Study sets matching "gi"

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Study sets matching "gi"

80 terms
GI
Biliary Colic
Stool Caliber
Dyspepsia
Heartburn
Gallbladder spasm... Happens after eating
How big around it is
Indigestion... Over eating can cause... Epigastric pain or burnin…
Retrosternal Burning... GERD is almost always present
Biliary Colic
Gallbladder spasm... Happens after eating
Stool Caliber
How big around it is
135 terms
GI
Failure of fusion of maxillary and med…
Failure of fusion of the two lateral p…
Fail of fusion of lateral palatine pro…
Causes of glossitis
Cleft lip
Cleft palate
Cleft palate
Vit B def or iron def
Failure of fusion of maxillary and med…
Cleft lip
Failure of fusion of the two lateral p…
Cleft palate
79 terms
GI
Diverticulosis seen as
Complication Diverticulosis
Complications of Pseudomembranous Coli…
Name Disease: ... Pain after eating d/t d…
Flask like structure in Sigmoid colon
Ischemic Bowel Disease
Diverticulosis seen as
Flask like structure in Sigmoid colon
Complication Diverticulosis
GI
Specialized columnar epithelium seen i…
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
An esophageal biopsy reveals, a lack o…
- Barret's esophagus
- HSV
- CMV
- Achalasia
Specialized columnar epithelium seen i…
- Barret's esophagus
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
- HSV
52 terms
GI
mucosa
submucosa
submucosal nerve plexus
muscularis externa
Outermost layer.... Contains epithelial tissue- simple columnar
blood and lymph vessels... submucosal nerve plexus
regulates secretions of digestive system
circular smooth muscle- narrowing.... Longitiudinal smooth muscl…
mucosa
Outermost layer.... Contains epithelial tissue- simple columnar
submucosa
blood and lymph vessels... submucosal nerve plexus
142 terms
GI
hirschprung disease in a baby is cause…
Zenker diverticulum occurs where
where is the meyenteric nerve plexus (…
where is the meissners plexus
lack of ganglion cells/ enteric nervous plexus (both aureback…
Killians triangle between thyropharyngeal and cricopharyngeal…
in the muscularis externa
submucosa
hirschprung disease in a baby is cause…
lack of ganglion cells/ enteric nervous plexus (both aureback…
Zenker diverticulum occurs where
Killians triangle between thyropharyngeal and cricopharyngeal…
124 terms
GI
Medication induced injury... Esophagus
Ischemic enteritis/radiation enteritis…
Medication induced injury ... Small bowel
Graft vs Host Disease
Iron... Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) - ischemic inj…
Targeted radiation therapy can induce this effect... Purple sphe…
Yttrium... Olmesartan (Benicar; angio II blocker)- enteropathy…
Secretory diarrhea, abdominal pain, hemorrhage... Upper GI GVHD…
Medication induced injury... Esophagus
Iron... Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) - ischemic inj…
Ischemic enteritis/radiation enteritis…
Targeted radiation therapy can induce this effect... Purple sphe…
GI
What is another name for an Upper Endo…
What is another name for an Upper GI s…
What is the most common causes of esop…
Symptoms of esophagitis?
