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Study sets matching "government chapter 4 us gov"

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Study sets matching "government chapter 4 us gov"

19 terms
US Government - Chapter 4: Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
23 terms
9. US Government Chapter 4
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Elastic Clause
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
Powers the government requires to carry out its expressed con…
Clause inEnabl Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution that…
Delegated Powers
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Expressed Powers
Powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
7 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4
civic competence
civic duty
civil society
class-consciousness
A belief that one can affect government policies.
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
Voluntary action that makes cooperation easier.
A belief that one is a member of an economic group whose inte…
civic competence
A belief that one can affect government policies.
civic duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
20 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary (US Government)
delegated powers
expressed powers
implied powers
elastic clause
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
powers directly stated in the constitution
powers the government requires to carry out its expressed con…
clause in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, that giv…
delegated powers
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
31 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Elections
district
swing state
popular vote
A formal and organised choice by vote of a person for a polit…
a region or area that is bound together by specific rules, la…
A state that could go either way in a presidential elections…
A vote by the general public
Elections
A formal and organised choice by vote of a person for a polit…
district
a region or area that is bound together by specific rules, la…
21 terms
US Gov. Chapter 4
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Inherent Powers
Reserved Powers
Powers given to the government that are stated in the Constit…
Powers given to the government that are not stated in the con…
Powers that historically have been recognized as naturally be…
Powers not mentioned in the Constitution as belonging to the…
Expressed Powers
Powers given to the government that are stated in the Constit…
Implied Powers
Powers given to the government that are not stated in the con…
36 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Bill of rights
Habeas corpus
Civil Liberties
Selective incorporation
Anti federalist contribution... Applied only to federal governme…
Prohibits the government from depriving a person of liberty w…
Protection from improper government action
Different protections in the BOR were incorporated or applied…
Bill of rights
Anti federalist contribution... Applied only to federal governme…
Habeas corpus
Prohibits the government from depriving a person of liberty w…
20 terms
Us gov chapter 4
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
A system in government in which a written constitution divide…
Basic principle of federalism the constitutional provisions b…
Powers expressed implied or inherited or granted to the natio…
Powers that are spelled out expressly in the constitution
Federalism
A system in government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of powers
Basic principle of federalism the constitutional provisions b…
18 terms
Chapter 4 US GOV.
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed power
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Basic principles of Federalism
Expressed, Implied, or Inherent granted to the National Gover…
Are spelled out, expressly in the constitution
Federalism
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of powers
Basic principles of Federalism
35 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
expressed powers
implied powers
inherent powers
elastic clause
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
Powers of government that the national government may exercis…
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives…
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
implied powers
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
14 terms
US Government Chapter 4
President
Vice President
To be President
Executive agreement
Commander in Chief of the military and leader of the executiv…
Takes over if the President leaves office
must be native-born citizen of the US, be at least 35 years o…
a deal that the President makes with another country and that…
President
Commander in Chief of the military and leader of the executiv…
Vice President
Takes over if the President leaves office
18 terms
US Government Chapter 4
civil liberties
incorporation theory
14th Amendment
establishment clause
liberties of the people; basically what the gov't can't do to…
view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply…
-everyone in U.S. (including slaves) are citizens & get privi…
part of 1st Amendment prohibiting the establishment of a chur…
civil liberties
liberties of the people; basically what the gov't can't do to…
incorporation theory
view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply…
23 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil Liberties
Civil rigths
Bill of rigths
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments to the U.S.Constitution, which large…
Part of the bill of rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil rigths
