Study sets matching "government supreme court"

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Study sets matching "government supreme court"

26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
Government - Supreme Court Case
Marbury v. Madison
Gibbons v. Ogden
Johnson v. McIntosh
Scott v. Sanford
1803. The court established its role as the judge of the cons…
1824. Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressiona…
1823. Established that Indian tribes had rights to tribal lan…
1857. Dred Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in cou…
Marbury v. Madison
1803. The court established its role as the judge of the cons…
Gibbons v. Ogden
1824. Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressiona…
Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)
Miranda vs. Arizona (1966)
Established the precedent of Judicial Review
Declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
Declared that blacks weren't citizens and didn't have the rig…
Made it a legal requirement that people be informed of their…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Established the precedent of Judicial Review
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
Declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
39 terms
Government: Supreme Court Cases
Adarand Const v. Pena
Craig v. Boren
Gideon v. Wainwright
Mapp v. Ohio
Any program that classifies based on race is subject to stric…
Programs which classify based on gender are subject to medium…
The state has to provide a lawyer if the accused is too poor.…
Establishes the "exclusionary rule". -4th Amendment
Adarand Const v. Pena
Any program that classifies based on race is subject to stric…
Craig v. Boren
Programs which classify based on gender are subject to medium…
9 terms
Government Supreme Court
AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
APPELLATE JURISDICTION
JUDICIAL ACTIVISM
JUDICIAL RESTRAINT
A friend of the court brief filed by an interest group or int…
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
The philosophy that the Supreme Court must correct injustices…
The philosophy of the Supreme Court should use precedent and…
AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF
A friend of the court brief filed by an interest group or int…
APPELLATE JURISDICTION
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
18 terms
The Supreme Court and the Role of Government
What was the most significant result o…
In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the…
In the case Marbury v. Madison, what w…
What was the purpose of the Judiciary…
not b
a
not b
not c
What was the most significant result o…
not b
In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the…
a
22 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Case Study 1... The Supreme Court's Power…
Case Study 2... Power of the Federal Gove…
Case Study 4... Regulation of Interstate…
Case Study 6... The Right to Freedom of E…
This case formed the basis of the boundaries between the exec…
Established the federal government's implied powers over the…
Determined that the commerce clause of the Constitution grant…
Denied citizenship to African American slaves. Also that the…
Case Study 1... The Supreme Court's Power…
This case formed the basis of the boundaries between the exec…
Case Study 2... Power of the Federal Gove…
Established the federal government's implied powers over the…
Government: Supreme Court
What was the only court established by…
Most of the s.c. cases come from where?
What is a dissenting opinion?
Which court reduced the caseload for t…
U.S. supreme court
State courts and federal courts of appeal
Written by those judges that do not agree with the courts maj…
Court of appeals
What was the only court established by…
U.S. supreme court
Most of the s.c. cases come from where?
State courts and federal courts of appeal
27 terms
Government Supreme Court
Concurrent jurisdiction
What court hears about tariffs?
"G.I. Supreme Court"
Senatorial courtesy
Federal and state courts both have jurisdiction.
Court of international trade
Court of appeals for armed forces
President submits name to senate before actually appointing
Concurrent jurisdiction
Federal and state courts both have jurisdiction.
What court hears about tariffs?
Court of international trade
34 terms
Academic Government - Supreme Court
exclusionary rule
probable cause
due process
appeal
evidence that is found illegally cannot be used against them…
the right to have suspicion of someone doing illegal activity…
4-8 rights - Miranda v. Gideon
to bring to a higher court and see if justice is being served
exclusionary rule
evidence that is found illegally cannot be used against them…
probable cause
the right to have suspicion of someone doing illegal activity…
Government test supreme court
you get your natural rights when you are
what makes natural rights natural?
natural rights are
constitution and bill of rights protec…
born
they are God-given
unalienable
the government
you get your natural rights when you are
born
what makes natural rights natural?
