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Study sets matching "geology terms"

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Study sets matching "geology terms"

20 terms
Geology Terms
Anticline
Asthenosphere
Batholith
Bauxite
an upfold in rocks
a dense plastic layer of mantle below the lithosphere
an immense, dome-shape mass of intrusive
the ore from which aluminum is extracted
Anticline
an upfold in rocks
Asthenosphere
a dense plastic layer of mantle below the lithosphere
20 terms
Geology Terms
Crust
Mantle
Core
Magma
Thin, solid outer skin of the earth
Thick layer of rock below the earth's crust: it is partly sol…
Center of the earth, made of a liquid outer core and solid in…
Molten rock within the earth
Crust
Thin, solid outer skin of the earth
Mantle
Thick layer of rock below the earth's crust: it is partly sol…
24 terms
Geology Terms
Foliated vs Nonfoliated
Rock Cleavage
Grain Size
Banding
Do the minerals line up?
# of planes/angles
Fine to Coarse... Clay, silt, sand, gravel
Alternating, thin layers (typically 1 mm to 1 cm) of two diff…
Foliated vs Nonfoliated
Do the minerals line up?
Rock Cleavage
# of planes/angles
38 terms
Geology Terms
data
erosion
igneous rock
magma
Observations or measurements used by scientists to test hypot…
The physical removal of rock by an agent such as running wate…
A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of mag…
Molten rock.
data
Observations or measurements used by scientists to test hypot…
erosion
The physical removal of rock by an agent such as running wate…
46 terms
Geology terms
What is the age of the earth
relative age dating
law of super position
principle of original horizontality
4.55Ga
place rocks in their proper sequence of formation
oldest is at the bottom
...
What is the age of the earth
4.55Ga
relative age dating
place rocks in their proper sequence of formation
15 terms
Geology Terms
Metamorphic
Mineral
Igneous
Rock Cycle
Rock formed inside Earth from other rocks under heat and pres…
A nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
Rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens
Process in which rocks are constantly being formed and destro…
Metamorphic
Rock formed inside Earth from other rocks under heat and pres…
Mineral
A nonliving, naturally occurring solid that has its own regul…
Geology Terms
arches
butte
deposition
earthquake
curved rock formations, formed by a combination of types of e…
an isolated hill with steep even sides and a flat top
the dropping of sand and rock carried by wind or water as it…
energy waves passing through Earth caused by a sudden shift o…
arches
curved rock formations, formed by a combination of types of e…
butte
an isolated hill with steep even sides and a flat top
127 terms
Geology Terms
meteorite
geology
mineral
atmosphere
a fragment of either stony or metallic debris that falls to E…
the study of earth that involves the application of many othe…
a naturally occurring, inorganic, usually solid combination o…
the layer of gases surrounding the earth.
meteorite
a fragment of either stony or metallic debris that falls to E…
geology
the study of earth that involves the application of many othe…
68 terms
Geology Terms
Introduction
Geology
Geography
Plains
Geology and Geography
The scientific study of the history and physical nature of th…
The study of the earth and its features, especially the shape…
A flat expanse of land
Introduction
Geology and Geography
Geology
The scientific study of the history and physical nature of th…
14 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel & iron, at earth's cen…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel & iron, that surrounds…
The layer of rock between earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantle, including…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel & iron, at earth's cen…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel & iron, that surrounds…
11 terms
Geology Terms
asthenophere
lithosphere
crust
sedimentary rock
lower zone of upper mantle that is hot, partly melted rock th…
includes Earth's crust and the rigid, uppermost portion of th…
contains both continental and oceanic portions
sediments (dead plant and animal remains, tiny particles of w…
asthenophere
lower zone of upper mantle that is hot, partly melted rock th…
lithosphere
includes Earth's crust and the rigid, uppermost portion of th…
31 terms
Geology Terms
Geologic Time Scale
Relative Age
Absolute Age
Law of Superposition
a record of the life forms and geologic events in Earth's his…
the age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks
the number of years since a rock was formed
in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, the younger rocks lie…
Geologic Time Scale
a record of the life forms and geologic events in Earth's his…
Relative Age
the age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks
15 terms
Geology Terms
Core
Crust
Mantle
Oceanic crust
The layer after the mantle made from iron and nickle made fro…
A layer of solid land and ocean floor, ricks, mountains, soil…
A layer of hot, but solid rick 3,000 km thick.
The thin part of the crust beneath the ocean.
