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Study sets matching "genes"

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Study sets matching "genes"

24 terms
Genes
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
Peptidyl transferase
Introns
Exons
attaches correct amino acid to its tRNA
catalyses the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids
noncoding regions or intervening sequences of RNA
expressed regions of RNA
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
attaches correct amino acid to its tRNA
Peptidyl transferase
catalyses the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids
25 terms
Genes
Progeny
Allele
Hybrid
Principle of Dominance
a descendant or offspring, as a child, plant, or animal
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Breeding technique that involves tossing dissimilar individua…
Mendel's second conclusion, which states that alleles a are d…
Progeny
a descendant or offspring, as a child, plant, or animal
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
13 terms
Genes
Allele
Homozygous
Hetrozygous
Genotype
Alternate forms of a gene
Identical alleles are present
2 different alleles are present
What alleles or genes you have
Allele
Alternate forms of a gene
Homozygous
Identical alleles are present
38 terms
Genes
Gene Expression
Knockout/null alleles
one-gene, one-enzyme hypothesis
Genes
the process of translating the information in ... DNA into funct…
What are non-functioning alleles called?
proposed that each gene contains the ... information needed to m…
contain the instructions for making proteins
Gene Expression
the process of translating the information in ... DNA into funct…
Knockout/null alleles
What are non-functioning alleles called?
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
25 terms
Genes
allele
pleiotropy
polygenetic
genes
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
one gene can have multiple alleles
multiple gene control one gene
unity of heredity; a discrete unit of hereditary information…
allele
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
pleiotropy
one gene can have multiple alleles
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
26 terms
GENES
Heredity
Genetic
Gregor Mendel
Self pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Scientific study of heredity
A monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity throug…
When pollin from the same plant arrives at its stigma
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetic
Scientific study of heredity
12 terms
Genes
Dominant Trait
Inherited Trait
Acquired Trait
Recessive Trait
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to of…
a trait influenced by experience or the environment.
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
Dominant Trait
Genetic trait that is represented with a capital letter and w…
Inherited Trait
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to of…
55 terms
Genes
DNA
Adenine
Guanine
Thymine
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
Adenine
15 terms
Genes
gemone
genotype
DNA
gene splicing
that sum total of all the info encoded by an organisms DNA
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A type of gene recombination in which the DNA is intentionall…
gemone
that sum total of all the info encoded by an organisms DNA
genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
13 terms
Genes
allele
heterozygous
homozygous
dominant
The different forms of a trait that a gene may have.
2 different alleles are inserted for a gene.
2 of the same alleles are inherited for a gene.
Alleles that seem to "cover up" other alleles that are inheri…
allele
The different forms of a trait that a gene may have.
heterozygous
2 different alleles are inserted for a gene.
27 terms
genes
Cells
Chromosomes
Genetic Information
Chromosomes in human body
everything is made up of cells and they contain a nucleus
structure of nuclei acids and proteins carrying genetic infor…
parts of building and operating instructions for entire organ…
46
Cells
everything is made up of cells and they contain a nucleus
Chromosomes
structure of nuclei acids and proteins carrying genetic infor…
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
17 terms
Genes
G Protein coupled receptors do what?
Pharmaceuticals are the target of many…
G Proteins are located in what part of…
What disease relates to abnormally act…
Recognize go-signals (and other signals)
G Proteins
Plasma membrane
Cancer
G Protein coupled receptors do what?
Recognize go-signals (and other signals)
Pharmaceuticals are the target of many…
G Proteins
6 terms
Genes
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Chromatides
Contain instructions for each protein
Can be duplicated and separated, genetic material
A molecule of DNA contained in DNA
2 identical copies of the chromosome
Genes
Contain instructions for each protein
DNA
Can be duplicated and separated, genetic material
Genes
DNA
Cell
Nucelus
Chromosomes
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
24 terms
genes
punet squares
Genotype
phenotype
parent
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Any medication route outside the intestines or alimentary can…
punet squares
predict the outcome of genetic crosses
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
9 terms
Genes
Inherited Traits
Genes
Learned Behaviors
Multicellular
Passed down from parents (hair color, face shape)
In your cells, tell your cell to make certain traits for your…
Things you have developed the ability to do since birth
Living things that are made up of many different cells/body s…
Inherited Traits
Passed down from parents (hair color, face shape)
Genes
In your cells, tell your cell to make certain traits for your…
genes
Gene flow
Genetic drift
gene pool
Hardy Weinberg principle
Movement of alleles from one population to another
Random events that affect the genetic makeup of a population
all of the alleles of all individuals in a population
used to describe a non-evolving population
Gene flow
Movement of alleles from one population to another
Genetic drift
Random events that affect the genetic makeup of a population
17 terms
Genes
Gene
DNA
Bases
Triplet code - codon
Sequence of bases on a DNA molecule coding for a sequence of…
Deoxyribonucleic acid - long chain made of many units called…
Contains nitrogen and are bind to a phosphate group and a sug…
Serie of three bases coding an amino acid
Gene
Sequence of bases on a DNA molecule coding for a sequence of…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid - long chain made of many units called…
8 terms
Genes
Alleles
Homozygous
Hetrozygous
Phenotype
The various forms of the genes
An organism with two alleles that are the same "RR"
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Physical characteristics or appearance of an organism
Alleles
The various forms of the genes
Homozygous
An organism with two alleles that are the same "RR"
42 terms
Genes
Gene expression
What do genes do?