they are God-given
13 terms
Government - Supreme Court Quiz
Chief Justice
Longest term currently
Hardly Ever Talks
9 Supreme Court Justices
John G. Roberts
Antonin Scalia
Clarence Thomas
Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bad…
Chief Justice
John G. Roberts
Longest term currently
Antonin Scalia
27 terms
Government: Supreme Court
Civil case
Criminal case
Plantiff
defendant
disupute over any legal rights; sue someone or something
government brings a suit against a person; accussation of bre…
one who files a suit
one who is accussed
Civil case
disupute over any legal rights; sue someone or something
Criminal case
government brings a suit against a person; accussation of bre…
Government - Supreme Court Quiz
role of president
senatorial congress
nomination
review
appoints all federal judges, senate approves
president nominates someone recommended by the senators from…
president puts forth nominee to senate; considers party, phil…
vetting by senate judiciary committee; includes background ch…
role of president
appoints all federal judges, senate approves
senatorial congress
president nominates someone recommended by the senators from…
20 terms
Supreme Court Government Test
The 9 justices of the current Supreme…
Who is the current Chief Justice of th…
Who is often the swing vote of the Sup…
Which article of the Constitution is t…
Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Ginsbu…
John Roberts
Anthony Kennedy
3
The 9 justices of the current Supreme…
Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Ginsbu…
Who is the current Chief Justice of th…
John Roberts
54 terms
AP Government - Supreme Court
What did the aricles of confederation…
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison
What is judicial review?
No nationl court system
Established 13 district courts and 3 circuit courts, all with…
1803 Supreme Court case that established Judicial review
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
What did the aricles of confederation…
No nationl court system
Judiciary Act of 1789
Established 13 district courts and 3 circuit courts, all with…
Government and Supreme Court Cases
Grand Jury
Requirements for House of Representati…
Article two
Executive branch
A legal body that makes official proceedings to whether someo…
Have to be 25 years old ... Be a US citizen for at least 7 years…
All about the executive branch
In charge of handling US affairs
Grand Jury
A legal body that makes official proceedings to whether someo…
Requirements for House of Representati…
Have to be 25 years old ... Be a US citizen for at least 7 years…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
42 terms
Government - Supreme Court Exam
These courts deprive their power from…
Trial court
People engaged in lawsuits are called
A formal accusatiom handed down by the…
Federal Courts
Jurisdiction
Litigent
Indictment
These courts deprive their power from…
Federal Courts
Trial court
Jurisdiction
AP Government: The Supreme Court
appellate jurisdiction
senatorial courtesy
writ of certiorari
rule of four
the authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
an unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
an order by the supreme court directing a lower court to send…
the supreme court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
senatorial courtesy
an unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
13 terms
Supreme Court Ideology Government
What is Judicial activism and Judicial…
How are Justices of the supreme court…
Why do justices get their jobs for life
How do Liberals and Conservatives view…
Judicial activism is the interpretation of the Constitution t…
The President nominates a potential justice, and the Senate v…
The reason for the life term of federal judges is because it…
Liberals- to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all a…
What is Judicial activism and Judicial…
Judicial activism is the interpretation of the Constitution t…
How are Justices of the supreme court…
The President nominates a potential justice, and the Senate v…
AP Government: Supreme Court Cases
Baker v. Carr
Barron v. Baltimore
Bob Jones University v. US
Brandenburg v. Ohio
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
(1983) The government's fundamental, overriding interest in e…
(1969) Speech that does not call for illegal action is protec…
Baker v. Carr
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
Barron v. Baltimore
(1883) Bill of Rights does not apply to the states
119 terms
Government Test - Supreme Court
Espionage Act
Charles Schenck
Schenck v. United States
civil liberties
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
General Secretary for the American Socialist Party; opposed t…
allowed the courts to apply a "balancing test" in free speech…
basic freedoms that are considered to be the birthright of al…
Espionage Act
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
Charles Schenck
General Secretary for the American Socialist Party; opposed t…
Government Supreme Court Test
Constitutional Courts
Jurisdiction
Hear
Exclusive jurisdiction
federal courts that Congress has formed to exercise the judic…
authority of the Court to hear a case; the power to say the law
to try and to decide a case
case can only be heard in the Federal Courts
Constitutional Courts
federal courts that Congress has formed to exercise the judic…
Jurisdiction
authority of the Court to hear a case; the power to say the law
12 terms
Government - Supreme Court and Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
Freedom of religion
Right to own guns
Protects against illegal searches
Protection against Self-Incrimination (being forced to confess)
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion
2nd Amendment
Right to own guns
51 terms
Supreme Court Government Test
Political preference of Robert's court?
Is the judicial branch above politics?
What was the Judiciary act of 1789?
How many justices on original SC?
Conservative
Judicial branch is not above politics
Judiciary act of 1789 established the SC. It was vague and al…
6 justices on the original supreme court
Political preference of Robert's court?
Conservative
Is the judicial branch above politics?
