Study sets matching "geology plate tectonics earthquakes"

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Study sets matching "geology plate tectonics earthquakes"

44 terms
Geology: plate tectonics + earthquakes
Folding
Anticline
Syncline
Faulting
Bending of the layers
Type of fold... UPFOLD
Type of fold... DOWNFOLDS
Breaking and moving layers of rock
Folding
Bending of the layers
Anticline
Type of fold... UPFOLD
40 terms
Geology Earthquakes//plate tectonics
Wegner proposed continental drift afte…
Currently, most geologists _____.... a. c…
The magnetic field of Earth in the geo…
The apparent tendency of the north (or…
d. combined to form a supercontinent (he termed Pangaea) in t…
c. agree that continental drift occurs; the mechanisms that d…
c. known to have experienced numerous polarity reversals, due…
d. polar wander
Wegner proposed continental drift afte…
d. combined to form a supercontinent (he termed Pangaea) in t…
Currently, most geologists _____.... a. c…
c. agree that continental drift occurs; the mechanisms that d…
Geology plate tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanoes
In 1915 a German scientist named _____…
Evidence of continental drift
Evidence to support sea floor spreading
Types of boundaries
Alfred wegner, continental drift
1. Coastlines have a puzzle like fit 2. Geologic rock evidenc…
1. Mid ocean ridges 2.Age evidence 3.Magnetic clues
Divergent, convergent, transform
In 1915 a German scientist named _____…
Alfred wegner, continental drift
Evidence of continental drift
1. Coastlines have a puzzle like fit 2. Geologic rock evidenc…
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics)
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Geology Lab Chapter 11:Plate tectonics and earthquakes
Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Fossil Record
Continental Shape
...
...
...
...
Plate Tectonics
...
Alfred Wegener
...
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics)
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
29 terms
Earthquake/geology vocab: theory of plate tectonics.
Theory of plate tectonics
sesimic waves
divergent
convergent
builds and moves continents
energy released by Earthquakes: encompasses all waves
spreading
colliding
Theory of plate tectonics
builds and moves continents
sesimic waves
energy released by Earthquakes: encompasses all waves
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
32 terms
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
Seismology
Seismologist
Tectonic plate
Fault
The branch of Earth science that examines earthquakes.
A scientist who studies earthquakes.
Large pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer.
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust…
Seismology
The branch of Earth science that examines earthquakes.
Seismologist
A scientist who studies earthquakes.
47 terms
Geology - Plate Tectonics and Geohazards
earthquake
volcano
landslide
avalanche
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
a slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or c…
a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain
earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
13 terms
Geology- Plate Tectonics
mid-oceanic ridge
island arc
inner core
outer core
A giant mountain range that lies under the ocean and extends…
A curved line of islands created from volcanic activity at co…
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core. Is l…
mid-oceanic ridge
A giant mountain range that lies under the ocean and extends…
island arc
A curved line of islands created from volcanic activity at co…
29 terms
Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Ocean-Ocean Convergent Boundary
Ocean-Continent Convergent Boundary
Continent-Continent Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Ocean-Ocean Convergent Boundary
Ocean-Continent Convergent Boundary
61 terms
Geology Test 1 (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics) Scimeca Copy
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Earthquakes & Plate Tectonics
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Subduct
The boundary where two plates come together.
The boundary where two plates are moving away from one another.
The boundary where two plates are sliding past one another.
When the more dense plate goes under the other plate.
Convergent Boundary
The boundary where two plates come together.
Divergent Boundary
The boundary where two plates are moving away from one another.
16 terms
Plate Tectonics - Earthquakes - Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sea-Floor Spreading
Subduction
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
Plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes
mantle
asthenosphere
lithosphere
magnetic field
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper ma…
area of charged particles that create a magnetic force, produ…
mantle
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
asthenosphere
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
10 terms
Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Plate Boundary
Divergent
Convergent
Anticline
The area where plates meet and collide, spread apart, or slid…
A boundary at which two plates spread apart or move away from…
A boundary at which two plates come together.
An upfold
Plate Boundary
The area where plates meet and collide, spread apart, or slid…
Divergent
A boundary at which two plates spread apart or move away from…
40 terms
PLATE TECTONICS / EARTHQUAKES / VOLCANOES
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
ball of hot, solid metals.
