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Study sets matching "gre biology"

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Study sets matching "gre biology"

171 terms
GRE Biology
arthropods
echinoderms
procambium
lenticels, pneumatophores, root hairs
coelomate, exoskeleton made of chitin, bilaterally symmetric,…
(sea stars, sea urchins) water-vascular system, central nerve…
embryonic tissue that builds the stele (cylinder of vascular…
all used for gas exchange commonly in plants whose roots are…
arthropods
coelomate, exoskeleton made of chitin, bilaterally symmetric,…
echinoderms
(sea stars, sea urchins) water-vascular system, central nerve…
348 terms
GRE Biology
Components of amino acids
Examples of secondary protein structures
Type of bonds formed in creating secon…
Covalent bonds that join cysteine mono…
1) Amino group (N-terminus)... 2) Carboxyl group (C-terminus)... 3)…
1) Alpha helix... 2) Beta pleated sheet
Hydrogen bonds
Disulfide bonds
Components of amino acids
1) Amino group (N-terminus)... 2) Carboxyl group (C-terminus)... 3)…
Examples of secondary protein structures
1) Alpha helix... 2) Beta pleated sheet
87 terms
GRE Biology
Actin
Actinomycin D
Action potential
Adhesion plaques
helical protein that forms microfilaments
inhibits RNA polymerase
voltage reversal that rapidly moves along axonal membrane sur…
small areas on the cell surface that anchor the cell to the e…
Actin
helical protein that forms microfilaments
Actinomycin D
inhibits RNA polymerase
Biology GRE
Actin
Actinomycin D
Action potential
Adhesion plaques
helical protein that forms microfilaments
inhibits RNA polymerase
voltage reversal that rapidly moves along axonal membrane sur…
small areas on the cell surface that anchor the cell to the e…
Actin
helical protein that forms microfilaments
Actinomycin D
inhibits RNA polymerase
380 terms
GRE Biology
Components of amino acids
Examples of secondary protein structures
Type of bonds formed in creating secon…
Covalent bonds that join cysteine mono…
1) Amino group (N-terminus)... 2) Carboxyl group (C-terminus)... 3)…
1) Alpha helix... 2) Beta pleated sheet
Hydrogen bonds
Disulfide bonds
Components of amino acids
1) Amino group (N-terminus)... 2) Carboxyl group (C-terminus)... 3)…
Examples of secondary protein structures
1) Alpha helix... 2) Beta pleated sheet
8 terms
Biology GRE
nucleation
Arp2/3
Northern blot
eastern blot
the first step in actin polymerization like G-actin and Arp2/…
actin related protein that helps with the nucleation of G-act…
studies levels of gene expression through detecting levels of…
looks at post translational modifications. Could be detecting…
nucleation
the first step in actin polymerization like G-actin and Arp2/…
Arp2/3
actin related protein that helps with the nucleation of G-act…
77 terms
GRE Biology
proteins
carbohydrates
lipids
nucleic acids
these monomers include: amino acids (C, H, N, O, (S))
these monomers include: simple sugars (C, H, O)
these monomers include: glycerol and fatty acids (C, H, O)
these monomers include nucleotides (C, H, N, O, P)
proteins
these monomers include: amino acids (C, H, N, O, (S))
carbohydrates
these monomers include: simple sugars (C, H, O)
606 terms
Biology GRE Studying
Emergent Properties
Reductionism
System Biology
Negative Feedback
novel properties that arise as life evolves, allowing for the…
reducing life into simpler components to help understand comp…
understanding a system by understanding how each component in…
slows down production (ex: chain produces blocking agent, rea…
Emergent Properties
novel properties that arise as life evolves, allowing for the…
Reductionism
reducing life into simpler components to help understand comp…
15 terms
GRE_biology
microbe
sterile
petri dish
jiggle
微生物
消过毒的;无菌的/不育的
陪替氏培养皿
使上下急动;使左右晃动;抖动;拨动
microbe
微生物
sterile
消过毒的;无菌的/不育的
203 terms
GRE biology Organismal biology
Bolus path
Chyme
Bile
Feces
-chewed up food the moment of swallowing ... -stretch receptors…
-partially digested food passes from stomach to small intesti…
secreted from the liver onto chyme helps break down fats
unaborbed material pushed into the large intestine where rema…
Bolus path
-chewed up food the moment of swallowing ... -stretch receptors…
Chyme
-partially digested food passes from stomach to small intesti…
981 terms
Biology GRE and Orals Improved
Emergent Properties
Reductionism
System Biology
Negative Feedback
novel properties that arise as life evolves, allowing for the…
