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Study sets matching "geology earth space science"

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Study sets matching "geology earth space science"

Science geology/earth and space
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
Clasts
is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or…
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
is a type of rock which has been changed by extreme heat and…
When rock is weathered it is broken down into smaller pieces
Igneous
is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or…
Sedimentary
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
53 terms
Earth/Space Science - Physical Geology
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Igneous
Lithification
Cementation
Magma
Three major subdivisions of rocks
The process of transforming fluid sediments into solid sedime…
The process of converting sediments to sedimentary rock throu…
Molten rock
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Igneous
Three major subdivisions of rocks
Lithification
The process of transforming fluid sediments into solid sedime…
41 terms
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
26 terms
Earth and Space Science Geology 1
Extrusive rocks, which cool more rapid…
Igneous rocks are formed___
Sediment
Deposition
Smooth due to the small crystals. Intrusive rocks are more gr…
When magma cools.
Any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow…
The geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are…
Extrusive rocks, which cool more rapid…
Smooth due to the small crystals. Intrusive rocks are more gr…
Igneous rocks are formed___
When magma cools.
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
87 terms
Earth and space sciences physical geology
Minerals
Crystallization
Magma
Lava
Naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline solids with a spec…
The process in which existing atoms combine to form minerals
Melted rock beneath the earth's surface
Melted rock that has escaped onto earth's surface
Minerals
Naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline solids with a spec…
Crystallization
The process in which existing atoms combine to form minerals
79 terms
Earth/Space Sciences - Historical Geology
Uniformitarianism
Stratum
Geologic Column
Stratigraphy
States that the physical, chemical, and biological laws that…
One of many layers of the Earth materials - rocks, soils, and…
A method for arranging rock systems in their correct chronolo…
The study of regional land forms to detail and understand the…
Uniformitarianism
States that the physical, chemical, and biological laws that…
Stratum
One of many layers of the Earth materials - rocks, soils, and…
41 terms
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
41 terms
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
41 terms
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
41 terms
Praxis II 5018 Geology-Earth & Space Science
Chemical Weathering
Earth's Basic Structure
Physical Weathering
Magnetic Field
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Core, Mantle, Crust
*caused by the effects of changing temperature on rocks, caus…
It's thought that the Earth's magnetic field is generated by…
Chemical Weathering
* rain water reacting with the mineral grains in rocks to for…
Earth's Basic Structure
Core, Mantle, Crust
30 terms
Earth Space Unit 1: Branches of Science & History of Geology
Physical and Biological
Physical
Oceanography, Geology, Astronomy, Mete…
Speleology
two main branches of science
main branch of science that Earth Science falls under
Name at least two of the four branches of Earth Space Science
study of caves
Physical and Biological
two main branches of science
Physical
main branch of science that Earth Science falls under
54 terms
Space & Earth Science Chapter 13: Introduction to Geology
the literal meaning of geology
geology
geologist
evidence of a Creationist view
the study of the earth
the science of the earth's rocks and minerals, their structur…
a scientist who specializes in the study of the solid part of…
earth's mass, earth's rotation, earth's gravity, earth's atmo…
the literal meaning of geology
the study of the earth
geology
the science of the earth's rocks and minerals, their structur…
12 terms
Earth and Space Science: Earth in Space
Asteroids
Tides
Axis
Rotation
small, rocky bodies that move with a solar system
the alternating rise and fall of the surface of the ocean or…
an imaginary straight line running through Earth from pole to…
the spinning of a body, like Earth, on its axis
Asteroids
small, rocky bodies that move with a solar system
Tides
the alternating rise and fall of the surface of the ocean or…
97 terms
Earth & Space Science Review
Constructive process
Constructive process
Constructive process
What makes deltas and sand dunes?
