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Study sets matching "government civil liberties federal"

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Study sets matching "government civil liberties federal"

40 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties Government Test
Benefits of adopting federalist system
Limiting affect federalism has on stat…
Relationship between state and federal…
Expressed Powers
Balance between state and federal governments
Not both get total power. They share powers and have their ow…
They both share powers and have their own individual powers t…
Powers given to congress by the constitution
Benefits of adopting federalist system
Balance between state and federal governments
Limiting affect federalism has on stat…
Not both get total power. They share powers and have their ow…
49 terms
Federal Government Ch. 4: Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil liberties in bill of rights
civil rights
early interpretation of the b-o-rs
• Individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution and natura…
• Most of civil liberties is found in those amendments such a…
freedoms and rights retained by groups
• Until the 1900s, the B-o-Rs applied only to the national go…
civil liberties
• Individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution and natura…
civil liberties in bill of rights
• Most of civil liberties is found in those amendments such a…
15 terms
Civil Liberties Audio Lecture - Federal Government
The determination of whether or not ma…
The establishment clause has been said…
A person's right to a speedy trial wou…
Where secular law conflicts with relig…
True
erect a wall of separation between church and state
False
often denied
The determination of whether or not ma…
True
The establishment clause has been said…
erect a wall of separation between church and state
Federal Government Chapter 4 Civil Liberties
Habeas Corpus
Bill of Attainder
Ex Post Facto Laws
Bill of Rights
A court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial.
Laws that declare an action to be illegal after it has been c…
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
Habeas Corpus
A court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
Bill of Attainder
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial.
15 terms
Federal Government Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
From 1789 until the end of the ninetee…
Which of the following rights were not…
Which of the following provided that a…
The process by which some of the liber…
A. The national government only
E. None - they were all included in the Constitution
B. the Fourteenth Amendment
B. Selective Incorporation
From 1789 until the end of the ninetee…
A. The national government only
Which of the following rights were not…
E. None - they were all included in the Constitution
98 terms
Foundations and Philosophies of Government, Federalism, Civil Liberties
Declaration of Independence
Natural Rights
Monarchy
John Locke
not a constitution, explained why the colonies wanted indepen…
Basic rights that are guaranteed to all persons-life, liberty…
A government ruled by a king or queen with
Argued that government exists to protect natural rights such…
Declaration of Independence
not a constitution, explained why the colonies wanted indepen…
Natural Rights
Basic rights that are guaranteed to all persons-life, liberty…
15 terms
Federal Government Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
From 1789 until the end of the ninetee…
Which of the following rights were not…
Which of the following provided that a…
The process by which some of the liber…
A. The national government only
E. None - they were all included in the Constitution
B. the Fourteenth Amendment
B. Selective Incorporation
From 1789 until the end of the ninetee…
A. The national government only
Which of the following rights were not…
E. None - they were all included in the Constitution
25 terms
AP Government Federal Courts and Civil Liberties VOCAB
Amicus Curiae
Appeal
Appellate Jurisdiction
Associate Justice
The name of a brief filed by one who is not party to the case…
The application to a higher court for a reversal of the decis…
The power of a higher court to review decisions and change ou…
Members of the Supreme Court other than the Chief Justice. Th…
Amicus Curiae
The name of a brief filed by one who is not party to the case…
Appeal
The application to a higher court for a reversal of the decis…
118 terms
government, constitution, federalism, civil liberties & public policy
why is political knowledge important?
government
functions of government
politics
1) fosters civic virtues... 2) identifies voting patterns... 3) pro…
institutions that make authoritative decisions for society --…
maintain a national defense, provide public services, preserv…
process where we select leaders and their policies
why is political knowledge important?
1) fosters civic virtues... 2) identifies voting patterns... 3) pro…
government
institutions that make authoritative decisions for society --…
38 terms
Civil Liberties and Federal Courts
Establishment Clause
Bill of Rights
Free Exercise Clause
First Amendment
Part of the Constitution that gives us the separation of chur…
A name for the first 10 amendments of the Constitution
Part of the first amendment gives us the right to practice ou…
Where our freedom of speech is found
Establishment Clause
Part of the Constitution that gives us the separation of chur…
Bill of Rights
A name for the first 10 amendments of the Constitution
54 terms
Federal System and Civil Liberties
Tenth Amendment
Reserved powers
Concurrent Powers
Bill of Attainder
Powers reserved for the states
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
Powers both states and gv't have
Writ punishing someone without a trial
Tenth Amendment
Powers reserved for the states
Reserved powers
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
25 terms
Government vocab. Federal courts, civil liberties, civil rights.
