Study sets matching "government american chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "government american chapter 9"

22 terms
American Government Chapter 9
public opinion
public policy
political socialization
mass media
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
Complex process by which people get their sense of political…
A means of public communication reaching a large audience.
public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
public policy
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
12 terms
American Government Chapter 9
public policy pg. 242
pluralistic pg. 243
elite pg. 243
public affairs pg. 245
includes all of the goals that a government pursues in the ma…
made up of several groups with different ... ethnic, religious,…
select, privileged group in a society
those issues and events that concern the people at large
public policy pg. 242
includes all of the goals that a government pursues in the ma…
pluralistic pg. 243
made up of several groups with different ... ethnic, religious,…
24 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Absentee voters
Blanket Primary
Caucus
Closed Primary
Voters unable to vote at their polling place on Election Day…
"Wide open" primary in which every voter receives a ballot li…
(1) Historically, a small meeting of a political party's top…
A primary in which participants must be registered as members…
Absentee voters
Voters unable to vote at their polling place on Election Day…
Blanket Primary
"Wide open" primary in which every voter receives a ballot li…
17 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Cue
Direct Mail
Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act
Incentive
a signal telling the official what values are at stake in an…
A high-tech method of raising money for a political cause or…
1946; intended to allow the government to monitor lobbying ac…
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
Cue
a signal telling the official what values are at stake in an…
Direct Mail
A high-tech method of raising money for a political cause or…
9 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 9
public policy
public affairs
trade association
labor union
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
An interest group composed of companies in the same business…
An organization of workers that tries to improve working cond…
public policy
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
public affairs
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
17 terms
American Government: Chapter 9
principle
suffrage
register
polling place
basic belief
the right to vote
to record or enroll
the location where voting is carried out
principle
basic belief
suffrage
the right to vote
27 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Advocacy ads
Asymmetric information
Countervailing forces
Dealignment
Advertisements run by interest groups for or against candidat…
Imperfect and uneven information.
When smaller interest groups form coalitions to balance out t…
When individuals abandon their party memberships and seek to…
Advocacy ads
Advertisements run by interest groups for or against candidat…
Asymmetric information
Imperfect and uneven information.
17 terms
American Government: Chapter 9 - Terms
income tax
direct tax
indirect tax
budget deficits
tax on what someone earns
tax that is levied on property or a person
a tax paid by one person but then is passed along to another
a situation that results when the government's spending is gr…
income tax
tax on what someone earns
direct tax
tax that is levied on property or a person
Magruder's American Government Chapter 9
public policy
public affairs
trade association
labor union
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
An interest group composed of companies in the same business…
An organization of workers that tries to improve working cond…
public policy
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
public affairs
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
16 terms
American Government & Citizenship Chapter 9, Political Parties
Political Party
Two party system
Third party
Platform
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organi…
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in…
A party that challenges the two major parties.
A series of statements expressing the party's principles, bel…
Political Party
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organi…
Two party system
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in…
10 terms
American Government Chapter 9
interest group
public affairs
public policy
trade association
private organization that tries to influence public policy
events and issues that concern the people at large
All of those things a government decides to do
interest group representing a segment of the business community
interest group
private organization that tries to influence public policy
public affairs
events and issues that concern the people at large
American Government - Chapter 9
interest group
lobbying
centralized groups
confederations
an organization of people who share common political interest…
efforts to influence public policy through contact with publi…
interest groups that have a headquarters usually in Washingto…
Interest groups made up of several independent, local organiz…
interest group
an organization of people who share common political interest…
lobbying
efforts to influence public policy through contact with publi…
Chapter 9 American Government
Yellow Journalism
Virtual Democracy
Agenda Setters
Concentration of Ownership
Form of reporting pioneered in the late 19th century by the H…
Idea that the info superhighway created by the Internet and t…
Media and their ability to determine what issues are consider…
Tendency toward bigger and more coordinated ownership of capi…
