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Study sets matching "government terms foundations"

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Study sets matching "government terms foundations"

25 terms
FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT (TERMS)
Natural rights
Thomas Hobbs
State
Population
Basic freedoms that all humans are entitled
A 17th century English philosopher known for taking part in t…
Another name for a nation or country
Group of people who are the members or citizens of a state/co…
Natural rights
Basic freedoms that all humans are entitled
Thomas Hobbs
A 17th century English philosopher known for taking part in t…
22 terms
Foundations of Government
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
state of nature
social contract
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
In a state of nature, everyone had a right to everything. In…
The idea that people agree to give up some rights or freedoms…
Thomas Hobbes
An English philosopher born in 1588. Viewed humans as short,…
John Locke
An English philosopher born in 1632. Known for his view of hu…
Foundations of Government
power
policy
state
sovereignty
influence over others
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
a political unit made up by a group of people that lives with…
the ultimate, supreme power rest within a state
power
influence over others
policy
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
18 terms
Foundations of Government
government
nation
state
soverignty
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
a political community that occupies a definite territory and…
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
government
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
nation
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
17 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
democracy
autocracy
oligarchy
amendment
a form of government that involves rule by the people
a form of government that involves rule by one person
a form of government where a few people or small group rule
a change to the Constitution, the process is spelled out in A…
democracy
a form of government that involves rule by the people
autocracy
a form of government that involves rule by one person
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
17 terms
Government terms, foundation of government
Government
Public Policies
Legislative Power
Executive Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All things a government decides to do.
The power to make laws and to frame public policies
The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws.
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policies
All things a government decides to do.
29 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
Definition of "State" as used in Civic…
Population
Territory
Sovereignty
a nation or territory considered as an organized political co…
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
The area in which a state's rule applies
The ability to rule absolutely within a territory.
Definition of "State" as used in Civic…
a nation or territory considered as an organized political co…
Population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
16 terms
Foundations of Government Mid Term
Absolute Monarchs
Dictatorship
Authoritarian
Totalitarian
Kings or Queens with absolute, or total power.
A form of government in which all power is in the hands of on…
Controlled by rulers that answer only to themselves
Form of government that has total control over the lives of t…
Absolute Monarchs
Kings or Queens with absolute, or total power.
Dictatorship
A form of government in which all power is in the hands of on…
26 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
Government
Democracy
Factions
Separation of Powers
a system in which a community is controlled
a government in which the people have the power
a smaller, organized within a much larger group
a government in which the legislative, executive, and judicia…
Government
a system in which a community is controlled
Democracy
a government in which the people have the power
17 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
democracy
autocracy
oligarchy
amendment
a form of government that involves rule by the people
a form of government that involves rule by one person
a form of government where a few people or small group rule
a change to the Constitution, the process is spelled out in A…
democracy
a form of government that involves rule by the people
autocracy
a form of government that involves rule by one person
20 terms
Foundations of Government key terms
Articles
Supremacy clause
Amendments
Popular Soverignty
One of the seven divisions in the constitution each one cover…
Establishes that the constitution, laws passed by congress an…
Changes to the constitution.
The concept of rule by the people.
Articles
One of the seven divisions in the constitution each one cover…
Supremacy clause
Establishes that the constitution, laws passed by congress an…
15 terms
Foundations of Government
Autocracy
Monarchy
English Bill of Rights
Petition of Right
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
autocracy in which a king, queen or emperor exercises power
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. I…
Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I…
Autocracy
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Monarchy
autocracy in which a king, queen or emperor exercises power
66 terms
Foundations of US Government Mid-Term
government
legislative power
executive power
judicial power
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
the power to make law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and…
government
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
legislative power
the power to make law and to frame public policies
Purposes and Foundations of Government Terms
Constitution
Public Policy
Politics
Oligarchy
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, stru…
The principles on which social laws are based
Activities that relate to influencing the actions and policie…
A small group of people in control of an area
Constitution
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, stru…
Public Policy
The principles on which social laws are based
72 terms
AP Government Foundations of Government Terms
Ideologies
What are the 4 key functions that ideo…
Libertarian
Conservative
Sets or system of beliefs that shape the thinking of individu…
1. Explanation ... 2. Evaluation... 3. Orientation... 4. Political Pro…
No government interference, pure capitalism
Government is best when it governs the least
Ideologies
Sets or system of beliefs that shape the thinking of individu…
What are the 4 key functions that ideo…
1. Explanation ... 2. Evaluation... 3. Orientation... 4. Political Pro…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
65 terms
Foundations of Government
government
public policies
legislative power
executive power
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
the power to make law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
government
institution through which a society makes and enforces its pu…
public policies
all of those things a government decides to do; covers matter…
36 terms
Foundations of Government Important Terms
Federalist papers
Preamble to the Constitution
Separation of powers
Popular sovereignty
written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to…
explanation of why it was written and the purposes of governm…
each branch has own duties; a system that was hoped to preven…
one of the constitutional principles; rule by the people; the…
Federalist papers
written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to…
Preamble to the Constitution
explanation of why it was written and the purposes of governm…
10 terms
Unit 1 - Foundations of Government Terms
State
Population
Territory
Sovereignty
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
The area in which a state's rule applies
The ability to rule absolutely within a territory.
