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Study sets matching "government ap us gov united"

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Study sets matching "government ap us gov united"

39 terms
HCHS AP US Government- Unit 2 (Foundations of US Gov't)
From where do governments derive their…
Against whom was the U.S. declaring in…
According to the Declaration, what is…
When does the Declaration say it's OK…
the consent of the governed, or the people who live under tha…
England/Great Britain
to secure these rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of hap…
When government no longer protects life, liberty, and the pur…
From where do governments derive their…
the consent of the governed, or the people who live under tha…
Against whom was the U.S. declaring in…
England/Great Britain
36 terms
AP Government Unit 1 - Intro to US Gov't (Kushida)
Politics
Collective Goods
Maintain a national defense
Provide public goods and services
- The process by which we select our governmental leaders and…
- Goods provided by the government, such as clean air and cle…
- One of the five main functions of government. ... - The govern…
- One of the five main functions of government. ... - Government…
Politics
- The process by which we select our governmental leaders and…
Collective Goods
- Goods provided by the government, such as clean air and cle…
AP Gov Unit 1 - Introduction to US Government
Articles of Confederation
Weakness of the Articles of the Confed…
Shay's Rebellion
John Locke
state power emphasized; loose association of the 13 states; a…
no strong central government; no levy taxes (voluntary); no a…
people used it to scare and motivate others to make constitut…
consent of the governed; natural rights (born with rights)
Articles of Confederation
state power emphasized; loose association of the 13 states; a…
Weakness of the Articles of the Confed…
no strong central government; no levy taxes (voluntary); no a…
43 terms
ap gov unit 1: constitutional underpinnings of the US government
antifederalists
articles of confederation
bill of rights
checks and balances
people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution; oppo…
foundation of constitution ratified by 13 original states (17…
first 10 amendments of the constitution
powers that each branch of government has to counteract the o…
antifederalists
people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution; oppo…
articles of confederation
foundation of constitution ratified by 13 original states (17…
76 terms
AP Gov Unit 1 Constitutional Underpinnings of US Government Vocabulary
American Dream
Citizen
Civil Society
Conservative
An American ideal of a happy, successful life, which often in…
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
society considered as a community of citizens linked by commo…
One who favors limited government intervention, particularly…
American Dream
An American ideal of a happy, successful life, which often in…
Citizen
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
33 terms
AP Gov Introduction to Nature of US Government
Marxist view who governs
Power elitist view of who governs
Bureaucratic view of who governs
pluralist view of who governs
those who own the means of production, controlling the econom…
A few top leaders, drawn from the major sectors of the United…
appointed civil servants will control the government, without…
competition among affected interests shapes public policy dec…
Marxist view who governs
those who own the means of production, controlling the econom…
Power elitist view of who governs
A few top leaders, drawn from the major sectors of the United…
41 terms
AP Gov: Constitutional Underpinnings of US Government
Antifederalists
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Checks and balances
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the s…
First constitution in US, established a national legislature,…
The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, drafted in re…
Features of the Constituion that limit government's power by…
Antifederalists
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the s…
Articles of Confederation
First constitution in US, established a national legislature,…
26 terms
AP US Gov 3 Branches of Government
judicial
Supreme Court; judicial
9 justices and federal judges
9 justices and federal judges; judicial
Supreme Court and federal courts
9 justices
Appointed by the president and approved by the senate in judi…
Serve for life
judicial
Supreme Court and federal courts
Supreme Court; judicial
9 justices
23 terms
AP US Gov- Ch.1 Government
Government
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Polity
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Form of government that is ruled by 1 person.
Form of government that is ruled by few.
Form of government that is ruled by many. (General population)
Government
The system for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Monarchy
Form of government that is ruled by 1 person.
35 terms
AP US gov unit
Twenty- second amendment
impeachment
watergate
Twenty- fifth amendment
passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents two term…
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
passed in 1967, the amendment that permits the vice president…
Twenty- second amendment
passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents two term…
impeachment
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
29 terms
AP Gov Key US Government Officials
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
Denis McDonough
John Kerry
President
Vice President
White House Chief of Staff
Sec of State
Barack Obama
President
Joe Biden
Vice President
385 terms
AP Comparative Government - US Gov. Vocab.
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
46 terms
AP Gov: Important Figures in US Government
President *
Vice President *
Department of State *
Department of Defense *
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
John Kerry
Ashton Carter
President *
Barack Obama
Vice President *
Joe Biden
53 terms
AP Gov Unit 1: Government
Interstate Compacts
Checks and balances
Delegated Powers
Concurrent Powers
Agreements between states to work together on common issues
Each branch of Government is subject to restraints by other t…
Constitutional powers granted solely to the federal government.
