Study sets matching "genes"

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Study sets matching "genes"

7 terms
Genes
Offspring
Heredity
Genes
Inherited Traits
A person's child or children; an animal's young
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
One of the parts of the cells of all living things. They are…
A physical characteristic or instinctive behavior that is pas…
Offspring
A person's child or children; an animal's young
Heredity
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
Genes
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
Peptidyl transferase
Introns
Exons
attaches correct amino acid to its tRNA
catalyses the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids
noncoding regions or intervening sequences of RNA
expressed regions of RNA
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
attaches correct amino acid to its tRNA
Peptidyl transferase
catalyses the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids
Genes
Allele
Homozygous
Hetrozygous
Genotype
Alternate forms of a gene
Identical alleles are present
2 different alleles are present
What alleles or genes you have
Allele
Alternate forms of a gene
Homozygous
Identical alleles are present
38 terms
Genes
Gene Expression
Knockout/null alleles
one-gene, one-enzyme hypothesis
Genes
the process of translating the information in ... DNA into funct…
What are non-functioning alleles called?
proposed that each gene contains the ... information needed to m…
contain the instructions for making proteins
Gene Expression
the process of translating the information in ... DNA into funct…
Knockout/null alleles
What are non-functioning alleles called?
GENES
Heredity
Genetic
Gregor Mendel
Self pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Scientific study of heredity
A monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity throug…
When pollin from the same plant arrives at its stigma
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetic
Scientific study of heredity
Genes
Dominant Trait
Inherited Trait
Acquired Trait
Recessive Trait
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to of…
a trait influenced by experience or the environment.
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
Dominant Trait
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
Inherited Trait
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to of…
25 terms
Genes
allele
pleiotropy
polygenetic
genes
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
one gene can have multiple alleles
multiple gene control one gene
unity of heredity; a discrete unit of hereditary information…
allele
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
pleiotropy
one gene can have multiple alleles
Genes
allele
heterozygous
homozygous
dominant
The different forms of a trait that a gene may have.
2 different alleles are inserted for a gene.
2 of the same alleles are inherited for a gene.
Alleles that seem to "cover up" other alleles that are inheri…
allele
The different forms of a trait that a gene may have.
heterozygous
2 different alleles are inserted for a gene.
27 terms
genes
Cells
Chromosomes
Genetic Information
Chromosomes in human body
everything is made up of cells and they contain a nucleus
structure of nuclei acids and proteins carrying genetic infor…
parts of building and operating instructions for entire organ…
46
Cells
everything is made up of cells and they contain a nucleus
Chromosomes
structure of nuclei acids and proteins carrying genetic infor…
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
12 terms
Genes
Gene
Trait
Allele
Homozygous
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
15 terms
Genes
gemone
genotype
DNA
gene splicing
that sum total of all the info encoded by an organisms DNA
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A type of gene recombination in which the DNA is intentionall…
gemone
that sum total of all the info encoded by an organisms DNA
genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Genes
Progeny
Allele
Hybrid
Principle of Dominance
a descendant or offspring, as a child, plant, or animal
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Breeding technique that involves tossing dissimilar individua…
Mendel's second conclusion, which states that alleles a are d…
Progeny
a descendant or offspring, as a child, plant, or animal
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
17 terms
Genes
G Protein coupled receptors do what?
Pharmaceuticals are the target of many…
G Proteins are located in what part of…
What disease relates to abnormally act…
Recognize go-signals (and other signals)
G Proteins
Plasma membrane
Cancer
G Protein coupled receptors do what?
Recognize go-signals (and other signals)
Pharmaceuticals are the target of many…
G Proteins
10 terms
genes
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Genes
Variations:
Population:
Single-celled :
Multi-celled:
Differences within a population
Members of the same species living in the same environment.
One celled organisms; were first forms of life to appear on E…
Organisms composed of more than one cell; evolved from unicel…
Variations:
Differences within a population
Population:
Members of the same species living in the same environment.
12 terms
Genes
Amino acid
Watson and Crick
Gene activation when the product is ne…
amino acid sequence
The nucleotide sequence of a gene determines what sequence?
What 2 strands contain genes?
Each gene contains info to ensure the cell will do what 2 thi…
What do exons determine?
Amino acid
The nucleotide sequence of a gene determines what sequence?
Watson and Crick
What 2 strands contain genes?
37 terms
genes
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
DNA structure
Role of DNA
The two nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) and…
Nucleotides are made up of a nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon sug…
DNA is twisted into a double-helix shape. The 5-carbon sugar,…
DNA contains instructions for building the structures and con…
Nucleic Acids
The two nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) and…
Nucleotides
Nucleotides are made up of a nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon sug…
66 terms
Genes
evolution
allele frequencies
population
gene pool
change in allele frequencies across generations
relative proportions of dominant and recessive alleles in a p…
-a group of interbreeding individuals and their offspring (po…
all eggs and sperm produced by adults in a population
evolution
change in allele frequencies across generations
allele frequencies
relative proportions of dominant and recessive alleles in a p…
10 terms
Genes
Operon
Each cell contains a ________ of info,…
Gene Regulation
Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes
Region of DNA that consists of one or more genes that encode…
Library, books
Genes are turned on when needed and turned off when not needed.
operon is turned on or off to affect function
Operon
Region of DNA that consists of one or more genes that encode…
Each cell contains a ________ of info,…
Library, books
Genes
Dominant Trait
Phenotype
Genotype
Gene
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Dominant Trait
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
Phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
65 terms
Genes
Something wrong with genes
Present at birth
Pairing of Genetic Material
These are important in many diseases
Genetic Disorders
Congenital
Alleles
Genes
Something wrong with genes
Genetic Disorders
Present at birth
Congenital
Genes
DNA
Adenine
Guanine
Thymine
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
Adenine
13 terms
Genes
Genes
Humans
DNA
Chromosome
Sections of chromosomes that make heredity.