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
Barium swallow... Esophagram
GERD (MC)... Infections in immunocompromised patients ... Radiation…
Retrosternal chest pain... Odynophagia... Dysphagia
What is another name for an Upper Endo…
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
What is another name for an Upper GI s…
Barium swallow... Esophagram
46 terms
GI
layers of GI tract
peritoneum
parietal layer
visceral layer
mucosa... submucosa... muscle... serosa
covers organs... two layers - parietal and visceral
lines abdominal cavity wall
covers the abdominal organs
layers of GI tract
mucosa... submucosa... muscle... serosa
peritoneum
covers organs... two layers - parietal and visceral
93 terms
GI
LLQ Quadrant Pain... Colicky
Diverticulosis: Diagnostic Test... Fever…
Side Effect TCA
Type of Necrosis in Caustic Ingestion
Diverticulosis... Dx: Colonoscopy... Tx: Increase Fiber
Dx: CT Scan... Tx: Ciprofloxacin + Metronidazole... Mild Case: Ora…
Constipation... Tx: Stop the effecting medications... Enema... Lactul…
Liquefactive most common
LLQ Quadrant Pain... Colicky
Diverticulosis... Dx: Colonoscopy... Tx: Increase Fiber
Diverticulosis: Diagnostic Test... Fever…
Dx: CT Scan... Tx: Ciprofloxacin + Metronidazole... Mild Case: Ora…
210 terms
GI
What is the predominant location of di…
What is the predominant location of di…
Is chronic infection seen in hepatitis…
What are the two key histologic findin…
Central
Portal/periportal
No
Fat and lymphoid aggregates
What is the predominant location of di…
Central
What is the predominant location of di…
Portal/periportal
1a. Chyme
1b. Pyloris
1c. Liver
1d. & 1e. Bile
Bolus turned to fluid in stomach
Muscular outlet of the stomach
Metabolic Homeostasis... Process Nutrients & Vitamins... Detoxifies…
Made in Liver... Stored in GB... Enter duodenum through hepatopancr…
1a. Chyme
Bolus turned to fluid in stomach
1b. Pyloris
Muscular outlet of the stomach
150 terms
GI
REVIEW: What are the functions of IL 1…
REVIEW: After taking a course of amoxi…
REVIEW: Which Rickettsial species has…
What is the most common location of sa…
Hot T-bone stEAK... IL-1 = fever (hot)... IL-2 = stimulates T cells…
Amoxicillin is inducing a C diff pseudomembranous colitis
Coxiella burnetii... Negative Weil-Felix test... No vector... Transmit…
Parotid Gland
REVIEW: What are the functions of IL 1…
Hot T-bone stEAK... IL-1 = fever (hot)... IL-2 = stimulates T cells…
REVIEW: After taking a course of amoxi…
Amoxicillin is inducing a C diff pseudomembranous colitis
GI
1) Inflammatory GI dz?... 2) Metabolic?... 3…
Types of abdominal pain:... 1) Visceral... 2…
Constipation: types:... 1) Simple... 2) Dis…
GERD:... 1) What age/demographics?... 2) Cau…
1) PID, IBS, Pancreatitis... 2) Addisons, DKA,... 3) Visceral organ…
1) poorly localized and dull... 2) sharp and well-localized... 3) i…
1) dec. fiber (no veggies or fruits and lots of carbs), or de…
1) Any age, gender, ethnicity... 2) transient relaxation of LES…
1) Inflammatory GI dz?... 2) Metabolic?... 3…
1) PID, IBS, Pancreatitis... 2) Addisons, DKA,... 3) Visceral organ…
Types of abdominal pain:... 1) Visceral... 2…
1) poorly localized and dull... 2) sharp and well-localized... 3) i…
40 terms
GI
Chief complaint abd pain
Physical Exam GI
what would you think about with sudden…
Burning pain- thoughts on what it woul…
Careful history... HPI (especially)... Pain assessment... Onset, timi…
Heart and Lungs... Abdominal exam—inspection, auscultation, perc…
Appendicitis ... Intestinal perforation... Mesenteric infarction... Di…
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)... Gastritis... Diverticulitis
Chief complaint abd pain
Careful history... HPI (especially)... Pain assessment... Onset, timi…
Physical Exam GI
Heart and Lungs... Abdominal exam—inspection, auscultation, perc…
13 terms
GI
GI -PEPTO BISMUL
GI -COLACE
GI -NEXIUM
GI -PEPCID AC
bismuth subsalicylate
docusate sodium
esomeprazole
famotidine
GI -PEPTO BISMUL
bismuth subsalicylate
GI -COLACE
docusate sodium
47 terms
GI
Cholecystitis
Cholecystitis Diagnostics
Appendicitis
Pancreatitis
More in adult female, colicky pain in RUQ and radiates to the…
CBC with diff, Ultrasound, Xray, Amylase and lipase
Age 10-20 years Onset of colicky pain that progress to chroni…
Common in those that have cholelithatsis and drink alcohol. U…
Cholecystitis
More in adult female, colicky pain in RUQ and radiates to the…
Cholecystitis Diagnostics
CBC with diff, Ultrasound, Xray, Amylase and lipase
17 terms
GI
Scratch Test
CVA
Sig CVA test
Murphy's sign
auscl. Over xyphoid, fingertip up MCL from RLQ will here incr…
Fist percussion of the costovertebral angle for kidney tender…
pylenephritis
deep palpitation in deep coastal area when deep breath
Scratch Test
auscl. Over xyphoid, fingertip up MCL from RLQ will here incr…
CVA
Fist percussion of the costovertebral angle for kidney tender…
58 terms
GI
What is GERD?
