Study sets matching "government politics ap gopo"

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Study sets matching "government politics ap gopo"

6 terms
AP GOPO THEORIES OF GOVERNMENT
Elitist Theory
Pluralist Theory
Majoritarian Theory
Delegate Model of Representation
Part of a society dominated by the wealthy property owners wh…
Different groups working together through compromise.
Direct democracy. Majority vote that determines policy.
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates acting as…
Elitist Theory
Part of a society dominated by the wealthy property owners wh…
Pluralist Theory
Different groups working together through compromise.
ap gopo political parties
political party
split ticket
swing voter
spoiler effect
a group of political activists who organize to win elections,…
voting for candidates of two or more parties for different of…
a voter who frequently swings their support from one party to…
vote splitting between candidates with similar ideologies so…
political party
a group of political activists who organize to win elections,…
split ticket
voting for candidates of two or more parties for different of…
25 terms
AP GOPO: Political Culture & Behaviors
Literacy Test
Voting Age Population
Voting Eligible Population
Push Poll
A requirement that citizens show that they can read before re…
Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching the minimum…
Citizens who are legally permitted to cast a ballet (register…
Polls given for the purpose of providing negative information…
Literacy Test
A requirement that citizens show that they can read before re…
Voting Age Population
Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching the minimum…
28 terms
AP GOPO Media and Political Parties
High-tech Politics
Mass Media
Media Events
Press Conferences
the behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political a…
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
An event or activity for media publicity.
meetings of public officials with reporters
High-tech Politics
the behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political a…
Mass Media
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
AP GOPO Political Parties
What do political parties do?
What makes political parties strong?
What makes political parties weak?
What party system exist?
They gather groups of people who share similar views as them…
-Being able to freely choose candidates for office. ... -Recogni…
-Primaries & Caucasus... -Dealignment ... -Split ticket voting ... -In…
Single party (Communism in China) ... Two party (Democratic and…
What do political parties do?
They gather groups of people who share similar views as them…
What makes political parties strong?
-Being able to freely choose candidates for office. ... -Recogni…
28 terms
AP GOPO Political Parties
Candidates centered campaign
Coalition
Dealignment
Divided government
a campaign in which an individual seeking election, rather th…
A group of individuals with a common interest upon which a po…
The situation in which we were voter support the two major po…
The situation that exists when Congress is controlled by one…
Candidates centered campaign
a campaign in which an individual seeking election, rather th…
Coalition
A group of individuals with a common interest upon which a po…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
13 terms
AP GOPO Chapter 12 - Political Parties
political machine
candidate-centered politics
party realignment
critical election
A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangibl…
Politics that focuses on the candidates, their particular iss…
Dramatic shifts in partisan preferences that drastically alte…
An election that signals a party realignment through voter po…
political machine
A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangibl…
candidate-centered politics
Politics that focuses on the candidates, their particular iss…
37 terms
AP GOPO Political Participation borrowed
Voting-age population
Voter turnout
Initiatives
Referendum
Citizens over 18 who can cast a vote in presidential elections.
percentage of voting-age population that votes in the preside…
citizens gather the necessary number of signatures of registe…
direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on…
Voting-age population
Citizens over 18 who can cast a vote in presidential elections.