State
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
Population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
15 terms
Foundation of Government Terms
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Bill of Rights
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the p…
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the p…
21 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
Magna Carta
King John
Examples of Rights listed in Magna Carta
Habeas corpus
A document stating new rights for English barons; written at…
involved in Magna Carta; had limited power after he signed th…
nobody was above the law, including the king; government shou…
A constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment; re…
Magna Carta
A document stating new rights for English barons; written at…
King John
involved in Magna Carta; had limited power after he signed th…
43 terms
Foundations of Government
government
social contract
social contract theory
direct democracy
A formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
The belief that people are free and equal by natural right, a…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not…
government
A formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
social contract
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
38 terms
Foundations of Government
Declaration of Independence
Democracy
What are the characteristics of a state
John Locke's theory of natural rights
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Government for and by the people
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and Government.
John Locke expressed the radical view that government is mora…
Declaration of Independence
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Democracy
Government for and by the people
29 terms
Foundations in Government
government
public policies
legislative power
executive power
the institution through which a society makes and enforces pu…
all the things a government decides to do
the power to make laws
the power to enforce and administer laws
government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces pu…
public policies
all the things a government decides to do
19 terms
Foundations of Government
Direct Democracy (City-State Athens)
Representative Democracy (Roman Senate)
Influencers of enlightenment
Locke
Government in which all citizens had say via participation in…
One in which the citizens elect representatives to act on the…
Locke, Rousseau and Montesquieu
Locke declared all men are born with natural rights of life l…
Direct Democracy (City-State Athens)
Government in which all citizens had say via participation in…
Representative Democracy (Roman Senate)
One in which the citizens elect representatives to act on the…
21 terms
Foundations of Government Terms
Magna Carta
King John
Examples of Rights listed in Magna Carta
Habeas corpus
A document stating new rights for English barons; written at…
involved in Magna Carta; had limited power after he signed th…
nobody was above the law, including the king; government shou…
A constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment; re…
Magna Carta
A document stating new rights for English barons; written at…
King John
involved in Magna Carta; had limited power after he signed th…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
direct democracy
John Locke
Socrates
Ancient Greece
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emp…
birth place of the western civilization...made great advances…
direct democracy
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contr…
37 terms
American Government - Foundations
maintain social order
provide public service
provide national security and common d…
support the economy
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
Purpose of government where the government works to protect i…
Any actions taken by the government to support economic goals…
maintain social order
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
provide public service
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
13 terms
Foundations of american government vocabulary terms
Amend
Articles of confederation
constitution
Democracy
To change or add
document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of government
The people rule
Amend
To change or add
Articles of confederation
document establishing the first formal national government
26 terms
Topic 1: Foundations of Government
Declaration of Independence
Democracy
Free enterprise system
What are the characteristics of a state
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Government for and by the people; government based on individ…
economic system that promotes private ownership, individual f…
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and Government.