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
40 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Elastic Clause
o The Congress grants three types of powers to the national g…
o Those powers directly expressed or stated in the constituti…
o The power that the national government requires to carry ou…
o Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be n…
Delegated Powers
o The Congress grants three types of powers to the national g…
Expressed Powers
o Those powers directly expressed or stated in the constituti…
28 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Different levels of government share a…
Expressed, implied and inherent are al…
Powers granted by the constitution are…
Not specifically listed in the constit…
Federalism
National Powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
Different levels of government share a…
Federalism
Expressed, implied and inherent are al…
National Powers
89 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Block Grants
Categorial Grants
Concurrent Powers
Confederation
A grant of money to a state or local government for a general…
Grants given by Congress to be used for specific purposes lik…
Powers that both the national government and states have
A loose union of independent states
Block Grants
A grant of money to a state or local government for a general…
Categorial Grants
Grants given by Congress to be used for specific purposes lik…
19 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
delegated powers
expressed powers
implied powers
elastic clause
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
the authority that the national government requires to carry…
basis for implied powers is the necessary and proper clause
delegated powers
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed powers
powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
15 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil Rights
Missouri Compromise
Scott v Sandford
Wilmot Proviso
Powers/privileges conferred on citizens by the Constitution a…
Regulated slavery by prohibiting slavery above certain point…
Ruled that African American citizens, whether enslaved or fre…
Designed to eliminate slavery in new land acquired after Mexi…
Civil Rights
Powers/privileges conferred on citizens by the Constitution a…
Missouri Compromise
Regulated slavery by prohibiting slavery above certain point…
19 terms
US Government chapter 4 Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
17 terms
chapter 4 us gov
preemption
federal grant
supremacy rule
nationalist position
the federal government's ability to take over a state governm…
a sum of money given to a state or local government for a spe…
Statement in Article VI of the constitution establishing that…
A position that favors national action in dealing with proble…
preemption
the federal government's ability to take over a state governm…
federal grant
a sum of money given to a state or local government for a spe…
21 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Expressed powers
Implied powers
Inherent powers
Reserved powers
The powers explicitly granted to congress by the constitution.
The powers assumed by the government that our not specificall…
Those delegated powers of the Constitution assumed to belong…
The powers that are not specifically granted to the federal g…
Expressed powers
The powers explicitly granted to congress by the constitution.
Implied powers
The powers assumed by the government that our not specificall…
70 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
system of government in which a written constitution divides…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Those delegated powers of the national government that are sp…
Federalism
system of government in which a written constitution divides…
Division of powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
46 terms
us gov chapter 4
The Bill of Rights
Freedom of Religion
Freedom of Expression
Freedom of Assembly
is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the Un…
the right to practice whatever religion one chooses.
is the right of every individual to hold opinions without int…
The right to hold public meetings and form associations witho…
The Bill of Rights
is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the Un…
Freedom of Religion
the right to practice whatever religion one chooses.
14 terms
US GOV Chapter 4
Extradition
Block Grants
Interstate
Commerce
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or…
trade between two or more states
the buying and selling of goods
Extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
Block Grants
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or…
US Gov Chapter 4
federalism
division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
system of government in which a written constitution divided…
assigned certain powers to the National government and the go…
those powers expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
delegated powers of the National Gov. that are SPELLED OUT ,…
federalism
system of government in which a written constitution divided…
division of powers
assigned certain powers to the National government and the go…
50 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Barron v Baltimore
incorporation doctrine
Gitlow v New York
sedition
Supreme Court case that explicitly confirmed that the Bill of…
the idea that the specific protections provided in the US Bil…
man writes communist document to overthrow state gov. Supreme…
law in NY to not overthrow government
Barron v Baltimore
Supreme Court case that explicitly confirmed that the Bill of…
incorporation doctrine
