Study sets matching "gravity chapter 5"

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12 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity
Centripetal Force
Ellipse
Escape Speed
Gravitational Force
Any force that is directed at right angles to the path of a m…
A closed curve of oval shape for which the sum of the distanc…
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
The attractive force between objects due to mass.
Centripetal Force
Any force that is directed at right angles to the path of a m…
Ellipse
A closed curve of oval shape for which the sum of the distanc…
10 terms
CHAPTER 5: Gravity
Acceleration of gravity
Momentum
Mass
Acceleration
A measure of the strength of gravity
A measure of its amount of motion
A measure of the amount of matter making up an object
A change in velocity
Acceleration of gravity
A measure of the strength of gravity
Momentum
A measure of its amount of motion
25 terms
Chapter 5 - Gravity
Natural Motion
Violent Motion
Acceleration of Gravity
Inertia
in Aristotelian physics, the motion of objects toward their n…
in Aristotelian physics, motion produced when you force an ob…
measure of the strength of gravity at a planet's surface
resistance of matter to changes in motion
Natural Motion
in Aristotelian physics, the motion of objects toward their n…
Violent Motion
in Aristotelian physics, motion produced when you force an ob…
Chapter 5 gravity
Tangential celocity
Orgin of newtons law of gravition ... Ari…
Isac newton
Newton discovered
A velocity parell to earths surface
Celestial diffrent set
Same every pbjecr in iniverse every other object
Gravitional force
Tangential celocity
A velocity parell to earths surface
Orgin of newtons law of gravition ... Ari…
Celestial diffrent set
Chapter 5- Gravity
Galileo Galilei(1564-1642)
Acceleration
3 Different kinds of acceleration
Newton's three laws of motion-Law 1
-Falling objects are accelerated ... -Acceleration due to gravit…
-Acceleration (a) is the change of a body's velocity (v) with…
1)Acceleration in the coventional sense (ie. increasing speed…
1) A body continues at rest or in uniform motion in a straigh…
Galileo Galilei(1564-1642)
-Falling objects are accelerated ... -Acceleration due to gravit…
Acceleration
-Acceleration (a) is the change of a body's velocity (v) with…
5 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity
Newtons First law of Motion
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Acceleration
Velocity
Object continues to rest or in uniform motion in a straight l…
Acceleration is the result of a force acting on mass
Change in velocity
Speed with a specific direction
Newtons First law of Motion
Object continues to rest or in uniform motion in a straight l…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Acceleration is the result of a force acting on mass
7 terms
Gravity/Chapter 5
Gravity
Where does gravity act?
How are mass and gravity similar?
How are distance and gravity similar?
The downforce force that pulls objects together/ an attractio…
It acts between all objects in the universe! It pulls towards…
More mass= more gravity.
More distance= less gravity
Gravity
The downforce force that pulls objects together/ an attractio…
Where does gravity act?
It acts between all objects in the universe! It pulls towards…
Astronomy Chapter 5 Gravity
Natural motion
Violent motion
Acceleration of Gravity
Acceleration
The motion of objects toward their natural places
Motion other than natural motion
A measure of the strength of gravity at a planets surface
A change in velocity in either speed or direction
Natural motion
The motion of objects toward their natural places
Violent motion
Motion other than natural motion
12 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4: Gravity
Gravity
speed, direction, or both
The reason is that the mass of most ob…
very large
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The force of gravity can change the motion of an object by ch…
Why don't you notice objects moving toward each other?
Since Earth has a large mass, Earth's gravitational force is
Gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
speed, direction, or both
The force of gravity can change the motion of an object by ch…
27 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity and Motion
Acceleration
Acceleration of Gravity
Angular Momentum
Central Force
The rate of change of velocity.
The acceleration of a body--9.8 m/s--caused by the force of g…
The momentum of a body associated with its rotation or revolu…
A force directed at the center of motion of a body.
Acceleration
The rate of change of velocity.
