Study sets matching "gross anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy physiology"

Anatomy + Physiology (Gross Anatomy)
Body
Head
Neck
Margin/Border
Main part
Enlarged end
Constriction between head and body
Edge
Body
Main part
Head
Enlarged end
163 terms
Bone Physiology and Gross Anatomy
Support, protection, movement, storage…
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Chondroblast
Functions of the skeletal system
Firm, smooth, resilient, non-vascular connective tissue
Main cell type in cartilage
Immature chondrocyte
Support, protection, movement, storage…
Functions of the skeletal system
Cartilage
Firm, smooth, resilient, non-vascular connective tissue
41 terms
Gross Anatomy and Physiology of the Brain
gyrus (gyri)
sulcus (sulci)
longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
entire surface of cerebrum
shallow grooves that seperate gyri
divides cerebrum into hemispheres
divides frontal and parietal lobe
gyrus (gyri)
entire surface of cerebrum
sulcus (sulci)
shallow grooves that seperate gyri
46 terms
Gross Muscle Anatomy and Physiology
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
Serratus Anterior
Elevate Mandible
Bilaterally flexes neck, unilaterally lateral flexion, rotati…
Extends neck, elevates scapula, retracts scapula, depresses a…
Protracts and rotates scapula
Masseter
Elevate Mandible
Sternocleidomastoid
Bilaterally flexes neck, unilaterally lateral flexion, rotati…
Gross muscle anatomy and physiology
Origin
Insertion
Prime mover
More stationary attachment, usually proximal
More moveable attachment, moves toward origin, usually distal
Muscle with main responsibility for a movement, agonist
Origin
More stationary attachment, usually proximal
Insertion
More moveable attachment, moves toward origin, usually distal
61 terms
Gross Cortical Anatomy and Physiology
Cortical Layers (Broad)
Layer I
Layer II
Layer III
All cortex has layers. ... Fewer layers= more primitive cortica…
Molecular Layer ... * Lacks neurons (no cell bodies) ... * Next to…
External Granule Layer ... * Primarily made up of spherical cell…
External Pyramidal Layer ... * Made up of many cell types, mostl…
Cortical Layers (Broad)
All cortex has layers. ... Fewer layers= more primitive cortica…
Layer I
Molecular Layer ... * Lacks neurons (no cell bodies) ... * Next to…
14 terms
Gross anatomy and physiology of muscles
Isometric
Isotonic
Endurance
Resistance
Without changing length
Muscle length changes
Aerobic exercise
Pumping iron and improving muscle strength and muscle endurance
Isometric
Without changing length
Isotonic
Muscle length changes
The Liver (gross anatomy, vasculature, & physiology)
What is the size of the liver?
The liver is a _________peritoneal org…
What is the echogenicity of the liver…
Should the kidney be more echogenic th…
<15cm... -weighs 1500g
INTRA
Kidney Cortex < Liver & Spleen < Pancreas
NO... -If it is - we know that something is likely wrong with th…
What is the size of the liver?
<15cm... -weighs 1500g
The liver is a _________peritoneal org…
INTRA
78 terms
Gross Anatomy- Physiology Quiz 4
Pericardium: Layers
Pericardial Borders
Fibrous Pericardium Functions
Serous Pericardium
Fibrous... Serous: parietal and visceral
Anteriorly: fused with mediastinal parietal pleura... Inferiorl…
reletively inelastic so it can protect the heart from overfil…
Perietal and Visceral layers that contain a parietal fluid be…
Pericardium: Layers
Fibrous... Serous: parietal and visceral
Pericardial Borders
Anteriorly: fused with mediastinal parietal pleura... Inferiorl…
62 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Bones: Functions, Gross and Microscopic Anatomy
What is cartilage?
What is perichondrium?
What is hyaline cartilage?
What are the 4 types of hyaline cartil…
-made of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix... -formed by cho…
-"around-cartilage"... -tough layer of connective tissue surroun…
MOST ABUNDANT TYPE
1. articular... 2. costal... 3. respiratory... 4. nasal
What is cartilage?
