Study sets matching "gre psychology"

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Study sets matching "gre psychology"

532 terms
GRE Psychology
E.L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
uncovered the concept of classical conditioning - involves te…
founded the school of behaviorism - everything could be expla…
E.L. Thorndike
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
Kurt Lewin
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
872 terms
Psychology GRE
law of effect
John B Watson
B. F. Skinner
Reinforcements (positive and negative)
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
first experiments to prove law of effect; operant conditionin…
Positive=add good; negative=take away something bad... reinforc…
law of effect
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
John B Watson
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
870 terms
Psychology GRE
Law of effect [person + definition]
John B. Watson
B. F. Skinner
Two-factor theory of avoidance [person…
- E.L. Thorndike... - Precursor of operant conditioning... - If a r…
- Founded the school of behaviorism... - Baby Albert experiment…
- First experiments to prove law of effect ... - Operant conditi…
- O.H. Mowrer... - Factor 1: fear is conditioned to environmenta…
Law of effect [person + definition]
- E.L. Thorndike... - Precursor of operant conditioning... - If a r…
John B. Watson
- Founded the school of behaviorism... - Baby Albert experiment…
872 terms
Psychology GRE
law of effect
John B Watson
B. F. Skinner
Reinforcements (positive and negative)
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
first experiments to prove law of effect; operant conditionin…
Positive=add good; negative=take away something bad... reinforc…
law of effect
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
John B Watson
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
338 terms
Psychology GRE
Reactance
Social exchange theory
Social equity theory
Dimensions of personal identity
If someone tries to persuade someone too hard about something…
We weigh the costs and benefits of socializing with someone
We weight the costs and benefits another gets from socializin…
The more salient an identity is in a situation, the more like…
Reactance
If someone tries to persuade someone too hard about something…
Social exchange theory
We weigh the costs and benefits of socializing with someone
532 terms
GRE Psychology
E.L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
uncovered the concept of classical conditioning - involves te…
founded the school of behaviorism - everything could be expla…
E.L. Thorndike
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
Kurt Lewin
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
872 terms
Psychology GRE
law of effect
John B Watson
B. F. Skinner
Reinforcements (positive and negative)
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
first experiments to prove law of effect; operant conditionin…
Positive=add good; negative=take away something bad... reinforc…
law of effect
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
John B Watson
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
838 terms
Psychology GRE
law of effect
John B Watson
B. F. Skinner
two-factor theory of avoidance
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
first experiments to prove law of effect; operant conditionin…
O. H. Mowrer... Explains aversive conditioning/phobias better…
law of effect
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
John B Watson
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
GRE Psychology
Altruism
Catharsis
Circadian
Cognition
self-sacrifice (putting others before oneself)... بشر دوستی
purging or venting strong emotions.... روانپاکسازی
occurring approximately every 24-hours... شبانه روزی
the mental process of knowing something... ادراک
Altruism
self-sacrifice (putting others before oneself)... بشر دوستی
Catharsis
purging or venting strong emotions.... روانپاکسازی
870 terms
Psychology GRE
Law of effect [person + definition]
John B. Watson
B. F. Skinner
Two-factor theory of avoidance [person…
- E.L. Thorndike... - Precursor of operant conditioning... - If a r…
- Founded the school of behaviorism... - Baby Albert experiment…
- First experiments to prove law of effect ... - Operant conditi…
- O.H. Mowrer... - Factor 1: fear is conditioned to environmenta…
Law of effect [person + definition]
- E.L. Thorndike... - Precursor of operant conditioning... - If a r…
John B. Watson
- Founded the school of behaviorism... - Baby Albert experiment…
Psychology GRE
What is believed to be the first study…
How are attitudes expressed?
Consistency Theories
According to the balance theory when i…
Norman Triplett: Competition and performance. People perform…
Opinions composed of cognition, feelings and behavioral predi…
People prefer consistency with their actions and behaviors...…
Imbalance occurs when someone agrees with someone they dislik…
What is believed to be the first study…
Norman Triplett: Competition and performance. People perform…
How are attitudes expressed?
