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Study sets matching "government national judiciary"

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Study sets matching "government national judiciary"

26 terms
Institutions of National Government: Judiciary
Amicus curiae
Appellate jurisdiction
Brown v. Board of Education
class action suits
"Friend of the court"; amici may file briefs or even appear t…
-the power vested in particular courts to review and/or revis…
judicial activists point to this Brown v. Board as an example…
When an interest group files suit in court on behalf of a lar…
Amicus curiae
"Friend of the court"; amici may file briefs or even appear t…
Appellate jurisdiction
-the power vested in particular courts to review and/or revis…
25 terms
Government: The National Judiciary
Inferior Courts
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
a court of limited jurisdiction.
the authority of a court to hear a case.
to power of a court to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of…
when a case could be tried in other federal or state courts.
Inferior Courts
a court of limited jurisdiction.
Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case.
58 terms
Government National Judiciary
Appellate Jurisdiction
Writ of Certiorari
Civil Case
Concurrent Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up…
court case, non-criminal, usually about money
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts
Writ of Certiorari
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up…
18 terms
US Government: National Judiciary
Commander in chief
Chief of party
Chief of state
Chief citizen
Commander nations armed forces
Leader of his or her political party
Symbol of all people in the nation
Representative of people; working for public interest
Commander in chief
Commander nations armed forces
Chief of party
Leader of his or her political party
43 terms
Government: The National Judiciary
dual court system
constitutional court
special court
jurisdiction
made up of federal and state courts
a type of federal court that includes most of the main courts
a type of federal court that includes narrow cases
the authority for a court to hear a case
dual court system
made up of federal and state courts
constitutional court
a type of federal court that includes most of the main courts
27 terms
Government: The National Judiciary
Inferior Courts
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
a court of limited jurisdiction.
the authority of a court to hear a case.
to power of a court to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of…
when a case could be tried in other federal or state courts.
Inferior Courts
a court of limited jurisdiction.
Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case.
23 terms
American National Government: Judiciary vocab
Amicus Curiae brief
Appellate court
Appellate jurisdiction
Attitudinal model
A legal brief, filed by an individual or a group that is not…
Courts with authority to review cases heard by other courts t…
Judicial authority to review the interpretation and applicati…
Making model that claims judicial decision-making is guided b…
Amicus Curiae brief
A legal brief, filed by an individual or a group that is not…
Appellate court
Courts with authority to review cases heard by other courts t…
41 terms
AP US GOVERNMENT- The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases; federal co…
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
Jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases; federal co…
Original jurisdiction
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
24 terms
Participation in Government/National Judiciary Ch. 18
inferior courts
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
lower federal courts-below the SupremeCourt
The authority of a court to hear a case and where it is heard
The power of a court to hear a case first, before any other c…
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
inferior courts
lower federal courts-below the SupremeCourt
jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear a case and where it is heard
23 terms
Institutes of National Government-- The Judiciary (Government in America)
Standing to sue
Class action suits
justiciable disputes
amicus curiae briefs
Requirement that plaintiffs have serious interest in a case.…
Lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf…
A constraint on the courts, requiring that a case must be cap…
Legal briefs usually submitted by interest groups to add addi…
Standing to sue
Requirement that plaintiffs have serious interest in a case.…
Class action suits
Lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf…
48 terms
AP Government - Unit 6: The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the court to hear and decide issues in certa…
A Court hears and decides a case for the first time
Gives the courts authority to hear cases on appeal from lower…
The authority to hear cases is shared by federal and state co…
Jurisdiction
The authority of the court to hear and decide issues in certa…
Original jurisdiction
A Court hears and decides a case for the first time
24 terms
The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
authority of the courts to hear certain cases.
Lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
Allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
Jurisdiction
authority of the courts to hear certain cases.
Original Jurisdiction
Lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
12 terms
December Government: The Courts: Chapter 18 the National Judiciary
There are teh Constitutional Courts (D…
Special Courts
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Define: A high court that deals with consititutional issues... e…
These courts have narrow jurisdiction such as the Territorial…
-Some cases can only be heard in federal courts
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
There are teh Constitutional Courts (D…
Define: A high court that deals with consititutional issues... e…
Special Courts
These courts have narrow jurisdiction such as the Territorial…
48 terms
Government: National Judiciary, Judicial Review & Supreme Court
The only court mentioned in the Consti…
where was the supreme court established?
what are the duties of the courts?
maintain the rights of the people?
- The Supreme Court of the United States.... - All other courts…
Established in Article III
- To settle disputes between citizens... - To settle disputes be…
the government decides when the appropriate times to check vo…
The only court mentioned in the Consti…
- The Supreme Court of the United States.... - All other courts…
where was the supreme court established?