volcanos
tectonics plates
sediment
sediment
Constructive process
volcanos
Constructive process
tectonics plates
40 terms
Earth and Space Science
Apparent Magnitude
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Biosphere
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
unit used to measure distances in the solar system
refers to the part of the Earth in which all the life forms e…
Apparent Magnitude
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
Asteroid Belt
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
22 terms
Space and Earth Science Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
11 terms
Earth & Space Science
Axis
Constellation
Equator
Galaxy
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
A pattern or grouping of stars that people imagine to represe…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
Constellation
A pattern or grouping of stars that people imagine to represe…
99 terms
earth and space sciences: historical geology, oceans, seasons, winds, clouds
stratigraphy
Nicholas Steno
principle of horizontal originality
law of superposition
geologic study of the stratification of rock layers in sedime…
credited with starting stratigraphy
rocks were formed in horizontal layers caused by gravity
the oldest layers are at the bottom and and youngest are at t…
stratigraphy
geologic study of the stratification of rock layers in sedime…
Nicholas Steno
credited with starting stratigraphy
22 terms
Additional Science Terms EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE- Geology & Terms (Yellow Packet)
River Valley
Glacier
Contour Plowing
Terracing
The fertile land surrounding a river
A slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulati…
Plowing around the contour of a hill rather than up and down,…
Creating flat platforms in the hillside that provide a level…
River Valley
The fertile land surrounding a river
Glacier
A slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulati…
65 terms
Earth and Space Science
anemometer
barometer
climate
convection
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
The average course or condition of the weather at a place usu…
The circulatory motion that occurs in a fluid at a non-unifro…
anemometer
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
barometer
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
30 terms
Earth and Space Science
weathering
physical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
occurs when rainwater or melted ice soaks into tiny cracks in…
the process when minerals in rock react chemically with air o…
weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
physical weathering
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
35 terms
Earth/Space Science Vocabulary
anemometer
axis
barometer
cardinal points or directions
spinning cups - measure wind speed
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
measures air pressure
north, south, east, west
anemometer
spinning cups - measure wind speed
axis
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
40 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Geologic time scale
Numerical dates
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
The division of Earth history into blocks of time, such as eo…
Dates that specify the actual number of years that have passe…
Catastrophism
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
9 terms
Earth & Space Science (Spanish)
Axis (El eje de la Tierra)
Revolution (Revolución)
Rotation (Rotación)
Orbit (órbita)
An imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth f…
When an object moves or orbits around another object.... Cuando…
When an object (Earth) spins on its axis.... Giro o vuelta de un…
The path an object takes when its revolving around another ob…
Axis (El eje de la Tierra)
An imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth f…
Revolution (Revolución)
When an object moves or orbits around another object.... Cuando…
172 terms
Earth & Space Science
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
Antarctic Circle
Arctic Circle
Located at 23.5 degrees north; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Located at 23.5 degrees south; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Located at 66.5 degrees south; the Sun is no longer visible a…
Located at 66.5 degrees north; the Sun is no longer visible a…
Tropic of Cancer
Located at 23.5 degrees north; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Tropic of Capricorn
Located at 23.5 degrees south; the Sun is directly overhead h…
172 terms
Earth & Space Science
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
Antarctic Circle
Arctic Circle
Located at 23.5 degrees north; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Located at 23.5 degrees south; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Located at 66.5 degrees south; the Sun is no longer visible a…
Located at 66.5 degrees north; the Sun is no longer visible a…
Tropic of Cancer
Located at 23.5 degrees north; the Sun is directly overhead h…
Tropic of Capricorn
Located at 23.5 degrees south; the Sun is directly overhead h…
42 terms
Earth & Space Science
What are the layers of the Earth?
What makes up the crust?
What is the thickest layer of the Earth?
What process happens in the mantle?
crust, mantle, outer core, and inner core
oceanic and continental plates
mantle
convection
What are the layers of the Earth?
crust, mantle, outer core, and inner core
What makes up the crust?
oceanic and continental plates
22 terms
Science - Earth and Space
Solar System
Planet
Dwarf Planet
Asteroids
a star and all the satellites that revolve around it such as…
a body in space that orbits the sun
a small body that orbits the sun; smaller than a planet
a piece of rock orbiting the sun; there are large groups of t…
Solar System
a star and all the satellites that revolve around it such as…
Planet
a body in space that orbits the sun
17 terms
Geology Earth & Space
What era of geological time do we live…
What are three good characteristics of…
What is meant by absolute time?
What is a varve and what does it repre…
Cenozoic - age of mammals
1. Easy to recognize ... 2. Found over a wide area - everywhere…
A real number, a actual age (tree rings)
A layer of sedimentary rock that represents one year
What era of geological time do we live…
Cenozoic - age of mammals
What are three good characteristics of…
1. Easy to recognize ... 2. Found over a wide area - everywhere…
35 terms
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
39 terms
Earth and Space Geology Test
formed from cooling and hardening of m…
formed by compaction and cementation
may be foliated or nonfoliated
formed by changes in existing rock
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
metamorphic
formed from cooling and hardening of m…
igneous
formed by compaction and cementation
sedimentary
10 terms
Earth and Space Science
Hydrolysis
mechanical weathering
Carbonation
Oxidation
the formation of new substances when water reacts of chemical…
the physical process by which environmental agents disintegra…
the conversion of a compound into a carbonate, which promotes…
the process by which a metallic element combines with oxygen
Hydrolysis
the formation of new substances when water reacts of chemical…
mechanical weathering
the physical process by which environmental agents disintegra…
29 terms
Earth & Space Science
Axis
Revolution
Rotation
Orbit
An imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth f…
When an object moves or orbits around another object. Causes…
When an object (Earth) spins on its axis. Causes day & night.
