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Study sets matching "government govt 2305"

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Study sets matching "government govt 2305"

200 terms
US Government- Govt 2305
No society has existed without some fo…
Resolving conflicts over what society'…
Political scientist Harold Lasswell de…
Government can best be defined as
Government
Politics
"Who gets what, when, and how" in a society
The individuals and institutions that make society's rules an…
No society has existed without some fo…
Government
Resolving conflicts over what society'…
Politics
GOVT 2305 (US GOVERNMENT)
Thomas Hobbes - "state of nature"
John Locke - natural rights
How can we measure political knowledge?
How politically knowledgeable is the A…
Human nature leads humans to be in constant competition with…
People have a natural moral sense, no one ought to harm anoth…
-Taking surveys, conducting studies... -People who are more poli…
-While we might receive information at a fast rate, we do no…
Thomas Hobbes - "state of nature"
Human nature leads humans to be in constant competition with…
John Locke - natural rights
People have a natural moral sense, no one ought to harm anoth…
20 terms
GOVT 2305 - Politics and Government
TF: Citizens have become increasingly…
TF: Citizens trust the gov less
Political Efficacy
TF: People feel that elected officials…
True
True
The ability to influence government and politics
False
TF: Citizens have become increasingly…
True
TF: Citizens trust the gov less
True
90 terms
GOVT 2305 Federal Government - Test Review
An important realm of economic conflic…
Republicans are more likely than Democ…
Although James Madison believed in the…
A person who agreed with the melting-p…
Democrats and Republicans positions on redistributive tax pol…
Lower taxes, lower spending on social policies
A strong government; abuse its power against minority groups
racial and ethnic groups should leave their customs behind wh…
An important realm of economic conflic…
Democrats and Republicans positions on redistributive tax pol…
Republicans are more likely than Democ…
Lower taxes, lower spending on social policies
72 terms
GOVT 2305 (Federal Government): Exam 1
Social contract (governance)
Declaration of Independence has a clai…
Locke argued that governments are nece…
Direct democracy
Citizens must consent to be governed
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness which Jefferson to…
Locke argued that governments are necessary to preserve priva…
Citizens make all governmental decisions using majority rule
Social contract (governance)
Citizens must consent to be governed
Declaration of Independence has a clai…
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness which Jefferson to…
74 terms
govt 2305 - federal government TEST 2
Civil rights
Equal protection clause
Poll tax
de jure discrimination
equal treatment free from unfair treatment or discriminatio…
declares that all people get the equal protection of the laws
tax that had to be paid before an eligible voter could cast a…
discrimination by law must be eliminated at once
Civil rights
equal treatment free from unfair treatment or discriminatio…
Equal protection clause
declares that all people get the equal protection of the laws
77 terms
3rd exam GOVT 2305 American government
114th Congress
Every two years
Once a year
U.S. Senate... U.S. House of representati…
January 3, 2015- January 3, 2017
When do we get a new congress?
How often does congress meet?
Bicameral legislature
114th Congress
January 3, 2015- January 3, 2017
Every two years
When do we get a new congress?
50 terms
GOVT 2305 Final: Government and the Economy (16)
public policy
sanction
public goods
Gross National Product (GNP)
a law, rule, statue, or edict that expresses the governments…
a tool used by countries or international organizations to pe…
a good or service that is provided by the government because…
the market value of the goods and services produced in the ec…
public policy
a law, rule, statue, or edict that expresses the governments…
sanction
a tool used by countries or international organizations to pe…
21 terms
US Government 2305- Govt. and General terms
Functions of Govt.
Shared political culture
Democracy
Tyranny
Listed in the Constitution... -To form a more perfect union... -To…
Shared beliefs, feelings, and values about the nature of poli…
System of government by the whole population or all the eligi…
means "cruel master" in Latin... Cruel and oppressive government…
Functions of Govt.
