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Study sets matching "government and politics vocab unit 1"

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Study sets matching "government and politics vocab unit 1"

19 terms
Government and Politics AS Unit 1 People and Politics
What is Democracy?
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Parlimentary Democracy
Any system of government where the people have access to inde…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly (people…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of goverment in which voters elect repersenatives to a…
What is Democracy?
Any system of government where the people have access to inde…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly (people…
20 terms
Unit 1- Government and Politics
Government
Politics
Oligarchy
Autocracy
The institution through which society makes and enforces its…
the process associated with the governance of a country or ,…
Rule by the few. (Examples include S. Africa/Apartheid & Mili…
Rule by one, today we more commonly use terms like Dictatorsh…
Government
The institution through which society makes and enforces its…
Politics
the process associated with the governance of a country or ,…
government and politics unit 1: elections
general elections
first past the post elections
plurality system
additional member system
first past the post elections that elects ruling government
party must get 326 seats for a majority, if do not get 326 se…
An electoral system in which the winner is the person who get…
Mixed system used for elections to the Scottish Parliament, W…
general elections
first past the post elections that elects ruling government
first past the post elections
party must get 326 seats for a majority, if do not get 326 se…
22 terms
Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
government
collective goods
politics
political participation
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
goods and services, such as clean water, that by their nature…
the process determining the leaders we select and the policie…
all the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
collective goods
goods and services, such as clean water, that by their nature…
9 terms
Unit 1 of government and Politics
Conflict
Power
Authority
Legitimacy
Competition between opposing forces, based on the existence o…
The ability to influence the behavior of others usually throu…
The right to influence the behavior of others based on your p…
The righfullness of authority,it is a fair situation.... e.g We…
Conflict
Competition between opposing forces, based on the existence o…
Power
The ability to influence the behavior of others usually throu…
87 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct (Pure) Democracy
Representative (Indirect) Democracy
Constitutional Democracy
Government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
A government in which people elect those who govern and vote…
A government that enforces written limits on government and a…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Direct (Pure) Democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
58 terms
AP Government and Politics: Unit 1
Authority
Bureaucratic View
Democracy
Direct (participatory) democracy
right to use power
View that the government is dominated by appointed officals
government by the people. Demos= people, the rule of many
a government in which all or most citizen participate directly
Authority
right to use power
Bureaucratic View
View that the government is dominated by appointed officals
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Federal System
Legislative Branch is Composed of
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
system of government in which the national government and sta…
congress which consists of the senate and the house of repres…
Separation of Powers
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
Checks and Balances
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
39 terms
Government and Politics AS Unit 1 People and Politics
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Parlimentary Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of goverment in which voters elect repersenatives to a…
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
51 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Government
Democracy
Representation
Majoritarian
The institution through which public policies are made for a…
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that descr…
Rule by majority
Government
The institution through which public policies are made for a…
Democracy
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
14 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1 vocabulary
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Constitutional democracy
Goverent by the people, power vested in the people and is exe…
Gov. Of or by action of voters without representatives or an…
Government that derives its power indirectly from the people…
Government that enforces recognized limits on those who gover…
Democracy
Goverent by the people, power vested in the people and is exe…
Direct Democracy
Gov. Of or by action of voters without representatives or an…
70 terms
Unit 1 Government and Politics
government
living constitution
monarchy
aristocracy
formal vehicle though which policies are made and affairs of…
language of Preamble hasn't changes, it's meaning in practice…
one hereditary king/queen in interest of all of his subjects
power held by the elite
government
formal vehicle though which policies are made and affairs of…
living constitution
language of Preamble hasn't changes, it's meaning in practice…
Government and Politics AS Unit 1 People and Politics
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Parlimentary Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of goverment in which voters elect repersenatives to a…
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
37 terms
AP Government and Politics: Unit 1 Vocabulary
Unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shay's Rebellion
Rights you are born with, natural rights
Weak constitution that governed America during the Revolution…
