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Study sets matching "government supreme court"

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Study sets matching "government supreme court"

20 terms
Supreme Court Government Test
The 9 justices of the current Supreme…
Who is the current Chief Justice of th…
Who is often the swing vote of the Sup…
Which article of the Constitution is t…
Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Ginsbu…
John Roberts
Anthony Kennedy
3
The 9 justices of the current Supreme…
Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Ginsbu…
Who is the current Chief Justice of th…
John Roberts
12 terms
American Government Supreme Court
Certiorari OR Cert
Writ
Opinion Decision
Concurring Opinion
A writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
A formal written order issued by a government entity (equalit…
A conclusion reached after an evaluation of facts and law whi…
A written opinion by one or more judges of a court who agrees…
Certiorari OR Cert
A writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
Writ
A formal written order issued by a government entity (equalit…
15 terms
Government- Supreme Court Test
The supreme court has original jurisdi…
writ of certiorar
docket
amicus curiae
1.) Diplomatic representatives of other nations... 2.)Disputes b…
when the supreme court requests a case, this cert is issued t…
a schedule of cases
a brief submitted by a group that is interested in the case b…
The supreme court has original jurisdi…
1.) Diplomatic representatives of other nations... 2.)Disputes b…
writ of certiorar
when the supreme court requests a case, this cert is issued t…
12 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Brown v. Board of Education
McCulloch v. Maryland
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Marbury v. Madison
Significance: The ruling of this case paved the way for integ…
Significance: Established that constitution grants implied po…
Significance: Raised fierce attacks toward decision.... Outcome…
Significance: Formed basis for judicial review.... Outcome: Mar…
Brown v. Board of Education
Significance: The ruling of this case paved the way for integ…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Significance: Established that constitution grants implied po…
42 terms
Government Supreme Court
swing state
red state
blue state
how does the supreme court accept a case
also known as battle ground state, a state where no single ca…
a state that predominantly votes for the republican party
a state that predominantly votes for the democratic party
if it is important to the nation and 4 justices agree
swing state
also known as battle ground state, a state where no single ca…
red state
a state that predominantly votes for the republican party
39 terms
Government: Supreme Court Cases
Adarand Const v. Pena
Craig v. Boren
Gideon v. Wainwright
Mapp v. Ohio
Any program that classifies based on race is subject to stric…
Programs which classify based on gender are subject to medium…
The state has to provide a lawyer if the accused is too poor.…
Establishes the "exclusionary rule". -4th Amendment
Adarand Const v. Pena
Any program that classifies based on race is subject to stric…
Craig v. Boren
Programs which classify based on gender are subject to medium…
9 terms
Government Supreme Court
AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
APPELLATE JURISDICTION
JUDICIAL ACTIVISM
JUDICIAL RESTRAINT
A friend of the court brief filed by an interest group or int…
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
The philosophy that the Supreme Court must correct injustices…
The philosophy of the Supreme Court should use precedent and…
AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
A friend of the court brief filed by an interest group or int…
APPELLATE JURISDICTION
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
22 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Case Study 1... The Supreme Court's Power…
Case Study 2... Power of the Federal Gove…
Case Study 4... Regulation of Interstate…
Case Study 6... The Right to Freedom of E…
This case formed the basis of the boundaries between the exec…
Established the federal government's implied powers over the…
Determined that the commerce clause of the Constitution grant…
Denied citizenship to African American slaves. Also that the…
Case Study 1... The Supreme Court's Power…
This case formed the basis of the boundaries between the exec…
Case Study 2... Power of the Federal Gove…
Established the federal government's implied powers over the…
18 terms
Government - Supreme Court Case
Marbury v. Madison
Gibbons v. Ogden
Johnson v. McIntosh
Scott v. Sanford
1803. The court established its role as the judge of the cons…
1824. Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressiona…
1823. Established that Indian tribes had rights to tribal lan…
1857. Dred Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in cou…
Marbury v. Madison
1803. The court established its role as the judge of the cons…
Gibbons v. Ogden
1824. Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressiona…
11 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)
Miranda vs. Arizona (1966)
Established the precedent of Judicial Review
Declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
Declared that blacks weren't citizens and didn't have the rig…
Made it a legal requirement that people be informed of their…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Established the precedent of Judicial Review
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
Declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
34 terms
Academic Government - Supreme Court
exclusionary rule
probable cause
due process
appeal
evidence that is found illegally cannot be used against them…
the right to have suspicion of someone doing illegal activity…
4-8 rights - Miranda v. Gideon
to bring to a higher court and see if justice is being served
exclusionary rule
evidence that is found illegally cannot be used against them…
probable cause
the right to have suspicion of someone doing illegal activity…
12 terms
Government - Supreme Court and Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
Freedom of religion
Right to own guns
Protects against illegal searches
Protection against Self-Incrimination (being forced to confess)
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion
2nd Amendment
Right to own guns
54 terms
AP Government - Supreme Court
What did the aricles of confederation…
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison
What is judicial review?