Established in Article III
25 terms
Chapter 14 - The National Judiciary (AP Government)
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
The power vested in an appellate court to review and/or revis…
Authority possessed by both the state and national government…
Jurisdiction
Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
Original Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
U.S. Government Test #3 National Judiciary
Fact
Constitution
We have a dual system=
Two kinds of courts
* No National courts under the articles of confederation... * Pr…
Article III created judicial system ... *Created Supreme court…
Federal and State courts
*Constitutional Courts=exercise judicial power... Ex. District,…
Fact
* No National courts under the articles of confederation... * Pr…
Constitution
Article III created judicial system ... *Created Supreme court…
35 terms
National Judiciary
jurisdiction
fletcher v peck
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law... auth…
judicial review apply to state laws
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
jurisdiction
(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law... auth…
fletcher v peck
judicial review apply to state laws
21 terms
The National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
Court hears and decides a case for the first time
Gives the court authority to hear cases on appeal from the lo…
The authority to hear cases is shared by federal and state co…
jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
original jurisdiction
Court hears and decides a case for the first time
30 terms
National Judiciary
Article III
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
"there shall be one Supreme court and that Congress may estab…
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of decision from lower co…
Article III
"there shall be one Supreme court and that Congress may estab…
Jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
National Judiciary
Special and Constitutional Courts
US Tax Court, US Court for Appeals of…
Supreme Court Court of Appeals, Distri…
Authority given by law to a court to t…
Two kinds of Interior Federal Courts (Article I Courts, Artic…
Article I Courts
Article III Courts
Define court jurisdiction.
Special and Constitutional Courts
Two kinds of Interior Federal Courts (Article I Courts, Artic…
US Tax Court, US Court for Appeals of…
Article I Courts
15 terms
The National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
senatorial courtesy
rule of four
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
the supreme court is allowed to hear cases for the first time
the practice of allowing individual senators who represent th…
cases that are accepted for review must pass this test of agr…
jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
original jurisdiction
the supreme court is allowed to hear cases for the first time
17 terms
the national judiciary
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
authority of a court to hear or try your case
can only be tried in federal courts
can be tried in federal or state courts
the court who heard your case first gets jurisdiction
jurisdiction
authority of a court to hear or try your case
exclusive jurisdiction
can only be tried in federal courts
34 terms
Group 2: grade US/VA Government - National judiciary
Jurisdiction
precedent
inferior
The Federal courts were set up to ...
The authority to make decisions or apply the law in a particu…
rule to be followed in similar cases in the future
lower in order, degree, or rank
interpret and apply the constitution and the laws of the land
Jurisdiction
The authority to make decisions or apply the law in a particu…
precedent
rule to be followed in similar cases in the future
29 terms
The National Judiciary
What problems under the articles of co…
What are the two dual court systems?
Which two court systems are most cases…
Over what subject matter do federal co…
Decisions by the courts in one state were ignored by courts i…
1. National... 2. State
State court systems
The interpretation and application of a provision in the cons…
What problems under the articles of co…
Decisions by the courts in one state were ignored by courts i…
What are the two dual court systems?
1. National... 2. State
16 terms
The National Judiciary
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Senatorial courtesy
Lower courts have authority to hear cases for the first time
Courts that hear reviews or appeals from lower courts; Court…
Certain cases tried in either federal or state courts
Allowing individual senators who represent the state where th…
Original jurisdiction
Lower courts have authority to hear cases for the first time
Appellate jurisdiction
Courts that hear reviews or appeals from lower courts; Court…
24 terms
The National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
Court hears and decides a case for the first time
Gives the court authority to hear cases on appeal from the lo…
The authority to hear cases is shared by federal and state co…
jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
original jurisdiction
Court hears and decides a case for the first time
27 terms
The National Judiciary
Plaintiff
Exclusive jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Person who makes legal complaint
Jurisdiction that guarantees the sole right to hear a case
Jurisdiction when a case is appealed to a higher court
Jurisdiction that belongs to both state and federal courts at…
Plaintiff
Person who makes legal complaint
Exclusive jurisdiction
Jurisdiction that guarantees the sole right to hear a case
19 terms
the national judiciary
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
amicus curiae briefs
the power to hear a case for the first time
when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's d…
exists where two or more courts from different systems simult…
Latin for "friend of the court." Frequently, a person or grou…
original jurisdiction
the power to hear a case for the first time
appellate jurisdiction
when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's d…
11 terms
the national judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
ability of the courts to hear certain cases
lower courts have the authority to listen to cases the first…
courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
jurisdiction
ability of the courts to hear certain cases
original jurisdiction
lower courts have the authority to listen to cases the first…
21 terms
The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certian cases
Authority to hear cases for the first time; trial conducted,…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of devious from the lower…
Allows certain types of cases to be tried in either federal o…
Jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certian cases
Original jurisdiction
Authority to hear cases for the first time; trial conducted,…
24 terms
national judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certain cases. Under the…
Lower courts have the Authority to hear cases for the first t…
Court that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the lowe…
Allow certain types of cases to be tried in either the federa…
Jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certain cases. Under the…
Original jurisdiction
Lower courts have the Authority to hear cases for the first t…
21 terms
The National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent juridiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
allows certain types of cases to be tried in both the federal…
jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
original jurisdiction
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
44 terms
The National Judiciary
How many courts are mentioned in the U…
Who is responsible for making all of t…
all of the federal courts beneath the…
formed under Article III to exercise t…
One
Congress
Inferior Courts
constitutional courts
How many courts are mentioned in the U…
One
Who is responsible for making all of t…
Congress
25 terms
The National Judiciary
The Supreme Court's decision in Marbur…
The purposes of the 12 federal courts…
Which one of the following duties is n…
Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits...
established judicial review.
to hear original cases that have bypassed lower courts.
