Study sets matching "government terms foundations"

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Study sets matching "government terms foundations"

38 terms
Foundations of Government
government
state
citizens
sovereignty
an institution with the power to make and enforce rules for a…
a political unit
members of the state
absolute authority that the Government has over its citizens
government
an institution with the power to make and enforce rules for a…
state
a political unit
36 terms
Foundations of Government
English Bill of Rights
Magna Carta
Petition of Rights
John Locke
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
Document that placed limits on the absolute monarchy by creat…
Philosopher that believed that natural rights are protected i…
English Bill of Rights
Document that ended the absolute monarchy and required the Ki…
Magna Carta
First known written social contract that established basic ri…
14 terms
Foundations of Government
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Dictatorship
Oligarchy
A form of government in which political decisions are made by…
A form of government in which citizens elect leaders to make…
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power a…
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which political decisions are made by…
Representative Democracy
A form of government in which citizens elect leaders to make…
48 terms
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Public Policies
Judicial Power
Legislative Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All of the many goals a government pursues in all of the many…
The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and…
The power to make a law and to frame [create] public policies
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policies
All of the many goals a government pursues in all of the many…
Foundations of Government
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
Georgia General Assembly
Branch of government that makes the laws. Includes Congress.
Branch of government that enforces the laws. Includes the Pre…
Branch of government that interprets the law. Includes the fe…
What you call the legislative branch of Georgia.
Legislative Branch
Branch of government that makes the laws. Includes Congress.
Executive Branch
Branch of government that enforces the laws. Includes the Pre…
38 terms
Government Ch. 1 Foundations of Government
philosopher
theory
anarchy
government
one who engages in the pursuit of knowledge
...
a state without government and laws
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
philosopher
one who engages in the pursuit of knowledge
theory
...
28 terms
Foundations of Government
state of nature
social contract
natural rights
soverign
Everyone has a right to everything. To get what they want, pe…
A contract between the people and the government
Rights that are not given to people--people are born with them.
Ruler
state of nature
Everyone has a right to everything. To get what they want, pe…
social contract
A contract between the people and the government
25 terms
Foundations of Government
Among the broad purposes of the United…
Which of the following is among the ch…
The decision to raise and or lower tax…
Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau would most…
Provide justice and promote the general welfare of the people
All of the above
Public Policy
The state exists to serve the will of the people
Among the broad purposes of the United…
Provide justice and promote the general welfare of the people
Which of the following is among the ch…
All of the above
23 terms
Unit 2: Foundations & Principles of Government
The United States Constitution
The Bill of Rights
Preamble
Propose
The supreme law of the U.S., the framework for the organizati…
First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, guarantees imp…
The introduction to the Constitution declaring the purposes o…
A suggestion that is later voted on.
The United States Constitution
The supreme law of the U.S., the framework for the organizati…
The Bill of Rights
First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, guarantees imp…
121 terms
AP US Government Foundations
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
established the legislative branch
established the executive branch
established the judicial branch
defines relationships between the states
Article 1
established the legislative branch
Article 2
established the executive branch
39 terms
Foundations of American Government
State
Nation
Nation-State
Consensus
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
A country in which the territory of both the nation and the s…
An agreement about basic beliefs.
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Nation
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
20 terms
Foundations in Government #2
Constituent
Magistrate
Mayflower Compact
Suffrage
being a voting member of a community or organization and havi…
a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especia…
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Ply…
The right to vote in political elections.
Constituent
being a voting member of a community or organization and havi…
Magistrate
a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especia…
45 terms
Foundations of American Government
Constitution
Executive Power
Judicial Power
Legislative Power
Written plan for government
Power to carry out laws
Power to decide the meaning of laws
Right to make laws
Constitution
Written plan for government
Executive Power
Power to carry out laws
Foundations of Government
Consent of the Governed
Limited Government
Rule of Law
Democracy
The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things t…
The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as…
In a democratic system of government, the people rule.
Consent of the Governed
The people are the source of any and all governmental power.
Limited Government
Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things t…
Chapter 2 - Foundations of Government
royal colonies
veto
proprietary colonies
charter colonies
colonial settlements under direct control of the British Crown
refuse to approve
colonial settlements that were ruled by a group or individual…
colonial settlements established by groups given a charter by…
royal colonies
colonial settlements under direct control of the British Crown
veto
refuse to approve
42 terms
Unit 1 Foundations of Government
Magna Carta
Petition of Right
English Bill of Rights
Separation of powers
the Great Charter, provided basis for the principle of limite…
limited the king's power : could not collect taxes without Pa…
set clear limits on rulers; monarchs do not have absolute aut…
the division of power among the legislative, executive, judic…
Magna Carta
the Great Charter, provided basis for the principle of limite…
Petition of Right
limited the king's power : could not collect taxes without Pa…
20 terms
Foundations of American Government
Unitary government
Federal government
Confederal government
Autocracy
Government system in which all power is held by a single, cen…
Government system in which power is divided and shared with l…
Government system in which the members are an alliance who re…
Government system in which a single individual holds all powe…
Unitary government
Government system in which all power is held by a single, cen…
Federal government
Government system in which power is divided and shared with l…
31 terms
US Government Unit 1: Foundations of Government Review
4 Essential Features of the State
4 purposes of government
John Locke/Thomas Jefferson
Autocracy
1. Population... 2. Territory... 3. Sovereignty... 4. government
1. Maintain Social Order... 2. Provide National Security... 3. Make…
Life, Liberty, and Property... Life, Liberty, and pursuit and ha…
Rule by one, usually totalitarian dictatorship
4 Essential Features of the State
1. Population... 2. Territory... 3. Sovereignty... 4. government
4 purposes of government
1. Maintain Social Order... 2. Provide National Security... 3. Make…
43 terms
FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Alexander Hamilton
Anti-Federist
Articles of Confederation
bicameral legislature
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Does not believe in the constitution
1st government of the United States, created strong state gov…
A government which only one person has power.
