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Study sets matching "geology terms chapter 13"

GEOLOGY CHAPTER 13
Air pressure
Instruments for measuring
Operating principles of the mercury ba…
Operating principles of the aneroid ba…
is the force exerted by weight of air above.... -Weight of the a…
Barometer ... -Mercury barometer ... >Uses a glass tube filled with…
The mercury barometer works based on the weight of mercury in…
The aneroid barometer uses a partially evacuated metal chambe…
Air pressure
is the force exerted by weight of air above.... -Weight of the a…
Instruments for measuring
Barometer ... -Mercury barometer ... >Uses a glass tube filled with…
18 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Mass Movement
Natural Hazard
Type of material, velocity, character…
Creep
The downslope transportation of rock
A natural fracture that can cause damage to living organisms…
4 factors used to classify mass movements
Slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith down a slope
Mass Movement
The downslope transportation of rock
Natural Hazard
A natural fracture that can cause damage to living organisms…
20 terms
Chapter 13 Geology Terms
Regolith
Creep
Solification
Slump
soil, sediment, or debris
slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith on a slope
Since meltwater cannot sink into the permanently frozen groun…
relatively slow moving mass movement rock and/or regolith doe…
Regolith
soil, sediment, or debris
Creep
slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith on a slope
79 terms
Geology Chapter 13 and 14
Abyssal Plain
Acadian Orogeny
Accreted Terranes
Accretion
example of active continental margin... - flat ocean floor... - sit…
2nd orogeny in the forming of the Applachains. ... -Collision of…
A product of Cordilleran Type... - small slivers of continental…
the scraping off of something
Abyssal Plain
example of active continental margin... - flat ocean floor... - sit…
Acadian Orogeny
2nd orogeny in the forming of the Applachains. ... -Collision of…
9 terms
GEOLOGY CHAPTER 13 KEY TERMS
precipitation
fronts
cold front
warm front
involves three sizes of particles: cloud droplets, raindrops,…
boundaries between two types of air masses
cold air moves and displaces warmer, moist air
warm air moves and displaces colder air
precipitation
involves three sizes of particles: cloud droplets, raindrops,…
fronts
boundaries between two types of air masses
14 terms
Geology chapter 13 terms/concepts
what was the Cambrian explosion?
charles doolittle walcott
trilobite
brachiopod
when life from the sea started to make its way onto land
know fro the burgess shale fossills
fossil group of extinct marine arthropods
marine animals that have hard valves on the upper and lower s…
what was the Cambrian explosion?
when life from the sea started to make its way onto land
charles doolittle walcott
know fro the burgess shale fossills
47 terms
chapter 13 geology
describe the proviences of the ocean f…
continental margin
deep ocean basin
ocean ridges
continetal margin, deep ocean basin, oceanic ridges
outer margins of continents, transition to ocean crust
between the continetal margin and the ocean ridge
divergent plate boundary
describe the proviences of the ocean f…
continetal margin, deep ocean basin, oceanic ridges
continental margin
outer margins of continents, transition to ocean crust
100 terms
Geology 3200 - Chapter 13 (Structural geology)
Structural geology is about ___ struct…
3 study methods of structural geology
Descriptive analysis
Kinematic analysis
deformation
Descriptive, kinematic, and dynamic analyses
To recognize and describe geologic structures
To measure and interpret the movements of structures
Structural geology is about ___ struct…
deformation
3 study methods of structural geology
Descriptive, kinematic, and dynamic analyses
10 terms
Geology Chapter 13
How do we classify mass movements?
Creep
Slump
Flows
- Type of material (rock, regolith, mud)... - Velocity (slow, in…
- Slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith on a slope due…
- a mass of regolith detaches from its substrate along a curv…
- slurry of rock and/or regolith moving as an non-cohesive ma…
How do we classify mass movements?
