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Study sets matching "government chapter 3 political science"

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Study sets matching "government chapter 3 political science"

12 terms
Chapter 3 Political Science ( The Logic of American Government
Dual Federalism
elastic clause
enumerated powers
externality
A system of government in which the federal government and st…
Allows Congress to "make all Laws which shall be necessary an…
The explicit powers given to Congress by the Constitution in…
Public gods or bads generated as a byproduct of private activ…
Dual Federalism
A system of government in which the federal government and st…
elastic clause
Allows Congress to "make all Laws which shall be necessary an…
25 terms
AP Government and Political Science Chapter 3
Federal system
Unitary system
Enumerated powers
Necessary and proper clause
System of government where the national government and state…
System of government where the local and regional governments…
Seventeen specific powers granted to Congress under Article I…
Gives congress the authority to pass all laws "necessary and…
Federal system
System of government where the national government and state…
Unitary system
System of government where the local and regional governments…
23 terms
Political Science: American Government Chapter 3
Federalism
Implied Powers
Reserved Powers
Eminent Domain
The system of government in which a constitution divides powe…
Powers derived from the necessary and proper clause of the co…
Powers derived from the Tenth Amendment to the constitution,…
The right of the government to take private property for publ…
Federalism
The system of government in which a constitution divides powe…
Implied Powers
Powers derived from the necessary and proper clause of the co…
28 terms
Political Science Chapter 3 Types of Government
Federalism
Unitary System
Con-federal System
Federal System
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or sub divisio…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Lies between the unitary and con-federal forms of government.
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or sub divisio…
33 terms
Political Science - American Government chapter 3
Unitary Government
Federalism
Sovereign Power
Article II
Power is centralized within the national gov't. The most comm…
A gov't that divides sovereign power across at least two poli…
Means that each unit of gov't has some degree of authority an…
Gives the states the power to choose electors for the elector…
Unitary Government
Power is centralized within the national gov't. The most comm…
Federalism
A gov't that divides sovereign power across at least two poli…
15 terms
Political Science American Government Chapter 3
Unitary Government
Confederations
Federalism
What does federalism apply to in our g…
gives people certain rights but ultimately the power rests in…
central government has restricted powers but the people hold…
Power in the people and power in the central government
Domestic affairs because foreign and military affairs are the…
Unitary Government
gives people certain rights but ultimately the power rests in…
Confederations
central government has restricted powers but the people hold…
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Federal System
Confederation
Unitary System
Tenth Amendment
System of Government in which the national government and sta…
Type of Government in which the national government derives i…
System of government in which the local and regional governme…
The final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic p…
Federal System
System of Government in which the national government and sta…
Confederation
Type of Government in which the national government derives i…
20 terms
Chapter 3:Political Science
Confederal System
Unitary System
Federalism
Self Government
System of government in which ultimate authority rests with t…
System of government in which ultimate authority rests with t…
Rule of government in which sovereignty is continually divide…
Rule by the people.
Confederal System
System of government in which ultimate authority rests with t…
Unitary System
System of government in which ultimate authority rests with t…
20 terms
Political Science chapter 3
Political scientists today see federal…
What are some of the advantages of fed…
The Constitution has been amended thro…
Federalism in the United States:
...
-It fosters the race to the bottom.... -It fosters a tendency t…
...
...
Political scientists today see federal…
...
What are some of the advantages of fed…
-It fosters the race to the bottom.... -It fosters a tendency t…
19 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 3 - Federalism
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederal System
Elastic Clause
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Clause that says Congress can do whatever is necessary to exe…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
11 terms
Government & Politics Chapter 3 Vocab
necessary and proper clause
block grants
categorical grants
conditions of aid
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Money from the national government that stats can spend withi…
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an air…
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if…
necessary and proper clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
block grants
Money from the national government that stats can spend withi…
27 terms
Government & Politics- Chapter 3
Unitary System
Confederal System
Enumerated Powers
Elastic Clause (Necessary and proper c…
A centralized governmental system in which ultimate governmen…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, in whi…
Powers specifically granted to the national government by the…
The clause that grants congress the power to do whatever is n…
Unitary System
A centralized governmental system in which ultimate governmen…
Confederal System
A system consisting of a league of independent states, in whi…
31 terms
Chapter 3: Political Science
abandon
acknowledge
adequate
advocate
leave behind
let someone know you heard their point of view
satisfactory or acceptable in quality or quantity
strongly support
abandon
leave behind
acknowledge
let someone know you heard their point of view
Political Science Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederation
Decentralization
Power is divided between national and sub national government.
