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Study sets matching "geoscience chapter 17"

56 terms
Geoscience Chapter 17
Humidity
Condensation
Relative Humidity
Orographic lifting
The general term for the amount of water vapor in the air
The process whereby water vapor changes to the liquid state
The ratio of air's actual water vapor content to its potentia…
When elevated terrains, such as mountains, act as a barrier t…
Humidity
The general term for the amount of water vapor in the air
Condensation
The process whereby water vapor changes to the liquid state
Geoscience Chapter 17 Vocabulary: Atmosphere
ozone
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
a form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms into each m…
the bottom layer of the atmosphere, where temperature decreas…
the second layer of the atmosphere, where the temperature rem…
the third layer of the atmosphere, where temperatures decreas…
ozone
a form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms into each m…
troposphere
the bottom layer of the atmosphere, where temperature decreas…
26 terms
Geoscience Chapter 17 (Urban Ecosystem)
Malmö, Sweden's Green City:
Urbanization:
Urbanization Depended on Various Facto…
Urbanization: Ancient Cities:
- An ancient prosperous city that began to decline in the 198…
- The increasing concentration of human populations in densel…
1. Growth of food supply... 2. Market Economies... 3. Water and Was…
- Earliest simple cities were nearly 15,000 years ago. They s…
Malmö, Sweden's Green City:
- An ancient prosperous city that began to decline in the 198…
Urbanization:
- The increasing concentration of human populations in densel…
33 terms
Koch Geoscience Ch 17: Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation
humidity
condensation
relative humidity
orographic lifting
the amount of water vapor in the air
the process by which molecules of water vapor in the air beco…
the percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
mountains acting as barriers to the flow of air force the air…
humidity
the amount of water vapor in the air
condensation
the process by which molecules of water vapor in the air beco…
95 terms
Geoscience: Chapter 17 & 19 (unit 6)
What is constantly changing and refers…
What is based on observations of weath…
What is a mixture of gases and particl…
How much of the air is purely nitrogen?
Weather
Climate
Air
70%
What is constantly changing and refers…
Weather
What is based on observations of weath…
Climate
60 terms
Geoscience: Ch 17-19 review
The force exerted by the weight of the…
Near the equator, rising air is associ…
What 3 factors work together to contro…
Which of the following is true?
a
equatorial low
friction, pressure differences, Coriolis effect
land heats more rapidly and quicker than water
The force exerted by the weight of the…
a
Near the equator, rising air is associ…
equatorial low
15 terms
geoscience 17
fact
quote 1
quote 2
law of superposition
plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch)
science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
if it's not true, don't say it. if it's not right, don't do it.
in undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
fact
plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch)
quote 1
science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
13 terms
Geoscience Chapter 5
Renewable Energy Resource
Net Energy Yield
Energy Conservation
Energy Efficiency
One that natural processes can replenish within a relatively…
The total amount of high-quality energy available from an ene…
Any reduction in the use or waste of energy
The measure of how much work we can get from each unit of ene…
Renewable Energy Resource
One that natural processes can replenish within a relatively…
Net Energy Yield
The total amount of high-quality energy available from an ene…
16 terms
geoscience chapter 6
sediments
lithification
cementation
bedding
small, solid pieces of material that comes from rocks or orga…
the physical and chemical processes that transform sediments…
The process by which dissolved minerals crystalize and glue p…
Horizontal layering in sedimentary rock that can range from a…
sediments
small, solid pieces of material that comes from rocks or orga…
lithification
the physical and chemical processes that transform sediments…
34 terms
Geoscience Chapter 7
geology
core
mantle
crust
scientific study of structure of earth and the processes that…
extremely hot innermost zone (solid center surrounded by zone…
thick zone around the core/ makes up 84% of earth's volume (s…
-outermost zone/ thin layer of solid material (bodies of wate…
geology
scientific study of structure of earth and the processes that…
core
extremely hot innermost zone (solid center surrounded by zone…
29 terms
Geoscience Chapter 6
Nonrenewable energy resources
Net energy yields
Nonrenewable fossil fuels
Petroleum/ crude oil
exist in fixed quantity in earth's crust (fossil fuels, oil,…
total amount of high-quality energy required to make it avail…
by products of ancient decomposed plants and animals formed b…
-mostly made of compounds called hydrocarbons/ formed from de…
Nonrenewable energy resources
exist in fixed quantity in earth's crust (fossil fuels, oil,…
Net energy yields
total amount of high-quality energy required to make it avail…
40 terms
Geoscience Chapter 16
Blackout of August 14, 2003:
Renewable Energy:
What is the primary challenge of using…
What are some of the benefits of renew…
- It affected the Northeast of the United States and parts of…
- Energy derived from sources that are not depleted when they…
- They are diffuse and intermittent.
