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Study sets matching "geology sshs physical"

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Study sets matching "geology sshs physical"

27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Groundwater
Aquifer
artesian well
concretion
cone of depression
A body of saturated rock or sediment through which water can…
A well in which water rises above the aquifer.
Hard, rounded mass that develops when a considerable amount o…
A depression of the water table formed around a well when wat…
Aquifer
A body of saturated rock or sediment through which water can…
artesian well
A well in which water rises above the aquifer.
21 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Deserts
Bajada
barchan
blowout
butte
A broad, gently sloping, depositional surface formed at the b…
A crescent-shaped dune with the horns of the crescent pointin…
A depression on the land surface caused by wind erosion.
A narrow pinnacle of resistant rock with a flat top and very…
Bajada
A broad, gently sloping, depositional surface formed at the b…
barchan
A crescent-shaped dune with the horns of the crescent pointin…
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Earthquakes
Aftershock
Benioff zone
body wave
circum-Pacific belt
Small earthquake that follows a main shock.
Distinct earthquake zone that begins at an oceanic trench and…
Seismic wave that travels through Earth's interior.
Major belt around the edge of the Pacific Ocean on which most…
Aftershock
Small earthquake that follows a main shock.
Benioff zone
Distinct earthquake zone that begins at an oceanic trench and…
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Streams & Floods
Abrasion
alluvial fan
bar
base level
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
A ridge of sediment, usually sand or gravel, that has been de…
A theoretical downward limit for stream erosion of Earth's su…
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
alluvial fan
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
19 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Resources
crude oil
geologic resources
heavy crude
natural gas
A liquid mixture of naturally occurring hydrocarbons.
Valuable materials of geologic origin that can be extracted f…
Dense, viscous petroleum that flows slowly or not at all.
A gaseous mixture of naturally occurring hydrocarbons.
crude oil
A liquid mixture of naturally occurring hydrocarbons.
geologic resources
Valuable materials of geologic origin that can be extracted f…
16 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Plate Tectonics
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convection
convergent plate boundary
A region of Earth's outer shell beneath the lithosphere. The…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A very slow circulation of a substance driven by differences…
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
Asthenosphere
A region of Earth's outer shell beneath the lithosphere. The…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
39 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
contacts
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
Archean Eon
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Weathering & Soils
A horizon (zone of leaching)
B horizon (zone of accumulation)
chemical weathering
C horizon
The top layer of soil, characterized by the downward movement…
A soil layer characterized by the accumulation of material le…
The decomposition of rock resulting from exposure to water an…
A soil layer composed of incompletely weathered parent materi…
A horizon (zone of leaching)
The top layer of soil, characterized by the downward movement…
B horizon (zone of accumulation)
A soil layer characterized by the accumulation of material le…
43 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Structures
angle of dip
anticline
axial plane
brittle
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
A plane containing all of the hinge lines of a fold.
Cracking or rupturing of a body under stress.
angle of dip
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
anticline
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
23 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Mass Wasting
creep
debris
debris avalanche
debris fall
Very slow, continuous downslope movement of soil or debris.
Any unconsolidated material at Earth's surface.
Very rapid and turbulent mass wasting of debris, air, and wat…
A free-falling mass of debris.
creep
Very slow, continuous downslope movement of soil or debris.
debris
Any unconsolidated material at Earth's surface.
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Glaciers & Glaciation
Ablation
advancing glacier
alpine glaciation
arête
The loss of the glacial ice or snow by melting, evaporation,…
Glacier with a positive budget, so that accumulation results…
Glaciation of a mountainous area.
A sharp ridge that separates adjacent glacially carved valleys.
Ablation
The loss of the glacial ice or snow by melting, evaporation,…
advancing glacier
Glacier with a positive budget, so that accumulation results…
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Waves & Beaches
arch (sea arch)
barrier island
baymouth bar
beach
Bridge of rock left above an opening eroded in a headland by…
Ridge of sand paralleling the shoreline and extending above s…
A ridge of sediment that cuts a bay off from the ocean.
