Study sets matching "genetic engineering"

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Study sets matching "genetic engineering"

11 terms
genetic engineering
cutting dna
genetic engineering
increasing variations
hybridization
-cut them into smaller fragments using restriction enzymes... -c…
make changes in the dna code of a living organism
-polyploidy in animals is usually fatal... -including mutations…
-crossing of dissimilar individuals ... -crosses are often hardi…
cutting dna
-cut them into smaller fragments using restriction enzymes... -c…
genetic engineering
make changes in the dna code of a living organism
7 terms
Genetic Engineering
Restriction enzymes
Restiction enzyme
ligase enzymes
recombinant DNA
DNA is cut out by what?
What enzyme is the vector DNA cut out with?
To join the DNA and vector DNA you use ...
When the two DNAs are joined they produce
Restriction enzymes
DNA is cut out by what?
Restiction enzyme
What enzyme is the vector DNA cut out with?
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an orga…
breeding two different varieties of a species to produce a si…
a breeding technique that involves crossing different individ…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
Genetic Engineering
the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an orga…
Selective Breeding
breeding two different varieties of a species to produce a si…
Genetic Engineering
Amino Acids
Anticodon
Base-pairing Rules
Codon
Building blocks of protein
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
A-T, C-G,
A group of three bases
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
human genome project
therapeutic cloning
DNA fingerprinting
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
projectthat located all the human genes
The insertion of normal genes in the human cells to correct g…
using DNA patterns to identify people
selective breeding
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
human genome project
projectthat located all the human genes
17 terms
Genetic engineering
Selective breeding
Human genome project
Therapeutic cloning
DNA fingerprinting
Process that involves selecting individuals with describable…
Project that located and mapped all the human genes
The insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct gen…
Using DNA patterns to identify people
Selective breeding
Process that involves selecting individuals with describable…
Human genome project
Project that located and mapped all the human genes
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Human Genome Project
Therapeutic cloning
DNA fingerprinting
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
project that located and mapped all the human genes
the insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct gen…
using DNA patterns to identify people
Selective Breeding
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Human Genome Project
project that located and mapped all the human genes
Genetic Engineering
above all
achievement
allegation
alleviate
par-dessus tout
exploit
accusation
soulager, apaiser
above all
par-dessus tout
achievement
exploit
Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecule that is artificially created by combining DNA fr…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
An intermediate host that transfer a pathogen/ parasites to a…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecule that is artificially created by combining DNA fr…
15 terms
genetic engineering
basics put simple
key to genetic engineering
restriction enzymes
ligase enzymes
sample from DNA organism A and a sample from DNA organism B t…
there is a universal with A, T, C, & G so there can be all so…
these enzymes cut DNA. cuts at a unique DNA sequence
glues DNA back together
basics put simple
sample from DNA organism A and a sample from DNA organism B t…
key to genetic engineering
there is a universal with A, T, C, & G so there can be all so…
Genetic engineering
DNA ligase
Electrproporation
Plasmids
Recombinant DNA
Enzyme that catalyses ghe joining of sugar and phostphate gro…
Method for introducing a vector with a novel gene into a cell…
Small loops of DNA in prokaryotic cells
A composite DNA molecule created in vitro by joining foreign…
DNA ligase
Enzyme that catalyses ghe joining of sugar and phostphate gro…
Electrproporation
Method for introducing a vector with a novel gene into a cell…
15 terms
Genetic engineering
Plasmid
Genetic maker
Transgenic
Clone
A small circular DNA molecule
A gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria
Contain genes from other species
Is a member of a population of genetically identical cells pr…
Plasmid
A small circular DNA molecule
Genetic maker
A gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selectively Breeding
Human Genome Project
Therapeutic Cloning
DNA fingerprinting
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
project that located and mapped all the human genes
the insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct spe…
using DNA patterns to identify people
Selectively Breeding
