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Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Inverse Square Law

Universal gravitational constant

Orbit

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

Known as "Big G": 6.67 x10⁻¹¹ Nm²/kg²... Discovered by Henry Cav…

The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Inverse Square Law

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

air resistance

centripetal acceleration

distance

force

the fluid friction experienced by objects falling through the…

acceleration toward the center of a curved or circular path

the length of a path between two points

a push or a pull

air resistance

the fluid friction experienced by objects falling through the…

centripetal acceleration

acceleration toward the center of a curved or circular path

Kepler's first law

Ellipse

Kepler's first law

Force of attraction

The path a planet follows around the sun is an ellipse.

According to kepler's first law, the path a planet follows ar…

States that the sun is located at one focus of a planet's orb…

Newton found that the ______ ___ _____ between two masses is…

Kepler's first law

The path a planet follows around the sun is an ellipse.

Ellipse

According to kepler's first law, the path a planet follows ar…

Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation*

Gravitational Field Strength*

Gravitational Potential Energy*

Gravitational Potential*

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

Symbol: g... Gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a sma…

The work done bringing a small point mass from infinity to a…

Symbol:V... The work done per unit mass bringing a small point…

Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation*

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

Gravitational Field Strength*

Symbol: g... Gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a sma…

*Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation

*Gravitational Field Strength (g)

*Gravitational Potential Energy (EP)

*Gravitational Potential (V)

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…

the work done bringing a small point mass in from infinity to…

the work done per unit mass bringing a small point mass in fr…

*Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

*Gravitational Field Strength (g)

gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…

*Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation

*Gravitational Field Strength (g)

*Gravitational Potential Energy (EP)

*Gravitational Potential (V)

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…

the work done bringing a small point mass in from infinity to…

the work done per unit mass bringing a small point mass in fr…

*Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation

The force of gravity between two objects is directly proporti…

*Gravitational Field Strength (g)

gravitational force per unit mass exerted on a small or point…

gravity(newton's law of gravitation)

GRAVITATIONAL CONSTANT

GRAVITATION

KEPLER'S LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION

Everybody in the universe attracts every other objects with a…

If the masses M1 and M2 of the two bodies I 1 kg each and the…

The force of gravitation is a vector quantity and it acts alo…

1.The planets move in an elliptical Orbit with the sun at one…

gravity(newton's law of gravitation)

Everybody in the universe attracts every other objects with a…

GRAVITATIONAL CONSTANT

If the masses M1 and M2 of the two bodies I 1 kg each and the…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Inverse Square Law

Universal gravitational constant

Orbit

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

Known as "Big G": 6.67 x10⁻¹¹ Nm²/kg²... Discovered by Henry Cav…

The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Inverse Square Law

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

Newton's law of universal gravitation

Geostationary satellite

Gravitational field

Gravitational field strength

- Newton's law of gravitation states that the gravitational f…

- A geostationary satellite is one which will always remain a…

A region in space where a gravitational force is experienced…

The gravitational field strength at a point is defined as the…

Newton's law of universal gravitation

- Newton's law of gravitation states that the gravitational f…

Geostationary satellite

- A geostationary satellite is one which will always remain a…

Gravitation

uniform shell of matter

gravity inside a spherical mass

hypothesis about when moving inside ea…

every particle in the universe attracts every other particle…

...attracts a particle that is outside the shell as if the sh…

a uniform shell of matter exerts no net gravitational force o…

as we tunnel into the earth, the shell outside of our locatio…

Gravitation

every particle in the universe attracts every other particle…

uniform shell of matter

...attracts a particle that is outside the shell as if the sh…

L'interaction gravitationnelle

Force d'interaction gravitationnelle s…

F

G

Entre 2 corps ponctuels A et B est modalisée par des forces d…

F= G ** m1 ** m2 / d2

Force ( N )