Voter turnout
percentage of voting-age population that votes in the preside…
27 terms
AP GOPO Vocab Political Parties
candidate-centered campaign
coalition
dealignment
divided government
a campaign in which an individual seeking election, rather th…
a group of individuals with a common interest upon which a po…
the situation in which fewer voters support the two major pol…
the situation that exists when Congress is controlled by one…
candidate-centered campaign
a campaign in which an individual seeking election, rather th…
coalition
a group of individuals with a common interest upon which a po…
AP GOPO: Political Beliefs and Behaviors
political culture
social capital
natural rights
democratic consensus
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citize…
democratic and civil habits of discussion, compromise, and re…
the rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called hu…
widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic…
political culture
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citize…
social capital
democratic and civil habits of discussion, compromise, and re…
47 terms
AP GOPO Chapter 11 - Public Opinion, AP GOPO Chapter 12 - Political Parties, AP GOPO Chapter 13
public opinion
public opinion polls
straw poll
sample
What the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
Unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety…
a subset of the whole population selected to be questioned fo…
public opinion
What the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…
public opinion polls
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
30 terms
AP GOPO Chapter 1: Principles of Politics
government
autocracy
oligarchy
democracy
institutions and procedures through which a land and its peop…
a form of government in which a single individual rules
a form of government in which a small group of landowner, mil…
a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant…
government
institutions and procedures through which a land and its peop…
autocracy
a form of government in which a single individual rules
23 terms
AP GOPO Magleby Chapter 6: Political Parties
Political party
Nonpartisan election
Patronage
Honeymoon
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
An election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed…
The dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to th…
The period at the beginning of a new president's term during…
Political party
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
Nonpartisan election
An election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed…
48 terms
AP GOPO: Political Beliefs and Behaviors
political culture
social capital
natural rights
democratic consensus
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citize…
democratic and civil habits of discussion, compromise, and re…
the rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called hu…
widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic…
political culture
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citize…
social capital
democratic and civil habits of discussion, compromise, and re…
13 terms
Introducing Government in America- AP GOPO
Democracy
Elitism
Hyperpluralism
Linkage Institutions
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
argues that too many strong influential groups cripple the go…
institutions such as parties, elections, interest groups, and…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elitism
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
15 terms
AP GOPO Political Culture Vocab
Americanism
civic competence
civic duty
class consciousness
A persistent word in our vocabulary that indicates Americans…
The belief that one can affect government policies.
The feeling that one ought to do one's share in community aff…
The awareness of belonging to a particular socioeconomic grou…
Americanism
A persistent word in our vocabulary that indicates Americans…
civic competence
The belief that one can affect government policies.
Chapter 5 "Government In America" AP GOPO
Civil Rights
14th Amendment
Equal Protection of Laws
Standards of Review
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
Constitutional Amendment adopted after the Civil War that sta…
Part of the 14th Amendment emphasizing that the law must prov…
In order for the Court to pass constitutional muster, most cl…
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
14th Amendment
Constitutional Amendment adopted after the Civil War that sta…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
15 terms
AP GOPO Chapter 8: Political Participation
15th Amendment
19th Amendment
26th Amendment
Activists
Right to vote shall not be denied by any account of race, col…
Extended the right to vote for women.
Changed the minimum voting age from 21 to 18.
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.
15th Amendment
Right to vote shall not be denied by any account of race, col…
19th Amendment
Extended the right to vote for women.
Powers of the National Government AP. GOPO Ch. 3
Delegated Powers
Express Powers
Implied Powers
Necessary and Proper Clause/ Elastic C…
Powers given explicitly to the national government, listed in…
Power that the Constitution specifically gives to one branch…
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow Congress t…
Article I, Section 8, Clause 3: ... Sets for the implied powers…
Delegated Powers
Powers given explicitly to the national government, listed in…
Express Powers
Power that the Constitution specifically gives to one branch…
18 terms
AP GOPO Political Beliefs/Behaviors
Caucus
Coattail effect
Demographics
Direct election
Local party meeting
the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the elec…
characteristics of population
election of an official directly by the poeple rather than by…
Caucus
Local party meeting
Coattail effect
the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the elec…
55 terms
AP GOPO: Campaign, Elections, & Political Parties
Gerrymandering
2 forms of gerrymandering
Malapportionment
PACs
The drawing of electoral districts lines to the advantage of…
1. To concentrate the opposition voters in few districts ... 2.…
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they…
PACs are organized by interest groups to pool contributions f…
Gerrymandering
The drawing of electoral districts lines to the advantage of…
2 forms of gerrymandering
1. To concentrate the opposition voters in few districts ... 2.…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
82 terms
AP GOPO Chapter 11: Political Parties
party competition
candidate-centered; Congress
George Washington
Alien and Sedition Acts
Most American believe that ___________ ___________ contribute…
Electoral politics in recent years has become a ___________ a…
___________ ___________ urged America to shun partisan politi…
acts used by Federalist party to eliminate Democratic-Republi…
