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Study sets matching "gross anatomy 1"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy 1"

53 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 3rd lecture
Serratus Posterior Superior ident.
Serratus Poserior Inferior ident.
Intermediate Extrinsic Back Muscles
Serratus Posterior Muscles ACTION
Serratus Posterior Superior and Serratus Posterior Inferior
superficial respiratory mm., but most likely are proprioceptive
Serratus Posterior Superior ident.
Serratus Poserior Inferior ident.
100 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Lecture
Regional Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Median (midsagittal)
sagittal (parasagittal)
study of anatomical structure within a given region of the body
-subject erect... -head, eyes, and toes forward... -arms by the sid…
equal halves down the center of the body
non equal halves down the long side of the body
Regional Anatomy
study of anatomical structure within a given region of the body
Anatomical Position
-subject erect... -head, eyes, and toes forward... -arms by the sid…
8 terms
Gross Anatomy Ch 1
osteomalacia
osteopenia
osteopetrosis
osteoporosis
gradual softening of the bone due to failure of the bone to c…
decreased calcification of bone or reduced bone mass due to a…
abnormally dense bone, obliterating the marrow cavity, due to…
an age-related disorder characterized by decreased bone mass…
osteomalacia
gradual softening of the bone due to failure of the bone to c…
osteopenia
decreased calcification of bone or reduced bone mass due to a…
181 terms
Gross Anatomy - Exam #1
The vertebral column is composed of __…
What are the functions of the vertebra…
What are the two primary spinal curves…
What does a vertebra consist of (struc…
33 (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacrum, 4 coccyx)
1. protection... 2. base for attachment... 3. structural support... 4.…
Primary -... 1. thoracic... 2. sacral... Secondary - ... 1. cervical... 2.…
1. body... 2. pedicle (2)... 3. laminae (2)... 4. seven processes (spi…
The vertebral column is composed of __…
33 (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacrum, 4 coccyx)
What are the functions of the vertebra…
1. protection... 2. base for attachment... 3. structural support... 4.…
45 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Final NYCC
meningeal nerve
dorsal ramus
Medial branch
lateral branch
innervates the mininges, the vessels associated with the meni…
provides motor innervation to epaxial muscles... passes dorsall…
This branch of the Dorsal ramus from T6 up are cutaneous as w…
This branch of the dorsal ramus from T7 down are cutaneous as…
meningeal nerve
innervates the mininges, the vessels associated with the meni…
dorsal ramus
provides motor innervation to epaxial muscles... passes dorsall…
66 terms
Module 1: Gross Anatomy
Systems in our body
Prone
Supine
Dental position
Regulatory... Integument... Musculoskeletal... Cardiovascular... Respirat…
Backside up (Dorsal or posterior)... Abdomen down (Ventral or an…
Backside down... Abdomen up
Semisupine is half back
Systems in our body
Regulatory... Integument... Musculoskeletal... Cardiovascular... Respirat…
Prone
Backside up (Dorsal or posterior)... Abdomen down (Ventral or an…
45 terms
Gross Anatomy - Osteology (1)
functions of the skeletal system
classification of bones
types of topographical bones
axial bones
- support ... - locomotion... - protection... - mineral homeostasis ... -…
- topographical... - developmental ... - shape
- appendicular ... - axial... - splanchnic
- head... - vertebral column... - sternum... - ribs... - hyoid apparatus
functions of the skeletal system
- support ... - locomotion... - protection... - mineral homeostasis ... -…
classification of bones
- topographical... - developmental ... - shape
336 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 - Thorax
Pectoralis major origin
Pectoralis major insertion
Pectoralis major innervation
Pectoralis major action
Sternal half of clavicle, sternum to 7th rib, cartilages of t…
Humerus
Pectoral nerves (medial and lateral)
Moves arm (flexes and adducts arm, rotates arm medially)
Pectoralis major origin
Sternal half of clavicle, sternum to 7th rib, cartilages of t…
Pectoralis major insertion
Humerus
59 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 terms
Caudal
Rostral
Dorsum
ipsilateral
towards the feet or tail region (coccyx)
used in place of anterior when describing parts of the brain
superior aspect of any part that protrudes anteriorly from th…
occurs on the same side of the body as something else
Caudal
towards the feet or tail region (coccyx)
Rostral
used in place of anterior when describing parts of the brain
133 terms
