Study sets matching "government chapter 12 political science"

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Study sets matching "government chapter 12 political science"

Political Science- Chapter 12
Party labels
Party in government
Party organization
Party in the electorate
offer a serviceable shorthand cue that keeps voting decisions…
an alliance of current officeholders cooperating to shape pub…
dedicated to electing the party's candidates
composed of those voters who identify with the party and regu…
Party labels
offer a serviceable shorthand cue that keeps voting decisions…
Party in government
an alliance of current officeholders cooperating to shape pub…
Chapter 12: Political Science
Appropriate
Authorize
Divided Government
Speaker of the House
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
Situation in which one party controls the executive branch an…
Constitutional and political leader of the house.
Appropriate
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Authorize
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
56 terms
Political Science chapter 12
reapportionment
redistricting
gerrymandering
majority-minority district
reallocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each…
redrawing of congressional district boundaries within each st…
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit an…
a legislative district composed of a majority of a given mino…
reapportionment
reallocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each…
redistricting
redrawing of congressional district boundaries within each st…
23 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Motor Voter Bill
Voter Mobilization
Prospective Voting
Retrospective Voting
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
a party's efforts to inform potential voters about issues and…
basing voting decisions on well informed opinions and conside…
basing voting decisions on reactions to past performance; app…
Motor Voter Bill
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
Voter Mobilization
a party's efforts to inform potential voters about issues and…
Political Science Chapter 12
constitutional authority
statutory authority
vesting clause
head of government
the powers derived from the provisions of the constitution th…
the powers that come from laws giving the president additiona…
article 2 section 1, making president both head of government…
president has authority over executive branch
constitutional authority
the powers derived from the provisions of the constitution th…
statutory authority
the powers that come from laws giving the president additiona…
14 terms
Political Science-Chapter 12
Elector
Elector College
Electorate
Front Loading
Member of the Electorate College
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that…
The citizens eligible to vote
The tendency of states to choose an early date on the nominat…
Elector
Member of the Electorate College
Elector College
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that…
15 terms
Government and politics chapter 12
Twenty-second Amendment
Twenty-fifth Amendment
impeachment
Watergate
Ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
Twenty-second Amendment
Ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
Political Science: Chapter 12
Bicameral
Gerrymandering
Conference
Speaker of the House
legislature composed of two chambers or houses; opposite of u…
apportionment of voters in districts in such a way as to give…
a gathering of House Republicans every two years to elect the…
the chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives.…
Bicameral
legislature composed of two chambers or houses; opposite of u…
Gerrymandering
apportionment of voters in districts in such a way as to give…
43 terms
Political Science chapter 12
Speaker of the house
President of the senate
President pro tempore
Party caucus
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice Pres…
the member of the United States Senate, or of the upper house…
a closed meeting of a party's house or Senate members; also c…
Speaker of the house
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen…
President of the senate
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice Pres…
43 terms
Government and Politics: Chapter 12
Agency Review
Agenda Setting
Attentive Public
Bill
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gov'…
The segment of voters who pay careful attention to political…
A proposed piece of legislation.
Agency Review
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
Agenda Setting
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gov'…
Political Science Chapter 12
Postmaterialism
Multicasual
If-Then Statement
Tendency
Theory that modern culture has moved beyond getting and spend…
Several factors making something happen.
Says that two variables are linked: Where X happens, so does Y.
Finding that two variables are linked but not perfectly.
Postmaterialism
Theory that modern culture has moved beyond getting and spend…
Multicasual
Several factors making something happen.
