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Study sets matching "gross anatomy"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy"

16 terms
Gross Anatomy
Humerus
Tibia
Ribs
Carpals
Upper arm bone
Medial leg bone
Surround the chest, made of flat bones
wrist bones, 8 of them
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Tibia
Medial leg bone
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
71 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
61 terms
Gross Anatomy
Quadratus Lumborum
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis and Capitis
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 2-4…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 4-6…
Quadratus Lumborum
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
Rotatores
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
90 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
What are the 3 bony processes?
Function of the processes?
What 2 things come together to form th…
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Articulation w/ adjacent vertebral arches or attachment of mu…
Body and vertebral arch
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
What are the 3 bony processes?
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
20 terms
Gross Anatomy
Lung
Diaphragm
Trachea
Parietal Pleura
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
the tube that connects the larynx to the lungs.
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
Lung
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
Diaphragm
a dome-shaped muscle beneath the lungs that helps with breath…
17 terms
Gross Anatomy
Cauda equina
Spinal cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
cone shaped terminal part of the spinal cord
from tip of the conus medullaris a connective tissue fiber ex…
Cauda equina
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Spinal cord
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
39 terms
Gross Anatomy
Axial Region
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
in or relating to the head
forehead region
eye areas
Axial Region
Cephalic
in or relating to the head
102 terms
Gross Anatomy
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
longissimus- type of back muscle, inne…
illiocostalis- type of back muscle, in…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
15 terms
Gross anatomy
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
mediastinum
visceral pericardium
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
141 terms
Gross Anatomy
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Intercostal nerves:... -innervate?... -spina…
Trapezius:... -Origin?... -Insertion?... -Major…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
1)mostly thoracic wall... 2) T1-T11 & lie between intercoastal s…
ORIGIN: external occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, s…
Right & Left phrenic nerve:... -Spinal Se…
C3, C4, C5 give the diaphram life
Vagus nerve:... -innervation?
Provides parasympathetic innervation to thoracic vescera and…
194 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
36 terms
Cardiovascular Gross Anatomy
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Pericardium
A-Position of transverse pericardial s…
B-Fibrous pericardium... C-Parietal Layer…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
What is the covering of the heart called?
What is A?
B? C? D?
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
Pericardium
What is the covering of the heart called?
188 terms
Gross Anatomy final
pericardium
right atrium
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
pericardium
right atrium
14 terms
Gross Anatomy
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
dorsal cavity
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
the upper part of the torso or trunk, within the chest area;…
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
dorsal cavity
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
60 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
TRAPEZIUS
TRAPEZIUS
LATISSIMUS DORSI
LATISSIMUS DORSI
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
Origin: spinous processes of T6-T12, fascia to iliac crest, I…
Extends, adducts, and medially rotates the humerus (arm).
TRAPEZIUS
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T12 vertebrae, Insertion: Lat…
TRAPEZIUS
When both upper and lower fibers act together, the scapula ca…
97 terms
Gross Anatomy- Pectoral Region
Pectoralis Major m.
Pectoralis Minor m.
Subclavius m.
True Ribs
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
O- Junction of 1st rib and costal cartilages... I- Inferior surf…
1st through 7th rib... Ribs that articulate from the vertebral…
Pectoralis Major m.
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
Pectoralis Minor m.
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
136 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
How is the cranium divided?
How is the neurocranium divided?
What is endochondral osteogenesis and…
What is intramembranous osteogenesis a…
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Endochondral Osteogenesis is when bones are formed by ossifyi…
Intramembranous Osteogenesis is when bone forms directly form…
How is the cranium divided?
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
How is the neurocranium divided?
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
14 terms
Gross Anatomy
histology
cytology
gross
embryology
microscopic anatomy
cellular anatomy
macroscopic anatomy
developmental anatomy
histology
microscopic anatomy
cytology
cellular anatomy
12 terms
Gross Anatomy
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Medullary cavity
shaft of long bone
Top and bottom of long bone
Diaphysis
shaft of long bone
Epiphysis
Top and bottom of long bone
Gross Anatomy
Longitudinal Fissure
Frontal Plane
Horizontal Plane
Fissure
Perfect Mid Sagital Plant
Parallel to the long axis of the body separating front from b…
separates inferior and superior aspects
Particularly deep sulcus (E.g. Superior Longitudinal Fissure)
Longitudinal Fissure
Perfect Mid Sagital Plant
Frontal Plane
Parallel to the long axis of the body separating front from b…
38 terms
Gross Anatomy
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
receives and integrates sensory information
visual centers of the brain
areas for hearing, smell, learning, memory, emotional behavior
Frontal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
Parietal lobe
receives and integrates sensory information
19 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trachea
Lung
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
outer layer of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
inner layer of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue. B
Trachea
Lung
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
176 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Myology
Functions of skeletal muscle
Muscular system depends on other syste…
Fasciculi
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
-Skeletal (musculoskeletal system)-movement... -Respiratory, dig…
Muscle fibers grouped into bundles
Myology
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
Functions of skeletal muscle
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
317 terms
Gross Anatomy
perineum
serous linings
adduction
abduction
pelvis
line cavities
moving body part toward midline
moving body part away from midline
perineum
pelvis
serous linings
line cavities
157 terms
Gross anatomy Skeletal System
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
Name 3 places where cartilage can be f…
Two types of bone
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
pubic symphysis, articular cartilage of joint, cartilage in i…
Spongy bone & compact bone
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
78 terms
Gross Anatomy
nervous
CNS
PNS
ANS
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
towards brain
away from brain; brain + spinal comm w/ body + world
part of PNS; reg internal enviro (organs, glands + blood)
nervous
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
CNS
towards brain
135 terms
Gross Anatomy
Identify A. Superior articular process…
What type of vertebrae?