Alexander Hamilton
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Anti-Federist
Does not believe in the constitution
8 terms
Government Content: Foundations of Government
popular sovereignty
due process
political science
monarchy
govt acts on behalf of the group, making and enforcing laws a…
present to guarantee that the individual is protected through…
studies how different types of governments funcion
one person (king, queen or emperor) usually inherits ruling p…
popular sovereignty
govt acts on behalf of the group, making and enforcing laws a…
due process
present to guarantee that the individual is protected through…
25 terms
Ch1: Foundations of Government
Public Policies
Constitution
Dictatorship
Government
The things that a government decides to do.
A body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, struct…
The ultimate responsibility for the exercise of these powers…
An institution through which a society makes and enforces its…
Public Policies
The things that a government decides to do.
Constitution
A body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, struct…
48 terms
Unit 1: Foundations of Government
Government
Public Policies
Judicial Power
Legislative Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
All of the many goals a government pursues in all of the many…
The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and…
The power to make a law and to frame [create] public policies
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Public Policies
All of the many goals a government pursues in all of the many…
55 terms
Foundations in Government Unit Test
Republic
Constitutional Government
Thomas Hobbes
Baron De Montesquieu
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and thei…
The purpose of a constitutional government is to define the d…
Philosopher who believed that humans without a government liv…
French philosopher who proposed the idea of separation of pow…
Republic
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and thei…
Constitutional Government
The purpose of a constitutional government is to define the d…
25 terms
Foundations of Government
state
population
territory
sovereignty
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
the area in which a state's rule applies.
the ability to rule absolutely within a given territory.
state
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
population
people who are the members or citizens of a state.
26 terms
Unit 1 Foundations of Government
State of nature
Social contract
Sovereign
Tabula rasa
The condition of people living in a situation without man-mad…
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
Ruler with total authority over the people.
Literally "blank slate;" Concept of the mind as a blank sheet…
State of nature
The condition of people living in a situation without man-mad…
Social contract
An agreement between the people and their government signifyi…
13 terms
Foundations of Government
A strategic technique used to persuade…
The philosophy that emphasizes equalit…
In a dictatorship or totalitarian gove…
Who is the 19th century German Politic…
Propaganda
Bill of Rights
Controlled by one person or small group who usually maintains…
Karl Marx
A strategic technique used to persuade…
Propaganda
The philosophy that emphasizes equalit…
Bill of Rights
12 terms
Foundations of Government
the Magna Carta
Charters of the Virginia Company of Lo…
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
limited the king's power; early example of rule of law
guaranteed the rights of English settlers in Virginia
listed specific rights for those in the Virginia colony
allowed Virginians to believe and worship as they wished
the Magna Carta
limited the king's power; early example of rule of law
Charters of the Virginia Company of Lo…
guaranteed the rights of English settlers in Virginia
32 terms
Unit IB - Foundations of Government
Amendment
Anti-Federalist
Articles of Confederation
Bills of Attainder
Changes in, or additions to, a document, such as the U.S. Con…
The political leaders who were against ratification of the Co…
Founding document that created a loose alliance of states. Th…
A law that punishes someone without a court trial.
Amendment
Changes in, or additions to, a document, such as the U.S. Con…
Anti-Federalist
The political leaders who were against ratification of the Co…
21 terms
Foundations Of Government
Thomas Hobbs
John Locke
Baron Montesquieu
Jean Rousseau
People are selfish and evil... Give power to the absolute power…
Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property... Government must prot…
Government should have the powers of government separated so…
Establish a Social Contract between the people and the Govern…
Thomas Hobbs
People are selfish and evil... Give power to the absolute power…
John Locke
Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property... Government must prot…
Foundations of government
Direct democracy:
Evolutionary Theory
Force theory
Social contract theory
Everyone gets to vote and peoples voice matterd
Ruled by monarchy, family grows into government
Rise of dictatorship in a time of need
People give up there rights for protection
Direct democracy:
Everyone gets to vote and peoples voice matterd
Evolutionary Theory
Ruled by monarchy, family grows into government
16 terms
Foundations of US Constitutional Government
COLONY
COLONIST
CHARTER
DECLARATION
Territory (land) politically controlled by another country
A person living in a settlement/colony
Written document granting land and authority to set up coloni…
A powerful statement that is official
COLONY
Territory (land) politically controlled by another country
COLONIST
A person living in a settlement/colony
27 terms
Chapter 1 Foundations of Government
government
power
policy
state
the formal system used to rule and control a group of people
a government's right or ability to control its people
a decision made by a government
a group of people that live within an area with clear boundries
government
the formal system used to rule and control a group of people
power
a government's right or ability to control its people
Foundations of Government 11-19
Popular Sovereignty
Representative government
Consent of the governed
Rule of law
The rule by the people. Basic principle of the American syste…
A form of government where citizens elect officials who will…
A condition urged by many as a requirement for legitimate gov…
The principle that every member of a society, even a ruler, m…
Popular Sovereignty
The rule by the people. Basic principle of the American syste…
Representative government
A form of government where citizens elect officials who will…
5 terms
Foundations of Government
State of Nature
Natural Rights
Sovereign
Social Contract
...