No nationl court system
Established 13 district courts and 3 circuit courts, all with…
1803 Supreme Court case that established Judicial review
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
What did the aricles of confederation…
No nationl court system
Judiciary Act of 1789
Established 13 district courts and 3 circuit courts, all with…
27 terms
Government: Supreme Court
Civil case
Criminal case
Plantiff
defendant
disupute over any legal rights; sue someone or something
government brings a suit against a person; accussation of bre…
one who files a suit
one who is accussed
Civil case
disupute over any legal rights; sue someone or something
Criminal case
government brings a suit against a person; accussation of bre…
40 terms
US Government--Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Barron v. Baltimore
Judicial Review... How much power does s. court have? It has ri…
National Supremacy ... In conflict between national or state go…
Interstate commerce... Who has power to control interstate comm…
Eminent Domain ... Does bill of rights apply to states AND fed…
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review... How much power does s. court have? It has ri…
McCulloch v. Maryland
National Supremacy ... In conflict between national or state go…
13 terms
Supreme Court Ideology Government
What is Judicial activism and Judicial…
How are Justices of the supreme court…
Why do justices get their jobs for life
How do Liberals and Conservatives view…
Judicial activism is the interpretation of the Constitution t…
The President nominates a potential justice, and the Senate v…
The reason for the life term of federal judges is because it…
Liberals- to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all a…
What is Judicial activism and Judicial…
Judicial activism is the interpretation of the Constitution t…
How are Justices of the supreme court…
The President nominates a potential justice, and the Senate v…
37 terms
AP Government: The Supreme Court
What is the size of the supreme court?
What are two general descriptions of t…
Who appoints the Chief Justice of the…
What are the roles of the Chief Justice?
8 justices and 1 chief justice.
Highest court in the land, also known as "court of last resort"
The president and approved by the senate.
Head of judicial branch, presides over Supreme Court, preside…
What is the size of the supreme court?
8 justices and 1 chief justice.
What are two general descriptions of t…
Highest court in the land, also known as "court of last resort"
42 terms
Government - Supreme Court Exam
These courts deprive their power from…
Trial court
People engaged in lawsuits are called
A formal accusatiom handed down by the…
Federal Courts
Jurisdiction
Litigent
Indictment
These courts deprive their power from…
Federal Courts
Trial court
Jurisdiction
37 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
Established a broad view of the commerce clause when a federa…
Justice Taney's opinion in this case stated that slave owners…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
AP Government: The Supreme Court
appellate jurisdiction
senatorial courtesy
writ of certiorari
rule of four
the authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
an unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
an order by the supreme court directing a lower court to send…
the supreme court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
senatorial courtesy
an unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
27 terms
Government: Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme C…
What is the main job of the Chief Just…
What is the main job of the Supreme Co…
What is the main job of a law clerk?
9 total (1 Chief Justice & 8 Associate judges)
carries out the leadership role in the court's judicial work…
rule & hear on cases
-assists justices with many tasks... -enable the justices to con…
How many justices are on the Supreme C…
9 total (1 Chief Justice & 8 Associate judges)
What is the main job of the Chief Just…
carries out the leadership role in the court's judicial work…
50 terms
Government Supreme Court Test
Constitutional Courts
Jurisdiction
Hear
Exclusive jurisdiction
federal courts that Congress has formed to exercise the judic…
authority of the Court to hear a case; the power to say the law
to try and to decide a case
case can only be heard in the Federal Courts
Constitutional Courts
federal courts that Congress has formed to exercise the judic…
Jurisdiction
authority of the Court to hear a case; the power to say the law
51 terms
Supreme Court Government Test
Political preference of Robert's court?