C1 (atlas)- transverse ligament of atl…
Verteral foramen houses spinal cord, a…
Identify A. Superior articular process…
What type of vertebrae?
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
10 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebrae Characteristics
Shared Derived Characteristics
Dorsal Body Cavity
Ventral Body Cavity
1. Tube-within-a-tube... 2. Bilateral symmetry (midsagittal plan…
-Verabrate skeleton... -Vertebrate cardiovascular system
Cranial & Vertebral cavities... Smaller than Ventral, houses CNS
Thoracic Cavity (3 parts):... -2 lateral parts, each containing…
Vertebrae Characteristics
1. Tube-within-a-tube... 2. Bilateral symmetry (midsagittal plan…
Shared Derived Characteristics
-Verabrate skeleton... -Vertebrate cardiovascular system
15 terms
Gross Anatomy
Diaphysis (shaft)
periosteum
epiphysis
compact bone
The long part of the bone or the shaft of it
protective coat of the bone or outer layer
ends parts of long bones
the hard, rigid form of connective tissue constituting most o…
Diaphysis (shaft)
The long part of the bone or the shaft of it
periosteum
protective coat of the bone or outer layer
70 terms
Gross Anatomy
Functions of Bone
Bones store minerals & fat
Hematopoiesis
5 shape of bones
Support of weight, movement, protection of internal organs, g…
Calcium & phosphorous absorb and renew as needed.... Fat within…
Blood cell formation within red marrow cavities
1) Long... 2) Short... 3) Flat... 4) Irregular... 5) Sesamoid
Functions of Bone
Support of weight, movement, protection of internal organs, g…
Bones store minerals & fat
Calcium & phosphorous absorb and renew as needed.... Fat within…
45 terms
Gross Anatomy
Respiration
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
Ventilation
The exchange of O2 and CO2 between a living organism and its…
the exchange of O2 and CO2 between the blood and the lungs
the exchange of O2 and CO2 between the blood and the individu…
the movement of air into and out of the lungs.
Respiration
The exchange of O2 and CO2 between a living organism and its…
External Respiration
the exchange of O2 and CO2 between the blood and the lungs
95 terms
pelvis 2-gross anatomy
What is the peritoneal cavity lined wi…
What pouches can be found in the femal…
What pouch can be found in the male pe…
What organs are common between both se…
peritoneum
vesicouterine, rectouterine pouches
rectovesical pouch
urinary bladder, rectum, ureter
What is the peritoneal cavity lined wi…
peritoneum
What pouches can be found in the femal…
vesicouterine, rectouterine pouches
80 terms
Abdomen I - Gross anatomy
rectus sheath
rectus abdominis
external oblique
internal oblique
formed by the aponeuroses of the obliques, which insert into…
O: pubic bone... I: xiphoid process of sternum and costal append…
O: outer surfaces of lower 8 ribs... I: primarily linea alba... A:…
O: lumbar fascia, iliac crest and inguinal ligament... I: primar…
rectus sheath
formed by the aponeuroses of the obliques, which insert into…
rectus abdominis
O: pubic bone... I: xiphoid process of sternum and costal append…
340 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 2
Trapezius- Origins
Trapezius- Insertions
Trapezius- Actions
Trapezius- nerve supply (both types)
-External Occipital Protuberance... -Superior Nuchal Line... -Spine…
-Clavicle... -Acromion process... -Spine of the Scapula
-Stabilizes the scapula... -Elevates the scapula... -Adducts (retra…
Motor-Cranial nerve XI (Spinal Accessory)... Sensory-C4, C5
Trapezius- Origins
-External Occipital Protuberance... -Superior Nuchal Line... -Spine…
Trapezius- Insertions
-Clavicle... -Acromion process... -Spine of the Scapula
43 terms
Gross Anatomy
Tibialis Posterior
Tom Dick and Harry
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flexor Hallucis Longus
O. Posterior tibia, fibula and interosseous membrane... I. Navi…
Three deep posterior calf muscles have tendons which course a…
O. Posterior tibia... I. Distal phalanges of 4 lateral toes on…
O. Posterior Fibula... I. Distal phalanx of great toe (plantar…
Tibialis Posterior
O. Posterior tibia, fibula and interosseous membrane... I. Navi…
Tom Dick and Harry
Three deep posterior calf muscles have tendons which course a…
59 terms
gross anatomy
2 cell zygote can differentiate into w…
3 day cell mass
Why do cells from the inner cell mass…
bilaminar disk formation
any type of cell
to discover three days after fertilization the 1216cell stage…
