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Study sets matching "gross anatomy embryology"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy embryology"

42 terms
Introduction to Gross Anatomy and Embryology
Literal Definition of Anatomy
Divisions of anatomy
The Scientific Method
Levels of Organization from small to l…
Tomy- to cut... Ana - apart or separate
Gross/Micro... Embryology/ Developmental... Neuroscience ... Histology…
Observattion, Data analysis, Hypothesis, Testing
genetic/molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism,…
Literal Definition of Anatomy
Tomy- to cut... Ana - apart or separate
Divisions of anatomy
Gross/Micro... Embryology/ Developmental... Neuroscience ... Histology…
33 terms
Gross Anatomy - Embryology
Embryology
First Trimester
Second Trimester
Third Trimester
the study of the developmental events that occur during prena…
_________:... - Cleavage... - Implantation... - Placentation... - Gastrul…
_________: Most organs finish development
_________: Rapid Growth
Embryology
the study of the developmental events that occur during prena…
First Trimester
_________:... - Cleavage... - Implantation... - Placentation... - Gastrul…
221 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 2 - Embryology
What is the female germ cell?
What stage extends from fertilization…
What process involves diploid germ cel…
At what stage do chromosomes condense…
Oocyte
Embryo stage
Meiosis
Diakinesis
What is the female germ cell?
Oocyte
What stage extends from fertilization…
Embryo stage
21 terms
Embryology - Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Day 3
Day 4
Inner cell mass
Trophoblast
MORULA FORMED - A solid ball of 32 cells enters the uterus
BLASTOCYST FORMED - A hollow ball of cells forms which contai…
THIS gives rise to the embryo, amniotic sac and yolk sac
THIS gives rise to other extra embryonic structures
Day 3
MORULA FORMED - A solid ball of 32 cells enters the uterus
Day 4
BLASTOCYST FORMED - A hollow ball of cells forms which contai…
36 terms
Gross Anatomy II Heart Embryology
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
Epicardium formed by...
Influx of neural crest cells contribut…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
splanchnic mesoderm
...group of mesothelial cells
endocardial cushions
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
splanchnic mesoderm
35 terms
Bergmenson- Gross Anatomy/Embryology of the Eye
Globe Diameter
Globe diameter at Visual Axis (ant to…
Ave Scleral radius of curvature ... Weig…
3 coats of the eyeball
Horiz- 24.1mm (Nero)... Vertical- 23.5mm (name, L)
Birth: 16-17 mm (dish)... Age 3: 22.5-23 mm (nun)... Age 13: 23.5…
12mm (tin)... 7.5 grams (cow-law)... 6.6 cm2 (shoe-shoe)... 1.022-1…
Outer (sclera)... Middle (uvea)... Innter (retina)
Globe Diameter
Horiz- 24.1mm (Nero)... Vertical- 23.5mm (name, L)
Globe diameter at Visual Axis (ant to…
Birth: 16-17 mm (dish)... Age 3: 22.5-23 mm (nun)... Age 13: 23.5…
45 terms
PT 6600: Gross Anatomy - Embryology
stages of embryology (3)
main events of the first trimester (5)
main event of the second trimester
main characteristic of the third semes…
-pre-embryonic ... -embryonic... -fetal
-cleavage... -implantation... -placentation... -gastrulation... -embryoge…
most organs finish development
rapid growth
stages of embryology (3)
-pre-embryonic ... -embryonic... -fetal
main events of the first trimester (5)
-cleavage... -implantation... -placentation... -gastrulation... -embryoge…
100 terms
Gross Anatomy Lecture 3 & 4 (embryology)
Pre-embryonic period (weeks)
Embryonic period (weeks)
Fetal period (weeks)
nondisjunction
1 to 2 weeks
2 to 8 weeks (organogenesis)
9 weeks and until birth
numerical chromosomal abnormality (22 or 24 chromosomes, inst…
Pre-embryonic period (weeks)
1 to 2 weeks
Embryonic period (weeks)
2 to 8 weeks (organogenesis)
149 terms
Embryology -- face/Gross anatomy -- skull and meninges
These grooves are on the side of the e…
Facial development happens at this int…
What are the two parts of the first ph…
This structure is the bulging forehead…
Branchial arches, pharyngeal arches
What is the interface between the pharyngeal arches and brain…
Maxillary prominence and mandibular prominence
Frontonasal prominence (e.g. swelling)
These grooves are on the side of the e…
Branchial arches, pharyngeal arches
Facial development happens at this int…
What is the interface between the pharyngeal arches and brain…
36 terms
Gross Anatomy II Heart Embryology
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
Epicardium formed by...