Declaration of Independence
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Ph…
Democracy
Government for and by the people; government based on individ…
13 terms
Foundations of Government Key Vocabulary terms
natural rights
social contract
Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
rights that we have because we are human
agreement between the people and the government where the peo…
colonies declared they are free from England
wrote the Declaration of Independence
natural rights
rights that we have because we are human
social contract
agreement between the people and the government where the peo…
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Preamble
Democracy
Direct Democracy
The formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
An introductory statement. In terms of the Constitution, it e…
"rule by the people" via majority rule (pg. 15-17)
Form of govt in which citizens met regularly in popular assem…
Government
The formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
Preamble
An introductory statement. In terms of the Constitution, it e…
22 terms
Foundations of American Government
Constitutional Convention
Great Compromise
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states…
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during…
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
Great Compromise
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states…
17 terms
Foundations of Government
Policy
government
politics
sovereignty
Any decision made by the govt in pursuit of a particular goal…
The formal & informal institutions, people, & processes used…
The process by which gov't makes and carries out decisions
The supreme power to act within its territory and control its…
Policy
Any decision made by the govt in pursuit of a particular goal…
government
The formal & informal institutions, people, & processes used…
Foundations Of American Government Vocabulary Terms
Amend
Articales of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
make minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, mo…
the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which…
a body of fundamental principles or established precedents ac…
a system of government by the whole population or all the eli…
Amend
make minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, mo…
Articales of Confederation
the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which…
12 terms
Foundations of American Government Vocabulary terms
Amend
Articles of confederation
Constitution
Due Process
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government.
A written plan of government
Fair application of the law to one´s case.
Amend
To change or add
Articles of confederation
Document establishing the first formal national government.
51 terms
American Government - Foundations
maintain social order
provide public service
provide national security and common d…
support the economy
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
Purpose of government where the government works to protect i…
Any actions taken by the government to support economic goals…
maintain social order
Purpose of government where the government works to keep the…
provide public service
Purpose of government where the government provides its citiz…
17 terms
iCivics: Foundations of Government
Government
State of Nature (Hobbes)
Social Contract
Overthrow
A system used for controlling a country or state.
Humans are naturally selfish and quick to fight; people would…
An agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for…
Remove forcibly from power.
Government
A system used for controlling a country or state.
State of Nature (Hobbes)
Humans are naturally selfish and quick to fight; people would…
13 terms
Foundations of American Government Vocab Terms
Amend
Articles of Condeferation
Constitution
Democracy
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of government
The people rule
Amend
To change or add
Articles of Condeferation
Document establishing the first formal national government
13 terms
Foundations of American Government Vocabulary Terms
Amend
Article of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of goverment
The people rule
Amend
To change or add
Article of Confederation
Document establishing the first formal national government
38 terms
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Thomas Hobbes
Social Contract
Sovereign
made up of the formal institutions and processes through whic…
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
People agree to give up some rights and power in exchange for…
A term of multiple meanings, of which one usage is synonymous…
Government
made up of the formal institutions and processes through whic…
Thomas Hobbes
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
13 terms
Foundations of american Government vocabulary terms
Amend
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
to change or add
document establishing the first formal national government
a written plan of government
the people rule
Amend
to change or add
Articles of Confederation
document establishing the first formal national government
33 terms
Unit 1 Foundations of Government
State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes
Social Contract
"Leviathan"
Everyone had a right to everything. No rules, no one in charg…
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
People agree to give up some rights and power in exchange for…
A book by Thomas Hobbes; explained how government should work…
State of Nature
Everyone had a right to everything. No rules, no one in charg…
Thomas Hobbes
English scholar and philosopher; wrote about many topics incl…
35 terms
Foundations of Government
English Bill of Rights
Magna Carta
Petition of Rights
John Locke
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
Document that placed limits on the absolute monarchy by creat…
Philosopher that believed that natural rights are protected i…
English Bill of Rights
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
Magna Carta
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
13 terms
Foundations of American Government Vocabulary terms
Amend
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of government
the people rule
Amend
To change or add
Articles of Confederation
Document establishing the first formal national government
27 terms
Foundations of Government
Articles of Confederation
The Federalist Papers
Shay's Rebellion
Limited government
State governments stronger than central government. No chief…
Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Ou…
A veteran of the American Revolution, he led an insurrection…
Government has only those powers delegated to it by the peopl…
Articles of Confederation
State governments stronger than central government. No chief…
The Federalist Papers
Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Ou…
25 terms
Foundations of Government
state
population
territory
sovereignty
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
the area in which a state's rule applies.
the ability to rule absolutely within a given territory.
state
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
population
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
9 terms
Foundations of Government
constitution
constitutional convention
Abraham Baldwin
William Few
supreme law of the land
place where they met to write the consitution
one of the signers from Georgia
one of the signers from Georgia
constitution
supreme law of the land
constitutional convention
place where they met to write the consitution
10 terms
Unit 1 - Foundations of Government Terms
State
Population
Territory
Sovereignty
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
The area in which a state's rule applies
The ability to rule absolutely within a territory.
State
A body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
Population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
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