Study sets matching "gross anatomy"

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Study sets matching "gross anatomy"

240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
240 terms
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
16 terms
Gross Anatomy
Humerus
Tibia
Ribs
Carpals
Upper arm bone
Medial leg bone
Surround the chest, made of flat bones
wrist bones, 8 of them
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Tibia
Medial leg bone
61 terms
Gross Anatomy
Quadratus Lumborum
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis and Capitis
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 2-4…
origin: transverse processes... insertion: spinous processes 4-6…
Quadratus Lumborum
origin: iliac crest... insertion: lumbar transverse processes an…
Rotatores
origin: transverse processes ... insertion: spinous processes 1-…
144 terms
Gross anatomy
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
depressor anguli oris muscle
buccinator
Frontalis muscle
levator labii superioris muscle
90 terms
Gross Anatomy
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
What are the 3 bony processes?
Function of the processes?
What 2 things come together to form th…
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Articulation w/ adjacent vertebral arches or attachment of mu…
Body and vertebral arch
Vertebral formula: C_ T_ L_ S_ Ca_
C7 T13 L7 S3 Ca~20
What are the 3 bony processes?
Transverse, Spinous, Articular
Gross Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
Insertion: ... 1. Lateral part of the clavicle... 2. Acromion... 3. Sp…
Motor from spinal portion of accessory nerve (CN XI)
Trapezius
Origin: ... 1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum…
Trapezius Origin
1. Medial part of superior nuchal line... 2. Ligamentum nuchae (…
21 terms
Gross Anatomy
Parietal Pleura
Visceral Pleura
Pericardium
Lung
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
The delicate serous membrane that covers the surface of each…
Membrane surrounding the heart
organs through which an animal gets oxygen from the air.
Parietal Pleura
Outer membrane which is attached to the inner surface of the…
Visceral Pleura
The delicate serous membrane that covers the surface of each…
Gross Anatomy
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
longissimus- type of back muscle, inne…
illiocostalis- type of back muscle, in…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
intrinsic, part of errector spinae, chief extensor of vert. c…
splenius- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles,innerv. posterior rami, extends head a…
Spinalis- type of back muscle, innerva…
intrinsic back muscles, part of errector spinae, chief extens…
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
7 terms
Gross Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Systemic anatomy
Regional anatomy
Surface anatomy
(AKA macroscopic anatomy) investigates the structure and rela…
studies the anatomy of each functional body system. ... such as…
examines all of the structure in a particular region of the b…
focuses on both superficial anatomic marking and the internal…
Gross Anatomy
(AKA macroscopic anatomy) investigates the structure and rela…
Systemic anatomy
studies the anatomy of each functional body system. ... such as…
Gross Anatomy
histology
cytology
gross
embryology
microscopic anatomy
cellular anatomy
macroscopic anatomy
developmental anatomy
histology
microscopic anatomy
cytology
cellular anatomy
15 terms
Gross anatomy
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
mediastinum
visceral pericardium
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
14 terms
Gross Anatomy
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
dorsal cavity
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
the upper part of the torso or trunk, within the chest area;…
what are the 5 subdivisions of gross a…
head, cervical, trunk or torso, upper extremities, lower extr…
dorsal cavity
skull containing the brain, and spinal cavity containing spin…
136 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
How is the cranium divided?
How is the neurocranium divided?
What is endochondral osteogenesis and…
What is intramembranous osteogenesis a…
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Endochondral Osteogenesis is when bones are formed by ossifyi…
Intramembranous Osteogenesis is when bone forms directly form…
How is the cranium divided?
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
How is the neurocranium divided?
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
97 terms
Gross Anatomy -- Thoracic Exam
Superior Thoracic Aperture
Jugular Notch
Manubrium
Sternal Angle
Composed of T1; both first ribs; and manubrium sterni.
Superior border of the sternum, between clavicular notches.
Joins with the clavicles, the first ribs, and the body of the…
1. Which rib articulates here?... Rib 2; used as a reference poi…
Superior Thoracic Aperture
Composed of T1; both first ribs; and manubrium sterni.
Jugular Notch
Superior border of the sternum, between clavicular notches.
