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Study sets matching "gi"

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Study sets matching "gi"

93 terms
GI
LLQ Quadrant Pain... Colicky
Diverticulosis: Diagnostic Test... Fever…
Side Effect TCA
Type of Necrosis in Caustic Ingestion
Diverticulosis... Dx: Colonoscopy... Tx: Increase Fiber
Dx: CT Scan... Tx: Ciprofloxacin + Metronidazole... Mild Case: Ora…
Constipation... Tx: Stop the effecting medications... Enema... Lactul…
Liquefactive most common
LLQ Quadrant Pain... Colicky
Diverticulosis... Dx: Colonoscopy... Tx: Increase Fiber
Diverticulosis: Diagnostic Test... Fever…
Dx: CT Scan... Tx: Ciprofloxacin + Metronidazole... Mild Case: Ora…
27 terms
GI
Specialized columnar epithelium seen i…
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
An esophageal biopsy reveals, a lack o…
- Barret's esophagus
- HSV
- CMV
- Achalasia
Specialized columnar epithelium seen i…
- Barret's esophagus
Biopsy of a patient with esophagitis r…
- HSV
135 terms
GI
Failure of fusion of maxillary and med…
Failure of fusion of the two lateral p…
Fail of fusion of lateral palatine pro…
Causes of glossitis
Cleft lip
Cleft palate
Cleft palate
Vit B def or iron def
Failure of fusion of maxillary and med…
Cleft lip
Failure of fusion of the two lateral p…
Cleft palate
79 terms
GI
Diverticulosis seen as
Complication Diverticulosis
Complications of Pseudomembranous Coli…
Name Disease: ... Pain after eating d/t d…
Flask like structure in Sigmoid colon
Ischemic Bowel Disease
Diverticulosis seen as
Flask like structure in Sigmoid colon
Complication Diverticulosis
52 terms
GI
mucosa
submucosa
submucosal nerve plexus
muscularis externa
Outermost layer.... Contains epithelial tissue- simple columnar
blood and lymph vessels... submucosal nerve plexus
regulates secretions of digestive system
circular smooth muscle- narrowing.... Longitiudinal smooth muscl…
mucosa
Outermost layer.... Contains epithelial tissue- simple columnar
submucosa
blood and lymph vessels... submucosal nerve plexus
38 terms
GI
filiform papillae
fungiform papillae
circumvallate papillae
foliate papillae
filiform papillae
fungiform papillae
124 terms
GI
Medication induced injury... Esophagus
Ischemic enteritis/radiation enteritis…
Medication induced injury ... Small bowel
Graft vs Host Disease
Iron... Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) - ischemic inj…
Targeted radiation therapy can induce this effect... Purple sphe…
Yttrium... Olmesartan (Benicar; angio II blocker)- enteropathy…
Secretory diarrhea, abdominal pain, hemorrhage... Upper GI GVHD…
Medication induced injury... Esophagus
Iron... Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) - ischemic inj…
Ischemic enteritis/radiation enteritis…
Targeted radiation therapy can induce this effect... Purple sphe…
157 terms
*GI
Infant... Painless hematochezia (maroon s…
ANorexia nervosa... Carbohydrate intake -…
2-8mo... Contraindications: History of in…
First born boy, erythromycin, formula…
Meckel's Diverticulum... Rule of 2s... 2% prealence... 2:1 m:F... 2% sym…
Refeedding Syndrome
Rotavirus vaccine
Pyloric Stenosis... Hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis
Infant... Painless hematochezia (maroon s…
Meckel's Diverticulum... Rule of 2s... 2% prealence... 2:1 m:F... 2% sym…
ANorexia nervosa... Carbohydrate intake -…
Refeedding Syndrome