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.... ex…
Interstate Compacts
Agreements between states to work together on common issues
Checks and balances
Each branch of Government is subject to restraints by other t…
45 terms
AP Gov: Constitutional Foundations of the US Government
Democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
constitutional democracy
a system of gov. in which ultimate political authority is ves…
system of gov. in which political decisions are made by the p…
representatives are elected to make choices
system of government based on popular sovereignty. Structures…
Democracy
a system of gov. in which ultimate political authority is ves…
direct democracy
system of gov. in which political decisions are made by the p…
20 terms
The Theory of Modern Government(AP US Gov and Politics)
Conservative
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Direct Democracy
Elite and Class Theory
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
type of government characterized by citizens attending a town…
A group theory that revolves around an economic stratum of so…
Conservative
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
43 terms
AP Gov. and Politics Key Figures in the US Government
Kerry
Lew
Carter
Lynch
Secretary of State
Secretary of Treasury
Secretary of Defense
Attorney General
Kerry
Secretary of State
Lew
Secretary of Treasury
23 terms
Institutions of Government AP US Gov Exam
Appointment Power
Bully Pulpit
Cabinet
Chief Executive
President can appoint federal judges, ambassadors, and suprem…
the ability to use the office of presidency to promote a part…
part of the "unwritten constitution," it was first establishe…
used to describe president. Powers found in article 2
Appointment Power
President can appoint federal judges, ambassadors, and suprem…
Bully Pulpit
the ability to use the office of presidency to promote a part…
93 terms
Unit 1 AP US Government
What are the functions of national gov…
Government
Public goods
What are some examples of restricted (…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
Goods shared by everyone
College education and medical care
What are the functions of national gov…
1. National Defense (army, weapons)... 2. Public Services (share…
Government
Institutions that make decisions for society (Congress, presi…
68 terms
AP Gov US unit
Why are we bi-cameral?
What are "single-member districts"?
Why does the text argue that the US Se…
What are the Enumerated or Expressed P…
we are bi-cameral because it was a compromise between big and…
people from an area elect their representative; house and sen…
the senate is unlike any other elected body in the world beca…
power to tax, borrow money, regulate commerce and currency, d…
Why are we bi-cameral?
we are bi-cameral because it was a compromise between big and…
What are "single-member districts"?
people from an area elect their representative; house and sen…
184 terms
AP US Government Unit 1
Where does the word Democracy come from?
What is the definition of Democracy
Who is in charge in a Direct Democracy
What does a Direct Democracy always le…
(Greek) Demos= People, Kratos= Power
Government by the people
The people not representatives
Mob Rule
Where does the word Democracy come from?
(Greek) Demos= People, Kratos= Power
What is the definition of Democracy
Government by the people
30 terms
Unit 6 AP US Gov
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Barron v. Baltimore
14th Amendment
Freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights/Protections against…
Legal actions that the government takes to create equal condi…
1833 decision that stated the Bill of Right only restrains th…
Amendment that came after the Civil Stating that the Bill of…
Civil Liberties
Freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights/Protections against…
Civil Rights
Legal actions that the government takes to create equal condi…
65 terms
AP US Gov Unit 1
democracy
elite and class theory
government
gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so t…
our society (like all others) is divided along class lines, w…
consists of those institutions that make and enforce authorit…
sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced…
democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so t…
elite and class theory
our society (like all others) is divided along class lines, w…
21 terms
AP US Gov/Pol: Unit 1: Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America
government
public goods
politics
political participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
public goods
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
39 terms
AP US Government Unit 1
democracy
direct (participatory) democracy
representative democracy
limited government
a term used to describe a political system in which the peopl…
a government in which all, or most, of its citizens participa…
a political system in which leaders and representatives acqui…
the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on govern…
democracy
a term used to describe a political system in which the peopl…
direct (participatory) democracy
a government in which all, or most, of its citizens participa…
20 terms
AP US GOV Unit 4
political culture
political socialization
opinion leaders
public opinion
a set of basic values and beliefs about one's country or gove…
complex process by which people get their sense of political…
those individuals held in great respect because of their posi…
a collection of shared attitudes of citizens about government…
political culture
