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Study sets matching "government comparative"

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Study sets matching "government comparative"

10 terms
Comparative Government
Authoritarian
Limited Government
Absolute Monarchy
Dictatorship
Category of governments in which the ruler holds absolute aut…
Category of governments in which the ruler's authority is def…
A government with an hereditary ruler whose power is unlimite…
A government with a ruler (usually a military leader) who hol…
Authoritarian
Category of governments in which the ruler holds absolute aut…
Limited Government
Category of governments in which the ruler's authority is def…
18 terms
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
comparative government
democracy
constitutional monarchy
republic
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
A system of government characterized by a... monarch as the head…
A system of government characterized by elected representativ…
comparative government
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
democracy
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
30 terms
Comparative Government - Russia
"shock therapy"
Pravda
V.I. Lenin's Bolsheviks
Nomenklatura... (Zahraa)
Boris Yeltsin reforms that attempted to redirect Russia towar…
Formerly the official newspaper of the Soviet Union. Currentl…
Autocratic rule of tsars suddenly and decisively came to an e…
It is an ordered path from local party soviets to the command…
"shock therapy"
Boris Yeltsin reforms that attempted to redirect Russia towar…
Pravda
Formerly the official newspaper of the Soviet Union. Currentl…
24 terms
Comparative Government
Theocratic
Military Junta
Communist
Socialist
Type of government where religion is the basis for all law.
Type of government where a small group of military leaders ru…
Type of government where there is a classless, stateless soci…
Type of government where the state owns major factors of prod…
Theocratic
Type of government where religion is the basis for all law.
Military Junta
Type of government where a small group of military leaders ru…
17 terms
comparative government
capitalism
advantages of capitalism
disadvantages of capitalism
communism
-created so buyers and sellers could negotiate... -free market
-better economic growth... -freedom to choose career
-no public schools in purely capitalist governments... -no worke…
-all businesses are owned and controlled by the government
capitalism
-created so buyers and sellers could negotiate... -free market
advantages of capitalism
-better economic growth... -freedom to choose career
59 terms
Comparative Government Vocab TEST
Normative Questions
Empirical Questions
State
Nation
Questions that ask "what should be" as opposed to direct answ…
Questions that can be answered through data gathered in exper…
A body of people, living in a defined territory, has a govern…
A large group of people that are connected by culture, histor…
Normative Questions
Questions that ask "what should be" as opposed to direct answ…
Empirical Questions
Questions that can be answered through data gathered in exper…
60 terms
Comparative Government Chapter 1
critical juncture
communist party-states
regimes
cold war
an important historical moment when political actorsmake crit…
a type of nation-state in which the communist party attempts…
a term that is generally synonymous with government or politi…
the hostile relations that prevailed between the United State…
critical juncture
an important historical moment when political actorsmake crit…
communist party-states
a type of nation-state in which the communist party attempts…
23 terms
Comparative Government
Totalitarian
Ultra-nationalism
Martial law
Free market (free enterprise) system
government control everything
...
...
an economic system characterized by private or corporate owne…
Totalitarian
government control everything
Ultra-nationalism
...
14 terms
Comparative Government
Government
Revolution
Power
State
Group of people who control and make decisions for a country,…
Usually a violent attempt by a group of people to end the rul…
The ability to get others to do what you want
Smaller territories inside a country. Also, any politically o…
Government
Group of people who control and make decisions for a country,…
Revolution
Usually a violent attempt by a group of people to end the rul…
83 terms
Comparative Government
Yes, because Denying the Consequent
Denying the Consequent
No, because denying the Antecedent
Denying the antecedent
Major Premise: If a country has a strong economy, the governm…
Major Premise: If a country has a strong economy, the governm…
Major Premise: If the president commits a criminal act, then…
Major Premise: If the president commits a criminal act, then…
Yes, because Denying the Consequent
Major Premise: If a country has a strong economy, the governm…
Denying the Consequent
Major Premise: If a country has a strong economy, the governm…
79 terms
Comparative Government
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics
Hypothesis
Dependent Variable
A sub-field of political science that studies similarities an…
Enables us not only to compare different countries but to app…
Proposed relationship among variables. An educated guess abou…
What the analyst is trying to explain; what the independent v…
Comparative Politics
A sub-field of political science that studies similarities an…
Comparative Politics
Enables us not only to compare different countries but to app…
71 terms
Comparative Government
comparative politics
comparative method
collective action problem
state
