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Study sets matching "gross anatomy unit 1"

100 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Skeletal Muscle - Communication
Integumentary System Uses for Skeletal…
Muscle Fibers (cell)
Type I Muscle Fibers
- Speech... - Facial Expression... - Writing
- Protection... - Elimination of heat produced by muscular contr…
Muscles are composed of hundreds to hundreds of thousands of…
- Are muscles that are a darker red in color.... - Found in post…
Skeletal Muscle - Communication
- Speech... - Facial Expression... - Writing
Integumentary System Uses for Skeletal…
- Protection... - Elimination of heat produced by muscular contr…
434 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Median or midsagittal Plane
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Transverse or Horizontal Plane
What is a Dermatome?
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Unilateral skin region supplied by a single SPINAL nerve root.
Median or midsagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
159 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
List the functions of skeletal muscle
How much of the total body weight does…
What is myology?
What is the specific function of skele…
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
40-50%
The branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular s…
Production of voluntary movement (contractility)
List the functions of skeletal muscle
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
How much of the total body weight does…
40-50%
219 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Median or midsagittal Plane
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Transverse or Horizontal Plane
What is a Dermatome?
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Unilateral skin region supplied by a single SPINAL nerve root.
Median or midsagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
275 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
What is the Origin of Pectoralis Major?
What is the Insertion of Pectoralis Ma…
What is the Nerve Supply of Pectoralis…
What is the Action of Pectoralis Major?
Clavicular head:... anterior surface of medial half of clavicle…
Lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus (groove) of humerus
lateral and medial pectoral nerves... clavicular head = C5, C6
adducts and medially rotates humerus... draws scapula anteriorly…
What is the Origin of Pectoralis Major?
Clavicular head:... anterior surface of medial half of clavicle…
What is the Insertion of Pectoralis Ma…
Lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus (groove) of humerus
16 terms
Gross Anatomy - Unit 1
trapezius
latissimus dorsi
levator scapulae
rhomboid major
O- medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital…
O- posterior part of the illiac crest, thoracolumbar fascia,…
O- transverse process of C1-C4... I- medial border of the scapul…
O- spinous process of T2-T5... I- medial border of the scapula... I…
trapezius
O- medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital…
latissimus dorsi
O- posterior part of the illiac crest, thoracolumbar fascia,…
426 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
What does Parietal mean?
What does visceral mean?
What nerve causes motor innervation to…
What nerve causes sensory innervation…
Relating to the lining of a cavity/body wall
relating to the covering of an organ (it adheres tightly)
Facial nerve (C.N. VII)
Trigeminal nerve (C.N. V)
What does Parietal mean?
Relating to the lining of a cavity/body wall
What does visceral mean?
relating to the covering of an organ (it adheres tightly)
227 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 - Unit 1
Functions of skeletal muscle
Contractility
Myology
Skeletal muscle comprises how much wei…
production of voluntary movement, stability, communication, c…
the basic property of skeletal muscle which allows an individ…
the branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular s…
40% to 50% of the total body weight.
Functions of skeletal muscle
production of voluntary movement, stability, communication, c…
Contractility
the basic property of skeletal muscle which allows an individ…
43 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Trapezius Innervation
Latissimus dorsi
Levator scapulae
Rhomboid Major and Minor
Spinal accessory nerve
Thoracodorsal nerve
Dorsal scapular nerve (mostly)
Dorsal Scapular nerve
Trapezius Innervation
Spinal accessory nerve
Latissimus dorsi
Thoracodorsal nerve
25 terms
Gross anatomy unit 1
3 anatomy approaches
Body regions
Integumentary system
Superficial vs.deep fascia
Regional, systematic, applied
Trunk, back, lower limb, upper limb, head and neck
Skin- largest organ has epidermis and dermis... Fascia- superfic…
Sup- loose connective, subcutaneous fat, sweat glands, superf…
3 anatomy approaches
Regional, systematic, applied
Body regions
Trunk, back, lower limb, upper limb, head and neck
109 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
anatomical position
Midline
median (midsagittal) section/plane
sagittal section/ plane
body erect, feet together, head, eyes and toes directed forwa…
imaginary line in the front and back surfaces dividing the bo…
cuts through the midline and divide the body into EQUAL right…
divides the body in parallel to a median or midsagittal secti…
anatomical position
body erect, feet together, head, eyes and toes directed forwa…
Midline
imaginary line in the front and back surfaces dividing the bo…
Gross Human Anatomy Unit 1
Trapezius (as a whole)... Proximal attach…
Upper Trapezius function
Middle Trapezius function
Lower Trapezius Function
-Midline from external occipital protuberance along spinous p…
Elevates scapula, rotates glenoid superiorly
Retracts scapula
Depresses scapula
Trapezius (as a whole)... Proximal attach…
-Midline from external occipital protuberance along spinous p…
Upper Trapezius function
Elevates scapula, rotates glenoid superiorly
119 terms
Neuroscience Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Central Sulcus (of Rolando)
Lateral Sulcus (of Sylvius)
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
What is #3?