a set of basic values and beliefs about one's country or gove…
political socialization
complex process by which people get their sense of political…
AP US GOV UNIT 6
Bureaucracy
Discretionary Authority
Competitive Service
Name-Request Jobs
system of managing government through departments run by appo…
the extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose coarses…
the government offices to which people are appointed on the b…
a job that is filled by a person whom an agency has already i…
Bureaucracy
system of managing government through departments run by appo…
Discretionary Authority
the extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose coarses…
65 terms
AP US Gov Unit IV Institutions of National Government (Leg, Exec) Bethune
Legislative Branch
Legislative powers... (Article I, Section…
Elastic clause
Powers denied to Congress
not a term just a filler to divide sectionsosdhJVNKLMX O
-Power to tax... -borrow on US credit... -regulate commerce... -establ…
allows Congress to make laws when "necessary and proper" to e…
cannot:... - suspend writ of habeas corpus... -pass bills of attain…
Legislative Branch
not a term just a filler to divide sectionsosdhJVNKLMX O
Legislative powers... (Article I, Section…
-Power to tax... -borrow on US credit... -regulate commerce... -establ…
AP Gov 2- Sunset, AP US Government Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constitution
Declaration of Independence
natural rights
consent of the governed
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
rights shared by all human beings, separate from the govt
the idea that govt gets its power and authority from the peoo…
constitution
a nation's basic law, may be written or unwritten
Declaration of Independence
signed in 1776 it stated the complaints the colonists had tow…
49 terms
AP US GOV UNIT 1
block grants
categorical grant
grants in aid
revenue sharing
Grants of money from the federal government to states for pro…
Federal grants in which the recipient has little discretion o…
Federal funds provided to states for services such as airport…
A grant-in-aid program that allowed states maximum discretion…
block grants
Grants of money from the federal government to states for pro…
categorical grant
Federal grants in which the recipient has little discretion o…
41 terms
AP US GOV, Ch1: Introducing Government in America
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institutions that make authoritative decisions for any gi…
Schools, libraries, weather forecasting, halfway houses, high…
Determines whom we select as our government leaders and what…
The ways in which people get involved in politics
Government
The institutions that make authoritative decisions for any gi…
Public Goods
Schools, libraries, weather forecasting, halfway houses, high…
54 terms
AP US Gov Unit 3
501c(4) organization
527 organization
AARP
ACLU
tax-exempt groups that can participate in political campaigns…
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
American Association of Retired Persons; Nationwide organizat…
It defends and preserves the individual rights and liberties…
501c(4) organization
tax-exempt groups that can participate in political campaigns…
527 organization
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
119 terms
AP US Gov Unit 3
Describe what actions a would-be presi…
Media Mentions
Presidential Credentials
Decision to Run
-Media Mentions... -Presidential Credentials... -Decision to Run
media helps identify "presidential timber" years in advance b…
Before a president decides to announce his/her candidacy they…
serious planning, organizing, and fund raising must begin at…
Describe what actions a would-be presi…
-Media Mentions... -Presidential Credentials... -Decision to Run
Media Mentions
media helps identify "presidential timber" years in advance b…
32 terms
AP US Gov Unit 2
Apportionment
Baker v. Carr
Redistricting
Splintering/Cracking
-the allocation of legislative seats to jurisdiction based on…
-the Supreme Court ruling in which it was mandated that inequ…
drawing of legislative boundary lines following each 10 year…
redistricting in which a strong minority is divided up and di…
Apportionment
-the allocation of legislative seats to jurisdiction based on…
Baker v. Carr
-the Supreme Court ruling in which it was mandated that inequ…
73 terms
AP US Gov- Unit 2
political culture
social capital
political culture characteristics
political socialization
peoples beliefs and attitudes about power, government, and po…
everyone has worth or value; gained through participation
equal opportunity, political equality, democratic consensus,…
process to learn values and beliefs of political culture
political culture
peoples beliefs and attitudes about power, government, and po…
social capital
everyone has worth or value; gained through participation
27 terms
AP US Gov. Unit 1
Linkage institution
Elitism
Pluralism
Hyperpluralism
The political channels that get people's political issues on…
A theory where the elite are the only people fit to run the g…
A theory where politics is a struggle between different inter…
A theory where the interest groups fighting for political con…
Linkage institution
The political channels that get people's political issues on…
Elitism
A theory where the elite are the only people fit to run the g…
39 terms
AP US gov unit 4
Incumbents
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
House Rules Committee
Those already holding office
The mighty list of federal projects, grants and contracts ava…
A legislature divided into two houses.