the idea that the specific protections provided in the US Bil…
37 terms
US gov chapter 4
The Treaty of Paris/French-Indian War
King George III of England
The Proclamation Line 1763
The Sugar Act 1764
Britain wins the west region of the Appalachians from the Fre…
he was king of engalnd during the time of revolt and complaints
closed the region west of the Appalachians to all settlement…
cut the duty on foreign massacres in half. This Act marked th…
The Treaty of Paris/French-Indian War
Britain wins the west region of the Appalachians from the Fre…
King George III of England
he was king of engalnd during the time of revolt and complaints
19 terms
Chapter 4 us gov
Amendment 1
Barron v. Baltimore
Amendment 14
Gitlow v. New York
Freedom of religion, speech, assembly, press
BOR restrained only national government, not states and cities
After Civil War - states may not abridge privileges, deprive…
Freedom of press and speech fundamental rights protected by d…
Amendment 1
Freedom of religion, speech, assembly, press
Barron v. Baltimore
BOR restrained only national government, not states and cities
29 terms
Chapter 4 / US GOV
Constitution
Full faith and credit, privileges and…
1819
1936
States fail to resolve conflict so the ___________ was drafte…
Two ways states settle disputes
Supreme Court established national position in Mulloch v. Mar…
The Supreme Court really gained ground in becoming a national…
Constitution
States fail to resolve conflict so the ___________ was drafte…
Full faith and credit, privileges and…
Two ways states settle disputes
14 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Civil liberities
Civil rights
Selective incorporation
Clear and present danger test
Freedoms, most of which are spelled out in the bill of rights…
Guarantees of government protection of individuals against di…
The supreme courts practice of making applicable to the state…
The proposition proclaimed by the Supreme Court in Schneck vs…
Civil liberities
Freedoms, most of which are spelled out in the bill of rights…
Civil rights
Guarantees of government protection of individuals against di…
20 terms
Us Gov chapter 4
Federalism
Division of powers
delegated powers
expressed powers
a system of government in which a written constitution divide…
assigning some powers to the federal government and others to…
powers granted by the Constitution
powers specified clearly in the Constitution
Federalism
a system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of powers
assigning some powers to the federal government and others to…
58 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Porks Barrel Law
lex
The Pope
California Senators
-passed by congress that only serves one person's district or…
law
-1st pope to address Congress... -Visit to US: Washington D.C.,…
-Dianne Feinstein ... -Barbara Boxer
Porks Barrel Law
-passed by congress that only serves one person's district or…
lex
law
22 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil liberties
Bill of Rights
Selective incorporation
free exercise clause
The personal freedoms of individuals that are protected from…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
Process of applying some of the rights in the Bill of Rights…
The First Amendment provision intended to protect the practic…
Civil liberties
The personal freedoms of individuals that are protected from…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
36 terms
US gov chapter 4
Exceptionalism
South
South
South
French visitor Alexis de Tocqueville. Belief that Americans s…
From the end of reconstruction until 1960's ______ was domina…
After Dem party embraced civil rights ______ switched to repu…
As americans migrate ______ for the climate, region is losing…
Exceptionalism
French visitor Alexis de Tocqueville. Belief that Americans s…
South
From the end of reconstruction until 1960's ______ was domina…
19 terms
US Gov. Chapter 4
political party
political spectrum
partisanship
single-member districts
a group of persons who seek to control government by winning…
The range of political views from the so-called left to the r…
strong support for a specific political party and its policies
voting district in which only one candidate is elected to eac…
political party
a group of persons who seek to control government by winning…
political spectrum
The range of political views from the so-called left to the r…
20 terms
Us gov chapter 4
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
A system in government in which a written constitution divide…
Basic principle of federalism the constitutional provisions b…
Powers expressed implied or inherited or granted to the natio…
Powers that are spelled out expressly in the constitution
Federalism
A system in government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of powers
Basic principle of federalism the constitutional provisions b…
10 terms
US gov chapter 4
Civil liberties
Commercial speech
Double jeopardy
Due process clause
Individual rights protected by the constitution against the p…
Advertising statements that describe products. commercial spe…
To prosecute a person twice for the same criminal offense; pr…
The constitutional guarantee, set out in the fifth and 14th a…
Civil liberties
Individual rights protected by the constitution against the p…
Commercial speech
Advertising statements that describe products. commercial spe…
26 terms
US Gov. Chapter 4
expressed power
implied powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
"Expressed powers," are powers granted to the government most…
This "Necessary and Proper Clause" (sometimes also called the…
Inherent powers are those powers that Congress and the presid…
