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Study sets matching "government american judicial branch"

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Study sets matching "government american judicial branch"

40 terms
American Government - Judicial Branch
What jurisdiction does a trial court f…
List the two parties involved in lawsu…
These appellate courts are located in…
These courts help Congress exercise it…
original jurisdiction
Plantiffs and Defendants
US Court of Appeals
Legislative Courts
What jurisdiction does a trial court f…
original jurisdiction
List the two parties involved in lawsu…
Plantiffs and Defendants
24 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Appellate Jurisdiction
Civil Case
Civilian Tribunal
Defendant
Power of the court to review decisions of lower courts
A case involving a contract dispute
Reviews court martial convictions
The person who is brought to court over a complaint
Appellate Jurisdiction
Power of the court to review decisions of lower courts
Civil Case
A case involving a contract dispute
40 terms
American Government - Judicial Branch
What jurisdiction does a trial court f…
List the two parties involved in lawsu…
These appellate courts are located in…
These courts help Congress exercise it…
original jurisdiction
Plantiffs and Defendants
US Court of Appeals
Legislative Courts
What jurisdiction does a trial court f…
original jurisdiction
List the two parties involved in lawsu…
Plantiffs and Defendants
70 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
Inferior Courts
Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Plaintiff
lower federal courts beneath the Supreme Court
authority of a court to hear a case
share the power to hear cases with federal and state courts
person who files the suit
Inferior Courts
lower federal courts beneath the Supreme Court
Jurisdiction
authority of a court to hear a case
18 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Writ of Certiorari
Prosecuting attorney
Plaintiff
Original Jurisdiction
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
The county attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who…
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
Writ of Certiorari
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
Prosecuting attorney
The county attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who…
18 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Writ of Certiorari
Prosecuting attorney
Plaintiff
Original Jurisdiction
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
The county attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who…
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
Writ of Certiorari
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
Prosecuting attorney
The county attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who…
25 terms
American government judicial branch
Federal courts
State courts
Criminal cases
Civil case
A court established by the authority of a federal governemt t…
A court established by the authority of a state to handle cri…
Body of law dealing with the constitutional of offenses and t…
Body of laws of a state or nation dealing with the rights of…
Federal courts
A court established by the authority of a federal governemt t…
State courts
A court established by the authority of a state to handle cri…
51 terms
American Government - Judicial Branch
Supreme Court Justices
Adversarial system
Inquisitorial System
Dual Court System
These people are appointed to their position on the highest c…
Type of court - legal system in which the judge plays a relat…
Type of court - judges take an active role in investigating c…
Separate system of state and federal courts throughout the US…
Supreme Court Justices
These people are appointed to their position on the highest c…
Adversarial system
Type of court - legal system in which the judge plays a relat…
52 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
Dual Court Systems
Jurisdiction
What determines whether the federal co…
Defendant
State and Federal Courts; Article 3 of the Constitution... Infer…
Where cases have to begin (original)
Exclusive- case involving the federal government ... Concurrent-…
The person whom the complaint is made
Dual Court Systems
State and Federal Courts; Article 3 of the Constitution... Infer…
Jurisdiction
Where cases have to begin (original)
20 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Appellate Jurisdiction
Civil Case
Civilian Tribunal
Defendant
Power of the court to review decisions of lower courts
non-criminal case (contract dispute)
Reviews court martial convictions
The person who is brought to court over a complaint
Appellate Jurisdiction
Power of the court to review decisions of lower courts
Civil Case
non-criminal case (contract dispute)
60 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties = Limited Government
Courts serve as main protectors of our…
Rights are NOT absolute, they have lim…
Individual freedoms and protections from government oppression
The more civil liberties the people have, the more limited th…
They protect our rights, but are able to take them away if ar…
Limits to freedom of speech?- Libel and Slander
Civil Liberties
Individual freedoms and protections from government oppression
Civil Liberties = Limited Government
The more civil liberties the people have, the more limited th…
28 terms
American Government - Judicial Branch Notes
Article II of the Constitution
Federal Court System
District Courts
Courts of Appeal
Contains the basis for the judicial branch of government
In order from smallest to largest:... - District Courts... - Courts…
- Established first in the federal court system... - Established…
- Established second in the federal court system... - Establishe…
Article II of the Constitution
Contains the basis for the judicial branch of government
Federal Court System
In order from smallest to largest:... - District Courts... - Courts…
Judicial Branch-American Government
How many tiers are there to the Judici…
What is the title of the Justice with…
What is the title of the Justices with…
Who appoints the Justices?
