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Study sets matching "genetic engineering"

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Study sets matching "genetic engineering"

8 terms
Genetic engineering
Stem cell
DNA methylation
Cell differentiation
DNA extraction
Undifferentiated cells
Turns off DNA
Stem cells and make more specific cells such as skin cell, ti…
Add detergent ->to lose (break open) the cell
Stem cell
Undifferentiated cells
DNA methylation
Turns off DNA
22 terms
Genetic Engineering
Restriction Fragments
Gel
Band
DNA Polymerase
DNA molecules produced from a longer DNA molecule cut up by a…
A thin rectangular jelly-like material used for separation.
A collection of DNA fragments of the same length in a gel.
Enzyme used in the process of cloning DNA using one of the or…
Restriction Fragments
DNA molecules produced from a longer DNA molecule cut up by a…
Gel
A thin rectangular jelly-like material used for separation.
9 terms
Genetic Engineering
Vector
Genomoe
Restriction enzyme
Vaccine
a DNA molecule used as a vehicle to transfer foreign genetic…
an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes
enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, having the prope…
A biological preparation that provides active acquired immuni…
Vector
a DNA molecule used as a vehicle to transfer foreign genetic…
Genomoe
an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes
30 terms
Genetic engineering
advance
cloning
controversial
to cross species
Fortschritt
klonen
umstritten
Arten kreuzen
advance
Fortschritt
cloning
klonen
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
Substitution
Insertion
Deletion
Duplication
One nitrogenous base is paired up wrong (A to G)
An extra nitrogenous base is added
A nitrogenous base is removed
Extra copies of genes
Substitution
One nitrogenous base is paired up wrong (A to G)
Insertion
An extra nitrogenous base is added
14 terms
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Gene cloning
Plasmid
Restriction enzymes
Carries foreign gene into host cell
Genetically identical copies
Ring of bacterial DNA
Able to cut DNA
Recombinant DNA
Carries foreign gene into host cell
Gene cloning
Genetically identical copies
20 terms
GENETIC ENGINEERING
Cloning Vector
DNA fingerprint
DNA technology
Donor gene
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
A pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indi…
technology used involved in genetic engineering
a specific gene that is isolated from another organism and sp…
Cloning Vector
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
DNA fingerprint
A pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indi…
35 terms
genetic engineering
vector
recombinant DNA
restriction enzyme
plasmid
any agent, such as a plasmid or a virus, that can incorporate…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
enzyme that cuts dna at a specific sequence of nucleotides.
a circular DNA molecule that is usually found in bacteria and…
vector
any agent, such as a plasmid or a virus, that can incorporate…
recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
22 terms
genetic engineering
genetic engineering
selective breeding
hybrids
inbreeding
scientifically altering the genetic material of living organi…
only allowing those animals and plants with desired character…
offspring of two parents with different traits, when orchestr…
mating of closely related individuals
genetic engineering
scientifically altering the genetic material of living organi…
selective breeding
only allowing those animals and plants with desired character…
8 terms
Genetic Engineering
Definition
GM Crops
GM Animals
Humans
The deliberate modification of DNA to alter characteristics o…
Golden Rice: genetically modified to produce provitamin A ... Pu…
Pharming: animals are yielding human proteins to combat hered…
Saviour Siblings ... Germ Line Gene Therapy- Ameila Queen... Eugeni…
Definition
The deliberate modification of DNA to alter characteristics o…
GM Crops
Golden Rice: genetically modified to produce provitamin A ... Pu…
12 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Genetic Engineering
Human choose desired traits to breeds
Dissimilar Characteristics
Similar Characteristics
Biologists changed the DNA code of living organism
Selective Breeding
Human choose desired traits to breeds
Hybridization
Dissimilar Characteristics
8 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
recombinant DNA technology
plasmids
GFP (Green fluorescent protein)
organism's DNA is purposely alterd
DNA from different sources is combined in a single organism
another source of DNA from E.coli. (small circular pieces)
-protein originally found in jellyfish... -produces bright green…
Genetic engineering
organism's DNA is purposely alterd
recombinant DNA technology
DNA from different sources is combined in a single organism
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Genetic Engineering
method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Selective breeding
