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Study sets matching "genetics"

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Study sets matching "genetics"

44 terms
Genetics
Genetics
DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
Branch of Biology that studies heredity.
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the de…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Genetics
Branch of Biology that studies heredity.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
21 terms
Genetics
DNA
GENE
MITOSIS
MEIOSIS
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
Unit of inherited information in DNA
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
Process by which cells divide twice to produce haploid gamete…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
GENE
Unit of inherited information in DNA
55 terms
Genetics
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Each half of the chromosome
cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
16 terms
Genetics
Trait
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The alleles must separate when gametes are formed.
The different forms of a gene.
If an organism is heterozygous it is the trait that is expres…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The Law of Segregation
The alleles must separate when gametes are formed.
18 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The study of heredity
Process by which egg and sperm join to form a new organism
Heredity
Passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
29 terms
Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
25 terms
Genetics
Allele
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
Homozygous
The different forms of a gene
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Allele
The different forms of a gene
Dominant Allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
24 terms
Genetics
allele
phenotype
genotype
dominant
A version of a gene.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup. AA, Aa, aa
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
allele
A version of a gene.
phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
11 terms
Genetics
Homozygous
heterozygous
genotypes
phenotype
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
2 different alleles
The genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
heterozygous
2 different alleles
11 terms
Genetics
Homozygous
heterozygous
genotypes
phenotype
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
2 different alleles
The genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
heterozygous
2 different alleles
12 terms
Genetics
gene
dominant gene
recessive gene
heredity
basic physical unit of heredity
the gene that overpowers the recessive gene
gene that is "hidden" by the dominant gene
transition of genetic characteristics from parent to offspring
gene
basic physical unit of heredity
dominant gene
the gene that overpowers the recessive gene
21 terms
Genetics
DNA
GENE
MITOSIS
MEIOSIS
the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organi…
Unit of inherited information in DNA
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
Process by which cells divide twice to produce haploid gamete…
DNA
the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organi…
GENE
Unit of inherited information in DNA
11 terms
Genetics
ARVC
Mutations within the _______ (cell to…
Heritable PAH
Normal myocardium
plakoglobin
desmosome
BMPR2 mutation
ARVC
plakoglobin
Mutations within the _______ (cell to…
desmosome
11 terms
Genetics
Homozygous
heterozygous
genotypes
phenotype
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
2 different alleles
The genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
heterozygous
2 different alleles
16 terms
Genetics
Trait
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The alleles must separate when gametes are formed.
The different forms of a gene.
If an organism is heterozygous it is the trait that is expres…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The Law of Segregation
The alleles must separate when gametes are formed.
12 terms
Genetics
Homozygous
heterozygous
genotypes
phenotype
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
2 different alleles
The genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
heterozygous
2 different alleles
32 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and R…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
18 terms
Genetics
genetics
dominant
recessive
trait
Scientific study of heredity
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
dominant
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
13 terms
Genetics
Genetics
DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
Branch of Biology that studies heredity.
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the de…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Genetics
Branch of Biology that studies heredity.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
7 terms
Genetics
Recombinant DNA
Genetic Transformation
Mutation
Karyotype
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources.
Process of inserting DNA from one species into another specie…
A rare change in the DNA of a gene, ultimately creating genet…
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs.
Recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources.
Genetic Transformation
Process of inserting DNA from one species into another specie…
21 terms
Genetics
DNA
GENE
MITOSIS
MEIOSIS
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
Unit of inherited information in DNA
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
Process by which cells divide twice to produce haploid gamete…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
GENE
Unit of inherited information in DNA
17 terms
Genetics
DNA
GENE
MITOSIS
MEIOSIS
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
Unit of inherited information in DNA
Process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a…
Process by which cells divide twice to produce haploid gamete…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
GENE
Unit of inherited information in DNA
Genetics
Trait
Heredity
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
A physical characteristic that a person has
The passing of traits to children
The trait that is most likely to be passed on to children (st…
Recessive trait
Trait
A physical characteristic that a person has
Heredity
The passing of traits to children
31 terms
Genetics
allele
dominant allele
recessive allele
homozygous
the different forms of a gene
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
An allele that is hidden whenever the dominant allele is pres…
Having two identical alleles for a trait
allele
the different forms of a gene
dominant allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
28 terms
Genetics
somatic cells
gametes
homologous chromosome
autosomes
body cells that make up most tissues and organs but are not t…
sex cells: eggs in female and sperm in male. DNA in gametes c…
two chromosomes, one from Mom and one from Dad, that have the…
chromosome pairs 1-22 that contain genes for characteristics…
somatic cells
body cells that make up most tissues and organs but are not t…
gametes
sex cells: eggs in female and sperm in male. DNA in gametes c…
31 terms
Genetics
allele
dominant allele
recessive allele
homozygous
the different forms of a gene
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
An allele that is hidden whenever the dominant allele is pres…
Having two identical alleles for a trait
allele
the different forms of a gene
dominant allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
33 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and R…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
10 terms
Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant
Recessive
The alleles the person has
The characteristics displayed by the alleles
The stronger allele, always shown in the Phenotype
The weaker allele. only shown in the Phenotype if homozygous
Genotype
The alleles the person has
Phenotype
The characteristics displayed by the alleles
11 terms
GENETICS
CHROMOSOMES
ALLELE
RECESSIVE
DOMINANT
Threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Eac…
Alternative form of a gene.