the systematic research for answers to political questions ab…
an approach to building arguments that involves comparing and…
a situation wherein each individual has the incentive not to…
a political legal organization with sovereign power over a pa…
comparative politics
the systematic research for answers to political questions ab…
comparative method
an approach to building arguments that involves comparing and…
17 terms
Comparative Government
Democratic corporatism
co-aptation
Democratic pluralism
patron-clientism
A political system in which interest groups become an institu…
means by which a regime uses to get support from citizens
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
a system in which the state provides specific benefits or fav…
Democratic corporatism
A political system in which interest groups become an institu…
co-aptation
means by which a regime uses to get support from citizens
20 terms
AP Comparative Government China
CCP
PRC
guanxi
democratic centralism
Chinese Communist Party
Peoples Republic of China
The concept of _____ cannot be easily defined in English. It…
_______ is the system of internal political organization used…
CCP
Chinese Communist Party
PRC
Peoples Republic of China
AP Comparative Government Final
Example of devolution
Not a characteristic of British politi…
democratic deficit and the EU
common law
Scottish Parliament
separation of powers
most decision making is done by non elected officials
officials and courts make decisions that set precedents for f…
Example of devolution
Scottish Parliament
Not a characteristic of British politi…
separation of powers
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Nigeria
legitimacy in Nigeria
sovereignty in Nigeria
civil society in Nigeria
Political Participation in Nigeria
The legitimacy of the current Nigerian government system rest…
The People
Deep cleavages across Nigerian society have greatly hampered…
In theory, citizens of Nigeria have all the avenues of libera…
legitimacy in Nigeria
The legitimacy of the current Nigerian government system rest…
sovereignty in Nigeria
The People
97 terms
Comparative Government
Democracy
Advanced Democracy
Procedural Democracy
Substantive Democracy
...
...
...
...
Democracy
...
Advanced Democracy
...
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Iran
civil society in Iran
Iranian legitimacy
Sovereignty lies in
Political Participation in Iran
Since the revolution, Iran has been slow to develop a functio…
As is true in China, the revolutionary credentials of the lea…
God (Allah)
Citizens of Iran can join political parties that are approved…
civil society in Iran
Since the revolution, Iran has been slow to develop a functio…
Iranian legitimacy
As is true in China, the revolutionary credentials of the lea…
38 terms
Comparative Government
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Monarchy
Dictatorship
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A government ruled by a king or queen
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictat…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
Representative Democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
31 terms
Comparative Government
Functions of government
Evolution theory
Force theory
Diving right theory
set laws, provide public services, protect the people, resolv…
the idea that government began with the family and the head o…
government emerged when people were brought under the control…
idea that God has chosen certain people to rule, religion was…
Functions of government
set laws, provide public services, protect the people, resolv…
Evolution theory
the idea that government began with the family and the head o…
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
An important report produced by William Beveridge in 1942 tha…
Responsible for formulating policy to be placed before Parlia…
A political party in Great Britain which developed from the T…
British political party founded in 1900 with the help of trad…
Beveridge Report
An important report produced by William Beveridge in 1942 tha…
Cabinet
Responsible for formulating policy to be placed before Parlia…
comparative government
fundamental worth of the individual
majority rule with minority rights
individual freedom
necessity of compromise
the fundamental is the belief in a democracy that every citiz…
even if the majority win a decision the minority still has fu…
people must have the freedom to choose their own way of being…
Helps insure majority agreement
fundamental worth of the individual
the fundamental is the belief in a democracy that every citiz…
majority rule with minority rights
even if the majority win a decision the minority still has fu…
88 terms
Comparative Government
Normative Questions
Empirical Questions
Correlation
Causation
subjective,value-based
fact-based
an apparent connection between variables
a change in one variable results in a change in another varia…
Normative Questions
subjective,value-based
Empirical Questions
fact-based
26 terms
Comparative Government Economics Terms
Capitalism - Free Market
Socialism
Wealth
Income
The means of production are owned privately and are used for…
based on public or social ownership of means of production an…
The total amount people own (a reservoir)
The amount of money one earns in a year (a river)
Capitalism - Free Market
The means of production are owned privately and are used for…
Socialism
based on public or social ownership of means of production an…
62 terms
Comparative Government
Political institutions, the political…
The rule of law
Public space between the private world…
Alexis de Tocqueville
an independent judiciary
ensures equal treatment for all