- Type of material (rock, regolith, mud)... - Velocity (slow, in…
Creep
- Slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith on a slope due…
24 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Ground Water
Where can ground water be found
Porosity
Porosity dependent on
-Resource (domestic, industrial and agricultural use)... -Erosio…
occurs everywhere beneath the Earth's surface, but its usuall…
How much empty space in the ground... -air, water, or oil/gas... -e…
-size... -shape... -sorting... -arrangement
Ground Water
-Resource (domestic, industrial and agricultural use)... -Erosio…
Where can ground water be found
occurs everywhere beneath the Earth's surface, but its usuall…
19 terms
Geology Terms Chapter 13 Landslides
Creep:
creep is aided by
creep relationship regarding streams
slot canyon
slow movement of soil downslope;
freezing and thawing
- what makes stream valleys V-shaped as soil moves to bottom…
zion national park, Utah
Creep:
slow movement of soil downslope;
creep is aided by
freezing and thawing
23 terms
Geology chapter 13
terrafirma
mass movement
natural hazard
landslide
a solid foundation which people can build their lives
the down slope transportation of rock, regolith (soil, sedime…
a natural feature of the environment that can cause damage to…
any mass movement of rock or regolith
terrafirma
a solid foundation which people can build their lives
mass movement
the down slope transportation of rock, regolith (soil, sedime…
18 terms
Chapter 13 Geology 105
Groundwater
Porosity
Permeability
Aquifer
resource, erosional agent, hydrothermal energy source in some…
allows earth material to absorb water. Pore space, air water,…
measure of the rate at which water (or oil, gas) can flow thr…
porous and permeable layer that contains groundwater
Groundwater
resource, erosional agent, hydrothermal energy source in some…
Porosity
allows earth material to absorb water. Pore space, air water,…
15 terms
Geology Chapter 13
deforestation
boreal forests
temperate forests
tropical forests
net loss of trees in a forested area
coniferous forests found at high latitudes and altitudes char…
found in areas with four seasons and a moderate climate, rece…
found in equatorial areas with warm temperatures year round a…
deforestation
net loss of trees in a forested area
boreal forests
coniferous forests found at high latitudes and altitudes char…
8 terms
Historical Geology Chapter 13
Anomalcarids
Eocrinoids
Microbialite
Archaeocyathids
A group of Cambrian arthropods that propelled themselves thro…
Evolutionary ancestors of crinoids, abundant in Cambrian seas…
A thin bed in sedimentary rock formed by an organic mat of an…
Primary frame builders of Early Cambrian organic reefs, proba…
Anomalcarids
A group of Cambrian arthropods that propelled themselves thro…
Eocrinoids
Evolutionary ancestors of crinoids, abundant in Cambrian seas…
31 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Hydrologic Cycle
2.5%
Runoff
Infiltration
System that describes the movement of water through Earth's f…
Percentage of fresh water on Earth.
Sheet flow develops into rills (tiny channels) which meet to…
When water soaks into the ground.
Hydrologic Cycle
System that describes the movement of water through Earth's f…
2.5%
Percentage of fresh water on Earth.
15 terms
Chapter 13 Historical Geology
Chordate
Vertebrates
Ostracoderms
Cartilaginous Fish
an animal that has at least during part of its life cycle a n…
animals with backbones and are a subphylum of chordates
the oldest and most primitive of the class Agnatha, which mea…
represented today by sharks, rays, and skates... first evolved…
Chordate
an animal that has at least during part of its life cycle a n…
Vertebrates
animals with backbones and are a subphylum of chordates
Geology Chapter 13
Rift Valley
Active Margin
Bathymetry
Black Smokers
deep, down-faulted structure that exists on the axis of most…
where the oceanic lithosphere is being subjected beneath the…
the topography of the ocean floor
particle filled clouds that are formed by hot groundwater tha…
Rift Valley
deep, down-faulted structure that exists on the axis of most…
Active Margin
where the oceanic lithosphere is being subjected beneath the…
13 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Forms of Energy
What is the problem with energy transf…
Developed Nations
Fossil Fuel Resources
chemical... therman... kinetic (mechanical)... potential kinetic... nucle…
Energy conversions involve heat loss, which makes us lose money
high per capita consumption... 25% of worlds population uses 75%…
Coal... Petroleum... Shale Gas and Oil
Forms of Energy
chemical... therman... kinetic (mechanical)... potential kinetic... nucle…
What is the problem with energy transf…
Energy conversions involve heat loss, which makes us lose money
27 terms
Geology chapter 13
Channel
Stream
River
Discharge