Constitutional arrangement whereby authority rest with Nation…
The national government is created by and relies on Subnation…
Makes government more manageable and efficient, encourages po…
Federalism
Power is divided between national and sub national government.
Unitary System
Constitutional arrangement whereby authority rest with Nation…
19 terms
political science chapter 3
classic liberalism
ideology
ideologue
pragmatic
ideology founded by Adam Smith to keep gov. out of economy.
belief system that society can be improved by following certa…
someone who believes passionately in an ideology.
using whatever works without theory or ideology
classic liberalism
ideology founded by Adam Smith to keep gov. out of economy.
ideology
belief system that society can be improved by following certa…
32 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
On what grounds did Patrick Henry oppo…
What is sovereignty?
What is federalism?
What is a unitary system?
That the national govt. should be a union of states, not peop…
Supreme and final governing authority.
System of government that divides sovereignty between the fed…
System of government where sovereignty exists solely with the…
On what grounds did Patrick Henry oppo…
That the national govt. should be a union of states, not peop…
What is sovereignty?
Supreme and final governing authority.
37 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 3
Devolution revolution
Federalism
Duel federalism
Cooperative federalism
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
Views the Constitution as giving a limited list of powers—pri…
Stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relation…
Devolution revolution
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Federalism
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
18 terms
Political Science: Chapter 3 Vocab
Preamble
articles
constitutionalism
rule of law
short noteworthy introduction to the Constitution
constitution that is broken up into 7 numbered sections
government must be conducted according to constitutional prin…
government and its officers are always subject to- never abov…
Preamble
short noteworthy introduction to the Constitution
articles
constitution that is broken up into 7 numbered sections
21 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary governments
Intergovernmental relations
Supremacy clause
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
The workings of the federal system - the entire set of intera…
The clause in article V I R I of the Constitution that makes…
Federalism
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
Unitary governments
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
23 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
confederation
unitary system
federalism
McCulloch v Maryland
a political system in which the central government receives n…
a political system in which the power is concentrated in the…
a political system in which regional governments share power…
an 1819 court case involving a dispute over whether the centr…
confederation
a political system in which the central government receives n…
unitary system
a political system in which the power is concentrated in the…
21 terms
Government & Politics Chapter 3
Unitary
Confederation
Enumerated Powers
Supremacy Clause
a form of government in which the power is central; not separ…
union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common acti…
list of items found in Article 1, Section 8 that set forth th…
Article 6, Clause 2 establishes that the constitution, federa…
Unitary
a form of government in which the power is central; not separ…
Confederation
union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common acti…
22 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary system
Federal system
Expressed powers
The division of powers and functions between the national gov…
The central government makes the important decisions and lowe…
The central government shares power or functions with lower l…
Powers specifically granted to Congress and tube president in…
Federalism
The division of powers and functions between the national gov…
Unitary system
The central government makes the important decisions and lowe…
33 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Federal System
Confederation
Unitary System
Tenth Amendment
System of Government in which the national government and sta…
Type of Government in which the national government derives i…
System of government in which the local and regional governme…
The final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic p…
Federal System
System of Government in which the national government and sta…
Confederation
Type of Government in which the national government derives i…
30 terms
Government and Politics Chapter 3
Who was president during WWI?
Who was president during the Civil War?
Who was president when the Great Depre…
Who was president when the Korean War…
Woodrow Wilson
Abraham Lincoln
Hoover
Truman
Who was president during WWI?
Woodrow Wilson
Who was president during the Civil War?
Abraham Lincoln
18 terms
Government & Politics Chapter 3
Ethnocentrism
Demography
Reinforcing Cleavages
Cross-Cutting Cleavages
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
The study of the characteristics of populations.
Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making g…
Divisions within society that cut across demographic categori…
Ethnocentrism
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
Demography
The study of the characteristics of populations.
