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Study sets matching "gravity chapter 5"

12 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity
Centripetal Force
Ellipse
Escape Speed
Gravitational Force
Any force that is directed at right angles to the path of a m…
A closed curve of oval shape for which the sum of the distanc…
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
The attractive force between objects due to mass.
Centripetal Force
Any force that is directed at right angles to the path of a m…
Ellipse
A closed curve of oval shape for which the sum of the distanc…
25 terms
Chapter 5 - Gravity
Natural Motion
Violent Motion
Acceleration of Gravity
Inertia
in Aristotelian physics, the motion of objects toward their n…
in Aristotelian physics, motion produced when you force an ob…
measure of the strength of gravity at a planet's surface
resistance of matter to changes in motion
Natural Motion
in Aristotelian physics, the motion of objects toward their n…
Violent Motion
in Aristotelian physics, motion produced when you force an ob…
10 terms
CHAPTER 5: Gravity
Acceleration of gravity
Momentum
Mass
Acceleration
A measure of the strength of gravity
A measure of its amount of motion
A measure of the amount of matter making up an object
A change in velocity
Acceleration of gravity
A measure of the strength of gravity
Momentum
A measure of its amount of motion
28 terms
Chapter 5 gravity
Tangential celocity
Orgin of newtons law of gravition ... Ari…
Isac newton
Newton discovered
A velocity parell to earths surface
Celestial diffrent set
Same every pbjecr in iniverse every other object
Gravitional force
Tangential celocity
A velocity parell to earths surface
Orgin of newtons law of gravition ... Ari…
Celestial diffrent set
14 terms
Chapter 5- Gravity
Galileo Galilei(1564-1642)
Acceleration
3 Different kinds of acceleration
Newton's three laws of motion-Law 1
-Falling objects are accelerated ... -Acceleration due to gravit…
-Acceleration (a) is the change of a body's velocity (v) with…
1)Acceleration in the coventional sense (ie. increasing speed…
1) A body continues at rest or in uniform motion in a straigh…
Galileo Galilei(1564-1642)
-Falling objects are accelerated ... -Acceleration due to gravit…
Acceleration
-Acceleration (a) is the change of a body's velocity (v) with…
24 terms
Astronomy Chapter 5 Gravity
Natural motion
Violent motion
Acceleration of Gravity
Acceleration
The motion of objects toward their natural places
Motion other than natural motion
A measure of the strength of gravity at a planets surface
A change in velocity in either speed or direction
Natural motion
The motion of objects toward their natural places
Violent motion
Motion other than natural motion
27 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity and Motion
Acceleration
Acceleration of Gravity
Angular Momentum
Central Force
The rate of change of velocity.
The acceleration of a body--9.8 m/s--caused by the force of g…
The momentum of a body associated with its rotation or revolu…
A force directed at the center of motion of a body.
Acceleration
The rate of change of velocity.
Acceleration of Gravity
The acceleration of a body--9.8 m/s--caused by the force of g…
20 terms
Chapter 5, Part 1 Gravity
Perpendicular.
Tangential.
Geocentric.
Weight.
Tangential velocity is a sideways velocity ____ to the pull o…
The force that keeps the moon from crashing into the earth is…
The earth-centered theory developed thousands of years ago by…
Force of gravity active on an object.
Perpendicular.
Tangential velocity is a sideways velocity ____ to the pull o…
Tangential.
The force that keeps the moon from crashing into the earth is…
24 terms
Chapter 5 terms gravity&velocity
motion
reference point
speed
velocity
when an object changes position over time relative to a refer…
object that appears to stay in place
the distance traveled by an object divided by the time taken…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
motion
when an object changes position over time relative to a refer…
reference point
object that appears to stay in place
34 terms
Chapter 5, Part 2 Gravity
First.
Too Fast.
Aphelion.
Solar.
Kepler's _____ Law of Planetary Motion states that all planet…
If a satellite's speed is _____ it will escape Earth's gravity.
A planet's farthest position from the sun.
A _____ eclipse occurs during a new moon when the moon comes…
First.
Kepler's _____ Law of Planetary Motion states that all planet…
Too Fast.
If a satellite's speed is _____ it will escape Earth's gravity.
