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Study sets matching "geoscience"

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Study sets matching "geoscience"

50 terms
Geoscience
Soil is a major component of the ______
The regolith also contains:
Soil has one or both of the following:
Soil in relations to the Rock cycle:
Regolith
Oxidized, weathered and fractured bedrock... Volcanic ash, lava…
Laminar Structure (Horizons or Layers)... Supportive Fertility
Residual soils: are made of materials that have remained in p…
Soil is a major component of the ______
Regolith
The regolith also contains:
Oxidized, weathered and fractured bedrock... Volcanic ash, lava…
10 terms
Geoscience
trace fossil
extinct
petrified
preserved remains
examples include footprints or burrows, that demonstrate that…
no longer alive, examples include a mammoth or saber toothed…
mineral rich water fills in the spaces of an organism and tur…
type of fossil that occurs when most of an animal is preserve…
trace fossil
examples include footprints or burrows, that demonstrate that…
extinct
no longer alive, examples include a mammoth or saber toothed…
22 terms
Geoscience
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
this is thickest layer of the Earth, where convection current…
the thin, ridgid, outermost layer of earth.
inner core
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
9 terms
Geoscience
Permeability
Zone of accumulation
Glacial Budget
Valley Glacier
Liquid can pass through rock/sediment
Snowfall accumulates then ablation happens
Balance depending on accumulation and ablation
A glacier in a valley
Permeability
Liquid can pass through rock/sediment
Zone of accumulation
Snowfall accumulates then ablation happens
39 terms
Geoscience
Alfred Wegner
continental drift
fossil
pangea
German Meteorologist who proposed the theory of coninental dr…
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
According to theory this was a "supercontinent" that containe…
Alfred Wegner
German Meteorologist who proposed the theory of coninental dr…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
48 terms
Geoscience
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Geosphere
Sphere of sky (gasses around the Earth)
Sphere of Water
Sphere of Life
Sphere of Rocky Earth
Atmosphere
Sphere of sky (gasses around the Earth)
Hydrosphere
Sphere of Water
25 terms
Geoscience
Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by alteration of preexisting rock deep within the…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous Rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
24 terms
Geoscience
Superposition
Original horizontality
Original lateral continuity
Rock Cycle
States that in an undisturbed sequence of strata the oldest s…
States that all strata are horizontal when they form.
States that strata are originally unbroken across huge expans…
...
Superposition
States that in an undisturbed sequence of strata the oldest s…
Original horizontality
States that all strata are horizontal when they form.
84 terms
Geoscience
Terrestrial Planets
Gas Giants
The Nebular Theory
The Big Bang
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars... near sun, small, metal core surro…
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune... past asteroid belt, large, m…
proposes that the bodies of our solar system evolved from an…
Edwin Hubble... ~13.8 billion years... All matter and energy in spa…
Terrestrial Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars... near sun, small, metal core surro…
Gas Giants
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune... past asteroid belt, large, m…
39 terms
Geoscience
Alfred Wegner
continental drift
fossil
pangea
German Meteorologist who proposed the theory of coninental dr…
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
According to theory this was a "supercontinent" that containe…
Alfred Wegner
German Meteorologist who proposed the theory of coninental dr…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
126 terms
Geoscience
planet
moon
Earth's atmosphere
Earth's surface
a large, spherical solid object orbiting a star
an object locked in orbit around a planet
consists of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and 1% of other element…
30% is dry land, 70% is water
planet
a large, spherical solid object orbiting a star
moon
an object locked in orbit around a planet
18 terms
Geoscience
Geography
Spatial
Physical geography
Process
studies the relationships among natural systems, geographic a…
the nature and character of physical space, its measurement,…
Earth systems science: Earth is an interacting set of physica…
a set of actions or mechanisms that operate in some special o…
Geography
studies the relationships among natural systems, geographic a…
Spatial
the nature and character of physical space, its measurement,…
Geoscience
Catastrophism
Uniformatism
Law of superposition
Hydrosphere
theory that changes in earth's crust resulted from sudden vio…
theory that changes in the earth's crust resulted from action…
youngest layer is on top and the oldest on bottom
water
Catastrophism
theory that changes in earth's crust resulted from sudden vio…
Uniformatism
theory that changes in the earth's crust resulted from action…
71 terms
Geoscience
What does the Big Bang Theory describe?
What is our best estimate for the age…
How old is Earth?