Central Sulcus (of Rolando)
What is #3?
Lateral Sulcus (of Sylvius)
23 terms
Gross Anatomy unit 1
Frontal bone is composed of what 3 bon…
Ethmoid bone
Lacrimal bone is composed of what 2 bo…
Maxilla bone is composed of what 3 bon…
Supraorbital notch, Orbital surface, and Lacrimal fossa
Lamina Paparacea (paper thin)
Posterior Lacrimal bone and Lacrimal groove
Anterior lacrimal crest, Infraorbital groove, Infraorbital fo…
Frontal bone is composed of what 3 bon…
Supraorbital notch, Orbital surface, and Lacrimal fossa
Ethmoid bone
Lamina Paparacea (paper thin)
100 terms
Gross Anatomy - Unit 1
Differences in Vertebral facets
Permitted motion in vertebral sections
List the vertebral joints
Trapezius origin (medial attachment)
Cervical - flat (Transverse plane)... Thoracic - vertical and po…
Flexion and extension - cervical and lumbar, most flexion in…
Intervertebral Symphyses... Uncovertebral Luschka joints... Zygopop…
EOP, nuchal ligament, Spinous processes C7 to T12 of vertebrae.
Differences in Vertebral facets
Cervical - flat (Transverse plane)... Thoracic - vertical and po…
Permitted motion in vertebral sections
Flexion and extension - cervical and lumbar, most flexion in…
131 terms
Gross Anatomy: Unit 1
True back muscles originate from and i…
Usually, superficial back muscles orig…
From where does the trapezius originate?
Upon where does the trapezius insert?
The bones of the axial skeleton.... They're innervated by dorsal…
Usually originate from the vertebral spinous processes (excep…
From the skull, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes of the 7…
To the lateral 1/3 of the clavicle, the acromion process and…
True back muscles originate from and i…
The bones of the axial skeleton.... They're innervated by dorsal…
Usually, superficial back muscles orig…
Usually originate from the vertebral spinous processes (excep…
113 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
What is the anatomical position?
What is front of the body?
What is another word for anterior?
What is another word for back of the b…
-stand erect... -head and eyes forward... -feet together... -arms at s…
-anterior/ventral
-ventral
-posterior... -dorsal
What is the anatomical position?
-stand erect... -head and eyes forward... -feet together... -arms at s…
What is front of the body?
-anterior/ventral
62 terms
Gross Human Anatomy Unit 1
Trapezius (as a whole)... Proximal attach…
Upper Trapezius function
Middle Trapezius function
Lower Trapezius Function
-Midline from external occipital protuberance along spinous p…
Elevates scapula, rotates glenoid superiorly
Retracts scapula
Depresses scapula
Trapezius (as a whole)... Proximal attach…
-Midline from external occipital protuberance along spinous p…
Upper Trapezius function
Elevates scapula, rotates glenoid superiorly
14 terms
Gross Anatomy Lecture 2 Unit 1
2 Divisions of the skull
Neurocranium ... - Membranous
Neurocranium... - Cartilaginous
Viscerocranium: the mandible forms fro…
- neurocranium= encases brain (2 divisions of this one) ... - vi…
- also can be called desmocranium... - Flat bones of skull vault…
- also can be called chondrocranium ... - Base of skull... - Forms…
Mandible forms by both types of ossification... - endochondral…
2 Divisions of the skull
- neurocranium= encases brain (2 divisions of this one) ... - vi…
Neurocranium ... - Membranous
- also can be called desmocranium... - Flat bones of skull vault…
126 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1 - Back
What artery supplies/lies deep to the…
What artery supplies the trapezius?