Acceleration of Gravity
The acceleration of a body--9.8 m/s--caused by the force of g…
Chapter 5: Circular motion and gravity
Uniform circular motion
centripetal acceleration
frequency and period
centripetal force
-the speed is constant for uniform circular motion... -velocity…
(a = v/t)... θ = s/r = (v∆t)/r... a,c = (v^2/r)
-circumference of a circle of radius r is 2πr... -the period is…
-implies a ner centripetal force toward the center of the cir…
Uniform circular motion
-the speed is constant for uniform circular motion... -velocity…
centripetal acceleration
(a = v/t)... θ = s/r = (v∆t)/r... a,c = (v^2/r)
34 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity and Impact Forces
Gravity (G)
G depends on
G pull at north and south poles
G pull at equator
force drawing two or more objects together
masses of the objects and distance objects are away from each…
32.258/sec
32.088/sec
Gravity (G)
force drawing two or more objects together
G depends on
masses of the objects and distance objects are away from each…
14 terms
CHAPTER 5: GRAVITY & IMPACT FORCES
gravity
falling bodies formula
instantaneous velocity formula
impulse/momentum formula
the force drawing two or more objects together; depends on th…
d=1/2 gt^2
=gt
Ft=m(vi)
gravity
the force drawing two or more objects together; depends on th…
falling bodies formula
d=1/2 gt^2
20 terms
Chapter 5, Part 1 Gravity
Perpendicular.
Tangential.
Geocentric.
Weight.
Tangential velocity is a sideways velocity ____ to the pull o…
The force that keeps the moon from crashing into the earth is…
The earth-centered theory developed thousands of years ago by…
Force of gravity active on an object.
Perpendicular.
Tangential velocity is a sideways velocity ____ to the pull o…
Tangential.
The force that keeps the moon from crashing into the earth is…
18 terms
Chapter 5 - Force, Friction, & Gravity
Mass
Weight
Friction
newton
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
Measure of the gravitational force on an object
...opposes motion between surfaces in contact
Unit of force
Mass
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
Weight
Measure of the gravitational force on an object
24 terms
Chapter 5 terms gravity&velocity
motion
reference point
speed
velocity
when an object changes position over time relative to a refer…
object that appears to stay in place
the distance traveled by an object divided by the time taken…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
motion
when an object changes position over time relative to a refer…
reference point
object that appears to stay in place
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
Chapter 5 - Newton, Einstein, and Gravity
Perigee is
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
A comet near the sun whose orbit is __…
Newtonian physics tells us that Kepler…
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
a person pushing a car along the street
hyperbolic
is a result of the conservation of angular momentum
Perigee is
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
a person pushing a car along the street
Chapter 5&6: Motion, Force, Friction, Gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion s…
A push or pull
Move objects
No
Objects at rest will remain at rest, objects in motion will s…
What are forces?
A push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
Move objects
34 terms
Chapter 5, Part 2 Gravity
First.
Too Fast.
Aphelion.
Solar.
Kepler's _____ Law of Planetary Motion states that all planet…
If a satellite's speed is _____ it will escape Earth's gravity.
A planet's farthest position from the sun.
A _____ eclipse occurs during a new moon when the moon comes…
First.
Kepler's _____ Law of Planetary Motion states that all planet…
Too Fast.
If a satellite's speed is _____ it will escape Earth's gravity.
