Study sets matching "government ap us gov united"

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Study sets matching "government ap us gov united"

68 terms
AP Gov - Unit 1 Underpinnings of US Government
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
Institutions and processes through which public policies are…
good that individuals cannot be excluded from use and use by…
process by which we select out gov. leaders and policies thes…
all the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
Institutions and processes through which public policies are…
Public Goods
good that individuals cannot be excluded from use and use by…
39 terms
HCHS AP US Government- Unit 2 (Foundations of US Gov't)
From where do governments derive their…
Against whom was the U.S. declaring in…
According to the Declaration, what is…
When does the Declaration say it's OK…
the consent of the governed, or the people who live under tha…
England/Great Britain
to secure these rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of hap…
When government no longer protects life, liberty, and the pur…
From where do governments derive their…
the consent of the governed, or the people who live under tha…
Against whom was the U.S. declaring in…
England/Great Britain
AP Government Unit 1 - Intro to US Gov't (Kushida)
Politics
Collective Goods
Maintain a national defense
Provide public goods and services
- The process by which we select our governmental leaders and…
- Goods provided by the government, such as clean air and cle…
- One of the five main functions of government. ... - The govern…
- One of the five main functions of government. ... - Government…
Politics
- The process by which we select our governmental leaders and…
Collective Goods
- Goods provided by the government, such as clean air and cle…
AP Gov Unit 1 - Introduction to US Government
Articles of Confederation
Weakness of the Articles of the Confed…
Shay's Rebellion
John Locke
state power emphasized; loose association of the 13 states; a…
no strong central government; no levy taxes (voluntary); no a…
people used it to scare and motivate others to make constitut…
consent of the governed; natural rights (born with rights)
Articles of Confederation
state power emphasized; loose association of the 13 states; a…
Weakness of the Articles of the Confed…
no strong central government; no levy taxes (voluntary); no a…
ap gov unit 1: constitutional underpinnings of the US government
antifederalists
articles of confederation
bill of rights
checks and balances
people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution; oppo…
foundation of constitution ratified by 13 original states (17…
first 10 amendments of the constitution
powers that each branch of government has to counteract the o…
antifederalists
people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution; oppo…
articles of confederation
foundation of constitution ratified by 13 original states (17…
76 terms
AP Gov Unit 1 Constitutional Underpinnings of US Government Vocabulary
American Dream
Citizen
Civil Society
Conservative
An American ideal of a happy, successful life, which often in…
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
society considered as a community of citizens linked by commo…
One who favors limited government intervention, particularly…
American Dream
An American ideal of a happy, successful life, which often in…
Citizen
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
AP Gov Introduction to Nature of US Government
Marxist view who governs
Power elitist view of who governs
Bureaucratic view of who governs
pluralist view of who governs
those who own the means of production, controlling the econom…
A few top leaders, drawn from the major sectors of the United…
appointed civil servants will control the government, without…
competition among affected interests shapes public policy dec…
Marxist view who governs
those who own the means of production, controlling the econom…
Power elitist view of who governs
A few top leaders, drawn from the major sectors of the United…
41 terms
AP Gov: Constitutional Underpinnings of US Government
Antifederalists
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Checks and balances
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the s…
First constitution in US, established a national legislature,…
The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, drafted in re…
Features of the Constituion that limit government's power by…
Antifederalists
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the s…
Articles of Confederation
First constitution in US, established a national legislature,…
26 terms
AP US Gov 3 Branches of Government
judicial
Supreme Court; judicial
9 justices and federal judges
9 justices and federal judges; judicial
Supreme Court and federal courts
9 justices
Appointed by the president and approved by the senate in judi…
Serve for life
judicial
Supreme Court and federal courts
Supreme Court; judicial
9 justices
7 terms
AP US Gov Institutions of the National Government: Bureaucracy
bureaucracy
cabinet
civil service
independent agencies
a large complex organization composed of appointed officials
an advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
a system of hiring and promoting based on the merit principle…
the part of the government that is not accounted for by cabin…
bureaucracy
a large complex organization composed of appointed officials
cabinet
an advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
23 terms
AP US Gov- Ch.1 Government
Government
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Polity
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Form of government that is ruled by 1 person.
Form of government that is ruled by few.
Form of government that is ruled by many. (General population)
Government
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Monarchy
Form of government that is ruled by 1 person.