An institution unique to the House of Representatives that re…
Incumbents
Those already holding office
Pork Barrel
The mighty list of federal projects, grants and contracts ava…
61 terms
US Gov AP Unit 1
Political culture
Elements of Political culture
Class consciousness
Direct democracy
a patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
liberty, equality, democracy, civil duty, individual responsi…
belief that one is a member of an economic group whose intere…
people decide directly on referendum issues by votes
Political culture
a patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
Elements of Political culture
liberty, equality, democracy, civil duty, individual responsi…
18 terms
AP US Gov Unit 2
public opinion
demography
census
melting pot
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
science of population changes
Constitution requirement that govt count the population every…
mixture of cultures, ideas, and people
public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
demography
science of population changes
57 terms
US GOV AP UNIT 2
Exit polls
Margin of Error
Political socialization
Population
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
The process through which individuals acquire their political…
The entire group of people whose attitudes a researcher wishe…
Exit polls
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
Margin of Error
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
37 terms
Gov 12 - Institutions of US Government
reapportionment
gerrymander
oversight
expressed powers
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representat…
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose o…
Congressional review of the activities of an agency, departme…
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the…
reapportionment
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representat…
gerrymander
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose o…
41 terms
AP US gov. Unit 3
Alexis de Tocqueville
Capitalism
Conflictual political culture
Consensual political structure
A French observer of American democracy in the 1830s who iden…
Wealth based on money and capital goods
Different groups clash with opposing beliefs and values
The beliefs and values overlap with each other
Alexis de Tocqueville
A French observer of American democracy in the 1830s who iden…
Capitalism
Wealth based on money and capital goods
40 terms
AP US Gov. Unit 6
Judicial Review
Writ of Certiorari
Stare Decisis
Judicial Activism
the power of the courts to strike down laws that are unconsti…
A decision by the Supreme Court to her an appeal from a lower…
Latin Phrase "let the decision stand." The cast majority of S…
(1) Broad court rulings based on political or personal belief…
Judicial Review
the power of the courts to strike down laws that are unconsti…
Writ of Certiorari
A decision by the Supreme Court to her an appeal from a lower…
17 terms
AP US Gov: The Presidency Unit
Requirement
Term
Presidential Succession
Federal Election Reform Act of 1974
1. at least 35 years old... 2. Natural Born Citizen... 3. Lived in…
At least 4 years .... 22nd amendment
~President, VP, Speaker of House, ... President Pro Tempore... , &…
Created commission to enforce campaign finance laws
Requirement
1. at least 35 years old... 2. Natural Born Citizen... 3. Lived in…
Term
At least 4 years .... 22nd amendment
27 terms
AP US Gov Unit 5
Article III
Requirements
Term of Office
Jurisdiction
Establishes the Judicial Branch ... Section I- Judicial power s…
In Federal govt. there are NO Requirements to be a judge (sen…
Begins term on first monday in october and ends nine months l…
Ability to hear a case
Article III
Establishes the Judicial Branch ... Section I- Judicial power s…
Requirements
In Federal govt. there are NO Requirements to be a judge (sen…
21 terms
AP US Gov. Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America
Government
Public goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
goods, such as clean air and clean water that everyone must s…
The process by which we select out governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
goods, such as clean air and clean water that everyone must s…
68 terms
US Gov AP Unit 2
Articles of Confederation
Structure of the Articles
Weaknesses of the Articles
Shays' Rebellion
Adopted in 1777 during the Revolutionary War, the Articles es…
One house legislature with delegations from each state. State…
No national power to tax, lack of court system, lack of an un…
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachus…
Articles of Confederation
Adopted in 1777 during the Revolutionary War, the Articles es…
Structure of the Articles
One house legislature with delegations from each state. State…
38 terms
US Gov AP UNIT 1
Power vs. Authority
democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
Power=influence... Authority=ability... ex. Black Lives Matter has…
a system of government in which all the people of a state or…
people vote on every issue directly. Each person gets a vote…
people elect representatives to vote on affairs and issues fo…
Power vs. Authority
Power=influence... Authority=ability... ex. Black Lives Matter has…
democracy
a system of government in which all the people of a state or…
44 terms
Unit 3 AP US Gov
1. Describe what actions a would-be pr…
2. Discuss open primaries and closed p…
3. Explain why primaries weakened part…
4. Define: front-end strategy, front l…
may endorse themselves, may put out polls seeing if anyone li…
open primaries= voters are not required to declare party affi…
primaries= elections to choose party nominees for public offi…
front end strategy: a presidential political campaign strateg…
1. Describe what actions a would-be pr…
may endorse themselves, may put out polls seeing if anyone li…
2. Discuss open primaries and closed p…
open primaries= voters are not required to declare party affi…
25 terms
Unit 4 AP US Gov
2. Explain how capitalism and social m…
3. Compare equality of opportunity and…
5. Compare libertarianism and populism.
1. Define: tracking survey, exit poll,…
capitalism= economic system in which a person has the right t…
Equality of opportunity- everyone starts the race at the same…
Libertarians= upholds liberty as its principle objective, see…
tracking survey= a poll taken over a period of time on the sa…
2. Explain how capitalism and social m…
capitalism= economic system in which a person has the right t…
3. Compare equality of opportunity and…
Equality of opportunity- everyone starts the race at the same…
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