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Study sets matching "government terms foundations"

12 terms
Chapter 1 Terms: Foundations of Government
government
power
policy
state
the formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
refers to the government's authority and ability to get thing…
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
a political unit made up by a group of people that loves with…
government
the formal structures and institutions through which a territ…
power
refers to the government's authority and ability to get thing…
14 terms
Foundations of Government
monarchy
democracy
dictatorship
absolute monarchy
type of government in which power is inherited
type of government in which people have the power
type of government in which power is taken and maintained by…
type of government in which a king or queen rules with absolu…
monarchy
type of government in which power is inherited
democracy
type of government in which people have the power
36 terms
Foundations Of Government Chapter 1 terms
Anarchy
Government
Nation
State
A state without government and laws
An institution through which leaders exercise powers to make…
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Anarchy
A state without government and laws
Government
An institution through which leaders exercise powers to make…
19 terms
Mid Term - Foundations of American Government
According to Lock, Hobbes and Montequi…
In a democracy, the will of the majori…
Key ideas of the Declaration of Indepe…
3 documents that limited the power of…
According to Lock, Hobbes and Montesquieu, the state exists t…
In a democracy, the will of the majority cannot be used to de…
Key ideas of the Declaration of Independence:... - people have…
Magna Carta... English Bill of Rights... Petition of Rights
According to Lock, Hobbes and Montequi…
According to Lock, Hobbes and Montesquieu, the state exists t…
In a democracy, the will of the majori…
In a democracy, the will of the majority cannot be used to de…
21 terms
Foundations of Government
Sovereignty
Divine right
Social Contract
Oligarchy
supreme power of the state to act within its territory
ruler was chosen to rule and answerable to God
the idea that people agreed to be ruled and would be protecte…
a dictatorship led by a small group of people;means "rule by…
Sovereignty
supreme power of the state to act within its territory
Divine right
ruler was chosen to rule and answerable to God
30 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
The power to make a law and to frame public policies
The power to execute, enforce, and administer law
The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and…
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Legislative Power
The power to make a law and to frame public policies
23 terms
Unit 2: Foundations & Principles of Government
The United States Constitution
The Bill of Rights
Preamble
Propose
The supreme law of the U.S., the framework for the organizati…
First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, guarantees imp…
The introduction to the Constitution declaring the purposes o…
A suggestion that is later voted on.
The United States Constitution
The supreme law of the U.S., the framework for the organizati…
The Bill of Rights
First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, guarantees imp…
38 terms
Foundations of Government
government
state
citizens
sovereignty
an institution with the power to make and enforce rules for a…
a political unit
members of the state
absolute authority that the Government has over its citizens
government
an institution with the power to make and enforce rules for a…
state
a political unit
40 terms
FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Alexander Hamilton
Anti-Federist
Articles of Confederation
autocracy
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Does not believe in the constitution
1st government of the United States, created strong state gov…
A government which only one person has power.
Alexander Hamilton
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Anti-Federist
Does not believe in the constitution
43 terms
FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Alexander Hamilton
Anti-Federist
Articles of Confederation
bicameral legislature
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Does not believe in the constitution
1st government of the United States, created strong state gov…
A government which only one person has power.
Alexander Hamilton
First United States Secretary of the Treasury and an early su…
Anti-Federist
Does not believe in the constitution
22 terms
Foundations and Formations of Government Terms and Definitions
Unitary
Federal
Confederal
Social Contract Theory
Government that functions as one central unit.
A governing power that is divided between the state governmen…
A loose union of independent states.
People created government to conserve their natural rights.
Unitary
Government that functions as one central unit.