23 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Solstice
Equinox
Weather
Climate
either of 2 times a year when the suns rays shine directly ov…
Each of the 2 days of the year when day and night are equal i…
the condition of the atmosphere at a particular location in t…
the typical weather conditions at a particular location as ob…
Solstice
either of 2 times a year when the suns rays shine directly ov…
Equinox
Each of the 2 days of the year when day and night are equal i…
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Pragmatic
Ideaologue
Ideology
Classic Liberalism
Using whatever works without theory or ideology.
Someone who believes passionately in an ideology.
Belief system that society can be improved by following certa…
Ideology founded by Adam Smith to keep government out of econ…
Pragmatic
Using whatever works without theory or ideology.
Ideaologue
Someone who believes passionately in an ideology.
31 terms
Government and Politics: Chapter 3
Block Grant
Categorical Formula Grant
Categorical Project Grant
Centralized Federalism
A grant-in-aid for a broadly defined policy area, whose fundi…
A grant-in-aid for a narrowly defined purpose, whose dollar v…
A grant-in-aid for a narrowly defined purpose for which gov't…
Intergovernmental relations in which the national gov't impos…
Block Grant
A grant-in-aid for a broadly defined policy area, whose fundi…
Categorical Formula Grant
A grant-in-aid for a narrowly defined purpose, whose dollar v…
16 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Feminism
Patriarchy
Liberal Feminism
Socialist Feminism
A perspective thy views society as patriarchal and seeks to a…
A system in which power is in the hands of men and many aspec…
A version of feminism that advocates equal opportunities for…
A version of feminism that views women as oppressed by both m…
Feminism
A perspective thy views society as patriarchal and seeks to a…
Patriarchy
A system in which power is in the hands of men and many aspec…
Political science chapter 3
Federalism
Enumerated powers
Implied powers
Reserved powers
Power sharing arrangement between the national and state gove…
Powers specifically allocated to the national government alon…
Powers necessary to carry out constitutionally enumerated fun…
Powers constitutionally allocated to the states
Federalism
Power sharing arrangement between the national and state gove…
Enumerated powers
Powers specifically allocated to the national government alon…
19 terms
Chapter 3 political science
Preamble
Articles
Constitutionalism
Rule of law
Introduction
Numbered sections of a document. The unamended constitution i…
Basic principle that government and those who govern must obe…
Concept that holds that government and its officers are alway…
Preamble
Introduction
Articles
Numbered sections of a document. The unamended constitution i…
13 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
ballot initiative
confederal system
cooperative federalism
devolution
an initiative
a system by which the central government has only the powers…
the day-to-day cooperation among federal, state, and local of…
the delegation of authority by the national government to low…
ballot initiative
an initiative
confederal system
a system by which the central government has only the powers…
10 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
confederation
unitary
federalism
advantages of federalism
a system of government where central government is subordinat…
the central government has the power to create regional gover…
a system of government in which state and federal government…
dispersal of power (division of power); accommodation of dive…
confederation
a system of government where central government is subordinat…
unitary
the central government has the power to create regional gover…
11 terms
Political Science chapter 3
10th Amendment
Categorical Grant
Block Grant
Concurrent Powers
Powers not delegated to US by Constitution are reserved to St…
A grant-in-aid for a narrowly defined purpose
A grant-in-aid for a broadly defined policy area, whose fundi…
Basic governing functions that are exercised by the national…
10th Amendment
Powers not delegated to US by Constitution are reserved to St…
Categorical Grant
A grant-in-aid for a narrowly defined purpose
24 terms
Politics and Government Chapter 3
society
ethnic identity... ethnicity
nation
national identity
complex human organization; collection of people bound by sha…
specific attributes and societal inst. that make one group of…
a group that desires self-government through an independent s…
a sense of belonging to a nation and a belief in its politica…
society
complex human organization; collection of people bound by sha…
ethnic identity... ethnicity
specific attributes and societal inst. that make one group of…
26 terms
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
pragmatic
idealogue
idealogy
classic liberalism
using whatever works without theory or idealogy
someone who believes passionately in an idealogy
belief that society can be improved by following certain doct…
ideology founded by Adam Smith to keep government out of econ…
pragmatic
using whatever works without theory or idealogy
idealogue
someone who believes passionately in an idealogy
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Pragmatic
Ideologue
Ideology
Classic Liberalism
Using whatever works without theory or ideology.
Someone who believes passionately in an ideology.
Belief system that society can be improved by following certa…
Ideology founded by Adam Smith to keep government out of econ…
Pragmatic
Using whatever works without theory or ideology.