Opinions composed of cognition, feelings and behavioral predi…
91 terms
GRE Psychology - Social Psychology
Norman Triplett
William McDougall ... E. H. Ross
Verplank
5 scientists who helped to establish *…
published the first study of social psychology to investigate…
independently published the first textbooks on social psychol…
suggested that social approval influences behavior. In his st…
Verplank, Pavlov, Thorndike, Hull, and Skinner... theory holds t…
Norman Triplett
published the first study of social psychology to investigate…
William McDougall ... E. H. Ross
independently published the first textbooks on social psychol…
74 terms
GRE Psychology - Social Psychology
Asch's Conformity Study
Attitudes
The Effect of Pressure on Attitude
Attractiveness Stereotype
Experiment that showed that subjects yield to group pressure…
Likes and dislikes composed of: feelings, cognitions and beha…
If a person is pressured to do something contrary to his/her…
A tendency to attribute positive qualities to physically attr…
Asch's Conformity Study
Experiment that showed that subjects yield to group pressure…
Attitudes
Likes and dislikes composed of: feelings, cognitions and beha…
61 terms
GRE Psychology - Social Psychology
Asch's Conformity Study
The Effect of Pressure on Attitude
Attractiveness Stereotype
Bandura's Social Learning Theory
Experiment that showed that subjects yield to group pressure…
If a person is pressured to do something contrary to his/her…
A tendency to attribute positive qualities to physically attr…
Theory asserting that learning occurs by modeling and reinfor…
Asch's Conformity Study
Experiment that showed that subjects yield to group pressure…
The Effect of Pressure on Attitude
If a person is pressured to do something contrary to his/her…
89 terms
Psychology GRE - Social Psychology
Norman Triplett
William McDougall ... E. H. Ross
Verplank
5 scientists who helped to establish *…
published the first study of social psychology to investigate…
independently published the first textbooks on social psychol…
suggested that social approval influences behavior. In his st…
Verplank, Pavlov, Thorndike, Hull, and Skinner... theory holds t…
Norman Triplett
published the first study of social psychology to investigate…
William McDougall ... E. H. Ross
independently published the first textbooks on social psychol…
471 terms
GRE Psychology
Thorndike
Lewin
Pavlov
Watson
created law of effect, first psych book
created association (we associated behavior with reward)
digestion in dogs (classical conditioning)
behaviorism (everything is in a stimulus response chain)
Thorndike
created law of effect, first psych book
Lewin
created association (we associated behavior with reward)
790 terms
GRE Psychology
consistency theories
Fritz Heider's balance theory
Leon Festinger's cognitive dissonance…
free-choice dissonance
People prefer consistency between attitudes and behaviours an…
How three elements are related (Person 1, Person 2, and a thi…
Conflict experienced when attitudes are not in sync with beha…
Person makes a choice between several desirable alternatives.