Defendent
Plaintiff
Writ of habeas corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
The person whom the complaint is against
The person who files suit
Intended to prevent unjust arrests and imprisonment
1: a criminal law... 2:applied to act before it's passage... 3:work…
Defendent
The person whom the complaint is against
Plaintiff
The person who files suit
15 terms
American Federal Government Vocab: Chapter 4, Civil Liberties
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Prior Restraint
Symbolic Speech
the part of the first amendment prohibiting the establishment…
The provision of the First Amendment gauranteeing the freee e…
Restarining an activity before it has actually occurred. When…
Expression made through articles of clothing, gestures, movem…
Establishment Clause
the part of the first amendment prohibiting the establishment…
Free Exercise Clause
The provision of the First Amendment gauranteeing the freee e…
95 terms
Constitution, Federalism, Civil Liberties
Articles of Confederation
US Constitution
separation of powers
checks and balances
1st governmental structure of the US; most power given to the…
document of basic principles that determines the powers and d…
Constitutional division of national government power among th…
Constitutional principle where each branch of government can…
Articles of Confederation
1st governmental structure of the US; most power given to the…
US Constitution
document of basic principles that determines the powers and d…
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
38 terms
Federalism and Civil Rights/Liberties
problem with democracy
Federalism
Federal Authority consists of
Necessary and Proper Clause
majority can harm rights of minority
system in which 2 or more lords of government have independen…
foreign policy, monetary policy (one currency managed by fed…
allows federal government to stretch responsibilites within t…
problem with democracy
majority can harm rights of minority
Federalism
system in which 2 or more lords of government have independen…
34 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties
Dual federalism
Cooperative federalism
Commerce Clause
14th Amendment
Clear-cut constitutional division between power of National a…
Nation and state governments intermix (marble cake)
(Article 1, section 8, clause 3) gives Congress the exclusive…
Defined U.S. citizenship and declared that "no state shall ma…
Dual federalism
Clear-cut constitutional division between power of National a…
Cooperative federalism
Nation and state governments intermix (marble cake)
34 terms
federalism and civil liberties
sovereign power
police powers
states
concurrent powers
the power of a state to regulate its internal affairs
enforce laws and provide for public safety
who has police powers?
powers held by both state and national govs
sovereign power
the power of a state to regulate its internal affairs
police powers
enforce laws and provide for public safety
35 terms
The Federal Court System & Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
What courts hold the power of judicial…
Preventative Detention
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Protections against the government
state and federal
When someone is held without bail as an option
Civil Rights
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Civil Liberties
Protections against the government
22 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties
Habeas Corpus
Bill of Attainder
Ex Post Facto Laws
Bill of Rights
A court order demanding that somebody in custody be brought i…
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without trial
Laws that declare an action to be illegal after it has been c…
The first ten amendments to the U.S. constitution . Ratified…
Habeas Corpus
A court order demanding that somebody in custody be brought i…
Bill of Attainder
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without trial
26 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Inherent Powers
Reserved Powers
The powers explicitly granted to Congress by the Constitution.
The powers assumed by the government that are not specificall…
Those delegated powers of the Constitution that are assumed t…
The powers that are not specifically granted to the federal g…
Expressed Powers
The powers explicitly granted to Congress by the Constitution.
Implied Powers
The powers assumed by the government that are not specificall…
46 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties
Federalism
Bill of Rights
James Madison
The two amendments that were never rat…
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
- lead the 1st congress in developing the amendments by addin…
dealt with: ... - how members of house would be apportioned amon…
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
65 terms
Civil Liberties/ Federalism
1st Amendment
Libel
Slander
Prior Restraint
Freedom of speech, press, religion,
Written
Spoken
Government actions that seek to prevent materials being publi…
1st Amendment
Freedom of speech, press, religion,
Libel
Written
88 terms
Federalism & Civil Liberties Notes
Popular Sovereignty
How do the people rule the country?
what did citizens of the new nation fe…
The people gave the government its pow…
the people rule the new country?
