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54 terms
genetics chapter 11
DNA replication
template strands
daughter strands
conservative model
Copying genetic material.
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
products of DNA replication identical to the template strand
a hypothesis where both strands of a parental DNA remain toge…
DNA replication
Copying genetic material.
template strands
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
15 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype of a heter…
Having two identical alleles for a given gene; homozygous dom…
The Law of Segregation
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Allele
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
10 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
gene
Chromosome
phenotype
sex-linked trait
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
an organism's appearance as a result of its combination of ge…
determined by an organism's sex chromosomes.
gene
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
Chromosome
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
Genetics Chapter 11
Allele
Cross-fertilization
Dominant
Gene
Alternate variation of a trait
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
Only 1 copy of this allele must be present in order to see th…
A segment of DNA that encodes information for a specific trait
Allele
Alternate variation of a trait
Cross-fertilization
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
29 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
trait
gene
scientific study of heredity
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring.
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
29 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
17 terms
genetics chapter 11
chromosomal DNA
supercoiling
relaxed circular DNA
positive super coiling
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
relaxed state when is a circular, 100 bp/10 complete turns
molecules that are overrotated, an overwound DNA
chromosomal DNA
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
supercoiling
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
22 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
fertilization
trait
alleles
The Scientific Study of Heredity
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
A specific characteristic such as seed shape or color is a
The different forms of a gene.
Genetics
The Scientific Study of Heredity
fertilization
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
30 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Gene for cystic fibrosis
Gene for sickle cell disease
Chromosome size
Histone Proteins
(chromosome 7)
(chromosome 11)
Chromosomes contain a huge amount of non redundant informatio…
Small basic (+) proteins... • Share a common structural fold... • T…
Gene for cystic fibrosis
(chromosome 7)
Gene for sickle cell disease
(chromosome 11)
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
33 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
28 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
tertiary structure of DNA
supercoiling
bacterial DNA
euchromatin
higher order folding that allows packaging
DNA is subjected to strain by being overwound or underwound,…
complexed with proteins in the nucleoid region in a series of…
condenses and decondenses throughout the cell cycle, consists…
tertiary structure of DNA
higher order folding that allows packaging
supercoiling
DNA is subjected to strain by being overwound or underwound,…
25 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
45 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
meiosis
homologous chromosome
sex chromosomes
diploid
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains gen…
A cell containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from…
meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
homologous chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
43 terms
Chapter 11 - Mendelian Genetics
traits
genes
genotype
phenotype
-characteristics of an individual... -some are inheritable, whil…
control traits of an organism
-genetic constitution of an organism... -provide only the potent…
-observable trait or set of traits (structural and functional…
traits
-characteristics of an individual... -some are inheritable, whil…
genes
control traits of an organism
19 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Fusion of male and female gametes.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
27 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
31 terms
Chapter 11: introduction to genetics
genetics
true-breeding
hybrid
cross-pollination
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
plants allowed to self-pollinate
off-spring of crosses between parents with different traits
male sex cells in pollen from the flower on one plant fertili…
genetics
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
true-breeding
plants allowed to self-pollinate
44 terms
Chapter 11 - Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
Scientific study of heredity.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used for organisms that produce offspring identical to t…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity.
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
male and female reproductive cell join
production of offspring identical to parents
specific characteristic
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
male and female reproductive cell join
40 terms
PCB 3063 Genetics Chapter 11
DNA replication functions by which mode?
Conservative replication theory
Dispersive replication theory
Meselson-Stahl
semiconservative (one new strand, one old strand)
replicates, makes new copies, but then the original parent co…
makes a mosaic in the copies
Conducted= the experiment using density centrifugation to det…
DNA replication functions by which mode?