Risk factors GERD
S/S GERD
Diagnostic tests GERD
Most common Upper GI problem found in adults... Predisposing fac…
Obesity... Pregnancy... Smoking... Hiatal Hernia
Heartburn... Burning tight sensation felt beneath lower sternum…
Barium Swallow ... Upper endoscopy- GOLD STANDARD- don't give th…
What is GERD?
Most common Upper GI problem found in adults... Predisposing fac…
Risk factors GERD
Obesity... Pregnancy... Smoking... Hiatal Hernia
GI
Cells of Gastric Secretions
Cholecystokinin
Gastrin
Secretin
Parietal cells (oxyntic), peptic, G cells.
Stimulates contraction of gallbladder, secretion of pancreati…
Secreted by G cells. Stimulates gastric acid, pepsinogen secr…
Stimulates secretion of bicarb solution from pancreas and liver
Cells of Gastric Secretions
Parietal cells (oxyntic), peptic, G cells.
Cholecystokinin
Stimulates contraction of gallbladder, secretion of pancreati…
60 terms
GI
Dense Liver
Nodular liver contour
Esophageal diverticulum
Solitary hypovasc hypodense liver "mass"
Iron deposition- hemosiderosis, hemochromatosis.... Amiodarone.…
Cirrhosis. ... Treated Mets. ... Budd-Chiari. ... Schistosoma japonicu…
Prox pulsion- Zenker, KJ. ... Mid traction. ... Distal pulsion. ... In…
Cyst. ... Met. ... Abscess. ... Periph cholangiocarcinoma. ... Biliary cy…
Dense Liver
Iron deposition- hemosiderosis, hemochromatosis.... Amiodarone.…
Nodular liver contour
Cirrhosis. ... Treated Mets. ... Budd-Chiari. ... Schistosoma japonicu…
Irritable bowel syndrome
Direct inguinal hernias
Umbilical hernias
Incisional Hernias
Abdominal pain and distention relieved with defecation. Onset…
Occurs when the peritoneal SAC containing intestines protrude…
_____ are common in newborns, pregnant women, and obese people.
Through inadequately healed surgical repair.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Abdominal pain and distention relieved with defecation. Onset…
Direct inguinal hernias
Occurs when the peritoneal SAC containing intestines protrude…
158 terms
GI
early indicator of HBV
HBV progression
Disinfectant for hep viruses
Bull's eye
anti HBcAg IgM
HBeAg
Na hypochlorite
appearance of nuclei within the plexi
early indicator of HBV
anti HBcAg IgM
HBV progression
HBeAg
130 terms
GI
Pyogenic granuloma
Peripheral giant cell granuloma
Aphthous Ulcers
Glossitis... Endocrine/Metabolic
-children, young adults, preg... -75% on gingiva (also tongue, l…
-reactive? exuberant tissue response to injury?... -blue-red mas…
"Canker sores"... -"idiopathic" "local T cell immune dysfunction…
-Vit B def, Pernicious anemia, Iron def anemia... -red smooth to…
Pyogenic granuloma
-children, young adults, preg... -75% on gingiva (also tongue, l…
Peripheral giant cell granuloma
-reactive? exuberant tissue response to injury?... -blue-red mas…
Upper Esophageal Sphincter
Lower Esophageal Sphincter
what dumps into the common bile duct?