Strip of sediment, usually sand but sometimes pebbles, boulde…
arch (sea arch)
Bridge of rock left above an opening eroded in a headland by…
barrier island
Ridge of sand paralleling the shoreline and extending above s…
24 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - The Sea Floor
abyssal fan
abyssal plain
active continental margin
aseismic ridge
Great fan-shaped deposit of sediment on the deep-sea floor at…
Very flat sediment-covered region of the deep-sea floor, usua…
A margin consisting of a continental shelf, a continental slo…
Submarine ridge with which no earthquakes are associated.
abyssal fan
Great fan-shaped deposit of sediment on the deep-sea floor at…
abyssal plain
Very flat sediment-covered region of the deep-sea floor, usua…
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Groundwater
Aquifer
artesian well
concretion
cone of depression
A body of saturated rock or sediment through which water can…
A well in which water rises above the aquifer.
Hard, rounded mass that develops when a considerable amount o…
A depression of the water table formed around a well when wat…
Aquifer
A body of saturated rock or sediment through which water can…
artesian well
A well in which water rises above the aquifer.
18 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
cross-cutting relationship
disconformity
faunal succession
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
A principle or law stating that a disrupted pattern is older…
A surface that represents missing rock strata but beds above…
A principle or law stating that fossil species succeed one an…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
cross-cutting relationship
A principle or law stating that a disrupted pattern is older…
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Earthquakes
Aftershock
Benioff zone
body wave
circum-Pacific belt
Small earthquake that follows a main shock.
Distinct earthquake zone that begins at an oceanic trench and…
Seismic wave that travels through Earth's interior.
Major belt around the edge of the Pacific Ocean on which most…
Aftershock
Small earthquake that follows a main shock.
Benioff zone
Distinct earthquake zone that begins at an oceanic trench and…
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
43 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Structures
angle of dip
anticline
axial plane
brittle
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
A plane containing all of the hinge lines of a fold.
Cracking or rupturing of a body under stress.
angle of dip
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
anticline
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
18 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
eon
epoch
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
The largest unit of geological time.
Each period of the standard geologic time scale is divided in…
Archean Eon
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
Cenozoic Era
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
39 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
contacts
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
Archean Eon
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
43 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Structures
angle of dip
anticline
axial plane
brittle
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
A plane containing all of the hinge lines of a fold.
Cracking or rupturing of a body under stress.
angle of dip
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
anticline
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
23 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
crust
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
The outer layer of rock, forming a thin skin over Earth's sur…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
convergent boundary
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Intro to Geology
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
28 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Earth's Interior
Asthenosphere
convection
core
crust
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A very slow circulation of a substance driven by differences…
The central zone of Earth.
The outer layer of rock, forming a thin skin over Earth's sur…
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
convection
A very slow circulation of a substance driven by differences…
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Sediments & Sedimentary Rocks
bedding
bedding plane
cement
cementation
An arrangement of layers or beds of rock.
A nearly flat surface separating two beds of sedimentary rock.
The solid material that precipitates in the pore space of sed…
The chemical precipitation of material in the spaces between…
bedding
An arrangement of layers or beds of rock.
bedding plane
A nearly flat surface separating two beds of sedimentary rock.
29 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Metamorphism & Metamorphic Rocks
compressive stress
confining pressure
contact metamorphism
differential stress
A stress due to a force pushing together on a body.
Pressure applied equally on all surfaces of a body; also call…
Metamorphism under conditions in which high temperature is th…
When pressures on a body are not of equal strength in all dir…
compressive stress
A stress due to a force pushing together on a body.
confining pressure
Pressure applied equally on all surfaces of a body; also call…
39 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Volcanism & Extrusive Processes
andesite
basalt
block
bomb
Fine-grained igneous rock of intermediate composition. Up to…
A fine-grained, mafic, igneous rock composed predominantly of…
Large angular pyroclast.
Large spindle- or lens-shaped pyroclast.
andesite
Fine-grained igneous rock of intermediate composition. Up to…
basalt
A fine-grained, mafic, igneous rock composed predominantly of…
39 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Igneous Rocks & Intrusive Processes
Andesite
basalt
batholith
Bowen's reaction series
Fine-grained igneous rock of intermediate composition. Up to…
A fine-grained, mafic, igneous rock composed predominantly of…
A large discordant pluton with an outcropping area greater th…
The sequence in which minerals crystallize from a cooling bas…
Andesite
Fine-grained igneous rock of intermediate composition. Up to…
basalt
A fine-grained, mafic, igneous rock composed predominantly of…
25 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
contacts
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
Archean Eon
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
13 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Mountain Belts & Continental Crust
accreted terrane
accumulation stage
craton
fault-block mountain range
Terrane that did not form at its present site on a continent.