Superior Courts.... Appellate Courts.... Supreme Court.
The Chief Justice.
The Associate Justices.
The President of the United States
How many tiers are there to the Judici…
Superior Courts.... Appellate Courts.... Supreme Court.
What is the title of the Justice with…
The Chief Justice.
25 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
3 roles of the court
precedents
strict constructionists
loose constructionists
-resolving disputes... -interpreting the law... -setting precedents
action that serve as guidelines of determining what is legal…
laws and Constitution should be interpreted strictly accordin…
Constitution and law should be based on current political and…
3 roles of the court
-resolving disputes... -interpreting the law... -setting precedents
precedents
action that serve as guidelines of determining what is legal…
60 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
concurrent jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
indictment
authority shared by both federal and state courts
authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed by…
the authority of a trial court to be first to hear a case
a formal charge by a grand jury
concurrent jurisdiction
authority shared by both federal and state courts
appellate jurisdiction
authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed by…
15 terms
American Government-Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Supreme Court Justice
Lemon Test
Appellate Jurisdiction
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States,…
Supreme Court justices hold lifetime appointments, and only v…
The lemon test refers to the Supreme Court case in 1971 in wh…
Appellate jurisdiction refers to the 'order of precedence' fo…
Supreme Court
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States,…
Supreme Court Justice
Supreme Court justices hold lifetime appointments, and only v…
37 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
Judicial Branch
Federal... Courts
State courts
Criminal case
Responsible for the interpretation of laws and the administra…
A court established by the authority of a federal government…
A court established by the authority of a state to handle cri…
The body of law dealing with the constitution of offenses and…
Judicial Branch
Responsible for the interpretation of laws and the administra…
Federal... Courts
A court established by the authority of a federal government…
20 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
Amicus Curiae
Number of Supreme Court Justices
Brief
Concurring Opinion
An adviser to the court whom is not actually apart of the case
9 Justices
A legal document that is an overall view of an investigation
An opinion that agrees with the Supreme Court ruling, but the…
Amicus Curiae
An adviser to the court whom is not actually apart of the case
Number of Supreme Court Justices
9 Justices
64 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
False
False
False
Legislative
T or F: A person can never be tried in both federal and state…
T or F: Jury trials are only uses in criminal cases
T or F: The supreme court never has original jurisdiction
P? Propose amendments to the constitution
False
T or F: A person can never be tried in both federal and state…
False
T or F: Jury trials are only uses in criminal cases
17 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
Municipal
County
Supreme
Common Pleas
Conducts preliminary hearings in felony cases and has jurisdi…
Similar in function to municipal courts and serve areas of a…
Court of last resort
Each of the 88 counties has this type of a court to hear crim…
Municipal
Conducts preliminary hearings in felony cases and has jurisdi…
County
Similar in function to municipal courts and serve areas of a…
18 terms
Judicial Branch- American Government
authority to hear and decide a case
Marbury v. Madison
legislative courts
a flaw in an amendment of the Articles…
What does jurisdiction mean?
Where does the Supreme Court get its power of review?
What is another name for the Special Courts?
Why were courts set up?
authority to hear and decide a case
What does jurisdiction mean?
Marbury v. Madison
Where does the Supreme Court get its power of review?
57 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
this clause prevents the US from decla…
flag burning is
clause allowing people to practice wha…
justice agrees with overall decision b…
establishment clause
symbolic speech
free exercise clause
concurring opinion
this clause prevents the US from decla…
establishment clause
flag burning is
symbolic speech
29 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
What is meant by a "federal" court sys…
What are the major provisions of Artic…
Distinguish between a trial and appell…
Describe the structure of the national…
Combination of State and National court systems.
There will be a Supreme Court...and congress figures out the…
Trial courts have 1 judge; Appellate courts have a 3 or 9 jud…
Trial court; Appellate court
What is meant by a "federal" court sys…
Combination of State and National court systems.
What are the major provisions of Artic…
There will be a Supreme Court...and congress figures out the…
62 terms
American Government: Judicial Branch
where is the creation of the national…
how many court systems are there in th…
what are the 2 court systems of the un…
where are most cases that are heard in…
Article 3 section 1
2
1) national judiciary 2) individual state courts
state courts
where is the creation of the national…
Article 3 section 1
how many court systems are there in th…
2
107 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
What is the Judicial Branch?
What article is the Judicial Branch?
What is an "inferior" court?
