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Study sets matching "government politics ap govt"

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Study sets matching "government politics ap govt"

20 terms
GOVT 2305 - Politics and Government
TF: Citizens have become increasingly…
TF: Citizens trust the gov less
Political Efficacy
TF: People feel that elected officials…
True
True
The ability to influence government and politics
False
TF: Citizens have become increasingly…
True
TF: Citizens trust the gov less
True
18 terms
Ap govt & politics
Unicameral legislature
Mandates
Inherent powers
Separation of powers
legislative branch is composed of one single house
Requirements imposed on the states by the federal government
Powers granted to any form of government
power of government is divided among several branches
Unicameral legislature
legislative branch is composed of one single house
Mandates
Requirements imposed on the states by the federal government
27 terms
AP Govt. & Politics: Amendments
1
2
3
4
Prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment o…
Protects the right to keep and bear arms.
Prohibits quartering of soldiers in private homes without the…
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out req…
1
Prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment o…
2
Protects the right to keep and bear arms.
64 terms
AP Comparative Govt and Politics
Important Years
1989
2001
2008
1989, 2001, 2008, 2011
The Berlin wall was taken down, ushering in the end of the Co…
9/11
Great Recession
Important Years
1989, 2001, 2008, 2011
1989
The Berlin wall was taken down, ushering in the end of the Co…
88 terms
More AP Govt. and Politics
Single Member District Plurality System
Proportional Representation
Grant-In-Aid
Catagorical Grants
Electoral district in which the winner takes all the votes.
Elective offices are divided based on percentage of votes.
Money for a very specific cause (eg. that dam).
Grant for a specific thing (eg. dams).
Single Member District Plurality System
Electoral district in which the winner takes all the votes.
Proportional Representation
Elective offices are divided based on percentage of votes.
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
19 terms
Government Acts: AP Govt
Johnson-Reed Immigration Act (1924)
Hart-Cellar Immigration and Nationalit…
Tillman Act (1907)
Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA 19…
Limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the Unite…
Abolished the national origins quota system that had structur…
Banned corporate donations; corporations had to establish sep…
• Required all candidates for fed office to disclose who had…
Johnson-Reed Immigration Act (1924)
Limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the Unite…
Hart-Cellar Immigration and Nationalit…
Abolished the national origins quota system that had structur…
32 terms
AP US GOVT & POLITICS
Party Polarization
Political Socialization
Primaries
Caucuses
Refers to cases in which an individual's stance on a given is…
Process by which background traits influence one's political…
A statewide voting process in which voters cast secret ballot…
A system of local gatherings where voters decide which candid…
Party Polarization
Refers to cases in which an individual's stance on a given is…
Political Socialization
Process by which background traits influence one's political…
33 terms
AP GOVT POLITICS
due process
judicial restraint
ex post facto
judicial review
rules that protect individuals from unfair treatment by the g…
judicial unwillingness to break with precedent or overturn le…
allows governments to prosecute citizents for acts that were…
supreme court can overtun a law on the grounds that it is unc…
due process
rules that protect individuals from unfair treatment by the g…
judicial restraint
judicial unwillingness to break with precedent or overturn le…
27 terms
AP Govt. & Politics: Amendments
1
2
3
4
Prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment o…
Protects the right to keep and bear arms.
Prohibits quartering of soldiers in private homes without the…
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out req…
1
Prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment o…
2
Protects the right to keep and bear arms.
37 terms
AP US Govt and Politics
Democracy
Political Culture
Government
Politics
System of gvt that gives power to the ppl, wether directly or…
Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how…
The people that do the things at the places. Institutionsnand…
Process by which we elect our leaders. Policy . in other word…
Democracy
System of gvt that gives power to the ppl, wether directly or…
Political Culture
Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how…
39 terms
AP Govt. and Politics: The Presidency
ad hoc structure
Budget Reform Act of 1974
cabinet
chief of staff
task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends and a…
...
...
...
ad hoc structure
task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends and a…
Budget Reform Act of 1974
...
AP Govt. (Political Parties)
Political party
Nonpartisan election
Patronage
Soft money
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not sele…
The dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to th…
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for pa…
Political party
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
Nonpartisan election
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not sele…
48 terms
AP US Govt & Politics - Unit 1
American Revolution
Continental Congress
Delegates
Declaration of Independence
the revolution of the 13 American colonies to gain independen…
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the 13 Am…
a person appointed or elected to represent others
the document approved by representatives of the American colo…
American Revolution
the revolution of the 13 American colonies to gain independen…
Continental Congress
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the 13 Am…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
138 terms
AP Govt. & Politics Final
Income Transfer
In-kind Subsidy
TANF
SSI
A transfer of income from some individuals in the economy to…
A good or service- such as food stamps, housing, or medical c…
TANF- a program that provides cash assistance and supportive…
a needs-based program that provides a monthly check to person…
Income Transfer
A transfer of income from some individuals in the economy to…
In-kind Subsidy
A good or service- such as food stamps, housing, or medical c…
58 terms
AP EXAMS - GOVT AND POLITICS
The constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
What accurately describes The Federali…
A Supreme Court that demonstrates a wi…
A writ of certiorari from the Supreme…
The principle of limited government
A collection of essays arguing the merits of the Constitution.