142 terms
GI
hirschprung disease in a baby is cause…
Zenker diverticulum occurs where
where is the meyenteric nerve plexus (…
where is the meissners plexus
lack of ganglion cells/ enteric nervous plexus (both aureback…
Killians triangle between thyropharyngeal and cricopharyngeal…
in the muscularis externa
submucosa
hirschprung disease in a baby is cause…
lack of ganglion cells/ enteric nervous plexus (both aureback…
Zenker diverticulum occurs where
Killians triangle between thyropharyngeal and cricopharyngeal…
14 terms
gi
gia đình
giả bộ
gió to
giò chả
gia đình
giả bộ
150 terms
GI
REVIEW: What are the functions of IL 1…
REVIEW: After taking a course of amoxi…
REVIEW: Which Rickettsial species has…
What is the most common location of sa…
Hot T-bone stEAK... IL-1 = fever (hot)... IL-2 = stimulates T cells…
Amoxicillin is inducing a C diff pseudomembranous colitis
Coxiella burnetii... Negative Weil-Felix test... No vector... Transmit…
Parotid Gland
REVIEW: What are the functions of IL 1…
Hot T-bone stEAK... IL-1 = fever (hot)... IL-2 = stimulates T cells…
REVIEW: After taking a course of amoxi…
Amoxicillin is inducing a C diff pseudomembranous colitis
487 terms
GI
What are the five overall functions of…
What are the digestive functions of th…
Are the salivary glands and exocrine p…
Rank the order of the sphincters going…
1) Digestion and absorption of dietary nutrients and calories…
1) Motility... 2) Secretion... 3) Digestion... 4) Absorption
Accessory
1) UES... 2) LES... 3) Pyloric sphincter... 4) Sphincter of Oddi... 5) Il…
What are the five overall functions of…
1) Digestion and absorption of dietary nutrients and calories…
What are the digestive functions of th…
1) Motility... 2) Secretion... 3) Digestion... 4) Absorption
46 terms
GI
layers of GI tract
peritoneum
parietal layer
visceral layer
mucosa... submucosa... muscle... serosa
covers organs... two layers - parietal and visceral
lines abdominal cavity wall
covers the abdominal organs
layers of GI tract
mucosa... submucosa... muscle... serosa
peritoneum
covers organs... two layers - parietal and visceral
258 terms
GI
What is dysphagia aortica?
What is achalasia and what are the sym…
What causes achalasia?
What do the barium swallow and manomet…
When an ectatic (dilated) aorta impinges on the esophagus, ma…
Aperistalsis and failure of the LES to relax... Symptoms... -Slowl…
Decreased VIP or NO, causing unopposed contraction (2.16)
Bird's beak deformity - Dilated esophagus with narrowing of t…
What is dysphagia aortica?
When an ectatic (dilated) aorta impinges on the esophagus, ma…
What is achalasia and what are the sym…
Aperistalsis and failure of the LES to relax... Symptoms... -Slowl…
187 terms
GI
可以刺激胃酸分泌??
Alcacian blue stain
Physiologic neonatal jaundice, mechani…
Prussian stain use in??
(e.g., acetylcholinec, gastrin, and histamine) have a synergi…
goblet cells staining blue ... Histology of Barrett's esophagus.…
immature UDP-glucuronosyltransferase-> unconjugated hyperbili…
hemochromotosis... asbestosis... sideroblastic anemia(只要有含铁的!!)
可以刺激胃酸分泌??
(e.g., acetylcholinec, gastrin, and histamine) have a synergi…
Alcacian blue stain
goblet cells staining blue ... Histology of Barrett's esophagus.…
213 terms
GI
What is another name for an Upper Endo…
What is another name for an Upper GI s…
What is the most common causes of esop…
Symptoms of esophagitis?
