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Study sets matching "geoscience"

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Study sets matching "geoscience"

50 terms
Geoscience
Soil is a major component of the ______
The regolith also contains:
Soil has one or both of the following:
Soil in relations to the Rock cycle:
Regolith
Oxidized, weathered and fractured bedrock... Volcanic ash, lava…
Laminar Structure (Horizons or Layers)... Supportive Fertility
Residual soils: are made of materials that have remained in p…
Soil is a major component of the ______
Regolith
The regolith also contains:
Oxidized, weathered and fractured bedrock... Volcanic ash, lava…
9 terms
Geoscience
Permeability
Zone of accumulation
Glacial Budget
Valley Glacier
Liquid can pass through rock/sediment
Snowfall accumulates then ablation happens
Balance depending on accumulation and ablation
A glacier in a valley
Permeability
Liquid can pass through rock/sediment
Zone of accumulation
Snowfall accumulates then ablation happens
25 terms
Geoscience
Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by alteration of preexisting rock deep within the…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous Rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
24 terms
Geoscience
Superposition
Original horizontality
Original lateral continuity
Rock Cycle
States that in an undisturbed sequence of strata the oldest s…
States that all strata are horizontal when they form.
States that strata are originally unbroken across huge expans…
...
Superposition
States that in an undisturbed sequence of strata the oldest s…
Original horizontality
States that all strata are horizontal when they form.
126 terms
Geoscience
planet
moon
Earth's atmosphere
Earth's surface
a large, spherical solid object orbiting a star
an object locked in orbit around a planet
consists of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and 1% of other element…
30% is dry land, 70% is water
planet
a large, spherical solid object orbiting a star
moon
an object locked in orbit around a planet
Geoscience
Catastrophism
Uniformatism
Law of superposition
Hydrosphere
theory that changes in earth's crust resulted from sudden vio…
theory that changes in the earth's crust resulted from action…
youngest layer is on top and the oldest on bottom
water
Catastrophism
theory that changes in earth's crust resulted from sudden vio…
Uniformatism
theory that changes in the earth's crust resulted from action…
28 terms
Geoscience Ch. 3 VOCAB
Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by alteration of preexisting rock deep within the…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous Rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
134 terms
Geoscience Exam
astronomy
biosphere
ecology
geology
study of stars
study of all living things
study of organisms and their interaction
study of the earth
astronomy
study of stars
biosphere
study of all living things
14 terms
Geoscience Processes
plate tectonics
scale
landslide
earthquake
The continuation theory of continents drifting and plates mov…
measurement of a large or small area
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
plate tectonics
The continuation theory of continents drifting and plates mov…
scale
measurement of a large or small area
14 terms
Geoscience Processes
plate tectonics
scale
landslide
earthquake
The continuation theory of continents drifting and plates mov…
measurement of a large or small area
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
plate tectonics
The continuation theory of continents drifting and plates mov…
scale
measurement of a large or small area
154 terms
Geoscience - Unit 2
three types of volcanoes
stratovolcano
top 5 most dangerous volcanoes
shield volcano
stratovolcano (composite); shield; cinder cone
stereotypical image of erupting volcano; lava, pyroclastic de…
1. Yellowstone... 2. Mt. Vesuvius (Italy)... 3. Popocatepetl (Mexic…
"gentle giants," with small slope and mild eruption; fissure…
three types of volcanoes
stratovolcano (composite); shield; cinder cone
stratovolcano
stereotypical image of erupting volcano; lava, pyroclastic de…
68 terms
geoscience final
sidereal month (revolution period)
Lunar Month
Why do we see the same side of the moon?
why is the lunar month longer than the…
The moon takes 27.3 days to revolve once around the earth on…
a complete cycle of moon's phases takes 29.5 days
Bc moon rotates on its axis and revolves and rotates at the s…
the lunar month is the earth orbiting the sun and the siderea…
sidereal month (revolution period)
The moon takes 27.3 days to revolve once around the earth on…
Lunar Month
a complete cycle of moon's phases takes 29.5 days
54 terms
Geoscience Final
Terrestrial Planets
Gas Giants
Stellar Nucleosynthesis
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
heavier elements
light elements
Terrestrial Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Gas Giants
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
96 terms
geoscience midterm
what is a mineral?
what are the most abundant elements in…
tests for minerals
list each test and what they demonstrate
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
silicon (Si) and oxygen (O)
+++
- color - least useful/reliable, varies with impurities... - lus…
what is a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a specific chemic…
what are the most abundant elements in…
silicon (Si) and oxygen (O)
11 terms
Geoscience review
What are the factors that influence wi…
How can we predict wind speed
What direction does wind in the US move?