method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
Inbreeding
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
19 terms
Genetic Engineering
genome
Human Genome Project
Why study DNA
genetic engineering
an organism's complete set of genetic material
scientific study... to determine the entire nucleotide sequence…
most illnesses/genetic disorders... occur from improper gene exp…
aka biotechnology... manipulating genes on DNA
genome
an organism's complete set of genetic material
Human Genome Project
scientific study... to determine the entire nucleotide sequence…
13 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding Example
Hybidization
Inbreeding
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
animals that are better hunter, better retrievers , better co…
form of selective breeding... Crossing offspring that have diffe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Selective Breeding
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
Selective Breeding Example
animals that are better hunter, better retrievers , better co…
13 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic modification
Molecular cloning
DNA transformation
Recombinant DNA
Using molecular genetics to alter or modify the genes of an o…
Choosing genes from an organism that are desired and placing…
The process of creating a GMO
DNA created to contain genes from two different organisms
Genetic modification
Using molecular genetics to alter or modify the genes of an o…
Molecular cloning
Choosing genes from an organism that are desired and placing…
11 terms
Genetic Engineering
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Select something that you want to isolate a gene sequence of-…
Separate the plasmid from a bacterial cell
Use a Restriction Enzyme (like EcoR1) on both donor and plasm…
Put together and they will join to form Recombinant DNA.
Step 1
Select something that you want to isolate a gene sequence of-…
Step 2
Separate the plasmid from a bacterial cell
Genetic Engineering
Nucleotides
3 parts that make a Nucleotide
The nitrogen bases in DNA
Structure of DNA
The building blocks of DNA
-Phosphate... -Deoxyribose... -Nitrogen base
-Adenine... -Thymine ... -Guanine ... -Cytosine
-Double helix base hold 2 sides together with hydrogen bonds…
Nucleotides
The building blocks of DNA
3 parts that make a Nucleotide
-Phosphate... -Deoxyribose... -Nitrogen base
14 terms
Genetic Engineering
promiscuous DNA
master chromosomes
lariat
polysome
...
...
...
...
promiscuous DNA
...
master chromosomes
...
19 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Gel Electrophoresis
Increased Variation
Transgenic Organism
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
Any difference between cells, individual organisms, or group…
Term used to refer to an organism that contains genes from ot…
Genetic Engineering
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Gel Electrophoresis
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
16 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Human Genome Project
therapeutic Cloning
DNA Fingerprinting
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
project that locates and mapped all the human genes
the insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct gen…
using DNA patterns to identify people
Selective breeding
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Human Genome Project
project that locates and mapped all the human genes
13 terms
Genetic engineering
genetic engineering
Restriction endonuclease
Electrophoresis
Hybridization and probes
direct, deliberate, modification of an organisms genome
Catalyze hydrolysis of dsDNA at specific sites... Cut DNA with 2…
current pulls - charged DNA toward a + end, friction in agaro…
isolate and separate DNA fragments using southern blot techni…
genetic engineering
direct, deliberate, modification of an organisms genome
Restriction endonuclease
Catalyze hydrolysis of dsDNA at specific sites... Cut DNA with 2…
16 terms
genetic engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
recombinant DNA
simplest form of genetic engineering, picks organisms with de…
takes two parents from different species
individuals w/ similar characteristics are bred... higher risk o…
created by combining DNA of more than one gene from a foreign…
selective breeding
simplest form of genetic engineering, picks organisms with de…
hybridization
takes two parents from different species
11 terms
Genetic engineering
DNA ligase
Donor DNA
Plasmids
Recombinant DNA
Enzymes which join together portions of DNA
A gene that is isolated for insertion
Circular loops of DNA found in bacteria- known as vector
DNA which results from the combination of fragments from two…
DNA ligase
Enzymes which join together portions of DNA
Donor DNA
A gene that is isolated for insertion
31 terms
Genetic Engineering
Nucleotides
Phosphate, deoxyribose, nitrogen base
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
Double helix. base hold 2 sides togeth…
The building blocks of DNA
Name the 3 parts that make a Nucleotide.