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
Barium swallow... Esophagram
GERD (MC)... Infections in immunocompromised patients ... Radiation…
Retrosternal chest pain... Odynophagia... Dysphagia
What is another name for an Upper Endo…
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
What is another name for an Upper GI s…
Barium swallow... Esophagram
47 terms
GI
Cholecystitis
Cholecystitis Diagnostics
Appendicitis
Pancreatitis
More in adult female, colicky pain in RUQ and radiates to the…
CBC with diff, Ultrasound, Xray, Amylase and lipase
Age 10-20 years Onset of colicky pain that progress to chroni…
Common in those that have cholelithatsis and drink alcohol. U…
Cholecystitis
More in adult female, colicky pain in RUQ and radiates to the…
Cholecystitis Diagnostics
CBC with diff, Ultrasound, Xray, Amylase and lipase
96 terms
GI
Name the muscles involved in swallowin…
What do the buccinator and suprahyoid…
What do the muscles of the palate (ten…
What do the muscles of the floor of th…
Buccinator... Suprahyoid... Tensor palatini... Levator palatini... Digast…
Manipulate the food, elevate hyoid bone, flatten floor of mouth
Tense and elevate the soft palate, close of nasopharynx
Depress the mandible (if hyoid bone fixed), elevate hyoid bon…
Name the muscles involved in swallowin…
Buccinator... Suprahyoid... Tensor palatini... Levator palatini... Digast…
What do the buccinator and suprahyoid…
Manipulate the food, elevate hyoid bone, flatten floor of mouth
29 terms
GI
1a. Chyme
1b. Pyloris
1c. Liver
1d. & 1e. Bile
Bolus turned to fluid in stomach
Muscular outlet of the stomach
Metabolic Homeostasis... Process Nutrients & Vitamins... Detoxifies…
Made in Liver... Stored in GB... Enter duodenum through hepatopancr…
1a. Chyme
Bolus turned to fluid in stomach
1b. Pyloris
Muscular outlet of the stomach
40 terms
GI
Chief complaint abd pain
Physical Exam GI
what would you think about with sudden…
Burning pain- thoughts on what it woul…
Careful history... HPI (especially)... Pain assessment... Onset, timi…
Heart and Lungs... Abdominal exam—inspection, auscultation, perc…
Appendicitis ... Intestinal perforation... Mesenteric infarction... Di…
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)... Gastritis... Diverticulitis
Chief complaint abd pain
Careful history... HPI (especially)... Pain assessment... Onset, timi…
Physical Exam GI
Heart and Lungs... Abdominal exam—inspection, auscultation, perc…
81 terms
GI
1) Inflammatory GI dz?... 2) Metabolic?... 3…
Types of abdominal pain:... 1) Visceral... 2…
Constipation: types:... 1) Simple... 2) Dis…
GERD:... 1) What age/demographics?... 2) Cau…
1) PID, IBS, Pancreatitis... 2) Addisons, DKA,... 3) Visceral organ…
1) poorly localized and dull... 2) sharp and well-localized... 3) i…
1) dec. fiber (no veggies or fruits and lots of carbs), or de…
1) Any age, gender, ethnicity... 2) transient relaxation of LES…
1) Inflammatory GI dz?... 2) Metabolic?... 3…
1) PID, IBS, Pancreatitis... 2) Addisons, DKA,... 3) Visceral organ…
Types of abdominal pain:... 1) Visceral... 2…
1) poorly localized and dull... 2) sharp and well-localized... 3) i…
89 terms
GI
Esophagitis... 1) what is it... 2) sx... 3) dx…
Pinworm... 1) what is it... 2) sx... 3) dx... 4) tx
Achalasia= Motor disorders... 1) what is…
Mallory-Weiss Tear... 1) what is it... 2) s…
1) Inflammation or irritation of the esophagus ... Causes:... -…
1) Intestinal infection with a pinworm... - Ingest eggs --> hatc…
1) Loss of peristalsis in the distal esophagus, with impaired…
1) Tear in the esophagus due to massive retching... (Ask about r…
Esophagitis... 1) what is it... 2) sx... 3) dx…
1) Inflammation or irritation of the esophagus ... Causes:... -…
Pinworm... 1) what is it... 2) sx... 3) dx... 4) tx
1) Intestinal infection with a pinworm... - Ingest eggs --> hatc…
47 terms
GIS
GIS
Layers
Feature
Surface
Geographic Information System
Spatial dataset represented by symbols on a GIS map
Each geographic object in a layer
not a feature. Ocean or landscape that is continuous and only…
GIS
Geographic Information System
Layers
Spatial dataset represented by symbols on a GIS map
140 terms
GI
Ingestion and Propulsion of Food
Digestion and Absorption
Promotion of normal elimination POOPER…
Gather Data
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus
Mouth, Stomach, Small intestine, Physiology of digestion
Position (upright), output, offer fluids, privacy, exercise,…
Health History: Indigestion, Nausea and Vomiting, Change in b…
Ingestion and Propulsion of Food
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus
Digestion and Absorption
Mouth, Stomach, Small intestine, Physiology of digestion
226 terms
GI
Disordered peristalsis which results i…
Barium esophagram
Both
Achalasia
What is achalasia?
