Study sets matching "glycolysis science"

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Study sets matching "glycolysis science"

Science Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose Isomerase
Phosphofructokinase
Aldolase
Conversion of D-glucose to glucose-6-phosphate
Rearrangement of glucose-6-phosphate into fructose 7-phosphate
Changed fructose 6-phosphate into 1,6-bisphosphate
Splits fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into two sugars (dihydroxyac…
Hexokinase
Conversion of D-glucose to glucose-6-phosphate
Phosphoglucose Isomerase
Rearrangement of glucose-6-phosphate into fructose 7-phosphate
Science glycolysis
Substrate gluecose
Glucose 6-phosphate
Fructose 6- phosphate
Fructose 1,6 bisphosphate
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose isomer
Phospho fructose kinase
Fructose bisphosphate adolase
Substrate gluecose
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-phosphate
Phosphoglucose isomer
Science glycolysis
What does it take to phosphorylate a m…
What is the purpose of phosphorylating…
Where does the energy come from for ph…
How many total molecules of ATP are pr…
Add molecules of phosphate from two ATPs
The purpose is to use ATP to energize a glucose molecule whic…
Comes from the two ATP molecules from net gain, NADH
Two are produced and the phosphate groups come from the redox…
What does it take to phosphorylate a m…
Add molecules of phosphate from two ATPs
What is the purpose of phosphorylating…
The purpose is to use ATP to energize a glucose molecule whic…
science chapter 6 glycolysis
net gain of ATP
occurs in
products in
products out
2
cytosol / cytoplasm
atp, adp, nad+, glucose
atp, adp, nadh, pyruvate
net gain of ATP
2
occurs in
cytosol / cytoplasm
29 terms
science glycolysis/ cellular respiration
what is an autotroph?
what is a heterotroph?
what is cellular respiration?
does cellular respiration use kinetic…
self nourishment. makes own food
others nourishment. depends on other organisms for their ener…
the breakdown of a food substance into usable cellular energy…
stored chemical energy into usable chemical energy ATP
what is an autotroph?
self nourishment. makes own food
what is a heterotroph?
others nourishment. depends on other organisms for their ener…
49 terms
Science Glycolysis and Respiration
What do autotrophs produce?
if gluclose is broken down completely…
If oxygen is available what is the pro…
Where does the glucose broken down in…
gluclose
CO2 and H2O
respiration
Photosynthesis
What do autotrophs produce?
gluclose
if gluclose is broken down completely…
CO2 and H2O
Science Notes Cellular Respiration - Glycolysis
Glycolysis doesn't require ______
Glycolysis begins with _______
Where does glycolysis take place?
First step of glycolysis:
Oxygen
C6H12O6 (glucose)
The chloroplast
2 ATP molecules come in and attach 2 phosphates; this splits…
Glycolysis doesn't require ______
Oxygen
Glycolysis begins with _______
C6H12O6 (glucose)
28 terms
Science ch 7. Study set. Glycolysis and Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
process where cells obtain energy from carbohydrates.
Anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a…
Chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic acid…
The anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
Cellular Respiration
process where cells obtain energy from carbohydrates.
Glycolysis
Anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Science Test: Transport, Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic, endocytosis, exocytosis, glycolysis
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
where is DNA located in eukaryotic cells
which is larger -prokaryotic or eukary…
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
nucleus
eukaryotic
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
eukaryotic
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
prokaryotic
Chapter 2 Science Test: Transport, Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic, endocytosis, exocytosis, glycolysis
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
where is DNA located in eukaryotic cells
which is larger -prokaryotic or eukary…
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
nucleus
eukaryotic
Do prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells hav…
eukaryotic
which have fewer organelles -prokaryot…
prokaryotic
54 terms
Science Midterm Review (don't forget Photosynthesis, Glycolysis, or DNA Replication)
What is an organic compound?
What are the seven properties of water?
What makes carbon unique?
Define a monomer and a polymer.
any compound that has carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms
high surface tension, capillary action, high specific heat, c…
4 valence electrons
monomer: one part of a large molecule... polymer: many parts of…
What is an organic compound?
any compound that has carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms
What are the seven properties of water?
high surface tension, capillary action, high specific heat, c…
135 terms
Unit 3 Science MegaSet: Enzymes, ATP, Citric Acid Cycle, Fermentation, & glycolysis
Define cellular respiration
What is the formula for cellular respi…
Why can you seal plants in a terrarium?