reducing life into simpler components to help understand comp…
understanding a system by understanding how each component in…
slows down production (ex: chain produces blocking agent, rea…
Emergent Properties
novel properties that arise as life evolves, allowing for the…
Reductionism
reducing life into simpler components to help understand comp…
91 terms
GRE Biology Practice Test
Proteins destined to be secreted move…
Stabilization of the unique coiled str…
A DNA strand with the sequence 5' CGA…
A cell nucleus contains which of the f…
Rough ER, Golgi Transport vesicle, Golgi cisternae, secretory…
Hydrogen bonding between the peptide backbone atoms
5′ CAA TCG 3′
DNA, RNA, and protein
Proteins destined to be secreted move…
Rough ER, Golgi Transport vesicle, Golgi cisternae, secretory…
Stabilization of the unique coiled str…
Hydrogen bonding between the peptide backbone atoms
60 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology for the GRE
Independent assortment
Segregation
Monohybrid Cross
Dihybrid Cross
- states that alleles of one characteristic separate independ…
States that alleles for a trait separate when gametes are for…
A genetic cross for a single trait that has two alleles. Used…
A cross between two traits that each have two alleles. Green…
Independent assortment
- states that alleles of one characteristic separate independ…
Segregation
States that alleles for a trait separate when gametes are for…
51 terms
"GRE Subject Test - Biology"
What are the major elements in proteins?
What are the major elements in nucleic…
What are the major functional categori…
What type of reaction occurs when two…
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous
Enzymes, transport, storage, membranes, movement, signaling (…
Dehydration synthesis; water.
What are the major elements in proteins?
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur
What are the major elements in nucleic…
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous
63 terms
GRE Biology PT1
eukaryotic cilia
eukaryotic flagella
smooth ER
rough ER
short, hair-like structures made of microtubules that enable…
long, thin, whip-like structures, with a core of microtubules…
involved in the synthesis of lipids, including oils, phosphol…
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
eukaryotic cilia
short, hair-like structures made of microtubules that enable…
eukaryotic flagella
long, thin, whip-like structures, with a core of microtubules…
99 terms
GRE-Biology-Chp1
Repeating units that are linked over a…
What is the Monomer of a Protein?
What is the Monomer of a Carbohydrate?
What are the Monomer of Lipids?
Monomers
Amino Acids
Simple Sugars
Glycerol and Fatty Acids
Repeating units that are linked over a…
Monomers
What is the Monomer of a Protein?
Amino Acids
183 terms
Biology GRE: Cellular Structure and Molecular Biology
Allele
Genotype
Phenotype
Homozygous Organisms
The different forms of a gene (for example: eye colors includ…
The types of genes that an organism is composed of
The physical features that an organism is composed of
Have two copies of the SAME allele (AA or aa)
Allele
The different forms of a gene (for example: eye colors includ…
Genotype
The types of genes that an organism is composed of
207 terms
GRE Biology Cellular structure and molecular biology
Transduction
Actin Filaments (mircofilaments)
Diversifying selection
Direction selection
Process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a v…
Exist in cytoplasm... monomer- g-actin ... long filament f actin ... r…
extreme traits over intermediate
One extreme
Transduction
Process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a v…
Actin Filaments (mircofilaments)
Exist in cytoplasm... monomer- g-actin ... long filament f actin ... r…
9 terms
GRE Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology
Mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK)
When yeast produce ethanol from glucos…
Nucleosome
The migration of a protein on an SDS p…
Protein kinases that are specific to the amino acids serine,…
Regenerates NAD+
The beadlike unit of chromatin structure that is composed of…
Log of molecular weight
Mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK)
Protein kinases that are specific to the amino acids serine,…
When yeast produce ethanol from glucos…
Regenerates NAD+
65 terms
GRE Biology Cellular Structure and Fxn, Cellular Metabolic Pathways
What are the 4 main types of biomolecu…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the monomers of lipids?