What does the dorsal scapular artery s…
What does the thoracodorsal artery sup…
Vertebral artery
Transverse Cervical artery
Levator scapulae, Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor
Latissimus dorsi
What artery supplies/lies deep to the…
Vertebral artery
What artery supplies the trapezius?
Transverse Cervical artery
65 terms
Gross anatomy Unit 1 musculoskeletal system and joints
skeletal system is comprised of...
The Muscular System consists of specia…
muscle fibers are specialized to _____…
Three types of muscle fibers in the body
cartilages, ligaments, muscles and joints
muscle fibers
produce movements or alter the shape of internal organs
Smooth muscle -... Cardiac muscle - ... Skeletal muscle -
skeletal system is comprised of...
cartilages, ligaments, muscles and joints
The Muscular System consists of specia…
muscle fibers
82 terms
Gross Anatomy II - Unit 1 - Pharynx
Pharynx is considered to be part of bo…
The three parts of pharynx
The nasopharynx is posterior to the __…
The oropharynx is posterior to the ___…
T
Nasopharynx... Oropharynx... Laryngopharynx
Nasal
Oral
Pharynx is considered to be part of bo…
T
The three parts of pharynx
Nasopharynx... Oropharynx... Laryngopharynx
114 terms
High-Yield Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Exaggerated over-curvature of thoracic…
Lateral deviation of vertebral column
Major feature of CERVICAL vertebrae
Vertebra at level of illiac crest
Kyphosis
Scoliosis
Transverse foramina
L4
Exaggerated over-curvature of thoracic…
Kyphosis
Lateral deviation of vertebral column
Scoliosis
10 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1 Muscles
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboids (Major and Minor)
Attachments (4): ... 1. Spinous processes of the cervical (indir…
Attachments (4):... 1. Floor of the Bicipital Groove of the Hume…
Attachments (2):... 1. Superior Angle of the Scapula... 2. Transver…
Attachments (2):... 1. Medial border (vertebral border) of the s…
Trapezius
Attachments (4): ... 1. Spinous processes of the cervical (indir…
Latissimus Dorsi
Attachments (4):... 1. Floor of the Bicipital Groove of the Hume…
45 terms
Human Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Deep Posterior Hip Muscles
Piriformis muscle
Piriformis muscle (importance)
Obturator internus muscle
the lateral rotator muscles... *piriformis muscle... *obturator in…
key landmark muscle of the deep posterior hip region... origin-…
important landmark muscle in deep posterior hip region... distin…
origin- internal margins of obturator foramen (muscle origina…
Deep Posterior Hip Muscles
the lateral rotator muscles... *piriformis muscle... *obturator in…
Piriformis muscle
key landmark muscle of the deep posterior hip region... origin-…
25 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Unit 1 Muscle Actions
Trapezius superior
Trapezius middle
Trapezius inferior
Trapezius sup and trapezius inf
Elevation of the scapula
Retraction of the scapula
Depression of the scapula
Upward rotation of the scapula
Trapezius superior
Elevation of the scapula
Trapezius middle
Retraction of the scapula
31 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Unit 1 Muscle Insertions
Rotatores longus
Rotatores brevis
Multifidus
Semispinalis thoracis
SP 2 segments superior
SP 1 segment superior
SPs 2-4 segments superior
SPs 4-6 segments superior
Rotatores longus
SP 2 segments superior
Rotatores brevis
SP 1 segment superior
10 terms
Gross Anatomy unit 1: arteries to muscles
vertebral artery
transverse cervical artery
superficial cervical artery
dorsal scapular artery
brainstem, suboccipital triangle
trapezius
deep trapezius
levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor
vertebral artery
brainstem, suboccipital triangle
transverse cervical artery
trapezius
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves to muscles
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
latissimus dorsi
serratus anterior
levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor
supraspinatus, infraspinatus
thoracodorsal nerve
latissimus dorsi
long thoracic nerve
serratus anterior
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves and lesions
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
difficulty adducting and extending arm
winged scapula
lateral dislocation of scapula
