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Study sets matching "gross anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy physiology"

41 terms
Gross Anatomy and Physiology of the Brain
gyrus (gyri)
sulcus (sulci)
longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
entire surface of cerebrum
shallow grooves that seperate gyri
divides cerebrum into hemispheres
divides frontal and parietal lobe
gyrus (gyri)
entire surface of cerebrum
sulcus (sulci)
shallow grooves that seperate gyri
22 terms
Gross muscle anatomy and physiology
Origin
Insertion
Prime mover
More stationary attachment, usually proximal
More moveable attachment, moves toward origin, usually distal
Muscle with main responsibility for a movement, agonist
Origin
More stationary attachment, usually proximal
Insertion
More moveable attachment, moves toward origin, usually distal
46 terms
Gross Muscle Anatomy and Physiology
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
Serratus Anterior
Elevate Mandible
Bilaterally flexes neck, unilaterally lateral flexion, rotati…
Extends neck, elevates scapula, retracts scapula, depresses a…
Protracts and rotates scapula
Masseter
Elevate Mandible
Sternocleidomastoid
Bilaterally flexes neck, unilaterally lateral flexion, rotati…
61 terms
Gross Cortical Anatomy and Physiology
Cortical Layers (Broad)
Layer I
Layer II
Layer III
All cortex has layers. ... Fewer layers= more primitive cortica…
Molecular Layer ... * Lacks neurons (no cell bodies) ... * Next to…
External Granule Layer ... * Primarily made up of spherical cell…
External Pyramidal Layer ... * Made up of many cell types, mostl…
Cortical Layers (Broad)
All cortex has layers. ... Fewer layers= more primitive cortica…
Layer I
Molecular Layer ... * Lacks neurons (no cell bodies) ... * Next to…
14 terms
Gross anatomy and physiology of muscles
Isometric
Isotonic
Endurance
Resistance
Without changing length
Muscle length changes
Aerobic exercise
Pumping iron and improving muscle strength and muscle endurance
Isometric
Without changing length
Isotonic
Muscle length changes
8 terms
Anatomy&Physiology 1: Gross Anatomy of Long Bones
epiphyses
diaphysis
epiphyseal line
articular cartilage
the enlarged proximal and distal ends of long bones
middle shaft area
bone growth stops when the epiphyseal plate cartilage becomes…
composed of hyaline cartilage, covers both epiphyses
epiphyses
the enlarged proximal and distal ends of long bones
diaphysis
middle shaft area
62 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Bones: Functions, Gross and Microscopic Anatomy
What is cartilage?
What is perichondrium?
What is hyaline cartilage?
What are the 4 types of hyaline cartil…
-made of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix... -formed by cho…
-"around-cartilage"... -tough layer of connective tissue surroun…
MOST ABUNDANT TYPE
1. articular... 2. costal... 3. respiratory... 4. nasal
What is cartilage?
-made of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix... -formed by cho…
What is perichondrium?
-"around-cartilage"... -tough layer of connective tissue surroun…
78 terms
Gross Anatomy- Physiology Quiz 4
Pericardium: Layers
Pericardial Borders
Fibrous Pericardium Functions
Serous Pericardium
Fibrous... Serous: parietal and visceral
Anteriorly: fused with mediastinal parietal pleura... Inferiorl…
reletively inelastic so it can protect the heart from overfil…
Perietal and Visceral layers that contain a parietal fluid be…
Pericardium: Layers
Fibrous... Serous: parietal and visceral
Pericardial Borders
Anteriorly: fused with mediastinal parietal pleura... Inferiorl…
8 terms
Gross Anatomy and Physiology of the Muscle System
Skeletal (Muscle)
Myofilaments
Endomysium
Perimysium
Voluntary, Striated, Multinucleate
Actin, Myosin, Sacromere- contractile unit
Covers each muscle fiber
Covers several fibers together, forms a bundle of fibers call…
Skeletal (Muscle)
Voluntary, Striated, Multinucleate
Myofilaments
Actin, Myosin, Sacromere- contractile unit
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System
Muscular system
Muscle fiber
Endomysium
Muscle fascicles
Refers to the skeletal muscles.
The basic functional unit of skeletal muscle.
Layer of connective tissue that encloses each muscle fiber.
Fibers are organized into these bundles. Each bundle is enclo…
Muscular system
Refers to the skeletal muscles.
Muscle fiber
The basic functional unit of skeletal muscle.
123 terms
Physiology: Respiratory Physiology :Gross Anatomy and Ventilation
What does the upper conducting zone co…
What does the lower conducting zone co…
What is the respiratory zone?
Which lung has 3 lobes?
Mouth, Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx
Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
Gas exchange takes place.... Lungs and alveoli
Right Lung
What does the upper conducting zone co…
Mouth, Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx
What does the lower conducting zone co…
Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
76 terms
The Liver (gross anatomy, vasculature, & physiology)
What is the size of the liver?