-made of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix... -formed by cho…
What is perichondrium?
-"around-cartilage"... -tough layer of connective tissue surroun…
8 terms
Gross Anatomy and Physiology of the Muscle System
Skeletal (Muscle)
Myofilaments
Endomysium
Perimysium
Voluntary, Striated, Multinucleate
Actin, Myosin, Sacromere- contractile unit
Covers each muscle fiber
Covers several fibers together, forms a bundle of fibers call…
Skeletal (Muscle)
Voluntary, Striated, Multinucleate
Myofilaments
Actin, Myosin, Sacromere- contractile unit
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System
Muscular system
Muscle fiber
Endomysium
Muscle fascicles
Refers to the skeletal muscles.
The basic functional unit of skeletal muscle.
Layer of connective tissue that encloses each muscle fiber.
Fibers are organized into these bundles. Each bundle is enclo…
Muscular system
Refers to the skeletal muscles.
Muscle fiber
The basic functional unit of skeletal muscle.
Anatomy&Physiology 1: Gross Anatomy of Long Bones
epiphyses
diaphysis
epiphyseal line
articular cartilage
the enlarged proximal and distal ends of long bones
middle shaft area
bone growth stops when the epiphyseal plate cartilage becomes…
composed of hyaline cartilage, covers both epiphyses
epiphyses
the enlarged proximal and distal ends of long bones
diaphysis
middle shaft area
77 terms
Urinary System gross anatomy mostly physiology
urinary dule role
homeostasis
extra cellular fluid
urinary system organs
excrete waste, homeostasis of the body
stability of extra-cellular fluids in the body same ion,ph co…
all the fluid found outside of the cells. responds to osmosis
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra tuberlar struc…
urinary dule role
excrete waste, homeostasis of the body
homeostasis
stability of extra-cellular fluids in the body same ion,ph co…
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - muscular system gross anatomy
The depressor anguli oris muscle
In the body's lever systems, the
The orbicularis oculi muscle
A muscle that extends both the wrist a…
contributes to pouting.
joint represents the fulcrum point.
causes crow's feet wrinkles.
extensor indicis.
The depressor anguli oris muscle
contributes to pouting.
In the body's lever systems, the
joint represents the fulcrum point.
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Gross and Microscopic Structure of Long Bones
dense outer layer
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
long shaft
ends/heads
compact bone
spongy bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
dense outer layer
compact bone
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
spongy bone
123 terms
Physiology: Respiratory Physiology :Gross Anatomy and Ventilation
What does the upper conducting zone co…
What does the lower conducting zone co…
What is the respiratory zone?
Which lung has 3 lobes?
Mouth, Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx
Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
Gas exchange takes place.... Lungs and alveoli
Right Lung
What does the upper conducting zone co…
Mouth, Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx
What does the lower conducting zone co…
Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
16 terms
Gross Anatomy
Humerus
Tibia
Ribs
Carpals
Upper arm bone
Medial leg bone
Surround the chest, made of flat bones
wrist bones, 8 of them
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Tibia
Medial leg bone
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
44 terms
Respiratory Gross Anatomy and Physiology Labs 36 and 37
Nasal Cavity
Nasopharynx location, contents, & func…
Pharyngeal tonsil
Oropharynx
(1) ... Air enters here from the nares... Right and Left sides se…
(3)... Uppermost part of pharynx... Superior to the soft palate (6)…
(4)... Located in the superior part of the nasopharynx ... Masses…
(8) ... Middle portion of pharynx... Continuous posteriorally with…
Nasal Cavity
(1) ... Air enters here from the nares... Right and Left sides se…
Nasopharynx location, contents, & func…
(3)... Uppermost part of pharynx... Superior to the soft palate (6)…
Gross Anatomy and Physiology Study Table (Face)
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Temporalis
Zygomaticus
Cranial Aponeurosis, Skin of eyebrows, Raises Eyebrows
Frontal bone, Tissue around eyes, Blinking
Temporal bone, mandible, closes Jaw
Zygomatic Bone, tissues at corners of mouth, smiling
Frontalis
Cranial Aponeurosis, Skin of eyebrows, Raises Eyebrows
Orbicularis Oculi
Frontal bone, Tissue around eyes, Blinking
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology gross muscles-face and trunk
Rectus abdominis
Pectoralis major
Deltoid
External oblique
Flexes the vertebral column.