12 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4: Gravity
Gravity
speed, direction, or both
The reason is that the mass of most ob…
very large
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The force of gravity can change the motion of an object by ch…
Why don't you notice objects moving toward each other?
Since Earth has a large mass, Earth's gravitational force is
Gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
speed, direction, or both
The force of gravity can change the motion of an object by ch…
34 terms
Chapter 5: Gravity and Impact Forces
Gravity (G)
G depends on
G pull at north and south poles
G pull at equator
force drawing two or more objects together
masses of the objects and distance objects are away from each…
32.258/sec
32.088/sec
Gravity (G)
force drawing two or more objects together
G depends on
masses of the objects and distance objects are away from each…
14 terms
CHAPTER 5: GRAVITY & IMPACT FORCES
gravity
falling bodies formula
instantaneous velocity formula
impulse/momentum formula
the force drawing two or more objects together; depends on th…
d=1/2 gt^2
=gt
Ft=m(vi)
gravity
the force drawing two or more objects together; depends on th…
falling bodies formula
d=1/2 gt^2
45 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
18 terms
Chapter 5 - Force, Friction, & Gravity
Mass
Weight
Friction
newton
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
Measure of the gravitational force on an object
...opposes motion between surfaces in contact
Unit of force
Mass
Measure of the amount of matter in an object
Weight
Measure of the gravitational force on an object
36 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
34 terms
Chapter 5&6: Motion, Force, Friction, Gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion s…
A push or pull
Move objects
No
Objects at rest will remain at rest, objects in motion will s…
What are forces?
A push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
Move objects
Chapter 5 - Newton, Einstein, and Gravity
Perigee is
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
A comet near the sun whose orbit is __…
Newtonian physics tells us that Kepler…
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
a person pushing a car along the street
hyperbolic
is a result of the conservation of angular momentum
Perigee is
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
a person pushing a car along the street
45 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
Astronomy Ch 5 Gravity
Kepler's First Law
Kepler's Second Law
Kepler's Third Law
Aristotle
The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one fo…
A line from a planet to the sun sweeps over equal areas in eq…
A planet's orbital period squared is proportional to its aver…
Natural & Violent Motion
Kepler's First Law
The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one fo…
Kepler's Second Law
A line from a planet to the sun sweeps over equal areas in eq…
45 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Motion, forces, friction, gravity
What are forces?
What can unbalanced forces do?
Can balanced forces move objects?
What is Newton's first law of motion (…
a push or pull
move objects
no
Object at rest will remain at rest, moving object will remain…
What are forces?
a push or pull
What can unbalanced forces do?
move objects
11 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
A force of attraction that can change…
The measure of gravitational force on…
The measure of the amount of matter in…
Add or remove matter
gravity
weight
mass
Only way to change mass
A force of attraction that can change…
gravity
The measure of gravitational force on…
weight
Chapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets and Gravity
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
Astronauts orbiting the Earth in the s…
A rock with a mass of 100 kg on Earth…
120 lbs
Mars, Jupiter and Saturn
They, and all things with them, were in free fall
The weight of the rock is dependent on gravity
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
120 lbs
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
Mars, Jupiter and Saturn
14 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
Gravity
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
What is an object that is massive enou…
Who is Newton?
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
Earth
- a British scientist... - made the law known as the law of univ…
Gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
13 terms
Gravity, Weight and Mass Chpt 5 Section 4
gravity
mass
weight
inertia
A force that pulls objects together
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
Tendency of an object to resist change in motion... stay at rest…
gravity
A force that pulls objects together
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
13 terms
Gravity, Weight and Mass Chpt 5 Section 4
gravity
mass
weight
inertia
A force that pulls objects together
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
Tendency of an object to resist change in motion... stay at rest…
gravity
A force that pulls objects together
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
12 terms
Astro- Ch.5 Gravity- Quiz 1/2
natural motion
violent motion
acceleration of gravity
momentum
In Aristotelian physics, the motin of objects toward their na…
In Aristotelian physics, motion other than natural motion.
A measure of the strength of gravity at a planet's surface.
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving; mathemati…
natural motion
In Aristotelian physics, the motin of objects toward their na…
violent motion
In Aristotelian physics, motion other than natural motion.