Narrow, ribbon-like depression that funnel the flow of water
Flowing body of water in a channel, regardless of size
Major branch of a large stream system
Volume of water flowing past a specific point. Height x Width…
Channel
Narrow, ribbon-like depression that funnel the flow of water
Stream
Flowing body of water in a channel, regardless of size
42 terms
geology chapter 13
bathymetry
sonar
echo sounders
three major areas of the ocean floor
the topography/shape of the ocean floor
use of sound energy to measure the depth of the ocean floor
bathymetric profiles were created through use of this by boun…
continental margins... deep ocean basins... ocean ridges
bathymetry
the topography/shape of the ocean floor
sonar
use of sound energy to measure the depth of the ocean floor
21 terms
Geology 10 Chapter 13
A ____ dune is deeply convex and its h…
A desert is any region which has a dry…
A large dune type is the _______ (or s…
A mesa is capped by sedimentary rocks…
parabolic
true
longitudinal
false
A ____ dune is deeply convex and its h…
parabolic
A desert is any region which has a dry…
true
24 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Ground Water
Where can ground water be found
Porosity
Porosity dependent on
-Resource (domestic, industrial and agricultural use)... -Erosio…
occurs everywhere beneath the Earth's surface, but its usuall…
How much empty space in the ground... -air, water, or oil/gas... -e…
-size... -shape... -sorting... -arrangement
Ground Water
-Resource (domestic, industrial and agricultural use)... -Erosio…
Where can ground water be found
occurs everywhere beneath the Earth's surface, but its usuall…
20 terms
Geology Chapter 13 Homework
The measurement of ocean depth and the…
T or F: Because massive submarine stru…
Which of the following tectonic bounda…
Submarine canyons found cutting into t…
Bathymetry
False
Convergent
By rivers during the ice age
The measurement of ocean depth and the…
Bathymetry
T or F: Because massive submarine stru…
False
42 terms
Geology 101 chapter 13
water table
aquifer
groundwater flow
groundwater discharge areas (where gro…
upper surface of the zone of saturation
saturated permeable rocks; they may be open or confined. A pe…
water percolates through the pore spaces of rock and leaves t…
springs, streams, lakes
water table
upper surface of the zone of saturation
aquifer
saturated permeable rocks; they may be open or confined. A pe…
57 terms
Geology 1301 - Essentials of Geology 12e - Chapter 13
Hydrologic cycle
Infiltration
Runoff transpiration
Evapotranspiration
The unending circulation of Earth's water supply. The cycle i…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
Water that flows over land rather than infiltrating into the…
The combined effect of evaporation and transpiration.
Hydrologic cycle
The unending circulation of Earth's water supply. The cycle i…
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
30 terms
Geology, Chapter 13
The world's best-known deserts lie in…
Some of the world's deserts are the re…
The Basin and Range province is charac…
In passing over a dune, wind scours sa…
True
True
True
False
The world's best-known deserts lie in…
True
Some of the world's deserts are the re…
True
16 terms
Geology Chapter 13: Groundwater
Porosity
Permeability
What rocks are generally porous and wh…
What sedimentary rock is most permeabl…
% of a material's total volume that is pore space; also measu…
Capacity of a rock to transit a fluid; such as water
Porous: sandstone, shale, volcanic rock... Low porous: fractured…
Most permeable: conglomerate, sandstone... Least: shale
Porosity
% of a material's total volume that is pore space; also measu…
Permeability
Capacity of a rock to transit a fluid; such as water
44 terms
Geology Chapter 13-14
A/An ____ is an elongate hill, usually…
The end of a glacier furthest from its…
Rounded ice grains, called firn, form…
Desert pavement forms because:
drumlin
terminus
snow survives through one summer.
wind selectively removes sand and silt and leaves large parti…
A/An ____ is an elongate hill, usually…
drumlin
The end of a glacier furthest from its…
terminus
21 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Shelf, slope, rise
Abyssal plain
Oceanic trench
Mid-oceanic ridges and rift valleys
features near continental margins. Continental shelves are ge…
the flattest regions on Earth, abyssal plains make up the dee…
the deepest parts of the sea floor - associated with subducti…
extensive global underwater "mountain range" extending ~80,00…
Shelf, slope, rise
features near continental margins. Continental shelves are ge…
Abyssal plain
the flattest regions on Earth, abyssal plains make up the dee…
15 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Angle of repose
Creep
Debris fall
Debris flow (debris slide)
The angle of the steepest slope that a pile of uncemented mat…
The gradual downslope movement of regolith.