40 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 12 - The President
advice and consent
appointment power
cabinet
chief diplomat
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments,…
advice and consent
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
15 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
civil rights
separate-but-equal doctrine
Jim Crow laws
de facto segregation
The right of individuals not to be discriminated against on t…
The standard used by the Supreme Court to interpret the equal…
Laws that enforced the practice of segregation or discriminat…
Segregation ("in fact") that is a product of private actions…
civil rights
The right of individuals not to be discriminated against on t…
separate-but-equal doctrine
The standard used by the Supreme Court to interpret the equal…
32 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
From the Pro and Con section, which vi…
Which judicial decision allowed for st…
What is judicial review and who has th…
The following are examples of Special…
Judicial activism
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989)
The authority, held by the federal courts, to determine the c…
All of the above
From the Pro and Con section, which vi…
Judicial activism
Which judicial decision allowed for st…
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989)
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 12 Vocab
Affirm
Amicus Curiae Brief
Appellate Court
Broad Construction
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A brief filed by a third party, or amicus curiae, who is not…
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
Amicus Curiae Brief
A brief filed by a third party, or amicus curiae, who is not…
30 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
How has the presidential office change…
What is a challenge to presidential co…
What are executive agreements?
What the President's chief roles?
It's become more powerful.
The number of appointees in the executive branch the presiden…
Agreements made by presidents on their own with foreign count…
Commander in Chief... Chief Executive... Chief Diplomat... Legislative…
How has the presidential office change…
It's become more powerful.
What is a challenge to presidential co…
The number of appointees in the executive branch the presiden…
Political Science Chapter 12
Regulatory capture involves situations…
A street-level bureaucrat is someone w…
When members of Congress gather inform…
Why is the bureaucracy also known as t…
a bureaucracy is responsive to the interest of the group or c…
directly provides services to Americans
oversight
Their primary responsibility is putting government policies i…
Regulatory capture involves situations…
a bureaucracy is responsive to the interest of the group or c…
A street-level bureaucrat is someone w…
directly provides services to Americans
42 terms
Chapter 12: Congress - AP Government and Politics
Incumbents
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into 2 houses. The U. S. Congress and e…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
AP Government and Politics (Chapter 12)
Twenty-second Amendment
Twenty-fifth Amendment
impeachment
Watergate
ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
Twenty-second Amendment
ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Twenty-fifth Amendment
ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
15 terms
American Politics and Government Chapter 12
Bureaucratic Pathologies
Central Services Agencies
Civil Servants
Final Rule
The problems that tend to develop in bureaucratic system.
The organizations that supply and staff the federal government.
Members of the permanent executive-branch bureaucracy who are…
The rule that specifies how a program will actually operate.
Bureaucratic Pathologies
The problems that tend to develop in bureaucratic system.
Central Services Agencies
The organizations that supply and staff the federal government.
40 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 12 - The President
advice and consent
appointment power
cabinet
chief diplomat
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments,…
advice and consent
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
27 terms
AP Government/Politics: Chapter 12
political gridlock
political party
partisanship
party organization
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
loyalty to a political cause or party
the official structure that conducts the political business o…
political gridlock
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
political party
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
AP Government and Politics Chapter 12
electorate
mandate
primary election
closed primary
citizens elihable to vote
a command indicated by an electorate votes
election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
a primary election in which only a party's registered voters…
electorate
citizens elihable to vote
mandate
a command indicated by an electorate votes
Political Science Chapter 12
bill
delegate
constituent
trustee
draft of a proposed law
a type of representation in which legislators simply reflect…
a resident of the district or state represented by a member o…
a type of representation in which legislators exercise judgme…
bill
draft of a proposed law
delegate
a type of representation in which legislators simply reflect…
10 terms
Political science chapter 12
Whig theory
Stewardship theory
Invisible primary
The unit rule
Weak president
Strong president
How candidates run before they're running
Grants all states to have electoral votes except Nebraska and…
Whig theory
Weak president
Stewardship theory
Strong president
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
speaker of the house
president ofthe senate
president pro tempore
party caucus
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
the member of the united states senate or of the upper house…
is a close meeting of the members of each party in each house.
speaker of the house
The presidig officer of the house of represenatives, chosen b…
president ofthe senate
the presiding officer of a senate ; in congress, the vice pre…
10 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Twelfth Ammendment
Head of State
Chief Executive
Signing Statement
An amendment to the constitution adopted in 1804. Specifies s…
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government.
