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Study sets matching "geology 107"

69 terms
geology 107
hematite
galena
pyrite
sphalerite
big red, earthy, leaves red streak (mineral)
gun metal, jagged, 2.5 sharpness, big (mineral)
yellowish gold, "fools gold", no defined cleavage (mineral)
small brown, metallic (mineral)
hematite
big red, earthy, leaves red streak (mineral)
galena
gun metal, jagged, 2.5 sharpness, big (mineral)
20 terms
Geology 107 Minerals- pictures
Amphibole
Biotite Mica
Calcite
Fluorite
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
olor Usually white but also colorless, gray, red, green, blue…
Commonly in cube-shaped crystals with four cleavage direction…
Amphibole
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Biotite Mica
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
28 terms
geology 107
What is a mineral?
8 most abundant elemtns in the earth's…
What is an ion?
What is a cation?
1. naturall occuring... 2. solid... 3. formed by geologic processes…
oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
...
Element/ atom with a positive net charge, electron lost
What is a mineral?
1. naturall occuring... 2. solid... 3. formed by geologic processes…
8 most abundant elemtns in the earth's…
oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
68 terms
Geology 107
Geology
Historical Geology
Physical Geology
Theory
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
A major division of geology that deals with the origin of Ear…
The materials composing earth and seeks to understand the man…
A well-tested/widely accepted hypothesis that survives rigoro…
Geology
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
Historical Geology
A major division of geology that deals with the origin of Ear…
178 terms
Geology 107
Paleobiology
Trace Fossils
History
Evolution
Study of history and evolution of life as revealed by the fos…
Represent the behavior of the organism. Very important becaus…
Pattern
Processs
Paleobiology
Study of history and evolution of life as revealed by the fos…
Trace Fossils
Represent the behavior of the organism. Very important becaus…
62 terms
GEOLOGY 107 HCC
Earth's Interior - put in order bottom…
Name 2 FELSIC Igneous Rock & whether I…
Name 2 INTERMEDIATE Igneous Rock & whe…
Name 2 MAFIC Igneous Rock & whether In…
asthenosphere... moho... lithosphere... continental... oceanic
Granite - Intrusive; Rhyolite Extrusive
Diorite - Intrusive; Andesite - Extrusive
Gabbro - Intrusive; Basalt - Extrusive
Earth's Interior - put in order bottom…
asthenosphere... moho... lithosphere... continental... oceanic
Name 2 FELSIC Igneous Rock & whether I…
Granite - Intrusive; Rhyolite Extrusive
73 terms
GEOLOGY 107 HCC Streams
Stream
Perennial Streams
Ephemeral Streams
Factors that affect streams
surface water whose flow is confined to channel (river, bayou…
flow all year like Mississippi River
only flow in response to rainfall or snowmelt; intermittent
steepness; sediment supply; climate; tectonic history
Stream
surface water whose flow is confined to channel (river, bayou…
Perennial Streams
flow all year like Mississippi River
31 terms
Geology 107 Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Bituminous Coal
Breccia
Chert
are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subse…
Crystalline texture with accumulation of organic material, mo…
Clastic texture with (bigger than sand-size), angular rock fr…
Crystalline texture containing silica with siliceous composit…
Sedimentary Rocks
are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subse…
Bituminous Coal
Crystalline texture with accumulation of organic material, mo…
26 terms
Geology 107: Homework #4
The more silica in magma, the lower th…
As a result of partial melting, magma…
When lava erupts at Earth's surface, w…
Pyroclastic debris from a volcanic eru…
False
the mantle and crust
extrusive
ash and cinders
The more silica in magma, the lower th…