Federal
A governing power that is divided between the state governmen…
31 terms
US Government Unit 1: Foundations of Government Review
4 Essential Features of the State
4 purposes of government
John Locke/Thomas Jefferson
Autocracy
1. Population... 2. Territory... 3. Sovereignty... 4. government
1. Maintain Social Order... 2. Provide National Security... 3. Make…
Life, Liberty, and Property... Life, Liberty, and pursuit and ha…
Rule by one, usually totalitarian dictatorship
4 Essential Features of the State
1. Population... 2. Territory... 3. Sovereignty... 4. government
4 purposes of government
1. Maintain Social Order... 2. Provide National Security... 3. Make…
Foundations of Government 11-19
Popular Sovereignty
Representative government
Consent of the governed
Rule of law
The rule by the people. Basic principle of the American syste…
A form of government where citizens elect officials who will…
A condition urged by many as a requirement for legitimate gov…
The principle that every member of a society, even a ruler, m…
Popular Sovereignty
The rule by the people. Basic principle of the American syste…
Representative government
A form of government where citizens elect officials who will…
73 terms
American government...Foundations, Federalism, & Constitution
Who is Sovereign in a Democracy?
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Republic
The People
A system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on la…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders b…
Who is Sovereign in a Democracy?
The People
Direct Democracy
A system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on la…
8 terms
Foundations of U.S. Government
Federalism
Confederacy
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
A system in which power is shared and divided between the nat…
A loose union of independent states.
Branch of government that has power to make laws. Found in Ar…
Branch of government that enforces the laws. Found in Article…
Federalism
A system in which power is shared and divided between the nat…
Confederacy
A loose union of independent states.
23 terms
Foundations of Government Unit
Oligarchy
Federal
Presidential Democracy
Democracy
A small group holds all the power
Central and regional governments share political power
The executive and legislative branches are elected separately
People are able to choose their representatives in government
Oligarchy
A small group holds all the power
Federal
Central and regional governments share political power
10 terms
Foundations of Government
consent of the governed
limited government
rule of law
democracy
the people are the source of all governmental power
the government is not all-powerful
no one is above the law
in a democratic system of government the people rule
consent of the governed
the people are the source of all governmental power
limited government
the government is not all-powerful
8 terms
Government Content: Foundations of Government
popular sovereignty
due process
political science
monarchy
govt acts on behalf of the group, making and enforcing laws a…
present to guarantee that the individual is protected through…
studies how different types of governments funcion
one person (king, queen or emperor) usually inherits ruling p…
popular sovereignty
govt acts on behalf of the group, making and enforcing laws a…
due process
present to guarantee that the individual is protected through…
21 terms
Foundations Of Government
Thomas Hobbs
John Locke
Baron Montesquieu
Jean Rousseau
People are selfish and evil... Give power to the absolute power…
Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property... Government must prot…
Government should have the powers of government separated so…
Establish a Social Contract between the people and the Govern…
Thomas Hobbs
People are selfish and evil... Give power to the absolute power…
John Locke
Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property... Government must prot…
17 terms
Foundations of Government
Direct Democracy
Monarchy
Dictatorship
Representative Democracy
a form of government in which all laws are created by a gener…
a system of government in which one person reigns, usually a…
a government or a social situation where one person makes all…
a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected of…
Direct Democracy
a form of government in which all laws are created by a gener…
Monarchy
a system of government in which one person reigns, usually a…
31 terms
Foundations of Government and Citizenship-Topic 1
Government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
institution through which society makes and enforces public p…
all the things a government decides to do
power to make laws and frame public policy
power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
Government
institution through which society makes and enforces public p…
public policy
all the things a government decides to do
12 terms
Foundations of Government
Baron de Montesquieu
John Locke
Sir William Blackstone
Mayflower Compact
Summary: Each branch must have it's own power to ensure freed…
Summary: Government should protect individual rights... Influen…
Summary: People have the right to personal property and shoul…
Summary: We are going to form a government of the people... Inf…
Baron de Montesquieu
Summary: Each branch must have it's own power to ensure freed…
John Locke
Summary: Government should protect individual rights... Influen…
43 terms
UCHS AP Government: Foundations
natural rights philosophy
social contract theory
democratic centralism
direct or participatory democracy
Proposed by John Locke, it said that human beings had by natu…
A voluntary agreement between the government and the governed
a form of democracy in which the true interests of the masses…