The path an object takes when its revolving around another ob…
Axis
An imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth f…
Revolution
When an object moves or orbits around another object. Causes…
23 terms
Earth and Space Geology Retake
Extrusive rocks, which cool more rapid…
Igneous rocks are formed when magma
Which of the following characteristics…
Lithification
finely grained
cools and solidifies
water flows downstream... water freezes and expands
Physical and chemical processes that compact and transform se…
Extrusive rocks, which cool more rapid…
finely grained
Igneous rocks are formed when magma
cools and solidifies
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
43 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
air mass
black hole
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
the nearly flat area of the ocean bottom where the ocean meet…
the sloping area that extends from the edge of the continenta…
air mass
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
black hole
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
74 terms
Earth and Space Science : Geology 101 with Bruce Sherman Test 2
Continental crust is composed mostly o…
The temperature at which a material me…
Which of the following is NOT about Bo…
Under which of the following condition…
Regional metamorphism
is the same temperature at which it crystalizes
It shows that minerals never form in the same order
High water content, low pressure
Continental crust is composed mostly o…
Regional metamorphism
The temperature at which a material me…
is the same temperature at which it crystalizes
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
14 terms
Earth and space science
revolution
rotation
equinox
solstice
revolution
rotation
7 terms
Earth and Space Science
celestial body
gravity
lunar eclipse
phases of the moon
a natural object located outside of the Earth's atmosphere, s…
a force that exists between two objects that have mass
when Earth is between the sun and the moon, casting a shadow…
the apparent shape of the lighted part of the moon viewed fro…
celestial body
a natural object located outside of the Earth's atmosphere, s…
gravity
a force that exists between two objects that have mass
10 terms
Earth and Space Science
planet
solar system
space
Sun
a large object that revolves around the Sun or another star.
the Sun and the group of objects that revolves around it.
the area past Earth's atmosphere
the star at the center of our solar system
planet
a large object that revolves around the Sun or another star.
solar system
the Sun and the group of objects that revolves around it.
13 terms
Science: Earth and Space
Earth
Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
Earth
Hemisphere
19 terms
Earth/Space Science Space Exploration
artificial
astronaut
astronomer
astronomy
manmade
a person who flies in a rocket or space... shuttle
one who studies astronomy or makes... observations of celestial…
the science of celestial bodies and their... properties
artificial
manmade
astronaut
a person who flies in a rocket or space... shuttle
21 terms
Earth and Space Science
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
Infiltration
Occurs when the physical state of water is changed from a liq…
Process by which water vapor changes it's physical state from…
Process that occurs when any and all forms of water particles…
Physical process involving movement of water through the boun…
Evaporation
Occurs when the physical state of water is changed from a liq…
Condensation
Process by which water vapor changes it's physical state from…
10 terms
Earth Space Science
Moon
Sun
Stars
Corona
the large round object that circles the Earth and that shines…
the star that the Earth moves around and that gives the Earth…
a natural glowing body visible in the sky especially at night
a bright circle seen around the sun or the moon
Moon
the large round object that circles the Earth and that shines…
Sun
the star that the Earth moves around and that gives the Earth…
40 terms
Earth and Space Science
Apparent Magnitude
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Biosphere
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
unit used to measure distances in the solar system
refers to the part of the Earth in which all the life forms e…
Apparent Magnitude
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
Asteroid Belt
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
15 terms
LSMS Earth Science Space
asteroid
black hole
comet
meteoroid
a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun and can be between…
an extremely dense object with gravitational pull so strong t…
small chunk of dirty ice, with a glowing tail of gas and dust
rocky object; much smaller than an asteroid
asteroid
a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun and can be between…
black hole
an extremely dense object with gravitational pull so strong t…
53 terms
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE- SPACE
Open System
Closed System
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Allows matter to pass across the system boundary. Energy can…
Does not allow matter to pass across system boundary. Energy…
Gas envelope surrounding Earth
All water on Earth
Open System
Allows matter to pass across the system boundary. Energy can…
Closed System
Does not allow matter to pass across system boundary. Energy…
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