Gross Anatomy 1- Forearm
what is the first rule about the forearm
which forearm bone is lateral
which forearm bone is medial
what does the radius articulate with d…
2 bones (radius lateral, ulna medial)
radius
ulna
scaphoid and lunate
what is the first rule about the forearm
2 bones (radius lateral, ulna medial)
which forearm bone is lateral
radius
756 terms
Gross Anatomy II Exam 1
What nerve's branches control motor in…
What nerve, when compressed, will lead…
What nerve's branches control sensory…
What are the 3 major branches of the t…
facial nerve (C.N. VII)
facial nerve (C.N. VII)
trigeminal nerve (C.N. V)
ophthalmic (V1), maxillary (V2), and mandibular (V3)
What nerve's branches control motor in…
facial nerve (C.N. VII)
What nerve, when compressed, will lead…
facial nerve (C.N. VII)
168 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Myology
The specific function of skeletal muscle
Functions of skeletal muscle ______, s…
Skeletal muscle depends on the _______…
Branch of anatomy that deals with skeletal muscle
movement and contractility
movement, opening & closing passageways, Heat
musculoskeletal system
Myology
Branch of anatomy that deals with skeletal muscle
The specific function of skeletal muscle
movement and contractility
159 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
List the functions of skeletal muscle
How much of the total body weight does…
What is myology?
What is the specific function of skele…
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
40-50%
The branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular s…
Production of voluntary movement (contractility)
List the functions of skeletal muscle
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
How much of the total body weight does…
40-50%
61 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 (skeletal)
Coronal suture
Lambdoidal suture
Squamous suture
Sagittal suture
Between the frontal and parietal bones
Between parietal and occipital bones
Between parietal and temporal bones
Down the middle of the parietal bone
Coronal suture
Between the frontal and parietal bones
Lambdoidal suture
Between parietal and occipital bones
25 terms
Gross Anatomy Terms 1
Superior
Medial
Cranial
Anterior
Towards the head (humans)
Towards the midline
Towards the head ... (Animals)
Towards the front of the body... (Humans)
Superior
Towards the head (humans)
Medial
Towards the midline
68 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 lower limb
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Iliopsoas
Gluteus Maximus
Origin: vertebrae T12-L4... Insertion: Lesser trochanter... Action:…
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
psoas and iliacus muscles combine to from this muscle as it e…
Origin: Posterior iliac crest and sacrum... Insertion gluteal tu…
Psoas Major
Origin: vertebrae T12-L4... Insertion: Lesser trochanter... Action:…
Iliacus
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
153 terms
Gross Anatomy Block 1
What is the function of the skeleton?
How are bones classified?
How are bones classified by shape?
How do bones develop?
Locomotion... Posture/Support... Protection... Mineral homeostasis... Hae…
1. Topographical ... a. Axial... b.Appendicular... c.Splanchnic ... 2.…
1. Long bones... 2. Short bones... 3. Flat bones... 4. Irregular bones…
Long bones, specifically, have three growth plates or ossific…
What is the function of the skeleton?
Locomotion... Posture/Support... Protection... Mineral homeostasis... Hae…
How are bones classified?
1. Topographical ... a. Axial... b.Appendicular... c.Splanchnic ... 2.…
13 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 (Integumentary)
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Apocrine sweat glands
(Surface)... -stratum cornuem... -stratum lucidum... -stratum granulos…
-Papillary layer: areolar tissue that supports & nourishes th…
(Subcutaneous layer) consists of areolar tissue and many adip…
Use merocrine secretion and secrete their products into hair…
Epidermis
(Surface)... -stratum cornuem... -stratum lucidum... -stratum granulos…
Dermis
-Papillary layer: areolar tissue that supports & nourishes th…
122 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Midterm
Gross Anatomy
Histology
Embryology
Morphology
Anatomy at the macroscopic level.
Microscopic anatomy; cellular and tissue level.
Developmental anatomy, prenatal.
The study of shape, includes physical anthropology.
Gross Anatomy
Anatomy at the macroscopic level.
Histology
Microscopic anatomy; cellular and tissue level.
275 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
What is the Origin of Pectoralis Major?
What is the Insertion of Pectoralis Ma…
What is the Nerve Supply of Pectoralis…
What is the Action of Pectoralis Major?