civil society, which also serves to restrain the ambitions of…
analyzed the political system in the nineteenth century Ameri…
Political institutions, the political…
an independent judiciary
The rule of law
ensures equal treatment for all
14 terms
Comparative Government
Communism
Capitalism
Socialism
Direct Democracy
Eliminates class, money, and state. Common ownership of produ…
Characterized by private ownership of property. Price is rati…
Characterized by common ownership of property, and democratic…
Citizens vote directly to pass laws. Can also vote to perform…
Communism
Eliminates class, money, and state. Common ownership of produ…
Capitalism
Characterized by private ownership of property. Price is rati…
27 terms
Comparative Government
A rule by one person
Has a dictatorship and totalitarianism
often propoganda is used to perpetuate…
Tell you what your not allowed to do
Autocracy
Autocracy
Autocracy
dictatorship
A rule by one person
Autocracy
Has a dictatorship and totalitarianism
Autocracy
50 terms
Comparative Government
What are the four questions for distin…
Unitary System
Federal System
Confederate System
Who holds the power?... Where is the power to govern located?... Ho…
Big central government, weak state/local
Smaller central, stronger state/local
Weak central, powerful state/local
What are the four questions for distin…
Who holds the power?... Where is the power to govern located?... Ho…
Unitary System
Big central government, weak state/local
14 terms
comparative government
Conceptions of Democracy
Rational Empiricism
Emphasis on Individual
Instrumental Theory of the State
centers around individual
based on reason and the applicability of reason ... the truth is…
individuals are protected by the state... rooted in: monotheism,…
state serves the people... state is on sidelines unless one can'…
Conceptions of Democracy
centers around individual
Rational Empiricism
based on reason and the applicability of reason ... the truth is…
35 terms
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
Democracy
Constitutional monarchy/ limited monar…
Republic
Autocratic
people by the rule
king has no or limited power, democratically elected legislat…
the leader cannot be hereditary but is elected
power by one or a few, people have no say... EX: 1. Traditiona…
Democracy
people by the rule
Constitutional monarchy/ limited monar…
king has no or limited power, democratically elected legislat…
28 terms
Comparative Government
criteria by which governments are clas…
geographic distribution of power
sovereignty
relationship between legislative and e…
geographic distribution of power, relationship between legisl…
not really about where the power is, but about in how many pl…
power or authority to make laws and policies without higher c…
what offices make up each branch and what is the relationship…
criteria by which governments are clas…
geographic distribution of power, relationship between legisl…
geographic distribution of power
not really about where the power is, but about in how many pl…
15 terms
Comparative Government AP
dictatorship
anarchy
theocracy
fascism
led by single leader usually by force
no government
religious leader and political leader one in the same
belief in one national identity, one religion, one language,…
dictatorship
led by single leader usually by force
anarchy
no government
60 terms
Mexico- AP Comparative Government
haciendas
missions
peninsulares / Viceroys
Creoles
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
People born in Spain - the highest social class in Latin Amer…
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of…
haciendas
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
missions
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
26 terms
Comparative Government British Terms
House of Commons
House of Lords
Margaret Thatcher
Tony Blair
Lower House elected by single representative districts
Upper house. Lots of Hereditary seats. Not as much of powers.…
conservative and first female prime minister of Great Britain…
Architect of New Labour 1997-2007
House of Commons
Lower House elected by single representative districts
House of Lords
Upper house. Lots of Hereditary seats. Not as much of powers.…
24 terms
Comparative Government
authoritarian
absolute monarch
dictator
totalitarian
a government in which one leader or group of people holds abs…
a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control…
A ruler who has complete power over a country
referring to a form of government in which one person or part…
authoritarian
a government in which one leader or group of people holds abs…
absolute monarch
a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control…
25 terms
Comparative Government LIST 2
Coalition Government
Unitary Government
Federalist Government
Devolution
When one party does not have enough votes to form a governmen…
No power reserved for subnational government
Some powers for central government some for state
The process of distributing powers from the central to state…
Coalition Government
When one party does not have enough votes to form a governmen…
Unitary Government
No power reserved for subnational government
15 terms
Comparative Government Chapter 2
Bureaucracy
Cabinet Responsibility
Corporatism
Gross National Product (GNP)
A system of government in which most of the important decisio…
The responsibilities of the cabinet.
The control of a state or organization by large interest grou…
Is a broad measure of a nation's total economic activity.
Bureaucracy
A system of government in which most of the important decisio…
Cabinet Responsibility
The responsibilities of the cabinet.