Influx of neural crest cells contribut…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
splanchnic mesoderm
...group of mesothelial cells
endocardial cushions
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
splanchnic mesoderm
19 terms
Head and Neck (Gross Anatomy and Embryology)
Pharyngeal Arch I - Nerve
Pharyngeal Arch I - Muscles ... 5 (8)
Pharyngeal Arch I - Vascular element (s)
Pharyngeal Arch I - Cartilage/Bone... 3 (8)
V2, V3
Muscles of Mastication (temporal, masseter, lateral pterygoid…
Maxillary artery
Bones of face (maxilla, zygoma, mandible, palatine, vomer, sq…
Pharyngeal Arch I - Nerve
V2, V3
Pharyngeal Arch I - Muscles ... 5 (8)
Muscles of Mastication (temporal, masseter, lateral pterygoid…
35 terms
Bergmenson- Gross anatomy of the eye/Embryology
Globe Diameter
Globe diameter at Visual Axis (ant to…
Ave Scleral radius of curvature ... Weig…
3 coats of the eyeball
Horiz- 24.1mm (Nero)... Vertical- 23.5mm (name, L)
Birth: 16-17 mm (dish)... Age 3: 22.5-23 mm (nun)... Age 13: 23.5…
12mm (tin)... 7.5 grams (cow-law)... 6.6 cm2 (shoe-shoe)... 1.022-1…
Outer (sclera)... Middle (uvea)... Innter (retina)
Globe Diameter
Horiz- 24.1mm (Nero)... Vertical- 23.5mm (name, L)
Globe diameter at Visual Axis (ant to…
Birth: 16-17 mm (dish)... Age 3: 22.5-23 mm (nun)... Age 13: 23.5…
130 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam #3: Embryology & MSS
What is a female germ cell?
What is a male germ cell?
What is formed by union of the oocyte…
A zygote referes to what is going to b…
oocyte
sperm
zygote
child (embryo)
What is a female germ cell?
oocyte
What is a male germ cell?
sperm
38 terms
4) Neurology - Gross Anatomy and 5) Neural Embryology
Two divisions of the brain, and weight…
Cerebral area or cortex, and LOBES
Landmarks of the brain (2 types):
Frontal lobe is bounded by BLANK and p…
Brain (encephalon), two hemispheres, 1450 gm (3 lbs), connect…
Each hemisphere is divided into four lobes: frontal, temporal…
Gyrus: elevation on surface of brain, sulcus: grave-like depr…
Bounded by lateral sulcus/Sylvian Fissure.... Posteriorly by: ce…
Two divisions of the brain, and weight…
Brain (encephalon), two hemispheres, 1450 gm (3 lbs), connect…
Cerebral area or cortex, and LOBES
Each hemisphere is divided into four lobes: frontal, temporal…
162 terms
Gross Anatomy1- Embryology & Development Biology
oocyte
sperm
zygote
gestational age
female germ cell
male germ cell
formed by union of oocyte and sperm
first day of the last normal menstrual period
oocyte
female germ cell
sperm
male germ cell
21 terms
Block 2 Gross Anatomy: Heart Embryology
Blood Islands & myoblasts
Lateral folding results in?
What happens to the developing brain?
What happens to the cranial part?