Meeting in Philly 1787, produced the new constitution
1787 rebellion where ex-revolutionists attempted preventing f…
Unalienable
Rights you are born with, natural rights
Articles of Confederation
Weak constitution that governed America during the Revolution…
18 terms
Government and Politics Unit 1 Terms & Concepts
Constitution
Constitutional Government
Democracy
Limited Government
A plan that sets forth the structure and powers of government…
A government with a constitution... Purpose of this type of gov…
A type of government in which people themselves make decision…
Government limited by the provisions of the constitution
Constitution
A plan that sets forth the structure and powers of government…
Constitutional Government
A government with a constitution... Purpose of this type of gov…
66 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
a commodity or service that is provided without profit to all…
the activities associated with the governance of a country or…
any activity that shapes, affects, or involves the political…
Government
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Public Goods
a commodity or service that is provided without profit to all…
33 terms
AP Government and Politics: Unit 1 Vocabulary
Bicameral Legislature
Block Grant
Categorical Grant
Centralists
Two-house legislation
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
money granted by the federal government to the states for a n…
Those who favor greater national authority rather than state…
Bicameral Legislature
Two-house legislation
Block Grant
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
66 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
a commodity or service that is provided without profit to all…
the activities associated with the governance of a country or…
any activity that shapes, affects, or involves the political…
Government
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Public Goods
a commodity or service that is provided without profit to all…
55 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Political Participation
Single-Issue Groups
Policymaking System
Policy Agenda
The ways in which people get involved in politics... Ex: Voting
Groups so concerned with one issue that members often cast th…
In this system, people shape policies and are then affected b…
Issues that attract the attention of public officials and oth…
Political Participation
The ways in which people get involved in politics... Ex: Voting
Single-Issue Groups
Groups so concerned with one issue that members often cast th…
14 terms
Government and Politics- Unit 1
What is government?
Why do we need government?
Limited government
Rule of law
An organized system to provide order and protection for a nat…
It would be chaos if we didn't have it
Political system in which powers of the government are restri…
Government is based on clear and fairly enforced laws and no…
What is government?
An organized system to provide order and protection for a nat…
Why do we need government?
It would be chaos if we didn't have it
154 terms
AP Government & Politics: Unit 1
government
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
politics
american form of government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
-who gets what, when and how, decision making for policy... -pro…
representative democracy/republic
government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
9 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Federal System
Legislative Branch is Composed of
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
system of government in which the national government and sta…
congress which consists of the senate and the house of repres…
Separation of Powers
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
Checks and Balances
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
121 terms
Unit 1 Vocabulary- AP Government and Politics
Agenda Control
Authority
Coalition
Collective Action
Efforts of the media to select certain events and topics to e…
Arguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with hig…
A combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
Action that takes place in groups and diverges from the socia…
Agenda Control
Efforts of the media to select certain events and topics to e…
Authority
Arguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with hig…
30 terms
Unit 1 American Government and Politics
Government
Public Policy
Legislative Power
Executive Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All of the goals a government sets and the various courses of…
The power to make a law and to frame public policies
The power to execute, enforce, and administer law
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policy
All of the goals a government sets and the various courses of…
40 terms
Government and Politics AS Unit 1 People and Politics
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Parlimentary Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of goverment in which voters elect repersenatives to a…
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
AP Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Articles of Confederation
The Enlightenment
Monarchy
Natural law/Natural rights
The United States' first constitution. The government it form…
The time when man began to use his reason to discover the wor…
A form of government in which political power belongs to one…
A set of principles which govern human interacts as opposed t…
Articles of Confederation
The United States' first constitution. The government it form…
The Enlightenment
The time when man began to use his reason to discover the wor…
46 terms
Government and Politics-Unit 1-People, Politics and Participation.
What does the term democracy mean?
What types of democracies are there?
Define direct democracy
Give an example of where direct democr…
Rule by the people or 'people power'.
Representative democracy ... Liberal democracy ... Totalitarian dem…
Where citizens are given a direct input into the decision mak…
In New England states such as Maine and Massachusetts in the…
What does the term democracy mean?
Rule by the people or 'people power'.
What types of democracies are there?