1) proteins... 2) carbohydrates... 3) lipids... 4) nucleic acids
amino acids (20 naturally occurring)
simple sugars (ex. glucose, fructose)
glycerol and fatty acids
What are the 4 main types of biomolecu…
1) proteins... 2) carbohydrates... 3) lipids... 4) nucleic acids
What are the monomers of proteins?
amino acids (20 naturally occurring)
67 terms
GRE Math
Intergers
Real Number
PEMDAS
Commutative Property
Any counting number including negative numbers
Numbers that appear on the number line including pi, the squa…
1. Parentheses... 2. Exponents... 3. Multiplication/Division... 4. Add…
a + b = b + a... A x B = B x A
Intergers
Any counting number including negative numbers
Real Number
Numbers that appear on the number line including pi, the squa…
40 terms
BIO GREs: Molecular Biology and Molecular Genetics
autosomal dominant
autosomal recessive
x-linked dominant
x-linked recessive
not sex linked... traits do not skip generations
not sex linked... skip generations... only homozygous individulas
all daughters of affected male... daughters or males of affected…
more common in males... all daughters of male who has trait are…
autosomal dominant
not sex linked... traits do not skip generations
autosomal recessive
not sex linked... skip generations... only homozygous individulas
42 terms
Brainiac GRE Vocabulary: N-O
Nadir
Naive
Nascent
Negate
Lowest point
Simple and unsophisticated, unsuspecting, lacking worldly exp…
Coming into existence, still developing
Deny or refute; make void or cause to be ineffective
Nadir
Lowest point
Naive
Simple and unsophisticated, unsuspecting, lacking worldly exp…
30 terms
Brainiac GRE Vocabulary: B
Balk
Balloon
Banal
Bane
Refuse to proceed or to do something
Swell or puff out; increase rapidly
Lacking freshness and originality; cliché
Something that ruins or spoils
Balk
Refuse to proceed or to do something
Balloon
Swell or puff out; increase rapidly
256 terms
Barron's GRE Wordlist I
iconoclastic
ideology
idiom
idiosyncrasy
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attack…
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings…
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarit…
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attack…
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
627 terms
Biology
detection
transmission
perception
5 different types of receptors
ability to respond to stimulus
point of stimulus to brain
information received from brain
chemoreceptor--taste... mechanoreceptor--touch... photoreceptor--ey…
detection
ability to respond to stimulus
transmission
point of stimulus to brain
100 terms
01-Barron's 800 essential words for the GRE (1-100)-1
abate
abdicate
aberrant
abeyance
to decrease; reduce
to give up a position, right, or power
deviating from what is normal
temporary suppression or suspension
abate
to decrease; reduce
abdicate
to give up a position, right, or power
702 terms
GRE-1100
voracious
indiscriminate
eminent
steeped
(adj.) having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively…
(adj) done at random or without careful judgment.... "the .... k…
1. (adj.) distinguished, prominent, famous (Mr. Phillips is s…
to be completely soaked in something
voracious
(adj.) having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively…
indiscriminate
(adj) done at random or without careful judgment.... "the .... k…
80 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
51 terms
Quantitative Skills for AP Biology
hypothesis
independent variable
dependent variable
confounding variable
A plausible and testable explanation for observed phenomena.
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
The variable that responds to manipulations of the independen…
Any extraneous variable that affects the variables being stud…
hypothesis
A plausible and testable explanation for observed phenomena.
independent variable
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
62 terms
Biochemistry GRE
First Law of Thermodynamics
∆E
q
w
∆E = q + w.
Change in energy of a system.
Heat flow in or out of a system.
Work done by a system.
First Law of Thermodynamics
∆E = q + w.
∆E
Change in energy of a system.