1. the people elect public officials to represent them in fre…
tyranny
elections
Popular Sovereignty
the people rule the new country?
How do the people rule the country?
1. the people elect public officials to represent them in fre…
22 terms
Federalism and civil liberties test
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
16th amendment
The supreme court has the power of judicial review, not the s…
U.S. Constitutional under "elastic clause". Federal laws and…
Only federal gov. may regulate commerce between states
Created a federal income tax
Marbury v. Madison
The supreme court has the power of judicial review, not the s…
McCulloch v. Maryland
U.S. Constitutional under "elastic clause". Federal laws and…
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
41 terms
Federalism and Civil Liberties Test
Federalism
Police powers
Concurrent powers
Marbury v Madison
Division of powers across the states and national government
States that enforce laws and provide for public safety
Powers held by the state and national government
Created the power of judicial review (court case)
Federalism
Division of powers across the states and national government
Police powers
States that enforce laws and provide for public safety
14 terms
Liberty, Justice, and the Federal Government.
Conservative
Infrastructure
Proportional Representation
Great Compromise
Favoring traditional values and reluctant to make changes.
Basic facilities such as roads, bridges, and ports.
Characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an elec…
Was an agreement that large and small states reached during t…
Conservative
Favoring traditional values and reluctant to make changes.
Infrastructure
Basic facilities such as roads, bridges, and ports.
50 terms
Government: Civil Liberties
Slander
Libel
Espionage
No Bill
Spoken word that wrongfully damages a reputation.
Written word that wrongfully damages a reputation.
To spy for a foreign country.
Insufficient evidence to warrant a trial.
Slander
Spoken word that wrongfully damages a reputation.
Libel
Written word that wrongfully damages a reputation.
38 terms
Federalism, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Federal System
National Powers
Powers denied in congress
State Constitutional Powers
opposed to a confederation or a unitary system
enumerated and implied powers
cannot favor certain states, cannot lay duties on items expor…
elections for senators and rep.'s, appoint electors to vote f…
Federal System
opposed to a confederation or a unitary system
National Powers
enumerated and implied powers
52 terms
American Government: Civil Liberties
Theory of Incorporation
Bill of Rights not absorbed
Absolute protected speech
Conditionally protected speech
Pertaining to the 14th Amendment
2,3,5,7
the truth, political speech, symbolic speech, speech plus
libel and slander, fighting words, commercial speech, obsceni…
Theory of Incorporation
Pertaining to the 14th Amendment
Bill of Rights not absorbed
2,3,5,7
Civil Liberties | Government DC
Everson V. Board of Education NJ (1947)
McCollum V. Board of Education IL (1948)
Engel V. Vitale (1962)
Epperson V. Arkansas (1968)
City Bus, School, Religion
Religion, School, Property
Forced Prayer in School
Evolution Theory
Everson V. Board of Education NJ (1947)
City Bus, School, Religion
McCollum V. Board of Education IL (1948)
Religion, School, Property
25 terms
Government Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
Fist 10 Amendments; Limits the power and protects citizens of…
Freedom of,... Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition, and Religion.
Civil Rights
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Civil Liberties
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
31 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
56 terms
Government - Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Natural Rights
God-Given Rights
No
What is the formal name for the first ten amendments?
What kind of rights does the Bill of Rights protect from the…
What kind of rights can the government not take away?
Are our rights absolute?
Bill of Rights
What is the formal name for the first ten amendments?
Natural Rights
What kind of rights does the Bill of Rights protect from the…
34 terms
Unit 3 Civil Liberties/Civil Rights and Unit 4 Federal Courts: Honors US Government
Advisory opinion
Appeal
Appellate jurisdiction
Jurisdiction
In some judicial systems, a formal opinion on a point of law…
The bringing of a court case from a lower court to a higher c…
The legal authority of a court to hear appeals from a lower c…
The power or authority to hear cases and make decisions.