Clavicular head:... anterior surface of medial half of clavicle…
Lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus (groove) of humerus
lateral and medial pectoral nerves... clavicular head = C5, C6
adducts and medially rotates humerus... draws scapula anteriorly…
What is the Origin of Pectoralis Major?
Clavicular head:... anterior surface of medial half of clavicle…
What is the Insertion of Pectoralis Ma…
Lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus (groove) of humerus
14 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Leg Palpation
Tibialis Anterior belly, tendon
Extensor Hallucis Longus tendon
Extensor Digitorum Longus belly tendon
Peroneus Tertius tendon
Origin: superior lateral tibia... Insertion: medial cuneiform an…
Origin: interosseous membrane of tibia and fibula... Insertion:…
Origin: superior medial fibula ... Insertion: distal phalanges o…
Origin: distal anterior fibula... Insertion: base of metatarsal…
Tibialis Anterior belly, tendon
Origin: superior lateral tibia... Insertion: medial cuneiform an…
Extensor Hallucis Longus tendon
Origin: interosseous membrane of tibia and fibula... Insertion:…
434 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Median or midsagittal Plane
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Transverse or Horizontal Plane
What is a Dermatome?
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Unilateral skin region supplied by a single SPINAL nerve root.
Median or midsagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
116 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Levator Scapulae innervation
Rhomboid Minor innervation
Rhomboid Major innervation
Splenius Cervicis innervation
C3, C4, and C5
C4, C5
C4, C5
C4-C8
Levator Scapulae innervation
C3, C4, and C5
Rhomboid Minor innervation
C4, C5
45 terms
B1-Gross Anatomy
What are the three groups of muscles i…
Into what do the superficial muscles i…
Into what do the intermediate muscles…
What is the primary function of deep m…
1. Superficial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Deep
Bones of the upper extremity.
The ribs.
Movement of head and vertebral column.
What are the three groups of muscles i…
1. Superficial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Deep
Into what do the superficial muscles i…
Bones of the upper extremity.
75 terms
Gross Anatomy - Ch 1
arthrology
myology
angiology
digestive system
articular system / joints
muscular system
cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
alimentary system
arthrology
articular system / joints
myology
muscular system
65 terms
Gross Anatomy Midterm 1
Gross Anatomy
Comparative Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Median Plane
Anatomy at the macroscopic level, visible to the naked eye
the study of anatomical homologies annd differences in differ…
Person stands erect with feet together and arms ar rhe side.…
Runs Anterior to posterior, divides body into equal halves
Gross Anatomy
Anatomy at the macroscopic level, visible to the naked eye
Comparative Anatomy
the study of anatomical homologies annd differences in differ…
Gross Anatomy Part 1
Myology
Contractility
Functions
Movement
• The branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular…
The basic property of muscle which allows an individual to pr…
Also known as the ________ of Skeletal Muscle, these include:…
Enabling locomotion, respiration and digestion are included i…
Myology
• The branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular…
Contractility
The basic property of muscle which allows an individual to pr…
36 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Three types of joints
Fibrous joints
Three examples of fibrous joints
suture
Fibrous... synovial ... cartilaginous
connective tissue binds 2 bones together... very little movement…
suture... syndesmoses... gomphosis
fibrous joint between skull bones
Three types of joints
Fibrous... synovial ... cartilaginous
Fibrous joints
connective tissue binds 2 bones together... very little movement…
219 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Median or midsagittal Plane
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Transverse or Horizontal Plane
What is a Dermatome?
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Unilateral skin region supplied by a single SPINAL nerve root.
Median or midsagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right portions.