What are the two types of "inferior" c…
interprets the laws and is made up of courts, including the S…
Article III, Section 1
lower federal court
constitutional and special court
What is the Judicial Branch?
interprets the laws and is made up of courts, including the S…
What article is the Judicial Branch?
Article III, Section 1
41 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
Appeal
Arraignment
Civil Case
Criminal Case
Review of a case by a higher court
Evaluation of guilt of fault
Case involving a dispute that is not a crime
Case involving a crime
Appeal
Review of a case by a higher court
Arraignment
Evaluation of guilt of fault
11 terms
American Government Judicial Branch
What is Compensation?
What is Equity?
What is the Plaintiff?
What is the Defendant?
Being "made whole" for harm caused by another person's acts.…
The use of general rules of ... fairness to settle conflicts. Us…
An individual or a group of people... who bring a complaint agai…
The party who answers the... complaint and defends against it.
What is Compensation?
Being "made whole" for harm caused by another person's acts.…
What is Equity?
The use of general rules of ... fairness to settle conflicts. Us…
39 terms
American Government - Judicial Branch Terms
Appellate Jurisdiction
Arraignment
Bail
Bill of Indictment
Hearing the case in any court of appeal or Supreme Court. A c…
A formal reading of a criminal charging document in the prese…
The temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, so…
A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
Appellate Jurisdiction
Hearing the case in any court of appeal or Supreme Court. A c…
Arraignment
A formal reading of a criminal charging document in the prese…
20 terms
Ch 18 American Government - Judicial Branch
Concurring Opinion
plaintiff
writ of certiorari
civilian tribunal
written by a justice on the winning side to add or emphasize…
the person who files suit
order by the Supreme Court directing lower court to send up t…
a court operating as part of the Judicial branch entirely sep…
Concurring Opinion
written by a justice on the winning side to add or emphasize…
plaintiff
the person who files suit
54 terms
American Government Judicial Branch Quiz
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
district courts
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide courts
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide courts
42 terms
American Government Vocabulary - Judicial Branch
Appeal
Defendant
Due Process
Grand Jury
An application to a higher court for a decision of a lower co…
In a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is br…
The government must act fairly and in accord with established…
A group of 12-24 jurors brought together to determine if the…
Appeal
An application to a higher court for a decision of a lower co…
Defendant
In a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is br…
21 terms
American Government & Citizenship, Chapter 8, Judicial Branch
Circuit
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
The area of jurisdiction for a federal court.
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases.
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
Circuit
The area of jurisdiction for a federal court.
Jurisdiction
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
15 terms
American Government CLEP - Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Supreme Court Justice
Lemon Test
Appellate Jurisdiction
is the highest court in the United States, and its rulings ov…
hold lifetime appointments, and only vacate their ... position i…
refers to the Supreme Court case in 1971 in which it was rule…
refers to the 'order of precedence' for the court system in…
Supreme Court
is the highest court in the United States, and its rulings ov…
Supreme Court Justice
hold lifetime appointments, and only vacate their ... position i…
54 terms
American Government Judicial Branch Quiz
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
district courts
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide courts
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide courts
45 terms
American Government Judicial Branch Test
The lowest level of federal courts, di…
What is an indictment?
Iowa is in which U.S Court of Appeals?
Color of lights? What do they mean?
Petit Juries... Grand Juries
A formal accusation charging someone with a crime
8th Circuit in St. Louis, Missouri
White light- Lawyer has five minutes left to speak... Red light-…
The lowest level of federal courts, di…
Petit Juries... Grand Juries
What is an indictment?