176 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Myology
Functions of skeletal muscle
Muscular system depends on other syste…
Fasciculi
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
-Skeletal (musculoskeletal system)-movement... -Respiratory, dig…
Muscle fibers grouped into bundles
Myology
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
Functions of skeletal muscle
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
103 terms
Gross Anatomy
Osteology
Primary Functions of Bones
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
study of bones
1. Support... 2. Movement... 3. Protection... 4. Growth... 5. Storage of…
bones of the appendages (limbs)
bones of the axis of the body: skull, thorax, vertebral column
Osteology
study of bones
Primary Functions of Bones
1. Support... 2. Movement... 3. Protection... 4. Growth... 5. Storage of…
63 terms
Gross Anatomy
Kyphotic curve
Lordotic curve
Lumbosacral angle
Intervertebral joint
Primary curve, thoracic and sacral, born with
Secondary curve, cervical and lumbar, developed from weight o…
Junction between lumbar and sacrum
Symphysis joint, fibrocartilagenous joint
Kyphotic curve
Primary curve, thoracic and sacral, born with
Lordotic curve
Secondary curve, cervical and lumbar, developed from weight o…
Gross Anatomy- Pectoral Region
Pectoralis Major m.
Pectoralis Minor m.
Subclavius m.
True Ribs
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
O- Junction of 1st rib and costal cartilages... I- Inferior surf…
1st through 7th rib... Ribs that articulate from the vertebral…
Pectoralis Major m.
O- Clavicular head on the medial half of the clavicle... Sternoc…
Pectoralis Minor m.
O- Anterior aspect of 3rd - 5th ribs ... I- Coracoid process of…
71 terms
GROSS ANATOMY
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occipitalis
Gross Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
above- towards head
Below- towards feet
In front
back
Superior
above- towards head
Inferior
Below- towards feet
17 terms
Gross Anatomy
Cauda equina
Spinal cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
cone shaped terminal part of the spinal cord
from tip of the conus medullaris a connective tissue fiber ex…
Cauda equina
horse's tail; composed of nerve fibers or axons
Spinal cord
Location: Vertebral Canal ... Extent: Foramen Magnum to disc bet…
11 terms
gross anatomy
compact bone
spongy bone
diaphysis
medullary cavity location
dense, solid, and smooth
porous and uneven
long portion (shaft) or long bone
diaphysis
compact bone
dense, solid, and smooth
spongy bone
porous and uneven
80 terms
Abdomen I - Gross anatomy
rectus sheath
rectus abdominis
external oblique
internal oblique
formed by the aponeuroses of the obliques, which insert into…
O: pubic bone... I: xiphoid process of sternum and costal append…
O: outer surfaces of lower 8 ribs... I: primarily linea alba... A:…
O: lumbar fascia, iliac crest and inguinal ligament... I: primar…
rectus sheath
formed by the aponeuroses of the obliques, which insert into…
rectus abdominis
O: pubic bone... I: xiphoid process of sternum and costal append…
13 terms
Gross anatomy
medulla
pons
cerebellum
midbrain
Base of brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
Relays communications between the cerebral hemispheres and th…
A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor s…
(remember the structures that we named within the midbrain?)…
medulla
Base of brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
pons
Relays communications between the cerebral hemispheres and th…
Gross anatomy
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
-longer than they are large... -Upper extremities: humerus, radi…
usually square shaped (tarsil bones and carpil bones)
thin/flat (stranium and frontal (cranial)
hip bones
Long bones
-longer than they are large... -Upper extremities: humerus, radi…
Short bones
usually square shaped (tarsil bones and carpil bones)
36 terms
Cardiovascular Gross Anatomy
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Pericardium
A-Position of transverse pericardial s…
B-Fibrous pericardium... C-Parietal Layer…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
What is the covering of the heart called?
What is A?
B? C? D?
A-Fluid... B- Pericardium... C- Visceral per…
Identify the layers:... A? B? C?
Pericardium
What is the covering of the heart called?