Occurs when a mass free-falls from a cliff.
A downslope movement of mud mixed with larger rock fragments.
Angle of repose
The angle of the steepest slope that a pile of uncemented mat…
Creep
The gradual downslope movement of regolith.
39 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Hydrologic cycle
Infiltration
Runoff
Transpiration
Describes what happens as water evaporates from the ocean pla…
When precipitation falls on land, it either soaks into the gr…
When infiltration flows over the surface.
Some of the water that soaks into the ground is absorbed by p…
Hydrologic cycle
Describes what happens as water evaporates from the ocean pla…
Infiltration
When precipitation falls on land, it either soaks into the gr…
38 terms
Geology Chapter 13 Note Cards
Little Ice Age
Glacier
Valley Glacier
Continental Glacier
an interval from about 1500 to the mid-to-late 1800s during w…
a mass of ice on land that moves by plastic flow and basal slip
a glacier confined to a mountain valley or an interconnected…
a glacier that covers a vast area and is not confined by topo…
Little Ice Age
an interval from about 1500 to the mid-to-late 1800s during w…
Glacier
a mass of ice on land that moves by plastic flow and basal slip
Geology Chapter 13
Mass movement
Landslides
Regolith
Landslide classification
gravitationally caused down-slope transport of rock, regolith…
sudden movement of rock or debris down a non-vertical slope
unconsolidated debris that covers bedrock
Slow-quick, Wet-dry
Mass movement
gravitationally caused down-slope transport of rock, regolith…
Landslides
sudden movement of rock or debris down a non-vertical slope
18 terms
Geology 105 chapter 13
Aquifer
Artesian System
Cave
Cone of Depression
A permeable layer in which groundwater flows. From the Latin…
A confined groundwater system with high hydrostatic pressure…
A natural subsurface opening generally connected to the surfa…
A cone-shaped depression around a well where water is pumped…
Aquifer
A permeable layer in which groundwater flows. From the Latin…
Artesian System
A confined groundwater system with high hydrostatic pressure…
18 terms
Geology Chapter 13 vocab
Earthquake
Elastic Rebound Theory
Fault Slip
Recurrence
a trembling or shaking of the ground caused by a sudden relea…
explain how earthquakes recur on active faults in Earth' crust.
The Distance of displacement.
...
Earthquake
a trembling or shaking of the ground caused by a sudden relea…
Elastic Rebound Theory
explain how earthquakes recur on active faults in Earth' crust.
38 terms
geology midterm 1 (chapter 13)
geologic materials record:
Earths history recorded in 6 ways:
1. orogens
2. paleoclimates
conditions and change
1. orogeny... 2. paleoclimate... 3. paleomagetic location... 4. eviden…
orogens are laboratiories for studying the past,uplift expose…
study of past climates, past extremes of worldwide climate (g…
geologic materials record:
conditions and change
Earths history recorded in 6 ways:
1. orogeny... 2. paleoclimate... 3. paleomagetic location... 4. eviden…
26 terms
Physical Geology Chapter 13
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Elastic
Any change in shape or volume of rock layers, like folder or…
Forced Applied
Response to stress...deformation
Not permanent; folds and returns to original
Deformation
Any change in shape or volume of rock layers, like folder or…
Stress
Forced Applied
15 terms
Geology Chapter 13 Review
A drainage basin is ___________
Volume of water moving past a given po…
____________ is the depth of sediment…
As a stream spills over its flood plai…
A land area that contributes water to a river system
Discharge
Channel scour
Natural levees
A drainage basin is ___________
A land area that contributes water to a river system
Volume of water moving past a given po…
Discharge
108 terms
Geology 3200 - Chapter 13 (Structural geology)
Structural geology is about ___ struct…
Primary goal of structural geology
3 study methods of structural geology
Descriptive analysis
deformation
to use measurements of present-day rock geometries to uncover…
1) Descriptive... 2) Kinematic... 3) Dynamic
To recognize and describe geologic structures
Structural geology is about ___ struct…
deformation
Primary goal of structural geology
to use measurements of present-day rock geometries to uncover…
35 terms
Environmental Geology Chapter 13
Fossil Fuels
Alternative Energy Sources
Energy
Work
Coal, oil & natural gas derived from ancient plants and animals
Any source that does not involve the types of fossil fuels
The capacity to perform work or transfer heat