14 terms
Chapter 5 Section 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction
Gravity
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
What is an object that is massive enou…
Who is Newton?
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
Earth
- a British scientist... - made the law known as the law of univ…
Gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Why don't you notice objects moving to…
The reason is that the mass of most objects is too small to c…
18 terms
Section 5 : Gravity
Gravity
Law of universal gravitation
Universal Gravitational Equation
F
A force that pulls object together.
1. Every object in the universe pulls with a gravitational fo…
The Gravitational force between two objects
Gravity
A force that pulls object together.
Law of universal gravitation
1. Every object in the universe pulls with a gravitational fo…
22 terms
Unit 5 Electrostatics + Gravity Chapter 32 +12
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
perturbation
tangential velocity
a physical quantity varies inversely as another quantity squa…
every object attracts every other object with a force proport…
a secondary influence on a system that causes it to deviate s…
a velocity that acts in a line perpendicular to the radius of…
inverse-square law
a physical quantity varies inversely as another quantity squa…
law of universal gravitation
every object attracts every other object with a force proport…
15 terms
Chapter 1: Gravity
Mass
1 year
Lunar Eclipse
Rays
the amount of matter an object has
the amount of time it takes the Earth to revolve around the sun
the Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon
the path sunlight travels away for the sun
Mass
the amount of matter an object has
1 year
the amount of time it takes the Earth to revolve around the sun
65 terms
Multiplication Facts 1-5 - Gravity
1x0
1x1
1x2
1x3
0
1
2
3
1x0
0
1x1
1
13 terms
Chapter 3 Gravity
Gravity
Weight
Mass
Orbit
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
A body's relative mass of quantity of matter with the pull of…
A measure of how much matter is in an object
The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a…
Gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Weight
A body's relative mass of quantity of matter with the pull of…
14 terms
Chapter 2 Gravity and motion
Force
Gravity
who came up with the law of gravity?
Law of universal gravitation
A push or a pull. Keeps the moon in orbit.
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.... It holds…
Isaac Newton
Every object in the universe attracts every other object.
Force
A push or a pull. Keeps the moon in orbit.
Gravity
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.... It holds…
57 terms
RADT Physics Concepts Chapter 5 Circular Motion, The Planets, and Gravity Test Bank Key
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
After their rocket engines shut off, a…
A rock that weighs 100 lb on Earth is…
120 lbs.
All of the planets show retrograde motion.
and they are accelerating because they are actually in free f…
Nonsense! The rock is more easily lifted on the Moon.
Earth's gravity attracts a person with…
120 lbs.
Which planets exhibit retrograde motio…
All of the planets show retrograde motion.
12 terms
Unit 5 Gravity by Ahmad
Momentum
Descend
Steer
Loop
(n) The force that keeps an object moving or keeps an event d…
(v) To go or come down.
(v) To control the direction of a vehicle.
(n) The curved shape made when something long and thin, such…
Momentum
(n) The force that keeps an object moving or keeps an event d…
Descend
(v) To go or come down.
11 terms
Gen Phys chapter 14 Gravity
ellipse
apogee
escape speed
perigee
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
the minimum speed necessary for an object to escape permanent…
Nearest point to the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
ellipse
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
12 terms
Unit 5 Gravity and Force
mass
high tides
weight
force
amount of matter in an object
places where oceans bulge
measure of gravity and depends on gravitational force where t…
a push or pull
mass
amount of matter in an object
high tides
places where oceans bulge
40 terms
Chapter 1 Seasons and Gravity Test
24 hours.
Earth's rotation on its axis.
one year.
its axis is titled as it moves around…
Earth's rotation takes about ___________.
Day and night are caused by __________.
One complete revolution of Earth around the sun takkes about…
Earth has seasons because ____________.
24 hours.
Earth's rotation takes about ___________.
Earth's rotation on its axis.
Day and night are caused by __________.
23 terms
Lecture 5: Gravity
the legend of the falling apple
the fact of the falling moon
tangential velocity
Newtons Laws of Universal Gravitation
-Newton was not the first to discover gravity... -Newton discove…
-we know that the moon falls around Earth in the sense that i…
ensures a nearly circular motion around and around Earth rath…
-every body in the universe attracts every other body with a…
the legend of the falling apple
-Newton was not the first to discover gravity... -Newton discove…
the fact of the falling moon
-we know that the moon falls around Earth in the sense that i…
10 terms
Science terms for gravity chapter
FORCE
NET FORCE
NEWTON
BALANCED FORCES
A PUSH OR PULL EXERTED ON AN OBJECT.
