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Study sets matching "glencoe science biology vocabulary"

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Study sets matching "glencoe science biology vocabulary"

15 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 18
Bacteria
Halophiles
Methanogens
Thermoacidophiles
Prokaryotes
archaea that live in salty environments
archaea that are obligate anaerobes
archaea that live in hot acidic environments
Bacteria
Prokaryotes
Halophiles
archaea that live in salty environments
21 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 10 (Meiosis) Vocabulary
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome
Process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biology
Organism
Organization
Stimulus
The study of life
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
arranged in an orderly way
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
Biology
The study of life
Organism
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
31 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biology
Organism
Organization
Growth
The study of life
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
arranged in an orderly way
process that results in mass being added to an organism; may…
Biology
The study of life
Organism
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
20 terms
Glencoe Science Biology- Chapter 26: Arthropods Vocabulary
Thorax
Abdomen
Cephalothorax
Appendage
middle body region of an arthropod consisting of three fused…
in invertebrates, posterior body region that contains fused s…
in arthropods, the structure formed from the thorax region fu…
A structure such ad a leg of an antenna that grows and extend…
Thorax
middle body region of an arthropod consisting of three fused…
Abdomen
in invertebrates, posterior body region that contains fused s…
42 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 15
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Darwin's Rules of Nat. Select.
Evolution
selective breeding
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, describes how evolut…
show variation, variation can be inherited, overproduction, a…
heredity changes in groups of organisms over time
Artificial Selection
selective breeding
Natural Selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, describes how evolut…
31 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biology
Organism
Organization
Growth
The study of life
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
arranged in an orderly way
process that results in mass being added to an organism; may…
Biology
The study of life
Organism
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
33 terms
Glencoe Science Biology :: Chapter 22 Vocabulary
tracheid
cork cambium
xylem
guard cells
long, cylindrical cells with pitted ends
produces cells that have tough cell walls
vascular plant tissue that transports water and dissolved min…
one of a pair of cells that function in the opening and closi…
tracheid
long, cylindrical cells with pitted ends
cork cambium
produces cells that have tough cell walls
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome
Process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Abiotic Factor
Biological community
biome
biosphere
The nonliving factors in an organism's environment.
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same geogr…
a large group of ecosystems that share the same climate and h…
the portion of earth that supports life
Abiotic Factor
The nonliving factors in an organism's environment.
Biological community
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same geogr…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology CH. 18 vocabulary
Bacteria
Virus
Nucleoid
Capsule
Microscopic organisms that are prokaryotes
A nonliving strand of genetic material within a protein coat.
Are in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular chr…
Polysaccharides layer secreted around the cell wall by some p…
Bacteria
Microscopic organisms that are prokaryotes
Virus
A nonliving strand of genetic material within a protein coat.
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cancer
Apoptosis
Carcinogen
Cyclin
The uncontrolled growth and division of cells.
Programmed cell death.
Substances and agents that are known to cause cancer.
One of the specific proteins that regulate the cell cycle.
Cancer
The uncontrolled growth and division of cells.
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
32 terms
Chapter 2-5 Vocabulary (Glencoe Science) Biology
Ecology
Biotic(factors)
Abiotic(factors)
Population
the scientific discipline in which the relationships among li…
the living factors in an organisms' enviroment
the nonliving factors in an organisms' enviroment
group of organisms of the same species that occupy the same g…
Ecology
the scientific discipline in which the relationships among li…
Biotic(factors)
the living factors in an organisms' enviroment
26 terms
Biology ( Glencoe Science ) Chapter 8.2 & 8.3 Vocabulary
tissue
organ
organ system
binary fission
groups of cells that work together to perform a specific func…
group of 2 or more tissues organizes to perform complex activ…
multiple organs that work together to perform a specific life…
the process by which bacteria reproduce asexually; First the…
tissue
groups of cells that work together to perform a specific func…
organ
group of 2 or more tissues organizes to perform complex activ…
21 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 10 (Meiosis) Vocabulary
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome
Process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Double Helix
Nucleosome
DNA Polymerase
Okazaki Fragment
Twisted ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
Double Helix
Twisted ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
Nucleosome
Repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
31 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 24 - Introduction to Animals
blastula
ectoderm
endoderm
endoskeleton
fluid-filled ball of cells formed by mitotic cell division of…
outer layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into nervo…
inner layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into diges…
internal skeleton that protects internal organs, provides sup…
blastula
fluid-filled ball of cells formed by mitotic cell division of…
ectoderm
outer layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into nervo…
25 terms
GLencoe Science Biology chapter 1
adaption
biology
development
energy
any inherited structure, behavior, or internal process that e…
The study of life
changes that take place during the life of an organism
the ability to cause change
adaption
any inherited structure, behavior, or internal process that e…
biology
The study of life
8 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 6.4 Vocabulary
Macromolecules
Polymers
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
Molecules made from repeating units of identical or nearly id…
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio…
Molecules made mostly of carbon and hydrogen that make up the…
Macromolecules
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
Polymers
Molecules made from repeating units of identical or nearly id…
8 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 10 (Meiosis) Vocabulary
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome
Process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome
72 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons - how…
negatively charged ji particle that occupies space around an…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
39 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 8
Energy
Thermodynamics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
the ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy cannot be created or destroyed
energy cannot be converted w/o the loss of usable energy
Energy
the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
83 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons - how…
negatively charged ji particle that occupies space around an…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
58 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 6
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Electrons
the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged subatomic particles
negatively charged subatomic particles
Atom
the building blocks of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom
45 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 7
Cell Theory
Cell
Compound Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
all living things have cells, cells are the basic unit of org…
the basic structural and function unit of all living organisms
consists of a series of glass lenses and uses visible light
uses magnets to aim a beam of electrons at thin slices of cells
Cell Theory
all living things have cells, cells are the basic unit of org…
Cell
the basic structural and function unit of all living organisms
40 terms
Glencoe Science Biology chapter 6
Atom
Nucleus
protrons
neutrons
the building blocks of matter
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
positively charged particles
particles that have no charge
Atom
the building blocks of matter
Nucleus
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
18 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Sections 12.1-12.3 Vocabulary
nucleic acid
double helix
nucleosome
template
complex biomolecule that stores cellular information in the f…
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
a molecule of DNA that is a pattern for synthesis of a new DN…
nucleic acid
complex biomolecule that stores cellular information in the f…
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
26 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix*
nucleosome*
semiconservative replication
DNA polymerase*
Two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other in twist…
DNA coiled around histones and further coiled to form chromat…
method of DNA replication in which parental strands separate,…
Enzyme that catalyses the addition of appropriate nucleotides…
double helix*
Two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other in twist…
nucleosome*
DNA coiled around histones and further coiled to form chromat…
97 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Glencoe Science
Atoms
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
are the building blocks of matter
neutrons and protons are located at the center of the atom
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus
Atoms
are the building blocks of matter
Nucleus
neutrons and protons are located at the center of the atom
95 terms
Biology chapter 1 Glencoe Science
chapter 1 session 1
Biology
Organism
Organization
...