Representative democracy ... Liberal democracy ... Totalitarian dem…
51 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Constitution
Constitutional Democracy
Democracy
Forms of Government
a body of fundamental principles or established precedents ac…
a system of government in which the limits of political autho…
a system of government by the whole population or all the eli…
set of political systems and institutions that make up the or…
Constitution
a body of fundamental principles or established precedents ac…
Constitutional Democracy
a system of government in which the limits of political autho…
105 terms
US Government and Politics Unit 1
Jamestown VA
Earliest inhabitants of the United Sta…
New Netherlands
New Amsterdam
First settlement in America 1607... From England ... lack of leader…
indigenous people before the settlers... believed to have migrat…
1609 dutch settled ... by Hudson River and Delaware River ... 1st c…
from Finland Germany and Sweden and free blacks ... religious tr…
Jamestown VA
First settlement in America 1607... From England ... lack of leader…
Earliest inhabitants of the United Sta…
indigenous people before the settlers... believed to have migrat…
55 terms
Unit 1 Vocabulary para AP Government and Politics
Political Participation
Single-Issue Groups
Policymaking System
Linkage Institutions
The many different ways that people take part in politics and…
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members ten…
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves. Peo…
The political channels through which people's concerns become…
Political Participation
The many different ways that people take part in politics and…
Single-Issue Groups
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members ten…
Ap Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Bicameral Legislature
Block Grant
Categorical Grant
Centralists
Two-house legislature.
Money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
Money granted by the federal government to the states for a n…
Those who favor greater national authority rather than state…
Bicameral Legislature
Two-house legislature.
Block Grant
Money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
54 terms
Unit 1: Vocabulary Terms - AP Government and Politics
Government
Politics
Political Participation
Majority Rule
The institutions through which public policies are made for a…
The process determining the leaders we select and the policie…
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In…
Government
The institutions through which public policies are made for a…
Politics
The process determining the leaders we select and the policie…
13 terms
Unit 1- Government and Politics
Government
Politics
Who of Politics
What of Politics
institutions that make decisions for a society. They maintain…
Determines whom we select as our government leaders and what…
Voters, candidates, groups, parties
Substance of politics and government (Benefits such as medica…
Government
institutions that make decisions for a society. They maintain…
Politics
Determines whom we select as our government leaders and what…
91 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Accommodative
Anarchists
Anomic groups
Associational groups
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
spontaneous groups formed suddenly as a response to frustrati…
groups formed to represent interests of a particular group. T…
Accommodative
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
Anarchists
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
125 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Accommodative
Anarchists
Anomic groups
Associational groups
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
spontaneous groups formed suddenly as a response to frustrati…
groups formed to represent interests of a particular group. T…
Accommodative
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
Anarchists
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
10 terms
Government and Politics: Unit 1
democracy
authoritarian regime
franchise/suffrage
elitism
rule by people
non-democratic system, strong central control and direction
the right to vote
belief that society should be governed by a small or select g…
democracy
rule by people
authoritarian regime
non-democratic system, strong central control and direction
125 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics Unit 1 Vocabulary
Accommodative
Anarchists
Anomic groups
Associational groups
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
spontaneous groups formed suddenly as a response to frustrati…
groups formed to represent interests of a particular group. T…
Accommodative
a party system that has mixed characteristics of a certain ki…
Anarchists
communitarians - societies that are naturally close-knit comm…
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
constitutional democracy
Government by the people, either directly or indirectly, with…
Government in which citizens come together to discuss and pas…
Government that derives its powers indirectly from the people…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
democracy
Government by the people, either directly or indirectly, with…
direct democracy
Government in which citizens come together to discuss and pas…
47 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Government
Public goods
Political Participation (methods)
Policy Agenda
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Highways and pubic parks. Things that can be shared by everyo…
The ways in which people get involved in politics. Voting, pu…
The Issues that attract the serious attention of public offic…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
Highways and pubic parks. Things that can be shared by everyo…
66 terms
Unit 1 Government and Politics
Government
What are the Five Functions Government…
Politics
Political participation
The institutions that make decisions for society.
1. Maintain National Defense ... 2.Provide public services... 3. Pr…
Determines how/whom we select as our government leaders and w…
All the activities by which citizen citizens attempt to influ…
Government
The institutions that make decisions for society.