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Human Genome Project
project that located and mapped all the human genes
43 terms
Genetic Engineering
Bacteria chromosomes contain one
Bacterial chromosome genes
Plasmid DNA contains genes
Nickname for plasmid DNA
Circular loop of DNA
Only genes essential to metabolism
Not essential to metabolism
Bonus DNA
Bacteria chromosomes contain one
Circular loop of DNA
Bacterial chromosome genes
Only genes essential to metabolism
15 terms
Genetic Engineering
Compare and Contrast Recombinant DNA a…
Example of Antibiotic Selection
Example of an Operator
Example of a SCNT
Recombinant DNA is when DNA is present from two different sou…
An example would be a scenario in which the bacteria is grown…
An operator might be a region which permits access to the pro…
An example of this process would be the cloning of the famous…
Compare and Contrast Recombinant DNA a…
Recombinant DNA is when DNA is present from two different sou…
Example of Antibiotic Selection
An example would be a scenario in which the bacteria is grown…
14 terms
Genetic engineering
GE
GM
How to make
1
Genetic engineering
Genetically modified
Insulin
DNA taken from a human cell
GE
Genetic engineering
GM
Genetically modified
13 terms
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzymes
Restriction enzymes
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Cut dna strands into fragments
Used to created DNA fragments with sticky ends or blunt ends…
EcoRl
Separates DNA fragments by size
Restriction enzymes
Cut dna strands into fragments
Restriction enzymes
Used to created DNA fragments with sticky ends or blunt ends…
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Clone
DNA Molecular
Reproductive Cloning
Technology based on Biology. It's used in food science, and m…
The making of an organism that has the exact copy of another…
The use of Genetic Engineering to make a specific gene such a…
The Cloning to create babies
Biotechnology
Technology based on Biology. It's used in food science, and m…
Clone
The making of an organism that has the exact copy of another…
18 terms
genetic engineering
plasmids
recombinant DNA
steps of genetic recombination of genes
restriction enzyme function
circular DNA in bacteria
combining genes from 2 different organisms
restriction enzymes cut DNA, DNA ligase form the recombinant…
cut DNA of the 2 organisms at specific sequences
plasmids
circular DNA in bacteria
recombinant DNA
combining genes from 2 different organisms
19 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering
DNA extraction
Cutting DNA
Separate DNA
Making changes in The DNA code of a living organism
Step one to genetic engineering: extracting DNA from an organ…
Step two in genetic engineering: Restriction enzymes cut spec…
Step three in genetic engineering uses the process gel electr…
Genetic engineering
Making changes in The DNA code of a living organism
DNA extraction
Step one to genetic engineering: extracting DNA from an organ…
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombiant DNA
Restriction Enzymes
Vector
manipulating genes for practical reasons
DNA from one organism and another are combined to form this
bacterial enzyme that recognize and bind to specific short se…
agent takes gene of interest to another cell
Genetic Engineering
manipulating genes for practical reasons
Recombiant DNA
DNA from one organism and another are combined to form this
Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
biotechnology
selective breeding
recombinant DNA
biotechnology; DNA manipulation
allows manipulation of an organism, of its cells, of its mole…
choosing the organisms with the most desirable traits of mating
the new DNA with a foreign gene, has DNA from 2 sources, huma…
genetic engineering
biotechnology; DNA manipulation
biotechnology
allows manipulation of an organism, of its cells, of its mole…
genetic engineering
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
restriction enzymes
vector
manipulating genes for practical purposes
DNA made from 2 or more different organisms
bacterial enzymes that recognize and bind to specific short s…
an agent that is used to carry the gene of interest
genetic engineering
manipulating genes for practical purposes
recombinant DNA
DNA made from 2 or more different organisms
genetic engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic plants
Transgenic animals
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
The gene for the herbicide resistance was put into some crop…
Animals that contain genes transferred from other animals, us…
Genetic Engineering
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Recombinant DNA
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
Genetic Engineering
state one way in which DNA can be tran…
give the term applied to the transfer…
give the term used to describe species…
give the meaning of the term vector.
in fertilization; by plasmids; by viruses. (any 1)
genetic engineering/ genetic modification (GM)
supplied by source/donor; received by recipient/host
vectors carry donor genes into recipients.
