Study sets matching "geo la"

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Study sets matching "geo la"

Geology
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Seismic waves
Geology
the crust and rigid upper layer of the mantle which float on…
the lower, very molten part of the mantle upon which the lith…
the vibration that is released during an earthquake
study of the Earth
Lithosphere
the crust and rigid upper layer of the mantle which float on…
Asthenosphere
the lower, very molten part of the mantle upon which the lith…
Geology
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Continental Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
The liquid layer of the Earth's core that lies beneath the Ma…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
Mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
14 terms
Geology
Rock Cycle
metamorphic
Sedimentary
Igneous
a repeated series of events by which rock gradually and conti…
Rocks that undergo a physical change due to extreme heat and…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Rock Cycle
a repeated series of events by which rock gradually and conti…
metamorphic
Rocks that undergo a physical change due to extreme heat and…
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
47 terms
Geology
Continental Drift
Evidence of Continental Drift
Seafloor spreading
Convergent Plate Boundaries
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Matching Fossils on different continents. ... Shapes of the cont…
The process by which new seafloor (crust) is made at the mid-…
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Evidence of Continental Drift
Matching Fossils on different continents. ... Shapes of the cont…
18 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
28 terms
Geology
Richter Scale
Earthquake Fault
Magnitude
Earthquake Focus
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
A break or crack along which rocks move, place where large pa…
Measure of the energy released during an earthquake
The underground point of origin of an earthquake where rocks…
Richter Scale
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
Earthquake Fault
A break or crack along which rocks move, place where large pa…
145 terms
Geology
The Earth is made up of mostly what tw…
Silicon has a charge of
Oxygen has a charge of
Silicate minerals
Oxygen and Silicon
+4
-2
most common mineral on Earth; compose over 95% of the contine…
The Earth is made up of mostly what tw…
Oxygen and Silicon
Silicon has a charge of
+4
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
Geology
Compaction
Cementation
Rock Cycle Order
One-centimetre diameter crystal
sediments are deeply buried, placing them under pressure beca…
hardening and welding of clastic sediments by precipitation o…
Metamorphic, magma, igneous, sediment
cooled slowly at temperatures between 1100 C and 1200 C
Compaction
sediments are deeply buried, placing them under pressure beca…
Cementation
hardening and welding of clastic sediments by precipitation o…
Geology
Every branch of science must have
Scientific inquiry/scientific method
Use geology understand:
Geology
Facts, ideas, words (Antoine Lavoisier - chemist)
1. Data collected through observation... 2. Hypothesis - tentati…
1. problems like natural hazards (Volcanoes, earthquakes, tsu…
multi-disciplinary science, studies earth and its history
Every branch of science must have
Facts, ideas, words (Antoine Lavoisier - chemist)
Scientific inquiry/scientific method
1. Data collected through observation... 2. Hypothesis - tentati…
11 terms
Geology
Geology
Volcanoes
Eartquakes
Deserts and winds
...
...
...
Geology
...
Volcanoes
95 terms
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
10 terms
Geology
Geology
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
The study of the history of the Earth.
Force on one object or another.
The hard, thick, outer covering of the Earth
The layer of the Earth between the crust and the core.
Geology
The study of the history of the Earth.
Pressure
Force on one object or another.
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
geology
contour lines
contour interval
steep slope
gentle slope
determine with good accuracy the elevation or altitude of any…
the elevation difference between contour lines
contour lines
determine with good accuracy the elevation or altitude of any…
contour interval
the elevation difference between contour lines
94 terms
Geology
proton
neutron
electron
nucleus
a positive charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for…
a neutral charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for p…
a negative charge that surrounds the nucleus in clouds, depic…
The center of an atom
proton
a positive charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for…
neutron
a neutral charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for p…
36 terms
Geology
O Horizon (Humus)
Humus
R Horizon (Bedrock)
A Horizon (Top Soil)
Top of a profile, derived from plant and animal litter that w…
Mixture of decomposed organic materials and is usually dark i…
Bottom of the soil profile consisting of either unconsolidate…
Darker and richer in organic content than lower horizons, pre…
O Horizon (Humus)
Top of a profile, derived from plant and animal litter that w…
Humus
Mixture of decomposed organic materials and is usually dark i…
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
16 terms
geology
latidude
longitude
valley
canyon
the angular distance of a place north or south
the angular distance of a place east or west
a low area of land between hills or mountains
a deep gorge
latidude
the angular distance of a place north or south
longitude
the angular distance of a place east or west
54 terms
Geology
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
any remains, trace, or imprint of a plant or animal that has…
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced
continental drift
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
Geology
volcano
continent
magma
lava
A weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface.
