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Study sets matching "govt us government"

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Study sets matching "govt us government"

200 terms
US Government- Govt 2305
No society has existed without some fo…
Resolving conflicts over what society'…
Political scientist Harold Lasswell de…
Government can best be defined as
Government
Politics
"Who gets what, when, and how" in a society
The individuals and institutions that make society's rules an…
No society has existed without some fo…
Government
Resolving conflicts over what society'…
Politics
GOVT 2305 (US GOVERNMENT)
Thomas Hobbes - "state of nature"
John Locke - natural rights
How can we measure political knowledge?
How politically knowledgeable is the A…
Human nature leads humans to be in constant competition with…
People have a natural moral sense, no one ought to harm anoth…
-Taking surveys, conducting studies... -People who are more poli…
-While we might receive information at a fast rate, we do no…
Thomas Hobbes - "state of nature"
Human nature leads humans to be in constant competition with…
John Locke - natural rights
People have a natural moral sense, no one ought to harm anoth…
17 terms
US Govt 16 (financing government)
6 types of taxes
Direct tax
Indirect tax
progressive taxes
1. Individual income tax... 2. corporation income tax... 3. payroll…
levied upon a specific individual ... ex: taxes on personal prop…
can be shifted to another person for payment... ex: tax levied o…
higher earnings are taxed at a higher rate
6 types of taxes
1. Individual income tax... 2. corporation income tax... 3. payroll…
Direct tax
levied upon a specific individual ... ex: taxes on personal prop…
59 terms
AP US Govt Government Congress III
Paul D Ryan
Nancy Pelosi
House Majority Leader/House Majority W…
House Minority Whip / Asst. Democratic…
1.Speaker of the House presides over the House 2. Is most pow…
1. House Minority Leader who manages the Dems in the House 2.…
Kevin McCarthy / Kevin Scalise
Steny Hoyer / James Clyburn
Paul D Ryan
1.Speaker of the House presides over the House 2. Is most pow…
Nancy Pelosi
1. House Minority Leader who manages the Dems in the House 2.…
21 terms
US Government 2305- Govt. and General terms
Functions of Govt.
Shared political culture
Democracy
Tyranny
Listed in the Constitution... -To form a more perfect union... -To…
Shared beliefs, feelings, and values about the nature of poli…
System of government by the whole population or all the eligi…
means "cruel master" in Latin... Cruel and oppressive government…
Functions of Govt.
Listed in the Constitution... -To form a more perfect union... -To…
Shared political culture
Shared beliefs, feelings, and values about the nature of poli…
37 terms
Exam 2 GOVT 2305 - US Government
How many members are in the House of R…
How many members are in the Senate?
How many members are in Congress?
incumbent
435
100 (2 senators from each state)
535 (House + Senate)
someone already in office that is running for reelection
How many members are in the House of R…
435
How many members are in the Senate?
100 (2 senators from each state)
22 terms
State Government Terms - US Govt - Whitehead
Fundamental Law
Initiative
Statutory Law
Police Power
the organic law of a state, especially its constitution... Laws…
In political terminology, the initiative is a process that en…
the term used to define written laws, usually enacted by a le…
is the capacity of the states to regulate behavior and enforc…
Fundamental Law
the organic law of a state, especially its constitution... Laws…
Initiative
In political terminology, the initiative is a process that en…
42 terms
Exam 3 GOVT 2305 - US Government
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
district courts
courts of appeal
case is heard for the first time; evidence introduced; testim…
all the evidence in original is assumed to be true; seeing if…
Federal Court of original jurisdiction; only federal court wi…
all you have to do is appeal from district courts and courts…
original jurisdiction
case is heard for the first time; evidence introduced; testim…
appellate jurisdiction
all the evidence in original is assumed to be true; seeing if…
27 terms
Exam 4 GOVT 2305 - US Government
incrementalism
defense spending
welfare entitlements
means-tested welfare
best indicator of budget is the previous year's budget; looki…
disbanded after WWII;... most spending was in the 1950s-60s duri…
Social Security, Medicare A, Medicare B, unemployment benefits
Medicaid, Food stamps, TANF, SSI, CHIP, WIC
incrementalism
best indicator of budget is the previous year's budget; looki…
defense spending
disbanded after WWII;... most spending was in the 1950s-60s duri…
40 terms
Exam 1 GOVT 2305 - US Government
federalism
laissez-faire
populism
Constitution
2 or more levels of government have authority over the same p…
no interference from government in the free market
"sticking up for the little man"; today it means representing…
a foundation and basic law for the states
federalism
2 or more levels of government have authority over the same p…
laissez-faire
no interference from government in the free market
24 terms
Principles of Government (US Govt. Ch. 1)
Judicial power
Executive power
Sovereignty