Forms & Characteristics of Government (AP US GOV)
autocracy
3 types autocracy
monarchy
monarchy pure or corrupt?
single person holds unlimited power
monarchy, authoritarian, totalitarian
type of autocracy - king/queen has power to rule
pure
autocracy
single person holds unlimited power
3 types autocracy
monarchy, authoritarian, totalitarian
35 terms
AP US gov unit
Twenty- second amendment
impeachment
watergate
Twenty- fifth amendment
passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents two term…
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
passed in 1967, the amendment that permits the vice president…
Twenty- second amendment
passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents two term…
impeachment
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
12 terms
AP Gov Lesson 2: Intro to US Government
government
politics
5 functions of government
policy
refers to institutions that make decisions for society (presi…
refers to the organized struggle for power & control over and…
national defense... public goods... order... socialize citizens/educat…
the decisions government makes
government
refers to institutions that make decisions for society (presi…
politics
refers to the organized struggle for power & control over and…
AP Comparative Government - US Gov. Vocab.
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
AP Gov.: Constitutional Foundations of the United States Government, What Influenced the US Government
Greece and Rome
Magna Carta, 1215
Parliament
Petition of Rights, 1628
Democratic government began in Greece and Rome; heavily influ…
This was the first attempt to limit the British Monarchy and…
The parliament of Britain became the major lawmaking body of…
This extended the protection of the Magna Carta to commoners.…
Greece and Rome
Democratic government began in Greece and Rome; heavily influ…
Magna Carta, 1215
This was the first attempt to limit the British Monarchy and…
AP Gov: Important Figures in US Government
President *
Vice President *
Department of State *
Department of Defense *
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
John Kerry
Ashton Carter
President *
Barack Obama
Vice President *
Joe Biden
184 terms
AP US Government Unit 1
Where does the word Democracy come from?
What is the definition of Democracy
Who is in charge in a Direct Democracy
What does a Direct Democracy always le…
(Greek) Demos= People, Kratos= Power
Government by the people
The people not representatives
Mob Rule
Where does the word Democracy come from?
(Greek) Demos= People, Kratos= Power
What is the definition of Democracy
Government by the people
45 terms
AP Gov: Constitutional Foundations of the US Government
Democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
constitutional democracy
a system of gov. in which ultimate political authority is ves…
system of gov. in which political decisions are made by the p…
representatives are elected to make choices
system of government based on popular sovereignty. Structures…
Democracy
a system of gov. in which ultimate political authority is ves…
direct democracy
system of gov. in which political decisions are made by the p…
20 terms
The Theory of Modern Government(AP US Gov and Politics)
Conservative
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Direct Democracy
Elite and Class Theory
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
type of government characterized by citizens attending a town…
A group theory that revolves around an economic stratum of so…
Conservative
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
43 terms
AP Gov. and Politics Key Figures in the US Government
Kerry
Lew
Carter
Lynch
Secretary of State
Secretary of Treasury
Secretary of Defense
Attorney General
Kerry
Secretary of State
Lew
Secretary of Treasury
93 terms
Unit 1 AP US Government
What are the functions of national gov…
Government
Public goods
What are some examples of restricted (…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
Goods shared by everyone
College education and medical care
What are the functions of national gov…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Government
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
Institutions of Government AP US Gov Exam
Appointment Power
Bully Pulpit
Cabinet
Chief Executive
President can appoint federal judges, ambassadors, and suprem…
the ability to use the office of presidency to promote a part…
part of the "unwritten constitution," it was first establishe…
used to describe president. Powers found in article 2
Appointment Power
President can appoint federal judges, ambassadors, and suprem…
Bully Pulpit
the ability to use the office of presidency to promote a part…
AP US Government Unit 2
Strict scrutiny
Korematsu v US (1943)
Dred Scott v Sanford (1877)
13th Amendment
If you are treating people differently by race, the governmen…
Allowed for internment of Japanese Americans after bombing of…
Decision that African-Americans did not have the rights of wh…
No slavery
Strict scrutiny
If you are treating people differently by race, the governmen…
Korematsu v US (1943)
Allowed for internment of Japanese Americans after bombing of…
AP US Government Unit 3
political parties
electorate
organization
government (role of political parties)
groups that have ideological commonalities.They try to run pe…
a group of people under one banner. People self-identify.
office (state, national, local). They raise money, help with…
elected officials. They organize the chamber. The leadership…
political parties
groups that have ideological commonalities.They try to run pe…
electorate
a group of people under one banner. People self-identify.