-develop in the splanchic (visceral) laeral plate mesoderm ne…
fusing of the endothelial tubes to form the primitive heart t…
it lengthens & overgrows the cardiac region, making a head fo…
coming from the bulbus cordis, sprouts aortic arch vessels th…
Blood Islands & myoblasts
-develop in the splanchic (visceral) laeral plate mesoderm ne…
Lateral folding results in?
fusing of the endothelial tubes to form the primitive heart t…
39 terms
Gross Anatomy 1- Lecture 2 Embryology and Histology
Critical stages of development
Fertilization to blastocyst
Embryonic disc/ gastrulation
Morphogenesis
1. fertilization to blastocyst... 2. embryonic disc/ gastrulatio…
time traveling phase, rapid cell divsion, 16-32 cells form sp…
inner cell mass spreads deeper into blastocys and becomes a f…
beginning of shape, germ layers establish and complete the bo…
Critical stages of development
1. fertilization to blastocyst... 2. embryonic disc/ gastrulatio…
Fertilization to blastocyst
time traveling phase, rapid cell divsion, 16-32 cells form sp…
33 terms
Gross Anatomy I - Embryology of Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular system is
Blood islands
blood islands first get
mesenchymal cells make
the first system to function
aggregates of mesenchymal cells in yolk sac
cavities
endothelium of blood vessels
Cardiovascular system is
the first system to function
Blood islands
aggregates of mesenchymal cells in yolk sac
52 terms
Gross Anatomy I - Embryology of Respiratory System
3 Parts of Intraembryonic Mesoderm
Lateral plate develops into
Coelomic spaces develop into
Coelum provides for
lateral plate mesoderm, intermediate mesoderm, paraxial mesod…
coelomic spaces
intraembryonic coelum
organ growth
3 Parts of Intraembryonic Mesoderm
lateral plate mesoderm, intermediate mesoderm, paraxial mesod…
Lateral plate develops into
coelomic spaces
72 terms
Embryology and gross anatomy of the heart- CPR Exam 1
There are ___ umbilical arteries, and…
The foramen ovale and the _____ _____…
trace blood flow to the FORAMEN OVALE…
trace blood flow to the DUCTUS ARTERIO…
2... 1... ductus venosus... vena cava
ductus arteriosus... pulmonary
IVC --> R atrium --> foramen ovale... *flap valve prevents backf…
pulmonary trunk --> aorta... *bypasses lungs in fetus prior to b…
There are ___ umbilical arteries, and…
2... 1... ductus venosus... vena cava
The foramen ovale and the _____ _____…
ductus arteriosus... pulmonary
22 terms
Gross Anatomy Block 3: Embryology of Head and Neck
Neurocranium
Viscerocranium
Chondrocranium
Dermatocranium
This is one of the two major subdivisions in which the skull…
This is one of the two major subdivisions from which the skul…
This forms the base of the neurocranium and its derivatives p…
(Membranous neurocranium) Forms the lateral and top parts of…
Neurocranium
This is one of the two major subdivisions in which the skull…
Viscerocranium
This is one of the two major subdivisions from which the skul…
38 terms
Error Analysis: Pulmonary Gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology (DT)
Lung buds grow into the coelomic cavit…
Lung bud mesenchyme gives rise to the...
Adult lung alveoli number is reached b…
Hyaline membrane disease is mainly ass…
pericardio-peritoneal canals
smooth muscles
8 y.o.
type II pneumocyte development
Lung buds grow into the coelomic cavit…
pericardio-peritoneal canals
Lung bud mesenchyme gives rise to the...