45 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
Astronomy Ch 5 Gravity
Kepler's First Law
Kepler's Second Law
Kepler's Third Law
Aristotle
The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one fo…
A line from a planet to the sun sweeps over equal areas in eq…
A planet's orbital period squared is proportional to its aver…
Natural & Violent Motion
Kepler's First Law
The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one fo…
Kepler's Second Law
A line from a planet to the sun sweeps over equal areas in eq…
45 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
Chapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets and Gravity
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
Astronauts orbiting the Earth in the s…
A rock with a mass of 100 kg on Earth…
120 lbs
Mars, Jupiter and Saturn
They, and all things with them, were in free fall
The weight of the rock is dependent on gravity
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
120 lbs
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
Mars, Jupiter and Saturn
Chapter 5 Centripetal Motion, the Planets, and Gravity
Period
RPSs
Centripetal Force
acceloration
a specific time interval
rotations per minute
the net force that makes an object turn
the change in velocity associated with the change in direcdtiom
Period
a specific time interval
RPSs
rotations per minute
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
A force of attraction that can change…
The measure of gravitational force on…
The measure of the amount of matter in…
Add or remove matter
gravity
weight
mass
Only way to change mass
A force of attraction that can change…
gravity
The measure of gravitational force on…
weight
chapter gravity
force
mass
gravity
weight
A push or pull exerted on an object
A measure of how much matter is in an object
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
force
A push or pull exerted on an object
mass
A measure of how much matter is in an object
11 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
gravity
weight
mass
Only way to change mass
A force of attraction that can change the motion of an object…
The measure of gravitational force on an object. It will chan…
The measure of the amount of matter in an object. Remains con…
Add or remove matter
gravity
A force of attraction that can change the motion of an object…
weight
The measure of gravitational force on an object. It will chan…
12 terms
Astro- Ch.5 Gravity- Quiz 1/2
natural motion
violent motion
acceleration of gravity
momentum
In Aristotelian physics, the motin of objects toward their na…
In Aristotelian physics, motion other than natural motion.
A measure of the strength of gravity at a planet's surface.
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving; mathemati…
natural motion
In Aristotelian physics, the motin of objects toward their na…
violent motion
In Aristotelian physics, motion other than natural motion.
12 terms
CH 5 - SPECIFIC GRAVITY
Density
Density of Water
Specific Gravity
Specific Gravity Equation
(d or p) - the weight (mass) per unit volume of a substance.…
Mass of 1cc of water is 1 g. 1cc occupies the same space as 1…
(sp gr or SG) is a ratio expressed decimally, of the weight (…
SG = weight of substance (g)/ weight of equal volume of stand…
Density
(d or p) - the weight (mass) per unit volume of a substance.…
Density of Water
Mass of 1cc of water is 1 g. 1cc occupies the same space as 1…
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
Gravity
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
What is an object that is massive enou…
Who is Newton?
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
Earth
- a British scientist... - made the law known as the law of univ…
Gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
13 terms
Gravity, Weight and Mass Chpt 5 Section 4
gravity
mass
weight
inertia
A force that pulls objects together
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
Tendency of an object to resist change in motion... stay at rest…
gravity
A force that pulls objects together
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
5 terms
Gravity chapter
Gravity
Inertia
Mass
Weight
A pull between all objects in the universe.
Resistance to change in motion
The amount of the matter an object has
The amount gravity pulls on an object
Gravity
A pull between all objects in the universe.
Inertia
Resistance to change in motion
6 terms
Chapter 7 Vocab - Gravity
Law of Universal Gravitation
Inverse- Square Law
Parabola
Projectile
Force= G times mass1 times mass2 divided by distance squared
A law relating the intensity of an effect to the inverse squa…
A projectiles curved path
Any object that moves through the air or through space under…
Law of Universal Gravitation
Force= G times mass1 times mass2 divided by distance squared
Inverse- Square Law
A law relating the intensity of an effect to the inverse squa…
Unit 5 Space & Gravity
force
gravity
high tides
Newton
a push or pull
the force that pulls everything to the center of the Earth
places where oceans bulge
metric unit for forces including weight
force
a push or pull
gravity
the force that pulls everything to the center of the Earth
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
Gravity
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
What is an object that is massive enou…
Who is Newton?
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
Earth
- a British scientist... - made the law known as the law of univ…
Gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
18 terms
Section 5 : Gravity
Gravity
Law of universal gravitation
Universal Gravitational Equation
F
A force that pulls object together.
1. Every object in the universe pulls with a gravitational fo…
The Gravitational force between two objects
Gravity
A force that pulls object together.
