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Study sets matching "gravitation ap physics"

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Study sets matching "gravitation ap physics"

64 terms
AP Physics Universal Gravitation
The force of gravity on you is greates…
A supplier wants to make a profit by b…
The gravitational field strength at th…
If the radius of the Earth decreased w…
On earth's surface
Disregard altitude because it has a negligible effect
Zero
Increase
The force of gravity on you is greates…
On earth's surface
A supplier wants to make a profit by b…
Disregard altitude because it has a negligible effect
9 terms
AP Physics: Gravitation
gravitational field
gravitational force
free fall acceleration
GPE near surface
tells how much 1 kg of mass weighs at a location... near earth,…
mg
equal to gravitational field
mgh
gravitational field
tells how much 1 kg of mass weighs at a location... near earth,…
gravitational force
mg
17 terms
AP Physics: 07: Laws of Gravitation
(Johannes) Kepler
First
Second
Third
___ was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; ke…
Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the orbit of…
Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that a line joinin…
Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the square of…
(Johannes) Kepler
___ was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; ke…
First
Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the orbit of…
11 terms
AP Physics: Gravitational Forces
Centripetal Acceleration
Centripetal Force
Galileo Galilei
Henry Cavendish
acceleration towards the center of the circle
Force that is directed to the center of the circle, allows an…
Discovered Gravity
found the value of G
Centripetal Acceleration
acceleration towards the center of the circle
Centripetal Force
Force that is directed to the center of the circle, allows an…
19 terms
AP Physics Gravitation,UCM,Torque
Law of Universal Gravitation Formula
Acceleration due to Gravity
Force of Gravity between Multiple Masses
Circumference(d)
Fg=G(M1)(M2)/r^2
g=G(M2)/r^2
£F=G(M2)(M3)/r^2 -G(M1)(M2)/r^2
2piR
Law of Universal Gravitation Formula
Fg=G(M1)(M2)/r^2
Acceleration due to Gravity
g=G(M2)/r^2
17 terms
AP Physics: Circular Motion and Gravitation
uniform circular motion
centripetal acceleration
radial acceleration
frequency
an object that moves in a circle at a constant speed (the dir…
"center-pointing" acceleration, same as radial acceleration.
directed along the radius of the circle of motion, same as ce…
the number of revolutions per second (measured in Hz)
uniform circular motion
an object that moves in a circle at a constant speed (the dir…
centripetal acceleration
"center-pointing" acceleration, same as radial acceleration.
28 terms
Physics - Gravitation
What is Newton's law of gravitation (e…
What is Newton's law of gravitation in…
What is the inverse square law for lig…
What is a gravitational field?
The attractive gravitational force between two masses proport…
A region in which a massive object experiences a gravitationa…
What is Newton's law of gravitation (e…
What is Newton's law of gravitation in…
The attractive gravitational force between two masses proport…
20 terms
AP Physics Multiple Choice Practice - Gravitation
Each of five satellites makes a circul…
An asteroid moves in an elliptic orbit…
A person weighing 800 newtons on Earth…
Mars has a mass 1/10 that of Earth and…
Mass Radius... B) m 1/2R
D) Potential energy
A) 400N
D) 4m/s^2
Each of five satellites makes a circul…
Mass Radius... B) m 1/2R
An asteroid moves in an elliptic orbit…
D) Potential energy
18 terms
AP Physics 1 Circular Motion and Gravitation Test Review
Concepts... What happens to the force o…
What happens to the force of two masse…
What happens to the force of two masse…
What happens to the force of two masse…
1/9
1/16
x4
x2
Concepts... What happens to the force o…
1/9
What happens to the force of two masse…
1/16
PHYSICS - Gravitation
Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
Gravitational Field Strength (g)
Gravitational Potential Energy (E_P)
Gravitational Potential (V)
The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…
Gravitational force per unit mass on a point ... mass (g = F g /…
The work done in moving a mass from ... infinity to a point in s…
The work done per unit mass in moving a mass from infinity to…
Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…
Gravitational Field Strength (g)
Gravitational force per unit mass on a point ... mass (g = F g /…
16 terms
Physics gravitation
Point mass
Gravitational field
Gravitational field lines
Uniform gravitational field
A mass with negligible volume
A region in which a gravitational force acts on mass at a dis…
Lines of force used to map the gravitational field pattern ar…
A gravitational field in which the field lines are parallel a…
Point mass
A mass with negligible volume
Gravitational field
A region in which a gravitational force acts on mass at a dis…
22 terms
AP Physics 1 Circular Motion and Gravitation Test Review
Concepts... What happens to the force o…
What happens to the force of two masse…
What happens to the force of two masse…
What happens to the force of two masse…
1/9
1/16
x4
x2
Concepts... What happens to the force o…
1/9
What happens to the force of two masse…
1/16
12 terms
Physics: Gravitation
Cappernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Kepler's Laws
Polish astronomer - 1543 heliocentric model of the solar syst…
Danish astronomer buikt huge instruments, made exact measurem…
German assistant to Brahe, concluded heliocentric correct
-Paths of planets are ellipses with the sun at the focal poin…
Cappernicus
Polish astronomer - 1543 heliocentric model of the solar syst…
Brahe
Danish astronomer buikt huge instruments, made exact measurem…
8 terms
Physics Gravitation
Suppose a doorknob is places at the ce…
When an astronaut in orbit experiences…
How would the speed of Earth's orbit a…
Why does an astronaut weigh less on th…
Two times as much
the net gravitational force on the astronaut is not balanced…
t would decrease by a factor of 2
The gravitational field strength is less on the moon's surfac…
Suppose a doorknob is places at the ce…
Two times as much
When an astronaut in orbit experiences…
the net gravitational force on the astronaut is not balanced…
16 terms
Physics: gravitation
Gravity originated from...
universal force of gravity
objects in orbit are...
falling
Newton: a natural philosopher who wanted to explain the philo…
can happen anywhere and everywhere- gravity is present and ac…
falling
an object drops toward planet (due to gravity)... velocity: 0 m/s
Gravity originated from...
Newton: a natural philosopher who wanted to explain the philo…
universal force of gravity
can happen anywhere and everywhere- gravity is present and ac…
12 terms
AP Gravitation
gravitation
shell theorem
F= GMm/r^2
principle of superposition
movement, or a tendency to move, toward a center of attractiv…
In classical mechanics, the shell theorem gives gravitational…
equation for gravitation
In physics and systems theory, the superposition principle, a…
gravitation
movement, or a tendency to move, toward a center of attractiv…
shell theorem
In classical mechanics, the shell theorem gives gravitational…
25 terms
AP Physics Unit 3: Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation
acceleration
where is acceleration directed in a ci…
force
where is the force always directed
v^2/r
towards the center of the circle
EF= m(v^2/r)
towards the center of the circle
acceleration
v^2/r
where is acceleration directed in a ci…
towards the center of the circle
28 terms
physics gravitation
gravitational force
equal but opposite force with apple on…
it would leave its orbit in a straight…
they are accelerating, centripetal
attractive force between any 2 objects... -weakest of all the fo…
in apple and earth example, how are the forces compared
if the moon didnt feel an attraction to earth,
objects moveing in a circle constanly change direction so____…
gravitational force
attractive force between any 2 objects... -weakest of all the fo…
equal but opposite force with apple on…
in apple and earth example, how are the forces compared
15 terms
Universal Gravitation Physics I
G
r
M2
M1
Gravitational constant
Distance
Mass 2
Mass 1
G
Gravitational constant
r
Distance
19 terms
AP Gravitation and Centripetal Force
Angular velocity
Linear Speed
360 degrees
Zero
rad/s; ... The rate at which a body rotates about an axis.
m/s ; the distance traveled per unit of time.
Angular displacement after 1 complete revolution.
Linear displacement after 1 complete revolution.
Angular velocity
rad/s; ... The rate at which a body rotates about an axis.
Linear Speed
m/s ; the distance traveled per unit of time.