Yellow Journalism
Form of reporting pioneered in the late 19th century by the H…
Virtual Democracy
Idea that the info superhighway created by the Internet and t…
39 terms
American Government: Chapter 9
Midterm Election
Primary Election
General Election
Closed primary
congressional elections that do not coincide with a president…
held to select a party's candidate for the general election
a regulary scheduled election involving most districts in the…
a primary election in which voters can participate in the nom…
Midterm Election
congressional elections that do not coincide with a president…
Primary Election
held to select a party's candidate for the general election
11 terms
Chapter 9 American government
yellow journalism
virtual democracy
agenda setters
concentration of ownership
a form of reporting pioneered in the late nineteenth century…
the idea that the information superhighway created by the int…
the media and their ability to determine what issues are cons…
the tendency toward bigger and more coordinated ownership of…
yellow journalism
a form of reporting pioneered in the late nineteenth century…
virtual democracy
the idea that the information superhighway created by the int…
19 terms
chapter 9 american government
yellow journalism
virtual democracy
agenda setters
concentration of ownership
a form of reporting pioneered in the late 19 century by the H…
idea that the information superhighway created by the interne…
the media and their ability to determine what issues are cons…
tendency toward bigger and more coordinated ownership of capi…
yellow journalism
a form of reporting pioneered in the late 19 century by the H…
virtual democracy
idea that the information superhighway created by the interne…
13 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Public Opinion
Socialization
Libel
Conservative
Citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institut…
A process through which individuals assimilate community pref…
A liberal today generally supports political and social refor…
Today this term refers to those who generally support the soc…
Public Opinion
Citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institut…
Socialization
A process through which individuals assimilate community pref…
10 terms
American Government Chapter 9
public policy
public affairs
trade association
labor union
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
An interest group composed of companies in the same business…
An organization of workers that tries to improve working cond…
public policy
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
public affairs
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
20 terms
American Government Chapter 9
political party
mugwumps or progressives
critical or realignment periods
split ticket
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
republican party faction of the 1890s to the 1910s, composed…
a period when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular co…
voting for candidates of different parties for various office…
political party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
mugwumps or progressives
republican party faction of the 1890s to the 1910s, composed…
48 terms
American Government- Chapter 9
bill of rights
establishment clause
free exercise clause
slander
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges which…
part of the First Amendment which prevents the establishment…
part of the First Amendment which protects the individual's r…
false speech
bill of rights
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges which…
establishment clause
part of the First Amendment which prevents the establishment…
73 terms
Abeka American Government Chapter 9
bill of rights
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
James Madison
Baptists
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
Founding Father who won ratification of the Constitution in V…
religious group that influenced the ratification of the Const…
bill of rights
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
73 terms
Abeka American Government Chapter 9
bill of rights
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
James Madison
Baptists
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
Founding Father who won ratification of the Constitution in V…
religious group that influenced the ratification of the Const…
bill of rights
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
34 terms
American Politics and Government Chapter 9
Base Voters
Demosclerosis
Divided Government
Expressive Benefits
Party members who tend to vote loyally for their party's cand…
The collective effect of the sheer number of Washington lobby…
Periods during which at least one house of Congress is contro…
Values or deeply held beliefs that inspire individuals to joi…
Base Voters
Party members who tend to vote loyally for their party's cand…
Demosclerosis
The collective effect of the sheer number of Washington lobby…
9 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 9
public policy
public affairs
trade association
labor union
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
An interest group composed of companies in the same business…
An organization of workers that tries to improve working cond…
public policy
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
public affairs
Events and issues that concern the public at large.
american government chapter 9
what is the grandfather clause?
what is a carpetbagger?
how often are the members of the House…
how many people does each member of th…
a clause in some southern states' constitutions that allowed…
an outsider whose only interest in coming to a place is to wi…
every two years
approximately 600,000 people
what is the grandfather clause?
a clause in some southern states' constitutions that allowed…
what is a carpetbagger?