How old is the sun, planets, meteorite…
how the Universe began in a rapid expansion about 13.7 billio…
about 13.8 billion years old (14)
4.6 billion years old, based on radiometric ages of meteorite…
4.6 billions years old
What does the Big Bang Theory describe?
how the Universe began in a rapid expansion about 13.7 billio…
What is our best estimate for the age…
about 13.8 billion years old (14)
44 terms
Geoscience
Continental drift
Earthquake
tectonic plate
the gradual movement of the earth's continents
when tectonic plates move
the lithsosphere is divided into pieces
Continental drift
the gradual movement of the earth's continents
Earthquake
when tectonic plates move
11 terms
Geoscience
Geoscience process
Global
Interactions
Weathering
Any process that happens on earth such as erosion, weathering…
Relating to the whole world.
Effects on things on other things.
The mechanical or chemical process that breaks rocks into sma…
Geoscience process
Any process that happens on earth such as erosion, weathering…
Global
Relating to the whole world.
10 terms
geoscience
proterozoic
boudinage
dehydration
protolith
n.元古宙
n.石香肠
n.失水
n.原岩
proterozoic
n.元古宙
boudinage
n.石香肠
21 terms
Geoscience
1
2
3
4
New star with nebula
Bombardment
Thea collides
Moon formes
1
New star with nebula
2
Bombardment
22 terms
Geoscience
1
2
3
4
New star with nebula
Bombardment
Thea collides
Moon forms
1
New star with nebula
2
Bombardment
13 terms
Geoscience
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
igneous
-Formed directly from the cooling and _solidification of __ma…
formed in layers of rocks & by the deposition of material on…
formed from the transformation of existing rock types as they…
Can result from the melting of previous rocks or come directl…
igneous
-Formed directly from the cooling and _solidification of __ma…
sedimentary
formed in layers of rocks & by the deposition of material on…
18 terms
GEOscience
CEC
porosity
Formation Factor
coordinates
Cation Exchange Capacity
porowatość
parametr porowatości
współrzędne
CEC
Cation Exchange Capacity
porosity
porowatość
8 terms
Geoscience
Supernova
Big Bang
Red super giant
White dwarf
a star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because…
is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from th…
are supergiant stars They are the largest stars in the univer…
a small very dense star that is typically the size of a plane…
Supernova
a star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because…
Big Bang
is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from th…
14 terms
Geoscience
Our solar system is
Keplers 1st law
Keplers 2nd law
Inertia
Heliosentric
Elliptical
Faster
Moving objects move in a strait line
Our solar system is
Heliosentric
Keplers 1st law
Elliptical
21 terms
geoscience
Arctic circle
antarctic circle
tropic of capricorn
Tropic of Cancer
circle of latitude 66.5 degrees north of the equator and mark…
circle of latitude surrounding Antarctica 66 degrees south of…
23.5 degrees south of the equator, the subsolar point of the…
is the most northerly circle of latitude on the Earth at whic…
Arctic circle
circle of latitude 66.5 degrees north of the equator and mark…
antarctic circle
circle of latitude surrounding Antarctica 66 degrees south of…
14 terms
Geoscience
Quote
Fact
Astronomy
Orbit
If i have seen farther than others.it is because i have stood…
Distance to the sun from earth is 150,000,000 km
The scientific study of the universe
The path followed by a celestial body because of the gravity
Quote
If i have seen farther than others.it is because i have stood…
Fact
Distance to the sun from earth is 150,000,000 km
19 terms
Geoscience
Quote
Fact #1
Fact #2
Nuclear fusion
Reality is that which,when you stop believing in it,doesn't g…
The sun is the same density as water
You can fit 1,000 earths in Jupiter and 1,000,000 earths in t…
Nuclei of small atoms combine to form larger nuclei
Quote
Reality is that which,when you stop believing in it,doesn't g…
Fact #1
The sun is the same density as water
18 terms
Geoscience
Quote
Facts 1
Orographic
Windward
Everybody talks about the weather,but nobody does anything ab…
At any time 70% of the earth is cloud
If it related to mountains
On the side facing the wind
Quote
Everybody talks about the weather,but nobody does anything ab…
Facts 1
At any time 70% of the earth is cloud
14 terms
Geoscience
Lithosphere
Crust
Mantle
Asthenosphere
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The solid, outermost layer of the earth, lying above the mantle
The portion of the earth between the crust and core
The upper layer of the earths mantle below the lithosphere
Lithosphere
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Crust
The solid, outermost layer of the earth, lying above the mantle
41 terms
Geoscience
Qualitative
Quantitative
Independent
Dependent
5 senses, qualities
Numbers
you change on purpose
responds to independent, what you take data on
Qualitative
5 senses, qualities
Quantitative
Numbers
10 terms
geoscience
Copernicus
Ptolemy
Brahe
Kepler
Heliocentric Idea- The sun was the center of the universe.
