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Study sets matching "geoscience"

15 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Geoscience Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Rock
Rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of such minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, o…
a model to show how rocks slowly change through time
rock formed when hot magma cools and hardens
when magma reaches Earth's surface and flows from volcanoes
Rock
a mixture of such minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, o…
Rock cycle
a model to show how rocks slowly change through time
8 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Sun, Planets, Nebular Theory, Gravity, Kepler's Laws, Geologic Processes, and more!
core
radiative zone
convective zone
photosphere
15,000,000C: hottest part of solar system, 1/4 of the sun, ve…
2,500,000-5,000,000C: highly compressed and dense gases - ato…
1,000,000-2,000,000C: zone in region of sun's interior, rolli…
6,000-10,000C: not a solid, bubbly surface (granules, "surfac…
core
15,000,000C: hottest part of solar system, 1/4 of the sun, ve…
radiative zone
2,500,000-5,000,000C: highly compressed and dense gases - ato…
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
archaeology quiz 3
Pleistocene Epoch
Holocene Epoch
Flotation
Minimum Number of Individuals
An epoch of the Quaternary period beginning about 1.8 million…
The current interglacial period, extending from 10,000 years…
involves using water to process soil or feature fill to recov…
Smallest # of individuals necessary to account for all identi…
Pleistocene Epoch
An epoch of the Quaternary period beginning about 1.8 million…
Holocene Epoch
The current interglacial period, extending from 10,000 years…
58 terms
created on December 4, 2016
Chapter 7 test prep geoscience
What are two types of weathering?
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
What factors are involved in mechanica…
Mechanical and chemical
The process in which materials are near the earths surface br…
A type of weathering in which rocks and minerals break down i…
Temperature and pressure
What are two types of weathering?
Mechanical and chemical
Weathering
The process in which materials are near the earths surface br…
46 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Geos 170 Exam 3 Quizzes 17-25
The sun radiates mostly _____________…
Overall, the amount of energy absorbed…
Which of the following is NOT a greenh…
What are green house gases?
visible; infrared
equal to
Oxygen
water vapor (H20)... Carbon Dioxide (CO2)... Methane (CH4)
The sun radiates mostly _____________…
visible; infrared
Overall, the amount of energy absorbed…
equal to
94 termscreated on December 4, 2016
geoscience exam 3 packets
***Which 2 forms of light account for…
Which of the following statement is tr…
***Comparing Visible and Infared light…
Which type of light experiences more a…
visible and infrared, 48% and 44%
Even though UV is more energetic than visible, the output of…
Visible
Infared
***Which 2 forms of light account for…
visible and infrared, 48% and 44%
Which of the following statement is tr…
Even though UV is more energetic than visible, the output of…
11 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Arch Rec Quiz 3
Pleistocene Epoch
Which of these is not a method used by…
Coprolites can be used to reconstruct…
Geoarchaeology
the first epoch of the Quaternary period
Deep sea cores
Yes
field of study that applies the concepts and methods of the g…
Pleistocene Epoch
the first epoch of the Quaternary period
Which of these is not a method used by…
Deep sea cores
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Electromagnetic Spectrum
radio wave
infrared radiation
visible light
ultraviolet
the lowest frequency waves used to measure speed, make cell p…
can be sensed by humans as heat, used in night vision cameras
allows us to see objects, can be refracted into the colors of…
helps the body produce vitamin D but too much damages skin an…
radio wave
the lowest frequency waves used to measure speed, make cell p…
infrared radiation
can be sensed by humans as heat, used in night vision cameras
50 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Sun and Stars (geoscience)
Core
Radioactive Zone
Convective Zone
Photosphere
- 15,000,000 c (Hottest part of sun)... -Due to hot temp, high p…
-Energy is moving directly outward... -2,000,000-8,000,000 c... -en…
-1,000,000 c ... -gases move up and down... -hot gases at bottom... -c…
-6,000 c ... -visible "surface"... -displays features such as: gran…
Core
- 15,000,000 c (Hottest part of sun)... -Due to hot temp, high p…
Radioactive Zone
-Energy is moving directly outward... -2,000,000-8,000,000 c... -en…
15 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Geoscience Vocab
Basaltic
Cementation
compaction
extrusive
a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of…
the binding together of particles or other things by cement.