state one way in which DNA can be tran…
in fertilization; by plasmids; by viruses. (any 1)
give the term applied to the transfer…
genetic engineering/ genetic modification (GM)
7 terms
Genetic Engineering
state one way in which DNA can be tran…
give the term applied to the transfer…
give the term used to describe species…
give the meaning of the term vector.
in fertilization; by plasmids; by viruses. (any 1)
genetic engineering/ genetic modification (GM)
supplied by source/donor; received by recipient/host
vectors carry donor genes into recipients.
state one way in which DNA can be tran…
in fertilization; by plasmids; by viruses. (any 1)
give the term applied to the transfer…
genetic engineering/ genetic modification (GM)
21 terms
Genetic engineering
Biotechnology
Centrifuge
Restrictive enzymes
Polymerase chain reaction
The process of manipulating organism, cells, or molecules ... to…
separate by density. Separates DNA from rest of cell
cut DNA at specific sequences into smaller... fragments
PCR can make millions of copies of DNA in a short time
Biotechnology
The process of manipulating organism, cells, or molecules ... to…
Centrifuge
separate by density. Separates DNA from rest of cell
26 terms
Genetic Engineering
Stem cells
stem cells in adults
embryonic stem cells
types of cloning
undifferentiated cells that have the potential to develop int…
not found in large amounts, limited
fertilized eggs not used in vitro fertilization 4-5 days old
DNA, Reproductive, Therapeutic
Stem cells
undifferentiated cells that have the potential to develop int…
stem cells in adults
not found in large amounts, limited
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Problems With Inbreeding
A procedure used in the past and present, allows only those a…
Crossing two different individuals to bring together the best…
The continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
Genetically Similar, Increase in Genetic Variation by Inducin…
Selective Breeding
A procedure used in the past and present, allows only those a…
Hybridization
Crossing two different individuals to bring together the best…
13 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
polyploid
method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
having many sets of chromosomes
Selective breeding
method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
Hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Genetic Engineering
Antibiotic Selection
Cloning
Gel Electrophoresis
Genetic Engineering
Scientists use antibiotic resistance genes (ex. penicillin) a…
The process of producing genetically identical organisms. EX:…
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
The direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotech…
Antibiotic Selection
Scientists use antibiotic resistance genes (ex. penicillin) a…
Cloning
The process of producing genetically identical organisms. EX:…
16 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
gel electrophoresis
gene therapy
genomics
method of breeding that only allows those organisms with desi…
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or diso…
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
selective breeding
method of breeding that only allows those organisms with desi…
gel electrophoresis
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic Organisms
Restriction Enzymes
Is a s faster more reliable method for increasing the frequen…
Made connecting or recombine fragments of DNA
Plants and animals contains functional recombinant DNA from a…
Bacterial proteins that have the ability to cut both strands…
Genetic Engineering
Is a s faster more reliable method for increasing the frequen…
Recombinant DNA
Made connecting or recombine fragments of DNA
40 terms
genetic engineering
genetics
a geneticist/ a gene scientist/ a gene…
a gene
to tinker with a gene
la génétique
un généticien
un gène
modifier un gène
genetics
la génétique
a geneticist/ a gene scientist/ a gene…
un généticien
16 terms
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant dna
Transgenic
Restriction enzyme
Vector
Dna from 2 or more different sources
An organism that has two or more genes from another organism…
Recognize and cut dna at specific sequences
Used to carry the gene of interest into another cell
Recombinant dna
Dna from 2 or more different sources
Transgenic
An organism that has two or more genes from another organism…
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Biotechnology
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Allowing only animals with wanted characteristics to produce…
The application of a technological process, invention or meth…
The process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or…
Used for identifying individuals
Selective Breeding
Allowing only animals with wanted characteristics to produce…
Biotechnology
The application of a technological process, invention or meth…
41 terms
Genetic engineering
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Selective breeding
Polyploidy
Breeding of individuals with similar triats ... -ex: dogs... -great…
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
Allow only organisms with desired traits to reproduce
Cells that have many sets of chromosomes ... -larger fruits ... -an…
Inbreeding
Breeding of individuals with similar triats ... -ex: dogs... -great…
Hybridization