Judicial branch is not above politics
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Engel v. Vital (Establishment Clause)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (Establishment Clause)
Reynolds v. United States (Free Exerci…
Oregon v. Smith (Free Exercise Clause)
Struck down state-sponsored prayer in public schools.... (Establ…
Struck down state funding for private religious schools.... (Est…
Banned Polygamy.... (Free Exercise Clause)
Banned the use of illegal drugs in religious ceremonies.... (Fre…
Engel v. Vital (Establishment Clause)
Struck down state-sponsored prayer in public schools.... (Establ…
Lemon v. Kurtzman (Establishment Clause)
Struck down state funding for private religious schools.... (Est…
63 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a prima…
Ordered House districts to be near as equal as possible--ensh…
Schenck v. United States (1917)
Justice Oliver Wendell Homes articulated the "clear and prese…
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
Held that states did not enjoy sovereign immunity from lawsui…
12 terms
Government quiz supreme court
Highest court in the country
How many members on the supreme court
How long is a term
How do you get on the supreme court
Supreme
9
Life
Appointed by the president, confirmed by senate
Highest court in the country
Supreme
How many members on the supreme court
9
20 terms
SB Government -- Supreme Court Justices
* G.W. Bush Appointed ... * Roman Catholi…
*Clinton Appointed... * Harvard Law... * Mod…
* Clinton Appointed ... * Columbia Law Sc…
* Barack Obama Appointed ... * Yale Law... *…
Justice Alito
Justice Breyer
Justice Ginsberg
Justice Sotomayer
* G.W. Bush Appointed ... * Roman Catholi…
Justice Alito
*Clinton Appointed... * Harvard Law... * Mod…
Justice Breyer
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
Arizona v united states
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination in public…
A US Supreme Court case that involved an act allowing Arizona…
The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor ... Law…
The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and uphol…
Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination in public…
Arizona v united states
A US Supreme Court case that involved an act allowing Arizona…
37 terms
AP Government: The Supreme Court
What is the size of the supreme court?
What are two general descriptions of t…
Who appoints the Chief Justice of the…
What are the roles of the Chief Justice?
8 justices and 1 chief justice.
Highest court in the land, also known as "court of last resort"
The president and approved by the senate.
Head of judicial branch, presides over Supreme Court, preside…
What is the size of the supreme court?
8 justices and 1 chief justice.
What are two general descriptions of t…
Highest court in the land, also known as "court of last resort"
31 terms
PCAP Government Supreme Court Cases
Gitlow v. New York
Barron v. Baltimore
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Supreme Court found that freedoms of press and speech are "fu…
Decision by the Supreme Court holding that the bill of rights…
Supreme Court said that New York violated the 1st Amendment w…
Supreme Court established aid to church-related schools and t…
Gitlow v. New York
Supreme Court found that freedoms of press and speech are "fu…
Barron v. Baltimore
Decision by the Supreme Court holding that the bill of rights…
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Gideon v. Wainwright
Bethel School District v. Fraiser
1833: Bill of Rights only applies to the national government.
1925: 14th Amendment said that state government must respect…
1963: Every person has the right to a lawyer no matter how sm…
1986: Gave public school officials the authority to suspend s…
Barron v. Baltimore
1833: Bill of Rights only applies to the national government.
Gitlow v. New York
1925: 14th Amendment said that state government must respect…
44 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Barron V. Balitmore 1833
Gitlow V. New York 1925
Near V. Minnesota 1931
Schenck V. United States 1919
The Bill of Rights is a limitation on the exercise of power o…
A state may punish utterances endangering the foundations of…
A Minnesota law that "gagged" a periodical from publishing de…
The distribution of leaflets using impassioned language claim…
Barron V. Balitmore 1833
The Bill of Rights is a limitation on the exercise of power o…
Gitlow V. New York 1925
A state may punish utterances endangering the foundations of…
32 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803) -- John Mars…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) -- John M…
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) -- John Marshall
Baker v. Carr (1962)
Established the principle of judicial review. Strengthened th…
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
Strengthened the power of the federal government to regulate…
Ruled that the judicial branch of government can rule on matt…
Marbury v. Madison (1803) -- John Mars…
Established the principle of judicial review. Strengthened th…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) -- John M…
Confirmed the right of Congress to utilize implied powers to…
Government supreme court cases
RAV v. St. Paul
Miller v. California
Stanley v. Georgia
Tinker v. DesMonies
SC ruled that you cant prohibit freedom of speech based on co…
Obscenity isn't protected by the constitution
The state may not view what people view in private
SC ruled that students symbolic speech is allowed so long as…
RAV v. St. Paul
SC ruled that you cant prohibit freedom of speech based on co…
Miller v. California
Obscenity isn't protected by the constitution
57 terms
Government Supreme Courts Cases
Engle v Vitale
Sedition and Alien Acts
Alien acts
Espionage act
School board wrote prayer to be read every morning in every s…
John Adams running for 2nd term and fears new citizens will v…
If you criticize the government you can be thrown in jail or…
Not allow to condemn war and you cannot talk about what job y…
Engle v Vitale
School board wrote prayer to be read every morning in every s…
Sedition and Alien Acts
John Adams running for 2nd term and fears new citizens will v…
42 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Abingdon Township v Schempp
Barron v Baltimore
Buckley v Valeo
Baker v Carr
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
PACs may exist and individual candidates may spend unlimited…
Redistricting must be set as "one person, one vote"
Abingdon Township v Schempp
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Barron v Baltimore
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
52 terms
MVCS AP US Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison 1803
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819
Gibbons v. Ogden 1824
Dred Scott v. Sanford 1857
Justice Marshall avoided a confrontation with President Jeffe…
This established the supremacy of national over state legisla…
Usually cited as a precedent whenever the power of the state…
Dred Scott was the first case since Marbury 1803 that the Sup…
Marbury v. Madison 1803
Justice Marshall avoided a confrontation with President Jeffe…
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819
This established the supremacy of national over state legisla…
Government (Supreme Court Review)
Presentment Clause
Elastic Clause
Commerce Clause
Constitutional Limits
Outlines legislature for bills to turn into laws.
