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Study sets matching "glycolysis science"

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Study sets matching "glycolysis science"

Science glycolysis
What does it take to phosphorylate a m…
What is the purpose of phosphorylating…
Where does the energy come from for ph…
How many total molecules of ATP are pr…
Add molecules of phosphate from two ATPs
The purpose is to use ATP to energize a glucose molecule whic…
Comes from the two ATP molecules from net gain, NADH
Two are produced and the phosphate groups come from the redox…
What does it take to phosphorylate a m…
Add molecules of phosphate from two ATPs
What is the purpose of phosphorylating…
The purpose is to use ATP to energize a glucose molecule whic…
29 terms
science glycolysis/ cellular respiration
what is an autotroph?
what is a heterotroph?
what is cellular respiration?
does cellular respiration use kinetic…
self nourishment. makes own food
others nourishment. depends on other organisms for their ener…
the breakdown of a food substance into usable cellular energy…
stored chemical energy into usable chemical energy ATP
what is an autotroph?
self nourishment. makes own food
what is a heterotroph?
others nourishment. depends on other organisms for their ener…
49 terms
Science Glycolysis and Respiration
What do autotrophs produce?
if gluclose is broken down completely…
If oxygen is available what is the pro…
Where does the glucose broken down in…
gluclose
CO2 and H2O
respiration
Photosynthesis
What do autotrophs produce?
gluclose
if gluclose is broken down completely…
CO2 and H2O
8 terms
Science Notes Cellular Respiration - Glycolysis
Glycolysis doesn't require ______
Glycolysis begins with _______
Where does glycolysis take place?
First step of glycolysis:
Oxygen
C6H12O6 (glucose)
The chloroplast
2 ATP molecules come in and attach 2 phosphates; this splits…
Glycolysis doesn't require ______
Oxygen
Glycolysis begins with _______
C6H12O6 (glucose)
28 terms
Science ch 7. Study set. Glycolysis and Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
process where cells obtain energy from carbohydrates.
Anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a…
Chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic acid…
The anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
Cellular Respiration
process where cells obtain energy from carbohydrates.
Glycolysis
Anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Science Test: Transport, Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic, endocytosis, exocytosis, glycolysis
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
where is DNA located in eukaryotic cells
which is larger -prokaryotic or eukary…
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
nucleus
eukaryotic
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
eukaryotic
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
prokaryotic
25 terms
Chapter 2 Science Test: Transport, Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic, endocytosis, exocytosis, glycolysis
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
where is DNA located in eukaryotic cells
which is larger -prokaryotic or eukary…
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
nucleus
eukaryotic
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
eukaryotic
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
prokaryotic
135 terms
Unit 3 Science MegaSet: Enzymes, ATP, Citric Acid Cycle, Fermentation, & glycolysis
Define cellular respiration
What is the formula for cellular respi…
Why can you seal plants in a terrarium?
What are organisms that perform cellul…
the process of breaking down food molecules (specifically glu…
C6H12O6 + O2 ->CO2 + H2O (+ATP)
they do cellular respiration through photosynthesisd
Heterotrophes
Define cellular respiration
the process of breaking down food molecules (specifically glu…
What is the formula for cellular respi…
C6H12O6 + O2 ->CO2 + H2O (+ATP)
17 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Aerobic Glycolysis
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Location of Glycolytic enzymes
A metabolic process that breaks down glucose through a series…
Conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid yields 8ATPs
Conversion of glucose to lactic acid in absencce of oxygen an…
cytoplasam
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down glucose through a series…
Aerobic Glycolysis
Conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid yields 8ATPs
72 terms
Glycolysis
1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate
2
2
Glucose 6-phosphate
simplified overall reaction of glycolysis
how many net ATP are formed from glycolysis?
how many net NADH molecules are formed in glycolysis
Reaction 1/10: Glucose to
1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate
simplified overall reaction of glycolysis
2
how many net ATP are formed from glycolysis?
70 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphohexose isomerase
Phospho-fructokinase-1
Aldose
Enzyme in Step 1
Enzyme in Step 2
Enzyme in Step 3
Enzyme in Step 4
Hexokinase
Enzyme in Step 1
Phosphohexose isomerase
Enzyme in Step 2
18 terms
Glycolysis
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
- 1 ATP invested, ATP hydrolysis drives the reaction... - Reacti…
- Conversion of a hexose to a pentose... - Reaction is near equi…
Commited Step of glycolysis... Irreversible and highly regulated…
-Though DG0' = +22.8 kJ/mol (non spontaneous), this step is a…
Step 1
- 1 ATP invested, ATP hydrolysis drives the reaction... - Reacti…
Step 2
- Conversion of a hexose to a pentose... - Reaction is near equi…
36 terms
Glycolysis
1. Glucose... 2. Aldehyde
convert Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-phosphate
What molecule is this? Is it a ketone or an aldehyde?