What are organisms that perform cellul…
the process of breaking down food molecules (specifically glu…
C6H12O6 + O2 ->CO2 + H2O (+ATP)
they do cellular respiration through photosynthesisd
Heterotrophes
Define cellular respiration
the process of breaking down food molecules (specifically glu…
What is the formula for cellular respi…
C6H12O6 + O2 ->CO2 + H2O (+ATP)
72 terms
Glycolysis
1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate
2
2
Glucose 6-phosphate
simplified overall reaction of glycolysis
how many net ATP are formed from glycolysis?
how many net NADH molecules are formed in glycolysis
Reaction 1/10: Glucose to
1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate
simplified overall reaction of glycolysis
2
how many net ATP are formed from glycolysis?
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Aerobic Glycolysis
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Location of Glycolytic enzymes
A metabolic process that breaks down glucose through a series…
Conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid yields 8ATPs
Conversion of glucose to lactic acid in absencce of oxygen an…
cytoplasam
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down glucose through a series…
Aerobic Glycolysis
Conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid yields 8ATPs
70 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphohexose isomerase
Phospho-fructokinase-1
Aldose
Enzyme in Step 1
Enzyme in Step 2
Enzyme in Step 3
Enzyme in Step 4
Hexokinase
Enzyme in Step 1
Phosphohexose isomerase
Enzyme in Step 2
18 terms
Glycolysis
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
- 1 ATP invested, ATP hydrolysis drives the reaction... - Reacti…
- Conversion of a hexose to a pentose... - Reaction is near equi…
Commited Step of glycolysis... Irreversible and highly regulated…
-Though DG0' = +22.8 kJ/mol (non spontaneous), this step is a…
Step 1
- 1 ATP invested, ATP hydrolysis drives the reaction... - Reacti…
Step 2
- Conversion of a hexose to a pentose... - Reaction is near equi…
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Phosphorylates glucose initially
Converts glucose 6-phosphate into fructose 6-phosphate
Second major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphorylates glucose initially
6 terms
Glycolysis
split glucose into pyruvic acid
glucose
2 pyruvic acid and 2 atp
can produce atp fast and occurs in cyt…
what is the function of glycolysis
reactants in glycolysis
products in glycolysis
advantages of glycolysis
split glucose into pyruvic acid
what is the function of glycolysis
glucose
reactants in glycolysis
12 terms
Glycolysis
How many rxns are in glycolysis?
What is the net gain of glycolysis?
If glycolysis goes into anaerobic cond…
If glycolysis goes into aerobic condit…
10
2ATP and 2NADH
Lactate
Pyruvate carboxylase then TCA cycle... Enter mito
How many rxns are in glycolysis?
10
What is the net gain of glycolysis?
2ATP and 2NADH
36 terms
Glycolysis
1. Glucose... 2. Aldehyde
convert Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-phosphate
What molecule is this? Is it a ketone or an aldehyde?
What is the purpose of hexokinase?
What enzyme creates Glucose 6-phosphate from Glucose?
What molecule is this?
1. Glucose... 2. Aldehyde
What molecule is this? Is it a ketone or an aldehyde?
convert Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
What is the purpose of hexokinase?
40 terms
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-P
ATP → ADP + Pi
Glucose 6-P
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P is catalysed by
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P half-reaction
(Step 1) Hexokinase is regulated by
Hexokinase
(Step 1) Glucose → Glucose 6-P is catalysed by
Glucose 6-P
(Step 1) Glucose and ATP → ADP + Pi leads to
20 terms
Gluconeogensis/Glycolysis and more
PFK1 pathway
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucokinase
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
becomes active quickly (more quickly than glucokinase) when g…
activated when glucose levels are higher than what's needed f…
PFK1 pathway
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Glycolysis
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
Phosphoglucoisomerase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Phosphorylates glucose initially
Converts glucose-6-phosphate into fructose-6-phosphate
Second major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
First major enzyme involved in glycolysis
Hexokinase
Phosphorylates glucose initially
Glycolysis
Glycolysis 1st Step
Glycolysis 2nd Step
Glycolysis 3rd Step
Glycolysis 4th Step
First to Evolve
Uses 2 ATP to start and produces 4 ATP so produces 2 ATP as N…
Occurs in the Cytoplasm of Cell
Is only anerobic stage
Glycolysis 1st Step
First to Evolve
Glycolysis 2nd Step
Uses 2 ATP to start and produces 4 ATP so produces 2 ATP as N…
13 terms
Glycolysis
the products of photosynthesis
where does glycolysis take place in th…
what is split during glycolysis
a small amount of energy is
are the reactants of cellular respiration
cytoplasm
glucose
released and then turned to ATP
the products of photosynthesis
are the reactants of cellular respiration
where does glycolysis take place in th…
cytoplasm
20 terms
Glycolysis
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
Hexokinase ... Adds a phosphate from ATP... glucose -> glucose 6 ph…
Glucose 6 phosphate isomerase ... Reorientates molecules... glucose…
PFK... Adds a phosphate from ATP... Fructose 6 phosphate -> Fructos…
Aldolase ... Splits ring in half... VERY POSITIVE delta G... f16BP - >…
Stage 1
Hexokinase ... Adds a phosphate from ATP... glucose -> glucose 6 ph…
Stage 2
Glucose 6 phosphate isomerase ... Reorientates molecules... glucose…
Glycolysis
What does Glyco mean?