diffuse pain over the scapula
thoracodorsal nerve
difficulty adducting and extending arm
long thoracic nerve
winged scapula
114 terms
High-Yield Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Exaggerated over-curvature of thoracic…
Lateral deviation of vertebral column
Major feature of CERVICAL vertebrae
Vertebra at level of illiac crest
Kyphosis
Scoliosis
Transverse foramina
L4
Exaggerated over-curvature of thoracic…
Kyphosis
Lateral deviation of vertebral column
Scoliosis
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves and nerve levels
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
C6, C7, C8
C5, C6, C7
C4, C5
C4, C5, C6
thoracodorsal nerve
C6, C7, C8
long thoracic nerve
C5, C6, C7
17 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 muscles to nerves/arteries
latissimus dorsi
trapezius
serratus anterior
levator scapulae
thoracodorsal nerve (C6, C7, C8)... --subscapular artery, thorac…
spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) (C3, C4)... --transverse cervical…
long thoracic nerve (C5, C6, C7)
dorsal scapular nerve (C4, C5)... --dorsal scapular artery
latissimus dorsi
thoracodorsal nerve (C6, C7, C8)... --subscapular artery, thorac…
trapezius
spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) (C3, C4)... --transverse cervical…
41 terms
Unit 1: Gross Anatomy & Body Regions
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
region between thorax and pelvis (abs)
point of the shoulder
forearm
front of the elbow
Abdominal
region between thorax and pelvis (abs)
Acromial
point of the shoulder
104 terms
Unit 1 Gross Anatomy Muscle Cards
Platysma Origin
Platysma Insertion
Platysma Innervation
Platysma Action
The inferior border of the body of the mandible, the skin and…
Superficial fascia over the pectoralis major and deltoid musc…
Cervical Branch of the Facial Nerve (CN VII)
Draw the angle of the mouth and lower lip inferiorly and late…
Platysma Origin
The inferior border of the body of the mandible, the skin and…
Platysma Insertion
Superficial fascia over the pectoralis major and deltoid musc…
8 terms
Gross Anatomy I Unit 1 vertebral column
Functions of the vertebral column
Movements of vertebral column
Curvatures of vertebral column
Kyphoses
- protect spinal cord and spinal nerves... - Support body weight…
- flexion ... - extension... - lateral flexion... - lateral extension…
- four curvatures in the adult... - Occur in cervical, thoracic,…
Thoracic and sacral curvature concave anteriorly
Functions of the vertebral column
- protect spinal cord and spinal nerves... - Support body weight…
Movements of vertebral column
- flexion ... - extension... - lateral flexion... - lateral extension…
49 terms
Gross anatomy unit 1 Skeletal muscle e-lecture
role of skeletal muscle
functions of skeletal muscle
Skeletal muscle makes up _________ per…
chracteristics of skeletal muscle
highly specialized to generate force via contraction
1) motion due to contraction and relaxation of muscles.... motio…
40-50
excitable- can generate electrical impulse and generate signa…
role of skeletal muscle
highly specialized to generate force via contraction
functions of skeletal muscle
1) motion due to contraction and relaxation of muscles.... motio…
363 terms
Gross Anatomy DDS1unit1
changes in intervertebral disc density…
intervertebral foramina
"bony landmarks" on pelvis
purpose of body wall
body height ... -changes due to aging include disc height, verte…
formed from stacked vertebral notches, allow for passage of t…
iliac crest, anterior superior iliac spine, pubis tubercle, p…
enclose body cavities, protects the internal organs
changes in intervertebral disc density…
body height ... -changes due to aging include disc height, verte…
intervertebral foramina
formed from stacked vertebral notches, allow for passage of t…
37 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1: Head and Neck
Facial Nerve (VII)
Trigeminal Nerve (V)
the trigeminal nerve divides into 3 ma…
ophthalmic nerve
motor innervation to the muscles of facial expression
sensory innervation to the face
ophthalmic nerve, maxillary nerve, mandibular nerve
face and scalp
Facial Nerve (VII)
motor innervation to the muscles of facial expression
Trigeminal Nerve (V)
sensory innervation to the face
34 terms
Gross Anatomy Lecture 2 Unit 1 osteology of skull
2 Divisions of the skull
