Study sets matching "genetics chapter 11"

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54 terms
genetics chapter 11
DNA replication
template strands
daughter strands
conservative model
Copying genetic material.
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
products of DNA replication identical to the template strand
a hypothesis where both strands of a parental DNA remain toge…
DNA replication
Copying genetic material.
template strands
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
Chapter 11:Genetics
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype of a heter…
Having two identical alleles for a given gene; homozygous dom…
The Law of Segregation
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Allele
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
28 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
tertiary structure of DNA
supercoiling
bacterial DNA
euchromatin
higher order folding that allows packaging
DNA is subjected to strain by being overwound or underwound,…
complexed with proteins in the nucleoid region in a series of…
condenses and decondenses throughout the cell cycle, consists…
tertiary structure of DNA
higher order folding that allows packaging
supercoiling
DNA is subjected to strain by being overwound or underwound,…
15 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype of a heter…
Having two identical alleles for a given gene; homozygous dom…
The Law of Segregation
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Allele
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
21 terms
Genetics (Chapter 11)
Allele
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
Homozygous
The different forms of a gene
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Allele
The different forms of a gene
Dominant Allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
Genetics Chapter 11
Allele
Cross-fertilization
Dominant
Gene
Alternate variation of a trait
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
Only 1 copy of this allele must be present in order to see th…
A segment of DNA that encodes information for a specific trait
Allele
Alternate variation of a trait
Cross-fertilization
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
10 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
gene
Chromosome
phenotype
sex-linked trait
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
an organism's appearance as a result of its combination of ge…
determined by an organism's sex chromosomes.
gene
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
Chromosome
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
21 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
trait
gene
scientific study of heredity
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring.
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
29 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
22 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
fertilization
trait
alleles
The Scientific Study of Heredity
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
A specific characteristic such as seed shape or color is a
The different forms of a gene.
Genetics
The Scientific Study of Heredity
fertilization
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
33 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
65 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
When it is possible to follow the segr…
The simplest type of DNA polymorphism…
When a sequence of one, two, or three…
Short copy number repeats are also kno…
polymorphic
single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
simple sequence repeat (SSR)
minisatellites
When it is possible to follow the segr…
polymorphic
The simplest type of DNA polymorphism…
single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
36 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
heredity
genetics
fertilization
garden peas
the transimission of characteristics from parents to offsprin…
th scientific study of heredity
process in which the male reproductive cells join with the fe…
Mendel's test subjects
heredity
the transimission of characteristics from parents to offsprin…
genetics
th scientific study of heredity
44 terms
Chapter 11 - Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
Scientific study of heredity.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used for organisms that produce offspring identical to t…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity.
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
26 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
supercoiling
positive supercoiling
negative supercoiling
Topoisomerase
helps in DNA packaging because DNA mush be tightly packed to…
DNA is over-rotated and helix twists on its self
DNA is under-rotated and helix twists on its self in the oppo…
the enzyme responsible for adding and removing turns in the c…
supercoiling
helps in DNA packaging because DNA mush be tightly packed to…
positive supercoiling
DNA is over-rotated and helix twists on its self
25 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Genetics Chapter 11 Vocab
Semiconservative replication
Conservative replication
Dispersive replication
DNA replication is...
Each replicated DNA molecule consists of one "old" strand and…
Original helix is conserved and two newly synthesized strands…
Parental strands are dispersed into two new double helices fo…
Semiconservative (each new strand is a combo of one new and o…
Semiconservative replication
Each replicated DNA molecule consists of one "old" strand and…
Conservative replication
Original helix is conserved and two newly synthesized strands…
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Fusion of male and female gametes.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
20 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
The wobble rules account for non-Watso…
What cellular structure helps properly…
What is the final component of the ini…
A short segment of an mRNA molecule is…
third and first
molecular chaperones
a large subunit of the ribosome
methionine-methionine-leucine-lysine
The wobble rules account for non-Watso…
third and first
What cellular structure helps properly…
molecular chaperones
35 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
fertilization
trait
genetics
hybrid
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
specific characteristic of an individual organism
the study of heredity
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
fertilization
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
trait
specific characteristic of an individual organism
40 terms
PCB 3063 Genetics Chapter 11
DNA replication functions by which mode?
Conservative replication theory
Dispersive replication theory
Meselson-Stahl
semiconservative (one new strand, one old strand)
replicates, makes new copies, but then the original parent co…
makes a mosaic in the copies
Conducted= the experiment using density centrifugation to det…
DNA replication functions by which mode?
semiconservative (one new strand, one old strand)
Conservative replication theory
replicates, makes new copies, but then the original parent co…
36 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics Vocabulary
allele
antigen
autosomal inheritance
autosomes
one pair of genes that occupies the same position on homologo…
A substance that is capable of triggering an immune response.
Inheritance of alleles located on autosomal (non-sex) chromos…
chromosomes that do not determine the sex of an individual, d…
allele
one pair of genes that occupies the same position on homologo…
antigen
A substance that is capable of triggering an immune response.