smooth muscles
161 terms
Neuro Quiz #1: Gross Anatomy, Embryology, & Neuronal A&P
Rostral
Caudal
Dorsal
Ventral
In Animals, this direction is toward the nose
In animas, this direction is toward the tail
In animals, this direction is toward the back
In animals, this direction is toward the abdomen
Rostral
In Animals, this direction is toward the nose
Caudal
In animas, this direction is toward the tail
81 terms
Gross Anatomy and Embryology of the Lower Respiratory Tract: Tracheobrochial Tree and Lungs
Ventilation
Oxygenation
Respiration
What are the four components of the lo…
Transmission of air from/to the upper respiratory tract where…
Delivery of deoxygenated blood from the heart, via pulmonary…
Ventilation + oxygenation; establishes air-blood barrier for…
1. Tracheobroncial tree... 2. Lungs... 3. Pleura... 4. Vasculature
Ventilation
Transmission of air from/to the upper respiratory tract where…
Oxygenation
Delivery of deoxygenated blood from the heart, via pulmonary…
16 terms
Gross Anatomy
Humerus
Tibia
Ribs
Carpals
Upper arm bone
Medial leg bone
Surround the chest, made of flat bones
wrist bones, 8 of them
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Tibia
Medial leg bone
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Gross Anatomy and Embryology of the Lower Respiratory Tract: Tracheobronchial Tree and Lungs
What is the function of the bronchial…
What structure tethers the lung in the…
At what level does the trachea bifurca…
At what level is the cricoid cartilage…
Central arterial flow to respiratory organs
the root
T4
C6
What is the function of the bronchial…
Central arterial flow to respiratory organs
What structure tethers the lung in the…
the root
71 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
34 terms
Gross 10d Embryology of the heart
Where does the spanchic lateral plate…
What forms the primitive heart tube?
What are the parts of the primitive he…
Where does the aortic arch vessels spr…
next to gut endoderm ... cranial to the neural plate
lateral folding and fusing of endothelial tubes
atrium, ventricle, bulbus cordis, aortic arch
bulbus cordis (cranial part)
Where does the spanchic lateral plate…
next to gut endoderm ... cranial to the neural plate
What forms the primitive heart tube?
lateral folding and fusing of endothelial tubes
36 terms
NYCC Gross Anatomy 1 - Embryology of Vertebral Column, Ribs, and Sternum (NOT COMPLETE)
Early differentiation
1st week
Day 6
Day 7
Basic development from the zygote to the trilaminar disc
Zygote --> 2 cells --> morula --> blastocyst w/ blastocyst ca…
tropoblast --> cytotrophoblast (covered up in pic) and syncyt…
Hypoblast develops on surface of inner cell mass that faces b…
Early differentiation
Basic development from the zygote to the trilaminar disc
1st week
Zygote --> 2 cells --> morula --> blastocyst w/ blastocyst ca…
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
61 terms
Gross Anatomy
Quadratus Lumborum
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis and Capitis
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 2-4…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 4-6…
Quadratus Lumborum
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
Rotatores
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
36 terms
Gross Heart Embryology
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
Epicardium formed by...
Influx of neural crest cells contribut…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
splanchnic mesoderm
...group of mesothelial cells
endocardial cushions
Cardiovascular System is 1st major sys…
B) 3rd... C) 4th
Two endocardial heart tubes form from…
splanchnic mesoderm
20 terms
Gross Anatomy
Lung
Diaphragm
Trachea
Parietal Pleura
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
the tube that connects the larynx to the lungs.
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
Lung
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
Diaphragm
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
17 terms
Gross Anatomy
Cauda equina
Spinal cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
cone shaped terminal part of the spinal cord
from tip of the conus medullaris a connective tissue fiber ex…
Cauda equina
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Spinal cord
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
39 terms
Gross Anatomy
Axial Region
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
in or relating to the head
forehead region
eye areas
Axial Region
Cephalic
in or relating to the head
31 terms
AA/Gross: Early Embryology
At ovulation, what is shed from follic…
Fimbriae
Where does fertilization occur?
How many sperm enter vagina at ejacula…
1. Secondary oocyte... 2. Zona pellucida... 3. Corona radiata... They…
Sweep secondary oocyte, zona pellucida, and corona radiata in…
Distal 1/3 of uterine tube. Called ampulla
200-300 million sperm deposited into vagina. Only 300-500 rea…
At ovulation, what is shed from follic…
1. Secondary oocyte... 2. Zona pellucida... 3. Corona radiata... They…
Fimbriae
Sweep secondary oocyte, zona pellucida, and corona radiata in…
90 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
What are the 3 bony processes?