consistency theories
People prefer consistency between attitudes and behaviours an…
Fritz Heider's balance theory
How three elements are related (Person 1, Person 2, and a thi…
135 terms
Psychology GRE
Norman Triplett
William McDougall
E.H. Ross
Role theory
Did first study of social psychology
Wrote early social psychology textbook
Wrote early social psychology textbook
A person's perceived role affects their behavior
Norman Triplett
Did first study of social psychology
William McDougall
Wrote early social psychology textbook
161 terms
Psychology GRE
CHAPTER 3: LEARNING
Known as a cause-and effect chain of b…
Who created the Law of Effect, and wha…
What was behavioral theory was Kurt Le…
CHAPTER 3: LEARNING
Law of Effect
E.L Thorndike. ... The Law of Effect is known as a cause-and ef…
Theory of Association. ... Associating grouping things together…
CHAPTER 3: LEARNING
CHAPTER 3: LEARNING
Known as a cause-and effect chain of b…
Law of Effect
GRE - Psychology
Learning
E.L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
The relatively permanent or stable change in behavior as the…
The law of effect proposed a cause-and-effect chain of behavi…
The theory of association suggested that organisms associate…
Classical conditioning. Pavlovian conditioning involves teach…
Learning
The relatively permanent or stable change in behavior as the…
E.L. Thorndike
The law of effect proposed a cause-and-effect chain of behavi…
GRE Psychology
E.L. Thorndike
Law of effect
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
any behavior that is followed by pleasant consequences is lik…
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
uncovered the concept of classical conditioning - involves te…
E.L. Thorndike
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
Law of effect
any behavior that is followed by pleasant consequences is lik…
432 terms
Psychology GRE
Ablation
Absolute refractory period
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
The minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory s…
A principle of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It o…
Ablation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
Absolute refractory period
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
Psychology GRE
humanism
important humanists
2 important people who changed the way…
important psychodynamic psychologists
humanists believe in the notion of free will and the idea tha…
abraham maslow and carl rogers
philippe pinel (paris)... dorothea dix (US)
freud (behavior driven by instincts)... carl jung (person's cond…
humanism
humanists believe in the notion of free will and the idea tha…
important humanists
abraham maslow and carl rogers
454 terms
Psychology GRE
Ablation
Absolute refractory period
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
The minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory s…
A principle of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It o…
Ablation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
Absolute refractory period
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
454 terms
Psychology GRE
Ablation
Absolute refractory period
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
The minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory s…
A principle of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It o…
Ablation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
Absolute refractory period
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
226 terms
Psychology GRE
law of effect
John B Watson
B. F. Skinner
two-factor theory of avoidance
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
first experiments to prove law of effect; operant conditionin…
O. H. Mowrer... Explains aversive conditioning/phobias better…
law of effect
Thorndike... precursor of operant conditioning; people react thr…
John B Watson
founded the school of behaviorism; baby Albert experiment (co…
532 terms
GRE Psychology
E.L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
uncovered the concept of classical conditioning - involves te…
founded the school of behaviorism - everything could be expla…
E.L. Thorndike
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
Kurt Lewin
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
86 terms
Psychology GRE
David McClelland
Machiavellianism
The Self
Freud
studied the need for achievement (nAch). Found that people hi…
A personality trait referring to someone who is manipulative…
Carl Jung. An archetype. The point of intersection between th…
Psychoanalysis... -Goal is to make the unconscious conscious... -al…
David McClelland
studied the need for achievement (nAch). Found that people hi…
Machiavellianism
A personality trait referring to someone who is manipulative…
454 terms
Psychology GRE
Ablation
Absolute refractory period
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
The minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory s…
A principle of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It o…
Ablation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
Absolute refractory period
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
86 terms
Psychology GRE
David McClelland
Machiavellianism
The Self
Freud
studied the need for achievement (nAch). Found that people hi…
A personality trait referring to someone who is manipulative…
Carl Jung. An archetype. The point of intersection between th…
Psychoanalysis... -Goal is to make the unconscious conscious... -al…
David McClelland
studied the need for achievement (nAch). Found that people hi…
Machiavellianism
A personality trait referring to someone who is manipulative…
38 terms
GRE Psychology
5 personality traits
tree diagram
equipotentiality
reciprocal innervation
agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness, neu…
structure of a sentence
Karl Lashley; concept that any functional brain part can take…
Rene Descartes; contraction of a muscle results in the simult…
5 personality traits
agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness, neu…
tree diagram
structure of a sentence
429 terms
GRE Psychology
Ablation
Absolute refractory period
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
The minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory s…
A principle of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It o…
Ablation
A surgically induced brain lesion.