24 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 12 Universal Gravitation
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
perturbation
universal gravitational constant
a quantity varies as the inverse square of its distance from…
each object attracts the other object with a force that is di…
the deviation of an orbiting object from its path around a ce…
the constant G in the equation for Newton's law of universal…
inverse-square law
a quantity varies as the inverse square of its distance from…
law of universal gravitation
each object attracts the other object with a force that is di…
12 terms
Physics - Universal Gravitation
Albert Einstein
Gravitation
Gravitational force
Gravity
20th century German physicist who developed an alternate expl…
the mutual attraction between any two objects with mass
force of attraction between any two objects with mass; each o…
one of the 4 field forces; effects are long range but weak
Albert Einstein
20th century German physicist who developed an alternate expl…
Gravitation
the mutual attraction between any two objects with mass
6 terms
Physics Chapter 7: Gravitation
Gravitational Force
Law of Universal Graduation
Equation of Law of UG
Direct Relationship
Force of attraction between two objects
Used to quantify the relationship involved in gravitational f…
Fg = Gm1m2/r^2
As gravitational force increases so does the mass; vice versa…
Gravitational Force
Force of attraction between two objects
Law of Universal Graduation
Used to quantify the relationship involved in gravitational f…
6 terms
Physics Chapter 7: Gravitation
Kepler's First Law
Kepler's Second Law
Kepler's Third Law
Law of Universal Gravitation
planets orbit as ellipses, where the sun is the focal point
planets sweep the same area in the same amount of time
The equations for the relationship between the periods (time)…
(don't need to memorize equation but it's) F=[G (m1m2)/r^2]…
Kepler's First Law
planets orbit as ellipses, where the sun is the focal point
Kepler's Second Law
planets sweep the same area in the same amount of time
19 terms
Physics Chapter 7 Gravitation
Perihelion
Aphelion
Astronomical Unit
Short-period comet
the point nearest the sun in the orbit of a planet, comet or…
the point farthest away from the sun in the orbit of a planet…
(AU) Average distance between Earth and the Sun
orbital periods shorter than 200 years
Perihelion
the point nearest the sun in the orbit of a planet, comet or…
Aphelion
the point farthest away from the sun in the orbit of a planet…
24 terms
Physics Chapter 6: Gravitation
Force of Universal Gravitiation
Newton
Gravitation
Centripetal acceleration of moon
Every object in the universe provides an attractive force on…
Most famous for law of gravitation
Mutual force of attraction between objects.
.0027 m/s^2
Force of Universal Gravitiation
Every object in the universe provides an attractive force on…
Newton
Most famous for law of gravitation
10 terms
Physics, Law of Universal Gravitation
attractive force that exists between a…
gives materials their strength, their…
holds particles in the nucleus of an a…
form of electromagnetic force; involve…
gravitational force
electromagnetic force
strong nuclear force
weak nuclear force
attractive force that exists between a…
gravitational force
gives materials their strength, their…
electromagnetic force
9 terms
Gravitation Definitions (HL Physics)
Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
Gravitational Field Strength (g)
Gravitational Potential Energy (Ep)
Equipotential Surface
The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…
Gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…
The work done bringing a small point mass from infinity to a…
A surface on which the potential is the same everywhere
Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…
Gravitational Field Strength (g)
Gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…
14 terms
Physics: Circular Motion and Gravitation
What is the centripetal force that hol…
The force that Earth exerts on the moon?
How does the Gravitational force betwe…
What does G stand for?
Gravitational Force
Is equal in magnitude to the force the moon exerts on Earth
The force increase by a factor of 2
The constant of universal gravitation
What is the centripetal force that hol…
Gravitational Force
The force that Earth exerts on the moon?