Infer what a particular gene does
Knock-out, null, or loss-of-function a…
the process of translating the information in DNA into functi…
genes carry the instructions for making and maintaining an in…
George beadle and edward tatum proposed damaging a gene, crea…
Nonfunctioning alleles.
Gene expression
the process of translating the information in DNA into functi…
What do genes do?
genes carry the instructions for making and maintaining an in…
11 terms
Genes
Genes
Inheritance
Chromosomes
Genes are made up of
Study of Genetics
Traits or characteristics passed down
Made up of genes
DNA
Genes
Study of Genetics
Inheritance
Traits or characteristics passed down
9 terms
Genes
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Homozygous Dominant
Capital letter the over powering gene
the less powering gene the lower case letter
Same ( both gene the same) ex. TT or tt
Both genes are dominant ex.TT
Dominant
Capital letter the over powering gene
Recessive
the less powering gene the lower case letter
37 terms
genes
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
DNA structure
Role of DNA
The two nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) and…
Nucleotides are made up of a nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon sug…
DNA is twisted into a double-helix shape. The 5-carbon sugar,…
DNA contains instructions for building the structures and con…
Nucleic Acids
The two nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) and…
Nucleotides
Nucleotides are made up of a nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon sug…
16 terms
Genes
Trait
Hybrid
Gene
Allele
A physical characteristic passed down from bio mom and/or dad
Parent with both forms of a gene ... A Dominant allele and Reces…
Specific section of DNA
Specific form of a gene
Trait
A physical characteristic passed down from bio mom and/or dad
Hybrid
Parent with both forms of a gene ... A Dominant allele and Reces…
13 terms
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Genes
Alleles
Is inside the nucleus and are a long strand substance.
Are in the nucleus and there are often 2 chromosomes. Chromos…
Divide chromosomes up. Every gene does a particular job. Many…
Are different forms of the same gene.
DNA
Is inside the nucleus and are a long strand substance.
Chromosomes
Are in the nucleus and there are often 2 chromosomes. Chromos…
13 terms
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Genes
Alleles
Is inside the nucleus and are a long strand substance.
Are in the nucleus and there are often 2 chromosomes. Chromos…
Divide chromosomes up. Every gene does a particular job. Many…
Are different forms of the same gene.
DNA
Is inside the nucleus and are a long strand substance.
Chromosomes
Are in the nucleus and there are often 2 chromosomes. Chromos…
10 terms
genes
genes
mutations
recisiv
phenotype
Factors that control traits
A change in the nucleotide sequence of an organism's DNA, ult…
A type of gene that gets passed down from generation to gener…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
genes
Factors that control traits
mutations
A change in the nucleotide sequence of an organism's DNA, ult…
genes
Phenotype
Genotype
Allele
Homozygous
physical trait ... eye color
letter that represent the trait for an organism... Aa BB Bb
genes
same letter ... RR
Phenotype
physical trait ... eye color
Genotype
letter that represent the trait for an organism... Aa BB Bb
9 terms
Genes !