Congress's ability to establish "necessary and proper" clause…
Congress authorised to regulate commerce (states, foreign nat…
Promises habeas corpus, no bills of attainder, and no ex post…
Presentment Clause
Outlines legislature for bills to turn into laws.
Elastic Clause
Congress's ability to establish "necessary and proper" clause…
20 terms
Functions of government and Supreme Court
The preamble of the constitution demon…
"Senate rejects Supreme Court nominee"…
What is the major result of the Suprem…
The term judicial review is best defin…
people
Check and balances
The powers of the federal gov were expanded
Power of the Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality…
The preamble of the constitution demon…
people
"Senate rejects Supreme Court nominee"…
Check and balances
11 terms
Supreme Court & Role of Government
Which is an example of federal suprema…
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to c…
What was a result of Gibbons v. Ogden?
How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the id…
State banks must pay taxes to the more powerful federal gover…
argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes.... created t…
Aaron Ogden got permission to operate his steamboats in New Y…
It said that federal judicial review is required in all state…
Which is an example of federal suprema…
State banks must pay taxes to the more powerful federal gover…
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to c…
argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes.... created t…
31 terms
Playposit Government Unit 3, Supreme Court Cases
Electoral College
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
Citizenship
A body of electors from each state who cast votes to elect th…
Supporters of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favo…
Opponents of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favor…
The status of being a citizen, a person who by birth or natur…
Electoral College
A body of electors from each state who cast votes to elect th…
Federalists
Supporters of ratification of the U.S. Constitution, who favo…
29 terms
Ap Government Supreme Court Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Engel v. Vitale
The 1833 Supreme Court Decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
The 1925 Supreme Court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
The 1971 Supreme Court decision that established that aid to…
The 1962 Supreme Court decision holding that state officials…
Barron v. Baltimore
The 1833 Supreme Court Decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
Gitlow v. New York
The 1925 Supreme Court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
12 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Brown v. Board of Education
McCulloch v. Maryland
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Marbury v. Madison
Significance: The ruling of this case paved the way for integ…
Significance: Established that constitution grants implied po…
Significance: Raised fierce attacks toward decision.... Outcome…
Significance: Formed basis for judicial review.... Outcome: Mar…
Brown v. Board of Education
Significance: The ruling of this case paved the way for integ…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Significance: Established that constitution grants implied po…
42 terms
government supreme court cases
Abingdon Township v Schempp 1963
Barron v Baltimore
Buckley v Valeo
Baker v Carr
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
PACS may exist and individual candidates may spend unlimited…
redistricting must be set as "one person, one vote"
Abingdon Township v Schempp 1963
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Barron v Baltimore
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
US Government Supreme Court Cases
Marberry v Madison
McCullough v Maryland
Brown v Board of Education
Brown v Board of Education 2
-1803... -puts judicial review into common law... -makes the courts…
-1819... -states CAN NOT tax federal agencies... -***hint: the crea…
-1954... -overturns Plessy v. Ferguson ... -separate is inherently…
-1955... -separate is not equal and must be fixed with all delib…
Marberry v Madison
-1803... -puts judicial review into common law... -makes the courts…
McCullough v Maryland
-1819... -states CAN NOT tax federal agencies... -***hint: the crea…
Government Supreme Court Quiz
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
litigants
issue
where the case was first held
when a case is handed up from a lower court
people involved in the case
The courts can't bring up an ________ on their own.
original jurisdiction
where the case was first held
appellate jurisdiction
when a case is handed up from a lower court
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