Oligarchy
interprets laws
executes/enforces laws
supreme and absolute power (independence)
self-appointed elite group has power
Judicial power
interprets laws
Executive power
executes/enforces laws
9 terms
US Govt
Checks and Balances
Federal System
democracy
dictatorship
a system that gives each branch of government different power…
a system of government in which the authority to govern is sh…
a form of government in which the people have power to make c…
a form of government where a leader has complete control
Checks and Balances
a system that gives each branch of government different power…
Federal System
a system of government in which the authority to govern is sh…
U.2 L.1 US Govt: American Government Part 1
Articles of Confederation
confederate government
confederation
constitution
the compact made among the 13 original states to form the bas…
a type of government in which the power of government is divi…
a political system in which states or regional governments ha…
a document listing the powers and duties of a government
Articles of Confederation
the compact made among the 13 original states to form the bas…
confederate government
a type of government in which the power of government is divi…
U.2 L.2 US Govt: American Government Part 2
July 4, 1776... The Declaration of Indepe…
March 15, 1777 Congress endorses the A…
February 21, 1787 Congress endorses th…
September 28, 1787 Congress sends the…
July 12, 1776... The Articles of Confederation are presented to…
July 9, 1778... Seven states have endorsed the Articles, bringin…
May 22, 1787... The Constitutional Convention begins.
February 6, 1788 Massachusetts ratifies the Constitution cond…
July 4, 1776... The Declaration of Indepe…
July 12, 1776... The Articles of Confederation are presented to…
March 15, 1777 Congress endorses the A…
July 9, 1778... Seven states have endorsed the Articles, bringin…
U.3 L.1 US GOVT: Institutions of Government
appeal
enumerated powers
U.S. Constitution
federal government
to ask to be heard or reviewed, often in a court where cases…
powers specifically granted to the national government by the…
the written plan of government for the United States of America
a central government with certain powers over the states
appeal
to ask to be heard or reviewed, often in a court where cases…
enumerated powers
powers specifically granted to the national government by the…
U.2 L.4 US. Govt: American Government Part 3
What was the most important influence…
Which statement about Thomas Hobbes an…
Which of the Enlightenment thinkers wo…
What document includes the phrase "Lif…
European Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes argued that because the "general will" of the p…
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
the Declaration of Independence
What was the most important influence…
European Enlightenment
Which statement about Thomas Hobbes an…
Thomas Hobbes argued that because the "general will" of the p…
Unit 1 Lesson 1.07 US Govt: Types of Governments
anarchy
parliament
authoritarian government
autocracy
absence of any form of political authority
a national representative body having supreme legislative pow…
when a government has substantial but not absolute power
rule by one person with absolute authority
anarchy
absence of any form of political authority
parliament
a national representative body having supreme legislative pow…
41 terms
US Govt.
Chief Executive
Commander in Chief
Chief of State
Executive Orders
The role the President plays when executing, or carrying out…
The role the President plays when ordering troops into action…
The role the President plays when acting as the symbolic figu…
A formal rule or regulation instruction executive branch offi…
Chief Executive
The role the President plays when executing, or carrying out…
Commander in Chief
The role the President plays when ordering troops into action…
9 terms
Govt1-Types of Government
monarchy
Absolute monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
Dictatorship
ruled by a king or queen with inherited power
monarch has unlimited power
Power of the monarch is limited by laws
single dictator has absolute power and makes all decisions; u…
monarchy
ruled by a king or queen with inherited power
Absolute monarchy
monarch has unlimited power
15 terms
Mosinee government Types of Govt.
DIRECT DEMOCRACY
INDIRECT DEMOCRACY (REPUBLIC)
DICTATORSHIP
AUTOCRACY
Pure democracy, each person casts a vote. examples: Town Meet…
Representative Democracy, elected representatives make decisi…
Government in which the leader has absolute power and authori…
Government by ONE person having unlimited power. (Type of dic…
DIRECT DEMOCRACY
Pure democracy, each person casts a vote. examples: Town Meet…
INDIRECT DEMOCRACY (REPUBLIC)
Representative Democracy, elected representatives make decisi…
27 terms
US Govt
Democracy
politics
Govt is affected by technology by
Civic engagement
A form of govt in which leaders are chosen by voters
activities that influence the actions or policy of govt.
More ppl see our leaders. via tv social media
individual and collective actions designed to identify and ad…
Democracy
A form of govt in which leaders are chosen by voters
politics
activities that influence the actions or policy of govt.