False
As a result of partial melting, magma…
the mantle and crust
50 terms
Geology 107 Exam 3
Features of the seafloor
Mid-ocean ridges
abyssal hills
abyssal plains
mid-ocean ridges; abyssal hills; abyssal plains; trenches; vo…
where new ocean crust is created and seafloor starts spreading
crust moving away from mid-ocean ridge is cooling and sinking…
crust continuing to move away from mid-ocean ridge is cooling…
Features of the seafloor
mid-ocean ridges; abyssal hills; abyssal plains; trenches; vo…
Mid-ocean ridges
where new ocean crust is created and seafloor starts spreading
24 terms
Geology 107 Homework #9
Polar and subarctic climates generally…
In 1991, Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippin…
Your roommate, who has not studied cli…
In a conversation with a friend, he ex…
In cold climates, the low temperatures mean there is little e…
The ash and smoke could lead to an increase in clouds and fog…
When there are more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the g…
Weather and climate are different. Cooler weather does not me…
Polar and subarctic climates generally…
In cold climates, the low temperatures mean there is little e…
In 1991, Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippin…
The ash and smoke could lead to an increase in clouds and fog…
124 terms
Geology 107 Exam 2
97.2%
2.15%
.63%
.01%
Earth's ocean water percentage
Earth's glacier and polar ice percentage
Earth's groundwater percentage
Earth's lakes and rivers water percentage
97.2%
Earth's ocean water percentage
2.15%
Earth's glacier and polar ice percentage
20 terms
Minerals Pictures Geology 107
Talc
Sphalerite
Quartz
Pyroxene
Talc
Sphalerite
11 terms
Geology 107 Quiz #5
______ faults are associated with ____…
Which are the last seismic waves to ar…
Which type of seismic wave can pass th…
Which type of earthquake destruction c…
Megathrust; convergent
Surface Waves
P-waves
Liquefaction
______ faults are associated with ____…
Megathrust; convergent
Which are the last seismic waves to ar…
Surface Waves
23 terms
Geology 107 Lecture 10
Core
Mantle
Crust
Inner core
The center of earth also the densest part ( metallic, iron, n…
Surrounds the core
Surrounds mantle the thinnest and outermost layer
High pressures = solid iron at high temperature (70000C)
Core
The center of earth also the densest part ( metallic, iron, n…
Mantle
Surrounds the core
20 terms
Geology 107 Minerals- pictures
Amphibole
Biotite Mica
Calcite
Fluorite
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
olor Usually white but also colorless, gray, red, green, blue…
Commonly in cube-shaped crystals with four cleavage direction…
Amphibole
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Biotite Mica
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
46 terms
Geology 107 Lab quiz
Attitude
Strike
Direction of dip
Angle of dip
the precise orientation of any planar feature associated with…
a horizontal line plane of bedding expressed as a compass dir…
the compass direction in which the layer is inclined downward…
the angle between a horizontal plane and a bedding plane. The…
Attitude
the precise orientation of any planar feature associated with…
Strike
a horizontal line plane of bedding expressed as a compass dir…
130 terms
Geology 107 Exam #2
Know the relative distribution of wate…
Know the relative distribution of wate…
Know the relative distribution of wate…
Know the relative distribution of wate…
97.2%
2.15% 10 percent
0.63%
0.010%
Know the relative distribution of wate…
97.2%
Know the relative distribution of wate…
2.15% 10 percent
13 terms
Geology 107 Pictures of rocks
Granite
Rhyolite
Diorite
Andesite
Granite
Rhyolite
51 terms
Geology 107 Exam 2
Oceans
Glaciers and Polar Ice
Groundwater
Hydrologic Cycle
97.2% of water on earth
2.15% of water on earth
0.63% of water on earth
Oceans=more evap than precip, Land=more precip than evap, sur…
Oceans