Adducts arm and flexes at shoulder joint.
Abducts arm.
Flex vertebral column and rotate trunk.
Rectus abdominis
Flexes the vertebral column.
Pectoralis major
Adducts arm and flexes at shoulder joint.
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lab Exam 4 Functions and Gross Anatomy
Scrotum
Scrotal Septum
Dartos Muscle
Cremaster Muscle
surrounds the testis
the separation between the right and left scrotal cavities
elevates the testes and causes the characteristic wrinkling o…
contraction pulls testicles closer to the body
Scrotum
surrounds the testis
Scrotal Septum
the separation between the right and left scrotal cavities
7 terms
Gross Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Systemic anatomy
Regional anatomy
Surface anatomy
(AKA macroscopic anatomy) investigates the structure and rela…
studies the anatomy of each functional body system. ... such as…
examines all of the structure in a particular region of the b…
focuses on both superficial anatomic marking and the internal…
Gross Anatomy
(AKA macroscopic anatomy) investigates the structure and rela…
Systemic anatomy
studies the anatomy of each functional body system. ... such as…
61 terms
Gross Anatomy
Quadratus Lumborum
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis and Capitis
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 2-4…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 4-6…
Quadratus Lumborum
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
Rotatores
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10 Muscular System Gross Anatomy
Occipitalfrontalis
Occipitofrontalis
Nasalis
Orbicularis oris
Frontal portion; skin of eyebrow and bridge of the nose; rais…
Occipital portion; galea and aponeurotica; tenses and retract…
Bridge of nose; displayed nostrils
Maxilla, mandible, and angle of the mouth; Muscles over the l…
Occipitalfrontalis
Frontal portion; skin of eyebrow and bridge of the nose; rais…
Occipitofrontalis
Occipital portion; galea and aponeurotica; tenses and retract…
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscular System Gross Anatomy
Origin
Head
Insertion
Belly
The fixed end... The most stationary, proximal end of the muscle
If a muscle has multiple origins, each one will be called a h…
The mobile end... The distal end of the muscle attached to the b…
The part of the muscle between the origin and insertion
Origin
The fixed end... The most stationary, proximal end of the muscle
Head
If a muscle has multiple origins, each one will be called a h…
21 terms
Gross Anatomy
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
Pericardium
Lung
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
The delicate serous membrane that covers the surface of each…
Membrane surrounding the heart
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
Parietal Pleura
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
Visceral Pleura
The delicate serous membrane that covers the surface of each…
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
90 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
What are the 3 bony processes?
Function of the processes?
What 2 things come together to form th…
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Articulation w/ adjacent vertebral arches or attachment of mu…
Body and vertebral arch
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
What are the 3 bony processes?