29 terms
AP Gov Key US Government Officials
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
Denis McDonough
John Kerry
President
Vice President
White House Chief of Staff
Sec of State
Barack Obama
President
Joe Biden
Vice President
AP US Government Unit 1
Government
What Government Does
Types of Government
Liberal/Illiberal Democracy
A set of institutions to govern a state (nation or country)…
Provide public goods... Education... Water... Roads... Collect taxes/ rev…
Aristocracy... Oligarchy... Aristocracy... Plutocracy... theocracy... Democr…
To what degree do the political systems that create democracy…
Government
A set of institutions to govern a state (nation or country)…
What Government Does
Provide public goods... Education... Water... Roads... Collect taxes/ rev…
46 terms
AP Gov 2- Sunset, AP US Government Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constitution
Declaration of Independence
natural rights
consent of the governed
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
rights shared by all human beings, separate from the govt
the idea that govt gets its power and authority from the peoo…
constitution
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
Declaration of Independence
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
AP US Government Unit 1
democracy
direct (participatory) democracy
representative democracy
limited government
a term used to describe a political system in which the peopl…
a government in which all, or most, of its citizens participa…
a political system in which leaders and representatives acqui…
the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on govern…
democracy
a term used to describe a political system in which the peopl…
direct (participatory) democracy
a government in which all, or most, of its citizens participa…
65 terms
AP US Gov Unit 1
democracy
elite and class theory
government
gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so t…
our society (like all others) is divided along class lines, w…
consists of those institutions that make and enforce authorit…
sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced…
democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so t…
elite and class theory
our society (like all others) is divided along class lines, w…
46 terms
AP Gov 2- Sunset, AP US Government Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constitution
Declaration of Independence
natural rights
consent of the governed
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
rights shared by all human beings, separate from the govt
the idea that govt gets its power and authority from the peoo…
constitution
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
Declaration of Independence
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
AP US Gov. Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America
Government
Public goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
goods, such as clean air and clean water that everyone must s…
The process by which we select out governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
goods, such as clean air and clean water that everyone must s…
45 terms
AP US GOV Unit 3
Anti-Federalist
Democratic Republican Party
Divided government
Era of good feeling
An individual who oppose the ratification of the new constitu…
Relating to a major American political party of the early 19t…
Is a type of government in which one party controls the execu…
1817-1827, a phrase coin to buy Colombian centennial a Boston…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who oppose the ratification of the new constitu…
Democratic Republican Party
Relating to a major American political party of the early 19t…
119 terms
AP US Gov Unit 3
Describe what actions a would-be presi…
Media Mentions
Presidential Credentials
Decision to Run
-Media Mentions... -Presidential Credentials... -Decision to Run
media helps identify "presidential timber" years in advance b…
Before a president decides to announce his/her candidacy they…
serious planning, organizing, and fund raising must begin at…
Describe what actions a would-be presi…
-Media Mentions... -Presidential Credentials... -Decision to Run
Media Mentions
media helps identify "presidential timber" years in advance b…
AP US Gov Unit 2
Apportionment
Baker v. Carr
Redistricting
Splintering/Cracking
-the allocation of legislative seats to jurisdiction based on…
-the Supreme Court ruling in which it was mandated that inequ…
drawing of legislative boundary lines following each 10 year…
redistricting in which a strong minority is divided up and di…
Apportionment
-the allocation of legislative seats to jurisdiction based on…
Baker v. Carr
-the Supreme Court ruling in which it was mandated that inequ…
AP US GOV UNIT 1
block grants
categorical grant
grants in aid
revenue sharing
Grants of money from the federal government to states for pro…
Federal grants in which the recipient has little discretion o…
Federal funds provided to states for services such as airport…
A grant-in-aid program that allowed states maximum discretion…
block grants
Grants of money from the federal government to states for pro…
categorical grant
Federal grants in which the recipient has little discretion o…
37 terms
Gov 12 - Institutions of US Government
reapportionment
gerrymander
oversight
expressed powers
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representat…
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose o…
Congressional review of the activities of an agency, departme…
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the…
reapportionment
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representat…
gerrymander
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose o…
40 terms
AP US Gov Unit 6
Reconstruction Era
Reconstruction Amendments
End of Reconstruction
Jim Crow Era
(1865 - 1877)... - Era of National Power... - National Government c…
- 13th: Ended Slavery (1865)... - 14th: Citizenship Rights (1868…
- Election of 1877... - Compromise of 1877... - Hayes gets vote if…
(1880s-1950)... - Era of States' Rights... - Segregation, white sup…
Reconstruction Era