100 terms
AP Biology Root Words
a(n)-
ab-
ad-
alb-
not/without
from/away/off
to/toward/near
white/pale
a(n)-
not/without
ab-
from/away/off
11 terms
"Bio-" Root Word List
bio
antibiotic
autobiography
biography
life
a medicine used to save lives because it destroys harmful bac…
a piece of writing written by a person about his or her own l…
a piece of writing about a person's life written by someone e…
bio
life
antibiotic
a medicine used to save lives because it destroys harmful bac…
45 terms
AICE_AS_Biological Molecules_Test_Review
Hydrolysed triglyceride
Hydrolysed multi-peptide molecule
Cellulose
Weak bonds
A fatty acid that is unsaturated
When the bond between the amine of one and the carboxylic of…
Repeating identical subunits that is not readily dissolvable…
Hydrogen
Hydrolysed triglyceride
A fatty acid that is unsaturated
Hydrolysed multi-peptide molecule
When the bond between the amine of one and the carboxylic of…
62 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Anabolic
Archaea
Bacteria
Biology
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Study of life
Anabolic
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
274 terms
Challenging GRE words
ebullient
effaced
effete
effacious
cheerful and full of energy.... "she sounded ________ and happy"…
erase (a mark) from a surface.... "with time, the words are ____…
(of a person) affected, overrefined, and ineffectual.... "______…
(typically of something inanimate or abstract) successful in…
ebullient
cheerful and full of energy.... "she sounded ________ and happy"…
effaced
erase (a mark) from a surface.... "with time, the words are ____…
121 terms
Metabolism GRE biochem
what is metabolism
why does the phosphate anhydride bond…
what are two reduced compounds (abbv)…
metabolic pathways are reversible or i…
turning food into energy and nutrients ... all of the E related…
repulsion of the phosphates on ATP- p are neg charged, like a…
NADH and FADH2
irreversible ... ex: glycolysis and gluconeogenesis are not reve…
what is metabolism
turning food into energy and nutrients ... all of the E related…
why does the phosphate anhydride bond…
repulsion of the phosphates on ATP- p are neg charged, like a…
80 terms
GRE: Ecology, Fauna and Flora
Milieu
Paleontology
Ichthyology
Piscine
environment or surroundings; environs; পারিপার্শ্বিক অবস্থা
study of fossils; জীবাশ্মবিদ্যা
study of fish; মৎস্যবিদ্যা
of or like a fish; মাছের মতো
Milieu
environment or surroundings; environs; পারিপার্শ্বিক অবস্থা
Paleontology
study of fossils; জীবাশ্মবিদ্যা
63 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
28 terms
Campbell, "Biology", 10th Edition, Ch. 1
Evolution
Biology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
The process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
The study of life
All life on Earth and all the places where life exists.
All the living things in a particular area, along with all th…
Evolution
The process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
Biology
The study of life
2,000 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition Glossary
5′ cap
ABC hypothesis
abiotic
abortion
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the 5′ end o…
A model of flower formation identifying three classes of orga…
Nonliving; referring to the physical and chemical properties…
The termination of a pregnancy in progress.
5′ cap
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the 5′ end o…
ABC hypothesis
A model of flower formation identifying three classes of orga…
58 terms
Campbell, "Biology", 10th edition, Ch. 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
Greek Roots
anthropo... anthropology
aster,astro... astronomy
baro... barometer
biblio,bibli... bibiliomaniac
human being
star
pressure
book
anthropo... anthropology
human being
aster,astro... astronomy
star
46 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 5
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
proteins that act as biological catalysts
macromolecules
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
polymer
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together
202 terms
Biochemistry GRE (edits welcome!)
DNA replication follows which model, a…
How many E. Coli Replication forks?
What controls initiation of replicatio…
What controls initiation of replicatio…
Semiconservative, according to Meselson and Stahl. Grew backt…
Two moving in opposite directions, 1000bp/s, from OriC
Duplication of chromosome, cell division, protein synthesis,…
A mitogenic signal from neighbours
DNA replication follows which model, a…
Semiconservative, according to Meselson and Stahl. Grew backt…
How many E. Coli Replication forks?
Two moving in opposite directions, 1000bp/s, from OriC
24 terms
Campbell, "Biology", 10th Edition, Ch. 2-4
Electronegativity
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
Hydrogen Bond
The attraction of a particular atom for the electrons of a co…
An attraction that forms when the electrons are shared equall…
An attraction that forms between atoms with different electro…
The attraction between a hydrogen and an electronegative atom.
Electronegativity
The attraction of a particular atom for the electrons of a co…
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
An attraction that forms when the electrons are shared equall…
22 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 3
polar covalent bonds
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
bonds in which electrons are not shared equally between atoms…
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
the binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bonds
attraction between molecules of different substances
polar covalent bonds
bonds in which electrons are not shared equally between atoms…
polar molecule
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
GRE Vocabulary (Word-Example)
belie (v.)
delineate (v.)
revile (v.)
inured (adj.).... hiatus (n., c.)
His calm exterior belied the militant fervor with which he th…
Explain the concept of governmental regulation; delineate the…
It's easy to puff up your chest and revile and browbeat an op…
Inured to the intense work engendered by the deadlines they n…
belie (v.)
His calm exterior belied the militant fervor with which he th…
delineate (v.)
Explain the concept of governmental regulation; delineate the…
53 terms
Campbell, "Biology", 10th Edition, Ch. 5
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzyme
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
42 terms
Flash cards
Punctilious
Desultory
flippant
incoherent
Showing great attention to detail or correct behavior
Lacking a plan or a purpose
lacking respect or disrespectful
not logical or well organized, not able to talk in an underst…
Punctilious
Showing great attention to detail or correct behavior
Desultory
Lacking a plan or a purpose
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