Gross Anatomy
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Medullary cavity
shaft of long bone
Top and bottom of long bone
Diaphysis
shaft of long bone
Epiphysis
Top and bottom of long bone
55 terms
gross anatomy
gross anatomy
levels of organization
nine body systems
glands
study of organs, parts, and structures of a body that are vis…
atom molecule macromolecule organelle cell tissue organ organ…
circulatory, digestive, endocrine, excretory, immune, muscula…
pituitary, pineal, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pan…
gross anatomy
study of organs, parts, and structures of a body that are vis…
levels of organization
atom molecule macromolecule organelle cell tissue organ organ…
59 terms
Abdomen II - Gross Anatomy
abdominal aorta
T12
(right and left) common iliac artery
L4
this structure takes on this name after it passes through the…
at what level of the vertebral column does the aorta pass thr…
ignore the arrow!... structure in question is an inferior conti…
at what level of the vertebral column does the abdominal aort…
abdominal aorta
this structure takes on this name after it passes through the…
T12
at what level of the vertebral column does the aorta pass thr…
157 terms
Gross anatomy Skeletal System
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
Name 3 places where cartilage can be f…
Two types of bone
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
pubic symphysis, articular cartilage of joint, cartilage in i…
Spongy bone & compact bone
Four parts that contribute to the skel…
Bones (skeleton) ,joints, cartilage, ligaments
Bone consists of 6 Tissues
1. Ossesous Tissue... 2. Bone Marrow... 3. Adipose tissue... 4. Nervou…
Gross Anatomy
thracic artery goes into what vertebrate
Spinal cord terminates at
Which nerve innervates the thumb
what organ could you remove without di…
C6
L1
medial
kidney
thracic artery goes into what vertebrate
C6
Spinal cord terminates at
L1
42 terms
Gross Anatomy
PECTORALIS MAJOR
Pectoralis Minor
Subclavius
Serratus Anteiror
INSERTION: LATERAL LIP OF BICIPITAL GROOVE... ORIGIN: CLAVICLE/…
Innervated by the medial pectoral nerve... Insertion: Lateral l…
Innervated by nerve to subclavius ... Actions are:... 1. depress…
origin: ... outer surface of the upper 8 ribs... Insertion:... medial…
PECTORALIS MAJOR
INSERTION: LATERAL LIP OF BICIPITAL GROOVE... ORIGIN: CLAVICLE/…
Pectoralis Minor
Innervated by the medial pectoral nerve... Insertion: Lateral l…
9 terms
Gross Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Regional Anatomy
Systematic Anatomy
Studies features visible without a micrscope
Study of superficial markings
Study of superficial and eternal features in specific areas o…
Study of the major organ systems
Gross Anatomy
Studies features visible without a micrscope
Surface Anatomy
Study of superficial markings
11 terms
gross anatomy
Diaphysis
proximal epiphysis
distal epiphysis
articular cartiliage
shaft of bone
end of bone closest
end of bone furthest away
smooth surface to decrease joint priction
Diaphysis
shaft of bone
proximal epiphysis
end of bone closest
Gross Anatomy
Name the directional terms (10)
Name the planes and corresponding axes…
Whats included in the dorsal cavity?
How is the ventral cavity divided? (2)
Superior, Inferior... Anterior, Posterior... Proximal, Distal... Media…
Sagittal plane -- Frontal axis... Coronal plane -- Sagittal axis…
Spinal cord
Thoracic cavity... Abdominopelvic cavity
Name the directional terms (10)
Superior, Inferior... Anterior, Posterior... Proximal, Distal... Media…
Name the planes and corresponding axes…
Sagittal plane -- Frontal axis... Coronal plane -- Sagittal axis…
Gross Anatomy
What is the meaning of the term Protra…
What is the meaning of Retraction and…
Explain retraction in the context of m…
Explain Protraction in the context of…
bringing the limb forward, all joints are extended on the fro…
bringing the limb back caudally and is an antagonist for prot…
begining of the stride, all joints are flexed ... ex. flex joint…
All joints are extended at the ending of the stride, ... ex. for…
What is the meaning of the term Protra…
bringing the limb forward, all joints are extended on the fro…
What is the meaning of Retraction and…
bringing the limb back caudally and is an antagonist for prot…
21 terms
Gross anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Myosatellite cells
A layer of dense irregular connective tissue which separates…
Connective fibers that divide the muscle into a series of int…
Consists of delicate fibers; Surrounds each skeletal muscle f…
Lie scattered between the Endomysium and the muscle fibers fu…
Epimysium
A layer of dense irregular connective tissue which separates…
Perimysium
Connective fibers that divide the muscle into a series of int…
22 terms
Gross Anatomy
Ana-up; Tome-cutting
Histology
Wharton's duct
Adam's apple
Anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Submandibular duct (Salivary duct)
Expansion of the Thyroid cartilage
Ana-up; Tome-cutting
Anatomy
Histology
Microscopic anatomy
Gross Anatomy
dysarthria
apraxia of speech
aphasia
dementia
motor speech disorder; neuromuscular transmission (pyramidal,…
motor speech disorder; motor planning
acquired language disorder (le> perisylvian region)
progressive cognitive-‐‐linguistic impairment; language and m…
dysarthria
motor speech disorder; neuromuscular transmission (pyramidal,…
apraxia of speech
motor speech disorder; motor planning
317 terms
Gross Anatomy
perineum
serous linings
adduction
abduction
pelvis
line cavities
moving body part toward midline
moving body part away from midline
perineum
pelvis
serous linings
line cavities
Gross Anatomy
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsel
Ventral
Direction toward the head.