What is the purpose of hexokinase?
What enzyme creates Glucose 6-phosphate from Glucose?
What molecule is this?
1. Glucose... 2. Aldehyde
What molecule is this? Is it a ketone or an aldehyde?
convert Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
What is the purpose of hexokinase?
40 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-P
ATP → ADP + Pi
Glucose 6-P
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P is catalysed by
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P half-reaction
(Step 1) Hexokinase is regulated by
Hexokinase
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P is catalysed by
Glucose 6-P
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
32 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Phosphorylates glucose initially
Converts glucose 6-phosphate into fructose 6-phosphate
Second major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphorylates glucose initially
12 terms
Glycolysis
How many rxns are in glycolysis?
What is the net gain of glycolysis?
If glycolysis goes into anaerobic cond…
If glycolysis goes into aerobic condit…
10
2ATP and 2NADH
Lactate
Pyruvate carboxylase then TCA cycle... Enter mito
How many rxns are in glycolysis?
10
What is the net gain of glycolysis?
2ATP and 2NADH
20 terms
Gluconeogensis/Glycolysis and more
PFK1 pathway
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucokinase
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
becomes active quickly (more quickly than glucokinase) when g…
activated when glucose levels are higher than what's needed f…
PFK1 pathway
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Glycolysis
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
26 terms
MCAT - BioChem - Important molecular structures, steps of glycolysis
Glucose
glucose 6-phosphate
fructose
fructose 6-phosphate
Glucose
glucose 6-phosphate
21 terms
Glycolysis Substrates
Glucose
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-phosphate
Phosphoglucoisomerase
ATP used Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
Glucose 6-phosphate to Fructose 6-phosphate
Glucose
Hexokinase
ATP used Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
22 terms
Glycolysis structures and enzymes
glucose
glucose 6 phosphate
fructose 6 phosphate
fructose 1, 6 bisphosphate
glucose
glucose 6 phosphate
22 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Phosphorylates glucose initially
Converts glucose-6-phosphate into fructose-6-phosphate
Second major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphorylates glucose initially
13 terms
Glycolysis
the products of photosynthesis
where does glycolysis take place in th…
what is split during glycolysis
a small amount of energy is
are the reactants of cellular respiration
cytoplasm
glucose
released and then turned to ATP
the products of photosynthesis
are the reactants of cellular respiration
where does glycolysis take place in th…
cytoplasm
23 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis 1st Step
Glycolysis 2nd Step
Glycolysis 3rd Step
Glycolysis 4th Step
First to Evolve
Uses 2 ATP to start and produces 4 ATP so produces 2 ATP as N…
Occurs in the Cytoplasm of Cell
Is only anerobic stage
Glycolysis 1st Step
First to Evolve
Glycolysis 2nd Step
Uses 2 ATP to start and produces 4 ATP so produces 2 ATP as N…
40 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucose-6-P
ATP → ADP + Pi
Glucose-6-P
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose-6-P is catalysed by
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose-6-P half-reaction
(Step 1) Hexokinase is regulated by
Hexokinase
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose-6-P is catalysed by
Glucose-6-P
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
52 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytosol
Glycolysis 3 steps
Glycolysis - Stage 1 Activation: three…
1. Fist step in breakdown of carbohydrates... 2. Oxidation of 1…
Aqeous envrioment
1. Activation by phoshorylation requiring energy inout... 2. Cle…
1. 1st phosphorylation (traps glucose in cell)... 2. Isomerisati…
Glycolysis
1. Fist step in breakdown of carbohydrates... 2. Oxidation of 1…
Cytosol
Aqeous envrioment
13 terms
Glycolysis
Function of glycolysis
Location
Inputs
Outputs
Process where 1 molecule of glucose is broken in 1/2, reshuff…
Cytosol
Glucose, 2 ATP, ... 2 ADP, 2 NAD+
2 pyruvate, 4 ATP, ... 2 NADH + 2H+
Function of glycolysis
Process where 1 molecule of glucose is broken in 1/2, reshuff…
Location
Cytosol
15 terms
Glycolysis
What does Glyco mean?