A formal accusation charging someone with a crime
19 terms
8 American Government: Judicial Branch
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
6th Amendment
8th Amendment
No unreasonable searches or seizures with out warrants except…
No one can be held for capital crime with an indictment from…
Right to a fair and speedy trial with impartial jury. Informe…
No cruel or unusual punishments (including money)
4th Amendment
No unreasonable searches or seizures with out warrants except…
5th Amendment
No one can be held for capital crime with an indictment from…
19 terms
American Government ~ Judicial Branch Review
What are the two main functions of the…
Jury
Plaintiff
Defendant
Interprets law and establishes procedures to apply them throu…
Group of citizens not involved in a dispute that help decide…
The part who accuses the other party of the wrongdoing
The person accused of the wrongdoing
What are the two main functions of the…
Interprets law and establishes procedures to apply them throu…
Jury
Group of citizens not involved in a dispute that help decide…
14 terms
American Government 3- Judicial Branch
ORIGIN OF LAW:... court decisions that i…
outline the structure of the american…
laws made by the national or state gov…
the authority to hear certain cases
case law
constitution
statutes
Jursidiction
ORIGIN OF LAW:... court decisions that i…
case law
outline the structure of the american…
constitution
40 terms
Judicial Branch Test (American Government)
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Who the case belongs to
Cases that can only be heard in federal courts
States and Federal courts share power to hear cases
The court in which the case is first heard
Jurisdiction
Who the case belongs to
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Cases that can only be heard in federal courts
30 terms
American government terms judicial branch
Chief John marshall
Chief justice roger taney
Justice earl warren
Chief justice thurgood marshall
United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court h…
Roger Brooke Taney was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme…
Earl Warren was an American jurist and politician, who served…
An associate justice if the united states
Chief John marshall
United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court h…
Chief justice roger taney
Roger Brooke Taney was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme…
58 terms
Judicial Branch Review- American Government
Article of constitution that deals wit…
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Court that has both appellate and orig…
Article 3
Where case began
Court hears a case on appeal from lower court
Supreme court
Article of constitution that deals wit…
Article 3
Original jurisdiction
Where case began
27 terms
American Government Judicial Branch Quiz
the supreme court heads the judicial b…
the united states supreme court may re…
the supreme court has nine members a _…
the constitution sets no qualification…
federal
state
chief justice
senate
the supreme court heads the judicial b…
federal
the united states supreme court may re…
state
17 terms
American Government judicial branch test
US court system today
Federal courts
State courts
Criminal case
Responsible for the interpretation of laws and the administra…
A court establish by the authority of a federal government to…
A court established by the authority of a state to handle cri…
The body of law dealing with the constitution of offenses and…
US court system today
Responsible for the interpretation of laws and the administra…
Federal courts
A court establish by the authority of a federal government to…
24 terms
Formation of the American Government : Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
9
president nominates, senate approves
life
Only court in the United State located in Washington DC
number of justices on the supreme court
how judge becomes a part of the supreme court
term of office for the supreme court
Supreme Court
Only court in the United State located in Washington DC
9
number of justices on the supreme court
31 terms
American Government Judicial Branch Test Review
Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
District Court
Federal Courts
Court that only reviews some cases, usually about the Constit…
Reviews cases to see if the trial court made a mistake
The trial court in the Federal system
Courts that hear disputes about laws that apply to the entire…
Supreme Court
Court that only reviews some cases, usually about the Constit…
Court of Appeals
Reviews cases to see if the trial court made a mistake
28 terms
American Government Unit 5: Judicial Branch
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Civil Case
the territory within which power can be exercised
the authority to hear cases for the first time
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
case that involves disputes between people or groups in which…
Jurisdiction
the territory within which power can be exercised
Original Jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases for the first time
34 terms
Constitutional Foundations of American Government (4) The Judicial Branch
Amicus Curiae briefs
Appellate Jurisdiction
Attorney General
Chief Justice
Legal briefs submitted by "a friend of the court" for the pur…
The jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on…
the principal legal officer who represents a country or a sta…
a spokesperson for the judicial branch; leads the business of…
Amicus Curiae briefs
Legal briefs submitted by "a friend of the court" for the pur…
Appellate Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on…
23 terms
Module 6 -American Government - The Judicial Branch
Appellant
Appellate jurisdiction
Bankruptcy
Briefs
someone who files an appeal; found the original ruling a mist…
the court has the power to review a lower court's decisions;…
a person or organization unable to pay their debts; a court o…
written arguments that illustrate the cause and effect from b…
Appellant
someone who files an appeal; found the original ruling a mist…
Appellate jurisdiction
the court has the power to review a lower court's decisions;…
20 terms
American Government: Chapter 13: The Judicial Branch
district courts
circuit courts
judicial review
judicial activism
The first level of federal court which actually try the cases…
The second level of federal courts, which review the trial re…
The Court's authority to strike down acts that violate the Co…
A vigorous or active approach to reviewing the other branches…
district courts
The first level of federal court which actually try the cases…
circuit courts
The second level of federal courts, which review the trial re…
65 terms
American Government Unit 4: The Judicial Branch
Inferior Courts
Two types of inferior courts congress…
Jurisdiction
What are the six ways a court case fal…
The lower federal courts, those beneath the Supreme Court.
12 Federal Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts)... 94 Federal Dist…
The authority of a court to try and decide a case
If one of the parties involved in the case is:... 1. The United…
Inferior Courts
The lower federal courts, those beneath the Supreme Court.
Two types of inferior courts congress…
12 Federal Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts)... 94 Federal Dist…
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