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Study sets matching "government chapter 12 political science"

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Study sets matching "government chapter 12 political science"

20 terms
Chapter 12: Political Science
Appropriate
Authorize
Divided Government
Speaker of the House
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
Situation in which one party controls the executive branch an…
Constitutional and political leader of the house.
Appropriate
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Authorize
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
54 terms
Chapter 12: Political Science Concepts and Terms
Federalism
Inherent powers
Judicial review
Loose construction
A system of government that divides powers between a national…
Powers held by a sovereign state. In the United States, these…
The power of a court to review, revise, or overturn laws or d…
Methods of interpreting a text, such as the Constitution (ope…
Federalism
A system of government that divides powers between a national…
Inherent powers
Powers held by a sovereign state. In the United States, these…
56 terms
Political Science chapter 12
reapportionment
redistricting
gerrymandering
majority-minority district
reallocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each…
redrawing of congressional district boundaries within each st…
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit an…
a legislative district composed of a majority of a given mino…
reapportionment
reallocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each…
redistricting
redrawing of congressional district boundaries within each st…
15 terms
Government and politics chapter 12
Twenty-second Amendment
Twenty-fifth Amendment
impeachment
Watergate
Ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
Twenty-second Amendment
Ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
13 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
constitutional authority
statutory authority
vesting clause
head of government
the powers derived from the provisions of the constitution th…
the powers that come from laws giving the president additiona…
article 2 section 1, making president both head of government…
president has authority over executive branch
constitutional authority
the powers derived from the provisions of the constitution th…
statutory authority
the powers that come from laws giving the president additiona…
40 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 12 - The President
advice and consent
appointment power
cabinet
chief diplomat
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments,…
advice and consent
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
32 terms
Government & Politics- Chapter 12
Common Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
Case Law
If a case was unique, judges had to create new rules, but the…
The practice of deciding new cases with reference to former d…
to stand decided cases; obligates judges to follow the preced…
Judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
Common Law
If a case was unique, judges had to create new rules, but the…
Precedent
The practice of deciding new cases with reference to former d…
43 terms
Government and Politics: Chapter 12
Agency Review
Agenda Setting
Attentive Public
Bill
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gov'…
The segment of voters who pay careful attention to political…
A proposed piece of legislation.
Agency Review
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
Agenda Setting
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gov'…
14 terms
Political Science-Chapter 12
Elector
Elector College
Electorate
Front Loading
Member of the Electorate College
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that…
The citizens eligible to vote
The tendency of states to choose an early date on the nominat…
Elector
Member of the Electorate College
Elector College
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
President pro tempore (President pro t…
Party caucus
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
Serves in the Vice President's absence in the Senate; elected…
Closed meeting of a party's House or Senate members; also cal…
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
President of the Senate
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
43 terms
Political Science chapter 12
Speaker of the house
President of the senate
President pro tempore
Party caucus
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice Pres…
the member of the United States Senate, or of the upper house…
a closed meeting of a party's house or Senate members; also c…
Speaker of the house
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
President of the senate
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice Pres…
21 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Postmaterialism
Multicasual
If-Then Statement
Tendency
Theory that modern culture has moved beyond getting and spend…
Several factors making something happen.
Says that two variables are linked: Where X happens, so does Y.
Finding that two variables are linked but not perfectly.
Postmaterialism
Theory that modern culture has moved beyond getting and spend…
Multicasual
Several factors making something happen.
69 terms
Political Science: Chapter 12
Bicameral
Gerrymandering
Conference
Speaker of the House
legislature composed of two chambers or houses; opposite of u…
apportionment of voters in districts in such a way as to give…
a gathering of House Republicans every two years to elect the…
the chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives.…
Bicameral
legislature composed of two chambers or houses; opposite of u…
Gerrymandering
apportionment of voters in districts in such a way as to give…
25 terms
political science chapter 12
why we have bureaucracies
bureaucracy
size of the bureaucracy
problems of the bureaucracy
to manage what the government does
the management or administration of a government through depa…
local (biggest), state, federal (smallest)
issues of legitimacy, concerns of validity, work oriented, re…
why we have bureaucracies
to manage what the government does
bureaucracy
the management or administration of a government through depa…
15 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
civil rights
separate-but-equal doctrine
Jim Crow laws
de facto segregation
The right of individuals not to be discriminated against on t…
The standard used by the Supreme Court to interpret the equal…
Laws that enforced the practice of segregation or discriminat…
Segregation ("in fact") that is a product of private actions…
civil rights
The right of individuals not to be discriminated against on t…
separate-but-equal doctrine
The standard used by the Supreme Court to interpret the equal…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
speaker of the house
president ofthe senate
president pro tempore
party caucus
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
the member of the united states senate or of the upper house…
is a close meeting of the members of each party in each house.
speaker of the house
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
president ofthe senate
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
speaker of the house
president ofthe senate
president pro tempore
party caucus
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
the member of the united states senate or of the upper house…
is a close meeting of the members of each party in each house.