What does lysis mean?
Where does Glycolysis take place?
Is Glycolysis anaerobic or aerobic?
Glucose
Breakdown
Cytoplasm
Anaerobic
What does Glyco mean?
Glucose
What does lysis mean?
Breakdown
14 terms
Glycolysis
glyco-
-lysis
what is glucose broken down into?
3 main phases of glycolysis
sugar
split
2 pyruvic acid molecules
phosphorylation, splitting/cleavage, production of NADH and A…
glyco-
sugar
-lysis
split
64 terms
Glycolysis
What are the four significant pathways…
What is another name for glycolysis?
How many reactions does glucose have?
Where can water soluble proteins be fo…
Glycogen(starch,sucrose) ---> Storage... Pyruvate ---> oxidatio…
Embdem-Meyerhof or Warburg Pathway
Ten reactions; same in all cells but ocurring at different ra…
In the cytosol
What are the four significant pathways…
Glycogen(starch,sucrose) ---> Storage... Pyruvate ---> oxidatio…
What is another name for glycolysis?
Embdem-Meyerhof or Warburg Pathway
12 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism in Sport and Exercise Science -Bioenergetics Part 2 -Energy Systems and Exercise
Creatine Phosphate
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Creatine Phosphate Energy System
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
Which of the following mechanisms produces the most ATP durin…
Available instantly. Does not require oxygen.ADP levels in ce…
Creatine Phosphate
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
Anaerobic Glycolysis
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
11 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis begins with ____________, a…
To begin with, Glucose musts absorb __…
Glucose then becomes too energized and…
When Glucose breaks into two molecules…
Glucose; photosynthesis
ATP; 2
PGAL; Calvin; photosynthesis
NAD+
Glycolysis begins with ____________, a…
Glucose; photosynthesis
To begin with, Glucose musts absorb __…
ATP; 2
14 terms
Glycolysis/Krebs Cycle/Electron Transport Chain
Glycolysis Step 1
Glycolysis Step 2
Glycolysis Step 3
Krebs Cycle Step 1
Two molecules of ATP and 2 phosphates are used to breakdown g…
Each molecule of PGAL releases e- and H+ to an electron carri…
Each phosphate group added in Steps 1 and 2 is removed and ad…
After the pyruvic acid from glycolysis has been converted to…
Glycolysis Step 1
Two molecules of ATP and 2 phosphates are used to breakdown g…
Glycolysis Step 2
Each molecule of PGAL releases e- and H+ to an electron carri…
43 terms
Cellular Respiration and glycolysis
Chlorophyll
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
where are energetic electrons stored?
Chloroplasts containing light-absorbing Molecules (pigments).
self-feeders that make their own food from sunlight .
cannot feed themselves so they eat food to obtain energy.
glucose, for later use through photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Chloroplasts containing light-absorbing Molecules (pigments).
Autotrophs
self-feeders that make their own food from sunlight .
11 terms
L10-Glycolysis
Muscel and Fat cells are
Muscle can have
Brain and RBC
Liver
insulin dependent ... GLUT4 receptors... cannot continuously use gl…
glycogen synthesis for energy
use glycolysis for energy
Insulin INDEPENDENT (only needs insulin to create a gradient-…
Muscel and Fat cells are
insulin dependent ... GLUT4 receptors... cannot continuously use gl…
Muscle can have
glycogen synthesis for energy
13 terms
IB Bio 2.8 Glycolysis and Anaerobic Respiration
Cell Respiration
Mitochondria
Anaerobic Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
The controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from orga…
Site of cell respiration
No oxygen present, yields a small amount of ATP, makes alcoho…
Oxygen present, yields a large amount of ATP, makes water and…
Cell Respiration
The controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from orga…
Mitochondria
Site of cell respiration
14 terms
Glycolysis Test
In what part of the cell does glycolys…
What molecule is broken down in glycol…
What is the 1st phase of glycolysis?
What is the 2nd phase of glycolysis?