Stage in the evolution of major mountain belts characterized…
Portion of a continent that has been structurally stable for…
A range created by uplift along normal or vertical faults.
accreted terrane
Terrane that did not form at its present site on a continent.
accumulation stage
Stage in the evolution of major mountain belts characterized…
43 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Structures
angle of dip
anticline
axial plane
brittle
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
A plane containing all of the hinge lines of a fold.
Cracking or rupturing of a body under stress.
angle of dip
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
anticline
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
25 terms
Physical Geology - Intro to Geology from SSHS
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
The ductile part of the earth just below the lithosphere, inc…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
52 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Atoms, Elements, & Minerals
Amphibole group
atom
atomic mass number
atomic number
Mineral group in which all members are double chain silicates.
Smallest possible particle of an element that retains the pro…
The total number of neutrons and protons in an atom.
The total number of protons in an atom.
Amphibole group
Mineral group in which all members are double chain silicates.
atom
Smallest possible particle of an element that retains the pro…
23 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Mass Wasting
creep
debris
debris avalanche
debris fall
Very slow, continuous downslope movement of soil or debris.
Any unconsolidated material at Earth's surface.
Very rapid and turbulent mass wasting of debris, air, and wat…
A free-falling mass of debris.
creep
Very slow, continuous downslope movement of soil or debris.
debris
Any unconsolidated material at Earth's surface.
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Streams & Floods
Abrasion
alluvial fan
bar
base level
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
A ridge of sediment, usually sand or gravel, that has been de…
A theoretical downward limit for stream erosion of Earth's su…
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
alluvial fan
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
29 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Metamorphism & Metamorphic Rocks
compressive stress
confining pressure
contact metamorphism
differential stress
A stress due to a force pushing together on a body.
Pressure applied equally on all surfaces of a body; also call…
Metamorphism under conditions in which high temperature is th…
When pressures on a body are not of equal strength in all dir…
compressive stress
A stress due to a force pushing together on a body.
confining pressure
Pressure applied equally on all surfaces of a body; also call…
39 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
contacts
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
The most recent of the eras; followed the Mesozoic Era.
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
Archean Eon
The oldest eon of Earth's history.
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Glaciers & Glaciation
Ablation
advancing glacier
alpine glaciation
arête
The loss of the glacial ice or snow by melting, evaporation,…
Glacier with a positive budget, so that accumulation results…
Glaciation of a mountainous area.
A sharp ridge that separates adjacent glacially carved valleys.
Ablation
The loss of the glacial ice or snow by melting, evaporation,…
advancing glacier
Glacier with a positive budget, so that accumulation results…
24 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - The Sea Floor
abyssal fan
abyssal plain
active continental margin
aseismic ridge
Great fan-shaped deposit of sediment on the deep-sea floor at…
Very flat sediment-covered region of the deep-sea floor, usua…
A margin consisting of a continental shelf, a continental slo…
Submarine ridge with which no earthquakes are associated.
abyssal fan
Great fan-shaped deposit of sediment on the deep-sea floor at…
abyssal plain
Very flat sediment-covered region of the deep-sea floor, usua…
645 terms
SSHS Physical Geology Master List
Asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundary
core
A region of Earth's outer shell beneath the lithosphere. The…
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
A boundary between two plates that are moving toward each oth…
The central zone of Earth.
Asthenosphere
A region of Earth's outer shell beneath the lithosphere. The…
continental drift
A concept suggesting that continents move over Earth's surface.
27 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Time
angular unconformity
contacts
correlation
cross-cutting relationship
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
In geology, correlation usually means determining time equiva…
A principle or law stating that a disrupted pattern is older…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which younger strata overlie an erosion su…
contacts
Boundary surface between two different rock types or ages of…
42 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Streams & Floods
Abrasion
alluvial fan
bar
base level
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
A ridge of sediment, usually sand or gravel, that has been de…
A theoretical downward limit for stream erosion of Earth's su…
Abrasion
The grinding away of rock by friction and impact during trans…
alluvial fan
Large fan-shaped pile of sediment that usually forms where a…
43 terms
SSHS Physical Geology - Geologic Structures
angle of dip
anticline
axial plane
brittle
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
A plane containing all of the hinge lines of a fold.
Cracking or rupturing of a body under stress.
angle of dip
A vertical angle measured downward from the horizontal plane…
anticline
An arched fold in which the rock layers usually dip away from…
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