The study of life, science of life; examines how living thing…
Anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
Are arranged in an orderly way
chapter 1 session 1
...
Biology
The study of life, science of life; examines how living thing…
95 terms
Biology chapter 1 Glencoe Science
chapter 1 session 1
Biology
Organism
Organization
...
The study of life, science of life; examines how living thing…
Anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
Are arranged in an orderly way
chapter 1 session 1
...
Biology
The study of life, science of life; examines how living thing…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 15*
artificial selection
evolution
natural selection
analogous structure
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on four ideas:…
structure that has the same function but different constructi…
artificial selection
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
evolution
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
66 terms
Biology Chapter One (Glencoe Science)
Biology is the study of what things an…
People who study biology are called_____
Biologists who work in _______ researc…
_____ biologists work to prevent plant…
Living
biologists
agricultural
Environmental
Biology is the study of what things an…
Living
People who study biology are called_____
biologists
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 15
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Darwin's Rules of Nat. Select.
Evolution
selective breeding
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, describes how evolut…
show variation, variation can be inherited, overproduction, a…
heredity changes in groups of organisms over time
Artificial Selection
selective breeding
Natural Selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, describes how evolut…
83 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons - how…
negatively charged ji particle that occupies space around an…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
26 terms
Biology, Glencoe, Chapter 1 Vocabulary
biology
organism
organization
development
Study of life
A living thing; anything that can carry out life processes in…
Characteristic of life meaning arranged in an orderly way
process of natural change that takes place during the life of…
biology
Study of life
organism
A living thing; anything that can carry out life processes in…
30 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 10
End of Meiosis
End of Mitosis
Number of chromosomes in a human body…
Gene
4 identical cells
2 identical cells
46, 23 chromosome pairs contributed to reproduction
DNA on chromosomes arranged in segments
End of Meiosis
4 identical cells
End of Mitosis
2 identical cells
22 terms
Biology Glencoe Science Chapter 7
Cell Theory
2 Microscopes
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
1. All organisms ar composed of 1 or more cells ... 2. Cells are…
Light Microscope - has a series of glass lenses and visible l…
Simple Structure, one cell, no membrane bound organelles, pla…
Complex structure, plasma membrane, membrane bound organelles
Cell Theory
1. All organisms ar composed of 1 or more cells ... 2. Cells are…
2 Microscopes
Light Microscope - has a series of glass lenses and visible l…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 15*
artificial selection
evolution
natural selection
analogous structure
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on four ideas:…
structure that has the same function but different constructi…
artificial selection
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
evolution
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
37 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
plasma membrane
organelles
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
a special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves…
specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions…
cells that contain a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
cells that do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
plasma membrane
a special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves…
organelles
specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions…
Glencoe Science Biology section 30.1
Cerebellum (Cerebelo)
Cerebral Cortex (Corteza cerebral)
Diaphragm (Diafragma)
Gestation (Gestación)
Part of the brain responsible for balance and coordination. (…
Highly folded outer layer of the cerebrum that is responsible…
Sheet of muscle beneath the lungs that separates the mammalia…
Species-specific amount of time during which the young develo…
Cerebellum (Cerebelo)
Part of the brain responsible for balance and coordination. (…
Cerebral Cortex (Corteza cerebral)
Highly folded outer layer of the cerebrum that is responsible…
11 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Section 28.1- Fishes
atrium (auricula)
cartilage ( cartilago)
fin (aleta)
lateral line system (sistema de la lin…
heart chamber that receives blood from the body. (cavidad del…
flexible, tough material that makes up vertebrate skeletons o…
paddle-shaped structure of a fish or other aquatic animal use…
sensory receptors that enable fishes to detect vibrations, or…
atrium (auricula)
heart chamber that receives blood from the body. (cavidad del…
cartilage ( cartilago)
flexible, tough material that makes up vertebrate skeletons o…
Glencoe Science: Ch. 10 Section 1 Biology Vocabulary Terms
genes
homologous chromosomes
gametes
haploid
A functional unit that controls inherited trait expression th…
One of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
A cell with half the number of chromosomes (n) as a diploid (…
genes
A functional unit that controls inherited trait expression th…
homologous chromosomes
One of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
39 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
31 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 1 - The Study of Life
adaptation
biology
development
growth
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
changes an organism undergoes in its lifetime before reaching…
process that results in mass being added to an organism, may…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
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