Cytosol
Glucose
Investment Phase
Payoff Phase
In what part of the cell does glycolys…
Cytosol
What molecule is broken down in glycol…
Glucose
26 terms
Glycolysis and Fermentation
The process in which cells break down…
Takes place in the cytosol
one glucose molecule is oxidized to fo…
results in a net production of two ATP…
cellular respiration
glycolysis
glycolysis
glycolysis
The process in which cells break down…
cellular respiration
Takes place in the cytosol
glycolysis
33 terms
glycolysis & krebs cycle
glucose
6
3
pyruvic acid
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
how many carbons are there at the end in each pyruvate compou…
what is the name of the (2) compounds produced in glycolysis?
glucose
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
6
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
19 terms
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondria
Glycolysis
Krebs/Citric Acid Cycle
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
The structure in cells where cellular respiration occurs.
Step 1 of cellular respiration
Step 2 of cellular respiration
Step 3 of cellular respiration
Mitochondria
The structure in cells where cellular respiration occurs.
Glycolysis
Step 1 of cellular respiration
Science
ATP
Energy
Using ATP
Chloroplasts
-adenosine triphosphate ... -a chemical compound used by our cel…
-the ability to do work ... -we need energy for everything we do…
-cells only store small amounts of ATP... -there is enough ATP i…
Chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis and contain thyla…
ATP
-adenosine triphosphate ... -a chemical compound used by our cel…
Energy
-the ability to do work ... -we need energy for everything we do…
McGraw - Hill Life Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
carbohydrate
cell theory
lipid
macromolecule
one or more sugar... molecules
living things are made of... one or more cells; the cell is the…
large macromolecule that does... not dissolve in water
substance that forms... by joining many small molecules
carbohydrate
one or more sugar... molecules
cell theory
living things are made of... one or more cells; the cell is the…
12 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocab
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
34 terms
TExES Life Science 7-12 238
centrifugation
electrophoresis
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
hydrogen bond
used to separate blood into blood cells, with heavier blood c…
uses electrical charges of molecules to separate them accordi…
technique in which a piece of DNA can be amplified into billi…
when one electronegative atom shared a negative charge with a…
centrifugation
used to separate blood into blood cells, with heavier blood c…
electrophoresis
uses electrical charges of molecules to separate them accordi…
Nutrition Final - Glycolysis & Krebs steps
Malonyl Co-A
Fructose-6-phosphate
2-phosphoglycerate
Aldolase
Compound that enters into add carbon in a fatty acid chain du…
Converted from glucose-6-phosphate in glycolysis
Converted from 3-phosphoglycerate in glycolysis
converts Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate & glyceraldehyde 3-phosph…
Malonyl Co-A
Compound that enters into add carbon in a fatty acid chain du…
Fructose-6-phosphate
Converted from glucose-6-phosphate in glycolysis
26 terms
008 7L Cells and Life ("Life Science" book)
Cell Theory
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
>All living things are made of one or more cells.... >Cells are…
form by joining many small molecules together... a.k.a. polymers.
>a molecule made of many small molecules. ... macromolecules are…
>a small molecule that makes up larger molecules. ... >Example:…
Cell Theory
>All living things are made of one or more cells.... >Cells are…
macromolecule
form by joining many small molecules together... a.k.a. polymers.
12 terms
2.4 Cells and Energy
cellular respiration
fermentation
glycolysis
photosynthesis
chemical reactions that convert food energy into ATP energy
cells do this to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels a…
glucose sugar is broken down into smaller molecules in the cy…
process that captures light energy, in water and carbon dioxi…
cellular respiration
chemical reactions that convert food energy into ATP energy
fermentation
cells do this to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels a…
77 terms
unit vocab science
Acoelomate
ADP
Aerobic Respiration
Alcohol Fermentation
No body cavity or coelom. Nutrients and wastes diffuse from o…
Adenosine diphosphate.
Glycolysis followed by the conversion of pyruvate to carbon d…
Acoelomate
No body cavity or coelom. Nutrients and wastes diffuse from o…
ADP
Adenosine diphosphate.
13 terms
Science chapter 4 section B-teacher mom
producer
consumer
cellular resparation
ATP
An organism that uses an outside energy source, such as the s…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
breakdown of food source such as sugar to release usable ener…
adenosine triphosphate-the molecule that serves as a useable…
producer
An organism that uses an outside energy source, such as the s…
consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
9 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
process that starts cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
process that starts cellular respiration
9 terms
Glycolysis and fermentation
Cellular respiration
Pyruvic acid
Fermentation
Anaerobic
The process by which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
(Glycolysis) Glucose oxidized to produce __ __
Happens after glycolysis oxygen is absent
No oxygen involved
Cellular respiration
The process by which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
Pyruvic acid
(Glycolysis) Glucose oxidized to produce __ __
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