Judicial activism
Will review a lower court decision
The constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
The principle of limited government
What accurately describes The Federali…
A collection of essays arguing the merits of the Constitution.
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
20 terms
Political Parties AP GOVT
Political Party
Linkage Institution
Platforms
Rank and File
An organization that seeks power by electing members into off…
A group that links people to the gov't.
A statement that describes a party's views.
Every day members of a political Party.
Political Party
An organization that seeks power by electing members into off…
Linkage Institution
A group that links people to the gov't.
26 terms
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
14 terms
AP Govt./Politics Vocab 3
federalism
devolution revolution
unitary system
confederation
power is distributed between the central govt and states
effort to slow the growth of national govt. by returning many…
arrangement that concentrates power in a central govt
constitutional arrangement which sovereign nations or states…
federalism
power is distributed between the central govt and states
devolution revolution
effort to slow the growth of national govt. by returning many…
18 terms
AP Govt. & Politics Ch. 4
ethnocentrism
demography
reinforcing cleavages
cross-cutting cleavages
belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group; ba…
the study of the characteristics of populations
divisions within society that reinforce one another; making g…
divisions within society that cut across demographic categori…
ethnocentrism
belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group; ba…
demography
the study of the characteristics of populations
359 terms
AP US Govt. and Politics Exam
Autocracy
Public goods
Single issue groups
Linkage intitutions
And autocracy is a system of government in which one person s…
Good, like clean air and water, that must be shared by everyo…
Groups that only have one narrow interest. These groups tend…
The pathways and access points that are used to convey issues…
Autocracy
And autocracy is a system of government in which one person s…
Public goods
Good, like clean air and water, that must be shared by everyo…
65 terms
AP U.S. Govt and Politics
linkage institution
government
delegate model
trustee model
means by which individuals cam express preferences regarding…
institution that creates public policy (on national level: th…
Representatives elected to govt should only represent the vie…
Representatives elected to govt have autonomy to act for the…
linkage institution
means by which individuals cam express preferences regarding…
government
institution that creates public policy (on national level: th…
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
27 terms
AP Govt and Politics Exam: Amendments
First Amendment
Second Amendment
Third Amendment
Fourth Amendment
protects the rights of individuals against the government by…
protects the citizens' right to bear arms
forbids quartering of soldiers and the direct public support…
places restrictions on government agencies regarding criminal…
First Amendment
protects the rights of individuals against the government by…
Second Amendment
protects the citizens' right to bear arms
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
27 terms
AP Govt Chap 7 Vocab: Political Parties
Political party
Nonpartisan election
Patronage
Soft money
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not sele…
The dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to th…
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for pa…
Political party
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
Nonpartisan election
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not sele…
21 terms
Vocab flashcards AP Govt & Politics
Government
Public goods
Politics
Political participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, such as clean water and air, that everyone must share.
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
Goods, such as clean water and air, that everyone must share.
29 terms
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
55 terms
AP Government: Modern Govt & Constitution
direct democracy
elite and class theory
government
hyperpluralism
type of government characterized by citizens attending a town…
a group theory that revolves around an economic strata of soc…
those institutions that create public policy
a group theory characterized by many interest groups vying fo…
direct democracy
type of government characterized by citizens attending a town…
elite and class theory
a group theory that revolves around an economic strata of soc…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics
Franking
Rules to be a House member
Rules to be a Senate member
How many members are in congress; the…
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
1. At least 30 years old... 2. American citizen for 9 years... 3. M…
535 members of congress... 100 members in senate (2 members from…
Franking
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
Rules to be a House member
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
8 terms
AP Govt- Media Politics/Campaigns
Beats
Trial Balloons
Soundbites
Policy Entrepreneur
Specific locations
Intentional news-leaks to see what political reactions will be
Short video clips, 10 seconds
People who invest their political capital in an issue
Beats
Specific locations
Trial Balloons
Intentional news-leaks to see what political reactions will be
15 terms
AP US GOVT & POLITICS WORDS
Sovereignty
Federalism
Expressed Powers
Reserved Powers
Legally independent govt.
Shared power between national and state govt.
Explicitly in Const.
Powers for state
Sovereignty
Legally independent govt.
Federalism
Shared power between national and state govt.
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
13 terms
AP Govt. (The American Political Landscape)
Ethnocentrism
Political Socialization
Demographics
Political predisposition
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, valu…
The study of the characteristics of populations.
Characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political…
Ethnocentrism
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
Political Socialization
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, valu…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
17 terms
AP govt. (Political Culture and Ideology)
Political culture
Social capital
Natural rights
Democratic consensus
The widely shared beliefs, vacuum and norms about how citizen…
Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise and res…
The rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called hu…
Widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic…
Political culture
The widely shared beliefs, vacuum and norms about how citizen…
Social capital
Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise and res…
AP govt. (Political Culture and Ideology)
Political culture
Social capital
Natural rights
Democratic consensus
The widely shared beliefs, vacuum and norms about how citizen…
Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise and res…
The rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called hu…
Widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic…
Political culture
The widely shared beliefs, vacuum and norms about how citizen…
Social capital
Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise and res…
147 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Agents of political socialization
Bureaucratic Authoritariansim
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
Individuals, institutions or organizations that influence pol…
A system in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
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