Function of the processes?
What 2 things come together to form th…
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Articulation w/ adjacent vertebral arches or attachment of mu…
Body and vertebral arch
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
What are the 3 bony processes?
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
41 terms
Embryology Gross Exam 2
arch for trigeminal nerve (CN V2, V3)
arch for facial nerve CN VII
arch for glossopharyngeal CN IX
arch for vagus nerve CN X superior lar…
1
2
3
4
arch for trigeminal nerve (CN V2, V3)
1
arch for facial nerve CN VII
2
102 terms
Gross Anatomy
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
longissimus- type of back muscle, inne…
illiocostalis- type of back muscle, in…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
Anatomy: Embryology
Cleavage
Blastocyst
Trophoblast
Embryoblast
rapid cell division
- Day 5... - Implantation... - Interstitial fluid invades to form e…
- Outer ring of cells in blastocyst... - Becomes placenta
- Inner cell mass in blastocyst... - Differentiates into germ la…
Cleavage
rapid cell division
Blastocyst
- Day 5... - Implantation... - Interstitial fluid invades to form e…
15 terms
Gross anatomy
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
mediastinum
visceral pericardium
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
64 terms
Anatomy - Embryology
The embryonic period is how long?
The fetal period is how long?
What occurs in week 1
Zona pellucida
First 8 weeks
Weeks 9 - 38
Fertilization, cleavage, formation of the blastocyst, and imp…
Where the acrosome head of the sperm binds in fertilization
The embryonic period is how long?
First 8 weeks
The fetal period is how long?
Weeks 9 - 38
19 terms
Anatomy (Embryology)
Pre-embryonic stage
embryonic development
fetal development
what happens during pre-embryonic peri…
1-2 weeks (fertilization to implantation)
week 3-week8
week9- birth
-fertilization... -zygote undergoes clevage... -mitotic division mo…
Pre-embryonic stage
1-2 weeks (fertilization to implantation)
embryonic development
week 3-week8
141 terms
Gross Anatomy
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Intercostal nerves:... -innervate?... -spina…
Trapezius:... -Origin?... -Insertion?... -Major…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
1)mostly thoracic wall... 2) T1-T11 & lie between intercoastal s…
ORIGIN: external occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, s…
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
48 terms
Anatomy - Embryology
Main embryological developments - week 1
What does the trophoblast divide into?
syncytiotrophoblast
cytotrophoblast
1. zygote divides into morula (16-32 cells)... 2. blastocyst dev…
syncytiotrophoblast and cytotrophoblast
invades endometrium and produces HCG
outer cell mass and contributes cells to syncytiotrophoblast
Main embryological developments - week 1
1. zygote divides into morula (16-32 cells)... 2. blastocyst dev…
What does the trophoblast divide into?
syncytiotrophoblast and cytotrophoblast
60 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
TRAPEZIUS
TRAPEZIUS
LATISSIMUS DORSI
LATISSIMUS DORSI
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
Origin: spinous processes of T6-T12, fascia to iliac crest, I…
Extends, adducts, and medially rotates the humerus (arm).
TRAPEZIUS
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
TRAPEZIUS
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
42 terms
Embryology & Anatomy
When do the 3 germ layers develop?
What are the 3 germ layers that develo…
What develops from the ectoderm?
What develops from the mesoderm?
Within the 1st 4 wks
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
CNS, skin, hair, nails
Basis of urogenital ridge--> basis of GU tract
When do the 3 germ layers develop?
Within the 1st 4 wks
What are the 3 germ layers that develo…
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
142 terms
Embryology Anatomy
Spina bifida occulta
Spina bifida occulta manifestations
Spina bifida with meningocele
Spina bifida with meningomyelocele
Failure of embryonic halves of neural arch to grow normally a…
Tuft of hair at L5-S1
Sac formation (meninges & CSF)
Spinal cord & meninges in sac
Spina bifida occulta
Failure of embryonic halves of neural arch to grow normally a…
Spina bifida occulta manifestations
Tuft of hair at L5-S1
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