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Study sets matching "glencoe science"

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Study sets matching "glencoe science"

15 terms
Chapter 5 Science Glencoe
temperature
thermal energy
conduction
convection
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecu…
the transfer of heat between objects that are touching (direc…
the transfer of heat through the movement of molecules from o…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
thermal energy
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecu…
38 terms
Glencoe Science
Control Group
Experimental Group
Dependent variable
Independent variable
A control group in an experiment is a group used for comparis…
The experimental group is the group exposed to the factor bei…
The dependent variable is the measured factor in an experimen…
The independent variable is the one, tested factor in a contr…
Control Group
A control group in an experiment is a group used for comparis…
Experimental Group
The experimental group is the group exposed to the factor bei…
29 terms
Glencoe Ch2 Science
kinetic energy
potential energy
Kinetic energy is impacted by
Potential energy is impacted by
energy of motion or movement
energy stored due to its position (height)
mass and speed (velocity)
mass and height (position)
kinetic energy
energy of motion or movement
potential energy
energy stored due to its position (height)
34 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Ch. 6
conduction
convection
fluid
in conduction, particles
transfer of energy through matter by direct contact of partic…
transfer of energy by the bulk movement of matter
any material that flows; includes liquids AND gases
remain approximately in place
conduction
transfer of energy through matter by direct contact of partic…
convection
transfer of energy by the bulk movement of matter
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3:
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
24 terms
Physical Science Glencoe Chapter 4
change in state of matter
endothermic
exothermic
melting
when matter goes from one state to another, due to the additi…
a change in state where heat is ADDED to the matter
a change in state where heat is REMOVED from the matter
a change in state from a solid to a liquid
change in state of matter
when matter goes from one state to another, due to the additi…
endothermic
a change in state where heat is ADDED to the matter
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science- Chapter 22
solution
solute
solvent
polar
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
in a solution, the substance in which the solute is being dis…
having separated positive and negative areas: polar materials…
solution
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
solute
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
26 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 1
1 Solving a problem scientifically... 2 S…
scientific methods
organism
cell
organized problem-solving procedure in science
living thing
the smallest unit in organisms that carries on life functions
1 Solving a problem scientifically... 2 S…
scientific methods
organized problem-solving procedure in science
22 terms
Glencoe earth science chapter 2
Matter
Element
Atom
Protons
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
A building block of matter
Positively charged particles inside the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
50 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 1
Law
Unicellular
Multicellular
Reproduction
A statement about how things work in nature that seems to be…
Living Things that are made of only one cell
Living things that are made up of two or more cells
Process by which one organism makes one or more new organizsms
Law
A statement about how things work in nature that seems to be…
Unicellular
Living Things that are made of only one cell
25 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 18
chemical formula
subscript of formula
chemical bond
why do atoms form chemical bonds?
shows what elements a compound contains and the exact number…
shows the number of atoms of each element in a compound
the force that holds atoms together in a compound
to become more stable than the separate atoms
chemical formula
shows what elements a compound contains and the exact number…
subscript of formula
shows the number of atoms of each element in a compound
73 terms
Glencoe Science
How is carbon released from calcium ca…
The exchange of matter through the bla…
The total mass of living matter at eac…
Tree branches are an example of blank
Buy a process of erosion
Biosphere
Biomass
Habitat
How is carbon released from calcium ca…
Buy a process of erosion
The exchange of matter through the bla…
Biosphere
27 terms
Chapter 1: Glencoe Physical Science
Bias
Volume
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Occurs when what the scientist expects changes how the result…
The amount of space occupied by an object.
Factor being tested or manipulated in an experiment.
Factor that is being measured in an experiment.
Bias
Occurs when what the scientist expects changes how the result…
Volume
The amount of space occupied by an object.