Listed in the Constitution... -To form a more perfect union... -To…
Shared political culture
Shared beliefs, feelings, and values about the nature of poli…
58 terms
Unit 1 Federal Government- Govt 2305
government
politics
purposes of government`
maintaining order
formal vehicle which allows for the legitimate use of force t…
process by which we choose government officials, and what tho…
maintaining order... carrying out constitution
oldest purpose of all governments
government
formal vehicle which allows for the legitimate use of force t…
politics
process by which we choose government officials, and what tho…
37 terms
Exam 2 GOVT 2305 - US Government
How many members are in the House of R…
How many members are in the Senate?
How many members are in Congress?
incumbent
435
100 (2 senators from each state)
535 (House + Senate)
someone already in office that is running for reelection
How many members are in the House of R…
435
How many members are in the Senate?
100 (2 senators from each state)
72 terms
GOVT 2305 (Federal Government): Exam 1
Social contract (governance)
Declaration of Independence has a clai…
Locke argued that governments are nece…
Direct democracy
Citizens must consent to be governed
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness which Jefferson to…
Locke argued that governments are necessary to preserve priva…
Citizens make all governmental decisions using majority rule
Social contract (governance)
Citizens must consent to be governed
Declaration of Independence has a clai…
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness which Jefferson to…
42 terms
Exam 3 GOVT 2305 - US Government
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
district courts
courts of appeal
case is heard for the first time; evidence introduced; testim…
all the evidence in original is assumed to be true; seeing if…
Federal Court of original jurisdiction; only federal court wi…
all you have to do is appeal from district courts and courts…
original jurisdiction
case is heard for the first time; evidence introduced; testim…
appellate jurisdiction
all the evidence in original is assumed to be true; seeing if…
27 terms
Exam 4 GOVT 2305 - US Government
incrementalism
defense spending
welfare entitlements
means-tested welfare
best indicator of budget is the previous year's budget; looki…
disbanded after WWII;... most spending was in the 1950s-60s duri…
Social Security, Medicare A, Medicare B, unemployment benefits
Medicaid, Food stamps, TANF, SSI, CHIP, WIC
incrementalism
best indicator of budget is the previous year's budget; looki…
defense spending
disbanded after WWII;... most spending was in the 1950s-60s duri…
40 terms
Exam 1 GOVT 2305 - US Government
federalism
laissez-faire
populism
Constitution
2 or more levels of government have authority over the same p…
no interference from government in the free market
"sticking up for the little man"; today it means representing…
a foundation and basic law for the states
federalism
2 or more levels of government have authority over the same p…
laissez-faire
no interference from government in the free market
48 terms
GOVT 2305 (Federal Government): Exam 3
Political Socialization
Public Opinion
Straw Poll
Generational Effect
process by which American citizens develop their political va…
measurement of the public's expressed views about an issue. m…
Poll by Literary Digest magazine that polled readers about wh…
important external event in shaping the views of an entire ge…
Political Socialization
process by which American citizens develop their political va…
Public Opinion
measurement of the public's expressed views about an issue. m…
20 terms
GOVT 2305- Basics of Government: General/Federal/National
Power
Security
Freedom
Government
Authority; what you give the govt to control your lives.
Degree of resistance to, or protection from danger, threat, o…
The power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants.
A place where good/bad policies are made.
Power
Authority; what you give the govt to control your lives.
Security
Degree of resistance to, or protection from danger, threat, o…
29 terms
GOVT 2305- Basics of Government: U.S Constitution
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Federalism
Full Faith in Credit
An act of dividing the legislative, executive, and judicial p…
Each of the three branches of government can limit the powers…
The authority is divided between the head and the political u…
Requires each state to recognize the public acts, records, an…
Separation of Powers
An act of dividing the legislative, executive, and judicial p…
Checks and Balances
Each of the three branches of government can limit the powers…
47 terms
GOVT 2305
The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments we…
Procedural due process refers to:
Legislative acts that make an individu…
The methods by which a law is enforced…
the freedoms and rights of blacks
the methods by which a law is enforced.
bills of attainder.
procedural
The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments we…
the freedoms and rights of blacks
Procedural due process refers to:
the methods by which a law is enforced.