How do you find relative humidity?
-Pressure gradient force... -Coriolis effect... -friction
by look at how far apart the isobars are. If the isobars are…
East to West because of the jet streams caused by the rotatio…
Relative humidity= Specific humidity/capacity *100
What are the factors that influence wi…
-Pressure gradient force... -Coriolis effect... -friction
How can we predict wind speed
by look at how far apart the isobars are. If the isobars are…
71 terms
geoscience final
volcano
volcanic rock
basalt
andesite
a vent in the the Earth's surface through which magma erupts…
igneous and extrusive
mafic, moves 0-10 mph
intermediate composition, more viscous than basalt, solidifie…
volcano
a vent in the the Earth's surface through which magma erupts…
volcanic rock
igneous and extrusive
geoscience final
Know what layers of the Earth make up…
Know what happens when ocean crust and…
Know where convection currents take pl…
Know how we determined the layers of t…
crust
volcanic island forms
lithosphere
sesmic waves
Know what layers of the Earth make up…
crust
Know what happens when ocean crust and…
volcanic island forms
82 terms
Environmental Geoscience
Formation of Earth (Hadean)
Formation of Earth (Archean)
Formation of Earth (Proterozoic)
Formation of Earth (Phanerozoic)
4.54-4 BYA -- formation of earth and continental crust
4-2.5 BYA -- organic molecules, RNA and DNA, Prokaryotic life…
2.5 BYA - 542 MYA -- great oxygen event, eukaryotes, multicel…
542 MYA - present -- cambrian explosion, carboniferous, mesoz…
Formation of Earth (Hadean)
4.54-4 BYA -- formation of earth and continental crust
Formation of Earth (Archean)
4-2.5 BYA -- organic molecules, RNA and DNA, Prokaryotic life…
48 terms
Geoscience - Geology
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
The location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
A fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates
8 terms
Geoscience Basics
Rock Cycle
How do you weather a rock?
Sedimentary Rocks
Stratigraphy
Oxygen + water = agents of weathering... What speeds up weather…
Interact a lot more with the Earth's surface, so they can be…
Understanding the origin of the rock strata→ strata = layers…
Rock Cycle
How do you weather a rock?
Oxygen + water = agents of weathering... What speeds up weather…
22 terms
Weather Test- Geoscience
Understand the processes of the water…
Describe how relative humidity is affe…
-Define relative humidity.
DEW POINT
The water cycle illustrates how water, in liquid, solid, and…
-warm air holds more water vapor= high humidity... -cold air hol…
Relative humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air com…
What do we have to cool the air down to to make condensation…
Understand the processes of the water…
The water cycle illustrates how water, in liquid, solid, and…
Describe how relative humidity is affe…
-warm air holds more water vapor= high humidity... -cold air hol…
28 terms
Geoscience #3
Compressional Waves
Primary waves
S Wave
Direction of S Waves
Also known as p-waves
first to get to the seismic graph
-shear wave... -secondary wave
perpendicular to direction of wave front propagation
Compressional Waves
Also known as p-waves
Primary waves
first to get to the seismic graph
45 terms
Geoscience Geology Unit Test
Tectonic Plates
Continental and Oceanic Crust collisions
Convection Currents
Evidence for Plate Tectonics
Made up of the lithosphere
The oceanic crust sub ducts under the continental crust
Convection happens in the Asthenosphere
1. Ocean Drilling: oldest sea floor is furthest away from the…
Tectonic Plates
Made up of the lithosphere
Continental and Oceanic Crust collisions
The oceanic crust sub ducts under the continental crust
Geoscience vocab term
Humidity
Water vapor
Capacity
Saturation
a quantity representing the amount of water vapor in the atmo…
produced from the evaporation or boiling of liquid water or f…
the maximum amount that something can contain