What are the Five Functions Government…
1. Maintain National Defense ... 2.Provide public services... 3. Pr…
Government & Politics Unit 1 Review
Albany
articles
ArticlesofConfederation
billofrights
Benjamin Franklin's proposal for the creation of an annual co…
an outline of the three branches of the federal government is…
The meeting of delegates in Philadelphia in 1787, which later…
a _____ was eventually created as a result of Anti-Federalist…
Albany
Benjamin Franklin's proposal for the creation of an annual co…
articles
an outline of the three branches of the federal government is…
64 terms
US Government and Politics Unit 1
bands
chief
Code of Hammurabi
divine right theory
small groups of families who live together in a certain area.
is a title given to the leader of the tribe.
is one of the first own codes of law.
it argues that government originated when God(or the gods) or…
bands
small groups of families who live together in a certain area.
chief
is a title given to the leader of the tribe.
17 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Government
Interest Groups
Single Issue Interest Groups
Linkage Institutions
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Organization of people with shared policy goals entering the…
Groups with narrow interests, don't like compromise, gain mem…
Access points when issues and people's policy preferences get…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Interest Groups
Organization of people with shared policy goals entering the…
65 terms
AP Government and Politics: Constitutional Underpinnings (Unit 1)
Aristotle
Authority
Bureaucracy
Citizen Participation
A philosopher who came up with the definition of democracy: "…
The right to use power
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.
A process which provides individuals an opportunity to influe…
Aristotle
A philosopher who came up with the definition of democracy: "…
Authority
The right to use power
54 terms
Government and Politics Unit 1
What are the building blocks of a civi…
Define: Social Capital.
6 forms of civic engagement.
Define: Electoral Specialist.
Social clubs and civic organizations.
Connections among individuals that are forged through their p…
- Attend public meeting.... - Volunteer in political campaign.... -…
People in this group volunteer in political campaigns and try…
What are the building blocks of a civi…
Social clubs and civic organizations.
Define: Social Capital.
Connections among individuals that are forged through their p…
20 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS UNIT 1
Public Opinion
Valence issues
Wedge Issues
Saliency
Collective set of beliefs the public holds
concerns or policies that are viewed in the same way by peopl…
sharply divide the public (i.e. gun control, abortion)
importance to an individual or group
Public Opinion
Collective set of beliefs the public holds
Valence issues
concerns or policies that are viewed in the same way by peopl…
54 terms
Government and Politics AS Level Unit 1
Alignment
Dealignment
Realignment
Partisan Alignment
the long term and consistent inclination to vote for a partic…
the breakdown of the long term and consistent inclination to…
the development of new long term attachments between voters a…
the long term psychological attachment developed by voters to…
Alignment
the long term and consistent inclination to vote for a partic…
Dealignment
the breakdown of the long term and consistent inclination to…
20 terms
Edexcel Government and politics AS unit1 people and politics
Proportional Representation
Plurality Systems
Alternative vote (AV)
Electoral system
This describes any electoral system that converts votes into…
Electoral systems where the winning candidate does not requir…
A procedure for selecting a candidate who can command a major…
A system that converts votes in an election into seats. it ma…
Proportional Representation
This describes any electoral system that converts votes into…
Plurality Systems
Electoral systems where the winning candidate does not requir…
18 terms
Government and Politics Unit 1 Terms & Concepts
Constitution
Constitutional Government
Democracy
Limited Government
A plan that sets forth the structure and powers of government
A government with a constitution
A type of government in which people themselves make decisions
Government limited by the provisions of the constitution
Constitution
A plan that sets forth the structure and powers of government
Constitutional Government
A government with a constitution
37 terms
Government & Politics Unit 1
Class View
Elitist Power
Bureaucratic
Pluralist
Government is influenced by economic elites- those who contro…
Tied to those in government making decisions based on politic…
Government power is in the hands of a small group of bureaucr…
No single group dominates politics; resources are too widely…
Class View
Government is influenced by economic elites- those who contro…
Elitist Power
Tied to those in government making decisions based on politic…
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