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Gross Anatomy
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
longissimus- type of back muscle, inne…
illiocostalis- type of back muscle, in…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
NGTC: Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Gross Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Connective Tissue Sheath : Epimysium
Connective Tissue Sheath: Perimysium a…
Connective Tissue Sheath: Endomysium
A discrete organ made up of several kinds of tissues. Muscle…
An overcoat of dense irregular connective tissue that surroun…
Muscle Fibers are grouped into fascicles within each skeletal…
Wispy sheath of connective tissue that surrounds each individ…
Skeletal Muscle
A discrete organ made up of several kinds of tissues. Muscle…
Connective Tissue Sheath : Epimysium
An overcoat of dense irregular connective tissue that surroun…
15 terms
Gross anatomy
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
mediastinum
visceral pericardium
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
Gross Anatomy
histology
cytology
gross
embryology
microscopic anatomy
cellular anatomy
macroscopic anatomy
developmental anatomy
histology
microscopic anatomy
cytology
cellular anatomy
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
157 terms
Gross anatomy Skeletal System
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
Name 3 places where cartilage can be f…
Two types of bone
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
pubic symphysis, articular cartilage of joint, cartilage in i…
Spongy bone & compact bone
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skin Disorders(Some pictures may be gross)
Dermatitis
Melanoma
Psoriasis
Acne
Otherwise known as Eczema, Dermatitis is an inflammation of t…
The deadliest form of skin cancer, it is able to spread to ot…
Changing the life cycle of cells, psoriasis is characterized…
Caused by dead skin and bacteria welling up in pores, it clog…
Dermatitis
Otherwise known as Eczema, Dermatitis is an inflammation of t…
Melanoma
The deadliest form of skin cancer, it is able to spread to ot…
14 terms
Gross Anatomy
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
dorsal cavity
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
the upper part of the torso or trunk, within the chest area;…
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
dorsal cavity
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
128 terms
Gross Anatomy quiz 1:
Histology is the study of
When looking at a tissue in a microsco…
T or F: Tissue samples are thin slices.
What are the 4 tissue types?
-Tissues or groups of cells... -Microscopic anatomy
plane of dissection
T
- Epithelial... - Connective... - Nerve... - Muscle
Histology is the study of
-Tissues or groups of cells... -Microscopic anatomy
When looking at a tissue in a microsco…
plane of dissection
Gross anatomy
Larynx
thyroid cartilage larynx
Cricoid Cartilage larynx
cricothyroid ligament larynx
Larynx
thyroid cartilage larynx
39 terms
Gross Anatomy
Axial Region
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
in or relating to the head
forehead region
eye areas
Axial Region
Cephalic
in or relating to the head
36 terms
Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Triceps Brachii
Pronator Teres
-location: most familiar muscle of the anterior humerus becau…
-location: immediately deep to biceps brachii... -origin: distal…
-location: large fleshy muscle of posterior humerus, three he…
-location: seen in a superficial view between proximal margin…
Biceps Brachii
-location: most familiar muscle of the anterior humerus becau…
Brachialis
-location: immediately deep to biceps brachii... -origin: distal…
97 terms
Gross Anatomy -- Thoracic Exam
Superior Thoracic Aperture
Jugular Notch
Manubrium
Sternal Angle
Composed of T1; both first ribs; and manubrium sterni.
Superior border of the sternum, between clavicular notches.
Joins with the clavicles, the first ribs, and the body of the…
1. Which rib articulates here?... Rib 2; used as a reference poi…
Superior Thoracic Aperture
Composed of T1; both first ribs; and manubrium sterni.
Jugular Notch
Superior border of the sternum, between clavicular notches.
Gross Anatomy- Pectoral Region
Pectoralis Major m.
Pectoralis Minor m.
Subclavius m.
True Ribs
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
O- Junction of 1st rib and costal cartilages... I- Inferior surf…
1st through 7th rib... Ribs that articulate from the vertebral…
Pectoralis Major m.
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
Pectoralis Minor m.
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
36 terms
Cardiovascular Gross Anatomy
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Pericardium
A-Position of transverse pericardial s…
B-Fibrous pericardium... C-Parietal Layer…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
What is the covering of the heart called?
What is A?
B? C? D?
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
Pericardium
What is the covering of the heart called?
136 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
How is the cranium divided?
How is the neurocranium divided?
What is endochondral osteogenesis and…
What is intramembranous osteogenesis a…
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Endochondral Osteogenesis is when bones are formed by ossifyi…
Intramembranous Osteogenesis is when bone forms directly form…
How is the cranium divided?
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
How is the neurocranium divided?
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Gross Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
above- towards head
Below- towards feet
In front
back
Superior
above- towards head
Inferior
Below- towards feet
17 terms
Gross Anatomy
Cauda equina
Spinal cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
cone shaped terminal part of the spinal cord
from tip of the conus medullaris a connective tissue fiber ex…
Cauda equina
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Spinal cord
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
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