The nitrogen bases in DNA.
Describe the structure of DNA.
Nucleotides
The building blocks of DNA
Phosphate, deoxyribose, nitrogen base
Name the 3 parts that make a Nucleotide.
10 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Increasing variation
Polyploidy
Allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce…
Crossing to dissimilar individuals to bring together the best…
To have more genetic variation than is in the wild breeders c…
Many sets of chromosomes
Selective breeding
Allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce…
Hybridization
Crossing to dissimilar individuals to bring together the best…
15 terms
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
DNa fingerprint ( restriction map)
Polymerase chain reaction ( pcr)
Enzymes that cut dna molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of dna fr…
Show the lengths of Dna fragments between restriction sites i…
Technique that produces millions or even billions of copies o…
Restriction enzyme
Enzymes that cut dna molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Gel electrophoresis
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of dna fr…
16 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
Method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
Having many sets of chromosomes
Selective breeding
Method of improving a species by allowing only those individu…
Hybridization
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
28 terms
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Cloning
The use and alteration of organisms, cells, or biological mol…
Isolate and manipulating genes that control certain character…
The genetic material that has been altered to contain new gen…
A process in which a cell, a cell product, or organism is cop…
Biotechnology
The use and alteration of organisms, cells, or biological mol…
Genetic engineering
Isolate and manipulating genes that control certain character…
11 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering
PCR
Gel electrophoresis
DNA profiling
The direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes ... Ex.…
A technique by which any piece of DNA however tiny, can be co…
Fragments of DNA or proteins move in an electric field and ar…
Is the process of separating an individuals polymorphic fragm…
Genetic engineering
The direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes ... Ex.…
PCR
A technique by which any piece of DNA however tiny, can be co…
17 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Human Genome Project
Therapeutic Cloning
DNA Fingerprinting
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
project that located and mapped all the human genes
the insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct gen…
using DNA patterns to identify people
Selective Breeding
process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Human Genome Project
project that located and mapped all the human genes
12 terms
Genetic engineering
cDNA
operon
Split gene
Taq polymerase
complementary DNA
Protein-coding genes for prokaryotes
Protein-coding genes for eukaryotes
Polymerise used in PCR and RT-PCR
cDNA
complementary DNA
operon
Protein-coding genes for prokaryotes
44 terms
Genetic Engineering
Gentechnisch veränderte Lebensmittel
Lebensmittelüberfluss
Lebensmittelknappheit
ökologisches Gleichgewicht
GM food
over-abundance of food
food shortage
ecological balance
Gentechnisch veränderte Lebensmittel
GM food
Lebensmittelüberfluss
over-abundance of food
11 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Genetic Engineering
A method of improving a species by allowing only those indivi…
Continue breeding of individuals with similar characteristics.
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
The process of making changes in the DNA code of living organ…
Selective Breeding
A method of improving a species by allowing only those indivi…
Inbreeding
Continue breeding of individuals with similar characteristics.