large landmasses of Earth
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface.
continent
large landmasses of Earth
38 terms
Geology
uniformitarianism
erosion
metamorphic rock
relative age
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Geology
Monomineralic
Polymineralic
sedimetary rock
igneous rock
Term used to describe rocks consisting almost entirely of a s…
rocks made of many minerals. most rocks are polymineralic
Formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks that…
rock formed from the cooling of molten rock; can be extrusive…
Monomineralic
Term used to describe rocks consisting almost entirely of a s…
Polymineralic
rocks made of many minerals. most rocks are polymineralic
28 terms
Geology
mineral
rock cycle
sedimentary rock
sediments
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
1. rock composed of small, broken pieces of other rocks, plan…
small, broken pieces of rocks, plants, or animals formed by e…
mineral
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
rock cycle
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
13 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
20 terms
Geology
What are the three ways a rocks are ca…
In which type of rock might you discov…
Magma that reaches the surface is call…
Magma below the surface that cools and…
1. Origin... 2. Texture... 3. Composition
Sedimentary
Lava
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
What are the three ways a rocks are ca…
1. Origin... 2. Texture... 3. Composition
In which type of rock might you discov…
Sedimentary
81 terms
Geology
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Catastrophism
James Ussher, Mid-1600s)
Examines Earth materials and seeks to understand the many pro…
Seeks an understanding of the origin of Earth and its develop…
Earth's landscapes were shaped primarily by catastrophes.
Who founded catastophism (and when)?
Physical Geology
Examines Earth materials and seeks to understand the many pro…
Historical Geology
Seeks an understanding of the origin of Earth and its develop…
33 terms
Geology
Earth
Hydrogen and Helium
Gravity
Fusion
Began 12.4 billion years ago in the Big Bang
The first Matters that formed
Pulled the gas together in which it created fusion
Created the stars
Earth
Began 12.4 billion years ago in the Big Bang
Hydrogen and Helium
The first Matters that formed
Geology
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
clastic
cooled from molten rock
made from pieces of pre-existing rock, usually in water, but…
rocks that that have been changed by either heat, pressure or…
made of pieces
igneous
cooled from molten rock
sedimentary
made from pieces of pre-existing rock, usually in water, but…
39 terms
Geology
continental drift
plate tectonics
subduction zone
geologic timetable
大陸漂移
板塊構造
隱沒帶
...
continental drift
大陸漂移
plate tectonics
板塊構造
23 terms
Geology
Rock types
Igneous
Sedimentary
Sedimentary rock types
Classified according to to their origins: Igneous, sedimentar…
Rock formed thru cooling and solidification of magma/lava
Rock formed by deposits of minerals & organic material and ar…
Coal, Limestone (animal shells), Stalactitie, Rock salt
Rock types
Classified according to to their origins: Igneous, sedimentar…
Igneous
Rock formed thru cooling and solidification of magma/lava
Geology
Convergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Crust
Mantle
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
Geology
geology
geologist
continent
pressure
the study of planet Earth
a person who studies planet Earth
one of Earth's great landmasses
applying weight to something
geology
the study of planet Earth
geologist
a person who studies planet Earth
Geology
pyrite
Quartz
Malachite
Talc
Hardness: 6-6.5... Streak: Silver (grey)... Luster: metallic... usage:…
Hardness: 7... Streak: white... Luster: nonmetallic... Usage:glass and…
Hardness: 3.5-4... Streak: green... Luster: nonmetallic... usage: ore…
Hardness: 1... streak: white... luster: nonmetallic... usage: baby pow…
pyrite
Hardness: 6-6.5... Streak: Silver (grey)... Luster: metallic... usage:…
Quartz
Hardness: 7... Streak: white... Luster: nonmetallic... Usage:glass and…
48 terms
Geology
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Elastic Limit
Pressure= uniform stress in all directions
the force acting on a surface may be greater in certain direc…
Change in shape or volume of a rock in response to stress (de…
temporary change in shape or volume, material rebounds after…
Deformation
Pressure= uniform stress in all directions
Stress
the force acting on a surface may be greater in certain direc…
Geology
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
any remains, trace, or imprint of a plant or animal that has…
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced
continental drift
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
Geology
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