What does lysis mean?
Where does Glycolysis take place?
Is Glycolysis anaerobic or aerobic?
Glucose
Breakdown
Cytoplasm
Anaerobic
What does Glyco mean?
Glucose
What does lysis mean?
Breakdown
64 terms
Glycolysis
What are the four significant pathways…
What is another name for glycolysis?
How many reactions does glucose have?
Where can water soluble proteins be fo…
Glycogen(starch,sucrose) ---> Storage... Pyruvate ---> oxidatio…
Embdem-Meyerhof or Warburg Pathway
Ten reactions; same in all cells but ocurring at different ra…
In the cytosol
What are the four significant pathways…
Glycogen(starch,sucrose) ---> Storage... Pyruvate ---> oxidatio…
What is another name for glycolysis?
Embdem-Meyerhof or Warburg Pathway
11 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis begins with ____________, a…
To begin with, Glucose musts absorb __…
Glucose then becomes too energized and…
When Glucose breaks into two molecules…
Glucose; photosynthesis
ATP; 2
PGAL; Calvin; photosynthesis
NAD+
Glycolysis begins with ____________, a…
Glucose; photosynthesis
To begin with, Glucose musts absorb __…
ATP; 2
MCAT - BioChem - Important molecular structures, steps of glycolysis
Glucose
glucose 6-phosphate
fructose
fructose 6-phosphate
Glucose
glucose 6-phosphate
21 terms
Glycolysis Substrates
Glucose
Hexokinase
Glucose 6-phosphate
Phosphoglucoisomerase
ATP used Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
Glucose 6-phosphate to Fructose 6-phosphate
Glucose
Hexokinase
ATP used Glucose to Glucose 6-phosphate
22 terms
Glycolysis structures and enzymes
glucose
glucose 6 phosphate
fructose 6 phosphate
fructose 1, 6 bisphosphate
glucose
glucose 6 phosphate
14 terms
Glycolysis Test
In what part of the cell does glycolys…
What molecule is broken down in glycol…
What is the 1st phase of glycolysis?
What is the 2nd phase of glycolysis?
Cytosol
Glucose
Investment Phase
Payoff Phase
In what part of the cell does glycolys…
Cytosol
What molecule is broken down in glycol…
Glucose
33 terms
glycolysis & krebs cycle
glucose
6
3
pyruvic acid
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
how many carbons are there at the end in each pyruvate compou…
what is the name of the (2) compounds produced in glycolysis?
glucose
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
6
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
Glycolysis
Glucose 6-phosphate
Fructose 6-phosphate
Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
dehydroxyacetone phosphate and glycera…
Glucose to
Glucose 6-phosphate to
Fructose 6-phosphate to
Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate to...
Glucose 6-phosphate
Glucose to
Fructose 6-phosphate
Glucose 6-phosphate to
52 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytosol
Glycolysis 3 steps
Glycolysis - Stage 1 Activation: three…
1. Fist step in breakdown of carbohydrates... 2. Oxidation of 1…
Aqeous envrioment
1. Activation by phoshorylation requiring energy inout... 2. Cle…
1. 1st phosphorylation (traps glucose in cell)... 2. Isomerisati…
Glycolysis
1. Fist step in breakdown of carbohydrates... 2. Oxidation of 1…
Cytosol
Aqeous envrioment
Biology Chapter 9- Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Does not require energy and releases a small amount of ATP
1 molecule of glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of pyru…
For this to occur, 2 ATP molecules are borrowed from the cell…
Then 4 molecules of ATP are formed and electrons are excited
Glycolysis
Does not require energy and releases a small amount of ATP
Step 1
1 molecule of glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of pyru…
Glycolysis
Function of glycolysis
Location
Inputs
Outputs
Process where 1 molecule of glucose is broken in 1/2, reshuff…
Cytosol
Glucose, 2 ATP, ... 2 ADP, 2 NAD+
2 pyruvate, 4 ATP, ... 2 NADH + 2H+
Function of glycolysis
Process where 1 molecule of glucose is broken in 1/2, reshuff…
Location
Cytosol
11 terms
L10-Glycolysis
Muscel and Fat cells are
Muscle can have
Brain and RBC
Liver
insulin dependent ... GLUT4 receptors... cannot continuously use gl…
glycogen synthesis for energy
use glycolysis for energy
Insulin INDEPENDENT (only needs insulin to create a gradient-…
Muscel and Fat cells are
insulin dependent ... GLUT4 receptors... cannot continuously use gl…
Muscle can have
glycogen synthesis for energy
7 terms
Overview of Glycolysis
where it takes place
reactants
energy-rich reactants
products
cytoplasm
glucose
2ADP + 2P, 2NAD+
2 pyruvate
where it takes place
cytoplasm
reactants
glucose
Nutrition Final - Glycolysis & Krebs steps
Malonyl Co-A
Fructose-6-phosphate
2-phosphoglycerate
Aldolase
Compound that enters into add carbon in a fatty acid chain du…
Converted from glucose-6-phosphate in glycolysis
Converted from 3-phosphoglycerate in glycolysis
converts Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate & glyceraldehyde 3-phosph…
Malonyl Co-A
Compound that enters into add carbon in a fatty acid chain du…
Fructose-6-phosphate
Converted from glucose-6-phosphate in glycolysis
Glycolysis and fermentation
Cellular respiration
Pyruvic acid
Fermentation
Anaerobic
The process by which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
(Glycolysis) Glucose oxidized to produce __ __
Happens after glycolysis oxygen is absent
No oxygen involved
Cellular respiration
The process by which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
Pyruvic acid
(Glycolysis) Glucose oxidized to produce __ __
14 terms
Glycolysis
glyco-
-lysis
what is glucose broken down into?
