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Study sets matching "genes chapter 4"

18 terms
Chapter 4 Genes Vocab
gene
alleles
dominant allele
recessive allele
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
are symbols that represent a gene
when there are different types of alleles
two individual alleles
gene
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
alleles
are symbols that represent a gene
44 terms
Chapter 4 (Cells and Genes)
proteins
enzymes
how many different kinds of amino acid…
proteins are also called _____________…
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
20
proteins are also called polypeptides.
proteins
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
enzymes
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Genes Vocab
gene
alleles
dominant allele
recessive allele
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
are symbols that represent a gene
when there are different types of alleles
two individual alleles
gene
when a unit is transformed form a parent to an offspring. it…
alleles
are symbols that represent a gene
34 terms
Chapter 4 Genes
Genes
Nucleotide sequence
polypeptides
Proteins
segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
functions as blueprint that directs the cell to build a polyp…
fold on themselves to produce a protein
give cells nearly all of their genetically determined charact…
Genes
segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Nucleotide sequence
functions as blueprint that directs the cell to build a polyp…
169 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Genetic Diseases
genes
Genes are composed of sequences of
Most important constituents of DNA is…
DNA subunit or nucleotide contains
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
nitrogenous bases, A, C, G, T.... Physical structure = a double…
- on pentose sugar (deoxyribose... > one phosphate groups... > One…
genes
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
Genes are composed of sequences of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
95 terms
Chapter 4 - genes
complementary base pair
nucleotide
codon
DNA polymerase
A+T ; C+G
one pentose sugar, one phosphate group, one base
3 bases to direct amino acid production
add new nucleotides and "proof" new protein
complementary base pair
A+T ; C+G
nucleotide
one pentose sugar, one phosphate group, one base
13 terms
Chapter 4 - DNA - Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotides
complementary bases
double helix
hereditary material that controls all the activities of a cel…
makes up DNC; consists of three different types of material :…
Four bases are adenine (A) and thymine (T), and guanine (G) a…
shape of DNA, like a twisted ladder or spiral
DNA
hereditary material that controls all the activities of a cel…
nucleotides
makes up DNC; consists of three different types of material :…
31 terms
Chapter 4: Genes
gene
genome
20, 000
3,000
a segment of DNA coding for the synthesis of a specific prote…
all the genes of one person
how many genes do humans have
how many bases long are genes on average
gene
a segment of DNA coding for the synthesis of a specific prote…
genome
all the genes of one person
45 terms
Genes (Chapter 4)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertizilation
passing physical traits to an offspring
each different form of an allele
the study of heredity
joining of sperm and egg
Heredity
passing physical traits to an offspring
Trait
each different form of an allele
16 terms
Chapter 4 DNA & Genes
Rosalind Franklin
DNA
Gene
Double Helix
Female scientist that helped discover the structure of DNA th…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Instructions that code for a specific trait or protein
Twisted Ladder
Rosalind Franklin
Female scientist that helped discover the structure of DNA th…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
14 terms
Chapter 4 Genes and DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
Ribosome
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that contains the informati…
a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrog…
ribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living ce…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that contains the informati…
Nucleotide
a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrog…
67 terms
Chapter 4 :Genes and Behaviour
Genotype:
Phenotype:
Chromosome
how many chromosomes does each cell ha…
:Specific genetic makeup of an idividual
:Resulting characteristics/ behaviour caused by their genotype
:tightly coiled molecule of DNA, carriers genes
46 chromosomes
Genotype:
:Specific genetic makeup of an idividual
Phenotype:
:Resulting characteristics/ behaviour caused by their genotype
25 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and DNA
Subunits of DNA are called________.
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Chargaff
Franklin
nucleotides
Sugar, phosphate, base
Found the amount of thymine allows equal the amount of adenin…
Used x-ray diffraction to discover that DNA has a spiral shape.
Subunits of DNA are called________.
nucleotides
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Sugar, phosphate, base
87 terms
Chapter 4: genes/genetic diseases
what are the components of a nucleotide
what are the different nitrogenous bas…
codon
what does DNA polymerase do?