74 terms
GOVT 2305
Citizens or subjects of other countrie…
A political system in which the state…
The role of citizens is limited to cho…
______ refers to a particular view of…
Immigrants
an authoritarian government.
Elite
Social order
Citizens or subjects of other countrie…
Immigrants
A political system in which the state…
an authoritarian government.
50 terms
govt 2305
The power to register voters and condu…
During the administrations of George W…
The power to establish tax laws is an…
What generally happens with federal po…
reserved power.
the federal government cautiously but consistently increased…
concurrent power.
The powers of the federal government usually increase and sta…
The power to register voters and condu…
reserved power.
During the administrations of George W…
the federal government cautiously but consistently increased…
20 terms
We the People - GOVT 2305 - U.S. Government - Chapter 3
A system that distributes power betwee…
A unitary system is... ... a. a government…
An unfunded mandate is... ... a. a state-ge…
Concurrent powers are... ... a. powers spec…
d
d
c
b
A system that distributes power betwee…
d
A unitary system is... ... a. a government…
d
101 terms
govt 2305
politics
american government
americas representative democracy
ruling elite theory
the process by which we choose government officials and make…
is a representative democracy, meaning that its citizens hold…
is characterized by majority rule and protections for minorit…
wealthy and well educated citizens excerise a disproportionat…
politics
the process by which we choose government officials and make…
american government
is a representative democracy, meaning that its citizens hold…
266 terms
GOVT 2305
Today, the federal government is
The belief that you can influence how…
Which of the following is not a reason…
According to the text, which of the fo…
an enormous institution that enacts a large number of program…
political efficacy
an increase in the knowledge of how government operates
the economic interests of other citizens
Today, the federal government is
an enormous institution that enacts a large number of program…
The belief that you can influence how…
political efficacy
21 terms
Federal Government (GOVT-2305-31250) Chapter 1 Quiz
What form of government exists in the…
One function of government is to preve…
One function of government is to provi…
What are republics?
Representative democracy (republic)
The government requires a factory to install pollution contro…
The U.S. Transportation Department maintains the nation's int…
representative democracies
What form of government exists in the…
Representative democracy (republic)
One function of government is to preve…
The government requires a factory to install pollution contro…
93 terms
Govt 2305
Legally sanctioned organizations that…
One type of benefit that many scholars…
Attempting to influence policy by gett…
Interest groups give Americans another…
political action committees
purposive
grassroots lobbying
True
Legally sanctioned organizations that…
political action committees
One type of benefit that many scholars…
purposive
18 terms
Federal Government (GOVT-2305-31250) Chapter 2 Quiz
As highlighted in the video The Race t…
As depicted in the video A More Perfec…
During the Constitutional Convention,…
The publication of which of the follow…
convince New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution
The inability of a national government to insure domestic tra…
small states
CommonSense
As highlighted in the video The Race t…
convince New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution
As depicted in the video A More Perfec…
The inability of a national government to insure domestic tra…
69 terms
Govt 2305
Collective Action Problems
Prisoner's Dilemma
Monarch
Totalitarian/Autocratic
Problems that involve a conflict between the individual good…
Situation in which the best outcome for everyone is to cooper…
Rule of one... Benefits Monarch (Note: Historically there are ve…
Rule of one... Benefits dictator... Violent transfer of power/trans…
Collective Action Problems
Problems that involve a conflict between the individual good…
Prisoner's Dilemma
Situation in which the best outcome for everyone is to cooper…
66 terms
govt 2305
POLITICAL CULTURE
POLITICS
GOVERNMENT
AUTHORITY
the widely shared & deeply set beliefs of a societies' people…
the means by which society settles its conflicts & allocates…
a permanent structure of institution composed of decision-mak…
the recognized rights of officials to exercise power
POLITICAL CULTURE
the widely shared & deeply set beliefs of a societies' people…
POLITICS
the means by which society settles its conflicts & allocates…
39 terms
Govt 2305
What is political culture?