The liver is a _________peritoneal org…
What is the echogenicity of the liver…
Should the kidney be more echogenic th…
<15cm... -weighs 1500g
INTRA
Kidney Cortex < Liver & Spleen < Pancreas
NO... -If it is - we know that something is likely wrong with th…
What is the size of the liver?
<15cm... -weighs 1500g
The liver is a _________peritoneal org…
INTRA
16 terms
Gross Anatomy
Humerus
Tibia
Ribs
Carpals
Upper arm bone
Medial leg bone
Surround the chest, made of flat bones
wrist bones, 8 of them
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Tibia
Medial leg bone
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - muscular system gross anatomy
The depressor anguli oris muscle
In the body's lever systems, the
The orbicularis oculi muscle
A muscle that extends both the wrist a…
contributes to pouting.
joint represents the fulcrum point.
causes crow's feet wrinkles.
extensor indicis.
The depressor anguli oris muscle
contributes to pouting.
In the body's lever systems, the
joint represents the fulcrum point.
77 terms
Urinary System gross anatomy mostly physiology
urinary dule role
homeostasis
extra cellular fluid
urinary system organs
excrete waste, homeostasis of the body
stability of extra-cellular fluids in the body same ion,ph co…
all the fluid found outside of the cells. responds to osmosis
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra tuberlar struc…
urinary dule role
excrete waste, homeostasis of the body
homeostasis
stability of extra-cellular fluids in the body same ion,ph co…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Gross and Microscopic Structure of Long Bones
dense outer layer
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
long shaft
ends/heads
compact bone
spongy bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
dense outer layer
compact bone
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
spongy bone
44 terms
Respiratory Gross Anatomy and Physiology Labs 36 and 37
Nasal Cavity
Nasopharynx location, contents, & func…
Pharyngeal tonsil
Oropharynx
(1) ... Air enters here from the nares... Right and Left sides se…
(3)... Uppermost part of pharynx... Superior to the soft palate (6)…
(4)... Located in the superior part of the nasopharynx ... Masses…
(8) ... Middle portion of pharynx... Continuous posteriorally with…
Nasal Cavity
(1) ... Air enters here from the nares... Right and Left sides se…
Nasopharynx location, contents, & func…
(3)... Uppermost part of pharynx... Superior to the soft palate (6)…
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
6 terms
Gross Anatomy and Physiology Study Table (Face)
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Temporalis
Zygomaticus
Cranial Aponeurosis, Skin of eyebrows, Raises Eyebrows
Frontal bone, Tissue around eyes, Blinking
Temporal bone, mandible, closes Jaw
Zygomatic Bone, tissues at corners of mouth, smiling
Frontalis
Cranial Aponeurosis, Skin of eyebrows, Raises Eyebrows
Orbicularis Oculi
Frontal bone, Tissue around eyes, Blinking
71 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology gross muscles-face and trunk
Rectus abdominis
Pectoralis major
Deltoid
External oblique
Flexes the vertebral column.
Adducts arm and flexes at shoulder joint.
Abducts arm.
Flex vertebral column and rotate trunk.
Rectus abdominis
Flexes the vertebral column.
Pectoralis major
Adducts arm and flexes at shoulder joint.
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
39 terms
Gross Anatomy
Axial Region
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
in or relating to the head
forehead region
eye areas
Axial Region
Cephalic
in or relating to the head
61 terms
Gross Anatomy
Quadratus Lumborum
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis and Capitis
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 2-4…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 4-6…
Quadratus Lumborum
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
Rotatores
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lab Exam 4 Functions and Gross Anatomy
Scrotum
Scrotal Septum
Dartos Muscle
Cremaster Muscle
surrounds the testis
the separation between the right and left scrotal cavities
elevates the testes and causes the characteristic wrinkling o…
contraction pulls testicles closer to the body
Scrotum
surrounds the testis
Scrotal Septum
the separation between the right and left scrotal cavities
20 terms
Gross Anatomy
Lung
Diaphragm
Trachea
Parietal Pleura
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
the tube that connects the larynx to the lungs.
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
Lung
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
Diaphragm
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
17 terms
Gross Anatomy
Cauda equina
Spinal cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
cone shaped terminal part of the spinal cord
from tip of the conus medullaris a connective tissue fiber ex…
Cauda equina
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Spinal cord
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
90 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
What are the 3 bony processes?
Function of the processes?
What 2 things come together to form th…
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Articulation w/ adjacent vertebral arches or attachment of mu…
Body and vertebral arch
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
What are the 3 bony processes?