Is the judicial branch above politics?
What was the Judiciary act of 1789?
How many justices on original SC?
Conservative
Judicial branch is not above politics
Judiciary act of 1789 established the SC. It was vague and al…
6 justices on the original supreme court
Political preference of Robert's court?
Conservative
Is the judicial branch above politics?
Judicial branch is not above politics
63 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a prima…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
63 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a prima…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
41 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
The court ruled that giving money to a political campaign was…
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
12 terms
Government quiz supreme court
Highest court in the country
How many members on the supreme court
How long is a term
How do you get on the supreme court
Supreme
9
Life
Appointed by the president, confirmed by senate
Highest court in the country
Supreme
How many members on the supreme court
9
19 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
Arizona v united states
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination in public…
A US Supreme Court case that involved an act allowing Arizona…
The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor ... Law…
The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and uphol…
Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination in public…
Arizona v united states
A US Supreme Court case that involved an act allowing Arizona…
15 terms
Government Supreme Court Test
List all the Supreme Court Justices in…
Which Presidents did the S.C Justices…
Who approves the Justices?
How long is there term?
1.Roberts ... 2.Kennedy... 3.Thomas ... 4.Ginsberg... 5.Breyer... 6.Alito... 7.…
1.Roberts-Bush (Roberts)... 2.Kennedy-Regan (Killed)... 3.Thomas-Re…
The Senate
For life
List all the Supreme Court Justices in…
1.Roberts ... 2.Kennedy... 3.Thomas ... 4.Ginsberg... 5.Breyer... 6.Alito... 7.…
Which Presidents did the S.C Justices…
1.Roberts-Bush (Roberts)... 2.Kennedy-Regan (Killed)... 3.Thomas-Re…
31 terms
Playposit Government Unit 3, Supreme Court Cases
Electoral College
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
Citizenship
A body of electors from each state who cast votes to elect th…
Supporters of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favo…
Opponents of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favor…
The status of being a citizen, a person who by birth or natur…
Electoral College
A body of electors from each state who cast votes to elect th…
Federalists
Supporters of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favo…
11 terms
government- supreme court justices
I was appointed by President Ford in 1…
I was appointed by Ronald Reagan in 19…
I was appointed by President Nixon in…
I was appointed by President Bush in 1…
John Paul Stevens
anthony kennedy
Harry Blackmun
Clarence Thomas
I was appointed by President Ford in 1…
John Paul Stevens
I was appointed by Ronald Reagan in 19…
anthony kennedy
57 terms
Government Supreme Courts Cases
Engle v Vitale
Sedition and Alien Acts
Alien acts
Espionage act
School board wrote prayer to be read every morning in every s…
John Adams running for 2nd term and fears new citizens will v…
If you criticize the government you can be thrown in jail or…
Not allow to condemn war and you cannot talk about what job y…
Engle v Vitale
School board wrote prayer to be read every morning in every s…
Sedition and Alien Acts
John Adams running for 2nd term and fears new citizens will v…
63 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a prima…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
32 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803) -- John Mars…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) -- John M…
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) -- John Marshall
Baker v. Carr (1962)
Established the principle of judicial review. Strengthened th…
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
Strengthened the power of the federal government to regulate…
Ruled that the judicial branch of government can rule on matt…
Marbury v. Madison (1803) -- John Mars…
Established the principle of judicial review. Strengthened th…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) -- John M…
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
20 terms
Functions of government and Supreme Court
The preamble of the constitution demon…
"Senate rejects Supreme Court nominee"…
What is the major result of the Suprem…
The term judicial review is best defin…
people
Check and balances
The powers of the federal gov were expanded
Power of the Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality…
The preamble of the constitution demon…
people
"Senate rejects Supreme Court nominee"…
Check and balances
11 terms
Supreme Court & Role of Government
Which is an example of federal suprema…
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to c…
What was a result of Gibbons v. Ogden?