-one pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... -one phosphate group... -one ni…
cytosine, thymine, adenine, guanine, uracil (RNA)... A-T... A-U... C-G
sequence of 3 bases
-pairs the complementary bases during replication... -proofreads…
what are the components of a nucleotide
-one pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... -one phosphate group... -one ni…
what are the different nitrogenous bas…
cytosine, thymine, adenine, guanine, uracil (RNA)... A-T... A-U... C-G
chapter 4 psy (genes)
aggression
X chromosome
Y chromosome
testosterone
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
the sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have…
the sex chromosome found only in males. when paired with an X…
the most important of the male sex hormones. both male and fe…
aggression
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
X chromosome
the sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have…
169 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Genetic Diseases
genes
Genes are composed of sequences of
Most important constituents of DNA is…
DNA subunit or nucleotide contains
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
nitrogenous bases, A, C, G, T.... Physical structure = a double…
- on pentose sugar (deoxyribose... > one phosphate groups... > One…
genes
basic units of inheritance, composed of DNA, located on the c…
Genes are composed of sequences of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); a primary constituent of chromos…
29 terms
GENE 3200 Chapter 4
sexual reproduction
Characteristics of sexual reproduction
dioecious
monoecious
the mixing of genomes via meiosis and fusion of gametes
1. Provides essential genetic variation... 2. Many unicellular o…
either male or female reproductive structures in one organism
both male and female reproductive structures are present in t…
sexual reproduction
the mixing of genomes via meiosis and fusion of gametes
Characteristics of sexual reproduction
1. Provides essential genetic variation... 2. Many unicellular o…
18 terms
Chapter 4: Inheritance Patterns of Single Genes and Gene Interaction
gene interaction
incomplete dominance
co-dominance
single-gene trait
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
3 or more variants in a population ... ex: blood type
example of co-dominance; describes inherited variation of a g…
gene interaction
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
incomplete dominance
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Inheritance Patterns of Single Genes and Gene Interaction
gene interaction
incomplete dominance
co-dominance
single-gene trait
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
3 or more variants in a population ... ex: blood type
example of co-dominance; describes inherited variation of a g…
gene interaction
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
incomplete dominance
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
18 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Heredity
Allele
Dominant allele
Recessive allele
P1 generation
two or more alternate forms of a gene
allele that is always expressed in the offspring
allele that is rarely expressed except when paired paired wit…
parental generation
Allele
two or more alternate forms of a gene
Dominant allele
allele that is always expressed in the offspring
25 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and DNA
Subunits of DNA are called________.
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Chargaff
Franklin
nucleotides
Sugar, phosphate, base
Found the amount of thymine allows equal the amount of adenin…
Used x-ray diffraction to discover that DNA has a spiral shape.
Subunits of DNA are called________.
nucleotides
Each nucleotide consists of a ______,_…
Sugar, phosphate, base
21 terms
Chapter 4 - Gene Function
genes
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
alkaptonuria
phenylketonuria (PKU)
-linear strings DNA sequences, usually around 20,000 nucleoti…
-Garrod's hypothesis ... -certain defects in metabolic pathways…
-recessive trait, results in black urine, caused by defect in…
-1/12000 Caucasian births... -recessive mutation of gene for phe…
genes
-linear strings DNA sequences, usually around 20,000 nucleoti…
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
-Garrod's hypothesis ... -certain defects in metabolic pathways…
Genes Chapter 4 Lesson 1
Heredity
Genetics
Mendel
Dominant
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
The study of how traits of organisms are passed from parents…
Used true-breeding plants for each trait.
A genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Genetics
The study of how traits of organisms are passed from parents…
Chapter 4 Genes and DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
ribosome
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
ribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living ce…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
Nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Genes Chapter 4 Lesson 2
Punnet Square
Pedigrees
incomplete dominance
codominance
A model used to predict possible genotypes and phenotypes of…
Shows genetic traits that were inherited by members of a fami…
when a phenotype is a blend of both parents
when both alleles can be observed in a phenotype
Punnet Square
A model used to predict possible genotypes and phenotypes of…
Pedigrees
Shows genetic traits that were inherited by members of a fami…
25 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and the History of Molecular Biology
Charles Darwin
GREGOR MANDEL
Genetics
Gene
Mid-1800s: introduced REVOLUTIONARY new thinking into biology…
Modern genetics; inheritance in pea plants by crossbreeding;…
Scientific study of inheritance acquired the name
Fundamental unit of heredity; a unit of heredity that is tran…
Charles Darwin
Mid-1800s: introduced REVOLUTIONARY new thinking into biology…
GREGOR MANDEL
Modern genetics; inheritance in pea plants by crossbreeding;…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
If humans continue down their evolutio…
When individuals of the same species a…
This figure shows significant genetic…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
False
Macroevolution
macroevolution.
