Study sets matching "government politics ap"

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Study sets matching "government politics ap"

1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics
Franking
Rules to be a House member
Rules to be a Senate member
How many members are in congress; the…
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
1. At least 30 years old... 2. American citizen for 9 years... 3. M…
535 members of congress... 100 members in senate (2 members from…
Franking
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
Rules to be a House member
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
52 terms
AP Government and Politics: The Constitution
Congress
The Executive Branch
The Judiciary
25
Article I addresses ________.
Article II addresses ____________________.
Article III addresses _____________.
Members in the House of Representatives must be at least __ y…
Congress
Article I addresses ________.
The Executive Branch
Article II addresses ____________________.
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
59 terms
AP Government and Politics FINAL
The Debates between Federalists and An…
What is gerrymandering used for?
Which constitutional principle most di…
The term "pork barrel" refers to legis…
Scope of Power of Central Gov't
To draw boundary lines to control as many districts as possible
Federalism
Provide funding for local projects that are intended to benef…
The Debates between Federalists and An…
Scope of Power of Central Gov't
What is gerrymandering used for?
To draw boundary lines to control as many districts as possible
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
27 terms
AP Government and Politics Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
protects civil rights which include speech, religion, press,…
The right to bear arms
No quartering of troops in times of peace
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
1st Amendment
protects civil rights which include speech, religion, press,…
2nd Amendment
The right to bear arms
AP Government & Politics- Midterm
advanced industrial democracy
anarchy
authoritarian capitalism
authoritarian governments
a system in which a democratic government allows citizens a c…
the absence of government and laws
a system in which the state allows people economic freedom bu…
systems in which the state holds all power over the social or…
advanced industrial democracy
a system in which a democratic government allows citizens a c…
anarchy
the absence of government and laws
Ap Government and Politics-The Presidency
line-item veto
signing statement
executive agreement
the Fed Chief
from 1996-1998, the practice that the president was able to v…
written message that the president issues upon signing a bill…
international agreement that doesn't need Senate approval; on…
oversees the Federal Reserve Board and manages the economy
line-item veto
from 1996-1998, the practice that the president was able to v…
signing statement
written message that the president issues upon signing a bill…
AP Government and Politics Unit 2
Federal System
Confederation
Unitary System
10th Amendment
system of national government in which the national governmen…
type of government in which the national government derives i…
system of government in which the local and regional governme…
Final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic princ…
Federal System
system of national government in which the national governmen…
Confederation
type of government in which the national government derives i…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
AP Government and Politics Final
Political Socialization
Connecticut Compromise
Political Party Machine
Demographic Voting Information
The process by which political culture is transmitted into a…
A bicameralism system where the House of Representatives was…
Trades votes from people for city jobs/// like some sort of b…
-Women, Less than high school education, Advanced college edu…
Political Socialization
The process by which political culture is transmitted into a…
Connecticut Compromise
A bicameralism system where the House of Representatives was…
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
15 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 2
Natural
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Divided government
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three…
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one h…
Natural
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
21 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary governments
Intergovernmental relations
Supremacy clause
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
The workings of the federal system - the entire set of intera…
The clause in article V I R I of the Constitution that makes…
Federalism
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
Unitary governments
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
33 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS: CHAPTER 1
Annapolis Convention
Anti-Federalists
Authority
Articles of Confederation
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
The power to use power.
The first governing document of the confederated states, draf…
Annapolis Convention
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Anti-Federalists
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
154 terms
AP Government & Politics: Unit 1
government
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
politics
american form of government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
-who gets what, when and how, decision making for policy... -pro…
representative democracy/republic
government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
29 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 1
Government
Public goods
Functions of the national government
Politics
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
Maintain a national defense. Provide public services. Preserv…
The process by which we select a governmental leaders and wha…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
AP Government and Politics Chapter 4
legislature
bicameral legislature
republic
unicameral legislature
the body of government that makes laws
legislature with two chambers
a government in which decisions are made through representati…
a legislature with one chamber
legislature
the body of government that makes laws
bicameral legislature
legislature with two chambers
37 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 3
Devolution revolution
Federalism
Duel federalism
Cooperative federalism
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
Views the Constitution as giving a limited list of powers—pri…
Stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relation…
Devolution revolution
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Federalism
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
36 terms
AP Government: Political Participation
absentee ballot
Andrew Jackson
Australian ballot
Civil Rights Act (1957)
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws reg…
An official ballot printed at public expense on which the nam…
Enacted September 9, 1957, primarily a voting rights bill, wa…
absentee ballot
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws reg…
41 terms
AP Government and Politics: Chapter 11
apportionment
bicameralism
casework
closed rules
the process of assigning the 435 seats in the house to the st…
the system of having two chambers within one legislative body…
assistance provided by members of congress to their constitue…
conditions placed on a legislative debate by the house rules…
apportionment
the process of assigning the 435 seats in the house to the st…
bicameralism
the system of having two chambers within one legislative body…
24 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 8
Political party
Party competition
Rational-choice Theory
Party image
According to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
The voters perception of what Republicans or Democrats stand…
Political party
According to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
Party competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
24 terms
Media and Politics: AP Government and Politics
echo chamber
"shout show" television
agenda setting
bully pulpit
we stick to what we know and what we like
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
determining which public-policy questions will be debated or…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
echo chamber
we stick to what we know and what we like
"shout show" television
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
156 terms
AP Government and Politics Final Review
activist approach
Bicameral legislation
Cabinet
De facto Segregation
the view that judges should discern the general principles un…
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. Example: U…
group of officials who head the 14 major executive government…
racial segregation that occurs in schools, not as a result of…
activist approach
the view that judges should discern the general principles un…
Bicameral legislation
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. Example: U…
101 terms
AP US Government & Politics
Administrative Discretion
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Bureaucracy
Block Grant
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Money given to states for general programs within a broad cat…
Administrative Discretion
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
102 terms
AP US Government & Politics
Administrative Discretion
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Bureaucracy
Block Grant
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Money given to states for general programs within a broad cat…
Administrative Discretion
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Government
Democracy
Representation
Majoritarian
The institution through which public policies are made for a…
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that descr…
Rule by majority
Government
The institution through which public policies are made for a…
Democracy
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
27 terms
AP Government & Politics ~ Amendments
First Amendment
Second Amendment
Third Amendment
Fourth Amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of…
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house,…
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses…
First Amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
Second Amendment
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of…
AP Government and Politics
Power
Authority
Legitimacy
Democracy
The ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
The right to use power.
The degree to which people accept and endorse the actions of…
When most or all of the citizens participate directly in eith…
Power
The ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
Authority
The right to use power.
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
Authority
Bureaucratic View
Client Politics
Creedal Passion View
The power or right to give orders
Relating to the business of running and organization , govern…
Type of politic when an organized minority or interest group…
View that morally impassioned elites drive important politica…
Authority
The power or right to give orders
Bureaucratic View
Relating to the business of running and organization , govern…
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