Reserved powers are defined as powers assigned to the states…
expressed power
"Expressed powers," are powers granted to the government most…
implied powers
This "Necessary and Proper Clause" (sometimes also called the…
61 terms
US Gov Chapter 4
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
The legal constitutional protections against government
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
32 terms
Chapter 4 US Gov
civil liberties
bill of rights
Engel v. Vitale
Employment Division v. Smith
indivisual rights proteted by law from unjust governmental or…
the first 10 amendments that protect our basic liberties like…
case: ruled that prayer in public schools violates the establ…
Case: upheld prosecution of persons using the drug peyote as…
civil liberties
indivisual rights proteted by law from unjust governmental or…
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments that protect our basic liberties like…
8 terms
US Gov. Chapter 4
Power to tax
Right to regulate borders
Education
Necessary and Proper
Concurrent
Inherent
Reserved/ Denied
Implied
Power to tax
Concurrent
Right to regulate borders
Inherent
28 terms
US Gov chapter 4
different levels of govt share authori…
expressed, implied, and inherent are a…
powers granted by the constitution are…
powers not specifically listed in the…
federalism
govt powers
expressed
implied
different levels of govt share authori…
federalism
expressed, implied, and inherent are a…
govt powers
US Gov_ Chapter 4
Describe the difference between civil…
Explain what we mean by incorporation…
affirmative action
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties" are defined as individual rights and persona…
1.In 1833, the Supreme Court found that the Bill of Rights li…
government policies or programs that seek to address past inj…
the first 10 amendments of the constitution
Describe the difference between civil…
Civil liberties" are defined as individual rights and persona…
Explain what we mean by incorporation…
1.In 1833, the Supreme Court found that the Bill of Rights li…
18 terms
Chapter 4 US Gov
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
Elastic clause
Powers the constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly expressed or stated in the constitution by th…
Powers that the national govt requires to carry out the power…
Allows the powers of congress to stretch (necessary&proper cl…
Delegated powers
Powers the constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Expressed powers
Powers directly expressed or stated in the constitution by th…
28 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Delegated Powers
Expressed (Enumerated) Powers
Inherent Powers
Implied Powers
Powers the Constitution grants to the Federal Government
Powers explicitly stated in the Constitution
Things that the government simply must do because it is a gov…
Not specifically listed, but necessary to run the government.…
Delegated Powers
Powers the Constitution grants to the Federal Government
Expressed (Enumerated) Powers
Powers explicitly stated in the Constitution
30 terms
Chapter 4 - DE US GOV
affirmative action
Bill of rights
Bill of attainder
Brown v. Board of Education
Government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution ratified in…
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
The 1954 Supreme Court decision that struck down the separate…
affirmative action
Government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
Bill of rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution ratified in…
12 terms
US Government Chapter 4
national security
breaches of natnl security
economc interests
examples of protection
protection of borders and population
war of 1812, 9/11, pancho villa, pearl harbor
trade markets and natural resources
persian gulf war, mexican american war, spanish american war…
national security
protection of borders and population
breaches of natnl security
war of 1812, 9/11, pancho villa, pearl harbor
33 terms
US Government Chapter 4
What are Federal powers?
What are State powers?
What are shared between Federal and St…
Federalism's major strength lies in wh…
to maintain an army and navy; to declare ware; to coin money;…
to conduct elections; to establish schools; to regulate busin…
to enforce laws; to establish courts; to borrow money; to sec…
It allows local action in matters of local concerns and natio…
What are Federal powers?
to maintain an army and navy; to declare ware; to coin money;…
What are State powers?
to conduct elections; to establish schools; to regulate busin…
123 terms
US Government Chapter 4
What does Article III state?
How do federal judges get chosen? How…
What was the judiciary act of 1789?
How many federal circuits do we have t…
•only names supreme court; each state has own courts to deal…
Serve for life or until resign/ retire... President nominates,…
•Judiciary Act of 1789: each state would have at least one fe…
12
What does Article III state?
•only names supreme court; each state has own courts to deal…
How do federal judges get chosen? How…
Serve for life or until resign/ retire... President nominates,…
17 terms
US Government Chapter 4
civil liberties
strict scrutinity
Miranda rule
establishment clause
the protection of citizens from improper governmental action
the most stringent standard of judicial review of a governmen…
the convention derived from the Supreme Court's 1966 ruling i…
the First Amendment clause that says "Congress shall make no…
civil liberties
the protection of citizens from improper governmental action
strict scrutinity
the most stringent standard of judicial review of a governmen…
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