Is equal in magnitude to the force the moon exerts on Earth
21 terms
Physics Unit 3 (p) - Circular Motion & Universal Gravitation
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
Inverse Square Law
Apparent weightlessness
Gravitational field
The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…
Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…
Occurs when an object and its surroundings are falling at the…
The attractive non-contact force that a massive body extends…
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…
Inverse Square Law
Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…
26 terms
Physics Universal Gravitation Test
Gravitational Force
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
Force & Mass
Force & Distance
attractive force between any two object; weakest of the forces
every mass feels an attractive force from every other one
Force of Gravity is directly proportional to the product of t…
Force of Gravity is inversely proportional to the square of t…
Gravitational Force
attractive force between any two object; weakest of the forces
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
every mass feels an attractive force from every other one
9 terms
Physics Momentum Gravitation
Momentum
conservation of momentum
inelastic collision
elastic collision
p=mv
P1=P2... m1v2=m2v2
m1v1+m2v2=(m1+m2)v
free body diagram- two dimensions ... mv1=m2v2cos+m3v3cos... 0=mv2…
Momentum
p=mv
conservation of momentum
P1=P2... m1v2=m2v2
10 terms
Physics universal gravitation
Kepler
1st law
Ellipse
Eccentricity
First scientist to correctly describe planetary motion
Law of orbits- planets move in ellipses with the sun at a focus
A curve on a planet surrounding focal points
Ratio of the distances deviation
Kepler
First scientist to correctly describe planetary motion
1st law
Law of orbits- planets move in ellipses with the sun at a focus
20 terms
A2 Physics - Gravitation
What is gravity?
What is the gravitational field streng…
What is the gravitational potential?
What is a gravitational field?
Gravity is the attractive force that acts between all masses.
The gravitation field stength, g, defined as:... The force that…
The gravitational potential at a point in a gravitational fie…
The force field around a mass
What is gravity?
Gravity is the attractive force that acts between all masses.
What is the gravitational field streng…
The gravitation field stength, g, defined as:... The force that…
9 terms
Physics - Gravitation and Rotation
Kepler's 1st law
Kepler's 2nd Law
Kepler's 3rd Law
Newton's 1st Law
All planets move in an elliptical orbit w/ the sun at one foc…
A line from the planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in t…
The square of the period of any planet is proportional to the…
A body will not accelerate if the sum of the forces acting on…
Kepler's 1st law
All planets move in an elliptical orbit w/ the sun at one foc…
Kepler's 2nd Law
A line from the planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in t…
8 terms
Physics 621 - Universal Gravitation
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
Geocentric theory
The paths of the planets are ellipses with the centre of the…
And imaginary line from the sun sweeps out equal areas in equ…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets re…
The earth is the centre of the solar system and the sun and o…
Kepler's first law
The paths of the planets are ellipses with the centre of the…
Kepler's second law
And imaginary line from the sun sweeps out equal areas in equ…
17 terms
Physics Universal Gravitation
1st law, elliptical, ellipse
2nd law, equal
3rd law, proportional, cubed
inverse square law of attraction
each planet moves in an ----- orbit w/ the sun at one focus o…
a line from the planet to the sun sweeps out ------- areas in…
the period of a planet's orbit squared is ------- to its aver…
Newton deduced this from Kepler's 3rd law
1st law, elliptical, ellipse
each planet moves in an ----- orbit w/ the sun at one focus o…
2nd law, equal
a line from the planet to the sun sweeps out ------- areas in…
17 terms
Physics Gravitation Unit
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 3rd Law of Planetary Motion
Newton's 1st Law of Orbital Motion
The orbits of planets are ellipses with the Sun at one focus.…
The radius vector of a planet sweeps out equal areas in equal…
The square of the orbital period of a planet is directly prop…
A body will not accelerate if the sum of the forces acting on…
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
The orbits of planets are ellipses with the Sun at one focus.…
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
The radius vector of a planet sweeps out equal areas in equal…
15 terms
Physics: Force, Motion, and Gravitation
Center of Mass
Newton's first law
Newton's second law
Newton's third law
The center of mass is the average distance, weighted by mass.…
The law of inertia basically states the following: without an…
(F = ma)... A net force acting on an object will cause that obj…
Newton's third law, forces equal and opposite... Every action ha…
Center of Mass