The process by which the porosity of a given form of sediment…
relating to or denoting rock that has been extruded at the ea…
Basaltic
a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of…
Cementation
the binding together of particles or other things by cement.
9 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Archaeology quiz 3
Pleistocene Epoch
Holocene Epoch
Geoarchaeology
Coprolite
An epoch of the Quaternary Period characterized by several gl…
the current epoch of geologic time which began 10,000 years ago
field of study that applies the concepts and methods of the g…
fossilized dung or waste
Pleistocene Epoch
An epoch of the Quaternary Period characterized by several gl…
Holocene Epoch
the current epoch of geologic time which began 10,000 years ago
10 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Earth in Space: Geoscience chapter 2
gravity
law of gravitation
revolution
rotation
the force of attraction that exists between all matter in the…
the force of attraction between any two objects depends upon…
the movement of earth around the sun
spinning of a planet on its axis
gravity
the force of attraction that exists between all matter in the…
law of gravitation
the force of attraction between any two objects depends upon…
12 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Geoscience Processes
tension
compression
shearing
tectonic plates
stress caused by plates pulling apart
stress caused by plates pushing together
stress caused by plates sliding by each other
huge pieces of the lithosphere (Earth's crust) that are const…
tension
stress caused by plates pulling apart
compression
stress caused by plates pushing together
23 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Rock Quiz Geoscience
What do Geologists use to identify roc…
Texture is...
Grains are...
Rocks
Color, Texture, Method of Formation
the size, shape, and pattern of the rocks grains
particles of minerals and other rocks
are mixtures of minerals bound together
What do Geologists use to identify roc…
Color, Texture, Method of Formation
Texture is...
the size, shape, and pattern of the rocks grains
16 termscreated on December 1, 2016
GEOSCIENCE 3.2 TEST
Paleozoic
Nucleotides
Mesozoic
Fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals
The largest mass extinction event in earth'a history marks th…
the chains of units that make up both DNA and RNA. In the art…
Dinosaurs were dominant during this era
Vertebrates evolved in this order
Paleozoic
The largest mass extinction event in earth'a history marks th…
Nucleotides
the chains of units that make up both DNA and RNA. In the art…
31 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Koch Geoscience Ch 5: Fuvial Geology/Running Water and Groundwater, Koch Geoscience Hydrology Part 2: Groundwater
drainage basin
gradient
alluvium
capacity
the geographical area draining into a river or reservoir
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
the sorted material deposited by a stream
the total amount of sediment a stream is able to transport
drainage basin
the geographical area draining into a river or reservoir
gradient
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
20 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Koch Geoscience Ch 5: Fuvial Geology/Running Water and Groundwater
drainage basin
gradient
alluvium
capacity
the geographical area draining into a river or reservoir
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
the sorted material deposited by a stream
the total amount of sediment a stream is able to transport
drainage basin
the geographical area draining into a river or reservoir
gradient
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
11 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Koch Geoscience Hydrology Part 2: Groundwater
infiltration
zone of saturation
porosity
groundwater
water that is absorbed by the soil and funneled down to groun…
lower region of groundwater where all the pore spaces in a ro…
the percentage of the total volume that consists of pore spac…
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
infiltration
water that is absorbed by the soil and funneled down to groun…
zone of saturation
lower region of groundwater where all the pore spaces in a ro…
38 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Chpt 15 Environmental Economics, Equity, and Policy
Sustainable
Sustainability
Market
Well-Being
when something meets the needs of the present generation with…