Law of universal gravitation
1. Every object in the universe pulls with a gravitational fo…
Chapter 1: Gravity
Mass
1 year
Lunar Eclipse
Rays
the amount of matter an object has
the amount of time it takes the Earth to revolve around the sun
the Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon
the path sunlight travels away for the sun
Mass
the amount of matter an object has
1 year
the amount of time it takes the Earth to revolve around the sun
8 terms
Physics: Chapter 9 Gravity
Law of universal gravitation
Inverse-square law
Weight
Weightless
For any part of objects, each particle attracts the other obj…
The law that relates the intensity of an effect to the invers…
the force that an object extras on supporting surface
the condition in which an object experiences no support force…
Law of universal gravitation
For any part of objects, each particle attracts the other obj…
Inverse-square law
The law that relates the intensity of an effect to the invers…
14 terms
Physics Chapter 9- Gravity
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
Gravitation Formula
Bigger distance means the force of att…
Inverse-Squared law
-Every object pulls on every other object with a gravitationa…
Force=mass of object 1 * mass of object2... /distance^2
-If an object moves away by 2d, then the force drops by 4.
-Gravitational Forces between 2 objects depends on how far th…
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
-Every object pulls on every other object with a gravitationa…
Gravitation Formula
Force=mass of object 1 * mass of object2... /distance^2
22 terms
Unit 5 Electrostatics + Gravity Chapter 32 +12
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
perturbation
tangential velocity
a physical quantity varies inversely as another quantity squa…
every object attracts every other object with a force proport…
a secondary influence on a system that causes it to deviate s…
a velocity that acts in a line perpendicular to the radius of…
inverse-square law
a physical quantity varies inversely as another quantity squa…
law of universal gravitation
every object attracts every other object with a force proport…
65 terms
Multiplication Facts 1-5 - Gravity
1x0
1x1
1x2
1x3
0
1
2
3
1x0
0
1x1
1
Gravity, Weight and Mass Chpt 5 Section 4
gravity
mass
weight
inertia
A force that pulls objects together
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
Tendency of an object to resist change in motion... stay at rest…
gravity
A force that pulls objects together
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
11 terms
Unit 5: Gravity
5.97 • 10^24
2 • 10^30
1/6 of something's mass on eartg
the moon
what is the mass of the earth
what is the mass of the sun
what is the mass of the moon
what has a greater influence on tides, the moon or sun
5.97 • 10^24
what is the mass of the earth
2 • 10^30
what is the mass of the sun
Lecture 5: Gravity
the legend of the falling apple
the fact of the falling moon
tangential velocity
Newtons Laws of Universal Gravitation
-Newton was not the first to discover gravity... -Newton discove…
-we know that the moon falls around Earth in the sense that i…
ensures a nearly circular motion around and around Earth rath…
-every body in the universe attracts every other body with a…
the legend of the falling apple
-Newton was not the first to discover gravity... -Newton discove…
the fact of the falling moon
-we know that the moon falls around Earth in the sense that i…
5.1 Gravity and Friction
What are some content forces and some…
What is the law of universal gravitati…
How does friction affect the motion of…
Force
And a musician pushing on piano keys and a bat hitting a base…
The law of universal gravitation states that all objects are…
Frictions slows the motion of two objects sliding past each o…
A push or pull on an object.
What are some content forces and some…
And a musician pushing on piano keys and a bat hitting a base…
What is the law of universal gravitati…
The law of universal gravitation states that all objects are…
Chapter 12 Gravity
Product, masses
Square, distance
m1, m2, d^2
More force
The force of gravity is directly proportional to the ___ of t…
The force of gravity is inversely proportional to the ___ of…
Newton's law of universal gravitation: Fg~___*___/___
More mass means ___
Product, masses
The force of gravity is directly proportional to the ___ of t…
Square, distance
The force of gravity is inversely proportional to the ___ of…
Chapter 10 gravity
Force
Unbalanced forces.
Net Force
Balanced Forces
a push or pull exerted on an object.
a non zero net force that changes an objects motion.
The Overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions.
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object.
Unbalanced forces.
a non zero net force that changes an objects motion.
25 terms
Chapter 3: Gravity
Gravity
Weight
Mass
Newton's 1st Law
All objects attract each other; stronger force by larger mass…
The gravitational force
Is a measure of how much material an object is made of
A curve is required to change am object's velocity
Gravity
All objects attract each other; stronger force by larger mass…
Weight
The gravitational force
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