Advisory opinion
In some judicial systems, a formal opinion on a point of law…
Appeal
The bringing of a court case from a lower court to a higher c…
86 terms
government civil liberties
1st Amendment
1st Amendment
1st Amendment
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; separation…
violated which amendment?... Texas v Johnson:... Johnson was arrest…
violated which amendment?... Brandenburg v Ohio:KKK leader case;…
violated which amendment?... Engle v. Vitale... Ruled that it was i…
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; separation…
1st Amendment
violated which amendment?... Texas v Johnson:... Johnson was arrest…
17 terms
Federalism/Civil Liberties FRE Test
Collins v. Smith
Texas v. Johnson
Near. v. Minnesota
Griswold v. Connecticut
(First Amendment) Nazi march in Skokie, IL- town passes law t…
(First Amendment) Flag burning protected by 1st Amendment, as…
(First Amendment) Does Minnesota "gag law" violate the free p…
(Penumbras) Birth control laws are unconstitutional
Collins v. Smith
(First Amendment) Nazi march in Skokie, IL- town passes law t…
Texas v. Johnson
(First Amendment) Flag burning protected by 1st Amendment, as…
15 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
McCulloch v Maryland
Marbury v Madison
Gibbons v Ogden
Barron v Baltimore
- Helped further established supremacy of federal govt. over…
- Court determined that it had the right to determine the mea…
- Determined that the federal govt. had the power to regulate…
- Held that the 1st ten "amendments contain no expression ind…
McCulloch v Maryland
- Helped further established supremacy of federal govt. over…
Marbury v Madison
- Court determined that it had the right to determine the mea…
33 terms
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishment.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
53 terms
AP GOVERNMENT: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Content Neutral
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
The government may not regulate assemblies on the basic on wh…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Civil Liberties
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
Government- Civil Liberties
Stare Decisis
District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
McDonald v. City of Chicago (2010)
Justice Alito
The last, highest court's decision stands
Court decided that Washington DC could not prohibit individua…
States, as well as the Federal Government, are bound to the s…
Wrote for the majority in McDonald v. City of Chicago (2010)…
Stare Decisis
The last, highest court's decision stands
District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
Court decided that Washington DC could not prohibit individua…
16 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Constitution
Bill of Rights (1st ten amendments)
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
contains specific number of rights and restrictions on govern…
intended to restrict the new fedreal government, not the exis…
Civil liberties
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
37 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
33 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil War Amendments
Due Process Clause
1st Amendment
Basic political freedoms that protect citizens from governmen…
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution, whic…
Part of the 14th Amendment that forbids states from denying "…
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; the separat…
Civil Liberties
Basic political freedoms that protect citizens from governmen…
Civil War Amendments
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution, whic…
58 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex post facto law
Ex post facto law
Bill of attainder
A court order requiring government officials to present a pri…
Law cannot be changed for a law prior to it being illegal
Example of what law:... You drink liquor, next day prohibition h…
A legislative act that punishes an individual or group withou…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order requiring government officials to present a pri…
Ex post facto law
Law cannot be changed for a law prior to it being illegal
37 terms
Federal Judiciary and Civil Rights/Liberties
Dual Court System
Types of Federal Courts
Constitutional Courts
Special Courts
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
stated in the constitution: supreme court, court of appeals
implied they are need, but they aren't stated directly in the…
Dual Court System
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
Types of Federal Courts
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
25 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Baron v. Baltimore
Due Process Clause
Selective incorporation
Get low v. New York
Case that determined that the Bill of Rights only applied to…
Guarantees fair treatment under the law to all citizens regar…
The application of BoR to state governments
Begins incorporation
Baron v. Baltimore
Case that determined that the Bill of Rights only applied to…
Due Process Clause
Guarantees fair treatment under the law to all citizens regar…
17 terms
Government - Civil Liberties
Clear and Present danger test
Clear and Probable danger test
Community Standards
Cruel and Unusual
A rule used by the Supreme Court to distinguish between speec…
A rule introduced by Chief Justice Fred Vinson for the courts…
The Supreme Court's 1973 ruling that a work is obscene if it…
Criminal penalties that are not considered appropriate by a s…
Clear and Present danger test
A rule used by the Supreme Court to distinguish between speec…
Clear and Probable danger test
A rule introduced by Chief Justice Fred Vinson for the courts…
37 terms
AP Government - Civil Liberties
Positive Rights
General Discrimination Law
14th Amendment
Smith v Allright (1944)
Those rights that require overt government action, as opposed…
Not all discrimination is illegal: allowed forms include disc…
Established equal protection clause. Supreme court overturns…
White's only primaries, though run by non-state political par…
Positive Rights
Those rights that require overt government action, as opposed…
General Discrimination Law
Not all discrimination is illegal: allowed forms include disc…
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