Constante de gravitation

L'interaction gravitationnelle

Entre 2 corps ponctuels A et B est modalisée par des forces d…

Force d'interaction gravitationnelle s…

F= G ** m1 ** m2 / d2

Gravitation

Shell Theorem

Principle of superposition

Gravitational potential energy

movement, or a tendency to move, toward a center of attractiv…

gives gravitational simplifications that can be applied to ob…

for all linear systems, the net response at a given place and…

energy an object possesses because of its position in a gravi…

Gravitation

movement, or a tendency to move, toward a center of attractiv…

Shell Theorem

gives gravitational simplifications that can be applied to ob…

Keplers 1st law

Keplers 2nd law

Math expression for Keps 3rd law

The masses

The paths of the planets with the sun at one focus

An imaginary line from the sun to a planet sweeps out equal a…

Ta squared/tb squared= ra cubed/ rb cubed

The force of attraction is proportional to what

Keplers 1st law

The paths of the planets with the sun at one focus

Keplers 2nd law

An imaginary line from the sun to a planet sweeps out equal a…

The horizontal motion of a projectile

The vertical motion of a projectile

Field (gravitational, electric or magn…

Gravitational field strength

* always uniform (constant) velocity... * the larger the horizon…

* initial downward velocity (u)=0m/s... * the accelerate because…

The area or volume in which a force is exerted on a particle…

Defined as the gravitational force acting on a unit mass loca…

The horizontal motion of a projectile

* always uniform (constant) velocity... * the larger the horizon…

The vertical motion of a projectile

* initial downward velocity (u)=0m/s... * the accelerate because…

gravitation

centrepetal force

newtons universal law of gravitation

why is newtons law of gravitation a un…

the mutual force of attraction between any two bodies

the force that causes acceleration and makes an object move i…

everybody in this universe attracts the other body with a for…

the force of gravitation is only positive which is omnipresen…

gravitation

the mutual force of attraction between any two bodies

centrepetal force

the force that causes acceleration and makes an object move i…

Critical velocity

Newton's law of g

Binding energy

Escape velocity

The minimum velocity that must be given to satellite so that…

Every particle of matter attract every other particle with th…

The minimum amount of energy required for satellite to escape…

The minimum velocity with which a body should be projected fr…

Critical velocity

The minimum velocity that must be given to satellite so that…

Newton's law of g

Every particle of matter attract every other particle with th…

Kepler's first law

Kepler's second law

Kepler's third law

gravitational force

the paths of the planets are ellipses, with the sun at one fo…

states that an imaginary one from the Sun to a planet sweeps…

states that the square ratio of the periods of any two planet…

The force of attraction between two objects must be proportio…

Kepler's first law

the paths of the planets are ellipses, with the sun at one fo…

Kepler's second law

states that an imaginary one from the Sun to a planet sweeps…

Thrust

Pressure

Definition of 1 pascal

Density

The force acting perpendicular to the surface

Thrust per unit area ... Si unit is pascal or n/m2

When a force of 1N acts on an area of 1M2 the pressure exerte…

Mass per unit volume ... Si unit is kg/m3

Thrust

The force acting perpendicular to the surface

Pressure

Thrust per unit area ... Si unit is pascal or n/m2

Newton's Law of Gravitation

Gravitational field strength g at a po…

The value of g will decrease...

In a gravitational field, the gravitat…

F = GMm / r2

the force per unit mass at that point

...as r increases

...because the pull between two masses (e.g.. Earth and Moon)…

Newton's Law of Gravitation

F = GMm / r2

Gravitational field strength g at a po…

the force per unit mass at that point

Fg = G(m1•m2)/(r²)

All planets orbit the Sun in elliptica…

A planet sweeps out an equal area of s…

The ratio of the cube of a planet's me…

Newton's Law of Gravitation: formula gives the attractive for…

What is Kepler's first law?

What is Kepler's second law?

What is Kepler's third law?

Fg = G(m1•m2)/(r²)

Newton's Law of Gravitation: formula gives the attractive for…

All planets orbit the Sun in elliptica…

What is Kepler's first law?

Who made up the heliocentric idea

What did Galileo notice when he looked…

Who measured 5 planets positions for 2…

Law of orbits

Copernicus

Jupiters moons orbiting Jupiter

Brahe

"the orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one f…

Who made up the heliocentric idea

Copernicus

What did Galileo notice when he looked…

Jupiters moons orbiting Jupiter

Norme de la force entre deux corps

Force terre

intensité de pesenteur

Poids

FA/B=FB/A=G.(mA.mB)/d²... mA et mB en kg, F en N, G=6.67x10^-11…

FT/object=G.(Mt.m)/RT²=P

g=G.MT/RT²=9,8 N.kg^-1

P=mxg, m:kg, g:9,8 N.kg^-1

Norme de la force entre deux corps

FA/B=FB/A=G.(mA.mB)/d²... mA et mB en kg, F en N, G=6.67x10^-11…

Force terre

FT/object=G.(Mt.m)/RT²=P

astronomer

ellipse

orbit

rotate

scientist who studies everything about the universe (planets,…

a curve on a plane that surrounds two focal points such that…

the curved (usually elliptical) path of an object around a po…

to spin in place around an internal axis

astronomer

scientist who studies everything about the universe (planets,…

ellipse

a curve on a plane that surrounds two focal points such that…

MASS (STUFF)

WEIGHT

LAW OF UNIVERSAL GRAVITATION STATE

UNIT FOR MASS

Is the amount of matter in an object/... Doesn't change with loc…

Measure how strong gravitational pull is/... Depends on location…

Newton's Law states that every object in the Universe attract…

grams or kilograms

MASS (STUFF)

Is the amount of matter in an object/... Doesn't change with loc…

WEIGHT

Measure how strong gravitational pull is/... Depends on location…

What did our current understanding of…

Who was the first to publish Heliocent…

Galileo was a major proponent of?

When Galileo pointed his telescope to…

an attempt to understand planetary motion.

Copernicus (Polish Astronomer)

Heliocentric model

discovered sunspots, phases of Venus, stars of milky way, Jup…

What did our current understanding of…

an attempt to understand planetary motion.