The role of the president as head of the executive branch of…
A written declaration that a president may make when signing…
Twelfth Ammendment
An amendment to the constitution adopted in 1804. Specifies s…
Head of State
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government.
Political Science Chapter 12
Political Party
Party Organizations
Party Activists
Party Base
A group of citizens united under a label, who recruit, nomina…
The official structure that conducts the political business o…
The "party faithful"; the rank and file members who actually…
Members of a political party who consistently vote for that p…
Political Party
A group of citizens united under a label, who recruit, nomina…
Party Organizations
The official structure that conducts the political business o…
32 terms
Government & Politics- Chapter 12
Common Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
Case Law
If a case was unique, judges had to create new rules, but the…
The practice of deciding new cases with reference to former d…
to stand decided cases; obligates judges to follow the preced…
Judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
Common Law
If a case was unique, judges had to create new rules, but the…
Precedent
The practice of deciding new cases with reference to former d…
27 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
closed primaries
conflict extension
critical election
dealignment
primary election in which only register party member may vote
a theory of party change that sees new issues reinforcing rat…
an election signaling a significant change in popular allegia…
a trend among voters to identify themselves as independents r…
closed primaries
primary election in which only register party member may vote
conflict extension
a theory of party change that sees new issues reinforcing rat…
Political Science Chapter 12
bill of rights
14th amendment
civil liberties
civil rights
imposed limits on the national government but not on the stat…
gave citizens equal protection of laws
are freedoms that are guaranteed to the individual ... -take the…
powers or privileges that are guaranteed to the individual an…
bill of rights
imposed limits on the national government but not on the stat…
14th amendment
gave citizens equal protection of laws
29 terms
Chapter 12 Political Science
habeas corpus
State of the Union
executive order
unitary executive
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
a rule of regulation issued by the president that has the for…
constitutional doctrine that proposes that the executive bran…
habeas corpus
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
State of the Union
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
20 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
fixed exchange rate
floating exchange rate
foreign direct investment
deregulation
the price a currency will earn in a hard currency. government…
the market decides what the value of a currency is relative t…
capital speculation by citizens or organizations of one count…
removal of all regulation so that market forces, not policy,…
fixed exchange rate
the price a currency will earn in a hard currency. government…
floating exchange rate
the market decides what the value of a currency is relative t…
78 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Agency Review
Agenda Setting
Attentive Public
Bill
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gove…
The segment of voters who pay careful attention to political…
A proposed piece of legislation.
Agency Review
Part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering…
Agenda Setting
The determination by Congress of which public issues the gove…
5 terms
Political science chapter 12
Cloture
Filibuster
Logrolling
Seniority rule
The process used to end a filibuster in the senate
the tactic of using endless speeches on the Senate floor to d…
the trading of votes among legislators to ensure the passage…
the tradition that a congressional committee member's seniori…
Cloture
The process used to end a filibuster in the senate
Filibuster
the tactic of using endless speeches on the Senate floor to d…
44 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
criminal law
statute
plaintiff
defendant
regulates the conduct of individuals, defines crimes, and spe…
a law
the individual or organization that brings a complaint in cou…
the one against whom a complaint is brought in a criminal or…
criminal law
regulates the conduct of individuals, defines crimes, and spe…
statute
a law
19 terms
Political Science: Chapter 12
Trump Campaign
5 roles of the President
Head of State
Chief Executive
Michelle Fields (reporter), trumps campaign manager Corey Lew…
1. Head of State... 2. Chief Executive... 3. Commander in chief... 4.…
Chief executive who leads the executive branch
Power and responsibility to run the government system, enforc…
Trump Campaign
Michelle Fields (reporter), trumps campaign manager Corey Lew…
5 roles of the President
1. Head of State... 2. Chief Executive... 3. Commander in chief... 4.…
29 terms
Chapter 12 Political Science
habeas corpus
State of the Union
executive order
unitary executive
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
a rule of regulation issued by the president that has the for…
constitutional doctrine that proposes that the executive bran…
habeas corpus
the legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a…
State of the Union
annual report to the nation by the president, now delivered b…
8 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Article 1 Sections 8-10
Attentive Public
Filibuster
Cloture Rule
lists all the powers of congress
The segment of voters who pay careful attention to political…