the state or process that occurs when no more of something ca…
Humidity
a quantity representing the amount of water vapor in the atmo…
Water vapor
produced from the evaporation or boiling of liquid water or f…
16 terms
Geoscience Page 697 Vocab
Axis
Ellipse
Equinox
Full Moon
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
elongated closed curve that describes Earth's year long orbit…
twice-yearly Time Each spring and fall in the sun is directly…
phase that occurs when all of the moon's surface facing Earth…
Axis
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Ellipse
elongated closed curve that describes Earth's year long orbit…
80 terms
geoscience mineral quiz
Sylvite
Fluorite
Goethite
Bauxite
KCl... Halide
CaF2... Halide
FeO(OH)... Hydroxide
mix of Al-(OH)s ... Al-Ore... Hydroxide
Sylvite
KCl... Halide
Fluorite
CaF2... Halide
36 terms
Minerals-Geoscience
Description: Breaks along smooth plane
Description: Scratches glass
Description: Shines like a metal
Description: Scratching produces red p…
Physical Property: Cleavage
Physical Property: Hardness
Physical Property: Luster
Physical Property: Streak
Description: Breaks along smooth plane
Physical Property: Cleavage
Description: Scratches glass
Physical Property: Hardness
40 terms
Geoscience Chapter 16
Blackout of August 14, 2003:
Renewable Energy:
What is the primary challenge of using…
What are some of the benefits of renew…
- It affected the Northeast of the United States and parts of…
- Energy derived from sources that are not depleted when they…
- They are diffuse and intermittent.
- They have less environmental impacts.... - It is an infinite a…
Blackout of August 14, 2003:
- It affected the Northeast of the United States and parts of…
Renewable Energy:
- Energy derived from sources that are not depleted when they…
92 terms
Geoscience Final Study Guide
How was the moon formed?
How was the distribution of land and s…
Plate boundaries
Contental margins
-Planet collided with earth... -Planet and earths mantle debris…
Plate tectonics
-when lithosphere breaks up into parts of plate tectonics ... -m…
where land meets the ocean
How was the moon formed?
-Planet collided with earth... -Planet and earths mantle debris…
How was the distribution of land and s…
Plate tectonics
8 terms
Geoscience: ASTRONOMY
whats are the seven parts of the elect…
Blueshift
Redshift
SCIENTIFIC NOTATION
Radio, microwaves, infrared, visible , ultraviolet, x-rays, G…
the star is MOVING TOWARDS the observer. Wavelength gets shor…
the star is moving FARTHER AWAY. Frequency gets lower and wav…
used to write really large or really small numbers, like thos…
whats are the seven parts of the elect…
Radio, microwaves, infrared, visible , ultraviolet, x-rays, G…
Blueshift
the star is MOVING TOWARDS the observer. Wavelength gets shor…
125 terms
Geoscience Exam II
Types of lava
Basaltic lava
Andesitic lava
Rhyolitic lava
Basaltic, Andesitic, Rhyolitic
mid-ocean ridge, hot spots, continental rifts... Mafic... High temp…
subduction... Intermediate composition and temperature... Low volat…
continental hot spots... Felsic... Low temperatures... Very low volati…
Types of lava
Basaltic, Andesitic, Rhyolitic
Basaltic lava
mid-ocean ridge, hot spots, continental rifts... Mafic... High temp…
99 terms
Geoscience Exam 1
air pressure
Low Pressure... (Air rises convergence)... (…
High Pressure... (Air rises convergence)…
Isobars
pressure exerted by the weight of all the air molecules... less…
ex: bath tub drain, counterclockwise, goes up/not down into d…
-horizontal wind motion: clockwise & outward... -vertical wind m…
-white lines of equal pressure across a weather map... -spacing…
air pressure
pressure exerted by the weight of all the air molecules... less…
Low Pressure... (Air rises convergence)... (…
ex: bath tub drain, counterclockwise, goes up/not down into d…
104 terms
Geoscience - Quiz 1
natural hazard
human element
earth's population is increasing...