- They have less environmental impacts.... - It is an infinite a…
Blackout of August 14, 2003:
- It affected the Northeast of the United States and parts of…
Renewable Energy:
- Energy derived from sources that are not depleted when they…
31 terms
Geoscience Ch. 17
weather
climate
Mixture of gases
ozone
local atmosphere
regional atmosphere
nitrogen: 78%... carbon dioxide: .04%... argon: <1%... oxygen: 21%... oth…
a form of oxygen that combines 3 oxygen atoms into each molec…
weather
local atmosphere
climate
regional atmosphere
74 terms
Geoscience Chapter 1
Sustainability
Species
Extinct
Environment
Capacity of the earth's natural systems and our human cultura…
Groups of organisms with distinctive traits
No longer existing on earth
Everything around us - includes all living and non-living thi…
Sustainability
Capacity of the earth's natural systems and our human cultura…
Species
Groups of organisms with distinctive traits
18 terms
geoscience chapter 12
types of mechanical weathering
types of chemical weathering
would feldspar or quartz weather faster
how would a rock weather in the Sahara…
abrasion... ice wedging... plant wedging ... expanding clay... exfoliatio…
erosion... hydrolysis... plant acids... oxidation... acid rain ... leaching…
feldspar because water breaks down the feldspar into clay
the rock would weather faster because the sand is rough and b…
types of mechanical weathering
abrasion... ice wedging... plant wedging ... expanding clay... exfoliatio…
types of chemical weathering
erosion... hydrolysis... plant acids... oxidation... acid rain ... leaching…
22 terms
Environmental Geoscience: Chapter 10
Evaporation
Transpiration
Precipitation
Surface runoff
the conversion of liquid water in the oceans, rivers, lakes,…
the evaporation of water from the plant leaves into the atmos…
the return of water from the atmosphere to the planet's surfa…
freshwater from precipitation and snowmelt that flows over th…
Evaporation
the conversion of liquid water in the oceans, rivers, lakes,…
Transpiration
the evaporation of water from the plant leaves into the atmos…
9 terms
geoscience 100 chapter 6
types of metamorphism
regional metamorphism
contact metamorphism
burial metamorphism
1. contact ... 2. burial... 3. regional
med T and high P
Hight T and low p
med T and med T
types of metamorphism
1. contact ... 2. burial... 3. regional
regional metamorphism
med T and high P
16 terms
Geoscience Vocab #17
Fact of the Week:
Quote of the Week: #1
Quote of the Week #2
Law of Superposition
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch).
"Science is the tool for understanding how the world works."
"If its not true, don't say it. If it's not right, don't do i…
In undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
Fact of the Week:
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch).
Quote of the Week: #1
"Science is the tool for understanding how the world works."
17 terms
Geoscience Vocab #17
Fact
Quote 1
Quote 2
Law of superposition
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch)
"Science is the best tool for understanding how the world wor…
"If it's not true, don't say it. If it's not right, don't do…
In undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
Fact
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (one inch)
Quote 1
"Science is the best tool for understanding how the world wor…
16 terms
Geoscience vocab #17
Fotw
Qotw
Qotw#2
Law of superposition
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year(oneinch)
"Science is the best tool for understanding how the world wor…
"If it's not true, don't say it. If it's not right, don't do…
In undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
Fotw
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year(oneinch)
Qotw
"Science is the best tool for understanding how the world wor…
58 terms
Chapter 7 test prep geoscience
What are two types of weathering?
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
What factors are involved in mechanica…
Mechanical and chemical
The process in which materials are near the earths surface br…
A type of weathering in which rocks and minerals break down i…
Temperature and pressure
What are two types of weathering?
Mechanical and chemical
Weathering
The process in which materials are near the earths surface br…
16 terms
Geoscience Vocab 17
Fact Of The Week
Quote of The Week
Quote of The Week
Law of Superposition
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (1 inch)
Science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
If it's not true, don't say it. If it's not right, don't do it.
In undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
Fact Of The Week
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year (1 inch)
Quote of The Week
Science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
33 terms
Geoscience Chapter 16 The Atmosphere
Troposphere
Weather
Rotation
Thermosphere
The bottom layer of the atmosphere, where temperature decreas…
A word used to denote the state of the atmosphere at a partic…
Spinning of the earth in its axis
The outermost layer of the atmosphere
Troposphere
The bottom layer of the atmosphere, where temperature decreas…
Weather
A word used to denote the state of the atmosphere at a partic…
17 terms
Geoscience Vocab 1-17
Atomic Nuclei
Electron
Neutron
Nuclear Fusion
The small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at…
A negatively charged subatomic particle.