weighs present resources and needs in terms of long-term and…
when people engage in trade
the status of being healthy, happy, and prosperous
Sustainable
when something meets the needs of the present generation with…
Sustainability
weighs present resources and needs in terms of long-term and…
13 termscreated on November 30, 2016
GeoScience Chapter 26
Astronomy
Galaxy
Astronomical Unit
Electromagnetic Spectrum
The scientific study of the universe
A collection of stars, dust, and gas, bound together by gravity
The average distance between the earth and the sun approximat…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
Astronomy
The scientific study of the universe
Galaxy
A collection of stars, dust, and gas, bound together by gravity
18 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Garcia - Science - Unit 2 Geoscience
cycle
metamorphic
igneous
sedimentary
ciclo
to change... Ex: a sedimentary rock that changes under heat and…
Vino de un volcán ... ücame from a volcano
formed in layers... Formado en capas
cycle
ciclo
metamorphic
to change... Ex: a sedimentary rock that changes under heat and…
6 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Geoscience vocab words
Boundary
Continent
Crust
Continental drift
The point or line where one region ends another begins
A large landmass
Outer layer of earth
The idea that the continents slowly moved over earth surface
Boundary
The point or line where one region ends another begins
Continent
A large landmass
10 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Geoscience rock types
How does a sedementary rock form
How does a metamorphic rock form
How dows an igneous rock form
Clastic
Accumulation of sediments
Heat, pressure, chemical processes
Cooling and solidification of lava
Sedimentary, mechanical weathering debris
How does a sedementary rock form
Accumulation of sediments
How does a metamorphic rock form
Heat, pressure, chemical processes
22 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Geoscience test 3
The most obvious difference between te…
what are the five differences between…
which planet is not considered to be a…
planets originally formed when bits of…
size
size, chemical composition, density, rate of rotation
pluto
planetismals
The most obvious difference between te…
size
what are the five differences between…
size, chemical composition, density, rate of rotation
14 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Vocab 1 geoscience
Quote
Fact 1
Fact 2
Isotopes
80% of success is just showing up woody Allen
The earth is 8000 miles in diameter
Earth is 4.6 billion years old
Atoms of the same element ( same number of protons) that have…
Quote
80% of success is just showing up woody Allen
Fact 1
The earth is 8000 miles in diameter
14 termscreated on November 29, 2016
GEOSCIENCE VOCAB #1 Basic Geology
Quote
Fact #1
Fact #2
Isotopes
"80% of the success is just showing up."
The Earth is 8000 miles in diameter.
The Earth is 4.6 billion years old.
Atoms of the same element (same number of protons) that have…
Quote
"80% of the success is just showing up."
Fact #1
The Earth is 8000 miles in diameter.
89 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Geosciences #6
Pollution is considered as...
what is waste management?
What four areas does waste management…
what is the big problem with pollution…
'stuff' somewhere where we don't want it ... 'stuff' we don't wa…
dealing with waste or pollution ... pollution is MISmanagement
-air and water pollution ... -solid and liquid waste ... -hazardous…
-everything we do causes pollution of some sort, and always h…
Pollution is considered as...
'stuff' somewhere where we don't want it ... 'stuff' we don't wa…
what is waste management?
dealing with waste or pollution ... pollution is MISmanagement
9 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Oceanography and Meteorology Review
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
Salinity
Process that ADDS water to the ATMOSPHERE
Process where water vapor condenses to FORM CLOUDS
Process that RETURNS water to the EARTH'S SURFACE
TOTAL amount of SOLID material dissolved in water
Evaporation
Process that ADDS water to the ATMOSPHERE
Condensation
Process where water vapor condenses to FORM CLOUDS
81 termscreated on November 27, 2016
Geoscience Final
What is the correct order of geologica…
Which one compound is necessary for th…
At what date did life begin?