Genes
Chromosome
Inherited Traits
Recessive
Physical Unit of Heredity Form From DNA , Located on the Chro…
Self - Replicating genetic Structure of Cells
Are Those that are Passed from Parent Of Offspring. ... ( Ex : H…
Will Only Be Express If Two Traits are Represented by Capital…
Genes
Physical Unit of Heredity Form From DNA , Located on the Chro…
Chromosome
Self - Replicating genetic Structure of Cells
37 terms
Genes
Trait
Allele
Dominant
Genetics
Is a specific characteristic that is unique and affects our l…
Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a gi…
In a pair of alleles, the one that is masked if a dominant al…
The scientific study of heredity
Trait
Is a specific characteristic that is unique and affects our l…
Allele
Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a gi…
15 terms
GENES
Gene
Chromosome
Dominant gene
Recessive gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that carries information spe…
A structure that carries all genetic information and that is…
A stronger gene that will take over and be expressed when mix…
A weaker gene that will not be expressed unless paired by the…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that carries information spe…
Chromosome
A structure that carries all genetic information and that is…
21 terms
Genes
Genetics
Heredity
Self-fertilized
Cross-fertilized
Study of heredity
Th passing of traits from parents
One parents
Two parent
Genetics
Study of heredity
Heredity
Th passing of traits from parents
14 terms
Genes
Genetic
Gene
Heredity
Trait
The study of gene-what they are and how they work
Controls how living organism inherit feature from their ances…
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A feature of living thing
Genetic
The study of gene-what they are and how they work
Gene
Controls how living organism inherit feature from their ances…
8 terms
Genes
Variations:
Population:
Single-celled :
Multi-celled:
Differences within a population
Members of the same species living in the same environment.
One celled organisms; were first forms of life to appear on E…
Organisms composed of more than one cell; evolved from unicel…
Variations:
Differences within a population
Population:
Members of the same species living in the same environment.
23 terms
Genes
genes
trait
black
DNA
hold the information to build and maintain cells through DNA
Each physical _______ has it's own genes.
Genes can cause you to have ______, red, or even a bald head.
All of an organism's genes put together
genes
hold the information to build and maintain cells through DNA
trait
Each physical _______ has it's own genes.
26 terms
GENES
Heredity
Genetic
Gregor Mendel
Self pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Scientific study of heredity
A monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity throug…
When pollin from the same plant arrives at its stigma
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetic
Scientific study of heredity
10 terms
Genes
Dominant
Recessive
Traits
Alleles
The trait expressed- represented with a capital letter.
The trait that is "hidden"- expressed with a low case letter.
The specific characteristic- height, hair color, etc.
The gene for a specific trait- blue, green, yellow.
Dominant
The trait expressed- represented with a capital letter.
Recessive
The trait that is "hidden"- expressed with a low case letter.
8 terms
Genes
Fertilization
Mutation
Cell division
Trait
When the sperm and egg meet
Change in the DNA sequence to some new form
When cells split to make more a new cells
Characteristics that can be inherited or acquired
Fertilization
When the sperm and egg meet
Mutation
Change in the DNA sequence to some new form
21 terms
Genes
Allele
Base sequence
Chromosome
Deletion
one of the possible alternatives of a gene, occupying a speci…
the order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule.
a structure within the cell that bears the genetic material a…
a type of chromosomal aberration in which a segment of the ch…
Allele
one of the possible alternatives of a gene, occupying a speci…
Base sequence
the order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule.
25 terms
Genes
allele
pleiotropy
polygenetic
genes
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
one gene can have multiple alleles
multiple gene control one gene
unity of heredity; a discrete unit of hereditary information…
allele
(A, a) any of the alternative versions of a gene that may pro…
pleiotropy
one gene can have multiple alleles
11 terms
Genes
Gene
Characteristic
Genetic Trait
Genotype
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
a feature of an organism; something you can observe about an…
a genetically determined condition or characteristic
internal genetic coding passed on from one generation to the…
Gene
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Characteristic
a feature of an organism; something you can observe about an…
10 terms
genes
genes
inherited traits
learned traits/acquired traits
gregor mendel
genes
inherited traits
10 terms
genes
allele
heredity
dominant
genotype
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene
the passing of charecteristics from a parent to a child
more importent or powerful
the genetic constutotan of an orginiam
allele
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene
heredity
the passing of charecteristics from a parent to a child
10 terms
Genes
Genotype
Phenotype
Gamete
Homozygous
THe alleles possessed by an organism
The characteristics of an organism
Is a sex cell
Having two identical alleles of a gene
Genotype
THe alleles possessed by an organism
Phenotype
The characteristics of an organism
10 terms
Genes
Genes
DNA
Dominant
Recessive
A segment of DNA that controls some of how a cell or living t…
Substance that carries information about an organisms traits,…
More Powerful
Weaker
Genes
A segment of DNA that controls some of how a cell or living t…
DNA
Substance that carries information about an organisms traits,…
12 terms
GENES
genetics
genes
Genotype
phenotype
study of genes
what makes traits
genetic makeup
how someone appears
genetics
study of genes
genes
what makes traits
9 terms
Genes
alleles
asexual reproduction
dominant
genes
different version of gene (B or b)
1 organism producing offspring identical to itself (same DNA)…
Shows if there °BB or bb
Segments (parts) of DNA on chromosomes
alleles
different version of gene (B or b)
asexual reproduction
1 organism producing offspring identical to itself (same DNA)…
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