what sphincter connects SI and LI?
connects mouth to esophagus
connects esophagus to stomac
secretions from liver, pancreas, and gallbladder
iliocecal sphincter
Upper Esophageal Sphincter
connects mouth to esophagus
Lower Esophageal Sphincter
connects esophagus to stomac
GI
weight loss, painless jaundice and pai…
CA 19-9
CEA +
pANCA +
pancreatic cancer. treatment is whipple procedure
best tumor marker- 80% sensitive, 90% specific. If >1000, met…
elevated in metastatic pancreatic cancer
primary sclerosing cholangitis
weight loss, painless jaundice and pai…
pancreatic cancer. treatment is whipple procedure
CA 19-9
best tumor marker- 80% sensitive, 90% specific. If >1000, met…
334 terms
GI
Surface mucous cells
Enterocytes
Enteroendocrine cells
Goblet cells
Secrete mucous and bicarbonate ion to protect stomach mucosa…
Absorptive cells in the epithelium of the small and large int…
Class of cells that secrete peptide hormones basally into the…
Secrete mucus into the lumen of the small and large intestine…
Surface mucous cells
Secrete mucous and bicarbonate ion to protect stomach mucosa…
Enterocytes
Absorptive cells in the epithelium of the small and large int…
316 terms
GI
From what does the tongue develop?
What is the most common salivary tumor?
Sensation for anterior 2/3 of tongue
Taste for anterior 2/3
1st and 2nd branchial arches form the anterior 2/3... 3 and 4th…
Pleomorphic adenoma. A benign mixed tumor
CN V3
VII
From what does the tongue develop?
1st and 2nd branchial arches form the anterior 2/3... 3 and 4th…
What is the most common salivary tumor?
Pleomorphic adenoma. A benign mixed tumor
GI
Histological difference between Acute…
Common causes of gastritis (list 4)
Pernicious Anemia
MC cause of stomach ulcers
Acute Gastritis is Neutrophil dominant whereas chronic is a m…
Helicobacter Pylori infection, alcohol, NSAIDs, and Autoimmun…
anti-intrinsic factor antibodies and anti parietal cell antib…
H Pylori infection of heave NSAID use
Histological difference between Acute…
Acute Gastritis is Neutrophil dominant whereas chronic is a m…
Common causes of gastritis (list 4)
Helicobacter Pylori infection, alcohol, NSAIDs, and Autoimmun…
487 terms
GI
What are the five overall functions of…
What are the digestive functions of th…
Are the salivary glands and exocrine p…
Rank the order of the sphincters going…
1) Digestion and absorption of dietary nutrients and calories…
1) Motility... 2) Secretion... 3) Digestion... 4) Absorption
Accessory
1) UES... 2) LES... 3) Pyloric sphincter... 4) Sphincter of Oddi... 5) Il…
What are the five overall functions of…
1) Digestion and absorption of dietary nutrients and calories…
What are the digestive functions of th…
1) Motility... 2) Secretion... 3) Digestion... 4) Absorption
38 terms
GI
filiform papillae
fungiform papillae
circumvallate papillae
foliate papillae
filiform papillae
fungiform papillae
157 terms
*GI
Infant... Painless hematochezia (maroon s…
ANorexia nervosa... Carbohydrate intake -…
2-8mo... Contraindications: History of in…
First born boy, erythromycin, formula…
Meckel's Diverticulum... Rule of 2s... 2% prealence... 2:1 m:F... 2% sym…
Refeedding Syndrome
Rotavirus vaccine
Pyloric Stenosis... Hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis
Infant... Painless hematochezia (maroon s…
Meckel's Diverticulum... Rule of 2s... 2% prealence... 2:1 m:F... 2% sym…
ANorexia nervosa... Carbohydrate intake -…
Refeedding Syndrome
18 terms
GI
GERD
GERD
Treatment of GERD
H2 blockers Histamine Receptor Antagon…
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Heartburn and Esophageal varices (swollen veins). Alcohol is…
Has two phases
Decrease Acids
GERD
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GERD
Heartburn and Esophageal varices (swollen veins). Alcohol is…
135 terms
GI
Nurse kows that parietal cells within…
A lack of intrinsic factor will cause?