10 terms
US GOVT
Article 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Establish the first of the three branches of the gov't Legisl…
Defines the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, known as the lower hous…
30 years of age... Serve 6 years. 2 senators for each state... Pres…
each state must establish its own rules for electin thr congr…
Article 1
Establish the first of the three branches of the gov't Legisl…
Section 2
Defines the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, known as the lower hous…
47 terms
US Govt
The Congress of the Confederation inst…
The Great Compromise solved the Consti…
The political party most responsible f…
The ruler of England when the Declarat…
propose revisions to the Articles of Confederation
legislative representation
Federalist
George III
The Congress of the Confederation inst…
propose revisions to the Articles of Confederation
The Great Compromise solved the Consti…
legislative representation
74 terms
us govt
Political party
Candidate-centered politics
Party realignment
secular realignment
An ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effor…
focus on the candidates, their particular issues, and charact…
dramatic shifts in partisan preference that drastically alter…
gradual shift of party coalitions, based more on demographic…
Political party
An ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effor…
Candidate-centered politics
focus on the candidates, their particular issues, and charact…
US Government
Reserved Powers
Amendments
Federalism
Concurrent powers
powers that the constitution neither gives to Congress nor de…
changes to constitution that require 3/4 vote
division of power between the states and national government
powers shared by the federal and state governments
Reserved Powers
powers that the constitution neither gives to Congress nor de…
Amendments
changes to constitution that require 3/4 vote
9 terms
US GOVT
Which form of government serves the in…
An important effect of the Magna Carta…
Under the Articles of Confederation, i…
What was the result of administrative…
Monarchy
gave more power to the people and protected their rights.
Virginia would have two, and Delaware would have two.
The government couldn't maintain order.
Which form of government serves the in…
Monarchy
An important effect of the Magna Carta…
gave more power to the people and protected their rights.
12 terms
Us govt
Anarchy
Democracy
Autocracy
Dictatorship
no government ex:Somilia
government by all people... ex: US
government by one person ex: China
one person, all power... ex: North Korea... Jim Jong Un
Anarchy
no government ex:Somilia
Democracy
government by all people... ex: US
17 terms
US govt
Bicameral
Term
Session
Apportioned
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of 2
2 yr period of time during which Congress meets
Period of time during which, each yr, Congress assembles and…
Distribute, as in seats in a legislative body
Bicameral
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of 2
Term
2 yr period of time during which Congress meets
19 terms
US GOVT
private bills
public bills
simple resolution
riders
a bill dealing with individual people or places
a bill dealing with general matters and applying to the entir…
a statement adopted to cover matters affecting only one house…
a provision included in a bill on a subject other than the on…
private bills
a bill dealing with individual people or places
public bills
a bill dealing with general matters and applying to the entir…
25 terms
US Govt
John Kerry
Mike Lee
Loretta Lynch
Hassan Roughani
Secretary of State
Utah Senator
Attorney General of the US
President of Iran
John Kerry
Secretary of State
Mike Lee
Utah Senator
10 terms
US GOVT
12th amendment
14th amendment
15th amendment
17th amendment
One vote for two people (Prez +Veep)
Makes certain people a citizen
All males can vote
Direct election of Senators
12th amendment
One vote for two people (Prez +Veep)
14th amendment
Makes certain people a citizen
34 terms
US Govt
Federalism
Delegated powers
Reserved powers
Concurrent powers
The balancing of power between the central government and the…
Powers that are specifically assigned to the Federal Govt'. T…
Powers specifically assigned to the states. This includes, re…
powers that the state and federal Govt' share. This includes,…
Federalism
The balancing of power between the central government and the…
Delegated powers
Powers that are specifically assigned to the Federal Govt'. T…
20 terms
US Govt.
Executive agreement
treaty
basic principles
popular sovereignty
pact made by President directly with head of foreign state
formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers…
all power resides to the people
Executive agreement
pact made by President directly with head of foreign state
treaty
formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
21 terms
US Govt
Government:
Public Policies:
Legislative Power:
Executive Power:
The governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Can be generally defined as a system of laws, regulatory meas…
Its main responsibility is the creation of laws.
The branch of federal and state government that is broadly re…
Government:
The governing body of a nation, state, or community.
Public Policies:
Can be generally defined as a system of laws, regulatory meas…
10 terms
Us govt
House of Representatives
Senate
President
Judicial
25... 7 yr citizen
30... 9 yr citizen
35... 14 yr citizen... Born citizen or citizen during constitution
No requirements
House of Representatives
25... 7 yr citizen
Senate
30... 9 yr citizen
20 terms
us govt.