First best step in diagnosis of achalasia with no alarm sympt…
Achalasia causes dysphasia of solids or liquids?
Bird's beak esophagus is associated with...
Disordered peristalsis which results i…
What is achalasia?
Barium esophagram
First best step in diagnosis of achalasia with no alarm sympt…
17 terms
GI
GI bleed 2/2 PUD
Porcelain Gallbladder
Management of DKA
Pill induced Esophagitis
BRBPR (hematochezia) due to brisk upper GI bleed... -dyspepsia…
-associated with chronic cholecystitis... -asymptomatic, RUQ pai…
1. restoration in intravascular volume... 2. correct hyperglycem…
(40 yo with acute onset MEG burning retristernal CP with odon…
GI bleed 2/2 PUD
BRBPR (hematochezia) due to brisk upper GI bleed... -dyspepsia…
Porcelain Gallbladder
-associated with chronic cholecystitis... -asymptomatic, RUQ pai…
45 terms
GI
What are the 6 functions of the GI sys…
The Stomachs' Roles
Order of Inspection
Barium Swallow
1.Ingestion of food... 2. Movement of food and wastes... 3. Secreti…
1. A storage reservoir for food... 2. Continues mechanical break…
Inspection, Auscultation, Percussion, Palpation
Purpose and Description: Tests conducted to diagnose esophage…
What are the 6 functions of the GI sys…
1.Ingestion of food... 2. Movement of food and wastes... 3. Secreti…
The Stomachs' Roles
1. A storage reservoir for food... 2. Continues mechanical break…
10 terms
GI
antiemetic
cathartic
sialagogic
BE
agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting
agent that produces bowel movement
agent that causes salivation
barium enema
antiemetic
agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting
cathartic
agent that produces bowel movement
39 terms
GI
Nausea and vomiting
CNS disorders
cv problems
Metabolic disorders
PregnAncy, infection, CNS disorders, CV problems, metabolic d…
Meningitis or tumor
MI, heart failure
DM, Addisons Disease, renal failure
Nausea and vomiting
PregnAncy, infection, CNS disorders, CV problems, metabolic d…
CNS disorders
Meningitis or tumor
GI
Small intestine
Large intestine
Liver
Additional GI parts
duodenum... jejunum... ileum
cecum (with appendix)... colon: ascending, transverse, descendin…
Gallbladder
Stomach... Pancreas... Spleen... Kidneys... Abdominal arteries
Small intestine
duodenum... jejunum... ileum
Large intestine
cecum (with appendix)... colon: ascending, transverse, descendin…
220 terms
GI
These can occur anywhere (3)
Connects mouth to stomach, prevents re…
Acid secretion, churning, releases foo…
function- digestion and absorption
1. Crohn's disease ... 2. Obstruction ... 3. Tumors
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
These can occur anywhere (3)
1. Crohn's disease ... 2. Obstruction ... 3. Tumors
Connects mouth to stomach, prevents re…
esophagus
GI
Esophageal varices
GERD
Esophagitis
Gastritis
Enlarged veins in the esophagus
Gastroesophageal reflux disease - return or backflow of the s…
Is an inflammation of the esophagus and can be a common compl…
Sudden inflammation or swelling in the lining of the stomach.…
Esophageal varices
Enlarged veins in the esophagus
GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease - return or backflow of the s…
15 terms
Gi
circulate
discomfort
meditation
undertake
to move in a continuous way
an uncomfortable feeling
very deep and quiet thought
to do or attempt
circulate
to move in a continuous way
discomfort
an uncomfortable feeling
10 terms
GI
Arsenic poisoning
Vit E deficiency
Connection btw Crohn's and easy bruising
Risk factors for pancreatic adenocarci…
Dimercaprol, DMSA
Cell membrane injuries - neuromuscular, hemolytic anemia
Crohn's -> inflammation/resection of terminal ileum -> bile a…
1. Age, 2. Smoking, 3. DM, 4. Chronic pancreatitis, 5. Geneti…
Arsenic poisoning
Dimercaprol, DMSA
Vit E deficiency