25 terms
CHAPTER 11 GENETICS
GENETICS
FERTILIZATION
TRAIT
TRUE-BREEDING (PURE)
the scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if a…
GENETICS
the scientific study of heredity
FERTILIZATION
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Genetics - Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Euchromatin
Nucleosome
FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridizati…
The self-replicating genetic structure of cells containing th…
Relaxed, usually active transcriptionally (lightly stained re…
Rudimentary DNA packaging unit; composed of DNA wrapped aroun…
A physical mapping approach that uses fluorescent tags to det…
Chromosome
The self-replicating genetic structure of cells containing th…
Euchromatin
Relaxed, usually active transcriptionally (lightly stained re…
Chapter 11: introduction to genetics
genetics
true-breeding
hybrid
cross-pollination
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
plants allowed to self-pollinate
off-spring of crosses between parents with different traits
male sex cells in pollen from the flower on one plant fertili…
genetics
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
true-breeding
plants allowed to self-pollinate
31 terms
Genetics Chapter 11 Vocab
One-gene, one-enzyme hypothesis
One gene, one polypeptide hypothesis
Amino acid
Peptide bond
Idea proposed by Beadle and Tatum that each gene encodes a se…
Modification of the one gene, one enzyme hypothesis; proposes…
Repeating unit of proteins; consists of an amino group, a car…
Chemical bond that connects amino acids in a protein
One-gene, one-enzyme hypothesis
Idea proposed by Beadle and Tatum that each gene encodes a se…
One gene, one polypeptide hypothesis
Modification of the one gene, one enzyme hypothesis; proposes…
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
Meiosis
Haploid
Diploid
Homologous Chromosomes
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Haploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
13 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
male and female reproductive cell join
production of offspring identical to parents
specific characteristic
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
male and female reproductive cell join
30 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
3 modes of DNA replication
Conservative DNA replication
Semiconservative DNA replication
Dispersive DNA replication
conservative, semiconservative, and dispersive
original helix is conserved and 2 newly synthesized strands c…
each replicated DNA molecule consists of one old strand and o…
parental strands are dispersed into 2 new double helices
3 modes of DNA replication
conservative, semiconservative, and dispersive
Conservative DNA replication
original helix is conserved and 2 newly synthesized strands c…
Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
heredity
P generation
self-pollination
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the pure plants that Mendel produced by self-pollination
the movement of pollen from the male sex organs to the female…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
24 terms
Chapter 11 Vocabulary : Genetics
Allele
Allele Frequency
Co-dominance
Crossing Over
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (alternative form…
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
A pattern of inheritance in which the phenotypic effect of 2…
An exchange of genetic material between homologous Chromosome…
Allele
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (alternative form…
Allele Frequency
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
46 terms
Genetics chapter 11
DNA Replication
Template (parental) Strands
Daughter Strands
Conservative Model
The process by which genetic information is copied and passed…
A strand of the original DNA that is used for the synthesis o…
The new strands that result from DNA Replication.
The hypothesis that both strands of parental DNA remain toget…
DNA Replication
The process by which genetic information is copied and passed…
Template (parental) Strands
A strand of the original DNA that is used for the synthesis o…
genetics chapter 11
chromosomal DNA
supercoiling
relaxed circular DNA
positive super coiling
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
relaxed state when is a circular, 100 bp/10 complete turns
molecules that are overrotated, an overwound DNA
chromosomal DNA
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
supercoiling
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
21 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
A genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
A genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
Chapter 11 Genetics
Protease
DNase
32P
RNase
An enzyme that digests proteins.
Treating a bacterial extract with this will leave only RNA an…
Used to label DNA in the experiments of Hershey and Chase.
Treating a bacterial extract with this will leave only DNA an…
Protease
An enzyme that digests proteins.
DNase
Treating a bacterial extract with this will leave only RNA an…
12 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
DnaseI Sensetivity
Centromeres
Telomeres
Mitochrondrion and Chloroplast Structure
Animals have multiple copies of globin genes that are express…
- Epigentics changes are thought to define the region... ○ Ther…
- Natural ends of the chromosome... - Chromosome breaks were ob…
- Double membrane... - DNA with genes for polypeptides, rRNA, an…
DnaseI Sensetivity
Animals have multiple copies of globin genes that are express…
Centromeres
- Epigentics changes are thought to define the region... ○ Ther…
15 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics Vocabulary
heredity
alleles
homozygous
phenotype
the passing of traits from parent to organism
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
having two identical alleles for a particular gene
physical characteristics of an organism
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to organism
alleles
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Inherited Characteristics
Non-Inherited Characteristics
Chromosomes
The study of the inheritance of characteristics.
Characteristics passed on from parents through genes eg. Type…
Characteristics gained during a person's lifetime through the…
Thread-like structures found in the nucleus of a cell. Made o…
Genetics
The study of the inheritance of characteristics.
Inherited Characteristics
Characteristics passed on from parents through genes eg. Type…
Chapter 11: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
114 terms
chapter 11 genetics
the primary and secondary structure of…
the primary and secondary structure of…
the tertiary structure of DNA and asso…
DNA's tertiary structure must be ___
function
to store, replicate, and transmit genetic information
express the encoded information as a phenotype
flexible and dynamic
the primary and secondary structure of…
function
the primary and secondary structure of…
to store, replicate, and transmit genetic information
Chapter 11 genetics
DNA is reproduced by_______________
modes of DNA replication
conservative
semi-conservative
Semi-conservative replication
conservative... semi-conservative... dispersive
the new copy is completely new
new copy has one new strand and one old
DNA is reproduced by_______________
Semi-conservative replication
modes of DNA replication
conservative... semi-conservative... dispersive
16 terms
Chapter 11: Mendelian Genetics
Why did Mendel choose to use the garde…
monohybrid cross
Principle of uniformity in F1
F1 x F1 cross gives a ______ ratio of…
Grows easily, produces large numbers of seeds quickly, and no…
cross fertilization between pure-breeding strains that have a…
Offspring of a monohybrid cross resemble only one of the pare…
3:1
Why did Mendel choose to use the garde…
Grows easily, produces large numbers of seeds quickly, and no…
monohybrid cross
cross fertilization between pure-breeding strains that have a…
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