Each person has 20,000 genes.
Molecule containing chemical instructions for cells to make D…
Coiled ribbon of DNA.
Genes
Sections of chromosomes that make heredity.
Humans
Each person has 20,000 genes.
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Genes
Phenotype
Genetics
Heterozygous
Genetic engineering
Physical appearance of an organism
Study of how traits are inherited
Two different alleles for a trait (Tt)
Technology for changing a mutated gene
Phenotype
Physical appearance of an organism
Genetics
Study of how traits are inherited
14 terms
Genes
Genetic
Gene
Heredity
Trait
The study of gene-what they are and how they work
Controls how living organism inherit feature from their ances…
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A feature of living thing
Genetic
The study of gene-what they are and how they work
Gene
Controls how living organism inherit feature from their ances…
Genes
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
Genotype
Variation of a particular gene
Always expressed
NOT expressed
Diploid genetic formula
Allele
Variation of a particular gene
Dominant
Always expressed
10 terms
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Offspring
Gene
The nucleus is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Inside…
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offsp…
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Cell nucleus
The nucleus is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Inside…
Asexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offsp…
Genes
Dominant
Gene
heredity
trait
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when it…
The set of information that controls a trait; code in the DNA.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A characteristic that an organism can pass to offspring throu…
Dominant
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when it…
Gene
The set of information that controls a trait; code in the DNA.
10 terms
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Offspring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
Asexual reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
genes
Gene flow
Genetic drift
gene pool
Hardy Weinberg principle
Movement of alleles from one population to another
Random events that affect the genetic makeup of a population
all of the alleles of all individuals in a population
used to describe a non-evolving population
Gene flow
Movement of alleles from one population to another
Genetic drift
Random events that affect the genetic makeup of a population
GENES
Heredity
Genetic
Gregor Mendel
Gene
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Scientific study of heredity
A monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity throug…
A segment of DNA
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetic
Scientific study of heredity
10 terms
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Off-spring
Gene
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
the reproduced young of a particular person, animal or plant
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Cell nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
10 terms
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Offspring
Gene
control center of the cell
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Children or young of a person, animal, or plant
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Cell nucleus
control center of the cell
Asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Genes
DNA
Cell
Nucelus
Chromosomes
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
10 terms
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Off spring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Proli... New living things that parents produce or the young of…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
Asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Genes
Gene expression
What do genes do?
Infer what a particular gene does
Knock-out, null, or loss-of-function a…
the process of translating the information in DNA into functi…
genes carry the instructions for making and maintaining an in…
George beadle and edward tatum proposed damaging a gene, crea…
Nonfunctioning alleles.
Gene expression
the process of translating the information in DNA into functi…
What do genes do?
genes carry the instructions for making and maintaining an in…
10 terms
GENES
Cell Nucleus
Asexual Reproduction
Offspring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell Nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
Asexual Reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
genes
Heredity
Trait
Dominant
Recessive
passing on of traits from one generation to the next
specific characteristic that is unique
always expressed
covered up or seems to disapper
Heredity
passing on of traits from one generation to the next
Trait
specific characteristic that is unique
Genes
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
...
...
...
...
1st
...
2nd
...
Genes
Inherited Traits
Genes
Learned Behaviors
Multicellular
Passed down from parents (hair color, face shape)
In your cells, tell your cell to make certain traits for your…
Things you have developed the ability to do since birth
Living things that are made up of many different cells/body s…
Inherited Traits
Passed down from parents (hair color, face shape)
Genes
In your cells, tell your cell to make certain traits for your…
8 terms
Genes
Fertilization
Mutation
Cell division
Trait
When the sperm and egg meet
Change in the DNA sequence to some new form
When cells split to make more a new cells
Characteristics that can be inherited or acquired
Fertilization
When the sperm and egg meet
Mutation
Change in the DNA sequence to some new form
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Genes
Alleles
Homozygous
Hetrozygous
Phenotype
The various forms of the genes
An organism with two alleles that are the same "RR"
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Physical characteristics or appearance of an organism
Alleles
The various forms of the genes
Homozygous
An organism with two alleles that are the same "RR"
Genes
punnett square
genetics
alleles
dominant
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
The scientific study of heredity
Different forms of a gene
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
10 terms
Genes
Dominant
Recessive
Traits
Alleles
The trait expressed- represented with a capital letter.
The trait that is "hidden"- expressed with a low case letter.
The specific characteristic- height, hair color, etc.
The gene for a specific trait- blue, green, yellow.
Dominant
The trait expressed- represented with a capital letter.
Recessive
The trait that is "hidden"- expressed with a low case letter.
7 terms
Genes
Grandparents
Alike
Gene
Family
The father or mother of one of your parents.
...same as
Part of a cell that controls the appearance or growth of a li…
...People who are related to you and love you.
Grandparents
The father or mother of one of your parents.
Alike
...same as
GENES
trait
gene
allele
genotype
a specific adaptation that a species has in order to survive
hereditary trait that is passed down through generations
variant of a gene, different from of a trait
genetic makeup of an individual organism
trait
a specific adaptation that a species has in order to survive
gene
hereditary trait that is passed down through generations
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