Describe the shape, location, and func…
The largest organ in the body, second…
secrete Hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor
Deficient B12 absorption which causes pernicious anemia
fish shaped organ, behind the stomach, exocrine function=80%-…
liver
Nurse kows that parietal cells within…
secrete Hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor
A lack of intrinsic factor will cause?
Deficient B12 absorption which causes pernicious anemia
GI
Q: What is the gastrointestinal (GI) s…
Q: What is absorption
Q: What are the components of the uppe…
Q: What are the components of the lowe…
is the portal through which nutritive substances, vitamins, m…
when products of digestion cross mucosa and enter the lymph o…
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach and Duodenum
Small intestines, Large intestines (colon), Appendix and Rectum
Q: What is the gastrointestinal (GI) s…
is the portal through which nutritive substances, vitamins, m…
Q: What is absorption
when products of digestion cross mucosa and enter the lymph o…
H2 blockers... Cimetidine, ranitidine, fa…
Proton pump inhibitors... Omeprazole, lan…
Bismuth, sucralfate
Misoprostol
MECHANISM: Reversible block of histamine H2-receptors --> dec…
MECHANISM: Irreversibly inhibit H+/K+ ATPase in stomach parie…
MECHANISM Bind to ulcer base, providing physical protection a…
MECHANISM: A PGE1 analog. Increased production and secretion…
H2 blockers... Cimetidine, ranitidine, fa…
MECHANISM: Reversible block of histamine H2-receptors --> dec…
Proton pump inhibitors... Omeprazole, lan…
MECHANISM: Irreversibly inhibit H+/K+ ATPase in stomach parie…
160 terms
GI
Where does the EO become aponeurosis?
Where does the EOA insert?
What nerve supplies the EO?
Where does the IO insert?
at the MCL
linea alba, pubic tubercle and iliac crest
T7-T11 and the subcostal n.
ribs 10-12, linea alba, conjoint tendon
Where does the EO become aponeurosis?
at the MCL
Where does the EOA insert?
linea alba, pubic tubercle and iliac crest
GI tract
GI tract nerve supply
GI blood supply
GI function
salivary glads, Gastric/ intestinal glads, liver, pancreas,
2 internal nerve plexus, PNS (vagus), sympathetic (thoracic/l…
fed by aorta and branches of aorta, return flow from primaril…
secretion, digestion( breaking down into smaller parts until…
GI tract
salivary glads, Gastric/ intestinal glads, liver, pancreas,
GI tract nerve supply
2 internal nerve plexus, PNS (vagus), sympathetic (thoracic/l…
GI
Charcot's Triad
Reynolds Pentad
Choledocholithiasis
____% of stones in the US are secondary.
Fever, RUQ pain, jaundice
Altered mental status, Hypertension, + Charcot's Triad
stones in the common bile duct
85
Charcot's Triad
Fever, RUQ pain, jaundice
Reynolds Pentad
Altered mental status, Hypertension, + Charcot's Triad
69 terms
GI
Peptic ulcer disease defensive factors
PUD defensive factors are enhanced by
Causes of peptic ulcers
Irritating factors in PUD
Mucus layers, bicarb, blood supply, prostaglandins, fast cell…
Antacids, Bismuth, prostaglandin analogs, sucralfate
Acid (HCl), pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, H. pylori
Smoking, H. pylori, radiation/chemo, NSAIDs, alcohol
Peptic ulcer disease defensive factors
Mucus layers, bicarb, blood supply, prostaglandins, fast cell…
PUD defensive factors are enhanced by
Antacids, Bismuth, prostaglandin analogs, sucralfate
15 terms
GI
Amylase
Cholecystitis
Cholecystokynin=pancreozymin
Cholecystectomy
Pancreatic enzyme; aids in the digestion of carbohydrates
Inflammation of gallbladder
hormone; major stimulus for digestive enzyme secretion; stimu…
Removal of gallbladder
Amylase
Pancreatic enzyme; aids in the digestion of carbohydrates
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of gallbladder
33 terms
GI
liver
A patient is undergoing diagnostic tes…
misoprostol (Cytotec)
kupffer's cells
destroys old rbc (bilirubin byproduct).... glycogen store in liv…
Intermittent pain and bloody stool... Explanation: ... When the pat…
protects the lining of stomach... Misoprostol is a synthetic pro…
...