Liberty
Equality
Political efficacy
Broadly sharef beliefs, values, and attitudes about how our c…
Personal freedom and economic freedom in the United States
Political equality or equality of opportunity
The ability to influence government
What is political culture?
Broadly sharef beliefs, values, and attitudes about how our c…
Liberty
Personal freedom and economic freedom in the United States
70 terms
GOVT 2305
Government
Anarchy
Social contract
Authority
The collection of public institutions in a nation that establ…
A state of lawlessness and discord in the political system ca…
From the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, an agreement pe…
The ability of public institutions and the official within th…
Government
The collection of public institutions in a nation that establ…
Anarchy
A state of lawlessness and discord in the political system ca…
Govt 2305
Article 1
Article 1 sec. 8
Article 2
Article 3
Establishes congress
Enumerates power of congress
Establishes the executive branch/presidential power
Creates judiciary/federal court
Article 1
Establishes congress
Article 1 sec. 8
Enumerates power of congress
59 terms
GOVT 2305
Critical Thinking
Political Thinking
The American Social Compact
Political Power
disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minded, an…
critical thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be…
an enduring set of rights, prerogatives, and responsibilities…
the ability of persons, groups, or institutions to influence…
Critical Thinking
disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minded, an…
Political Thinking
critical thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be…
18 terms
Govt 2305
Cooperative Federalism
obama care
privileges and immunities
concurrent powers
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments…
All must get healthcare or pay fine, insurance companies cant…
A clause in Article IV, Section 2, of the Constitution accord…
Powers of government exercised independently by both the fede…
Cooperative Federalism
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments…
obama care
All must get healthcare or pay fine, insurance companies cant…
18 terms
GOVT-2305
Politics
Reason of Conflict
Political Ideal (3)
Democracy
Who gets what, when, and how.
a. Scarcity ... b. Difference in values
Liberty... Equality... Self-Government
51% over 49%
Politics
Who gets what, when, and how.
Reason of Conflict
a. Scarcity ... b. Difference in values
21 terms
GOVT 2305
The term public opinion is used to des…
_______ encompasses citizens' attitude…
A politcal ideology is best defined as
The complex set of beliefs and values…
beliefs and attitudes toward different issues, events, and pe…
Pubic opinion
a cohesive set of beliefs that form a general philosophy abou…
politcal ideology
The term public opinion is used to des…
beliefs and attitudes toward different issues, events, and pe…
_______ encompasses citizens' attitude…
Pubic opinion
20 terms
Govt 2305
authoritarian govt
constitutional govt
democracy
Government
Authoritarian governments may hold elections and they may hav…
A government that has a Constitution.
"a system of government in which all the people of a state or…
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
authoritarian govt
Authoritarian governments may hold elections and they may hav…
constitutional govt
A government that has a Constitution.
67 terms
govt 2305
benefit of parties to voters
benefits of parties to politicians
Third parties
difficulties of third parties
Simplifies the choices
financial resources and publicity
small parties. any parties that are not republican or democra…
we dont know anything about the third party and election rule…
benefit of parties to voters
Simplifies the choices
benefits of parties to politicians
financial resources and publicity
93 terms
Govt 2305
Legally sanctioned organizations that…
One type of benefit that many scholars…
Attempting to influence policy by gett…
Interest groups give Americans another…
political action committees
purposive
grassroots lobbying
True
Legally sanctioned organizations that…
political action committees
One type of benefit that many scholars…
purposive
30 terms
Govt 2305
Bureaucracy
Cabinet
Civil law
Department
The complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principle…
The secretaries, or chief administrators, of the major depart…
The branch law hat deals with disputes that do not involve cr…
The largest subunit of the executive branch; the secretaries…
Bureaucracy
The complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principle…
Cabinet
The secretaries, or chief administrators, of the major depart…
21 terms
We the People - GOVT 2305 - U.S. Government - Chapter 2
Antifederalists bitterly attacked the…
How did the Articles of Confederation…
In general, it was the ____ vision of…
In the mid-eighteenth century, most go…
b
d
d
a
Antifederalists bitterly attacked the…
b
How did the Articles of Confederation…
d
21 terms
Govt. 2305
Where do tax bills originate?