Moving an object a certain distance against some force
Fossil Fuels
Coal, oil & natural gas derived from ancient plants and animals
Alternative Energy Sources
Any source that does not involve the types of fossil fuels
43 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Manicouagan
Chixulub
Rapidly develop a food supply for the seed after fertilizatio…
Take many months to develop food supply for their seeds and d…
One of the oldest known impact craters located in Quebec, Can…
Ancient impact crater buried underneath the Yucatan Peninsula…
Angiosperms
Rapidly develop a food supply for the seed after fertilizatio…
Gymnosperms
Take many months to develop food supply for their seeds and d…
8 terms
Geology Chapter 13
mass movement
regolith
creep
solifluction
downslope transport of rock, regolith, snow, and ice
soil, sediment, and debris
slow, gradual downslope movement of regolith on a slope
soggy layer of thawed regolith that flows downslope in overla…
mass movement
downslope transport of rock, regolith, snow, and ice
regolith
soil, sediment, and debris
16 terms
Chapter 13 Geology
Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
the largest and has the greatest depth
about half the size of the Pacific and not quite as deep
slightly smaller than the Atlantic, largely a southern Hemisp…
about 7 percent the size of the Pacific
Pacific Ocean
the largest and has the greatest depth
Atlantic Ocean
about half the size of the Pacific and not quite as deep
33 terms
Geology 105 Chapter 13
Zone of aeration
Zone of saturation
Water table
Capillary fringe
The zone above the water table that contains both air and wat…
The area below the water table in which all pore spaces are f…
The surface that separates the zone of aeration from the unde…
Extending irregularly upward a few centimeters to several met…
Zone of aeration
The zone above the water table that contains both air and wat…
Zone of saturation
The area below the water table in which all pore spaces are f…
20 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Aftershock
Earthquake
Elastic rebound theory
Epicenter
An earthquake that occurs as a consequence of a previous eart…
The violent motion of the ground that occurs when brittle roc…
A theory of faulting and earthquake generation holding that,…
The geographic point on Earth's surface directly above the fo…
Aftershock
An earthquake that occurs as a consequence of a previous eart…
Earthquake
The violent motion of the ground that occurs when brittle roc…
5 terms
Geology Chapter 13
1970 Yungay, Peru
Nevado del Ruiz volcano
1963 Vaiont Dam, Italy
Rock and debris slides - 1963 Vaiont D…
- earthquake broke 800-m-wide chunk off glacier... - tumbled do…
erupted 13 Nov 1985 - melted part of ice cap... - lahar buried…
600 million tons of... limestone slid into reservoir... - displace…
600 million tons of... limestone slid into reservoir... - displace…
1970 Yungay, Peru
- earthquake broke 800-m-wide chunk off glacier... - tumbled do…
Nevado del Ruiz volcano
erupted 13 Nov 1985 - melted part of ice cap... - lahar buried…
17 terms
Geology chapter 13
all of these
turbidites
sound pulse to travel from a ship
Hydrothermal metamorphism
Black smokers are associated with?
All of the following are layers that comprise oceanic crust e…
An echo sounder operates by measuring the time required for a?
Basaltic rocks of the oceanic crust are altered by heated sea…
all of these
Black smokers are associated with?
turbidites
All of the following are layers that comprise oceanic crust e…
16 terms
Geology Chapter 13
Burial Metamorphism
Impact metamorphism
4 major ways to classify a metamorphic…
High grade metamorphic rocks
occurs when a plate is subjected, lower grade metamorphism oc…
occurs when an asteroid hits earths surface, rare metamorphic…
-grade (pressure)... -Texture-foliation (banding)... -Crystal size
-froms in deep regions with a lot of heat and pressure
Burial Metamorphism
occurs when a plate is subjected, lower grade metamorphism oc…
Impact metamorphism
occurs when an asteroid hits earths surface, rare metamorphic…
10 terms
Geology Chapter 13
laminar flow
turbulent flow
discharge
dissolved load
The movement of water particles in straight-line paths that a…
Erratic movement of water often characterized by swirling, wh…
The quantity of water in a stream that passes a given point i…
The portion of a stream's load that is carried in solution
laminar flow
The movement of water particles in straight-line paths that a…
turbulent flow
Erratic movement of water often characterized by swirling, wh…
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