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Gross Anatomy 1: Hand Muscles
ABductor Pollicis Brevis
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Opponens Pollicis
ADductor Pollicis
O- Flexor Retinaculum... I- Proximal Phalanx of the thumb... N- Med…
O- Flexor retinaculum... I- Proximal Phalanx of the thumb... N- Med…
O- Flexor retinaculum ... I- metacarpal 1... N- Median nerve... A- Opp…
O- (Oblique head) metacarpal 2, 3, and base of the thumb... (Tr…
ABductor Pollicis Brevis
O- Flexor Retinaculum... I- Proximal Phalanx of the thumb... N- Med…
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
O- Flexor retinaculum... I- Proximal Phalanx of the thumb... N- Med…
182 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Distal
Proximal
Superficial
Deep
away from midline
closer to midline
Close to skin
Internal
Distal
away from midline
Proximal
closer to midline
268 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Force couple
External carotid branches
Subclavian 1st branch
Subclavian 2nd branch
When opposite but parallel pull on a joint to produce the act…
(inferior to superior)... -superior thyroid... -ascending pharyngea…
before anterior scalenes crosses artery
covered by anterior scalenes
Force couple
When opposite but parallel pull on a joint to produce the act…
External carotid branches
(inferior to superior)... -superior thyroid... -ascending pharyngea…
65 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Median/Sagittal Plane
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Transverse/Horizontal
Flexion
plane that divides the body into left and right halves
plane that divides the body into front and back halves
plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves
movement in which the angle b/w bones decreases
Median/Sagittal Plane
plane that divides the body into left and right halves
Frontal/Coronal Plane
plane that divides the body into front and back halves
134 terms
Gross Anatomy Midterm 1
gross anatomy
histology
embryology
morphology
anatomy at the macroscopic level
microscopic anatomy, cellular and tissue level
developmental anatomy
the study of shape
gross anatomy
anatomy at the macroscopic level
histology
microscopic anatomy, cellular and tissue level
290 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Posterior Median Furrow
Intergluteal cleft
nuchal groove
vertebral prominens
when the back is not being flexed or the scapulae are not ret…
inferior continuation of posterior median furrow; created by…
superior continuation of median furrow in the neck, overlies…
visible at the base of the neck, inferior to nuchal groove. I…
Posterior Median Furrow
when the back is not being flexed or the scapulae are not ret…
Intergluteal cleft
inferior continuation of posterior median furrow; created by…
251 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
External carotid branches
Subclavian 1st branch
Subclavian 2nd branch
Subclavian 3rd branch
(inferior to superior)... -superior thyroid... -ascending pharyngea…
before anterior scalenes crosses artery, gives off vertebral…
covered by anterior scalenes
after anterior scalenes crosses artery
External carotid branches
(inferior to superior)... -superior thyroid... -ascending pharyngea…
Subclavian 1st branch
before anterior scalenes crosses artery, gives off vertebral…
16 terms
Gross Anatomy - Unit 1
trapezius
latissimus dorsi
levator scapulae
rhomboid major
O- medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital…
O- posterior part of the illiac crest, thoracolumbar fascia,…
O- transverse process of C1-C4... I- medial border of the scapul…
O- spinous process of T2-T5... I- medial border of the scapula... I…
trapezius
O- medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital…
latissimus dorsi
O- posterior part of the illiac crest, thoracolumbar fascia,…
80 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae
Lumbar Vertebrae
Sacrum
-7 most superior verebrae... -Attach to base of skull... -Labeled C…
-12 vertebrae inferior to cervical and superior to lumbar... -La…
-5 vertebrae inferior to thoracic and superior to sacrum... -Lab…
-Composed of 5 fused sacral vertebrae i-v.... -Inferior to Lumba…
Cervical Vertebrae
-7 most superior verebrae... -Attach to base of skull... -Labeled C…
Thoracic Vertebrae
-12 vertebrae inferior to cervical and superior to lumbar... -La…
162 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
Sarcoplasm
Fiber, Fiber
red(dark) / white(light)
skeletal muscle fiber composition
Comprises the undifferentiated cytoplasm between the myofibri…
The amount of sarcoplasm will vary from ________ to ________
The designation of muscles being ________ or _________ is bas…
The evident difference between individuals who seem more suit…
Sarcoplasm
Comprises the undifferentiated cytoplasm between the myofibri…
Fiber, Fiber
The amount of sarcoplasm will vary from ________ to ________
53 terms
Gross Anatomy Chapter 1
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse (axial/horizontal) Plane
Axial Skeleton
oriented vertically and divide the body into anterior and pos…
divide the body into right and left parts.
divide the body into superior and inferior parts.
bones of the skull (cranium), vertebral column, ribs, and ste…
Coronal Plane
oriented vertically and divide the body into anterior and pos…
Sagittal Plane
divide the body into right and left parts.
196 terms
Gross Anatomy I Practical 1
What is the origin of the trapezius?
What is the insertion of the trapezius?
