalind Franklin
DNA
Gene
Double Helix
Female scientist that helped discover the structure of DNA th…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Instructions that code for a specific trait or protein
Twisted Ladder
Rosalind Franklin
Female scientist that helped discover the structure of DNA th…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
21 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Abnormal hemoglobine
Admixture
Anthropogenic
Directional selection
hemoglobin altered so that it is less efficient in binding to…
the exchange of genetic material between two or more populati…
refers to any effect caused by humans.
selection for one allele over the other alleles, causing the…
Abnormal hemoglobine
hemoglobin altered so that it is less efficient in binding to…
Admixture
the exchange of genetic material between two or more populati…
31 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4 : Physical Anthropology
Physical Anthropology
Physical Anthropologist
Human
Human Characteristics
The study of physical human characteristics.
May study modern cultures of fossil remains to learn how huma…
Generally used in the scientific field to indicate members of…
Traits such as hair color, height, skin color and brain size.
Physical Anthropology
The study of physical human characteristics.
Physical Anthropologist
May study modern cultures of fossil remains to learn how huma…
95 terms
Chapter 4 - genes
complementary base pair
nucleotide
codon
DNA polymerase
A+T ; C+G
one pentose sugar, one phosphate group, one base
3 bases to direct amino acid production
add new nucleotides and "proof" new protein
complementary base pair
A+T ; C+G
nucleotide
one pentose sugar, one phosphate group, one base
45 terms
Genes (Chapter 4)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertizilation
passing physical traits to an offspring
each different form of an allele
the study of heredity
joining of sperm and egg
Heredity
passing physical traits to an offspring
Trait
each different form of an allele
31 terms
Chapter 4: Genes
gene
genome
20, 000
3,000
a segment of DNA coding for the synthesis of a specific prote…
all the genes of one person
how many genes do humans have
how many bases long are genes on average
gene
a segment of DNA coding for the synthesis of a specific prote…
genome
all the genes of one person
23 terms
Chapter 4 (Anthropology)
advocate (v)
alternative (n)
attain (v)
by hand (phr)
publicly support
another possibility or version; different from the one you ha…
succeed in getting
with the hands
advocate (v)
publicly support
alternative (n)
another possibility or version; different from the one you ha…
169 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Genetic Diseases
genes
Genes are composed of sequences of
Most important constituents of DNA is…
DNA subunit or nucleotide contains
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
nitrogenous bases, A, C, G, T.... Physical structure = a double…
- on pentose sugar (deoxyribose... > one phosphate groups... > One…
genes
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
Genes are composed of sequences of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
12 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Species
Taxonomist
Point Mutations
Chromosomal Mutations
A population of organisms whose members can, under natural ci…
Scientists who classify and name living organisms
Mutations of a single base of a codon
Mutations of a whole chromosome or a large portion of a chrom…
Species
A population of organisms whose members can, under natural ci…
Taxonomist
Scientists who classify and name living organisms
37 terms
Seeing Anthropology Chapter 4
signs
symbols
ethology
design features
indication; a signal with a direct, essential relationship to…
meaning; a signal with an indirect, arbitrary relationship to…
the anthropological comparisons of cultures
Hockett's phrase for the different attributes of (human) lang…
signs
indication; a signal with a direct, essential relationship to…
symbols
meaning; a signal with an indirect, arbitrary relationship to…
12 terms
Anthropology Terms Chapter 4
Achieved Status
Ascribed Status
Caste
Class (or Social Class)
a status that a person chooses or becomes associated with due…
a status given to an individual through on choice or action o…
a tightly bounded social group based on family background. Ca…
a cultural category describing how people are grouped accordi…
Achieved Status
a status that a person chooses or becomes associated with due…
Ascribed Status
a status given to an individual through on choice or action o…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
If humans continue down their evolutio…
When individuals of the same species a…
This figure shows significant genetic…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
False
Macroevolution
macroevolution.
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
If humans continue down their evolutio…
False
16 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Paleontology
Remote Sensing
Fossils
Systematic Survey
Study of ancient life through the fossil record.
Use of aerial photos and satellite images to locate sites on…
Remains of ancient life.
Study of settlement patterns over a large area.
Paleontology
Study of ancient life through the fossil record.