Recording court proceedings.
which court may decide a case.
The Supreme Court's decision in Marbur…
established judicial review.
The purposes of the 12 federal courts…
to hear original cases that have bypassed lower courts.
24 terms
National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
power of a Court to hear a case first, usually in a trial. Wh…
power of a court to review/revise the decision of a lower court
Authority possessed by both the state and national government…
jurisdiction
Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
original jurisdiction
power of a Court to hear a case first, usually in a trial. Wh…
National Judiciary
Federalist No. 22
Dual court system
Inferior courts
Constitutional Courts
Alexander Hamilton wrote here that "Laws are dead letter with…
US has two part court system- federal and state courts
federal courts below Supreme Court
federal courts that Congress formed under Article III to exer…
Federalist No. 22
Alexander Hamilton wrote here that "Laws are dead letter with…
Dual court system
US has two part court system- federal and state courts
45 terms
National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
The courts ability to hear a case
First place the case is heard
Where a court hears an appeal from a lower court
Where one or more courts can hear a case
Jurisdiction
The courts ability to hear a case
Original Jurisdiction
First place the case is heard
24 terms
The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certain cases
Lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
Courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
Allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
Jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear certain cases
Original Jurisdiction
Lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
34 terms
The National Judiciary
inferior courts
What percent of the federal caseload d…
Judiciary Act of 1789
How many district courts are there?
lower federal courts created by Congress to function beneath…
80% --> 300,000+ cases per year
act that created district courts
94
inferior courts
lower federal courts created by Congress to function beneath…
What percent of the federal caseload d…
80% --> 300,000+ cases per year
17 terms
The National Judiciary
the creation of the National Judiciary…
2 seperate
U.S. has a
each state has its own
the 3rd article
court systems in the U.S.
National Court System
court system that hears most of the cases brought in this cou…
the creation of the National Judiciary…
the 3rd article
2 seperate
court systems in the U.S.
22 terms
The National Judiciary
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
court hears and decides a case for the first time
Gives the court authority to hear cases on appeal from the lo…
The authority to hear cases is shared by federal and state go…
jurisdiction
The authority of the courts to hear and decide issues in cert…
original jurisdiction
court hears and decides a case for the first time
28 terms
National Judiciary
Inferior Courts
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Plaintiff
The lower federal courts that are beneath the Supreme Court
The power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases
The power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain…
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
Inferior Courts
The lower federal courts that are beneath the Supreme Court
Exclusive Jurisdiction
The power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases
28 terms
The National Judiciary
How many courts created by Constitution?
All other courts beneath Supreme Court…
Inferior courts are created by?
"Dual system of courts"
1 called Supreme Court
inferior courts
Congress
State and Federal (208) courts
How many courts created by Constitution?
1 called Supreme Court
All other courts beneath Supreme Court…
inferior courts
23 terms
The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements
The power to hear a case for the first time
When a high court has the right to review a lower court's dec…
When two or more courts from different systems simultaneously…
Jurisdiction
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements
Original Jurisdiction
The power to hear a case for the first time
8 terms
The National Judiciary
Inferior courts
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
a court of limited jurisdiction, and it must appear on the fa…
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
where one court has the power to adjudicate a case to the exc…
when more than one court may take jurisdiction over the case
Inferior courts
a court of limited jurisdiction, and it must appear on the fa…
Jurisdiction
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
31 terms
the national judiciary
special courts
conditional courts
exclusive
concurrent
created by congress to deal with specif subject matter
district courts, appeals courts
when the federal courts are the ONLY court which may hear the…
case may be heard in either federal court or state court
special courts
created by congress to deal with specif subject matter
conditional courts
district courts, appeals courts
22 terms
THE NATIONAL JUDICIARY
Jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
courts that hear review or appeals of decisions from the lowe…
allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
Jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
original jurisdiction
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
24 terms
The National judiciary
Amicus curiae briefs
Appellate jurisdiction
Brief
Brief orders
...
...
...
...
Amicus curiae briefs
...
Appellate jurisdiction
...
14 terms
The National Judiciary
Jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the low…
allows certain types of cases to be tried in either the feder…
Jurisdiction
the authority of the courts to hear certain cases
original jurisdiction
lower courts have the authority to hear cases for the first t…
16 terms
National Judiciary
what is the National Judiciary made of?
What types of cases does the National…
who created the supreme court?
What gives congress the power to creat…
The national judiciary is made up of the Supreme Court and th…
The national judiciary hears cases involving federal law and…
The congress created the supreme court, Judiciary act of 1789
Article III gives Congress the power to create the rest of th…
what is the National Judiciary made of?
The national judiciary is made up of the Supreme Court and th…
What types of cases does the National…
The national judiciary hears cases involving federal law and…
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