How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the id…
State banks must pay taxes to the more powerful federal gover…
argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes.... created t…
Aaron Ogden got permission to operate his steamboats in New Y…
It said that federal judicial review is required in all state…
Which is an example of federal suprema…
State banks must pay taxes to the more powerful federal gover…
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to c…
argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes.... created t…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
37 terms
AP Government: Supreme Court Cases
Baker v. Carr
Barron v. Baltimore
Bob Jones University v. US
Brandenburg v. Ohio
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
(1983) The government's fundamental, overriding interest in e…
(1969) Speech that does not call for illegal action is protec…
Baker v. Carr
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
Barron v. Baltimore
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
22 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Engel v. Vital (Establishment Clause)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (Establishment Clause)
Reynolds v. United States (Free Exerci…
Oregon v. Smith (Free Exercise Clause)
Struck down state-sponsored prayer in public schools.... (Establ…
Struck down state funding for private religious schools.... (Est…
Banned Polygamy.... (Free Exercise Clause)
Banned the use of illegal drugs in religious ceremonies.... (Fre…
Engel v. Vital (Establishment Clause)
Struck down state-sponsored prayer in public schools.... (Establ…
Lemon v. Kurtzman (Establishment Clause)
Struck down state funding for private religious schools.... (Est…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
32 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
The Court ruled that states did not have the power to tax the…
Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public sch…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
31 terms
PCAP Government Supreme Court Cases
Gitlow v. New York
Barron v. Baltimore
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Supreme Court found that freedoms of press and speech are "fu…
Decision by the Supreme Court holding that the bill of rights…
Supreme Court said that New York violated the 1st Amendment w…
Supreme Court established aid to church-related schools and t…
Gitlow v. New York
Supreme Court found that freedoms of press and speech are "fu…
Barron v. Baltimore
Decision by the Supreme Court holding that the bill of rights…
22 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Reynolds v. U.S. (1879)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1972)
Engle v. Vitale (1961)
Mapp v. Ohio (1960)
Summary: George Reynolds, secretary to Mormon Church leader B…
Summary: Nonpublic religious schools benefit from federal fun…
Summary: New York authorized a short, nondenominational praye…
Summary: Police officer intrudes a woman's home without a war…
Reynolds v. U.S. (1879)
Summary: George Reynolds, secretary to Mormon Church leader B…
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1972)
Summary: Nonpublic religious schools benefit from federal fun…
63 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a prima…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
72 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Gideon v. Wainwright
Bethel School District v. Fraiser
1833: Bill of Rights only applies to the national government.
1925: 14th Amendment said that state government must respect…
1963: Every person has the right to a lawyer no matter how sm…
1986: Gave public school officials the authority to suspend s…
Barron v. Baltimore
1833: Bill of Rights only applies to the national government.
Gitlow v. New York
1925: 14th Amendment said that state government must respect…
21 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Established judicial review, strengthening the power of the j…
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
Strengthened the power of the federal government to regulate…
Struck down state-sponsored prayer in public schools, ruling…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review, strengthening the power of the j…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
23 terms
Supreme Court
How many justices sit on the Supreme C…
Which article established and defined…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The current Chief Justice of the Unite…
9
Article 3
Legislative act that established the basic three-tiered struc…
Justice Roberts
How many justices sit on the Supreme C…
9
Which article established and defined…
Article 3
37 terms
AP Government: Supreme Court Cases
Baker v. Carr
Barron v. Baltimore
Bob Jones University v. US
Brandenburg v. Ohio
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
(1983) The government's fundamental, overriding interest in e…
(1969) Speech that does not call for illegal action is protec…
Baker v. Carr
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
Barron v. Baltimore
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
37 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
Reynolds v. U.S. (1879)
Bunn v. North Carolina (1949)
Summary:... Amish refused to send children to public school afte…
Summary:... Girl refuses to work on Saturday because it's the Sa…
Summary:... Man tried to challenge the anti-bigamy law by marryi…
Summary:... Bunn used venomous snakes in religious practice.... Ru…
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
Summary:... Amish refused to send children to public school afte…
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
Summary:... Girl refuses to work on Saturday because it's the Sa…
49 terms
Government: Important Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodw…
Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
Established the power of the Supreme Court to declare an act…
Expanded Congress's ability to use its implied powers
Held that the Constitution protects private charters
Ruled that a state court's decision is subject to review by t…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established the power of the Supreme Court to declare an act…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Expanded Congress's ability to use its implied powers
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