liver
destroys old rbc (bilirubin byproduct).... glycogen store in liv…
A patient is undergoing diagnostic tes…
Intermittent pain and bloody stool... Explanation: ... When the pat…
47 terms
GIS
GIS
Layers
Feature
Surface
Geographic Information System
Spatial dataset represented by symbols on a GIS map
Each geographic object in a layer
not a feature. Ocean or landscape that is continuous and only…
GIS
Geographic Information System
Layers
Spatial dataset represented by symbols on a GIS map
GI
Dysphagia
Dyspepsia
Hematemsis
Melenemesis
Difficulty Swallowing
Indigestion
Vomiting Blood
Vomiting black-ish material, coffee grounds
Dysphagia
Difficulty Swallowing
Dyspepsia
Indigestion
GI
Treatment of for hepatitis
Medications for hepatitis
Hep A-oral fecal route transmission
Hep B-Mother to baby, parental, sexual…
bed rest... Small meals with high calories... Increase fluids... No…
Steroids... Immunosuppressant... Anti-inflammatory
incubation is 2-6 weeks... Symptoms- malaise, N/V, jaundice, tir…
Incubation 1-6 months... Symptoms- malaise, fever, ... Prevention…
Treatment of for hepatitis
bed rest... Small meals with high calories... Increase fluids... No…
Medications for hepatitis
Steroids... Immunosuppressant... Anti-inflammatory
114 terms
gi
Question (orange - needs confirmation,…
guy takes drug that makes him shaky (t…
dude works at the carousel 8 hours per…
guy was exposed to literally everythin…
Answer
metoclopamide (D2 antagonist)
Scopolamine (anticholinergic/antimuscarinic)
staph aureus from the chicken sandwhich
Question (orange - needs confirmation,…
Answer
guy takes drug that makes him shaky (t…
metoclopamide (D2 antagonist)
109 terms
GI
Adenocarcinoma risk factors
SCC risk factors
2 Gastroesophageal barriers to stomach…
Which type of hernia requires surgical…
Chronic acid reflux, Barrett's esophagus
Smoking, EtOH abuse, caustic exposure
Crural diaphragm, LES
A para-esophageal hiatal hernia will require gastropexy
Adenocarcinoma risk factors
Chronic acid reflux, Barrett's esophagus
SCC risk factors
Smoking, EtOH abuse, caustic exposure
69 terms
GI
PUD
PUD : most ulcers in the stomach resul…
Pain relief w eating
change in rhymicy
50% of UGI bleed
H pylori
PUD
PUD
PUD
50% of UGI bleed
PUD : most ulcers in the stomach resul…
H pylori
GI
What type of cells produce gastric HCl?
What type of cells produce intrinsic f…
What do parietal cells secrete, and wh…
Which cells in the stomach produce zym…
Parietal cells
Parietal cells
HCl and intrinsic factor in stomach
Chief cells
What type of cells produce gastric HCl?
Parietal cells
What type of cells produce intrinsic f…
Parietal cells
144 terms
GI
mallory-weiss tear sx
mallory-weiss tear dx
mallory-weiss tear tx
vomiting bright red blood and blood st…
cause= forceful or prolonged vomiting or coughing... sx= vomitin…
dx= egd (esophagogastroduodenscopy)- shows tear w/bleeding
usually heals on its own in 10 days... can kelp= cimetidine and…
mallory-weiss tear
mallory-weiss tear sx
cause= forceful or prolonged vomiting or coughing... sx= vomitin…
mallory-weiss tear dx
dx= egd (esophagogastroduodenscopy)- shows tear w/bleeding
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