Geocentric Idea- The earth is at the center of the universe.
Had great data. Supported the geocentric idea.
Demonstrated with his three laws that the earth orbits the su…
Copernicus
Heliocentric Idea- The sun was the center of the universe.
Ptolemy
Geocentric Idea- The earth is at the center of the universe.
11 terms
Geoscience
Periods
Epoch
Era
Petroleum
Cambrian>ordovician>silurian>Devonian>Carboniferous>Permian>T…
Carboniferious: Mississipian>Pennsylvaninan... Paleogene: Paleoc…
Precamberian>Palaeozoic>mesozoic>cenozoic
Comes from biosphere and atmosphere
Periods
Cambrian>ordovician>silurian>Devonian>Carboniferous>Permian>T…
Epoch
Carboniferious: Mississipian>Pennsylvaninan... Paleogene: Paleoc…
10 terms
Geoscience
Define relative age.
Define absolute age
Relative time:... Define principle of sup…
Relative time:... Define the principle of…
Relative age is the age of one feature compared to another fe…
Absolute age is measured in millions of years either as durat…
Each layer of rock in an undisturbed sequence is younger than…
If one geological feature cuts across another, the feature th…
Define relative age.
Relative age is the age of one feature compared to another fe…
Define absolute age
Absolute age is measured in millions of years either as durat…
47 terms
Geoscience
Earthquake
Faults
Elastic Rebound
What causes earthquakes
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
rocks slide past one another along fractures in the crust
deformed rocks "snap back" to their original position
-plate tectonics... -stresses
Earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
rocks slide past one another along fractures in the crust
25 terms
Geoscience
Crystal size of phaneritic/coarse text…
crystal size of aphanitic/fine texture
crystal size of glassy texture
crystal size of porphyritic texture
large
small
none
none- holes and vesicles
Crystal size of phaneritic/coarse text…
large
crystal size of aphanitic/fine texture
small
24 terms
geoscience
Proposed heliocentric solar system
Force of gravity on an object
Formation of the solar system from hug…
Not part of the solar system
copernicus
weight
nebular theory
galaxies
Proposed heliocentric solar system
copernicus
Force of gravity on an object
weight
15 terms
Geoscience
Agriculture
Substance
Industrial
Pasture
The raising of crops and animals for purpose of food production
_________ agriculture is harvesting enough crops to meet a fa…
_________ agriculture is from developed countries, for wide s…
Where animals can freely roam around
Agriculture
The raising of crops and animals for purpose of food production
Substance
_________ agriculture is harvesting enough crops to meet a fa…
14 terms
geoscience
Minerals must
Non Minerals
Most minerals are
Most common elements in minerals are
occur naturally... be solid... have a definite chemical compostitio…
Wood (organic)... Oil (Not solid, organic)... Concrete (Not natural…
Compounds
Oxygen and Silicon
Minerals must
occur naturally... be solid... have a definite chemical compostitio…
Non Minerals
Wood (organic)... Oil (Not solid, organic)... Concrete (Not natural…
21 terms
Geoscience
Fact of the week
Quote
Caldera
Fault
The biggest earthquake in US history was a 9.2 in Alaska in 1…
When that facts change. I change my mind.what do you do sir?
A large created formed by the collapse of a volcanos mouth
A break in a body of rock along which there is movement
Fact of the week
The biggest earthquake in US history was a 9.2 in Alaska in 1…
Quote
When that facts change. I change my mind.what do you do sir?