A subatomic particle in the atomic nucleus with no charge.
The process of combining two light nuclei to form heavier, mo…
Atomic Nuclei
The small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at…
Electron
A negatively charged subatomic particle.
12 terms
Chapter 8 geoscience
Pyroclastic material
Crater
AA flow
Cinder Cone
Particles of polarized rock, lava and glass fragments blown f…
An unusual large volcanic. Summit depression that exceeds 1 k…
Lava flow that has a surface of rough Jagged blocks
A rather small volcano with steep slopes built from ejected l…
Pyroclastic material
Particles of polarized rock, lava and glass fragments blown f…
Crater
An unusual large volcanic. Summit depression that exceeds 1 k…
13 terms
Geoscience chapter 2
atom
Element
Mass number
Atomic number
tiny building blocks of matter
Substance that contains only one type is Atom
The number of protons plus the number of neutron in an atom
The number of protons
atom
tiny building blocks of matter
Element
Substance that contains only one type is Atom
55 terms
Geoscience chapter 7
Volcanism
Aa
Pahoehoe
Pillow Lava
the movement of magma toward the earths surface
hardened lava with very sharp and extremely rough edges
hardened lava, smooth and twisted, ropy appearance
rounder and softer looking- made when lava pours and cools in…
Volcanism
the movement of magma toward the earths surface
Aa
hardened lava with very sharp and extremely rough edges
35 terms
Geoscience Chapter 24
Absolute magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Barred spiral
Big bang
The apparent brightness of a star if it were viewed from a di…
The brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
A galaxy having straight arms extending from its nucleus
The theory that proposes that the universe originated as a si…
Absolute magnitude
The apparent brightness of a star if it were viewed from a di…
Apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
13 terms
Geoscience Chapter 5
lava
Igneous Rock
Partial Melting
Bowens Reaction Series
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
The process by which most igneous rocks melt. Since individua…
The sequence of crystallization and melting of igneous rocks…
lava
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
Igneous Rock
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
17 terms
Geoscience Chapter 10
Water cycle/ hydrologic cylce
evaporation
transpiration
precipitation
-driven by solar energy... -evaporation ... -transpiration... -precipi…
conversion of liquid water in oceans, rivers, lakes, and soil…
evaporation of water from plant leaves into the atmosphere
the return of water from the atmosphere to planet's surface (…
Water cycle/ hydrologic cylce
-driven by solar energy... -evaporation ... -transpiration... -precipi…
evaporation
conversion of liquid water in oceans, rivers, lakes, and soil…
24 terms
Vocab for chapter 23 geoscience
Electromagnetic radiation
Photons
Radiation pressure
Spectroscopy
The transfer of energy through space by electromagnetic waves
A discrete amount of electromagnetic energy
The force exerted by electromagnetic radiation from an object…
The study of spectra
Electromagnetic radiation
The transfer of energy through space by electromagnetic waves
Photons
A discrete amount of electromagnetic energy
14 terms
Geoscience chapter 3 vocabulary
Fossil fuel
Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
Sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
Liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is burne…
Fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found…
Fossil fuel
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
Coal
Sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
17 terms
Geoscience Vocab 1-17
atomic nuclei (nucleus)
electron
nuclear fusion
nucleosynthesis
the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at…
a negatively charged subatomic particle
the process of combining two light nuclei to form a heavier,…
the creation of new elements in stars by combining lighter nu…
atomic nuclei (nucleus)
the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at…
electron
a negatively charged subatomic particle
15 terms
Chapter 19 geoscience
air pressure
barometer
pressure gradient
Coriolis effect
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
the amount of pressure change occurring over given distance
the apparent deflective
air pressure
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
barometer
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
14 terms
Chapter 21 Vocab Geoscience
Climate
Climate change
global warming
ozone
weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a…
change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular…
gradual increase in overall temperature of earth's atmosphere…
layer of gases in sky that prevents harmful radiation from sun
Climate
weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a…
Climate change
change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular…
Geoscience Chapter 18
Causes of weather
Results of high air pressure
Results of low air pressure
Causes of wind
1. Differences in air pressure... 2. Differences air pressure- c…
Air sinking
Air rising
1. Pressure gradient force (pgf) ... 2. Coriolis Effect... 3. Frict…
Causes of weather
1. Differences in air pressure... 2. Differences air pressure- c…
Results of high air pressure
Air sinking
13 terms
geoscience chapter 3
mass number
isotopes
anions
igneous rocks
Number of protons and neutrons
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
negative ions
formed when magma cools beneath Earth's surface or when lava…
mass number
Number of protons and neutrons
isotopes
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
9 terms
geoscience chapter 1
geography
latitude
longitude
great circle
the study of the physical features of the earth & its atmosph…
the angular distance of a place north or south of the earths…
the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian
a circle on the surface of a sphere that lies in a plane pass…
geography
the study of the physical features of the earth & its atmosph…
latitude
the angular distance of a place north or south of the earths…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Geoscience
earthquake
focus
epicenter
elastic rebound hypothesis
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
point within the earth where the quake starts.