John Locke
Social Contract
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
A philosopher that supported the concept of a social contract…
A voluntary agreement between the govt. and the people that a…
A document written mainly written by Thomas Jefferson, mainly…
A document written by the Second Continental Congress to be t…
John Locke
A philosopher that supported the concept of a social contract…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement between the govt. and the people that a…
18 terms
Us govt
Speaker of the house
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Bohner, REP, Ohio
McCarthy, REP, California
Scalise, REP, Louisiana
Pelosi, DEM, California
Speaker of the house
Bohner, REP, Ohio
House Majority Leader
McCarthy, REP, California
34 terms
US Govt
Federalism
Delegated powers
Reserved powers
Concurrent powers
The balancing of power between the central government and the…
Powers that are specifically assigned to the Federal Govt'. T…
Powers specifically assigned to the states. This includes, re…
powers that the state and federal Govt' share. This includes,…
Federalism
The balancing of power between the central government and the…
Delegated powers
Powers that are specifically assigned to the Federal Govt'. T…
19 terms
US GOVT
State without govt and laws
Leaders exercise power to make and enf…
Group of ppl bonded by race,language,c…
Political community that occupies terr…
Anarchy
Government
Nation
State/country
State without govt and laws
Anarchy
Leaders exercise power to make and enf…
Government
27 terms
US Govt
Conservative
Delegate Model
Direct Democracy
Elite and class theory
A person with beliefs that are traditional usually inspired b…
An elected representative that represents the views of those…
When people get together and vote for issues
The theory that the rich elite heavily influence US politics
Conservative
A person with beliefs that are traditional usually inspired b…
Delegate Model
An elected representative that represents the views of those…
21 terms
us govt
Democracy
Pure Democracy
Republic
James Madison
a form of government that derives its power from the people a…
a form of government in which the people decide policy matter…
a system in which the people choose the representatives who,…
the father of the Constitution
Democracy
a form of government that derives its power from the people a…
Pure Democracy
a form of government in which the people decide policy matter…
9 terms
Us govt
Republicanism
Federalism
Free enterprise
Individual rights
A govt in which voters hold a sovereign power elected represe…
Described the structure of America give powers is divided bet…
An economic system I which a private business operates in a c…
Refer to the liberties of each Individual to push life and go…
Republicanism
A govt in which voters hold a sovereign power elected represe…
Federalism
Described the structure of America give powers is divided bet…
28 terms
US Govt
Unitary system
Federal system
Capitalism
Socialism
Gives power to national/central govt.
Divides power- national & state/local govt.
MOP: people... DOP: people
MOP: people... DOP: govt
Unitary system
Gives power to national/central govt.
Federal system
Divides power- national & state/local govt.
34 terms
us govt
state
4 characteristics of all states
sovereignty
theories of state origin
a body of people living in a defined territory , having the p…
population , territory , sovereignty , government
absolute power within
force , evolutionary , divine right , social contract
state
a body of people living in a defined territory , having the p…
4 characteristics of all states
population , territory , sovereignty , government
Us govt
WA v. Glucksburg
Due process
Civil disobedience
Compelling interest
1997 right to die 4th amendment issue
Constitutional guarantee no person shall be deprived of life,…
Choosing to disobey a law/ knowingly breaking the law
What government wants
WA v. Glucksburg
1997 right to die 4th amendment issue
Due process
Constitutional guarantee no person shall be deprived of life,…
24 terms
us govt
checks & balances
veto
judicial review
preamble
system that goves each branch of govt the power to change or…
president's power to reject legislation
power of the court's to determine whether govt actions are co…
intro to the constitution that states the broad goal of the n…
checks & balances
system that goves each branch of govt the power to change or…
veto
president's power to reject legislation
11 terms
us govt
feudalism
republics
democracies
monarchies
system of obligations that bound lords and their subjects
supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote…
supreme power in people
supreme power in monarch
feudalism
system of obligations that bound lords and their subjects
republics
supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote…
46 terms
us govt
Civil rights
is to ensure that this constitutional…
Equal Protection Clause
Section 5
refers to the rights of all Americans to equal treatment unde…
One of the functions of our government
"No State shall...deny to any person within its jurisdiction…
provides a legal basis for federal civil rights legislation
Civil rights
refers to the rights of all Americans to equal treatment unde…
is to ensure that this constitutional…
One of the functions of our government
8 terms
us govt
market economy
samoza and dictatorship
liberty vs.equality
majorityrule vs. individual right
is known as capitalism
nicaragua
o.j simpson trial
"Under God"
market economy
is known as capitalism
samoza and dictatorship
nicaragua
44 terms
US Govt
popular sovereignty
limited government
separation of powers
checks and balances
the people are the source of complete power
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the p…
popular sovereignty
the people are the source of complete power
limited government
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose…
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