Absolute refractory period
The period that follows the onset of an action potential. Dur…
Psychology GRE
Phoneme
Morpheme
Phrase
Syntax
Princeton pg. 34
Princeton pg. 34
Princeton pg. 34, A phrase is a group or words that express a…
Princeton pg. 34
Phoneme
Princeton pg. 34
Morpheme
Princeton pg. 34
532 terms
GRE Psychology
E.L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
uncovered the concept of classical conditioning - involves te…
founded the school of behaviorism - everything could be expla…
E.L. Thorndike
suggested the law of effect - behavior revolving around reinf…
Kurt Lewin
developed the theory of association - grouping things togethe…
133 terms
Psychology GRE
Explain Clark Hull's: Drive Theory
Explain the PreMack Principle
Explain Throndike's Law of Effect
Define a discriminative stimulus (Skin…
Theory believes that physiological disruptions to homeostasis…
Principle states; any preferred response can be a reinforcer
in a given situation, a response followed by a "satisfying" c…
this is a signal which indicates that a particular response w…
Explain Clark Hull's: Drive Theory
Theory believes that physiological disruptions to homeostasis…
Explain the PreMack Principle
Principle states; any preferred response can be a reinforcer
Psychology GRE- Social Psychology
Consistency theories
Fritz Heider's Balance Theory
cognitive dissonance
Free Choice dissonance
people prefer consistency and will resist changing attitudes…
Concerned with 3 elements: person whom we're talking about (P…
Conflict you feel when your attitudes are not in sync with yo…
occurs in a situation where a person makes a choice between s…
Consistency theories
people prefer consistency and will resist changing attitudes…
Fritz Heider's Balance Theory
Concerned with 3 elements: person whom we're talking about (P…
500 terms
GRE Psychology Test
E. L. Thorndike
Kurt Lewin
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
He suggested the law of effect, which was the precursor of op…
Developed the theory of association, which was a forerunner o…
He was the first famous as the winner of a Nobel Prize for wo…
He expanded the ideas of Pavlov and founded the school of beh…
E. L. Thorndike
He suggested the law of effect, which was the precursor of op…
Kurt Lewin
Developed the theory of association, which was a forerunner o…
22 terms
GRE Psychology- Applied Psychology
Industrial Psychology
Human engineering psychology
Organizational psychology
Industrial View Toward Workers
Implies production and product-related
Relates specifically to the work space of the individual
Introduces concerns relating to the nature and effects of an…
Emphasis is placed on production, not morale of workers
Industrial Psychology
Implies production and product-related
Human engineering psychology
Relates specifically to the work space of the individual
Psychology GRE Cognitive Psychology
Structuralism
Reaction Time
Mental Chronometry
Eye movements
Wanted to break down consciousness into elements or specific…
The measurement of the time elapsed between a stimulus presen…
Gaining insight into the organization of cognitive processes…
Measurements used to study reading and language comprehension…
Structuralism
Wanted to break down consciousness into elements or specific…
Reaction Time
The measurement of the time elapsed between a stimulus presen…
63 terms
Psychology GRE- Social Psychology
Three components for the existence of…
Thurstone
Method of summated ratings
Guttman's unidimensional approach
1) Cognitive, 2) Emotional, 3) Behavioral
Developed a scale technique known as equal appearing interval…
Likert, wanted judges to express their own attitudes on a sub…
Sought to measure a range of depth on a given attitude dimens…
Three components for the existence of…
1) Cognitive, 2) Emotional, 3) Behavioral
Thurstone
Developed a scale technique known as equal appearing interval…
42 terms
Psychology GRE
Norman Triplett
William McDougall & E. H. Ross
Verplank
Verplank, Pavlov, Thorndike, Hull, & S…
Published 1st study of Social Psychology.
Each independently published the 1st textbooks on Social Psyc…
(1950's)... Social approval influences behavior.
Established Reinforcement Theory.
Norman Triplett
Published 1st study of Social Psychology.