location on the surface directly above the focus.
the release of energy stared in deformed rocks.
earthquake
vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
focus
point within the earth where the quake starts.
40 terms
Geoscience Chapter 7
Metamorphic Rock
Metamorphism
Metamorphic minerals
Metamorphic Texture
Forms when a preexisting rock or protolith undergoes a solid-…
The process of change a metamorphic rock undergoes.
New minerals that grow in place within the solid rock only un…
Defined by distinctive arrangments of mineral grains not foun…
Metamorphic Rock
Forms when a preexisting rock or protolith undergoes a solid-…
Metamorphism
The process of change a metamorphic rock undergoes.
17 terms
Geoscience Chapter 4
Mineral
Crystal
Luster
Hardness
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a specific chemica…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
Mineral
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a specific chemica…
Crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Geoscience
Proposed a hypothesis, 1915. Published…
Once a supercontinent called pangea. C…
Jig-Saw puzzle pieces (South America &…
Main objection to Wegener's proposal w…
Alfred Wegener
Continental Drift Hypothesis.
Wegener's Evidence
Mechanism
Proposed a hypothesis, 1915. Published…
Alfred Wegener
Once a supercontinent called pangea. C…
Continental Drift Hypothesis.
12 terms
geoscience chapter 4
ITCZ
thermohaline circulation
sub solar point
declination
(interview convergence zone) area encircling the earth near t…
is a part of the large scale ocean circulation that is driven…
location where sun hits earth at 90 degree angle ... -point wher…
latitude of the sub solar point
ITCZ
(interview convergence zone) area encircling the earth near t…
thermohaline circulation
is a part of the large scale ocean circulation that is driven…
18 terms
Geoscience Chapter 6
Earthquakes
Elastic Rebound Theory
Characteristics of P Waves
Characteristics of S waves
any shaking or trembling of the earths crust.
the release of energy from rocks that were locked and had inc…
fastest, first to arrive, compressions, travel through solids…
second to arrive, like waves on water, travel only through so…
Earthquakes
any shaking or trembling of the earths crust.
Elastic Rebound Theory
the release of energy from rocks that were locked and had inc…
22 terms
Geoscience Chapter 6
sediments
cementation
lithification
bedding
Particles of rock and sand
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces be…
The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compac…
Horizontal layering in sedimentary rock that can range from a…
sediments
Particles of rock and sand
cementation
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces be…
16 terms
Geoscience chapter 7
Earthquake
Shadow zone
Lithosphere
Richter scale
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Absence of seismic waves (105-140)
Upper most mantle and the crust
Used to come up with the magnitude of an earthquake
Earthquake
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Shadow zone
Absence of seismic waves (105-140)
14 terms
Chapter Three Geoscience
Fossil fuel
Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
Sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
Liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is burne…
Fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found…
Fossil fuel
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed ov…
Coal
Sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant material; the worl…
Geoscience Chapter 5
Renewable Energy Resource
Net Energy Yield
Energy Conservation
Energy Efficiency
One that natural processes can replenish within a relatively…
The total amount of high-quality energy available from an ene…
Any reduction in the use or waste of energy
The measure of how much work we can get from each unit of ene…
Renewable Energy Resource
One that natural processes can replenish within a relatively…
Net Energy Yield
The total amount of high-quality energy available from an ene…
29 terms
Geoscience Chapter 1
Scientific method
Length
Mass
Area
1. Observe problem... 2.Ask a Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4. Test Hyp…
meter (m)
Kilograms (kg)
Square meter (m2)
Scientific method
1. Observe problem... 2.Ask a Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4. Test Hyp…
Length
meter (m)
63 terms
Geoscience Chapter 23
Air is composed of
percent nitrogen in the air
percent oxygen in the air
percent argon in the air
Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon and Carbon Dioxide
78
21
0.96
Air is composed of
Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon and Carbon Dioxide
percent nitrogen in the air
78
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