What is the action of the trapezius?
What is the nerve supply to the trapez…
external occiptal protuberance
clavicle
stabilizes the scapula
spinal accessory nerve
What is the origin of the trapezius?
external occiptal protuberance
What is the insertion of the trapezius?
clavicle
96 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Distal
Proximal
Superficial
Deep
away from midline
closer to midline
Close to skin
Internal
Distal
away from midline
Proximal
closer to midline
50 terms
Gross Anatomy Lab 1
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Action
Trapezius Nerve Supply
Origin: occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous pr…
Upper: lateral third of clavicle ... Middle: spine of scapula... Lo…
Upper: elevation of scapula, upward rotation of scapula... Middl…
Cranial Nerve 11
Trapezius Origin
Origin: occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous pr…
Trapezius Insertion
Upper: lateral third of clavicle ... Middle: spine of scapula... Lo…
25 terms
Gross Anatomy Lab 1
Trapezius
Rhomboid Minor
Rhomboid Major
Levator Scapulae
O: occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous process…
O: spinous processes C7-T1... I: root of spine of scapula... A: ret…
O: spinous processes of T2-T5... I: vertebral border of scapula…
O: transverse processes of C1- C4... I: vertebral border of scap…
Trapezius
O: occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous process…
Rhomboid Minor
O: spinous processes C7-T1... I: root of spine of scapula... A: ret…
27 terms
Set 1 Gross Anatomy
Describe anatomical position
Which plane divides the body into ante…
Which plane runs parallel to median pl…
Which plane divides the body into supe…
In the anatomical position, the body is upright, directly fac…
Coronal
Sagittal
Transverse
Describe anatomical position
In the anatomical position, the body is upright, directly fac…
Which plane divides the body into ante…
Coronal
49 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
What supports and stabilizes glenohume…
Where is greatest risk of dislocation…
What does subacromial bursa cushion?
What does subscapular bursa cushion?
1. rotator cuff muscles (Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres…
Inferior
[Glenohumeral joint]... - cushions supraspinatus muscle from acr…
[Glenohumeral joint]... -cushions subscapularis muscle from neck…
What supports and stabilizes glenohume…
1. rotator cuff muscles (Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres…
Where is greatest risk of dislocation…
Inferior
Gross Anatomy 1 - Neck Muscles
Platysma
Sternocleidomastoid
Mylohyoid
Geniohyoid
O- Pectoral Fascia... I- Skin and Superficial fascia of lower fa…
O- Sternum, clavicle... I- Mastoid Process of the temporal Bone…
O- Mylohyoid line of the mandible... I- Hyoid Bone, Median Raphe…
O- Mental spine of Mandible... I- Hyoid bone... N- C1 ventral rami…
Platysma
O- Pectoral Fascia... I- Skin and Superficial fascia of lower fa…
Sternocleidomastoid
O- Sternum, clavicle... I- Mastoid Process of the temporal Bone…
53 terms
Gross Anatomy Lab 1
trapezius origin
trapezius insertion
trapezius action
trapezius nerve supply
occipital protuberance; ligamentum nuchae; spinous processes…
upper: lateral third of clavicle; middle: spine of scapula; l…
upper: elevation of scapula, upward rotation of scapula; midd…
spinal accessory nerve/ cranial nerve XI
trapezius origin
occipital protuberance; ligamentum nuchae; spinous processes…
trapezius insertion
upper: lateral third of clavicle; middle: spine of scapula; l…
53 terms
Lab 1 : Gross anatomy
Trapezius (Origin)
Trapezius (Insertion) Upper
Trapezius (Insertion ) Middle
Trapezius (Insertion ) Lower
Occipital Protuberance , Ligamentum Nuchae, Spinous processes…
Lateral Third of Clavicle
Spine of Scapula
Root of Spine of Scapula
Trapezius (Origin)
Occipital Protuberance , Ligamentum Nuchae, Spinous processes…
Trapezius (Insertion) Upper
Lateral Third of Clavicle
180 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Terminology 2016
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Caudal
Nearer to topmost part of cranium (skull)
Nearer to the sole of the foot
Toward the head or cranium
Towards the feet or tail region (coocyx)
Superior
Nearer to topmost part of cranium (skull)
Inferior
Nearer to the sole of the foot
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