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Study sets matching "government politics ap"

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Study sets matching "government politics ap"

45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
26 terms
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
29 terms
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics
Franking
Rules to be a House member
Rules to be a Senate member
How many members are in congress; the…
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
1. At least 30 years old... 2. American citizen for 9 years... 3. M…
535 members of congress... 100 members in senate (2 members from…
Franking
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
Rules to be a House member
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
147 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Agents of political socialization
Bureaucratic Authoritariansim
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
Individuals, institutions or organizations that influence pol…
A system in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
AP Government and Politics Unit 2
Federal System
Confederation
Unitary System
10th Amendment
system of national government in which the national governmen…
type of government in which the national government derives i…
system of government in which the local and regional governme…
Final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic princ…
Federal System
system of national government in which the national governmen…
Confederation
type of government in which the national government derives i…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
257 terms
AP Government and Politics Congress Special Edition
House of Representatives
Senate
Incumbants
Casework
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
Those already holding office, in congressional elections they…
What congressional might do to help an individual constituent…
House of Representatives
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Senate
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
40 terms
Ap Government and Politics-The Presidency
line-item veto
signing statement
executive agreement
the Fed Chief
from 1996-1998, the practice that the president was able to v…
written message that the president issues upon signing a bill…
international agreement that doesn't need Senate approval; on…
oversees the Federal Reserve Board and manages the economy
line-item veto
from 1996-1998, the practice that the president was able to v…
signing statement
written message that the president issues upon signing a bill…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
27 terms
AP Government and Politics Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
protects civil rights which include speech, religion, press,…
The right to bear arms
No quartering of troops in times of peace
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
1st Amendment
protects civil rights which include speech, religion, press,…
2nd Amendment
The right to bear arms
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
24 terms
Media and Politics: AP Government and Politics
echo chamber
"shout show" television
agenda setting
bully pulpit
we stick to what we know and what we like
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
determining which public-policy questions will be debated or…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
echo chamber
we stick to what we know and what we like
"shout show" television
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
363 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
"Our Federalism"
527 Organization
Administrative Discretion
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
"Our Federalism"
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
37 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 3
Devolution revolution
Federalism
Duel federalism
Cooperative federalism
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
Views the Constitution as giving a limited list of powers—pri…
Stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relation…
Devolution revolution
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by re…
Federalism
Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed betw…
AP Government and Politics
Define policy agenda.
Explain how the national news media en…
Explain the primary reason the preside…
Describe the difference in the viewing…
A policy agenda is a set of issues, problems, or subjects tha…
They raise awareness, provide information, draw attention, de…
Because the president is one person, while Congress is compos…
Young people tend to watch or view less television than older…
Define policy agenda.
A policy agenda is a set of issues, problems, or subjects tha…
Explain how the national news media en…
They raise awareness, provide information, draw attention, de…
29 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 1
Government
Public goods
Functions of the national government
Politics
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
Maintain a national defense. Provide public services. Preserv…
The process by which we select a governmental leaders and wha…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public goods
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
154 terms
AP Government & Politics: Unit 1
government
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
politics
american form of government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
-who gets what, when and how, decision making for policy... -pro…
representative democracy/republic
government
-institutions and individuals who make policy and conduct the…
individuals/institutions outlined in t…
DMV, courts, post office, congress, IRS, president, executive…
140 terms
AP Government and Politics
Declaration of Independence Ideas
Lockes Principles
Declaration of Independence (Montesqui…
Declaration of Independence
Taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu .
Natural rights, life, liberty, and property and the consent o…
Offers a new philosophy of government that includes "unaliena…
Creates a rationale for breaking away from England in a serie…
Declaration of Independence Ideas
Taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu .
Lockes Principles
Natural rights, life, liberty, and property and the consent o…
36 terms
AP Government: Political Participation
absentee ballot
Andrew Jackson
Australian ballot
Civil Rights Act (1957)
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws reg…
An official ballot printed at public expense on which the nam…
Enacted September 9, 1957, primarily a voting rights bill, wa…
absentee ballot
A ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an elec…
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws reg…
65 terms
AP Government and Politics
Incumbent
Caucus
Grassroots lobbying
Mandatory spending
An officeholder who is running for reelection
A Face-to-face meetings of party members at the local or stat…
Ordinary citizens raising awareness for a cause and pushing t…
Expenditures that the federal government is obligated to make…
Incumbent
An officeholder who is running for reelection
Caucus
A Face-to-face meetings of party members at the local or stat…
33 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS: CHAPTER 1
Annapolis Convention
Anti-Federalists
Authority
Articles of Confederation
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
The power to use power.
The first governing document of the confederated states, draf…
Annapolis Convention
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Anti-Federalists
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
7 terms
AP Government & Politics
High-tech Politics
Mass Media
Media Events
Press Conferences
A politics in which the behavior of citizens in which the beh…
Television, radio, newspapers ,magazines, the Internet, and o…
Events that are purposely staged for the media and are signif…
Meetings of public officials with reporters.
High-tech Politics
A politics in which the behavior of citizens in which the beh…
Mass Media
Television, radio, newspapers ,magazines, the Internet, and o…
61 terms
AP Government & Politics - Political Jargon
inside the beltway
policy wonk
flip-flop
John Q. Public
a phrase used to describe matters that are important to U.S.…
a person who is an expert in politics, overly concerned with…
a sudden, unexpected change in a policy, value, or belief
a common name used by the U.S. to describe a hypothetical mem…
inside the beltway
a phrase used to describe matters that are important to U.S.…
policy wonk
a person who is an expert in politics, overly concerned with…
36 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 4
legislature
bicameral legislature
republic
unicameral legislature
the body of government that makes laws
legislature with two chambers
a government in which decisions are made through representati…
a legislature with one chamber
legislature
the body of government that makes laws
bicameral legislature
legislature with two chambers
16 terms
Ap government Political Ideology
Monarchy
Totalitarianism
Oligarchy
Direct democracy
power is vested in kings and queens through heredity in the i…
this is an economic system in which the leader (dictator) has…
participation in government is based on the possession of wea…
Members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions an…
Monarchy
power is vested in kings and queens through heredity in the i…
Totalitarianism
this is an economic system in which the leader (dictator) has…
102 terms
AP US Government & Politics
Administrative Discretion
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Bureaucracy
Block Grant
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Money given to states for general programs within a broad cat…
Administrative Discretion
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
46 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 4
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
the constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
the constitutional amendment that protects the four great lib…
the 1883 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
civil liberties
the constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
AP Government and Politics Unit 1
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Federal System
Legislative Branch is Composed of
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
system of government in which the national government and sta…
congress which consists of the senate and the house of repres…
Separation of Powers
a way of dividing the power of government among legislative,…
Checks and Balances
constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the th…
101 terms
AP US Government & Politics
Administrative Discretion
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Bureaucracy
Block Grant
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Money given to states for general programs within a broad cat…
Administrative Discretion
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
310 terms
AP US Government & Politics
Affirmative Action
Agenda Setting
Ambassador
Amicus Curiae Brief
A policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
The process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
A personal representative appointed by the head of a nation t…
Friend of the court; interested groups may be invited to file…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
Agenda Setting
The process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
41 terms
AP Government and Politics: Chapter 9
Nomination
Nomination Campaign
Election Campaign
Nation Party Convention
the official endorsement of a candidate
a campaign that focuses on getting nominated through primary
usually between 2, focus is to be elected into that election…
the supreme power of a party, determine every 4 years they de…
Nomination
the official endorsement of a candidate
Nomination Campaign
a campaign that focuses on getting nominated through primary
15 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 2
Natural
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Divided government
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three…
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one h…
Natural
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
21 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary governments
Intergovernmental relations
Supremacy clause
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
The workings of the federal system - the entire set of intera…
The clause in article V I R I of the Constitution that makes…
Federalism
A way of organizing a nation so that two more levels of gover…
Unitary governments
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
29 terms
AP Government and Politics - A - B
bureaucratic view
bureaucracy
bully pulpit
budget resolution
Idea that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials…
The president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
A congressional decision that states the maximum amount of mo…
bureaucratic view
Idea that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
bureaucracy
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials…
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