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Study sets matching "geology"

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Study sets matching "geology"

14 terms
Geology
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Continental Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
The liquid layer of the Earth's core that lies beneath the Ma…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
Mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
95 terms
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
14 terms
Geology
Rock Cycle
metamorphic
Sedimentary
Igneous
a repeated series of events by which rock gradually and conti…
Rocks that undergo a physical change due to extreme heat and…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Rock Cycle
a repeated series of events by which rock gradually and conti…
metamorphic
Rocks that undergo a physical change due to extreme heat and…
18 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
95 terms
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
10 terms
Geology
Geology
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
The study of the history of the Earth.
Force on one object or another.
The hard, thick, outer covering of the Earth
The layer of the Earth between the crust and the core.
Geology
The study of the history of the Earth.
Pressure
Force on one object or another.
13 terms
Geology
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Seismic waves
Geology
the crust and rigid upper layer of the mantle which float on…
the lower, very molten part of the mantle upon which the lith…
the vibration that is released during an earthquake
study of the Earth
Lithosphere
the crust and rigid upper layer of the mantle which float on…
Asthenosphere
the lower, very molten part of the mantle upon which the lith…
11 terms
Geology
Geology
Volcanoes
Eartquakes
Deserts and winds
...
...
...
Geology
...
Volcanoes
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
25 terms
Geology
Compaction
Cementation
Rock Cycle Order
One-centimetre diameter crystal
sediments are deeply buried, placing them under pressure beca…
hardening and welding of clastic sediments by precipitation o…
Metamorphic, magma, igneous, sediment
cooled slowly at temperatures between 1100 C and 1200 C
Compaction
sediments are deeply buried, placing them under pressure beca…
Cementation
hardening and welding of clastic sediments by precipitation o…
212 terms
Geology
Every branch of science must have
Scientific inquiry/scientific method
Use geology understand:
Geology
Facts, ideas, words (Antoine Lavoisier - chemist)
1. Data collected through observation... 2. Hypothesis - tentati…
1. problems like natural hazards (Volcanoes, earthquakes, tsu…
multi-disciplinary science, studies earth and its history
Every branch of science must have
Facts, ideas, words (Antoine Lavoisier - chemist)
Scientific inquiry/scientific method
1. Data collected through observation... 2. Hypothesis - tentati…
145 terms
Geology
The Earth is made up of mostly what tw…
Silicon has a charge of
Oxygen has a charge of
Silicate minerals
Oxygen and Silicon
+4
-2
most common mineral on Earth; compose over 95% of the contine…
The Earth is made up of mostly what tw…
Oxygen and Silicon
Silicon has a charge of
+4
36 terms
Geology
O Horizon (Humus)
Humus
R Horizon (Bedrock)
A Horizon (Top Soil)
Top of a profile, derived from plant and animal litter that w…
Mixture of decomposed organic materials and is usually dark i…
Bottom of the soil profile consisting of either unconsolidate…
Darker and richer in organic content than lower horizons, pre…
O Horizon (Humus)
Top of a profile, derived from plant and animal litter that w…
Humus
Mixture of decomposed organic materials and is usually dark i…
26 terms
geology
contour lines
contour interval
steep slope
gentle slope
determine with good accuracy the elevation or altitude of any…
the elevation difference between contour lines
contour lines
determine with good accuracy the elevation or altitude of any…
contour interval
the elevation difference between contour lines
94 terms
Geology
proton
neutron
electron
nucleus
a positive charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for…
a neutral charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for p…
a negative charge that surrounds the nucleus in clouds, depic…
The center of an atom
proton
a positive charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for…
neutron
a neutral charge that makes up the nucleus and accounts for p…
13 terms
Geology
volcano
continent
magma
lava
A weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface.
large landmasses of Earth
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface.
continent
large landmasses of Earth
24 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
16 terms
geology
latidude
longitude
valley
canyon
the angular distance of a place north or south
the angular distance of a place east or west
a low area of land between hills or mountains
a deep gorge
latidude
the angular distance of a place north or south
longitude
the angular distance of a place east or west
54 terms
Geology
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
any remains, trace, or imprint of a plant or animal that has…
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced
continental drift
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
13 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
28 terms
Geology
Richter Scale
Earthquake Fault
Magnitude
Earthquake Focus
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
A break or crack along which rocks move, place where large pa…
Measure of the energy released during an earthquake
The underground point of origin of an earthquake where rocks…
Richter Scale
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
Earthquake Fault
A break or crack along which rocks move, place where large pa…
13 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
38 terms
Geology
uniformitarianism
erosion
metamorphic rock
relative age
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Geology
Monomineralic
Polymineralic
sedimetary rock
igneous rock
Term used to describe rocks consisting almost entirely of a s…
rocks made of many minerals. most rocks are polymineralic
Formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks that…
rock formed from the cooling of molten rock; can be extrusive…
Monomineralic
Term used to describe rocks consisting almost entirely of a s…
Polymineralic
rocks made of many minerals. most rocks are polymineralic
47 terms
Geology
Continental Drift
Evidence of Continental Drift
Seafloor spreading
Convergent Plate Boundaries
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Matching Fossils on different continents. ... Shapes of the cont…
The process by which new seafloor (crust) is made at the mid-…
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Evidence of Continental Drift
Matching Fossils on different continents. ... Shapes of the cont…
28 terms
Geology
mineral
rock cycle