Remote Sensing
Use of aerial photos and satellite images to locate sites on…
19 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Symbol
Cognitive anthropology
Ethnobotany
Ethnomedicine
Something that stands for something else; central to culture
A theoretical approach that defines culture in terms of the r…
An anthropological discipline devoted to describing the ways…
An anthropological discipline devoted to describing the medic…
Symbol
Something that stands for something else; central to culture
Cognitive anthropology
A theoretical approach that defines culture in terms of the r…
16 terms
Anthropology: Chapter 4
Anima
Animus
Archetypes
Bricolage
The altruistic and nurturing aspects of the complementary ete…
The protective and active/"aggressive" aspects of the eternal…
Not definable, static symbols transmitted as irrefragable sto…
Symbolic nuclei of shattered operations
Anima
The altruistic and nurturing aspects of the complementary ete…
Animus
The protective and active/"aggressive" aspects of the eternal…
32 terms
Chapter 4 Anthropology Terms
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological species concept
Allopatric speciation
How populations change under the influence of natural selecti…
How new species and higher taxa are created; evolution of new…
Defines a species as a group of interbreeding organisms that…
When a population is divided by some type of barrier and diff…
Microevolution
How populations change under the influence of natural selecti…
Macroevolution
How new species and higher taxa are created; evolution of new…
13 terms
Anthropology: Chapter 4 Terms
Transhumance
Bride Wealth
Genitor
Pater
Seasonal movements of livestock to different environmental zo…
Goods (livestock) transferred from the family of the groom to…
Biological father of child
Culturally legitimate father of child
Transhumance
Seasonal movements of livestock to different environmental zo…
Bride Wealth
Goods (livestock) transferred from the family of the groom to…
16 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4 Vocab
Paleontology
remote sensing
fossils
systematic survey
study of ancient life through the fossil record
use of aerial photos an satellite images to locate sites on t…
remains of ancient life
study of settlement patterns over a large area; provides a re…
Paleontology
study of ancient life through the fossil record
remote sensing
use of aerial photos an satellite images to locate sites on t…
21 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
homology
analogy
Strepsirhini
Lemurs
genetic inheritance due to common ancestry (human and platypu…
convergent evolution where two species with very different ev…
lemurs and lorises; wet nose
native only to madagascar
homology
genetic inheritance due to common ancestry (human and platypu…
analogy
convergent evolution where two species with very different ev…
38 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
deme
gene pool
reproductive isolation
microevolution
a local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
all the genetic information in the breeding population
Any circumstance that prevents two populations from interbree…
Small-scale evolution such as changes in allele frequency tha…
deme
a local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
gene pool
all the genetic information in the breeding population
14 terms
chapter 4 anthropology
microevolution
macroevolution
biological species concept
ecological species concept
How populations change under the influence of natural selecti…
how new species (and higher taxa) come to be
A species is a group of interbreeding organisms that are repr…
Natural selection plays an important role in maintaining diff…
microevolution
How populations change under the influence of natural selecti…
macroevolution
how new species (and higher taxa) come to be
29 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4 Terms
Species
Primate
Genome
The smallest working units in biological classificatory syste…
A subgroup of mammals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, ta…
The genetic design of a species with its complex set of DNA.
Species
The smallest working units in biological classificatory syste…
Primate
A subgroup of mammals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, ta…
21 terms
Chapter 4 - Gene Function
genes
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
alkaptonuria
phenylketonuria (PKU)
-linear strings DNA sequences, usually around 20,000 nucleoti…
-Garrod's hypothesis ... -certain defects in metabolic pathways…
-recessive trait, results in black urine, caused by defect in…
-1/12000 Caucasian births... -recessive mutation of gene for phe…
genes
-linear strings DNA sequences, usually around 20,000 nucleoti…
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
-Garrod's hypothesis ... -certain defects in metabolic pathways…
29 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
Language
Productivity
Displacement
Descriptive Linguistics
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
The ability to use words to refer to objects not immediately…
The study of the sounds, symbols, and gestures of a language,…
Language
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
Productivity
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
22 terms
Cultural Anthropology: Chapter 4
Language
Productivity
Displacement
Descriptive linguistics
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
The ability to use words to refer to objects not immediately…
The study of the sounds, symbols, and gestures of a language,…
Language
A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbol…
Productivity
The linguistic ability to use known words to invent new word…
Anthropology Chapter 4
Population Genetics
Breeding Isolates
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Biological Determinism
The study of the frequency of alleles genotypes and phenotype…
Populations that are clearly isolated geographically and/or s…
The Mathematical relationship expressing-under conditions in…
The concept that phenomena, including various aspects of beha…
Population Genetics
The study of the frequency of alleles genotypes and phenotype…
Breeding Isolates
Populations that are clearly isolated geographically and/or s…
16 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
symbol
primate
ecofact
protocultural
something that stands for something else
a large-brained, mostly tree dwelling mammal with 3D color vi…
unmodified natural object used as a tool
a behavior having most but not all characteristics of a cultu…
symbol
something that stands for something else
primate
a large-brained, mostly tree dwelling mammal with 3D color vi…
18 terms
ANTHROPOLOGY CHAPTER 4
Fieldwork
Participant Observation
Informants
Intersubjectivity
long-term immersion in a community
key element of anthropological fieldwork. It is a systematic…
the people from whom he or she gathers information
knowledge about other people emerges out of relationships ind…
Fieldwork
long-term immersion in a community
Participant Observation
key element of anthropological fieldwork. It is a systematic…
11 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4: Language
Language
Linguistics
Design features
Phonemes
The system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our ex…
Study of language
Characteristics of language that differentiate it from animal…
Basic unit of sound characteristic of a language and come tog…
Language
The system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our ex…
Linguistics
Study of language
18 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4
What is language?
Enculturation Process
Call System
Phoneme
Human language is a system of symbols enable humans to transm…
-Prepares us to function as a member of society... -To learn the…
--Animals call systems are limited or ('closed')... --While huma…
A unit of sound in a language
What is language?
Human language is a system of symbols enable humans to transm…
Enculturation Process
-Prepares us to function as a member of society... -To learn the…
22 terms
Anthro Chapter 4 (Genes and their Evolution)
deme
gene pool
reproductive isolation
microevolution
A local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
All the genetic information in the breeding population.
Any mechanism that prevents two populations from interbreedin…
Small-scale evolution, such as changes in allele frequency, t…
deme
A local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
gene pool
All the genetic information in the breeding population.
28 terms
Chapter 4 Anthropology Terms
Gregor Mendel
Mendelian Traits
Principle of Segrigation
Dominant and Recessive
discovered basic principles of heredity, crossed pea plants
are controlled by alleles at only one genetic locus
Genes (alleles) occur in pairs because chromosomes occur in p…
Dominant alleles prevent the expression of recessive alleles…
Gregor Mendel
discovered basic principles of heredity, crossed pea plants
Mendelian Traits
are controlled by alleles at only one genetic locus
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