Evidence for Water on Ancient Earth
Mississipian-Triassic-Quaternary ... (Know the thing, write it d…
Water-H2O
Precambrian Eon
1. Pillow Lava... 2. Ripple Marks... 3. Glacial Grooves
What is the correct order of geologica…
Mississipian-Triassic-Quaternary ... (Know the thing, write it d…
Which one compound is necessary for th…
Water-H2O
49 termscreated on November 26, 2016
Geography Final Exam
Percentage of usable water compared to…
Three continental glacial masses
Calving
Types of moraines
•2.78% of all water... •1.725% glaciers, snow... •0.075% groundwate…
•ice sheet... •ice caps... •ice fields
breaking off chunks of ice at the edge of a glacier
•lateral moraine... •medial moraine... •terminal moraine... •end moraine
Percentage of usable water compared to…
•2.78% of all water... •1.725% glaciers, snow... •0.075% groundwate…
Three continental glacial masses
•ice sheet... •ice caps... •ice fields
43 termscreated on November 25, 2016
12 Human Health Risk
Physical Risks
Biological Risks
Chemical Risks
Infectious Diseases
natural disasters, accidents, excessive radiation exposure fr…
associated with disease; any impairment of body functions wit…
associated with excessive exposure to: naturally occurring ch…
Those caused by infectious agents, known as pathogens
Physical Risks
natural disasters, accidents, excessive radiation exposure fr…
Biological Risks
associated with disease; any impairment of body functions wit…
20 termscreated on November 25, 2016
Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics
mid ocean ridge
rift valley
ring of fire
lithospheric
underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics.
linear-shaped lowland between several highlands or mountain r…
The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific…
solid outer section of Earth, which includes Earth's crust (t…
mid ocean ridge
underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics.
rift valley
linear-shaped lowland between several highlands or mountain r…
35 termscreated on November 23, 2016
Geoscience revision
How does an earthquake occur?
Where do earthquakes occur?
Where are earthquakes more prevalent?
Describe an earthquake as the release…
It can occur from either the movement of tectonic plates or f…
Along fault lines, in the sea, on the land
Along fault lines, where tectonic plates push against one ano…
Rock pushes against other rock and immense pressure builds up…
How does an earthquake occur?
It can occur from either the movement of tectonic plates or f…
Where do earthquakes occur?
Along fault lines, in the sea, on the land
28 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Geoscience #3
Compressional Waves
Primary waves
S Wave
Direction of S Waves
Also known as p-waves
first to get to the seismic graph
-shear wave... -secondary wave
perpendicular to direction of wave front propagation
Compressional Waves
Also known as p-waves
Primary waves
first to get to the seismic graph
8 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Resources Set
natural resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
sustainability
...
...
...
...
natural resource
...
renewable resource
...
34 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Geoscience 6
Mixing Ratio
Saturation Mixing Ratio
Relative Humidity
MALR
Actual amount of water in the air
The amount of water vapor the air could hold when saturated
MR/SMR
cools at an average rate of 6 degrees per 1,000 meters
Mixing Ratio
Actual amount of water in the air
Saturation Mixing Ratio
The amount of water vapor the air could hold when saturated
88 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Geoscience prequizzes
14 Climate models are mainly used for..
14 For the Shuttle Meadow slab, I did…
14 New England climate. Which has the…
14 A major change in this assessment i…
simulating scenarios
fossils
max temp of coldest month
Downstream effects
14 Climate models are mainly used for..
simulating scenarios
14 For the Shuttle Meadow slab, I did…
fossils
30 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Geoscience-Rafferty-Flatter Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics
What layers of the earth are liquid?
What is the inner core composed mostly…
What is the outer core made out of?
What are the two types of crusts?
Outer Core
Iron
Iron and Nickel
Continental Crust... Oceanic Crust
What layers of the earth are liquid?