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
If humans continue down their evolutio…
False
14 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Genes
Chromosomes
DNA
Alleles
Blueprint of how we are planned to grow and develop
Where genes are stored. 46 total (23 pairs), where 1 determin…
Chromosomes are made up of this, provides instructions to mak…
Different forms of genes
Genes
Blueprint of how we are planned to grow and develop
Chromosomes
Where genes are stored. 46 total (23 pairs), where 1 determin…
45 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Chromosomes
What is a chromosome? How do they diff…
What is a somatic cell?
What is a germ cell?
What is the general purpose of S phase…
A chromosome is a physical package of continuous DNA. In bact…
A non-germline cell.
A cell that can produce gametes.
DNA replication
What is a chromosome? How do they diff…
A chromosome is a physical package of continuous DNA. In bact…
What is a somatic cell?
A non-germline cell.
16 terms
Science - Chapter 4 - Genes and Gene Technology - Vocab
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
hereditary material that controls all the activities in the c…
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, phosphate, and one of…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
DNA
hereditary material that controls all the activities in the c…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, phosphate, and one of…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
If humans continue down their evolutio…
When individuals of the same species a…
This figure shows significant genetic…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
False
Macroevolution
macroevolution.
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
If humans continue down their evolutio…
False
20 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
If humans continue down their evolutio…
When individuals of the same species a…
This figure shows significant genetic…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
False
Macroevolution
macroevolution.
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
If humans continue down their evolutio…
False
49 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Chromosomes
True or false: Chromosome number has n…
How many base pairs are in a kilobase?
How many base pairs are in a megabase?
What is Heterochromatin?
True
1,000
1 million
Compact, heavily-staining chromosome regions rich in satellit…
True or false: Chromosome number has n…
True
How many base pairs are in a kilobase?
1,000
20 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Evolution
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
If humans continue down their evolutio…
When individuals of the same species a…
This figure shows significant genetic…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
False
Macroevolution
macroevolution.
Using church records in a remote Swedi…
They would be generally healthier and live longer
If humans continue down their evolutio…
False
31 terms
Chapter 4 - Genes, Evolution, and Behaviour
Genotype
Phenotype
Chromosome
Genes
specific genetic makeup of an individual
observable characteristics produced by genotype
tightly coiled molecule of DNA that is partly covered by prot…
the DNA portion of the chromosome that carries the hereditary…
Genotype
specific genetic makeup of an individual
Phenotype
observable characteristics produced by genotype
33 terms
Chapter 4: Genes, Environment, and Behavior
genetic determinism
Nature
Nurture
Trait
The belief that genes determine everything about us, includin…
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
A physical or behavioral characteristic feature displayed by…
genetic determinism
The belief that genes determine everything about us, includin…
Nature
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
21 terms
Science Chapter 4 Genes & Heredity
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A specific characteristic that and organism can pass to its o…
The scientific study of heredity.
The process in sexual reproduction in which an egg cell and a…
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
trait
A specific characteristic that and organism can pass to its o…
26 terms
chapter 4 genes and their evolution
deme
gene pool
reproductive isolation
microevoltuion
members of a species that produce offspring
all genetic material in a population
2 populations are reproductively isolated members of one can…
allele frequency change that occurs from one generation to th…
deme
members of a species that produce offspring
gene pool
all genetic material in a population
38 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Their Evolution
Deme
Gene Pool
Reproductive Isolation
Microevolution
A local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
All the genetic information in the breeding population
Any circumstance that prevents two populations from interbree…
Small-scale evolution, such as changes in allele frequency, t…
Deme
A local population of organisms that have similar genes, inte…
Gene Pool
All the genetic information in the breeding population
37 terms
Chapter 4 Chromosomes, Genes, and Genomes
anticodon
bacteriophage
central dogma
chromosome
a three-base sequence on the tRNA molecule that binds to the…
a virus that infects and replicates within bacterial cells
the doctrine that DNA codes for RNA through transcription and…
a structure in the nucleoid or cell nucleus that carries here…
anticodon
a three-base sequence on the tRNA molecule that binds to the…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects and replicates within bacterial cells
6 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Genetic Diseases
Sex-limited trait
Sex-influenced trait
Polyploid
Aneuploid cells
A trait that can only occur in one of the sexes.