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10 Muscular System Gross Anatomy
Occipitalfrontalis
Occipitofrontalis
Nasalis
Orbicularis oris
Frontal portion; skin of eyebrow and bridge of the nose; rais…
Occipital portion; galea and aponeurotica; tenses and retract…
Bridge of nose; displayed nostrils
Maxilla, mandible, and angle of the mouth; Muscles over the l…
Occipitalfrontalis
Frontal portion; skin of eyebrow and bridge of the nose; rais…
Occipitofrontalis
Occipital portion; galea and aponeurotica; tenses and retract…
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscular System Gross Anatomy
Origin
Head
Insertion
Belly
The fixed end... The most stationary, proximal end of the muscle
If a muscle has multiple origins, each one will be called a h…
The mobile end... The distal end of the muscle attached to the b…
The part of the muscle between the origin and insertion
Origin
The fixed end... The most stationary, proximal end of the muscle
Head
If a muscle has multiple origins, each one will be called a h…
102 terms
Gross Anatomy
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
longissimus- type of back muscle, inne…
illiocostalis- type of back muscle, in…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
NGTC: Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Gross Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Connective Tissue Sheath : Epimysium
Connective Tissue Sheath: Perimysium a…
Connective Tissue Sheath: Endomysium
A discrete organ made up of several kinds of tissues. Muscle…
An overcoat of dense irregular connective tissue that surroun…
Muscle Fibers are grouped into fascicles within each skeletal…
Wispy sheath of connective tissue that surrounds each individ…
Skeletal Muscle
A discrete organ made up of several kinds of tissues. Muscle…
Connective Tissue Sheath : Epimysium
An overcoat of dense irregular connective tissue that surroun…
15 terms
Gross anatomy
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
mediastinum
visceral pericardium
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skin Disorders(Some pictures may be gross)
Dermatitis
Melanoma
Psoriasis
Acne
Otherwise known as Eczema, Dermatitis is an inflammation of t…
The deadliest form of skin cancer, it is able to spread to ot…
Changing the life cycle of cells, psoriasis is characterized…
Caused by dead skin and bacteria welling up in pores, it clog…
Dermatitis
Otherwise known as Eczema, Dermatitis is an inflammation of t…
Melanoma
The deadliest form of skin cancer, it is able to spread to ot…
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System; Head, Neck, & Trunk
Orbicularis oculi
Zygomaticus minor
Epicranius; Frontal belly
Masseter
Head; Facial Expression
Head; Facial Expression
Head; Facial Expression
Head; Mastication
Orbicularis oculi
Head; Facial Expression
Zygomaticus minor
Head; Facial Expression
141 terms
Gross Anatomy
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Intercostal nerves:... -innervate?... -spina…
Trapezius:... -Origin?... -Insertion?... -Major…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
1)mostly thoracic wall... 2) T1-T11 & lie between intercoastal s…
ORIGIN: external occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, s…
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
36 terms
Cardiovascular Gross Anatomy
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Pericardium
A-Position of transverse pericardial s…
B-Fibrous pericardium... C-Parietal Layer…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
What is the covering of the heart called?
What is A?
B? C? D?
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
Pericardium
What is the covering of the heart called?
60 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
TRAPEZIUS
TRAPEZIUS
LATISSIMUS DORSI
LATISSIMUS DORSI
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
Origin: spinous processes of T6-T12, fascia to iliac crest, I…
Extends, adducts, and medially rotates the humerus (arm).
TRAPEZIUS
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
TRAPEZIUS
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
194 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Gross Anatomy
Longitudinal Fissure
Frontal Plane
Horizontal Plane
Fissure
Perfect Mid Sagital Plant
Parallel to the long axis of the body separating front from b…
separates inferior and superior aspects
Particularly deep sulcus (E.g. Superior Longitudinal Fissure)
Longitudinal Fissure
Perfect Mid Sagital Plant
Frontal Plane
Parallel to the long axis of the body separating front from b…
12 terms
Gross Anatomy
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Medullary cavity
shaft of long bone
Top and bottom of long bone
Diaphysis
shaft of long bone
Epiphysis
Top and bottom of long bone
38 terms
Gross Anatomy
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
receives and integrates sensory information
visual centers of the brain
areas for hearing, smell, learning, memory, emotional behavior
Frontal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
Parietal lobe
receives and integrates sensory information
157 terms
Gross anatomy Skeletal System
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
Name 3 places where cartilage can be f…
Two types of bone
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
pubic symphysis, articular cartilage of joint, cartilage in i…
Spongy bone & compact bone
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
188 terms
Gross Anatomy final
pericardium
right atrium
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
pericardium
right atrium
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
292 terms
Gross Anatomy
perineum
serous linings
adduction
abduction
pelvis
line cavities
moving body part toward midline
moving body part away from midline
perineum
pelvis
serous linings
line cavities
19 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trachea
Lung
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
outer layer of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
inner layer of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue. B
Trachea
Lung
78 terms
Gross Anatomy
nervous
CNS
PNS
ANS
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
towards brain
away from brain; brain + spinal comm w/ body + world
part of PNS; reg internal enviro (organs, glands + blood)
nervous
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
CNS
towards brain
135 terms
Gross Anatomy
Identify A. Superior articular process…
What type of vertebrae?
C1 (atlas)- transverse ligament of atl…
Verteral foramen houses spinal cord, a…
Identify A. Superior articular process…
What type of vertebrae?
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