Core
The layer after the mantle made from iron and nickle made fro…
Crust
A layer of solid land and ocean floor, ricks, mountains, soil…
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
Most inner layer (middle) of the earth
Layer directly outside of the core
is the part of the earth between the core and the the crust
Outer layer of the earth
Inner Core
Most inner layer (middle) of the earth
Outer core
Layer directly outside of the core
31 terms
Geology Terms
Breakage
Color
Continental Drift
Cooling
(cleavage or fracture) how a mineral breaks... o Cleavage: the m…
the color of the mineral
he theory that tectonic plates have slowly moved
process responsible for turning lava into igneous rock.
Breakage
(cleavage or fracture) how a mineral breaks... o Cleavage: the m…
Color
the color of the mineral
21 terms
Geology Terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
The inner part of the core in the earth
the outer part of earths core
A layer of rock between Earths outer core and crust, Earths l…
the outer layer of the lithosphere
inner core
The inner part of the core in the earth
outer core
the outer part of earths core
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A ball of hot, solid metals at the center of the Earth
A layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
Earths thickest layer, hot rock that is less dense than the m…
A thin layer of cool rock
Inner Core
A ball of hot, solid metals at the center of the Earth
Outer Core
A layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
21 terms
geology terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
The earths innermost core, this core is solid
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, this layer s…
the 3rd layer of the earth and is 18000 miles thick, lays bet…
The outermost layer of the earth and is 22 miles in depth und…
Inner Core
The earths innermost core, this core is solid
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, this layer s…
21 terms
Geology terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
A sheath of tissue that encloses the vital organs of a mollus…
Earth's outermost layer.
inner core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
33 terms
Geology terms
line
point
plane
ray
A straight path that extends without end in opposite directions
An exact point in space
A flat surface that extends forever
a straight line extending from a point
line
A straight path that extends without end in opposite directions
point
An exact point in space
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
The layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantle, including…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly iron and nickel at the Earth'…
A layer of molten metal, mainly iron and nickel that surround…
The layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
A thin outer layer of rock above Earth's mantle, including al…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly iron and nickel at the Earth'…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly iron and nickel that surround…
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at ... Earth´s…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
The layer of rock between Earth´s outer core and crust, in wh…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet´s mantle, including…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at ... Earth´s…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
The layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust, thick…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantle, included…
Inner core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Outer core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
The Earth's inner core is the Earth's innermost part and acco…
The outer core of the Earth is a liquid layer about 2,300 km…
The interior of Earth, similar to the other terrestrial plane…
In geology, a crust is the outermost layer of a planet. The c…
Inner Core
The Earth's inner core is the Earth's innermost part and acco…
Outer Core
The outer core of the Earth is a liquid layer about 2,300 km…
14 terms
Geology Terms
Absolute Age
Carbon Film
Cast
Fossils
age in years, of a rock or other object; can be determined by…
thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
a type of body fossil that forms when crystals fill a mold or…
remains,imprints,or traces of prehistoric organizms that can…
Absolute Age
age in years, of a rock or other object; can be determined by…
Carbon Film
thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
15 terms
Geology Terms
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Island Arc
Where two or more plates move toward each other and collide.
Where two or more plates move away from each other.
Where two plates move horizontally along each other.
A curved chain of volcanic islands located at the boundary of…
Convergent Boundary
Where two or more plates move toward each other and collide.
Divergent Boundary
Where two or more plates move away from each other.
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
a ball of, hot, solid metals
a layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
the Earth's thickest layer, made of hot rock that is less den…
thin layer of cool rock
Inner Core
a ball of, hot, solid metals
Outer Core
a layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
Geology Terms
Mantle
Lithosphere
Crust
Asthenosphere
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Earth's outermost layer.