SUM OF ALL THE FORCES THAT ARE ACTING ON AN OBJECT
23 YEAR OLD STUDENT
OBJECTS THAT ARE EQUAL IN SIZE AND OPPOSITE IN DIRECTION ARE…
FORCE
A PUSH OR PULL EXERTED ON AN OBJECT.
NET FORCE
SUM OF ALL THE FORCES THAT ARE ACTING ON AN OBJECT
14 terms
Aviation English U5: Gravity
roll
pitch
yaw
manoeuvre
the movement of the aircraft about its longitudinal axis
the movement of an aircraft about its lateral axis
the movement of an aircraft about its vertical axis
an action or movement that you need care or skill to do
roll
the movement of the aircraft about its longitudinal axis
pitch
the movement of an aircraft about its lateral axis
8 terms
Chapter 1 Erosion and Gravity
dune
loess
glacier
glaciel drift
a mound of wind-deposited sand that moves as a result of the…
fine-grained, sediments of quartz,feldspar,hornblende,mica,an…
a large mass of ice that exists year round
the rock material carried and deposited by glaciers
dune
a mound of wind-deposited sand that moves as a result of the…
loess
fine-grained, sediments of quartz,feldspar,hornblende,mica,an…
9 terms
Astronomy Chap 5 - Newton, Einstein, Gravity
Newton
3 Laws of Motion
Aristolatian motion
natural motion (Aristotalian)
used mathematics to describe nature
1. inertia - a body at rest will stay at rest...... 2. F = M x A…
things move towards their proper place
air and fire up, and water and earth down
Newton
used mathematics to describe nature
3 Laws of Motion
1. inertia - a body at rest will stay at rest...... 2. F = M x A…
23 terms
Chapter Five: Center of Gravity and Torque
What is center of gravity (COG)?
What is another name for center of gra…
If there is no external force acting o…
True or False: The human body is rigid.
The point in a body or system around which its mass or weight…
Center of mass
No
False
What is center of gravity (COG)?
The point in a body or system around which its mass or weight…
What is another name for center of gra…
Center of mass
39 terms
Science Chapter 6 - Gravity
Who's is Galileo Galilei?
Why do objects fall to the ground at t…
What do acceleration depend on?
Heavier objects experience greater gra…
An Italian scientist that argued that the mass of an object d…
Because the acceleration due to gravity is the same for all o…
Force and Mass
Greater Mass (they have more inertia) - these forces balance…
Who's is Galileo Galilei?
An Italian scientist that argued that the mass of an object d…
Why do objects fall to the ground at t…
Because the acceleration due to gravity is the same for all o…
21 terms
Chapter 10 gravity
Force
Unbalanced forces.
Net Force
Balanced Forces
a push or pull exerted on an object.
a non zero net force that changes an objects motion.
The Overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions.
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object.
Unbalanced forces.
a non zero net force that changes an objects motion.
35 terms
Science Ch 5-7 Momentum, Energy, Gravity
Momentum, Big Idea
Momentum
The more MOMENTUM something has . . .
Impulse
Force acting on an object MULTIPLIED by the TIME that force a…
Momentum = Mass x Velocity (F=mv)
1. The more difficult it is to stop... 2. The larger effect it w…
1. Impulse = force x time... 2. Changes momentum... 3. Longer time…
Momentum, Big Idea
Force acting on an object MULTIPLIED by the TIME that force a…
Momentum
Momentum = Mass x Velocity (F=mv)
9 terms
Chapter 3: Gravity
Center of Gravity
Center of Gravity in Person in Standin…
COG: Person standing with raised arms…
COG: person seated in wheelchair
Balance point of an object
About 6 inches above pubic symphysis
COG moves up and to the left, may be outside body
COG shifts up and forward
Center of Gravity
Balance point of an object
Center of Gravity in Person in Standin…
About 6 inches above pubic symphysis
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