14 terms
Glencoe Science Ch. 5
energy
kinetic energy
law of conservation of energy
specific heat
the ability to cause change
energy of motion
under normal conditions, energy cannot be created or destroyed
energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a materia…
energy
the ability to cause change
kinetic energy
energy of motion
33 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 1
a testable prediction is
when designing an experiment, the firs…
a standard for comparison that helps t…
a factor that changes in an experiment…
a hypothesis
state a hypothesis
control
dependent variable
a testable prediction is
a hypothesis
when designing an experiment, the firs…
state a hypothesis
24 terms
Ch 3 Glencoe Physical Science
acceleration
average speed
balanced forces
constant speed
rate of change in velocity; can be positive or negative accel…
Total distance traveled divided by the total time traveled
forces on an object that are equal in size and opposite in di…
speed that does not change
acceleration
rate of change in velocity; can be positive or negative accel…
average speed
Total distance traveled divided by the total time traveled
49 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Ch. 10
chemical symbol
chemical symbols consist of
Which language do some chemical symbol…
atoms
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
one capital letter ( C , F ) or a capital letter plus one or…
Latin
smallest parts of matter
chemical symbol
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
chemical symbols consist of
one capital letter ( C , F ) or a capital letter plus one or…
50 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 1
Law
Unicellular
Multicellular
Reproduction
A statement about how things work in nature that seems to be…
Living Things that are made of only one cell
Living things that are made up of two or more cells
Process by which one organism makes one or more new organizsms
Law
A statement about how things work in nature that seems to be…
Unicellular
Living Things that are made of only one cell
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3:
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
14 terms
Glencoe Science Textbook chapter 8 Lesson 1
Convergent Plate Boundary
Earthquake
Epicenter
Fault
Tending to move toward one point or approaching each other
Causes vibrations in the ground that result from movement alo…
Location directly above the focus of an earthquake
Break in Earth's lithosphere where one block of rock moves to…
Convergent Plate Boundary
Tending to move toward one point or approaching each other
Earthquake
Causes vibrations in the ground that result from movement alo…
24 terms
Chapter 5 - Glencoe Earth Science
Lava
Igneous Rocks
Partial Melting
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
The process whereby some minerals cool at relatively low temp…
Sequential, predictable, duel branched pattern in which miner…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Cooled and crystallized lava or magma
40 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 1
Bias
Volume
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Occurs when what the scientist expects changes how the result…
The amount of space occupied by an object.
Factor being tested or manipulated in an experiment.
Factor that is being measured in an experiment.
Bias
Occurs when what the scientist expects changes how the result…
Volume
The amount of space occupied by an object.
10 terms
glencoe chapter 2 physical science
Acceleration
inertia
distance
force
rate of change of velocity
tendency of an object to resist changes in motion
how far an object has moved
a push or a pull
Acceleration
rate of change of velocity
inertia
tendency of an object to resist changes in motion
39 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Ch. 20
plane mirror
virtual image
virtual image in a plane mirror
concave mirror
mirror with a flat surface; piece of glass with a reflective…
an image in which no light rays pass through the image
appears erect and as far behind the mirror as the object is i…
mirror where surface is curved inward (like a cave)
plane mirror
mirror with a flat surface; piece of glass with a reflective…
virtual image
an image in which no light rays pass through the image
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Ch. 13
organic compound
hydrocarbon
saturated hydrocarbon
isomers
Most compounds that contain the element carbon; 90% of all co…
a compound made of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
hydrocarbons containing only single bonded carbon atoms
compounds that have identical chemical formulas but different…
organic compound
Most compounds that contain the element carbon; 90% of all co…
hydrocarbon
a compound made of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
45 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 23
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
What causes Earth to have seasons?
When the Moon moves directly between Earth and the Sun, shado…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
What causes Earth to have seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
12 terms
6th grade Science Glencoe Chapter 3
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating p…
lava when it is below the earth's surface
minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one or m…
mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating p…
15 terms
Physical Science Glencoe Chapter 16
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
16 terms
6th grade Science Glencoe Chapter 4 Rocks
What is a rock?
Rock Cycle
igneous rock
lava
A rock is a mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic gla…
The process in which rocks are created and changed.
Is formed when hot magma cools and hardens.
what magma is called when it reaches the earth's surface
What is a rock?
A rock is a mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic gla…
Rock Cycle
The process in which rocks are created and changed.
42 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 10 - Plant Reproduction
Sex cells have ____ as many chromosome…
Plants have a ___ stage life cycle
The gametophyte stage begins when ____…
Fertilization begins the ___ stage
Half
Two
Spores
sporophyte
Sex cells have ____ as many chromosome…
Half
Plants have a ___ stage life cycle
Two
43 terms
Earth Science Weather Glencoe
Troposphere
stratosphere
ozone
heat
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
the layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposphere…
a form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
total kenetic energy; expressed in calories
Troposphere
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
stratosphere
the layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposphere…
16 terms
Glencoe Earth Science - Chapter 11
elastic limit
elastic deformation
fault
earthquake
how far an object can bend without breaking
bending, but not breaking, of rocks
broken surface that rocks move along
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
elastic limit
how far an object can bend without breaking
elastic deformation
bending, but not breaking, of rocks
34 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Ch. 16
Antoine Lavoisier
Law of conservation of mass
chemical reaction
endothermic reaction
discovered the Law of Conservation of Mass
matter can NOT be created or destroyed it can only change forms
well-defined example of chemical change
heat energy is absorbed; gets colder
Antoine Lavoisier
discovered the Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of conservation of mass
matter can NOT be created or destroyed it can only change forms
18 terms
Glencoe Science Chapter 14
climate
climatology
El Niño
global warming
includes annual variations in temperature and precipitation,…
study of Earth's climate in order to understand and predict c…
warm ocean current that develops off the western coast of Sou…
rise in global temperatures, which may be due to increases in…
climate
includes annual variations in temperature and precipitation,…
climatology
study of Earth's climate in order to understand and predict c…
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science- Chapter 22
solution
solute
solvent
polar
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
in a solution, the substance in which the solute is being dis…
having separated positive and negative areas: polar materials…
solution
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
solute
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
39 terms
Ch 19 Glencoe Physical Science
chemical reaction
reactant
Product
Lavoisier
change in which 1 or more substances are converted into new s…
The starting substances that react
The starting substance in a chemical reaction
established that the total mass of the products always equals…
chemical reaction
change in which 1 or more substances are converted into new s…
reactant
The starting substances that react
46 terms
Ch 14 Glencoe Physical Science
Kinetic Theory
Gas
Solid
Gas
Explanation of how the particles in gases behave.