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
Mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
21 terms
Geology Terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
The layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantle
inner core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
outer core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
22 terms
Geology terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
a solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
the layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
a thin layer of rock above a planet's mantle, including all d…
inner core
a solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's c…
outer core
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
21 terms
Geology terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A ball of hot,solid metals
A Layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
Earths thickest layer, measuring nearly 2900 kilometers(1700…
A thin layer of cool rock on the top of earths atmosphere
Inner Core
A ball of hot,solid metals
Outer Core
A Layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earths ce…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
The layer of rock between Earths outer core and crust, in whi…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planets mantle, including…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earths ce…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
30 terms
Geology terms
meridian
Latitude
Physical map
Political map
longitude, runs North to south
location that goes horizontally ex. equater
map showing the landscape; mountains, rivers, etc
map showing borders, countries, cities, etc
meridian
longitude, runs North to south
Latitude
location that goes horizontally ex. equater
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metals, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's…
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
The layer of rock between earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
A thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantel, including…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metals, mainly nickel and iron, at Earth's…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
21 terms
geology terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
a solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at earth's c…
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
the layer of rock between earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
a thin outer layer of rock above a planet's mantle, including…
inner core
a solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at earth's c…
outer core
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surroun…
14 terms
Geology Terms
calcite
galena
gypsum
pyrite
reacts with acid
silver heavy cubes
very soft
fools gold
calcite
reacts with acid
galena
silver heavy cubes
27 terms
Geology Terms
topography
relief
region
Prime Meridian
physical characteristics of an area
highs or lows of an area
unifying characteristics such as climate, land population or…
runs through Greenwich England, is 0 degrees
topography
physical characteristics of an area
relief
highs or lows of an area
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core: A dense sphere of solid ir…
Outer Core:A layer of molten iron and…
Mantle:The layer of hot, solid materia…
Crust:
Earth's outermost layer.
Inner Core: A dense sphere of solid ir…
Outer Core:A layer of molten iron and…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Mantle
Hot Spot
Subduction
the dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of ea…
the sheath of tissue that encloses the vital organs of the mo…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
one plate going under another plate
Inner Core
the dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of ea…
Mantle
the sheath of tissue that encloses the vital organs of the mo…
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earths ce…
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel, and iron, that surrou…
the layer of rock between Earths outer core and crust, in whi…
a thin outer layer of rock above a planets mantel, including…
Inner core
A solid sphere of metal, mainly nickel and iron, at Earths ce…
Outer core
a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel, and iron, that surrou…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of the…
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
Earth's outermost layer.
Inner Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of the…
Outer Core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
22 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
the molten center of the Earth.
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and ou…
Earth's outermost layer.
Inner Core
the molten center of the Earth.
Outer Core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
21 terms
geology terms
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
Lithosphere
A layer of molten metal that surrounds earths inner core.
A layer of rock between earths crust and outer core. Rock is…
Thin outer layer of rock above a planets mantle. This include…
This layer of earth is made up of rigid rock of the upper man…
Outer Core
A layer of molten metal that surrounds earths inner core.
Mantle
A layer of rock between earths crust and outer core. Rock is…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A solid sphere of metal (due to gravity) mostly composed of i…
A liquid metal layer of earth surrounding the inner core comp…
The layer of rock between Earth's outer core and crust, in wh…
The thinnest outermost layer above the mantel which humanity…
Inner Core
A solid sphere of metal (due to gravity) mostly composed of i…
Outer Core
A liquid metal layer of earth surrounding the inner core comp…
21 terms
Geology Terms :))
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
a ball of hot, solid metals that is about 2400 km in diameter…
a layer of liquid metals that surround the inner cover that i…
earth thickest layer measuring nearly 2900 kilometers (1700 mi)
thin layer of cool rock that surrounds the earth (6-70 km thi…
Inner Core
a ball of hot, solid metals that is about 2400 km in diameter…
Outer Core
a layer of liquid metals that surround the inner cover that i…
21 terms
geology terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
a ball of hot, solid metals that is about 2400 km in diameter…
a layer of liquid metals that surround the inner cover that i…
earth thickest layer measuring nearly 2900 kilometers (1700 mi)
thin layer of cool rock that surrounds the earth (6-70 km thi…
inner core
a ball of hot, solid metals that is about 2400 km in diameter…
outer core
a layer of liquid metals that surround the inner cover that i…
38 terms
Geology Terms
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Physical Weathering
Rocks formed through heat and pressure.
Rocks formed through the cooling of lava or magma.
Rocks formed from many sediments.
Weathering that changes only the physical appearance of a roc…
Metamorphic Rock
Rocks formed through heat and pressure.
Igneous Rock
Rocks formed through the cooling of lava or magma.
23 terms
geology terms
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
Earth's outermost layer.
inner core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
21 terms
Geology Terms
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Crust
A ball of hot,solid metals. There is Enormous pressure in the…
The Earths most outer part of crust.
The Earths thickest Layer.
A thin layer of cool rock that surrounds Earth somewhat like…
Inner Core
A ball of hot,solid metals. There is Enormous pressure in the…
Outer Core
The Earths most outer part of crust.
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