...
...
...
State of Nature
...
Natural Rights
...
Foundations of American Government Vocabulary Terms
Amend
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national goverment
A written plan of government
The people rule
Amend
To change or add
Articles of Confederation
Document establishing the first formal national goverment
19 terms
Foundations of Government
government
power
policy
state
formal institutions and processes through which decisions are…
government's authority and ability to get things done
decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over a…
government
formal institutions and processes through which decisions are…
power
government's authority and ability to get things done
73 terms
American government...Foundations, Federalism, & Constitution
Who is Sovereign in a Democracy?
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Republic
The People
A system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on la…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders b…
Who is Sovereign in a Democracy?
The People
Direct Democracy
A system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on la…
Foundations of government
Legislature
House of burgesses
Mayflower compact
Magna Carta
The part of government making laws
Virginia's legislature
The first written colonial government
The first limit to the power of the monarchy in England
Legislature
The part of government making laws
House of burgesses
Virginia's legislature
Foundations of Government
boycott
checks and balances
colony
compact
refuse to purchase certain goods or services
system in which a branch of government is able to check the p…
group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent countr…
agreement among a group of people
boycott
refuse to purchase certain goods or services
checks and balances
system in which a branch of government is able to check the p…
Foundations of American Government Vocab Terms
Amend
Articles of confereration
constitution
democracy
to change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
a written plan of government
the people rule
Amend
to change or add
Articles of confereration
Document establishing the first formal national government
Foundations of American Government Vocabulary terms
Amend
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of government
The people rule
Amend
To change or add
Articles of Confederation
Document establishing the first formal national government
15 terms
The Foundations of Government
Magna Carta
Mayflower Compact
Common Sense
English Bill of Rights
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies…
series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that…
Magna Carta
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
Foundations of American Government - Vocabulary Terms
Amend
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Democracy
...
To change or add
Document establishing the first formal national government
A written plan of government
Amend
...
Articles of Confederation
To change or add
Foundations of Government
Amendement 1
Amendment 2
Amendment 3
Amendment 4
Speech press petition religion assembly (establishment)
Bear arms
Quartering soldiers
Unreasonable search and seizure
Amendement 1
Speech press petition religion assembly (establishment)
Amendment 2
Bear arms
19 terms
Foundations of American Government
Republic
Direct democracy
Rule of law
Due process
Decisions made by representatives elected by the citizens.
Citizens participate directly in all decision-making.
Government is based on clear and fairly enforced laws.
No one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without…
Republic
Decisions made by representatives elected by the citizens.
Direct democracy
Citizens participate directly in all decision-making.
21 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Natural rights
State of nature
Social Contract
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include…
The basis of natural rights philosophy; the condition of peop…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
Government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
Natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include…
16 terms
Foundations of Government
democracy
federalism
enumerated
reserved
government by the people-power vested in the people and exerc…
the process by which the government is shared by the federal…
rights listed out (Bill of Rights). dong this limits the rights
state only has the power
democracy
government by the people-power vested in the people and exerc…
federalism
the process by which the government is shared by the federal…
37 terms
Foundations of Government
Commitee of Five
John Locke
Thomas Paine
Magna Carta
John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingst…
A 17th Century philosopher who believed that the people shoul…
"A British philosopher that helped and inspired the founding…
The Magna Carta is a document is one of the main documents in…
Commitee of Five
John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingst…
John Locke
A 17th Century philosopher who believed that the people shoul…
23 terms
Foundations of Government
Republic
Representative Democracy
Direct Democracy
Monarchy
government where people are the source of power and there are…
Citizens vote for a group of people to represent them.
Citizens vote and debate matters firsthand.
A king or queen rules through heredity (have unlimited rule)
Republic
government where people are the source of power and there are…
Representative Democracy
Citizens vote for a group of people to represent them.
Foundations Of Government
Government
Public Policies
Legislative Power
Executive Power
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Government are in short all of those things a government deci…
The power to make laws and to frame public policies.
The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
Government
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Public Policies
Government are in short all of those things a government deci…
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