problems with city living
Earth process that, upon interaction with human activity, cau…
without humans, there would be no hazard -- this is why the s…
..exponentially!
hazard-prone, hyper-concentrated
natural hazard
Earth process that, upon interaction with human activity, cau…
human element
without humans, there would be no hazard -- this is why the s…
117 terms
Geoscience Terms Final
Continental Drift Alfred Wegener
Seafloor Spreading... Admiral Harry Hess
Plate Tectonics=
Asthenoshere
Continents fit together... Fossil distribution... Similar rock patt…
Sonar reveals ocean floor ridges and trenches... Magnetic lineat…
Continental Drift + Seafloor Spreading
Weak, ductile layer of mantle beneath lithosphere ... Deforms to…
Continental Drift Alfred Wegener
Continents fit together... Fossil distribution... Similar rock patt…
Seafloor Spreading... Admiral Harry Hess
Sonar reveals ocean floor ridges and trenches... Magnetic lineat…
56 terms
geoscience quiz 1
geohazard (natural hazard)
earth's population
goal with geohazards
types of natural disasters
It is an Earth process that upon interaction with human activ…
increasing. more people living in hazard prone areas. populat…
mitigate hazards. cannot prevent natural disasters or populat…
volcanoes floods earthquakes storms landslides tsunamis meteo…
geohazard (natural hazard)
It is an Earth process that upon interaction with human activ…
earth's population
increasing. more people living in hazard prone areas. populat…
42 terms
Geoscience Lab midterm
Gneiss... - coarsed grained, visible crys…
Marble... - crystalline texture, equal si…
Phylitte... - fine grained, shiny metalli…
Quartzite... - sandy texture, fine graine…
Gneiss... - coarsed grained, visible crys…
Marble... - crystalline texture, equal si…
18 terms
geoscience chapter 12
types of mechanical weathering
types of chemical weathering
would feldspar or quartz weather faster
how would a rock weather in the Sahara…
abrasion... ice wedging... plant wedging ... expanding clay... exfoliatio…
erosion... hydrolysis... plant acids... oxidation... acid rain ... leaching…
feldspar because water breaks down the feldspar into clay
the rock would weather faster because the sand is rough and b…
types of mechanical weathering
abrasion... ice wedging... plant wedging ... expanding clay... exfoliatio…
types of chemical weathering
erosion... hydrolysis... plant acids... oxidation... acid rain ... leaching…
45 terms
Geoscience Lab Midterm
Mineral: Hematite
Mineral: Kaolinite
Mineral: Bauxite
Mineral: Halite
non-metallic... >5.5... red/brown... IF... Economic use: iron... O0litic
non-metallic... <2.5... tan... IF... Economic use: clay... grassy feel
non-metallic... 2.5 - 5.5... reddish... IF... Economic use: Aluminium... pis…
Luster: non-metallic... Hardness: 2.5 - 5.5... Streak: white... Cleava…
Mineral: Hematite
non-metallic... >5.5... red/brown... IF... Economic use: iron... O0litic
Mineral: Kaolinite
non-metallic... <2.5... tan... IF... Economic use: clay... grassy feel
Geoscience Final Exam
Acid Rain
water cycle (hydraulic cycle)
pH
aquifers
Comes from burning of fossil fuels (ocean is not acidic becau…
- 1% Fresh water... - Engine is the sun... - Water goes in the grou…
5.6 pH - acid rain... 7 pH - natural
sand would be the best aquifer
Acid Rain
Comes from burning of fossil fuels (ocean is not acidic becau…
water cycle (hydraulic cycle)
- 1% Fresh water... - Engine is the sun... - Water goes in the grou…
35 terms
Geoscience March Review
Wind
Pressure Gradient Force
Specific Humidity
Relative Humidity
air flowing horizontally with respect to Earth's surface
the amount of pressure change over a certain distance, denote…
the ratio of water vapor to a unit of moist air
the ratio of the air's actual water vapor content compared to…
Wind
air flowing horizontally with respect to Earth's surface
Pressure Gradient Force
the amount of pressure change over a certain distance, denote…
9 terms
geoscience 100 chapter 6
types of metamorphism
regional metamorphism
contact metamorphism
burial metamorphism
1. contact ... 2. burial... 3. regional
med T and high P
Hight T and low p
med T and med T
types of metamorphism
1. contact ... 2. burial... 3. regional