75 terms
genetic engineering
kopie
betrachten
wendepunkt
versuch
duplicate
regard
watershed
attempt
kopie
duplicate
betrachten
regard
10 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Human Gene Project
Mutation
Causes Of Mutations
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
The mapping of all of the genes in the human genome
(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
Germline - occur in gametes, it can be transmitted to offspri…
Genetic Engineering
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Human Gene Project
The mapping of all of the genes in the human genome
8 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic organisms
Restriction enzyme
Fast and more reliable method for increasing the frequency of…
Made by connecting, or recombining, fragments of DNA from dif…
Plants and animals that contain functional recombinant DNA fo…
Bacterial proteins that have the ability to cut both strands…
Genetic engineering
Fast and more reliable method for increasing the frequency of…
Recombinant DNA
Made by connecting, or recombining, fragments of DNA from dif…
15 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Genetic engineering
Method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Selective breeding
Method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
Hybridization
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
11 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetically modified organism
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
An organism which has a gene inserted into its DNA that comes…
A gene is cut out of a human chromosome using enzymes
A DNA plasmid is taken out of a bacterium and cut open using…
The human insulin gene and the plasmid are mixed together
Genetically modified organism
An organism which has a gene inserted into its DNA that comes…
Step 1
A gene is cut out of a human chromosome using enzymes
8 terms
Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding
Outbreeding/hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploidy
Choosing and mating organisms with desired characteristics Ex…
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
The mating of closely related organisms to maintain the desir…
Plants with irregular amounts of chromosomes which creates la…
Selective breeding
Choosing and mating organisms with desired characteristics Ex…
Outbreeding/hybridization
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
10 terms
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Universal
Transgenic organisms
Directly manipulating DNA. Intentionally producing mutations…
Made by splicing fragments of DNA together from different sou…
Genetic code is ____________.
Contains recombinant DNA
Genetic engineering
Directly manipulating DNA. Intentionally producing mutations…
Recombinant DNA
Made by splicing fragments of DNA together from different sou…
Genetic Engineering
restriction enzymes
genetic engineering
DNA fingerprint
Gel Electrophoresis
bacterial enzymes used by genetic engineers to cut DNA molecu…
the application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
a pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indi…
separates fragments of DNA- according to size and charge
restriction enzymes
bacterial enzymes used by genetic engineers to cut DNA molecu…
genetic engineering
the application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
17 terms
Genetic engineering
Selective breeding
Human genome project
Therapeutic cloning
DNA fingerprinting
Process that in likened sleeting individuals with desirable t…
Project that located and mapped all the human genes
The insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct gen…
Using DNA patterns to identify people
Selective breeding
Process that in likened sleeting individuals with desirable t…
Human genome project
Project that located and mapped all the human genes
17 terms
Genetic engineering
Selective breeding
Human genome project
Therapeutic cloning
Dna fingerprinting
Process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Project that located and maps all the human genes
Inserting normal genes in human cells to correct genetic diso…
Using dna patterns to identify people
Selective breeding
Process that involves selecting individuals with desirable tr…
Human genome project
Project that located and maps all the human genes
26 terms
genetic engineering
recombinant dna
plasmid and virus
restriction enzymes
isolate gene of interest
dna that is from two or more organisms is called_________
examples of vectors used in genetic engineering
what is used to cut dna
to produce insulin using transformed bacteria, first___________
recombinant dna
dna that is from two or more organisms is called_________
plasmid and virus
examples of vectors used in genetic engineering
17 terms
Genetic engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
breeders choose parents with traits already found in nature
crossing dissimilar individuals to get the best of both
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
random new traits may appear
selective breeding
breeders choose parents with traits already found in nature
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to get the best of both
18 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
allowing only those animals with desired characeristics to pr…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breeding of individuals w/ similar characterist…
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characeristics to pr…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
17 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Plasmid
Cloning
Human Genome Project
The technology entailing all processes of altering the geneti…
Some bacteria contain these small circular DNA molecules. Joi…
The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit (e…
A widespread scientific initiative launched in 1995 in order…
Genetic Engineering
The technology entailing all processes of altering the geneti…
Plasmid
Some bacteria contain these small circular DNA molecules. Joi…
14 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
recombinant DNA
transgenic organisms
PCR
breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits
The ability to combine the DNA of one organism with the DNA w…
genetically modified
scientist make many copies of DNAp
selective breeding
breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits
recombinant DNA
The ability to combine the DNA of one organism with the DNA w…
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