semiconservative (one new strand, one old strand)
Conservative replication theory
replicates, makes new copies, but then the original parent co…
65 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
When it is possible to follow the segr…
The simplest type of DNA polymorphism…
When a sequence of one, two, or three…
Short copy number repeats are also kno…
polymorphic
single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
simple sequence repeat (SSR)
minisatellites
When it is possible to follow the segr…
polymorphic
The simplest type of DNA polymorphism…
single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
15 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics Vocabulary
heredity
alleles
homozygous
phenotype
the passing of traits from parent to organism
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
having two identical alleles for a particular gene
physical characteristics of an organism
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to organism
alleles
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
25 terms
CP Genetics Chapter 11 review notes
Homozygous dominant
Heterozygous dominant
Monohybrid cross
Recessive trait
Both alleles (factors) for a trait are the same and dominant…
Both alleles for a trait are different. (Tt) means Hybrid
A cross between individuals that involves one pair of contras…
Masked gene
Homozygous dominant
Both alleles (factors) for a trait are the same and dominant…
Heterozygous dominant
Both alleles for a trait are different. (Tt) means Hybrid
31 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
13 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
20 terms
Chapter 11 genetics
Mendel
genetics
allele
principle of dominance
the father of genetics who studied traits in pea plants
The scientific study of heredity
different forms of a gene
some alleles are dominant and some recessive
Mendel
the father of genetics who studied traits in pea plants
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
15 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity, is now the core of a resolu…
Produces a new cell, which develops into a tiny embryo encase…
If the pea plants were allowed to self-pollinate, they would…
A specific characteristic, such as a seed color or plant heig…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity, is now the core of a resolu…
Fertilization
Produces a new cell, which develops into a tiny embryo encase…
12 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics Vocab
probability
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
likelihood a particular event will occur
two identical alleles for a trait
two different alleles for a trait
physical appearance
probability
likelihood a particular event will occur
homozygous
two identical alleles for a trait
9 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Genes
passing characteristics from parent to offspring
scientific study of heredity
specific characteristics ... "can see it"
chemical "factors" ... determine traits ... "can't see it
Heredity
passing characteristics from parent to offspring
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
12 terms
chapter 11 genetics
gamete
genotype
homozygous
Recessive alleles
reproductive cell containing only half of the genetic material
organisms entire genetic make up
two allele codes are the same (RR)
the result of there being no dominant allele
gamete
reproductive cell containing only half of the genetic material
genotype
organisms entire genetic make up
20 terms
Chapter 11 (Genetics)
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
offspring that result from crosses between parents with diffe…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
heredity
P generation
self-pollination
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the pure plants that Mendel produced by self-pollination
the movement of pollen from the male sex organs to the female…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
26 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics.
Allele
Crossing-over
DIploid
Gamete
One of a number of different forms of a gene.
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homol…
Specialized cell involved in sexual; reproduction.
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene.
Crossing-over
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
26 terms
Chapter 11, Genetics
Homologous
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
Chromosomes that each have a corresponding chromosome from th…
A cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes.
A cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and the…
Process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Homologous
Chromosomes that each have a corresponding chromosome from th…
Diploid
A cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes.
27 terms
Chapter 11 Vocab Genetics
fertilization
genetics
trait
hybrid
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
the scientific study of heredity, which is passing of traits…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity, which is passing of traits…
19 terms
Genetics Chapter 11 Vocab
Molecular genetics
DNA
RNA... mRNA; rRNA; tRNA
Four Criteria of Genetic Material
The study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
Deoxyribonucleic acid, found in the nucleus or the nucleoid o…
Ribonucleic acid, transcribed from DNA; nucleotides: adenine,…
1. Information (inherited traits)... 2. Transmission... 3. Replicat…
Molecular genetics
The study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, found in the nucleus or the nucleoid o…
20 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
The scientific study of heredity
Fusion of an egg and sperm cell
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Fusion of an egg and sperm cell
20 terms
Chapter 11 : Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
10 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
Meselson + Stahl
Eukaryotic DNA
Telomerase
Prokaryotic DNA
Experiments proved semi-conservative
Multiple origins of replication ... Linear... Requires primer... Telom…
Synthesizes telomeres on 3' end... Specialized reverse transcrip…
Single origin of replication... Replicon- Length of DNA being re…
Meselson + Stahl
Experiments proved semi-conservative
Eukaryotic DNA
Multiple origins of replication ... Linear... Requires primer... Telom…
24 terms
Genetics Chapter 11: Mendelian Genetics
Key Questions (S)
Key Questions (N)
Genotype + Phenotype (S)
Genotype + Phenotype (N)
Key Questions (S)
Key Questions (N)
22 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
fertilization
trait
alleles
The Scientific Study of Heredity
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
A specific characteristic such as seed shape or color is a
The different forms of a gene.
Genetics
The Scientific Study of Heredity
fertilization
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
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