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock that is less dense th…
thin layer of cool rock that surrounds Earth somewhat like a…
inner core
ball of hot, solid metals.
outer core
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
28 terms
Earthquakes & Plate Tectonics
Tectonic Plates
Lithosphere
Convection Cell
Convergent Plates
Earth's crust broken into different sections called plates. P…
Upper mantle and crust that form tectonic plates.
A circular movement of magma from deep under Earth's crust an…
One plate remains in place while another plate is drawn under…
Tectonic Plates
Earth's crust broken into different sections called plates. P…
Lithosphere
Upper mantle and crust that form tectonic plates.
38 terms
Geology Test (size of earthquakes, crustal deformation, plate tectonics)
Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (MMI)
Richter Scale
Moment Magnitude Scale (MMS)
shallow earthquakes
subjective and qualitative scale, based on damage it causes a…
objective and quantitative scale, based on measurements of th…
most recently developed scale, newer, objective and quantiative
focus is at <60 km deep
Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (MMI)
subjective and qualitative scale, based on damage it causes a…
Richter Scale
objective and quantitative scale, based on measurements of th…
38 terms
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
fracture
fault
continental rifting
rift valley
a break, or crack, in a rock
a fracture along which rocks on one side have moved relative…
the process that pulls a continent apart
a long narrow valley that forms as blocks of rock slip down,…
fracture
a break, or crack, in a rock
fault
a fracture along which rocks on one side have moved relative…
14 terms
Geology: Plate Tectonics
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
slow movement of the continents over the earth's surface
a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years…
any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in r…
An underwater moutain chain where new ocean floor is formed
continental drift
slow movement of the continents over the earth's surface
Pangaea
a supercontinent, or single landmass, about 300 million years…
47 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
33 terms
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
fracture
fault
continental rifting
rift valley
a break, or crack, in a rock
a fracture along which rocks on one side have moved relative…
the process that pulls a continent apart
a long narrow valley that forms as blocks of rock slip down,…
fracture
a break, or crack, in a rock
fault
a fracture along which rocks on one side have moved relative…
29 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
36 terms
Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Subduction
Hot Spot
Island 4
Island 3
________ occurs when a more dense plates sinks beneath a less…
What is this a picture of?
Which island is the youngest
Which island is the oldest
Subduction
________ occurs when a more dense plates sinks beneath a less…
Hot Spot
What is this a picture of?
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in th…
Long, underwater mountain chains-divergent boundary
Continental Drift
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
Pangaea
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
Plate Tectonics- Earthquakes
Wave
Wavelength
Amplitude
Wave Crest
A disturbance in space or time usually transferring energy
The distance from crest to crest in a wave.
The height of a wave from the center.
The highest point in a wave.
Wave
A disturbance in space or time usually transferring energy
Wavelength
The distance from crest to crest in a wave.
20 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
convection current
asthenosphere
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
the cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking air
plastic-like layer of Earth's surface
Pangaea
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
seafloor spreading
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
17 terms
Earthquakes, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanoes
earthquakes
fault
seismic waves
epicenter
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
a break in rock
wave of energy that travels through the earth
where the earthquake started and the earthquake is the strong…
earthquakes
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
fault
a break in rock
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
53 terms
Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Theory of Continental Drift
Pangea
Alfred Wegner
Theory of Plate Tectonics
Idea that at one point in time all of the continents were one…
Name of super continent where all the continents were once jo…
Proposed the Theory of Continental Drift but could not explai…
Theory by Tuzo Wilson that the earth is broken up into differ…
Theory of Continental Drift
Idea that at one point in time all of the continents were one…
Pangea
Name of super continent where all the continents were once jo…
25 terms
Unit 4 Plate Tectonics,Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Geology of Hawaii
Seismic Waves
Crust
Mantle
Lava
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.... Can be oc…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
Crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.... Can be oc…
46 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
22 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
geologic activity
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Moho
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Thinner and more dense than continental crust. Made mostly of…
Region of the Earth that has drastic changes in properties.
geologic activity
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Continental crust
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Plate tectonics geology test
Continental Drift
Seafloor spreading
Plate tectonics
Core
The theory that the continents were once joined and then slow…
A process in which Ocean floor is created as molten material…
Structure of the earth
Dense ball of iron and nickel made of the inner and outer cor…
Continental Drift
The theory that the continents were once joined and then slow…
Seafloor spreading
A process in which Ocean floor is created as molten material…
36 terms
Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes
Three observations by John Tuzo Wilson
What is a plate?