Who was the first to publish Heliocent…

Copernicus (Polish Astronomer)

Kepler

Newtons

Corpenicus

Tycho brahe

Worked out the details of how the orbits of the moon and plan…

Described the force of gravity.... -first law: inertia ... -second…

Sun is at center of universe

Planetary observations in planatery motion

Kepler

Worked out the details of how the orbits of the moon and plan…

Newtons

Described the force of gravity.... -first law: inertia ... -second…

What's the definition of radial gravit…

What is the gravitational potential at…

The work done in bringing a unit mass…

Give the SI unit of gravitational fiel…

The magnitude of the field strength at a distance r from the…

The work done in bringing a unit mass from infinity to that p…

F=Gm1m2/r^s

NKg^-1

What's the definition of radial gravit…

The magnitude of the field strength at a distance r from the…

What is the gravitational potential at…

The work done in bringing a unit mass from infinity to that p…

F=GM1M2/R²

What type of force is Gravity?

What is gravity inversely proportional…

Name a natural satellite

Newtons law of gravitation

An attractive force

R^2 (the square of the distance between two point masses)

The moon

F=GM1M2/R²

Newtons law of gravitation

What type of force is Gravity?

An attractive force

Two identical satellites orbit the ear…

Now assume that a satellite of mass m…

Two objects attract each other gravita…

Two objects attract each other gravita…

At a distance greater than r.

Tm is greater than Te.

The gravitational force increases by a factor of 4

The gravitational force increases by a factor of 4.

Two identical satellites orbit the ear…

At a distance greater than r.

Now assume that a satellite of mass m…

Tm is greater than Te.

Qu'est ce que la gravité?

Ça dépend de quoi la gravité?

Plus la masse est grande

Plus la distance est grande

Une force d'attraction exercée par un objet.

La masse des objets et de la distance qui les séparent.

Plus la gravité est grande

Plus la gravité est petite.

Qu'est ce que la gravité?

Une force d'attraction exercée par un objet.

Ça dépend de quoi la gravité?

La masse des objets et de la distance qui les séparent.

Quest ce que la gravité?

Ça dépend de quoi la gravité?

+ la masse est grand

+ la distance est grande

Une force d'attraction exercer par un objet.

La masse des objet et de la distance qui les séparent.

Plus la gravité est grande

Plus la gravité est petite.

Quest ce que la gravité?

Une force d'attraction exercer par un objet.

Ça dépend de quoi la gravité?

La masse des objet et de la distance qui les séparent.

Gravitational force

Law of universal gravitation equation

Universal gravitational constant, G

Gravitational field strength, g

An attractive force that acts between any two object, affecte…

F = Gm₁m₂/r², where F is the gravitational force, m₁ and m₂ a…

G = 6.67 x10⁻¹¹ N kg⁻² m²

The force per unit mass placed at that point in the field

Gravitational force

An attractive force that acts between any two object, affecte…

Law of universal gravitation equation

F = Gm₁m₂/r², where F is the gravitational force, m₁ and m₂ a…

Gravitational Force

Law of Universal Gravitation Equation

Universal gravitational constant, G

Gravitational Field Strength, g

An attractive field force that acts between any two object, a…

F = Gm₁m₂/r², where F is the gravitational force, m₁ and m₂ a…

G = 6.67 x10⁻¹¹ N kg⁻² m²

The force per unit mass placed at that point in the field

Gravitational Force

An attractive field force that acts between any two object, a…

Law of Universal Gravitation Equation

F = Gm₁m₂/r², where F is the gravitational force, m₁ and m₂ a…

Newtons law of universal gravitation

Newtons law of universal gravitation e…

universal gravitational constant

F= G m1m2/d^2

states that every object attracts every other object with a f…

f= m1m2/d^2

the proportional form of the law of universal gravitation can…

universal gravitational constant

Newtons law of universal gravitation

states that every object attracts every other object with a f…

Newtons law of universal gravitation e…

f= m1m2/d^2

gravity

distance

gravitational pull

the force or pull one object has on another

_______________, established by **Newton**, states that 2 objec…

Variables that determine the force of gravity is mass and ___…

The **Earth** have 6 times the mass of the **Moon**, thus, it hav…

gravity

the force or pull one object has on another

_______________, established by **Newton**, states that 2 objec…

Gravitation -

Universal Gravitational Constant -

Albert Einstein

Magnitude

the mutual attraction between any two objects with mass

the universal constant relating force to mass and distance ba…

20th century physicist, German-born, who developed the genera…

a number that shows the size, extent, or importance of someth…

Gravitation -

the mutual attraction between any two objects with mass

Universal Gravitational Constant -

the universal constant relating force to mass and distance ba…

Star

Magnitude

Planet

Natural Satellite

A ball of Hydrogen and Helium gas held together by gravity an…

Brightness of a star

A mass of material that is elliptically orbiting a star

Asteroid, Moon

Star

A ball of Hydrogen and Helium gas held together by gravity an…

Magnitude

Brightness of a star