The Earth's inner core is the Earth's innermost part and acco…
The outer core of the Earth is a liquid layer about 2,300 km…
The region of the interior of the Earth between the core (on…
form into a hard outer layer
Inner Core
The Earth's inner core is the Earth's innermost part and acco…
Outer Core
The outer core of the Earth is a liquid layer about 2,300 km…
24 terms
Geology
crust
mantle
inner core
outer core
rock and water
partially motlen rock
solid iron and nickel
molten iron and nickel
crust
rock and water
mantle
partially motlen rock
67 terms
Geology
mineral
element
compound
crystal
a naturally formed , inorganic solid that has a definite crys…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atom of two or more different elements…
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
mineral
a naturally formed , inorganic solid that has a definite crys…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Geology
Stratigraphy
Geology
The scientific method
2 broad areas of geology
The science of rock layers and the process be which strata ar…
The scientific study of earth... Including how it formed, nature…
Observations, testable hypotheses, reproducible procedures,... T…
Physical, historical
Stratigraphy
The science of rock layers and the process be which strata ar…
Geology
The scientific study of earth... Including how it formed, nature…
194 terms
Geology
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Astronomy
*From the oceans to the land, back to the oceans.... *71% of Ear…
*Gaseous envelope around the earth
*Plants are responsible for oxygen production, which animals…
*Earth's place in a solar system and universe
Hydrosphere
*From the oceans to the land, back to the oceans.... *71% of Ear…
Atmosphere
*Gaseous envelope around the earth
Geology
Brittle deformation
Ductile deformation
Why do rocks inside the earth deform b…
Strain
when many chemical bond that connect the atoms of a mineral b…
some chemical bonds break but new ones quickly form so grain…
many factors take play: Temperature(Warmer rocks=Ductile ,Col…
the measure of the change in shape or distortion that deforma…
Brittle deformation
when many chemical bond that connect the atoms of a mineral b…
Ductile deformation
some chemical bonds break but new ones quickly form so grain…
35 terms
GEOLOGY
Horns
Arete
Maroon Bells
Pyramid Peak
Pyramid Peak, Maroon Bells, Capitol Peak, Snowmass Mountain
Knife edge on capitol peak, ridge up to highlands bowl
domed, horn carved by glaciers
domed, horn, sedimentary
Horns
Pyramid Peak, Maroon Bells, Capitol Peak, Snowmass Mountain
Arete
Knife edge on capitol peak, ridge up to highlands bowl
99 terms
Geology
Law of super position
Principal of original horizontality
Cross-cutting relationships
Inclusions
Oldest rocks on bottom, youngest on the top
Most layers are deposited in a horizontal position
When a fault cuts through other rock or when magma intrudes a…
fragments of one rock unit that have been enclosed with anoth…
Law of super position
Oldest rocks on bottom, youngest on the top
Principal of original horizontality
Most layers are deposited in a horizontal position
1,656 terms
Geology
Energy
Work
Happen
Electrical work
The ability to do work or the ability to make something happen
Energy is the ability to do ______ or the ability to make som…
Energy is the ability to do work or the ability to make somet…
What type of energy does this symbol represent?
Energy
The ability to do work or the ability to make something happen
Work
Energy is the ability to do ______ or the ability to make som…
116 terms
Geology
Relative dating/Chronostratigraphy
Absolute dating/Geochronology
Stratigraphy
Original Horizontality
-Placing the sequence of rock units and Earth history events…
-Correlating and assigning ages in years before present to ro…
Study of layered sedimentary rocks... -composition(lithology)... -c…
-Particles settling from fluids will form horizontal layers... -…
Relative dating/Chronostratigraphy
-Placing the sequence of rock units and Earth history events…
Absolute dating/Geochronology
-Correlating and assigning ages in years before present to ro…
112 terms
Geology
Hydrologic Cycle
Evaporation
Precipitation
Sublimation
Describes the motion of water through the Earth's various res…
water to water vapor
water vapor to liquid
ice to water vapor
Hydrologic Cycle
Describes the motion of water through the Earth's various res…
Evaporation
water to water vapor
24 terms
geology
geological
fault
plate tectonics
elastic rebound theory
having to do with geology, the science of earth's history
the boundary between two rock sections that have been displac…
the theory that the Earth's crust is made up of rigid plates…
explains how rocks spring back to their original shape after…
geological
having to do with geology, the science of earth's history
fault
the boundary between two rock sections that have been displac…
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