regional metamorphism
med T and high P
52 terms
Engineering Geoscience - Stress, strain & failure
Rock failure
Unconfined compressive strength (UCS)
Rock mass strength
Guideline properties of rock mass clas…
Related to cohesion (due to interlocking of grains) and inter…
Strength under uniaxial load in unconfined state
- Mean or typical values ... - Ignore weathering effects or frac…
RMR (rock mass rating); based on strength of intact rock (UCS…
Rock failure
Related to cohesion (due to interlocking of grains) and inter…
Unconfined compressive strength (UCS)
Strength under uniaxial load in unconfined state
40 terms
Geoscience - Oceanography vocabulary
Oceanography
Sonar
Continental margin
Continental shelf
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
An electronic depth - sounding mechanism; sonar is an acronym…
That portion of the seafloor adjacent to the continents; it m…
The gently sloping submerged portion of the continental margi…
Oceanography
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
Sonar
An electronic depth - sounding mechanism; sonar is an acronym…
22 terms
Geoscience Processes Study Guide
Normal fault
Strike slip fault
Reverse fault
Transform boundary
Formed when forces pull rocks apart a longer divergent plate…
Two blocks of rock slide horizontally pasty each other in opp…
Force pushes two block of rock together with the rock above t…
Two plates moving past each other horizontally ... San Andreas f…
Normal fault
Formed when forces pull rocks apart a longer divergent plate…
Strike slip fault
Two blocks of rock slide horizontally pasty each other in opp…
237 terms
Geoscience 2nd Semester Final Exam
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Subduction Boundary
Collision Boundary
The type of plate boundary where the two plates are moving ap…
The type of plate boundary where two plates slide past each o…
The type of plate boundary where two plates are moving togeth…
The type of plate boundary where two plates are moving togeth…
Divergent Boundary
The type of plate boundary where the two plates are moving ap…
Transform Boundary
The type of plate boundary where two plates slide past each o…
18 terms
Garcia - Science - Unit 2 Geoscience
cycle
metamorphic
igneous
sedimentary
ciclo
to change... Ex: a sedimentary rock that changes under heat and…
Vino de un volcán ... ücame from a volcano
formed in layers... Formado en capas
cycle
ciclo
metamorphic
to change... Ex: a sedimentary rock that changes under heat and…
10 terms
Geoscience rock test
Three types of rocks
Igneous rocks are formed from
Phaneritic
aphanitic
igneous ... metamorphic ... sedimentary
lava and magma
coarse-grained texture
fine grained textures
Three types of rocks
igneous ... metamorphic ... sedimentary
Igneous rocks are formed from
lava and magma
23 terms
Rock Quiz Geoscience
What do Geologists use to identify roc…
Texture is...
Grains are...
Rocks
Color, Texture, Method of Formation
the size, shape, and pattern of the rocks grains
particles of minerals and other rocks
are mixtures of minerals bound together
What do Geologists use to identify roc…
Color, Texture, Method of Formation
Texture is...
the size, shape, and pattern of the rocks grains
7 terms
exam 1 geoscience 202
drumlins
kettle lake
eskers
ridge
small often elongated hills ... a long, canoe shaped hill made o…
a lake that forms when a block of ice falls off of the glacia…
sub-glacial rivers higher than surrounding landscape
A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains
drumlins
small often elongated hills ... a long, canoe shaped hill made o…
kettle lake
a lake that forms when a block of ice falls off of the glacia…
51 terms
Unit One Environmental Geoscience
What does Spaceship Earth mean?
Percent of saltwater oceans
Our Environment:
what are we studying?
The Earth is always moving and houses plants, animals, and hu…
75%
in space, Earth looks like a small blue marble. Earth seems v…
How the natural world works and how humans and the environmen…
What does Spaceship Earth mean?
The Earth is always moving and houses plants, animals, and hu…
Percent of saltwater oceans
75%
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