97.2% of water on earth
Glaciers and Polar Ice
2.15% of water on earth
41 terms
Geology 107 Ch 7
sedimentary rocks
Grain size moved by wind
Grain size moved by ice
Grain size moved by water
thin layer, barely 5% of the earth's crust; 75% of exposed ro…
fine grained (silt)
all sizes
all sizes
sedimentary rocks
thin layer, barely 5% of the earth's crust; 75% of exposed ro…
Grain size moved by wind
fine grained (silt)
153 terms
Geology 107 Exam Terms
The late Proterozoic supercontinent
The common name for the "monogenesis"…
The climactic cycle/regime that charac…
A general term for ecological strategi…
Rodinia
Out of Africa
Greenhouse
Guild
The late Proterozoic supercontinent
Rodinia
The common name for the "monogenesis"…
Out of Africa
37 terms
Geology 107 Ch 5
example of quiet volcano
example of explosive volcanoe
volcanism
how are extrusive rocks formed in volc…
hawaii
Mt. St. Helens and Krakatau
geologic processes involved in eruptions
cooling in lava
example of quiet volcano
hawaii
example of explosive volcanoe
Mt. St. Helens and Krakatau
22 terms
Geology 107 Ch. 12 Vocab
Deformation
Anticline
brittle deformation
Compression
-a process by which rocks bend, break, or flow in response to…
A fold with an arch-like shape in which the limbs dip away fr…
The cracking and fracturing of a material subjected to stress
A push or squeezing felt by a body
Deformation
-a process by which rocks bend, break, or flow in response to…
Anticline
A fold with an arch-like shape in which the limbs dip away fr…
113 terms
Geology 107 Test 1
mineral
oxygen and silicon
magnesium
elements
building blocks of rocks... -naturally occurring... -solid... -formed…
top 2 out of 8 elements that make up the most of the 98.5% of…
element that makes up the least of the 98.5% of crystal mass
fundamental components of matter... -cannot be broken into simpl…
mineral
building blocks of rocks... -naturally occurring... -solid... -formed…
oxygen and silicon
top 2 out of 8 elements that make up the most of the 98.5% of…
138 terms
GEOLOGY 107 Final (USC)
mammals
sea otters
whales
baleen whales
warm-blooded, 4 chambered heart, live young, mammary glands,…
smallest marine mammal, eat sea urchins, carnivores
a type of Cetacean, spend entire lives in water, but still br…
expandable throat swallows busload of water, baleen filters m…
mammals
warm-blooded, 4 chambered heart, live young, mammary glands,…
sea otters
smallest marine mammal, eat sea urchins, carnivores
9 terms
Geology 107: Quiz #4
GPS units, satellites, and lasers are…
Relative to water, syrup has a _____ r…
Shield volcanoes produce lava that is…
Why do many people consider Mount Rain…
Inflation
higher; higher
mafic
It has a very thick mantle of snow and glacial ice on its fla…
GPS units, satellites, and lasers are…
Inflation
Relative to water, syrup has a _____ r…
higher; higher
40 terms
Geology 107 Exam #2
What are the main parts of the hydrolo…
Drainage basin
Drainage divide
Four patterns of river drainage
Evaporation, precipitation, runoff, groundwater and transipra…
Area over which if precipitation falls it would be drained by…
Boundaries, generally at higher elevation areas that define t…
Dendritic, rectangular, trellis, radial
What are the main parts of the hydrolo…
Evaporation, precipitation, runoff, groundwater and transipra…
Drainage basin
Area over which if precipitation falls it would be drained by…
15 terms
Geology 107 Homework #6
What is the driving force behind pyroc…
Lahar
Pyroclastic flow
Which of the following features at Yel…
Gravity
Fluid mudflow of volcanic debris
Hot, fast moving body of expanding gas and ash that hugs the…
Welded tuff... Rising (or bowing upward) ground near Yellowstone…
What is the driving force behind pyroc…
Gravity
Lahar
Fluid mudflow of volcanic debris
9 terms
Geology 107 Quiz #6
Normal faults occur where _____.
________ are smaller earthquakes of le…
What is the definition of the focus?