sedimentary rock
sediments
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
1. rock composed of small, broken pieces of other rocks, plan…
small, broken pieces of rocks, plants, or animals formed by e…
mineral
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
rock cycle
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
20 terms
Geology
What are the three ways a rocks are ca…
In which type of rock might you discov…
Magma that reaches the surface is call…
Magma below the surface that cools and…
1. Origin... 2. Texture... 3. Composition
Sedimentary
Lava
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
What are the three ways a rocks are ca…
1. Origin... 2. Texture... 3. Composition
In which type of rock might you discov…
Sedimentary
95 terms
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
13 terms
Geology
uniformitarianism
absolute dating
relative dating
index fossil
A principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
any method of measuring the age of an event or object in years
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
a fossil that is found in the rock layers of only one geologi…
uniformitarianism
A principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
absolute dating
any method of measuring the age of an event or object in years
6 terms
Geology
crust
mantle
inner core
outer core
the outer layer of Earth - made of solid rock
the thickest of Earth's layers - made mostly of rock, molten…
made of solid metal and rock - mostly iron
made of molten metal, thousand of degrees celsius
crust
the outer layer of Earth - made of solid rock
mantle
the thickest of Earth's layers - made mostly of rock, molten…
5 terms
Geology
compacting
contrast
hydroelectric
investigation
closely and firmly united or packed together; solid or dense
to compare in order to reveal differences
generating electricity from the energy of running or falling…
a search for information
compacting
closely and firmly united or packed together; solid or dense
contrast
to compare in order to reveal differences
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
30 terms
Geology
mineral
rock cycle
sedimentary rock
sediments
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
1. rock composed of small, broken pieces of other rocks, plan…
small, broken pieces of rocks, plants, or animals formed by e…
mineral
building block of rocks composed of compounds mde
rock cycle
process by which one type of rock turns into another type of…
101 terms
Geology
Geology
Igneous
Igneous
Igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
Geology
Study of rocks
Igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
44 terms
Geology
continental drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
any remains, trace, or imprint of a plant or animal that has…
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced
continental drift
the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
39 terms
Geology
continental drift
plate tectonics
subduction zone
geologic timetable
大陸漂移
板塊構造
隱沒帶
...
continental drift
大陸漂移
plate tectonics
板塊構造
22 terms
Geology
metamorphic
igneous
sedimentary
weathering
a type of rock formed by extreme heat and pressure
a type of rock that is formed when magma cools and hardens
this type of rock is formed from compaction and cementation
this is the breaking down of rocks
metamorphic
a type of rock formed by extreme heat and pressure
igneous
a type of rock that is formed when magma cools and hardens
23 terms
Geology
Rock types
Igneous
Sedimentary
Sedimentary rock types
Classified according to to their origins: Igneous, sedimentar…
Rock formed thru cooling and solidification of magma/lava
Rock formed by deposits of minerals & organic material and ar…
Coal, Limestone (animal shells), Stalactitie, Rock salt
Rock types
Classified according to to their origins: Igneous, sedimentar…
Igneous
Rock formed thru cooling and solidification of magma/lava
54 terms
Geology
Sphere
North Pole
South Pole
Equator
The shape of the earth
The top of the globe
The bottom of the earth
Imaginary line around the earth that is exactly halfway betwe…
Sphere
The shape of the earth
North Pole
The top of the globe
22 terms
Geology
Geology
Era
Period
Evolution
Study of the earth.
a unit of geologic time that includes two or more periods.
a subdivision of the eras in geologic time.
Change over time.
Geology
Study of the earth.
Era
a unit of geologic time that includes two or more periods.
9 terms
geology
ROCK
ROCK CYCLE
MAGMA
SEDIMENTARY ROCK
ROCK
ROCK CYCLE
52 terms
geology
core
mantle
crust
pangaea
innermost portion of earth
layers of earth's interior between the crust and the core (li…
solid, rocky outer portion or shell of the earth, lithosphere
large landmass extending from pole to pole, super continent
core
innermost portion of earth
mantle
layers of earth's interior between the crust and the core (li…
18 terms
GEOLOGY
InnerCore
Mantle
Outer core
Crust
Centre of the earth
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
A shell of hot, liquid metal beneath the mantle and above the…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
InnerCore
Centre of the earth
Mantle
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
Geology
geologist
property
size
texture
a scientist who studies rocks
a describing word, something you can observe like color, shap…
how big or small something is
how something feels
geologist
a scientist who studies rocks
property
a describing word, something you can observe like color, shap…
14 terms
Geology
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Continental Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
The liquid layer of the Earth's core that lies beneath the Ma…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
Mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
24 terms
Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Half-life
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of…
Length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in…
Uniformitarianism
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
Catastrophism
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
15 terms
Geology
Landforms
Rocks
Minerals
Igneous
Features that make up the earth's surface such as a plain, mo…
Made up of one or more minerals.
-Minerals are basic inorganic elements of the earth's crus
Produced by fire
Landforms
Features that make up the earth's surface such as a plain, mo…
Rocks
Made up of one or more minerals.
54 terms
Geology
Convergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Crust
Mantle
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
16 terms
Geology
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
A massive layer of very hot rock beneath the Earth's crust.
Thin, semi-rigid, brittle outer surface of the Earth.
inner core
Inner most layer of the Earth located at the centre. Is a sol…
outer core
Liquid layer of the Earth that surrounds the inner core.
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