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
18 terms
genetic engineering
breeding strategy: select the best pla…
breeding strategy: crossing individual…
crossing members of different but rela…
taking DNA from 1 organism and inserti…
selective breeding
inbreeding
hybridization
genetic engineering
breeding strategy: select the best pla…
selective breeding
breeding strategy: crossing individual…
inbreeding
21 terms
GENETIC ENGINEERING
Plasmid
dna that is transcribed from rna
single celled eukaryotic organism used…
a gene carrier
a small piece of bacterial DNA used as a vector
cDNA
yeast
vector
Plasmid
a small piece of bacterial DNA used as a vector
dna that is transcribed from rna
cDNA
8 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering
Reconbinate DNA
Restriction enzymes
Vector
The process of manipulating genes for a practical purpose
DNA made f om two or more organisms
Bacterial enzymes that reconize and bind to specific short se…
An agent that is used to carry a gene of interest into a anot…
Genetic engineering
The process of manipulating genes for a practical purpose
Reconbinate DNA
DNA made f om two or more organisms
7 terms
genetic engineering
biotechnology
artificial breeding
enzymes that cut DNA
cut DNA at specific sites
machinery to help us with life
creating new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve o…
restriction enzymes
leave sticky ends
biotechnology
machinery to help us with life
artificial breeding
creating new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve o…
Genetic Engineering
Vector
Genomoe
Restriction enzyme
Vaccine
a DNA molecule used as a vehicle to transfer foreign genetic…
an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes
enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, having the prope…
A biological preparation that provides active acquired immuni…
Vector
a DNA molecule used as a vehicle to transfer foreign genetic…
Genomoe
an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Substitution
Insertion
Deletion
Duplication
One nitrogenous base is paired up wrong (A to G)
An extra nitrogenous base is added
A nitrogenous base is removed
Extra copies of genes
Substitution
One nitrogenous base is paired up wrong (A to G)
Insertion
An extra nitrogenous base is added
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Gene cloning
Plasmid
Restriction enzymes
Carries foreign gene into host cell
Genetically identical copies
Ring of bacterial DNA
Able to cut DNA
Recombinant DNA
Carries foreign gene into host cell
Gene cloning
Genetically identical copies
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Asilomar Conference
Restriction Enzymes
in vitro isolation alteration and expression of DNA/RNA
combine dna from multiple organisms into one molecule
voluntary conference organized by scientists to inform the pu…
cut dna into pieces... target specific ... named for source bacterium
Genetic Engineering
in vitro isolation alteration and expression of DNA/RNA
Recombinant DNA
combine dna from multiple organisms into one molecule
20 terms
GENETIC ENGINEERING
Cloning Vector
DNA fingerprint
DNA technology
Donor gene
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
A pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indi…
technology used involved in genetic engineering
a specific gene that is isolated from another organism and sp…
Cloning Vector
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
DNA fingerprint
A pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indi…
genetic engineering
vector
recombinant DNA
restriction enzyme
plasmid
any agent, such as a plasmid or a virus, that can incorporate…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
enzyme that cuts dna at a specific sequence of nucleotides.
a circular DNA molecule that is usually found in bacteria and…
vector
any agent, such as a plasmid or a virus, that can incorporate…
recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
13 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding Example
Hybidization
Inbreeding
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
animals that are better hunter, better retrievers , better co…
form of selective breeding... Crossing offspring that have diffe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Selective Breeding
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
Selective Breeding Example
animals that are better hunter, better retrievers , better co…
13 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic modification
Molecular cloning
DNA transformation
Recombinant DNA
Using molecular genetics to alter or modify the genes of an o…
Choosing genes from an organism that are desired and placing…
The process of creating a GMO
DNA created to contain genes from two different organisms
Genetic modification
Using molecular genetics to alter or modify the genes of an o…
Molecular cloning
Choosing genes from an organism that are desired and placing…
Genetic Engineering
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Select something that you want to isolate a gene sequence of-…
Separate the plasmid from a bacterial cell
Use a Restriction Enzyme (like EcoR1) on both donor and plasm…
Put together and they will join to form Recombinant DNA.
Step 1
Select something that you want to isolate a gene sequence of-…
Step 2
Separate the plasmid from a bacterial cell
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