Slippage along faults occurs all at on…
the crust is being elongated
Aftershocks
The exact location on the fault where slippage occurs
False
Normal faults occur where _____.
the crust is being elongated
________ are smaller earthquakes of le…
Aftershocks
31 terms
Geology 107 Homework #7
When a fault is expressed at the surfa…
The name of the site where slippage be…
If the stress applied to the rock is g…
The hanging wall moves __________ rela…
fault scarp
hypocenter
Blocks of rock will slide relative to one another along a fau…
down; normal
When a fault is expressed at the surfa…
fault scarp
The name of the site where slippage be…
hypocenter
21 terms
Igneous Rocks Geology- with pictures 107
Granite
Rhyolite
Diorite
Andesite
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Fine grained (aphanitic) felsic
Coarse grained (phaneritic), intermediate
Fine-grained (aphanitic), Intermediate
Granite
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Rhyolite
Fine grained (aphanitic) felsic
Diorama Virtual Lab GEOLOGY 107
ARCHEAN
EDIACARAN
CAMBRIAN
CAMBRIAN
ARCHEAN
EDIACARAN
16 terms
geology 107 test 3
mid-ocean ridges
abyssal hills
abyssal plains
deep-ocean trenches
where new ocean crust is created... * plates moving apart create…
crust moving away from mid-ocean ridge cools & sinks (ocean d…
crust continuing to move away from mid-ocean ridge cools & si…
occur at convergent plate boundaries where oceanic lithospher…
mid-ocean ridges
where new ocean crust is created... * plates moving apart create…
abyssal hills
crust moving away from mid-ocean ridge cools & sinks (ocean d…
175 terms
Geology 107 | Exam 1
mineral
Eight most common elements in earth cr…
ion
cation
naturally occuring, solid, formed by geological processes, in…
Oxygen, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium
charged atom
positively charged
mineral
naturally occuring, solid, formed by geological processes, in…
Eight most common elements in earth cr…
Oxygen, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium
71 terms
Geology 107 Exam 2
Drainage Basin
Drainage Divide
Dendritic
Rectangular
Area of low elevation where water from rain, snow, and ice co…
Elevated boundary that separates drainage basins
Like the branches of a tree, many streams meeting at one point
bend/ curve at nearby right angles, flow along fractured joints
Drainage Basin
Area of low elevation where water from rain, snow, and ice co…
Drainage Divide
Elevated boundary that separates drainage basins
95 terms
Geology 107 Exam 1
Mineral
8 Most common elements
Ion... Cation... Anion
Ionic Bond
Naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
total # of electrons doesn't equal # of protons... ion w/ net (+…
oppositely charged atoms bond together (NaCl)
Mineral
Naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
8 Most common elements
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
45 terms
Geology 107 Exam 2
Atmosphere
Atmosphere
ozone layer
oxygen and carbon dioxide
what is a mix of gases, liquids and solids held close to eart…
What holds warmth needed for life
What protects living cells from UV radiation?
holds components that sustain life
Atmosphere
what is a mix of gases, liquids and solids held close to eart…
Atmosphere
What holds warmth needed for life
20 terms
Igneous Rocks Geology 107
Granite
Diorite
Andesite
Gabbro
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Coarse grained (phaneritic), intermediate, plagioclase feldsp…
Fine-grained (aphanitic), Intermediate, has plagioclase, biot…
Coarse-grained (phaneritic), Mafic... Common minerals: plagiocla…
Granite
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Diorite
Coarse grained (phaneritic), intermediate, plagioclase feldsp…
20 terms
Geology 107 - minerals and rocks
Amphibole
Biotite Mica
Calcite
Fluorite
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
olor Usually white but also colorless, gray, red, green, blue…
Commonly in cube-shaped crystals with four cleavage direction…
Amphibole
Color Dark green, dark brown, black... Cleavage Two directions t…
Biotite Mica
Dark colored mica; one perfect cleavage into flexible sheets
21 terms
Igneous Rocks Geology 107
Granite
Rhyolite
Diorite
Andesite
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Fine grained (aphanitic) felsic
Coarse grained (phaneritic), intermediate
Fine-grained (aphanitic), Intermediate
Granite
Coarse grain (phaneritic), Felsic... Common minerals: quartz, or…
Rhyolite
Fine grained (aphanitic) felsic
72 terms
Geology 107 Test 1
Describe earth's spheres by compositio…
Describe earth's sphere by physical ch…
Non-rock Earth spheres
continental crust is composed of _____…
core: metallic iron/nickel, inner and outer core.... mantle: den…
-Lithosphere: includes crust & uppermost mantle. brittle.... -As…
hydrosphere: Ocean, covers 71% of earth's surface.... atmosphere…
granite ; basalt... peridotite
Describe earth's spheres by compositio…
core: metallic iron/nickel, inner and outer core.... mantle: den…
Describe earth's sphere by physical ch…
-Lithosphere: includes crust & uppermost mantle. brittle.... -As…
19 terms
Geology 107 Exam 3
Largest earthquakes usually happen
Which is not correct about tsunamis?