speaker of the house
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
president ofthe senate
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
70 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Regulatory capture involves situations…
A street-level bureaucrat is someone w…
When members of Congress gather inform…
Why is the bureaucracy also known as t…
a bureaucracy is responsive to the interest of the group or c…
directly provides services to Americans
oversight
Their primary responsibility is putting government policies i…
Regulatory capture involves situations…
a bureaucracy is responsive to the interest of the group or c…
A street-level bureaucrat is someone w…
directly provides services to Americans
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 12 Vocab
Affirm
Amicus Curiae Brief
Appellate Court
Broad Construction
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A brief filed by a third party, or amicus curiae, who is not…
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
Amicus Curiae Brief
A brief filed by a third party, or amicus curiae, who is not…
30 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
How has the presidential office change…
What is a challenge to presidential co…
What are executive agreements?
What the President's chief roles?
It's become more powerful.
The number of appointees in the executive branch the presiden…
Agreements made by presidents on their own with foreign count…
Commander in Chief... Chief Executive... Chief Diplomat... Legislative…
How has the presidential office change…
It's become more powerful.
What is a challenge to presidential co…
The number of appointees in the executive branch the presiden…
40 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 12 - The President
advice and consent
appointment power
cabinet
chief diplomat
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments,…
advice and consent
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
15 terms
American Politics and Government Chapter 12
Bureaucratic Pathologies
Central Services Agencies
Civil Servants
Final Rule
The problems that tend to develop in bureaucratic system.
The organizations that supply and staff the federal government.
Members of the permanent executive-branch bureaucracy who are…
The rule that specifies how a program will actually operate.
Bureaucratic Pathologies
The problems that tend to develop in bureaucratic system.
Central Services Agencies
The organizations that supply and staff the federal government.
25 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Political Gridlock
political party
partisanship
party organizartion
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
loyalty to a party that helps shape how members see the world…
the official structure that conducts the political business o…
Political Gridlock
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
political party
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
27 terms
AP Government/Politics: Chapter 12
political gridlock
political party
partisanship
party organization
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
loyalty to a political cause or party
the official structure that conducts the political business o…
political gridlock
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
political party
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
13 terms
Political Science - Chapter 12
Bicameral
Selection of US Senators
Reapportionment
Pork-barrel Legislation
having two branches or chambers of a legislative body
100 members of the senate are elected by their states with tw…
Redistribution of representation in a legislative body, espec…
Appropriations of public funds by Congress for projects that…
Bicameral
having two branches or chambers of a legislative body
Selection of US Senators
100 members of the senate are elected by their states with tw…
10 terms
Political science chapter 12
Whig theory
Stewardship theory
Invisible primary
The unit rule
Weak president
Strong president
How candidates run before they're running
Grants all states to have electoral votes except Nebraska and…
Whig theory
Weak president
Stewardship theory
Strong president
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Speaker of the House
Preisdent of the Senate
President of Protempary
Party Caucus
The elected presiding officer of the house and the acknowledg…
Senate's presiding officer
Serves in Vice President's absense
Closed meeting of members of each party in each house
Speaker of the House
The elected presiding officer of the house and the acknowledg…
Preisdent of the Senate
Senate's presiding officer
42 terms
Chapter 12: Congress - AP Government and Politics
Incumbents
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into 2 houses. The U. S. Congress and e…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
15 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Spoil System
Universalistic Politics
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Bureaucratic Pathologies
Government jobs given out as political favors.
Government by universal rules, impartially applied.
The law that shifted American government toward a merit-based…
The problems that tend to develop in bureaucratic systems.
Spoil System
Government jobs given out as political favors.
Universalistic Politics
Government by universal rules, impartially applied.