A trait that occurs more often in one sex than in the other.
Cells that contain more than two sets of chromosomes (diploid…
Cells that do not have multiples of 23 chromosomes, they are…
Sex-limited trait
A trait that can only occur in one of the sexes.
Sex-influenced trait
A trait that occurs more often in one sex than in the other.
9 terms
Chapter 4: Genes, Environment, & Behavior
Genetic Determinism
Nature
Nurture
Trait
The belief that genes determine everything about us, includin…
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
A physical or behavioral characteristic feature displayed by…
Genetic Determinism
The belief that genes determine everything about us, includin…
Nature
One side of a philosophical debate that attributes our behavi…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Inheritance Patterns of Single Genes and Gene Interaction
gene interaction
incomplete dominance
co-dominance
single-gene trait
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
3 or more variants in a population ... ex: blood type
example of co-dominance; describes inherited variation of a g…
gene interaction
collaboration of multiple genes in the production of a single…
incomplete dominance
heterozygote has intermediate phenotype; neither allele is do…
13 terms
Chapter 4: Chromosomes, Genes, and Genomics
Gregor Mendel
Heredity
Thomas Morgan
Genes
studied blood relations and pea plants to test ideas of inher…
how genetic traits are transmitted from one generation to ano…
experimented with fruit flies and helped provide the first ev…
hereditary units on a chromosome and represented separate seg…
Gregor Mendel
studied blood relations and pea plants to test ideas of inher…
Heredity
how genetic traits are transmitted from one generation to ano…
27 terms
Chapter 4 - Genes and Their Evolution
Zenophobic
Clinal distribution
Genetic Diversity
Rwanda
Fear of the unknown
Of skin color on map... (If someone has a better way to explain…
More genetic diversity exists among a community of chimpanzee…
Twa... Hutu... Tutsi
Zenophobic
Fear of the unknown
Clinal distribution
Of skin color on map... (If someone has a better way to explain…
37 terms
Chapter 4 in A&P Genes
Gene
Genome
DNA Structure
Nucleotide
segement of DNA molecule that codes for a protein. humans hav…
all DNA in one 23-chromosome set. for each parent. 46 chromos…
Long thread like molecule. varied in lengh. DNA and other nuc…
consists of a sugar, phosphate group and nitrogenous base.... Pu…
Gene
segement of DNA molecule that codes for a protein. humans hav…
Genome
all DNA in one 23-chromosome set. for each parent. 46 chromos…
22 terms
Zipping up the Genes Chapter 4
Genetics
Traits
Social-cultural
Learning
Our genetic makeup
Viewed as a combination of genetics and things we've learned
The many roles one plays in life and norms set by society as…
Rewards and punishment
Genetics
Our genetic makeup
Traits
Viewed as a combination of genetics and things we've learned
38 terms
Chapter 4: Genes and Their Evolution
Abnormal Hemoglobin
Admixture
Anthropogenic
Balanced Polymorphism
Hemoglobin altered so that it is less efficient in binding to…
The exchange of genetic material between two or more populati…
Refers to any effect caused by humans
Situation in which selection maintains two or more phenotypes…
Abnormal Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin altered so that it is less efficient in binding to…
Admixture
The exchange of genetic material between two or more populati…
45 terms
Chapter 4: DNA and RNA and the Flow of Genes
RNA has an OH group attached to the th…
Translation
DNA
RNA
What is the difference between DNA and RNA?
What process comes after transcription?
What is the name for the structure:
What is the name for the structure:
RNA has an OH group attached to the th…
What is the difference between DNA and RNA?
Translation
What process comes after transcription?
10 terms
Chapter 4: Gene Functions
How do spontaneous mutations arise?
Beadle and Tatum (1942)
What are the categories of conditional…
Heat-sensitive vs. Cold-sensitive
Many kinds of random events (hydrolysis, radiation, UV light,…
One gene, one enzyme hypothesis... - Devised a method to isolate…
1) Auxotrophic (new nutritional requirement for growth relati…
Heat-sensitive: high temp non-permissive... Cold-sensitive: low…
How do spontaneous mutations arise?
Many kinds of random events (hydrolysis, radiation, UV light,…
Beadle and Tatum (1942)
One gene, one enzyme hypothesis... - Devised a method to isolate…
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