(1865 - 1877)... - Era of National Power... - National Government c…
Reconstruction Amendments
- 13th: Ended Slavery (1865)... - 14th: Citizenship Rights (1868…
47 terms
AP US Gov Unit 4
Federalist Paper #78
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison (1803) (Court Era,…
Judicial Review
Established the Judicial Branch as the "least dangerous" bran…
Part of Article III; Established Lower Courts... - 1 Chief Justi…
- Marshall Court... - Election of 1800; Adams (Fed) v. Jefferson…
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity…
Federalist Paper #78
Established the Judicial Branch as the "least dangerous" bran…
Judiciary Act of 1789
Part of Article III; Established Lower Courts... - 1 Chief Justi…
38 terms
AP US Gov Unit 5
Name the search and seizure court cases
Name the rights of the accused court c…
Name the freedom of religion court cases
Chimel v. California
Chimel v. California... Cupp v. Murphy... Terry v. Ohio... Mapp v. Ohi…
Gideon v. Wainwright... Escobedo v. Illinois... Miranda v. Arizona
Lemon v. Kurtzman... County of Allegheny v. ACLU... Reynolds v. U.S…
- Warrant-less search incident to an arrest... - H: Chimel arres…
Name the search and seizure court cases
Chimel v. California... Cupp v. Murphy... Terry v. Ohio... Mapp v. Ohi…
Name the rights of the accused court c…
Gideon v. Wainwright... Escobedo v. Illinois... Miranda v. Arizona
64 terms
AP US Gov, government in america, chp 8, 9, 10
Rational choice theory
blanket primary
coalition
coalition government
-both parties and voters attempt to make best choice to achei…
list of candidates from both parties. Cross selection allowed
groups and people supporting a political party
a government where a small third party(s) combines with a lar…
Rational choice theory
-both parties and voters attempt to make best choice to achei…
blanket primary
list of candidates from both parties. Cross selection allowed
54 terms
AP US Gov Unit 3
501c(4) organization
527 organization
AARP
ACLU
tax-exempt groups that can participate in political campaigns…
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
American Association of Retired Persons; Nationwide organizat…
It defends and preserves the individual rights and liberties…
501c(4) organization
tax-exempt groups that can participate in political campaigns…
527 organization
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
29 terms
AP US GOV Unit 2
Alexis de Tocqueville
Conflictual political culture
Consensual political culture
Core American values
French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. Best kno…
In which different groups clash with opposing believes and va…
Is a climate in which large majority of citizens agree on maj…
Are the fundamental beliefs and constitutional principles of…
Alexis de Tocqueville
French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. Best kno…
Conflictual political culture
In which different groups clash with opposing believes and va…
61 terms
US Gov AP Unit 1
Political culture
Elements of Political culture
Class consciousness
Direct democracy
a patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
liberty, equality, democracy, civil duty, individual responsi…
belief that one is a member of an economic group whose intere…
people decide directly on referendum issues by votes
Political culture
a patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
Elements of Political culture
liberty, equality, democracy, civil duty, individual responsi…
27 terms
AP US Gov. Unit 1
Linkage institution
Elitism
Pluralism
Hyperpluralism
The political channels that get people's political issues on…
A theory where the elite are the only people fit to run the g…
A theory where politics is a struggle between different inter…
A theory where the interest groups fighting for political con…
Linkage institution
The political channels that get people's political issues on…
Elitism
A theory where the elite are the only people fit to run the g…
18 terms
AP US Gov Unit 2
public opinion
demography
census
melting pot
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
science of population changes
Constitution requirement that govt count the population every…
mixture of cultures, ideas, and people
public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
demography
science of population changes
20 terms
AP US GOV Unit 4
political culture
political socialization
opinion leaders
public opinion
a set of basic values and beliefs about one's country or gove…
complex process by which people get their sense of political…
those individuals held in great respect because of their posi…
a collection of shared attitudes of citizens about government…
political culture
a set of basic values and beliefs about one's country or gove…
political socialization
complex process by which people get their sense of political…
AP US Gov Unit 3
Criminal law
civil law
Justiciable disputes
Constitutional courts
government charges individual for violating law
dispute between two parties (contracts, custody, divorce, etc.)
issues capable of being settled as a matter of law
the lower court system (state, district, etc.)
Criminal law
government charges individual for violating law
civil law
dispute between two parties (contracts, custody, divorce, etc.)
US GOV AP UNIT 2
Exit polls
Margin of Error
Political socialization
Population
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
The process through which individuals acquire their political…
The entire group of people whose attitudes a researcher wishe…
Exit polls
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
Margin of Error
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
39 terms
AP US gov unit 4
Incumbents
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
House Rules Committee
Those already holding office
The mighty list of federal projects, grants and contracts ava…
A legislature divided into two houses.
An institution unique to the House of Representatives that re…
Incumbents
Those already holding office
Pork Barrel
The mighty list of federal projects, grants and contracts ava…
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