Ideologue
Someone who believes passionately in an ideology.
24 terms
Political Science chapter3
federalism
sovereign power
police powers
concurrent powers
the division of power across local, state and national govern…
the national and state government each have some degree of au…
the power to enforce laws and provide public safety
responsibilities for particular policy areas, such as transpo…
federalism
the division of power across local, state and national govern…
sovereign power
the national and state government each have some degree of au…
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Federalism
Basic promise of federalism:
Confederation
Unitary Government
Political system in which regional governments share power wi…
to preserve the right of states to be autonomous and individu…
central govt. is not sovereign, it is subordinate to regional…
central government is sovereign, not subordinate to regional…
Federalism
Political system in which regional governments share power wi…
Basic promise of federalism:
to preserve the right of states to be autonomous and individu…
19 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
pragmatic
ideologue
ideology/ideologism
classic liberalism
using whatever works without theory or ideology
someone who believes passionately in an ideology
belief system that society can be improved by following certa…
ideology founded by adam smith to keep government out of the…
pragmatic
using whatever works without theory or ideology
ideologue
someone who believes passionately in an ideology
25 terms
Political science chapter 3
Society
Ethnic Identity/ethnicity
Nation
National Identity
refers to complex human organization, a collection of people…
emphasize a person's relations to other members of society. A…
A group that desires self-government through an independent s…
an institution that binds people together through common poli…
Society
refers to complex human organization, a collection of people…
Ethnic Identity/ethnicity
emphasize a person's relations to other members of society. A…
21 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Unitary System
Confederal System
Federal System
Enumerated Powers
a centralized governmental system in which ultimate governmen…
a system of a league of independent states, in which the cent…
a system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
powers specifically granted to the national government by the…
Unitary System
a centralized governmental system in which ultimate governmen…
Confederal System
a system of a league of independent states, in which the cent…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Power
Force
Pursuasion
Manipulation
The ability to influence an event or outcome that allows the…
The use of power in physical means
Makes intentions known to whom they have power over. Non-phys…
Concealing intentions to whom they have power over
Power
The ability to influence an event or outcome that allows the…
Force
The use of power in physical means
16 terms
Government and politics chapter 3
devolution
Federalism
enumerated powers of congress
necessary and proper clause
the transfers of powers and responsibilities from the federal…
a political system in which power is divided between the cent…
congressional powers specifically named in the constitution (…
constitutional authorization for congress to make any law req…
devolution
the transfers of powers and responsibilities from the federal…
Federalism
a political system in which power is divided between the cent…
17 terms
Political Science Chapter 3
Express or enumerated power
Necessary and proper clause
Inherent powers
Dual federalism 1789-1933
National government powers set out explicitly in the Constitu…
Defines Congress's authority to exercise necessary and proper…
National government powers implied by, but not specifically n…
Clear division between national and state governments (layer…
Express or enumerated power
National government powers set out explicitly in the Constitu…
Necessary and proper clause
Defines Congress's authority to exercise necessary and proper…
19 terms
American Government and Politics Today Ch 3
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederal System
Elastic Clause
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Clause that says Congress can do whatever is necessary to exe…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
23 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS: CHAPTER 3
Block Grants
Centralists
Categorical Grants
Conditions of Aid
A grant from a central government that a local authority can…
People who favor national action over action at the state and…
The main source of federal aid to state and local government,…
Federal rules attached to the grants that states receive. Sta…
Block Grants
A grant from a central government that a local authority can…
Centralists
People who favor national action over action at the state and…
24 terms
Political Science chapter 3
Sovereignty
Federalism
dual federalism
states rights
The quality of being supreme in power or authority
The division of power between a central government and region…
a view that holds the constitution is a compact among soverei…
the idea that all rights not specifically conferred on the na…
Sovereignty
The quality of being supreme in power or authority
Federalism
The division of power between a central government and region…
16 terms
Political Science Vocab Chapter 3
Block Grant
Categorical Grant
Commerce Clause
Concurrent Powers
A federal grant that provides funds to a state or local gover…
A federal grant to a state or local government for a specific…
The section of the Constitution in which Congress is given th…
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Block Grant
A federal grant that provides funds to a state or local gover…
Categorical Grant
A federal grant to a state or local government for a specific…
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