12 terms
Comparative Governments
Democracy
Monarchy
Dictatorship
Market Economy
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or t…
In this form of government, a heredity king or queen reigns o…
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power a…
An economic system in which people choose freely what to buy…
Democracy
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or t…
Monarchy
In this form of government, a heredity king or queen reigns o…
65 terms
AP Comparative Government Final Exam Set #2
Russian Legitimacy
Historical Influences on Political Tra…
Russia's Conflictual Political Culture
statism
In the earliest years of the 21st century, the legitimacy of…
From the beginning, Russian tsars held absolute power that th…
The idea that the rights of the nation are supreme over the r…
Russian Legitimacy
In the earliest years of the 21st century, the legitimacy of…
Historical Influences on Political Tra…
From the beginning, Russian tsars held absolute power that th…
61 terms
Comparative Government General Terms
Coercive Power
Non-Coercive Power
Legitimacy
Authority
A person is obeyed because of the rewards and/or punishments…
A person or system is obeyed because of the person or system'…
The belief by those obeying commands that those making the co…
Power exercised through legitimacy rather than through coercion
Coercive Power
A person is obeyed because of the rewards and/or punishments…
Non-Coercive Power
A person or system is obeyed because of the person or system'…
19 terms
Comparative Government
5 concepts common to all political sys…
government
3 reasons every society has a politica…
3 types of political systems
1. decision makers... 2. decision making... 3. political instiution…
organization that manages community affairs and affairs betwe…
1. establish lawful order... 2. establish lawful power... 3. domest…
1. primitive... 2. traditional... 3. modern
5 concepts common to all political sys…
1. decision makers... 2. decision making... 3. political instiution…
government
organization that manages community affairs and affairs betwe…
26 terms
Comparative government
Authoritarian regimes
Bureaucracy
Cabinet
Causal theories
A system of rule in which power depends not on popular legiti…
And organization structured hierarchically, in which lower-le…
The body of officials (E.G., ministers, secretaries) who dire…
And influential approaching comparative politics that involve…
Authoritarian regimes
A system of rule in which power depends not on popular legiti…
Bureaucracy
And organization structured hierarchically, in which lower-le…
14 terms
Comparative Government: The Comparative Method
causation
correlation
empirical statements
environment
a correlation in which a change in one variable results in a…
refers to a situation where one set of observed data seems to…
statements in which we simply compare data, making a statemen…
includes the political culture of the society
causation
a correlation in which a change in one variable results in a…
correlation
refers to a situation where one set of observed data seems to…
24 terms
Comparative Government
Unitary
Representative democracy
Presidential government
Social contract
a state governed as one single power in which the central gov…
a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected of…
a system of government where a head of government is also hea…
People voluntarily give up certain rights in order to live in…
Unitary
a state governed as one single power in which the central gov…
Representative democracy
a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected of…
47 terms
Comparative Government
Comparative Politics
Austerity
Authoritarian
Democracy
Subfield of political science within other countries
Government cutting expenditures to balance budget; economic b…
Nondemocratic or dictatorial politics
Political system of mass participation, competitive elections…
Comparative Politics
Subfield of political science within other countries
Austerity
Government cutting expenditures to balance budget; economic b…
12 terms
Comparative government
"Constitution of the crown"
The bill of rights
Common law
Nationalism
The "constitution" has evolved over time, with important docu…
This document lists rights retained by parliament, not by ind…
This legal system is based on local customs and precedent rat…
Pride in being english
"Constitution of the crown"
The "constitution" has evolved over time, with important docu…
The bill of rights
This document lists rights retained by parliament, not by ind…
73 terms
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
Autonomous regions
Cadres
Central Committee
Central Military Commission
Most of China's minorities are in the five autonomous regions…
Careers depended on party loyalty and ideological purity led…
350 members that meet together annually for about a week; car…
Military played an important role in the rise of the Communis…
Autonomous regions
Most of China's minorities are in the five autonomous regions…
Cadres
Careers depended on party loyalty and ideological purity led…
10 terms
Comparative Government
Communism
Capitalism
Direct Democracy
Parliamentary Democracy
-Social, Political, and Economic ideology of Karl Marx... -Calls…
-Economic system characterized by private ownership of proper…
-Citizens directly vote to pass laws... - Can also vote to perfo…
- Elections held, winner determined by "first past the post"/…
Communism
-Social, Political, and Economic ideology of Karl Marx... -Calls…
Capitalism
-Economic system characterized by private ownership of proper…
37 terms
comparative government
totalitarian
ultra- nationalism
martial law
free market
dictator
extreme devotion to or advocacy of the interests of a nation,…
the law temporarily imposed upon an area by state or national…
an economic system in which prices and wages are determined b…
totalitarian
dictator
ultra- nationalism
extreme devotion to or advocacy of the interests of a nation,…
35 terms
Comparative Government
Nomads
Hunter gatherers
Domestication
City state
People who moved from place to place to survive
Nomads whose food supply depends on hunting animals and colle…
Taming of animals for human use
A political unit that includes a city and its nearby farmlands
Nomads
People who moved from place to place to survive
Hunter gatherers
Nomads whose food supply depends on hunting animals and colle…
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