a political system in which all or most citizens participate…
natural rights philosophy
Proposed by John Locke, it said that human beings had by natu…
social contract theory
A voluntary agreement between the government and the governed
20 terms
Foundations of government
Legislature
House of burgesses
Mayflower compact
Magna Carta
The part of government making laws
Virginia's legislature
The first written colonial government
The first limit to the power of the monarchy in England
Legislature
The part of government making laws
House of burgesses
Virginia's legislature
30 terms
Foundations of Government
government
public policies
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
laws and government programs designed to improve current cond…
the power to make a law and to frame public policies
The power to execute, enforce, and administer law
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policies
laws and government programs designed to improve current cond…
20 terms
Foundations of Government
boycott
checks and balances
colony
compact
refuse to purchase certain goods or services
system in which a branch of government is able to check the p…
group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent countr…
agreement among a group of people
boycott
refuse to purchase certain goods or services
checks and balances
system in which a branch of government is able to check the p…
15 terms
The Foundations of Government
Magna Carta
Mayflower Compact
Common Sense
English Bill of Rights
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies…
series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that…
Magna Carta
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It…
28 terms
CE.2 Foundations of Government
consent of the governed
limited government
rule of law
democracy
people are the source of any and all governemental power
government is not all-powerful and may only do the things peo…
the government and those who govern are bound by the law
system of government where the people rule
consent of the governed
people are the source of any and all governemental power
limited government
government is not all-powerful and may only do the things peo…
121 terms
AP US Government Foundations
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
established the legislative branch
established the executive branch
established the judicial branch
defines relationships between the states
Article 1
established the legislative branch
Article 2
established the executive branch
21 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Natural rights
State of nature
Social Contract
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include…
The basis of natural rights philosophy; the condition of peop…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
Government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
Natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include…
16 terms
Foundations of Government
democracy
federalism
enumerated
reserved
government by the people-power vested in the people and exerc…
the process by which the government is shared by the federal…
rights listed out (Bill of Rights). dong this limits the rights
state only has the power
democracy
government by the people-power vested in the people and exerc…
federalism
the process by which the government is shared by the federal…
20 terms
Foundations of Government
Constitution
State
Sovereign
Federal Government
A statement of the basic principles and laws of a nation, sta…
A political unit made up by a group of people that lives with…
A supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
Based on the separation of power among 3 branches; The execut…
Constitution
A statement of the basic principles and laws of a nation, sta…
State
A political unit made up by a group of people that lives with…
37 terms
Foundations of Government
Commitee of Five
John Locke
Thomas Paine
Magna Carta
John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingst…
A 17th Century philosopher who believed that the people shoul…
"A British philosopher that helped and inspired the founding…
The Magna Carta is a document is one of the main documents in…
Commitee of Five
John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingst…
John Locke
A 17th Century philosopher who believed that the people shoul…
20 terms
Foundations in Government #2
Constituent
Magistrate
Mayflower Compact
Suffrage
being a voting member of a community or organization and havi…
a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especia…
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Ply…
The right to vote in political elections.
Constituent
being a voting member of a community or organization and havi…
Magistrate
a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especia…
12 terms
Chapter 1 Terms: Foundation of Government
Government
Power
Policy
State
government made up of the formal institutions and processes t…
refers to the governments authority and ability to get things…
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
Political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over a…
Government
government made up of the formal institutions and processes t…
Power
refers to the governments authority and ability to get things…
23 terms
Foundations of Government
Republic
Representative Democracy
Direct Democracy
Monarchy
government where people are the source of power and there are…
Citizens vote for a group of people to represent them.
Citizens vote and debate matters firsthand.
A king or queen rules through heredity (have unlimited rule)
Republic
government where people are the source of power and there are…
Representative Democracy
Citizens vote for a group of people to represent them.