an outsider whose only interest in coming to a place is to wi…
10 terms
American Government Chapter 9
interest group
public interest groups
single-issue group
lobbyist
any organized group of individuals who share common goals and…
citizen activist groups that try to represent what they deem…
an activist group that seeks to lobby congress on a single is…
an individual who works for a specific interest group or who…
interest group
any organized group of individuals who share common goals and…
public interest groups
citizen activist groups that try to represent what they deem…
19 terms
American Government Chapter 9
which amendment protects interest groups
groups working to shape public policy
events and issues that concern all cit…
this individual saw interest groups as…
1st amendment
interest groups
public affairs
Alexis DE Tocqueville
which amendment protects interest groups
1st amendment
groups working to shape public policy
interest groups
26 terms
A Beka American Government Chapter 9 B - Amendment Numbers
2
3
4
5
Amendment ______ - guarantees the right to keep and bear arms
Amendment ______ - affirms the property rights of American ci…
Amendment ______ - guarantees freedom from unreasonable searc…
Amendment ______ - guarantees that a person may not be forced…
2
Amendment ______ - guarantees the right to keep and bear arms
3
Amendment ______ - affirms the property rights of American ci…
73 terms
Abeka American Government Chapter 9
bill of rights
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
James Madison
Baptists
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
Founding Father who won ratification of the Constitution in V…
religious group that influenced the ratification of the Const…
bill of rights
term for a statement of an individual citizen's legal privile…
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
three documents that form the historical background to Americ…
31 terms
American Government: Chapter 9
bill of rights
Massachusetts Body of Liberties... Englis…
December 15, 1791
establishment clause
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
the three documents that form the historical background to th…
Bill of Rights Day
the clause in the First Amendment which states that Congress…
bill of rights
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
Massachusetts Body of Liberties... Englis…
the three documents that form the historical background to th…
20 terms
GVHS AP American Government Chapter 9
caucus
congressional campaign committee
ideological party
mugwumps (or progressives)
An alternative to a state primary in which party followers me…
Separate committees in Congress for each political party to h…
A political party organization that values principle above al…
One of two major factions, largely within the Republican part…
caucus
An alternative to a state primary in which party followers me…
congressional campaign committee
Separate committees in Congress for each political party to h…
33 terms
BJU American Government Chapter 9
Who was accused of making a "corrupt b…
Who was known for his "front porch" ca…
Nomination method widely used at the l…
Amendment that gave voting rights to a…
Henry Clay
William McKinley
Petition
Fifteenth
Who was accused of making a "corrupt b…
Henry Clay
Who was known for his "front porch" ca…
William McKinley
27 terms
A Beka American Government Chapter 9 A - Bill of Rights & Amendments
bill of rights
Liberties
English
religion
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
3 documents that form the historical background to our Bill o…
3 documents that form the historical background to our Bill o…
1st Amendment - the amendment that guarantees freedom of ____…
bill of rights
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
Liberties
3 documents that form the historical background to our Bill o…
American Government: Chapter 9 Interest Groups
Interest Groups
Majoritarianism
Organizational Sclerosis
Social Movements
Organizations seeking to directly influence government policy.
Tendency of democratic governments to allow the faint perfren…
Society encrusted with so many special benefits to interest g…
Organized movements of persons who make "collective claims" o…
Interest Groups
Organizations seeking to directly influence government policy.
Majoritarianism
Tendency of democratic governments to allow the faint perfren…
15 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Federal Bureaucracy
Civil service system
Independent regulatory commission
Departments
The thousands of federal government agencies and institutions…
The merit system by which many federal bureaucrats are selected
An entity created by congress outside a major executive depar…
Major administrative units with responsibility for a broad ar…
Federal Bureaucracy
The thousands of federal government agencies and institutions…
Civil service system
The merit system by which many federal bureaucrats are selected
106 terms
American Government Chapter 9
bill of rights
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
responsibility, duty.
Amendment 1
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
three documents that form the historical background to our Bi…
for every right, there is a _________________, for every priv…
Freedom of Religion, of Speech, and of the Press: Right of Pe…
bill of rights
a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Engli…
three documents that form the historical background to our Bi…
32 terms
American Government - Chapter 9
Revenue
Tax
Exemption
Deduction
the total income of a business or a unit of government
a required payment to local, state, or national government, u…
an amount of income on which he government does not levy a tax
in income tax policy, any business or personal expense or los…
Revenue
the total income of a business or a unit of government
Tax
a required payment to local, state, or national government, u…
American Government Chapter 9
public opinion
public policy
political socialization
mass media
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
Complex process by which people get their sense of political…
A means of public communication reaching a large audience.
public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
public policy
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
18 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Power
Authority
Legitimacy
Necessity of compromise
the ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
the right to use power
the legal backing to use power
What is the missing concept of Democracy in American society?