Neurocranium ... - Membranous
Neurocranium... - Cartilaginous
Viscerocranium: the mandible forms fro…
- neurocranium= encases brain (2 divisions of this one) ... - vi…
- also can be called desmocranium... - Flat bones of skull vault…
- also can be called chondrocranium ... - Base of skull... - Forms…
Mandible forms by both types of ossification... - endochondral…
2 Divisions of the skull
- neurocranium= encases brain (2 divisions of this one) ... - vi…
Neurocranium ... - Membranous
- also can be called desmocranium... - Flat bones of skull vault…
13 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1 Clinical deficits
disk herniation
spine fusion effects
stenosis
vertebral compression fractures
nucleus purposes of intervertebral disk branches out of annul…
fusing 2 vertebrae together results in increased stress on ad…
narrowing of the neural canal or intervertebral foramen cause…
most common non traumatic stress fracture, usually at T7, "Do…
disk herniation
nucleus purposes of intervertebral disk branches out of annul…
spine fusion effects
fusing 2 vertebrae together results in increased stress on ad…
10 terms
Gross Anatomy unit 1: arteries to muscles
vertebral artery
transverse cervical artery
superficial cervical artery
dorsal scapular artery
brainstem, suboccipital triangle
trapezius
deep trapezius
levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor
vertebral artery
brainstem, suboccipital triangle
transverse cervical artery
trapezius
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves to muscles
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
latissimus dorsi
serratus anterior
levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor
supraspinatus, infraspinatus
thoracodorsal nerve
latissimus dorsi
long thoracic nerve
serratus anterior
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves and lesions
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
difficulty adducting and extending arm
winged scapula
lateral dislocation of scapula
diffuse pain over the scapula
thoracodorsal nerve
difficulty adducting and extending arm
long thoracic nerve
winged scapula
194 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
17 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 muscles to nerves/arteries
latissimus dorsi
trapezius
serratus anterior
levator scapulae
thoracodorsal nerve (C6, C7, C8)... --subscapular artery, thorac…
spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) (C3, C4)... --transverse cervical…
long thoracic nerve (C5, C6, C7)
dorsal scapular nerve (C4, C5)... --dorsal scapular artery
latissimus dorsi
thoracodorsal nerve (C6, C7, C8)... --subscapular artery, thorac…
trapezius
spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) (C3, C4)... --transverse cervical…
9 terms
Gross Anatomy: unit 1 nerves and nerve levels
thoracodorsal nerve
long thoracic nerve
dorsal scapular nerve
suprascapular nerve
C6, C7, C8
C5, C6, C7
C4, C5
C4, C5, C6
thoracodorsal nerve
C6, C7, C8
long thoracic nerve
C5, C6, C7
59 terms
Gross Anatomy II - Unit 1 Head & neck - Nerves of the neck
The glossopharyngeal nerve emerges fro…
A branch of glossopharyngeal nerve whi…
The branch to of the carotid sinus of…
The pharyngeal branch of the glossopha…
M.O.
Tympanic nerve
Carotid sinus ... Carotid body
Pharyngeal plexus
The glossopharyngeal nerve emerges fro…
M.O.
A branch of glossopharyngeal nerve whi…
Tympanic nerve
116 terms
Unit 3: Gross Anatomy
gross anatomy
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cranial vault
can be seen without a microscope
skull, hyoid, vertebral column
limbs, girdles
composed of 8 bones that enclose and protect the brain
gross anatomy
can be seen without a microscope
axial skeleton
skull, hyoid, vertebral column
9 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit I
trapezius
latissimus dorsi
rhomboideus major
rhombodieus minor
Origin: medial third of superior nucal line, external occipit…
Origin: T7-L5 spinous processes, thoracolumbar fascia, dorsal…
Origin: T2-T5 spinous processes... Insertion: medial border of s…
Origin: C7-T1 spinous processes... Insertion: medial border of s…
trapezius
Origin: medial third of superior nucal line, external occipit…
latissimus dorsi
Origin: T7-L5 spinous processes, thoracolumbar fascia, dorsal…
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