Cell membrane injuries - neuromuscular, hemolytic anemia
34 terms
GI
Ischemic colitis dx
Acute mesenteric ischemia dx
Mesenteric ischemia intervention
Chronic mesenteric ischemia dx
Colonoscopy- will segmental ischemic changes in areas of low…
Angiogram gold standard
Revascular (angioplasty w/ stent or bypass) respect bowel if…
Colonoscopy mucosal atropy with loss of villi normal PE
Ischemic colitis dx
Colonoscopy- will segmental ischemic changes in areas of low…
Acute mesenteric ischemia dx
Angiogram gold standard
13 terms
GI
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Cascara Sagrada
Dioctyl Calcium Sulfosuccinate
Esomeprazole
Pepto-bismol... Treatment of nonspecific diarrhea: 524 mg every…
Laxative effects... 1g of bark, 2-6 mL of fluid extract
Docusate (50, 100mg - Colace)... Stool softener: 50-500 mg/day i…
Nexium... Erosive esophagitis: 20-40 mg once daily... Heartburn (OT…
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Pepto-bismol... Treatment of nonspecific diarrhea: 524 mg every…
Cascara Sagrada
Laxative effects... 1g of bark, 2-6 mL of fluid extract
17 terms
GI
acetaminophen (Tylenol)
ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)
hydrocodone-acetaminophen (Lortab, Nor…
oxycodone (Roxicodone)
po 15 mg/kg every 4-6hrs as needed... max dose 650 mg; 90mg/kg/d…
po 10 mg/kg every 6 hrs as needed, ... (for infants/children > 6…
po < 50 kg 0.1-0.2 mg/kg every 4-6 hours as needed ... > 50 kg…
po 0.05-0.15 mg/kg every 4-6 hours as needed... Products: 5 mg t…
acetaminophen (Tylenol)
po 15 mg/kg every 4-6hrs as needed... max dose 650 mg; 90mg/kg/d…
ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)
po 10 mg/kg every 6 hrs as needed, ... (for infants/children > 6…
23 terms
GI
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Orangs
Abdomen
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small and large intestines... Re…
Teeth... Salivary glands... Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
Peritoneum... Abdominal wall muscles... Aorta... Kidneys... Ureters... Bladd…
Alimentary Canal
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small and large intestines... Re…
Accessory Orangs
Teeth... Salivary glands... Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
99 terms
GI
Esophageal Varices
Achalasia
Diffuse Esophageal Spasm
Infectious Esophagitis
• Develop secondary to portal hypertension... • Present in up t…
failure to relax... -absence of esophageal smooth muscle perist…
• Barium Esophagography:... -simultaneous cork screw contraction…
• Often immunosuppressed patients... • Signs and Symptoms: ... -Od…
Esophageal Varices
• Develop secondary to portal hypertension... • Present in up t…
Achalasia
failure to relax... -absence of esophageal smooth muscle perist…
65 terms
GI
duodenum
Liver
Stomach
Pancreas
duodenum
Liver
153 terms
GI
Detection of changes to ECF (plasma) v…
Production of volatile acids through m…
Normal homeostatic value for TBW
Normal homeostatic value for ICF
- high pressure baroreceptors - aorta, carotid... - Low pressure…
50-80 mmol/day
38.5L
25.8L
Detection of changes to ECF (plasma) v…
- high pressure baroreceptors - aorta, carotid... - Low pressure…
Production of volatile acids through m…
50-80 mmol/day
47 terms
GI
Mucus neck cells
Chief cells
Parietal cells
Intrinsic factor
Secrete mucus... Helps to form the gastric mucosal barrier along…
Secrete pepsinogen
Secrete HCl and intrinsic factor
Needed for Vitamin B12 absorption
Mucus neck cells
Secrete mucus... Helps to form the gastric mucosal barrier along…
Chief cells
Secrete pepsinogen
110 terms
GI
filiform papillae
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
esophagitis
heartburn
-most number type of papillae. throughout the anterior 2/3 of…