16 terms
Geoscience
Fact
Quote
Quote
Law of superposition
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year(one inch)
Science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
If it's not true,don't say it, if it's not right,don't do it
In undisturbed sedimentary rocks the oldest are at the bottom…
Fact
Plates move about 2.5 cm per year(one inch)
Quote
Science is the best tool for understanding how the world works
18 terms
Geoscience
Fact
Quote
Earthquake
Seismologists
The earth has 200 impact craters, the moon a billion
"I'm a great believer in luck and I find the harder I work mo…
Vocations in the ground due to energy released when rocks alo…
Scientist who study quakes
Fact
The earth has 200 impact craters, the moon a billion
Quote
"I'm a great believer in luck and I find the harder I work mo…
9 terms
Geoscience
Shield
Strato/Composite
Caldera
Fissure
Large surface area, below sea level, effusive eruptions
Tall, steep sides, smaller area then shield, explosive erupti…
A big volcano with a big eruption that blew up, collapsed vol…
Divergent, long crack, mid ocean ridge, hot and low viscosity…
Shield
Large surface area, below sea level, effusive eruptions
Strato/Composite
Tall, steep sides, smaller area then shield, explosive erupti…
13 terms
geoscience
heliocentric
celestial sphere
ptolemy
parallax
sun-centered
stars rotate around the earth
predicted ellipse motion
caused by the motion of the earth around the sun, a shifting…
heliocentric
sun-centered
celestial sphere
stars rotate around the earth
22 terms
Geoscience
Quote
Fact 1
Facts 2
Atmosphere
The true measure of a man is how he treats someone that can d…
Average annual rainfall in las vegas is 4
Rainiest place on earth 467"
Layers of gases that surround earth
Quote
The true measure of a man is how he treats someone that can d…
Fact 1
Average annual rainfall in las vegas is 4
21 terms
Geoscience
Volcano
Quote
Facts 1
Facts 2
A mountain or hill,typically conical, having a crater or vent…
Everyone is entitled to their own opinion,but not third own f…
Mt Vesuvius buried the Roman city of pompeii in 79 AD
The largest volcano in the solar system is Olympus mons on mars
Volcano
A mountain or hill,typically conical, having a crater or vent…
Quote
Everyone is entitled to their own opinion,but not third own f…
49 terms
Geoscience
Oxisol
Ultisol
Alfisol
Spodosol
weak A and E, thick reddish B horizon, highly weathered, oxid…
weak A, leached E horizon, thick reddish brown B horizon, aci…
thin O horizon, thin A, eluvial E, brown b with clay accumula…
o horizon, leached e, reddish brown B, cold climates, heavily…
Oxisol
weak A and E, thick reddish B horizon, highly weathered, oxid…
Ultisol
weak A, leached E horizon, thick reddish brown B horizon, aci…
22 terms
Geoscience
It's the release of energy built up so…
Surface, P, S
P-waves: Push pull, fasted... S waves: Mo…
Crust, Mantle, Core
How does the elastic rebound hypothesis explain earthquakes?
What are three types of seismic waves?
What are the characteristics of each wave (Motion/destruction…
What are the three main layers of the earth?
It's the release of energy built up so…
How does the elastic rebound hypothesis explain earthquakes?
Surface, P, S
What are three types of seismic waves?
28 terms
Geoscience
system
open system
closed system
feedback loops
any set of ordered, interrelated components and their attribu…
inputs of energy and matter flow in and outputs of energy and…
system that is shut off from the environment so that it is se…
outputs that function as "information" travel through these p…
system
any set of ordered, interrelated components and their attribu…
open system
inputs of energy and matter flow in and outputs of energy and…
63 terms
Geoscience
Scour Marks
Is the up or down current side usually…
trace fossils
Sedimentary basins
form as bed is eroded, current indicators
Up
Nonbody fossils produced by living organisms as they modify t…
basins form in a variety of tectonic settings as plates move…
Scour Marks
form as bed is eroded, current indicators
Is the up or down current side usually…
Up
8 terms
Geoscience
ocean spreading center
continental rift zone
ocean-ocean convergence
ocean - continent convergence
rifting and spreading along a mid-ocean ridge create new lith…
rifting on continents, earthquakes and volcanoes
ocean lithosphere meets oceanic lithosphere, one plate is sub…
ocean lithosphere and continental lithosphere meet. ocean lit…
ocean spreading center
rifting and spreading along a mid-ocean ridge create new lith…
continental rift zone
rifting on continents, earthquakes and volcanoes
77 terms
Geoscience
Scientific inquiry
Hypothesis
Theory
Earth System
Science assumes the natural world is consistent and predictable
a tentative (or untested) explanation
a well-tested and widely accepted view that the scientific co…
dynamic planet with many interacting parts or spheres. The Ea…
Scientific inquiry
Science assumes the natural world is consistent and predictable
Hypothesis
a tentative (or untested) explanation
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