Power
the ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
Authority
the right to use power
Chapter 9 American Government
Nomination
Incumbent
Petition
Independent announcement
Naming candidates for public office
The current office holder
Formal document signed by a specific number of qualified vote…
One desirous of running for a particular office announces his…
Nomination
Naming candidates for public office
Incumbent
The current office holder
15 terms
Chapter 9 American Government vocab
mandate
forum
executive order
impoundment
a formal order given by a higher authority
medium for discussion
a rule issued by the president that has the force of law
the president's refusal to spend money Congress has voted to…
mandate
a formal order given by a higher authority
forum
medium for discussion
60 terms
Chapter 9 American Government
The electoral College
In the 2000 Presidential elections, Al…
A candidate who wins the popular vote…
To win the presidency, a candidate nee…
Protects The small states from being overwhelmed by the large…
Won the popular vote
May yet lose in the electoral college.
270
The electoral College
Protects The small states from being overwhelmed by the large…
In the 2000 Presidential elections, Al…
Won the popular vote
53 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Presidential Primary
Primary Election
General Election
Political Consultant
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
An election in which political parties choose their candidate…
An election, normally held on the first Tuesday in November,…
A paid professional hired to devise a campaign strategy and m…
Presidential Primary
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
Primary Election
An election in which political parties choose their candidate…
American Government Chapter 9
Aggregation
Public opinion
Public policy
Political Socialization
A group, body, or mass composed of many distinct parts or ind…
The aggregation of views shared by a segment of society on is…
The choices he government makes and the actions it takes in r…
Process by which people acquire political beliefs
Aggregation
A group, body, or mass composed of many distinct parts or ind…
Public opinion
The aggregation of views shared by a segment of society on is…
26 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Partisanship
Special Interest
Interest Group
Lobbyist
Taking the side of a party, or espousing a viewpoint that ref…
A pejorative term, often used to designate an interest group…
An organization whose goals include influencing government.
A person who contacts government officials on behalf of parti…
Partisanship
Taking the side of a party, or espousing a viewpoint that ref…
Special Interest
A pejorative term, often used to designate an interest group…
22 terms
American Government Chapter 9
civil law
common law
litigation
plaintiff
this term has two meanings: 1) legislative codes, laws, or se…
judge-made law handed down through the judicial opinions, whi…
any judicial contest, including all the events that lead up t…
the party that chooses to initiate formal legal proceedings i…
civil law
this term has two meanings: 1) legislative codes, laws, or se…
common law
judge-made law handed down through the judicial opinions, whi…
21 terms
American Government Chapter 9
activism
amicus curiae
attorney general
concurring opinion
when judges deliberately shape judicial doctrine to conform t…
friend of the court, a brief filed in a lawsuit by an individ…
the head of the justice department, as the nations chief lega…
a written opinion by a supreme court justice who agrees with…
activism
when judges deliberately shape judicial doctrine to conform t…
amicus curiae
friend of the court, a brief filed in a lawsuit by an individ…
24 terms
American Government Chapter 9
Absentee voters
Blanket Primary
Caucus
Closed Primary
Voters unable to vote at their polling place on Election Day…
"Wide open" primary in which every voter receives a ballot li…
(1) Historically, a small meeting of a political party's top…
A primary in which participants must be registered as members…
Absentee voters
Voters unable to vote at their polling place on Election Day…
Blanket Primary
"Wide open" primary in which every voter receives a ballot li…
43 terms
American Government Chapter 9
australian ballot
battleground state
beauty contest
caucus
a secret ballot prepared, distributed, and tabulated by gover…
a state likely to be so closely fought that the campaigns dev…
a presidential primary in which contending candidates compete…
a meeting of party members designed to select candidates and…
australian ballot
a secret ballot prepared, distributed, and tabulated by gover…
battleground state
a state likely to be so closely fought that the campaigns dev…
17 terms
American Government - Chapter 9
party polarization
Congress
Parliament
Franking privelage
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
A national legislature composed of elected representatives wh…
A national legislature composed of elected representatives wh…
The ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their c…
party polarization
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
Congress
A national legislature composed of elected representatives wh…
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