Presidential War Powers
First Amendment
Census Enumeration
House of Representatives ("power of the purse")
• Commander in Chief after Congress declares war... • War Powers…
• Freedom of Religion (freedom to believe, not practice)... • Fr…
• Decennial census to reapportion the 435 House seats among t…
Where do tax bills originate?
House of Representatives ("power of the purse")
Presidential War Powers
• Commander in Chief after Congress declares war... • War Powers…
30 terms
Govt 2305
Sovereignty
Marbury vs. Madison
Judicial review
Writ of mandamus
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
Authority given the courts to review constitutionality of act…
Court order directing an official to perform an official duty.
Sovereignty
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
Marbury vs. Madison
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
37 terms
Govt 2305
Articles of confederation
Limited Government
Monarchy
Republican Democracy
sent to the state for ratification in 1777, these were the fi…
A political system in which the powers of the government are…
A form of govt. in which power is held by a single person. or…
A form of government in which the interests of the people are…
Articles of confederation
sent to the state for ratification in 1777, these were the fi…
Limited Government
A political system in which the powers of the government are…
34 terms
GOVT 2305
Alternatives to federalism
Advantages of federalism
Disadvantage to federalism
Powers of the national government
Unitary system and confederal system
Size, states act as labs for Public policy, subcultures are m…
National policies often ignored for state rights, no uniformi…
Coin money, maintain and rising army and navy, taxes then, re…
Alternatives to federalism
Unitary system and confederal system
Advantages of federalism
Size, states act as labs for Public policy, subcultures are m…
74 terms
GOVT-2305
Politics
Reason of Conflict
Thomas Hobbes (5)
John Locke (10)
Who gets what, when, and how.
a. Scarcity ... b. Difference in values
1. Absolute power (British Era)... 2. State of nature = State of…
1. Social Contract... 2. Against absolute government... 3. All indi…
Politics
Who gets what, when, and how.
Reason of Conflict
a. Scarcity ... b. Difference in values
12 terms
Govt 2305
Purpose of the Social Security Act of…
Three types of policy formulation
Hard political contribution
Soft political contribution
Est. federal old age benefits
Routine, analogous, creative
Refers to tightly regulated contributions
Unregulated, unlimited contributions
Purpose of the Social Security Act of…
Est. federal old age benefits
Three types of policy formulation
Routine, analogous, creative
43 terms
GOVT2305
Basic Science
Applied Science
Volunteerism/Indeterminism
Determinism
Broad efforts to discover breakthroughs in our understanding…
The practical application of general basic discoveries.... A s…
The belief that humans have free will and can change the cour…
The belief that people are more or less powerless to change p…
Basic Science
Broad efforts to discover breakthroughs in our understanding…
Applied Science
The practical application of general basic discoveries.... A s…
40 terms
GOVT 2305
Plato's Republic
Plato's Knowledge vs. Opinion
Plato's view of gov't
Plato's Aristocracy
Leadership: leaders are trained
Cave analogy: shows and compares "the effect of education and…
He thinks that government digresses from BEST to WORST
Philosopher king (ruled by the best)
Plato's Republic
Leadership: leaders are trained
Plato's Knowledge vs. Opinion
Cave analogy: shows and compares "the effect of education and…
58 terms
GOVT 2305
Polis
State
Basic Needs
Cardinal Virtues
Provides everything needed for complete human prosperity
Is limited to material and security prosperity
A sense of justice, courage, and the willingness to stand up…
Just, courage, temperance, prudence
Polis
Provides everything needed for complete human prosperity
State
Is limited to material and security prosperity
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