Describes a trait that is covered over, or dominated, by anot…
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
CHROMOSOMES
Threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Eac…
ALLELE
Alternative form of a gene.
20 terms
Genetics
Trait
Purebred
Alleles
Dominant Allele
a genetically determined characteristic.
the offspring of many generations that have the same traits
One of the alternate versions of a particular gene
Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of…
Trait
a genetically determined characteristic.
Purebred
the offspring of many generations that have the same traits
24 terms
Genetics
Cell Division
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
22 terms
Genetics
allele
phenotype
genotype
dominant
A version of a gene.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup. AA, Aa, aa
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
allele
A version of a gene.
phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
64 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and R…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
24 terms
Genetics
Allelle
Chromosomes
Co-dominance (aka Incomplete Dominance)
Dominant Allelle
an alternate form that a gene may have for a single trait, ca…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Pairs of genes that work together and result in a third trait…
trait that always show up when it is present on the gene - Th…
Allelle
an alternate form that a gene may have for a single trait, ca…
Chromosomes
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
29 terms
Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
24 terms
Genetics
genotype
phenotype
genes
DNA
the genetic makeup of an organism
the outward expression of the environmental effects on an org…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
genotype
the genetic makeup of an organism
phenotype
the outward expression of the environmental effects on an org…
18 terms
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
allele
genotype
heterozygous
Father of genetics. A Monk that studied pea plants and learne…
different forms of a gene
an organism's GENETIC makeup, or allele combinations. This is…
An organism that has two different alleles for one trait such…
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics. A Monk that studied pea plants and learne…
allele
different forms of a gene
Genetics
genetics
heredity
trait
gene
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from one generation to the next
a specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from one generation to the next
30 terms
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True Breeding
Plants that self pollinate are known a…
Plant eggs found in the female part of…
Austrian monk that studied the characteristics of pea plants…
Self pollinating plant's offspring are genetically identical…
Hermaphroditic
Ovary
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk that studied the characteristics of pea plants…
True Breeding
Self pollinating plant's offspring are genetically identical…
15 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Gene
Trait
the delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring.
the scientific study of heredity.
a segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
a specific characteristic of an individual determined by that…
Heredity
the delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring.
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity.
10 terms
Genetics
Inherited Trait
Learned Behavior
Population
Genetics
A characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring
A behavior that has been learned from experience or observation
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Scientific study of heredity
Inherited Trait
A characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring
Learned Behavior
A behavior that has been learned from experience or observation
37 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and R…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
38 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and R…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
10 terms
Genetics
homozygous
heterozygous
chromosome
diploid
An organism that has two identical genes for a trait.
An organism that has two different genes for a trait
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
of a cell or nucleus containing two complete sets of chromoso…
homozygous
An organism that has two identical genes for a trait.
heterozygous
An organism that has two different genes for a trait
13 terms
Genetics
nucleus
mitosis
meiosis
chromosome
the control center of the cell that contains DNA
process where cells divide into 2 cells exactly like the pare…
process for sex cell division into 4 cells each with half the…
containers that store DNA - 46 in humans
nucleus
the control center of the cell that contains DNA
mitosis
process where cells divide into 2 cells exactly like the pare…
15 terms
Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Cell Division
DNA
Genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance or visible traits
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genotype
Genetic makeup of an organism
Phenotype
An organism's physical appearance or visible traits
15 terms
GENETICS
CHROMOSOMES
ALLELE
RECESSIVE
DOMINANT
Threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Eac…
Alternative form of a gene.
Describes a trait that is covered over, or dominated, by anot…
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
CHROMOSOMES
Threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Eac…
ALLELE
Alternative form of a gene.
21 terms
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Father of Genetics
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
section of DNA that determines a specific trait
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics
Genetics
the study of heredity
14 terms
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Homozygous
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
24 terms
Genetics
genetics
true breeding
trait
characteristic
the study and application of how characteristics are passed o…
the organism has 2 identical alleles for a particular charact…
An alternate version of a characteristic
an inheritable feature
genetics
the study and application of how characteristics are passed o…
true breeding
the organism has 2 identical alleles for a particular charact…
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