Because these cells are pluripotent and can form virtually an…
Also note the embryoblast differentiates into the bilaminar g…
2 cell zygote can differentiate into w…
any type of cell
3 day cell mass
to discover three days after fertilization the 1216cell stage…
87 terms
Gross anatomy
Thoracodorsal
Axillary
Suprascapular
Suprascapular
Nerve innervating the latissimus dorsi
Nerve innervating the deltoid
Nerve innervating the supraspinatus
Nerve innervating the infraspinatus
Thoracodorsal
Nerve innervating the latissimus dorsi
Axillary
Nerve innervating the deltoid
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Teres Major
Rhomboid (minor and major)
Origin: external occipital protuberance and spinous processes…
Origin: spinous processes of T7-sacrum, posterior iliac crest…
Origin: inferior angle of scapula.... Insertion: intertubercular…
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T5.... Insertion: vertebral bord…
Trapezius
Origin: external occipital protuberance and spinous processes…
Latissimus Dorsi
Origin: spinous processes of T7-sacrum, posterior iliac crest…
133 terms
Gross Anatomy
Carnegie Stages (how many stages, and…
Capacitation (during fertilization)
Dermatome landmarks (8 of them)
Superficial Extrinsics
Embryonic development stages (1-23). Based on appearance and…
Secretion from the uterine wall destabilize plasma membrane
C4-top of shoulder. C6-thumb. C8 pinky. T4-nipple line. T10-b…
Trapezius, Latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboid major…
Carnegie Stages (how many stages, and…
Embryonic development stages (1-23). Based on appearance and…
Capacitation (during fertilization)
Secretion from the uterine wall destabilize plasma membrane
8 terms
Abdominal Muscles Gross Anatomy
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Transverse Abdominus
Rectus Abdominus
Origin= 5-12 ribs... Insertion= linea alba, iliac crest, pubic t…
Origin = thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, inguinal ligament…
Origin = lower 6 ribs, thoracolumbarfascia, iliac crest & ing…
Origin= pubic tubercle & pubic symphysis... Insertion = costal c…
External Oblique
Origin= 5-12 ribs... Insertion= linea alba, iliac crest, pubic t…
Internal Oblique
Origin = thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, inguinal ligament…
93 terms
gross anatomy
three types of bones and where to find…
break down of the skeletal system into…
histology of bone
4 main tissue types
long (limbs), short (hand), flat (scapula)
axial skeleton (skull, ribs, vertebrae), appendecular (limbs,…
nervous tissue, ct (cartilage, bone, blood)
nervous, epithelial, muscle, ct
three types of bones and where to find…
long (limbs), short (hand), flat (scapula)
break down of the skeletal system into…
axial skeleton (skull, ribs, vertebrae), appendecular (limbs,…
9 terms
Gross Anatomy
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
81 terms
Gross Anatomy - Abdomen
Abdomen
False pelvis
true pelvis
Perineum
Region of the trunk located below the diaphragm but above the…
inferior part of the abdominal cavity just above the pelvic i…
cavity between the pelvic inlet and outlet and surrounded by…
region inferior to the pelvic outlet that contains the extern…
Abdomen
Region of the trunk located below the diaphragm but above the…
False pelvis
inferior part of the abdominal cavity just above the pelvic i…
63 terms
Gross Anatomy
Kyphotic curve
Lordotic curve
Lumbosacral angle
Intervertebral joint
Primary curve, thoracic and sacral, born with
Secondary curve, cervical and lumbar, developed from weight o…
Junction between lumbar and sacrum
Symphysis joint, fibrocartilagenous joint
Kyphotic curve
Primary curve, thoracic and sacral, born with
Lordotic curve
Secondary curve, cervical and lumbar, developed from weight o…
77 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz
Ligament-Classifications
Ligament-Behavior
Sternoclavicular Joint-Articulation
Sternoclavicular Joint-Articular disc
-Extrinsic-Superficial to capsular ligament... -Intrinsic-Deep t…
Rope-Stops movement as the bone pulls away from one another... W…
-Sternal end of clavicle... -Clavicular and costal notches of th…
allow sternal end of clavicle and sternum to articulate
Ligament-Classifications
-Extrinsic-Superficial to capsular ligament... -Intrinsic-Deep t…
Ligament-Behavior
Rope-Stops movement as the bone pulls away from one another... W…
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