5 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Constitution
Limited Government
Unlimited Government
a group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws…
a system of basic rules and principles by which a government…
A government structure in which government actions are limite…
A government structure in which there are no effective limits…
Government
a group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws…
Constitution
a system of basic rules and principles by which a government…
39 terms
Foundations of American Government
State
Nation
Nation-State
Consensus
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
A country in which the territory of both the nation and the s…
An agreement about basic beliefs.
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Nation
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
26 terms
Chapter 2 - Foundations of Government
royal colonies
veto
proprietary colonies
charter colonies
colonial settlements under direct control of the British Crown
refuse to approve
colonial settlements that were ruled by a group or individual…
colonial settlements established by groups given a charter by…
royal colonies
colonial settlements under direct control of the British Crown
veto
refuse to approve
22 terms
Government Unit 2 terms (Foundations of US Gov)
federalism
Sovereignty
Supremacy Clause
The Great Compromise
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
The Constitution and national laws are supreme over state laws.
One house of Congress would be based on state population, one…
federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
Sovereignty
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
8 terms
Foundations of Government
State of Nature
Supremacy Clause
Social Contract
Natural Rights Theory
The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is…
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
The theory that people are born with certain "natural rights.…
State of Nature
The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is…
Supremacy Clause
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
45 terms
Foundations of American Government
Constitution
Executive Power
Judicial Power
Legislative Power
Written plan for government
Power to carry out laws
Power to decide the meaning of laws
Right to make laws
Constitution
Written plan for government
Executive Power
Power to carry out laws
26 terms
foundations of government
4 roles of government
population
sovereignty
state (not like Indiana)
protection , makes laws,keeps order provides services
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
The ability to rule absolutely within a territory
A body of people living in a defined space with power to make…
4 roles of government
protection , makes laws,keeps order provides services
population
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
10 terms
Foundations of Government
Repeal
Popular Sovereignty
Constitution
Federalism
To take something away
Idea that political power belongs to the people
The document that establishes the powers and duties of our go…
A system of government where there is a balance between the f…
Repeal
To take something away
Popular Sovereignty
Idea that political power belongs to the people
28 terms
Foundations of Government
4 Rules of government
Population
Sovereignty
state
Protection ,making laws ,Keeps order ,and provides services
the group of people who are the members citizens of a state
the ability to rule absolutely within a territory
A body of people ,living in a defined space , with the power…
4 Rules of government
Protection ,making laws ,Keeps order ,and provides services
Population
the group of people who are the members citizens of a state
19 terms
Foundations of Government
Government
Legislative
Down
Opportunities
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Which of the following has the power to make laws?
The law of Supply and Demand says that when supply goes up pr…
Being equal means that everybody has the same
Government
The institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Legislative
Which of the following has the power to make laws?
14 terms
Foundations of Government
democracy
republic
constitution
human rights
the people of a nation rule either directly or they elect off…
people consent to be ruled by their elected leaders
a written plan of government
the basic rights to which all people are entitled
democracy
the people of a nation rule either directly or they elect off…
republic
people consent to be ruled by their elected leaders
27 terms
Foundations of government
State of nature
Social contract
Natural rights
Life
is the time before the government existed.
is when people give up rights in order to be protected by the…
Life, liberty, and property
the existence of an individual human being or animal
State of nature
is the time before the government existed.
Social contract
is when people give up rights in order to be protected by the…
27 terms
Foundations of Government
4 roles of government
population
sovereignty
state
protection, making laws, keeps order, provides services
the group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
the ability to rule absolutely within a territory
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power t…
4 roles of government
protection, making laws, keeps order, provides services
population
the group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
27 terms
Foundations Of Government
State Of Nature
Social Contract
Natural Rights
Life
a concept in moral and political philosophy used in religion,…
An agreement for mutual benefit between an individual or grou…
Any right that exists by virtue of natural law.
the general or universal condition of human existence.
State Of Nature
a concept in moral and political philosophy used in religion,…
Social Contract
An agreement for mutual benefit between an individual or grou…
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