This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.
This state of matter has the least kinetic energy.
This state of matter fills whichever container is it in.
Kinetic Theory
Explanation of how the particles in gases behave.
Gas
This state of matter has the most kinetic energy.
24 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 4 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
Silicate
A naturally occurring... inorganic ... solid ... with a specific chemi…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in regular repeating…
molten (melted) material found beneath Earth's surface
mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and make up approxi…
mineral
A naturally occurring... inorganic ... solid ... with a specific chemi…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in regular repeating…
13 terms
Chapter 7 glencoe science
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
is the smallest piece of an element that still represents tha…
is a particle with one negative charge
an atoms mass and positive charge is concentrated in a small…
is an atomic particle that has one positive charge
Atom
is the smallest piece of an element that still represents tha…
Electron
is a particle with one negative charge
24 terms
Glencoe Science Chapter 6
periodic law
Groups
Periods
representative elements
there is a periodic repetition of chemical and physical prope…
columns on the periodic table (going down)... numbered 1 throug…
rows on the periodic table (going across)... 7 periods... each pe…
named so because they possess a wide range of chemical and ph…
periodic law
there is a periodic repetition of chemical and physical prope…
Groups
columns on the periodic table (going down)... numbered 1 throug…
12 terms
glencoe physical science chapter 17
Metals
malleable
ductile
metallic bonding
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
metals that can be hammered and rolled into sheets
metals that can be drawn into wires.
positively charged metallic ions surrounded by a sea of elect…
Metals
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
malleable
metals that can be hammered and rolled into sheets
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 23
acid
hydronium ion
indicator
base
any substance that produces hydrogen ions, H+
ions which form when an acid dissolves in water and H+ ions i…
organic compound that changes color in acids and bases
any substance that forms hydroxide ions, OH-, in a water solu…
acid
any substance that produces hydrogen ions, H+
hydronium ion
ions which form when an acid dissolves in water and H+ ions i…
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science- Chapter 22
solution
solute
solvent
polar
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
in a solution, the substance in which the solute is being dis…
having separated positive and negative areas: polar materials…
solution
homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mix…
solute
in a solution, the substance being dissolved
24 terms
Glencoe Science Chapter 6
periodic law
Groups
Periods
representative elements
there is a periodic repetition of chemical and physical prope…
columns on the periodic table (going down)... numbered 1 throug…
rows on the periodic table (going across)... 7 periods... each pe…
named so because they possess a wide range of chemical and ph…
periodic law
there is a periodic repetition of chemical and physical prope…
Groups
columns on the periodic table (going down)... numbered 1 throug…
16 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 15
Substance
Element
Compound
Mixture
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler p…
If all the atoms in a substance have the same identity, that…
A substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are co…
Two or more substances that can be separated by physical means.
Substance
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler p…
Element
If all the atoms in a substance have the same identity, that…
14 terms
Ch 5 Glencoe Physical Science
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Heat
Specific Heat
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles th…
The sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy of all…
Energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperatu…
The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of…
Temperature
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles th…
Thermal Energy
The sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy of all…
26 terms
Liam Science #GlencoeGuy
fault
reverse fault
earthquake
normal fault
surface which rocks move when there elastic limit is reached…
compressive forces that break rock
vibrations caused by faults
two rocks pull apart because of tension
fault
surface which rocks move when there elastic limit is reached…
reverse fault
compressive forces that break rock
15 terms
Glencoe Science Biology Ch. 18
Bacteria
Halophiles
Methanogens
Thermoacidophiles
Prokaryotes
archaea that live in salty environments
archaea that are obligate anaerobes
archaea that live in hot acidic environments
Bacteria
Prokaryotes
Halophiles
archaea that live in salty environments
26 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 1
1 Solving a problem scientifically... 2 S…
scientific methods
organism
cell
organized problem-solving procedure in science
living thing
smallest unit of organisms that carries on life functions
1 Solving a problem scientifically... 2 S…
scientific methods
organized problem-solving procedure in science
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