What is the sense of motion at the EQ…
Which of the following is not correct?
At subduction zones
They are usually excited by big earthquakes on land
Strike-slip (shear) along a plane
EQs could only occur at a depth <200 km
Largest earthquakes usually happen
At subduction zones
Which is not correct about tsunamis?
They are usually excited by big earthquakes on land
95 terms
Geology 107 Exam 1
Mineral
8 Most common elements
Ion... Cation... Anion
Ionic Bond
Naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
total # of electrons doesn't equal # of protons... ion w/ net (+…
oppositely charged atoms bond together (NaCl)
Mineral
Naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
8 Most common elements
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium,…
100 terms
Geology 107 Exam 1
mineral
most common elements?
cation
anion
naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron
atom with net + charge
atom with net - charge
mineral
naturally occurring, solid, formed by geologic processes, ino…
most common elements?
oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron
35 terms
Geology 107 Final Exam
Mid-ocean ridge
Abyssal hills
Abyssal plains
Trenches
where new ocean crust is created - plates moving apart create…
crust moving away from the mid-ocean ridge is cooling and sin…
crust continuing to move away from mid-ocean ridge is cooling…
occur at convergent plate boundaries where oceanic lithospher…
Mid-ocean ridge
where new ocean crust is created - plates moving apart create…
Abyssal hills
crust moving away from the mid-ocean ridge is cooling and sin…
20 terms
Geology 107: Exam 1
Basalt Minerals
Granite Minerals
Limestone Minerals
Amphibolite Minerals
plagioclase, olivine, pyroxene
quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase
calcite
amphibole, plagioclase, epidote
Basalt Minerals
plagioclase, olivine, pyroxene
Granite Minerals
quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase
54 terms
Geology 107 test 2
calcareous phytoplankton
describe foraminifera... -kingdom... -plankt…
describe pteropods... -kingdom... -zoo/phyto…
describe radiolaria... -kingdom... -zoo/phyt…
coccolithophores ("liths" = plates)
-kingdom protista... -planktonic AND benthic (planktonic look li…
-animalia... -zooplankton... -aragonite --> CaCO3 but not as durabl…
-protista... -zooplankton... -siliceous tests... -high productivity ar…
calcareous phytoplankton
coccolithophores ("liths" = plates)
describe foraminifera... -kingdom... -plankt…
-kingdom protista... -planktonic AND benthic (planktonic look li…
Geology 107 Test #1
Lithosphere
What is the transition zone identified…
How do igneous rocks form?
How do sedimentary rocks form?
The crust plus the upper mantle
A sudden increase in density
Cooling and crystalization of magma.
Weathering and transportation of igneous rocks to sediment, t…
Lithosphere
The crust plus the upper mantle
What is the transition zone identified…
A sudden increase in density
50 terms
Geology 107 Ch. 17
Periglacial denotes what?
In what regions do glaciers form?
About 70% of earth's water is stored i…
What are the two main types of glaciers?
An area adjacent to a glacier or ice sheet
Regions where there are low temperatures and high amounts of…
Cryosphere
1.Alpine... 2.Ice sheets/Continental
Periglacial denotes what?
An area adjacent to a glacier or ice sheet
In what regions do glaciers form?
Regions where there are low temperatures and high amounts of…
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