Describe the theory of Plate Tectonics.
What is a plate boundary?
cracks in the continents look similar to cracks in the ocean…
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion driven b…
This is where two plates meet or interact
Three observations by John Tuzo Wilson
cracks in the continents look similar to cracks in the ocean…
What is a plate?
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes Vocabulary
crust
epicenter
fault
focus
the top layer of the earth, which consists of solid rock; bot…
the point directly above the focus or source of the earthquake
a break or separation in rock, usually between two or more te…
the source of the earthquake inside the earth, where the rock…
crust
the top layer of the earth, which consists of solid rock; bot…
epicenter
the point directly above the focus or source of the earthquake
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
P waves
S waves
surface waves
seismologist
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
A type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves re…
A scientist who studies earthquakes
P waves
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
S waves
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
26 terms
Geology-Plate Tectonics
inner core
outer core
mantle
asthenosphere
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats
inner core
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Collisional boundary
Convergent boundary
Crust
Divergent boundary
a type of convergent boundary where two plates bearing contin…
a boundary between plates that are moving toward each other.
the rocky outer layer of Earth.
a boundary between plates that are moving away from each other.
Collisional boundary
a type of convergent boundary where two plates bearing contin…
Convergent boundary
a boundary between plates that are moving toward each other.
Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes
mid-ocean ridges
sea-floor spreading
deep-ocean trenches
subduction
undersea mountain chains where new ocean floor is produced du…
the process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
deep valleys along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crus…
the process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
mid-ocean ridges
undersea mountain chains where new ocean floor is produced du…
sea-floor spreading
the process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
earthquake
focus
epicenter
fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where the earthquake starts
the location on the surface directly above the focus
fractures in Earth where movement has occurred
earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
focus
the point within Earth where the earthquake starts
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes/Volcanos
Alfred Lothar Wegener (1880 - 1930)
theory of Continental Drift.
jigsaw fit
geological fit of opposing continental…
Wegener was a German meteorologist, geophysicist and polar re…
Idea that at one point in time all of the continents were one…
The similarity in outline of the coastlines of eastern South…
When the geology of eastern South America and West Africa was…
Alfred Lothar Wegener (1880 - 1930)
Wegener was a German meteorologist, geophysicist and polar re…
theory of Continental Drift.
Idea that at one point in time all of the continents were one…
Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes
subduction
plates
Plate Tectonics
convection currents
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
the separate sections of the lithosphere
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant…
Circular currents in the mantle caused by the magma being hea…
subduction
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
plates
the separate sections of the lithosphere
7 terms
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
earthquake
focus
epicenter
4 causes of an earthquake
the shaking of Earth's crust caused by a sudden release of en…
the point on the fault plane at which there is first motion
point on the surface directly above focus
1. ground shakes from eruption of volcano... 2. collapse of a ca…
earthquake
the shaking of Earth's crust caused by a sudden release of en…
focus
the point on the fault plane at which there is first motion
21 terms
Plate tectonics and earthquakes
Plates
Transform boundary
Earthquake
S-waves
The two sub-layers of the earth's crust (lithosphere) that mo…
A type of fault whose relative motion is predominantly horizo…
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
A transverse earthquake wave that travels through the interio…
Plates
The two sub-layers of the earth's crust (lithosphere) that mo…
Transform boundary
A type of fault whose relative motion is predominantly horizo…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes & Volcanoes
tension
subduction zone
strike-slip
inner core
the stress that occurs at divergent boundaries
a location where one plate sinks under another
type of fault associated with a transform boundary
the hottest layer of Earth's interior
tension
the stress that occurs at divergent boundaries
subduction zone
a location where one plate sinks under another
18 terms
Earthquake and Plate Tectonics 2
lithosphere
Fossils, climate, and geology
200 million years ago
180 million years ago
Split into many large and small slabs of rock
Evidences used for continental drift theory
It is believed that the Earth had one large continent and one…
It is believed that the Earth had split into two continents
lithosphere
Split into many large and small slabs of rock
Fossils, climate, and geology
Evidences used for continental drift theory
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