describes the full spectrum of esophageal diseases caused by…
endoscopically demonstrated damage to the esophageal mucosa
burning retrosternal pain radiating upward due to prolonged a…
filiform papillae
-most number type of papillae. throughout the anterior 2/3 of…
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
describes the full spectrum of esophageal diseases caused by…
57 terms
GI
Abdominal Exam
Pain 6/10
Abdominal pain cycle
Acute abdominal pain
Visual inspection (distention, discoloration, veins, jaundice…
Child will not be very functional
Abdominal pain --> anxiety --> abdominal pain --> anxiety -->…
Severe pain requiring ASAP evaluation... or gas bubbles... Deter…
Abdominal Exam
Visual inspection (distention, discoloration, veins, jaundice…
Pain 6/10
Child will not be very functional
151 terms
GI
ingestion, digestion, absorption, comp…
alimentary canal
alimentary canal
Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis externa,…
five functions of digestive system
Long, muscular tube running from mouth to anus
Has localized differences for each stage of digestion
four layers of alimentary canal
ingestion, digestion, absorption, comp…
five functions of digestive system
alimentary canal
Long, muscular tube running from mouth to anus
49 terms
GI
4 GI Classes
Esophagus
What 3 things are absorbed so quickly…
Oropharyngeal Motility Disruption
Abd or CP... Food Ingestion... Bowel Movements... GI Bleeds
Upper Sphincter - thickened striated circular ms - Cricophary…
Anti-freeze... Aspirin... Alcohol
Stroke... Dementia... Can't manage oral secretions or food > Aspi…
4 GI Classes
Abd or CP... Food Ingestion... Bowel Movements... GI Bleeds
Esophagus
Upper Sphincter - thickened striated circular ms - Cricophary…
67 terms
GI
Dental Caries
Peridontal Disease
Peridontal Abscess
Esophagitis
Strep Sanguinous... Strep Mutans... - Placques (biofilms)... - Destroy…
- Supportive structures of teeth affected... - Cementum, peridon…
- Puss at a location... - Begins with infection/cavity > can bur…
Candida - white plaques... CMV - shallow ulcers... HSV - volcano ri…
Dental Caries
Strep Sanguinous... Strep Mutans... - Placques (biofilms)... - Destroy…
Peridontal Disease
- Supportive structures of teeth affected... - Cementum, peridon…
108 terms
GI
Barret's Esophagus
With Esophageal Varices, pathology is…
Pyloric Stenosis
Increased acid production... Decreased mu…
What is the #1 cause of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma?
Why does esophageal varices rupture lead to painless hemateme…
Can be congenital or acquired, associated with first male chi…
Acute gastritis is associated with two mechanisms...what are…
Barret's Esophagus
What is the #1 cause of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma?
With Esophageal Varices, pathology is…
Why does esophageal varices rupture lead to painless hemateme…
47 terms
GI
Foregut
Midgut
Hindgut
Meissner plexus
- Esophagus, stomach, 1st and 2nd parts of duodenum, liver, g…
- 3rd, 4th parts duodenum, ileum, appendix, proximal 2/3 colo…
- Distal 1/3 colon, sigmoid colon, rectum to pectinate line…
- The submucous plexus is buried in the submucosa. Its princi…
Foregut
- Esophagus, stomach, 1st and 2nd parts of duodenum, liver, g…
Midgut
- 3rd, 4th parts duodenum, ileum, appendix, proximal 2/3 colo…
37 terms
GI
digestion process
effects of aging on indigestion and di…
Primary prevention
secondary prevention
-change of functional ability of GI... -Xerostomia (dry mouth) e…
-healthy weight--normal body mass index (18-25)... -healthy diet…
-occult stool testing... -Colonoscopy or Sigmoidoscopy--ages 50-…
digestion process
effects of aging on indigestion and di…
-change of functional ability of GI... -Xerostomia (dry mouth) e…
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