Outer Core
What is the inner core composed mostly…
Iron
29 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Mining Minerals Test Geoscience 10
shaft mining
strip mining
dredging
open pit mining
uses tunnels deep underground
removes a top layer, then deposit
drags lines underwater
digs holes in stair-step fashion
shaft mining
uses tunnels deep underground
strip mining
removes a top layer, then deposit
29 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Chapter 11 Waste Generation and Disposal
Waste
Municipal Solid Waste
Waste Stream
Electronic Waste (E-Waste)
Anything that is produced but is not useful or is not consumed
Refuse collected from households, small businesses, and insti…
The flow of solid waste that is recycled, incinerated, placed…
TV's computers, and cell phones that contain toxic metals
Waste
Anything that is produced but is not useful or is not consumed
Municipal Solid Waste
Refuse collected from households, small businesses, and insti…
32 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Geoscience Mining Minerals
Shaft Mining
Strip Mining
Dredging
Open Pit Mining
Uses tunnels deep underground
Removes a top layer, then deposit
Drags lines underwater
Digs holes in stair-step fashion
Shaft Mining
Uses tunnels deep underground
Strip Mining
Removes a top layer, then deposit
244 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Learning Objectives Geoscience Final
paleontology
ways to become a fossil
index fossil
background fossil
study of fossils
Body fossil - body, bone, dried, tar and amber, hard parts, m…
key recognizable fossils for certain environments
fossil record
paleontology
study of fossils
ways to become a fossil
Body fossil - body, bone, dried, tar and amber, hard parts, m…
40 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Geoscience Minerals Test SG
Minerals that are made up of only one…
True or False a fingernail is harder t…
True or False a mineral with a metalli…
Type of mining that involves digging i…
Native Minerals
False
False
Open Pit Mining
Minerals that are made up of only one…
Native Minerals
True or False a fingernail is harder t…
False
199 termscreated on November 21, 2016
UW-Madison: Geoscience 110: Evolution & Extinction: Final Exam
evolution
Renaissance & Scientific Revolution
humanism
skepticism
one of the most powerful scientific theories; fundamentally a…
marks shift from myth based observation to new flow of facts…
man is measure of all things; observation was important
man has power and right to question truth
evolution
one of the most powerful scientific theories; fundamentally a…
Renaissance & Scientific Revolution
marks shift from myth based observation to new flow of facts…
97 termscreated on November 20, 2016
Quizzes Final Geoscience
trackmaker is an
study of fossils is called
footprint is an example of
Eubrontes Slab shows
unknown theropod, 200 Ma
paleontology
trace fossil
casts of footprints
trackmaker is an
unknown theropod, 200 Ma
study of fossils is called
paleontology
28 termscreated on November 20, 2016
Geoscience minerals test
Shaft mining
Strip mining
Dredging
Open pit mining
Uses tunnels deep underground
Digs holes in stair-step fashion
Drags lines underwater
Removes a top layer, then deposits
Shaft mining
Uses tunnels deep underground
Strip mining
Digs holes in stair-step fashion
16 termscreated on November 17, 2016
Chapter 23 Space Review
planetesimal
protoplanet
asteroid
meteoroid
A small body from which a planet STARTED in the early stages…
large spherical bodies that formed in the early solar system.
A small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most a are located…
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space
planetesimal
A small body from which a planet STARTED in the early stages…
protoplanet
large spherical bodies that formed in the early solar system.
32 termscreated on November 17, 2016
Chapter 19
Groundwater
Sinkhole
Aquifiers
Aquitards
the liquid water that resides in sediment or rock under the s…
Circular depression
sediment or rocks that hold a lot of groundwater and transmit…
sediment or rocks that have low permeability and do not trans…
Groundwater
the liquid water that resides in sediment or rock under the s…
Sinkhole
Circular depression
9 termscreated on November 17, 2016
Chapter 20
Isotherms
Monsoon
El Niño
Global climate change
lines along which the temperature is exactly the same at a po…
a major reversal in the wind direction that causes a shift fr…
Warm water currents flow eastward from the central Pacific, a…
A new set of conditions becomes the new norm for a region, an…
Isotherms
lines along which the temperature is exactly the same at a po…
Monsoon
a major reversal in the wind direction that causes a shift fr…
46 termscreated on November 17, 2016
Chapter 14
Energy
Fuel
Fossil fuels
Energy density
the capacity to do work, to cause a change in a physical or b…
an energy resource in a usable and transportable form; materi…
oil, natural gas, and coal coming from organisms that lived o…
large amount of energy per unit of weight
Energy
the capacity to do work, to cause a change in a physical or b…
Fuel
an energy resource in a usable and transportable form; materi…
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