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Political Party
Party Organizations
Party Activists
Party Base
A group of citizens united under a label, who recruit, nomina…
The official structure that conducts the political business o…
The "party faithful"; the rank and file members who actually…
Members of a political party who consistently vote for that p…
Political Party
A group of citizens united under a label, who recruit, nomina…
Party Organizations
The official structure that conducts the political business o…
19 terms
political science chapter 12
Bureaucrats who risk their careers to…
In 1883, the legislation that reduced…
The advisory board to the president, m…
the vast majority of federal civilian…
whistle blowers
Pendleton Act
cabinet
general civil service
Bureaucrats who risk their careers to…
whistle blowers
In 1883, the legislation that reduced…
Pendleton Act
29 terms
Chapter 12 Political Science
habeas corpus
State of the Union
executive order
unitary executive
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
a rule of regulation issued by the president that has the for…
constitutional doctrine that proposes that the executive bran…
habeas corpus
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
State of the Union
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
44 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
criminal law
statute
plaintiff
defendant
regulates the conduct of individuals, defines crimes, and spe…
a law
the individual or organization that brings a complaint in cou…
the one against whom a complaint is brought in a criminal or…
criminal law
regulates the conduct of individuals, defines crimes, and spe…
statute
a law
19 terms
Political Science: Chapter 12
Trump Campaign
5 roles of the President
Head of State
Chief Executive
Michelle Fields (reporter), trumps campaign manager Corey Lew…
1. Head of State... 2. Chief Executive... 3. Commander in chief... 4.…
Chief executive who leads the executive branch
Power and responsibility to run the government system, enforc…
Trump Campaign
Michelle Fields (reporter), trumps campaign manager Corey Lew…
5 roles of the President
1. Head of State... 2. Chief Executive... 3. Commander in chief... 4.…
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Nomination campaign
Primary election
General election campaign
General election
Phase of a political campaign aimed at the winning a primary…
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
Phase of a political campaign aimed at winning election to of…
Election in which voters decide which candidates will actuall…
Nomination campaign
Phase of a political campaign aimed at the winning a primary…
Primary election
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
31 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Common Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
Case Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar…
To stand on decided case; the judicial policy of following pr…
Judicial Interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
Common Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
Precedent
A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar…
22 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 12
electorate
mandate
primary election
closed primary
citizens elihable to vote
a command indicated by an electorate votes
election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
a primary election in which only a party's registered voters…
electorate
citizens elihable to vote
mandate
a command indicated by an electorate votes
9 terms
political science chapter 12
babeas corpus
state of union
executive order
unitary executive
legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a time…
annual report to the nation by the president, now delievered…
rule or regulation issued by the president that has the force…
constitutional doctrine that proposes that the executive bran…
babeas corpus
legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a time…
state of union
annual report to the nation by the president, now delievered…
chapter 12 political science
affirm
amicus curiae brief
appellate court
case law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A brief (a document containing a legal argument supporting a…
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
Judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
amicus curiae brief
A brief (a document containing a legal argument supporting a…
38 terms
Chapter 12 Political Science
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
President pro tempore
Party caucus
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
The presiding officer of a senate.
The member of the United States Senate, or of the upper house…
A closed party's House or Senate members.
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
President of the Senate
The presiding officer of a senate.
47 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
bill
delegate
constituent
trustee
draft of a proposed law
a type of representation in which legislators simply reflect…
a resident of the district or state represented by a member o…
a type of representation in which legislators exercise judgme…
bill
draft of a proposed law
delegate
a type of representation in which legislators simply reflect…
39 terms
political science chapter 12
constitutional government
constitution
codified constitution
constitutional conventions
a government that consistently acts in accordance with establ…
the fundamental rules and principles by which a state is gove…
a constitution whose major provisions are set out in a formal…
fundamental principles that are consistently followed even th…
constitutional government
a government that consistently acts in accordance with establ…
constitution
the fundamental rules and principles by which a state is gove…
9 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
habeas corpus
treaty
institutional presidency
Chief of Staff
legal document saying a person who is arrested must have a he…
formal agreement between two or more countries in the US
designed to help the president carry out his responsibilities
presidents right hand, organizing much of what the president…
habeas corpus
legal document saying a person who is arrested must have a he…
treaty
formal agreement between two or more countries in the US
42 terms
Political science chapter 12
Seaker of the house
President of the senate
Presidents pro tempore
Party caucus
An ackowledged leader in its majority party
The senates presiding officer
Who serves In Vice Presidents absence
Closed meeting of the members of each party in each house
Seaker of the house
An ackowledged leader in its majority party
President of the senate
The senates presiding officer
Chapter 12- Political Science
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
President pro tempore
Party caucus
...
The chief public representative of a country, such as a presi…
A high-ranking senator of the majority party who presides ove…
a meeting at which local members of a political party registe…
Speaker of the House
...
President of the Senate
The chief public representative of a country, such as a presi…
28 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
President pro tempore (President pro t…
Party caucus
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
Serves in the Vice President's absence in the Senate; elected…
Closed meeting of a party's House or Senate members; also cal…
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
President of the Senate
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
speaker of the house
president ofthe senate
president pro tempore
party caucus
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
the member of the united states senate or of the upper house…
is a close meeting of the members of each party in each house.
speaker of the house
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
president ofthe senate
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
26 terms
chapter 12 political science
speaker of the house
president of the senate
president pro tempore (president pro t…
party caucus
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
Serves in the Vice President's absence in the Senate; elected…
Closed meeting of a party's House or Senate members; also cal…
speaker of the house
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
president of the senate
Constitution makes the Vice President the President of the Se…
26 terms
Chapter 12 political science
Speaker of the house
President of the senate
President pro tempore
Party caucus
the appearance in a phenotype of a characteristic or effect a…
the process by which the information in a strand of is copied…
a molecular component of a ribosome
a meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber…
Speaker of the house
the appearance in a phenotype of a characteristic or effect a…
President of the senate
the process by which the information in a strand of is copied…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
speaker of the house
president ofthe senate
president pro tempore
party caucus
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
the member of the united states senate or of the upper house…
is a close meeting of the members of each party in each house.
speaker of the house
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
president ofthe senate
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
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