3 main phases of glycolysis
sugar
split
2 pyruvic acid molecules
phosphorylation, splitting/cleavage, production of NADH and A…
glyco-
sugar
-lysis
split
12 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism in Sport and Exercise Science -Bioenergetics Part 2 -Energy Systems and Exercise
Creatine Phosphate
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Creatine Phosphate Energy System
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
Which of the following mechanisms produces the most ATP durin…
Available instantly. Does not require oxygen.ADP levels in ce…
Creatine Phosphate
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
Anaerobic Glycolysis
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
Glycolysis/Krebs Cycle/Electron Transport Chain
Glycolysis Step 1
Glycolysis Step 2
Glycolysis Step 3
Krebs Cycle Step 1
Two molecules of ATP and 2 phosphates are used to breakdown g…
Each molecule of PGAL releases e- and H+ to an electron carri…
Each phosphate group added in Steps 1 and 2 is removed and ad…
After the pyruvic acid from glycolysis has been converted to…
Glycolysis Step 1
Two molecules of ATP and 2 phosphates are used to breakdown g…
Glycolysis Step 2
Each molecule of PGAL releases e- and H+ to an electron carri…
43 terms
Cellular Respiration and glycolysis
Chlorophyll
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
where are energetic electrons stored?
Chloroplasts containing light-absorbing Molecules (pigments).
self-feeders that make their own food from sunlight .
cannot feed themselves so they eat food to obtain energy.
glucose, for later use through photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Chloroplasts containing light-absorbing Molecules (pigments).
Autotrophs
self-feeders that make their own food from sunlight .
6 terms
Stage one: GLYCOLYSIS
Pyruvate acid
Cytoplasm
Oxygen
2
A glucose molecule is broken down and changed into __________…
This process occurs in the _____________ of the cell ( so bac…
Occurs without __________, so this process is anaerobic
_____ molecules of ATP are created
Pyruvate acid
A glucose molecule is broken down and changed into __________…
Cytoplasm
This process occurs in the _____________ of the cell ( so bac…
18 terms
ROB MicroBio Lecture Ch.05 P2//08 - Glycolysis
glycolysis
sugar-breaking
cytoplasm
glycolysis
1. most cells begin the process of sugar catabolism via ___.…
2. glycolysis means ___ ___.... (Lecture Transcript Slide.3/CH.…
3. glycolysis occurs in the ___ of animal cells.... (Lecture Tr…
4. ___ is an anaerobic process.... (Lecture Transcript Slide.3/…
glycolysis
1. most cells begin the process of sugar catabolism via ___.…
sugar-breaking
2. glycolysis means ___ ___.... (Lecture Transcript Slide.3/CH.…
13 terms
IB Bio 2.8 Glycolysis and Anaerobic Respiration
Cell Respiration
Mitochondria
Anaerobic Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
The controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from orga…
Site of cell respiration
No oxygen present, yields a small amount of ATP, makes alcoho…
Oxygen present, yields a large amount of ATP, makes water and…
Cell Respiration
The controlled release of energy in the form of ATP from orga…
Mitochondria
Site of cell respiration
glycolysis & krebs cycle
glucose
6
3
pyruvic acid
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
how many carbons are there at the end in each pyruvate compou…
what is the name of the (2) compounds produced in glycolysis?
glucose
what molecule does glycolysis start with?
6
how may carbons are there at the beginning of glycolysis?
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