William McDougall & E. H. Ross
Each independently published the 1st textbooks on Social Psyc…
12 terms
Psychology GRE
Social Psychology
Norman Triplett
William McDougall
E. H. Ross
Concerned with social behavior... -ways people influence each ot…
Published first study of social psychology... -the effect of com…
Psychologist (1908) who published one of the first textbooks…
Sociologist (1908) who published one of the first textbooks i…
Social Psychology
Concerned with social behavior... -ways people influence each ot…
Norman Triplett
Published first study of social psychology... -the effect of com…
154 terms
GRE Psychology
Projective Test
Peripheral Processing
Syntax
Surface Structure
A test for personality in which person responds to ambiguous…
(AKA Peripheral Route to Persuasion)... When someone evaluates a…
Principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural la…
The grammar of a sentence... Mental representation (by speaker)…
Projective Test
A test for personality in which person responds to ambiguous…
Peripheral Processing
(AKA Peripheral Route to Persuasion)... When someone evaluates a…
GRE: Psychology
Aronson and Linder
Asch
Bandura
Bem
Gain-loss principle: changes will have more effect than an ev…
Studied conformity by asking subjects to compare the length o…
Developed social learning theory
Developed self-perception theory as an alternative to cogniti…
Aronson and Linder
Gain-loss principle: changes will have more effect than an ev…
Asch
Studied conformity by asking subjects to compare the length o…
36 terms
Psychology GRE- Clinical Psychology
Psychoanalysis
Ego analysis
Psychodynamic analysis
Adler's approach
Personality is established in first few years of life, free a…
This approach frees the individual from a slavery to id urges…
Goal is insight and self-understanding as the means of initia…
To insight might include replacing inferiority feelings with…
Psychoanalysis
Personality is established in first few years of life, free a…
Ego analysis
This approach frees the individual from a slavery to id urges…
379 terms
Psychology GRE
E.L Thorndike
Pavlov
John Watson
Skinner
Law of Effect: Foundation of Operant Conditioning (cat pull w…
Classical Conditioning;
Behaviorism: Stimulus Response chains (Little Albert); Said i…
Operant Conditioning; Skinner Box
E.L Thorndike
Law of Effect: Foundation of Operant Conditioning (cat pull w…
Pavlov
Classical Conditioning;
74 terms
GRE Psychology
Dopamine
Acetylcholine
GABA
Glutamate
Functions as an inhibitory or excitatory neurotransmitter. Pl…
Excitatory neurotransmitter that enables muscle action, learn…
Major inhibitory neurotransmitter. Mood modulator
Most common neurotransmitter in the CNS. Excitatory. Involved…
Dopamine
Functions as an inhibitory or excitatory neurotransmitter. Pl…
Acetylcholine
Excitatory neurotransmitter that enables muscle action, learn…
Psychology GRE
A-B-A Design
Abnormal psychology
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Experimental design in which the patients first experience th…
The area of psychological investigation concerned with unders…
The minimum amount of physical energy needed to produce a rel…
The process by which the ciliary muscles change the thickness…
A-B-A Design
Experimental design in which the patients first experience th…
Abnormal psychology
The area of psychological investigation concerned with unders…
GRE Psychology
Lifespan Development
Nature vs. Nurture
Nature
Nuture
the study of changes in abilities, thoughts, and behaviours t…
The extent to which heredity and the enviro each influence be…
As a part of the nature vs. nurture debate, people who emphas…
_____ is the half of the nature vs. nurture debate that state…
Lifespan Development
the study of changes in abilities, thoughts, and behaviours t…
Nature vs. Nurture
The extent to which heredity and the enviro each influence be…
30 terms
Psychology GRE
Fritz Heider
Leon Festinger
Festinger and Carlsmith's Study
Daryl Bem
Balance Theory (Triangle Theory)... Also: Attribution theory -…
Cognitive Dissonance... + Social Comparison Theory
People being paid $1 report they liked the activity more than…
Self-Perception Theory - People infer what their own attitude…
Fritz Heider
Balance Theory (Triangle Theory)... Also: Attribution theory -…
Leon Festinger
Cognitive Dissonance... + Social Comparison Theory
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