The center of mass is the average distance, weighted by mass.…
Newton's first law
The law of inertia basically states the following: without an…
15 terms
Physics (Gravitation & Circular Motion)
The force of gravity between two objects
value of G
Gravity decreases rapidly with ____
The force of gravity decreases as the…
F=(Gm1m2)/r^2
6.67x10^-11
distance
inverse of the square of distance (1/r^2)
The force of gravity between two objects
F=(Gm1m2)/r^2
value of G
6.67x10^-11
11 terms
physics gravitation test
what are the 10 components of the sola…
interesting fact about Mercury
interesting fact about Venus
interesting fact about Earth
1- Mercury... 2- Venus... 3- Earth... 4- Mars... 5- Asteroid Belt... 6- Jupi…
smallest plannet in solar system
rotates counter-clockwise
planet with greatest density in Solar system
what are the 10 components of the sola…
1- Mercury... 2- Venus... 3- Earth... 4- Mars... 5- Asteroid Belt... 6- Jupi…
interesting fact about Mercury
smallest plannet in solar system
14 terms
Physics Universal Gravitation
Celestial
Terrestrial
Rotation
Revolution
Motion of objects in space
Motion of objects on Earth
Circular motion with the axis in the object
Circular motion with the axis outside of the object
Celestial
Motion of objects in space
Terrestrial
Motion of objects on Earth
16 terms
Physics unit 4 gravitation
Newtons universal law of gravitation
Force is____proportional to mass
Force is_____proportional to distance
Weightless does not mean____... It means.…
Every object with mass is attracted to every other object wit…
Directly
Inversely
Zero gravity... No supporting force
Newtons universal law of gravitation
Every object with mass is attracted to every other object wit…
Force is____proportional to mass
Directly
9 terms
Physics: Circular Motion and Gravitation
uniform circular motion
changing velocity in uniform circular…
centripetal acceleration
period
occurs when an object moves in a circular path with a constan…
the change in the velocity vector is due to the change in dir…
the acceleration is always perpendicular to the path of the m…
the period, T, is the time required for one complete revoluti…
uniform circular motion
occurs when an object moves in a circular path with a constan…
changing velocity in uniform circular…
the change in the velocity vector is due to the change in dir…
28 terms
physics test (gravitation)
copernicus
tycho brahe
kelper
galileo
sun centered solar system
made accurate observations of the positions of the planets an…
mathematically described orbital motion
demonstrated a low mass object and a high mass object fall wi…
copernicus
sun centered solar system
tycho brahe
made accurate observations of the positions of the planets an…
11 terms
Physics universal gravitation
What quantities does the acceleration…
Affect on weight if mass of earth doub…
Affect on weight if radius triples mas…
Affect on weight if you find yourself…
Radius and mass
Double
1/9
Infinity
What quantities does the acceleration…
Radius and mass
Affect on weight if mass of earth doub…
Double
16 terms
Physics Chapter 7 : Gravitation
Nicholas Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Kepler's 1st law
- sun centered universe ... - circular planetary orbits
- accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary obser…
- explained planetary movement ... - discovered laws to describe…
The paths of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one focus
Nicholas Copernicus
- sun centered universe ... - circular planetary orbits
Tycho Brahe
- accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary obser…
11 terms
Physics Circular Motion and Gravitation
Time Period (T)
Angular Displacement (theta)
Angular Velocity (w)
Frequency (f)
Time taken to complete one circle, unit is second
Angle of a line joining body to center, unit is radian
angle swept out per unit time, unit is radian/second... omega (w…
number of complete revolutions per minute... f=1/T OR w=f2pi
Time Period (T)
Time taken to complete one circle, unit is second
Angular Displacement (theta)
Angle of a line joining body to center, unit is radian
13 terms
universal gravitation physics unit
scientific notation
Newton's law of universal gravitation
universal gravitational constant (G)
perturbation
a mathematical expression used to represent a decimal number…
Fg=Gm1m2/d^2... states that a particle attracts every other part…
G=6.67x10^-11 Nm^2/kg
a secondary influence on a system that modifies simple behavi…
scientific notation
a mathematical expression used to represent a decimal number…
Newton's law of universal gravitation
Fg=Gm1m2/d^2... states that a particle attracts every other part…
11 terms
Physics Universal Gravitation Quiz
centripetal force
the force of gravity between earth and…
gravitational force exists between...
the force of gravity between two objec…
the force needed to move any object in a circular motion
it keeps the earth in orbit
ALL objects that have mass
proportional, mass
centripetal force
the force needed to move any object in a circular motion
the force of gravity between earth and…
it keeps the earth in orbit
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