A procedural move by a member of the Senate to attempt to hal…
A procedural move in which a super majority of 60 senators ag…
Article 1 Sections 8-10
lists all the powers of congress
Attentive Public
The segment of voters who pay careful attention to political…
Political Science - Chapter 12
chain of command
division of labor
impersonality
implementation
hierarchical structure of authority in which command flows do…
division of work among may specified works in a bureaucracy
treatment of all persons within a bureaucracy on the basis of…
development by the federal bureaucracy of procedures and acti…
chain of command
hierarchical structure of authority in which command flows do…
division of labor
division of work among may specified works in a bureaucracy
13 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
political parties
National committee
National party committee
party professional
a group of candidates and elected officials organized under a…
Officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide
the meeting where the party formally nominates its presidenti…
a person who works directly for the party, is loyal to its go…
political parties
a group of candidates and elected officials organized under a…
National committee
Officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide
political science chapter 12
Motor Voter bill
voter mobilazation
prospective voting
retrospective voting
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
a partys effort to inform potential voters about issues and c…
basing voting decisions on well informed opinions and conside…
basing voting decisions on reactions to past performances, ap…
Motor Voter bill
legislation allowing citizens to register to vote at the same…
voter mobilazation
a partys effort to inform potential voters about issues and c…
Political Science Chapter 12
Natural Rights
Affirmative Action
Racial Equality
Ended Slavery
The rights of all people to dignity and wrong and is higher t…
An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from di…
As a result of the Civil War the 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments…
13th Amendment
Natural Rights
The rights of all people to dignity and wrong and is higher t…
Affirmative Action
An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from di…
political science chapter 12
the executive office of the president
the office of management and budget
national security council
president... vice president... secretary of…
made up of the top advisors and assistants who help the presi…
assist the president in preparing for the proposed annual bud…
established in 1947 to manage defense and foreign policy of t…
4 key members of national security council
the executive office of the president
made up of the top advisors and assistants who help the presi…
the office of management and budget
assist the president in preparing for the proposed annual bud…
10 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
**Cabinet
**Honeymoon period
Invisible primary
Momentum
the heads of the fifteen executive departments, such as the d…
period which newly elected presidents experience in which con…
a year before the first contest in Iowa, where no votes are c…
a strong showing in the early contests that contributes to vo…
**Cabinet
the heads of the fifteen executive departments, such as the d…
**Honeymoon period
period which newly elected presidents experience in which con…
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Nomination campaign
Primary election
General election campaign
General election
Phase of a political campaign aimed at the winning a primary…
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
Phase of a political campaign aimed at winning election to of…
Election in which voters decide which candidates will actuall…
Nomination campaign
Phase of a political campaign aimed at the winning a primary…
Primary election
Election in which voters decide which of the candidates withi…
15 terms
Chapter 12--Political Science
Security
Insecurity
geopolitics
International Anarchy
freedom from danger or injury
threat of danger or injury
association between a states political relationships and its…
Condition where there is no "world government"; the sovereign…
Security
freedom from danger or injury
Insecurity
threat of danger or injury
25 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Judicial Review
Judicial Restraint Approach
Activist Approach
Constitutional Court
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution…
Judicial Review
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
Judicial Restraint Approach
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
10 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Nomination
Closed Primary
Open Primary
Majority Party
The process by which political parties select their candidate…
A primary election in which only those voters who registered…
A primary election in which votes can choose on the primary e…
The party that holds the majority of legislative seats in eit…
Nomination
The process by which political parties select their candidate…
Closed Primary
A primary election in which only those voters who registered…
31 terms
Political Science Chapter 12
Common Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
Case Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar…
To stand on decided case; the judicial policy of following pr…
Judicial Interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
Common Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
Precedent
A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar…
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