party competition
Most American believe that ___________ ___________ contribute…
candidate-centered; Congress
Electoral politics in recent years has become a ___________ a…
18 terms
AP Gopo : Ch. 1 The Political Landscape
Government
Citizen
Politics
Majority Rule
Body of nation that does a process of decision-making. Rules…
member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
The study of diplomacy where process of decision making comes…
when certain policies receive a greater number of votes from…
Government
Body of nation that does a process of decision-making. Rules…
Citizen
member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
22 terms
Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America [AP Gopo]
government
public goods
politics
political participation
the institutions and processes through which public policies…
goods, such as clean air and water, that everyone must share
the process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
all the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
the institutions and processes through which public policies…
public goods
goods, such as clean air and water, that everyone must share
26 terms
O'Connor AP US GOPO ch. 1-The Political Landscape, ALL
government
Mayflower Compact
social contract
social contract theory
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Document written by the Pilgrims while at sea enumerating the…
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
The belief that people are free and equal by natural right, a…
government
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Mayflower Compact
Document written by the Pilgrims while at sea enumerating the…
13 terms
O'Connor AP US GOPO ch. 12-Political Parties, ALL
political party
candidate-centered politics
critical election
party realignment
An organized effort by office holders, candidates, activists,…
Politics that focuses on the candidates, their particular iss…
An election that signals a party realignment through voter po…
Dramatic shifts in partisan preferences that drastically alte…
political party
An organized effort by office holders, candidates, activists,…
candidate-centered politics
Politics that focuses on the candidates, their particular iss…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
18 terms
AP GOPO Magleby Ch 4 Vocab - The American Political Landscape
Ethnocentrism
Demography
Reinforcing cleavages
Cross-cutting cleavages
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group
The study of the characteristics of population
Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making g…
Divisions within society that cut across demographic categori…
Ethnocentrism
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group
Demography
The study of the characteristics of population
AP GOPO Chp. 4 American Political Culture
political culture
liberty
equality
democracy
...
...
...
...
political culture
...
liberty
...
7 terms
AP GOPO Magleby Chapter 9: The Media and US Politics
Mass media
News media
24/7 news cycle
Political socialization
Means of communication that reach the public, including newsp…
Media that emphasizes the news.
News is now constantly updated and presented via internet sit…
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, valu…
Mass media
Means of communication that reach the public, including newsp…
News media
Media that emphasizes the news.
23 terms
AP GOPO Political Beliefs and Behaviors borrowed
Majority
Plurality
Voter Turnout
Initiative
The candidate or party that wins more than half the votes cas…
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, n…
The proportion of the voting age public that votes, sometimes…
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition…
Majority
The candidate or party that wins more than half the votes cas…
Plurality
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, n…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
AP GOPO political parties chapter 8
whats the definition of political part…
what are the three parts of parties
what are the three levels of political…
what are the functions of a political…
a group of citizens who organize to win elections and hold of…
voters, the party as an organization, and government members…
national, state, and local
recruit nominees for office, run campaigns, tell voters how t…
whats the definition of political part…
a group of citizens who organize to win elections and hold of…
what are the three parts of parties
voters, the party as an organization, and government members…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
13 terms
AP GOPO Unit 2 Government Actions
Bill of Rights
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Fourteenth Amendment
Nineteenth amendment
1- religion, speech, petition, assembly, press... 2- bare arms... 3…
The law making racial discrimination in hotels, motels, and r…
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge th…
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees…
Bill of Rights
1- religion, speech, petition, assembly, press... 2- bare arms... 3…
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The law making racial discrimination in hotels, motels, and r…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
22 terms
AP GOPO Government court cases unit 2
Weeks v. United States
Mapp v. Ohio
Gideon v. Wainwright
Miranda v. Arizona
Established exclusionary rule; prohibits evidence obtained il…
Supreme Court decision ruling that the 4th amendments protect…
Supreme Court decision holding that anyone, however poor, acc…
The 1966 Supreme Court decision that sets guidelines for poli…
Weeks v. United States
Established exclusionary rule; prohibits evidence obtained il…
Mapp v. Ohio
Supreme Court decision ruling that the 4th amendments protect…
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
41 terms
AP Government and Politics: Chapter 11
apportionment
bicameralism
casework
closed rules
the process of assigning the 435 seats in the house to the st…
the system of having two chambers within one legislative body…
assistance provided by members of congress to their constitue…
conditions placed on a legislative debate by the house rules…
apportionment
the process of assigning the 435 seats in the house to the st…
bicameralism
the system of having two chambers within one legislative body…
AP GOPO Chapter #8 Vocabulary - Political Parties
Closed Primaries
Coalition
Critical Election
Direct Mail
Elections to select party nominees in which only people who h…
A group of individuals with a common interest upon which ever…
An electoral "earthquake" whereby new issues emerge, new coal…
A high-tech method of raising money for a political cause or…
Closed Primaries
Elections to select party nominees in which only people who h…
Coalition
A group of individuals with a common interest upon which ever…
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