Direction toward the rear.
Direction toward the back side.
Direction toward the belly.
Anterior
Direction toward the head.
Posterior
Direction toward the rear.
Gross anatomy
Five golden rules
Responsible of generating a specific m…
Are muscles that reverse a specific mo…
Are muscles that help preform specific…
-All muscles cross at least one joint ... -The bulk of the muscl…
Prime movers or agonists
Antagonists
Synergists
Five golden rules
-All muscles cross at least one joint ... -The bulk of the muscl…
Responsible of generating a specific m…
Prime movers or agonists
Gross anatomy
Larynx
thyroid cartilage larynx
Cricoid Cartilage larynx
cricothyroid ligament larynx
Larynx
thyroid cartilage larynx
78 terms
Gross Anatomy
nervous
CNS
PNS
ANS
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
towards brain
away from brain; brain + spinal comm w/ body + world
part of PNS; reg internal enviro (organs, glands + blood)
nervous
comm network of nerve cells in + out of brain + spinal
CNS
towards brain
38 terms
Gross Anatomy
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
receives and integrates sensory information
visual centers of the brain
areas for hearing, smell, learning, memory, emotional behavior
Frontal lobe
voluntary movement functions, planning, mood, smell and socia…
Parietal lobe
receives and integrates sensory information
Gross Anatomy Quiz
Ligament-Classifications
Ligament-Behavior
Sternoclavicular Joint-Articulation
Sternoclavicular Joint-Articular disc
-Extrinsic-Superficial to capsular ligament... -Intrinsic-Deep t…
Rope-Stops movement as the bone pulls away from one another... W…
-Sternal end of clavicle... -Clavicular and costal notches of th…
allow sternal end of clavicle and sternum to articulate
Ligament-Classifications
-Extrinsic-Superficial to capsular ligament... -Intrinsic-Deep t…
Ligament-Behavior
Rope-Stops movement as the bone pulls away from one another... W…
Gross Anatomy
Vertebrae Characteristics
Shared Derived Characteristics
Dorsal Body Cavity
Ventral Body Cavity
1. Tube-within-a-tube... 2. Bilateral symmetry (midsagittal plan…
-Verabrate skeleton... -Vertebrate cardiovascular system
Cranial & Vertebral cavities... Smaller than Ventral, houses CNS
Thoracic Cavity (3 parts):... -2 lateral parts, each containing…
Vertebrae Characteristics
1. Tube-within-a-tube... 2. Bilateral symmetry (midsagittal plan…
Shared Derived Characteristics
-Verabrate skeleton... -Vertebrate cardiovascular system
15 terms
Gross Anatomy
Diaphysis (shaft)
periosteum
epiphysis
compact bone
The long part of the bone or the shaft of it
protective coat of the bone or outer layer
ends parts of long bones
the hard, rigid form of connective tissue constituting most o…
Diaphysis (shaft)
The long part of the bone or the shaft of it
periosteum
protective coat of the bone or outer layer
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